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^i0^tU»nt»  ^0U^4 

%         OF 


History y  Antiquities^    Topography^ 





VOL.  IV.  ^ 

PM  sjTED    FOR   AND    SOLD    BY   JOHN    WYLIE    &    CO. 
And  the  other  BookcelleA  in  GlaagQW. 


R.  Chapman,  Printer. 

1820.  _ 

^     /^ 





I  9^  9n$imt  9nian€€ 


(  * 



The  Privileges  of  the  Scots  in  France. 






nmrriD  BY  W.  GHKYNB.   1751. 


SKPBIHTSD   FOB   J.    WTLIB   iSc   CO. 
Bj)  Robert  Chapman. 






CHAP.  I. 


Thc  alliance  of  France  and  Scotland,         -     .  -      1 
Treaty  of  alliance  between  Charles  IV.  sumamed 
die  Fair,  king  of  France,  and  Robert  I.  kiqg     ^ 
of  Scotland,  concluded  in  1326,      -      «  -  4 

Renewals  of  that  alliance,  -        *        -        -     10 

Contracts  of  inarriage  between  the  royal  families 

of  France  and  Scotland,  <•        -        «        11 

CHAP.  n. 

Services  done  to  France  by  the  Soots,        -        ^12 


Rewards  of  services  granted  by  the  kings  of  France 
to  the  Scots,         .....        16 

Sbct*  1.     Dignities,  offices,  honours  and  lands, 

conferred  upon  the  Scots  in  France,    -        -17 

Sect.  2.    Of  the  Scots  guards,      ...        19 

Sect*  3.  Letters  of  naturalization  for  all  Scots- 
men granted  or  confirmed  by  the  kings  of 
France,    .......23 

Sect.  4.  Letters-patents  containing  the  privileges 
of  the  Scottish  merchants  trading  in  France, 
&C.      .        •        «.        .        •        •        •        25 



Letters  of  general  naturalization  for  the  whole 
Scottish  nation  in  France,  by  king  Lewis 
XIL  in  1513,        -         -         .        -         -  25 

Letters-patents  of  king  Henry  II.  containing  the 

privileges  of  the  tdtiots^  in  Che  year  1558,     -     51 

Extract  of  the  registers  of  the  parliament  of  Paris,      35 

Letters-patents  of  king  Henry  IV.  bearing  can" 
firmation  of  the  privileges  of  the  Scots   in 

France,  in  1599, 36 

Extract  of  the  records  of  parliament,    "^     -         -     41 
Leiters-patents  of  Lewis  XIIL  to  confirm  the  pri« 

▼ileges  of  the  Scots  itt  FR»6e,  in  idn^yH^ 

1612, -        M 

Extract  of  the  registers  of  the  parikmenft -of  p4iviS)    46 
Act  of  king  Lewis  XIV.«  eoondl  <if  slate,  in  fk* 

vour  of  the  Scots  in  France,       .        «.        -    47 
Priv9ege8  of  the  Seottidi  tneithaiits  iracting  m 

France,  granted  by  king  Franeis  L  in  I51S,    49 
Privileges  of  the  Scottish  merchants  trading  in 

France,  granted  by  king  Heniy  II.  in  1554,    51 
Iteiirmation  of  the|)rivifege8  ef  the  Scotliah  mer-         ^^ 

chants  trading  in  France,  granted  by  king        ;ei^ 

Henry  IV.  in  1599,       -        -        .        -       5S 




.,  .  BETWEEN  THE 

.  ¥BSm<M  ANC  SCOTS,. 



.       \  OF         \ 


AS  the  privileges  of  the  Spots  in  France  are  a 

^nsequence  of  the  union  and'  alliance  which  sub- 

'  'ted  so  many  ages  between  the  two  crowns,  it  is 

necessary^  in  the  first  place,  to  treat  what  regards 

.  'hat!  alliance,  in  order  to  come  afterwards  to  the 

privileges  granted  by  the  Kings  of  France  to  the 


CHAP.  I. 


It  is  the^ieral  opinion  of  all  the  Scottishhis- 
torians,  that  tfai  alliance  of  the  French  and  Scots  is   . 

^i0^ll»nm  ^0tim4 

d  b  L  L  E  ^  T-IJO  ^\ 

%         OF 


Histaryy  Anttquities^    Topography^ 

1  or 


[jTED   FOB   AKD    SOLD    BY    JOHN    WYLIE    &    CO. 

And  the  other  BooluelleA  in  Glasgow. 


R.  Cbapman,  Printer. 

1820.  _ 



V^  ilmimi  nui»px$ 




The  Privileges  of  ihe  Scots  in  France. 




nUMTIB  ET  W.  CHKTXB.    1751. 

&EPBINTED   FOA   J.   WTLIB   &   CO. 


I  By  Bobert  Chapman, 



10  MSMOI&S  OF  TttS  ALLlIKCS  . 

testukmny  nrliereof,  we  oCMninaiid  our  $eal  to  be  Ap- 
pended to  tbtee  presents.  Given  i^  Diindde  on 
tbe  twpeotietb  day  of  Aprils  in.tbe  year  df  grace 
,  QBO' tboasaod  tbree  htmdted  Cnveatj^^my  aiiidln 
tbe'iweettetbyeat  6f<6ur:i*^tgfi:.j  : 
' ?  Audi  tol^  ead  tbal thkthii^ nifty  be-firm esd 
.atfd]  all  time  comings  we  bave  caoaed  bur  aeal 
.te^beaffiacedto^ibesepreE^nts.  CrtvenatCotiFbdnjr, 
inibe  yeap  ofi^grace  one  tbouasnd  tbreebcadred 
and  twenty^six,  in  the  mcmtb  of  AptiL 

Benewal  of  the  alliance  vf  France  and  Scotland^ 
between  Charles,  Dauphin  of  France»  (Xing  John 
bis  fiither  being  prisoner  iniEngland,)  and  David  11. 
King  (^Scotland^  at  Paris,  June  39^  1359.  * 

!Renewal  of  the  said  alUanee  between  the  Kings 
Chirks  V.  of  France,  and  Robert  II.  of  Scotland, 
at  Yjneennies,  June  3,  137L  f 
'  Benewal  of  the  said  alliancie  between  Charles  VI. 
Sng  of  France,  and  Robert  III.  £ing  of  Scot- 
land, Mardi  3,  1390. 1 

Renewal  of  the  said  alliance  between  the  said 
Charles  VL  King  of  France,,  and  Robert  Duke  of 
'  Albany,  Regtot  of  Scotland  during  the  captivity 
^  King  James  L  in  1407. 

Rtoewal  of  the  i^ud  alliance  between  Charles  VII. 
King  of  J^raoce,  and  Murdoch  Duke  of  Albany, 
Regent  of  Scotland,  in  1423.  § 

Renewal  of  the  said  alliance  betweeitCharies 
VII.  King  of  France,  and  JameisL  King  of  Soot- 
land,  in  1488.  11 '  .. 

*  Hn  Tillet's  collectionof  treatie$,p.  80.— .f  P»  98— J  P»  1 1^- 
-*§  p.  137.— II  p.  185, 

Gfew^yifv  KJi«  of  Fmi«%;^^  ]U[r  J^iiig 

of  Scotland,  in  1448.  ♦  i ; ; .  .,': 

,  JBr^^iral  of  the  scud  a^ia||9^..,t|6(;^f«e^  Qbarles 
YIIL  ?;ing  of  Eraucej,  opd^  Jiuo^s ,  X^V«  JS^  of 
Scotland,  in  149L  t  *  * 

Renewal  of  the  said  alliance  between  Lewis  XII. 
King  of  France,  and  the  same  James  IV.  King  of 
Scotland,  in  1612.  J         ^ 

Renewal  of  the  sidd  alliance  between  Francis  I. 
King  of  France,  and  tfames  V\  Sing  of  Scotland, 
in  15154 

Renewal  of  the  said  alliance  betwieen  Francis  I. 
King  of  France  and.  Mary  Qiieen  of  Scotland,  in 
1548.;  ||; 

This  faame  alUance  was  again  renewed  between 
Httnry  IL  Eifiig  of  Franc^  and  Mary  Qiffien  ef 
SoDtkuad,  andibetiineeii  the  sucoeeding'  Kings. 

To  strengthen  these  alUances  by  stricter  ties^ 
the  royal  fiBnilias  of  Fcaiifie  and  Seotlaiid  hanto 
beea(i;  fiidveiral  tifaieK  j^nited:  !)y,>jQi^ 
.   Th&ic(iiitraets<ase:extantQf;tfae  following.  , 

Contract  of  marriage  between.  Edwand  Balkd^ 
son  and  h^r  to  Jicha  King  o£  ScDtkad.limd  Joan 
dwghter  to  Charles  de  Yakaa,,  brother  of  King 
Philipihe.Haii:,  in  1SS5«  ^  .  . 

Contr^ot:  of  ibainage.beiwieeni  Lewis  Dauphin 
'cE  Franoe^:  afierwards  Lewis  XL  and  Margaret 
daughter  to 'Jamjcs  I.  Klhgof  BcQtlaitd,in  1486.  ** 

*  P.  140— t  p.  149 — t  Collection  of  the  treaties  of  France 
and  Scotland.-.^  Du  Tillet's  collectioii«p.  164.— .||  Collection  of 
treaties  between  France  and  Scotland — ^  Rymer,  foecU  Anfifl. 
tom:  2,  p.  697,  and  698^**  Du  THlet's  col.  p.  137. 

13  HSMOlltS  OF  Ttti^ALtlAlXCB 

Contract  of  marriage  between  James  V.  King- of 
SiSotkmd,  and  Magdden  daughter  to  King  Francts 

'  Contract  *  of  marril^e  between  Francid  Dauphin, 
afterwards  Frauds  II.  King  of  France;  and  Mary 
Queen  heiress  of  Scotland,  in  1558.  f 



ONE  of  the  principal  effects  of  this  anoent  alii* 
ance  was  the  mutual  succour  which  the  two  nations 
engaged  to  give  each  other  against  the  English 
their  common  enemy ;  and  it  was  in  consequence 
of  this  engagement  that  the  Scots  rendered  so  great 
services  to  France,  especially  in  the  -  fourteenth 
century,  whither  by  sending  the  flower  of  their . 
bravest  men  into  France,  to  succour  its  inhabi- 
tants against  the  Englidi,  almost  masters  of  the 
kingdom,  or  by  attacking  England  with  all  their 
force,  on  the  side  of  Scotland,  as  oft  as  the  English 
passed  the  sea  to  attack  France^    . 

In  1346,  after  the  iatal  battle  of  Crecy,  (or  Cres* 
si,)  in  order  to  check  the  victorious  English,  to  pre- 
vent their  pushing  their  conquests  in  France,  and 
to  make  a  diversion  there,  David  II.  King  of  Scot- 
land, attacked  England,  and  ravaged  all  the  north 
of  it,  where,  loung  a  bloody  battle,  he  was  defeated 
and  taken,  and,  after  ten  years  captivity,  obliged 
to  find  a  ransom.  X 

*  Printed  bj  Iieonaxd.«-.f  Mem.  Scot,  tonu  h  p*  37. 
•«f  Fxoissaid. 

BETWExy  rAAVai  and  scotlakd.       13 

This  didtotUnAerihfikix^fi^mcceB»oirBfrmn 

itiouiag  to  attiKik  En^aody  ia  order  4o  Bitop  the 
irrnptUmB  of  the  Engliab  into  Franee.  But  it 
wAschiefly  at  ffae  time  wfaen  Ihe  Fr^ich  oioiiareby, 
witbia  «  htirtireedtli  of  its  pyerthvow,  when  the 
Eoglidi,  through  the  weakaess  of  King  Chwrles  Yh 
and  the  help  of  the  Burgundians,  were  masters  of 
abaost  the  whole  kingdom,  and  when  their  Heni^ 
VL  was  crowned  at  Paris  King  of  France;  it  was, 
I  say,  chiefly  in  this  extremity,  that  the  Soots  sent, 
time  after  time,  of  their  first  nobility,  wit^  the 
flower  of  the  troops  of  Scotland,  to  support  the  juat 
righl  of  the  Dauphin  of  France,  sole  lawful  heir  of 
the  crown,  but  then  proscribed  and  abandoned  by 
the  greats  part  of  his  French  subjects,  and  by 
idmost  all  the  other  allies  of  the  crowa, 

Fdr,  in  14S0,  Robert  Duke  of  Albany,  Regent 
of  Scotland,  se»t  to  the  Dauphin^s  assistance  John 
Earl  of  Bm^aa,  his  son,  with  Archibald  Douglas 
Ea^l  of  Wigtoun,  John  Stewart  of  Darnly,  and 
other  noUlity,  at  the  head  of  a  conaderable  bedy 
of  troops,  by  whose  aid  the  Ei^lish  were  defeated 
at  Beauge,  in  a  bloody  battle,  where  the  Earl  of 
Clarence,  brother  to  the  King  of  England,  the 
Earl  of  Kent,  and  a  great  number  of  the  English 
noUlity  were  killed,  ^  and  many  others  nuu^e  pri- 
soners. •  ' 

In  the  year  1422,  the  Earl  of  Douglas,  at  the 
head  of  a  new  reinfcnxs^aaent  of  five  thousand  Scots, 
arrived  in  France  to  the  aid  of  the  Dauphin,  ac- 

•  Hist  ly Alait.  chart,  p.  49.    DaTid  Cluun*  171".    TiUet's 
Treatiefl  pf  Franoe  and  England^  p.  126. 


knowledged  King,  since  the  death  of  his  father, 
by  the  name  of  Charles  VII.  and  after  most  of  his 
troops  had  been  cut  off  in  the  battle  of  Devreuil.  * 

In  14S4,  their  came  again  fresh  troops  from 
Scotland  to  the  succour  of  Charles  VII.  under  the 
command  of  Robert  Petilloch,  (or  perhaps  Pat* 
tuUohy)  a  great  captain  in  those  days,  f 

In  1428,  the  same  King  Charles  VII.  pressed 
on  all  sides  by  the  English  and  other  enemies  of 
the  French  monarchy,  sent,  to  seek  new  aid  of 
King  James  I.  of  Scotland,  the  Archbishop  of 
Rheims,  with  John  Stewart  of  Aubigny,  and  to 
ask  in  marriage  the  Princess  Margaret,  King 
Jameses  eldest  daughter,  for  his  son  Lewis,  Dau- 
phin of  France.  All  was  granted  him ;  the  an* 
cient  alliances  were  renewed,  and  the  Lord  of 
Aubigny  repassed  into  France  with  fresh  troops. 
But  the  Princess  being  yet  too  young,  as  well  as 
the  Dauphin,  she  went  to  France  only  in  1486, 
well  attended  by  nobility  and  reinforcements. 

In  fine,  King  Lewis  XII.  in  his  letters-patents  j: 
of  the  privileges  of  the  Scots  in  France,  extols  the 
service  which  the  Scots  did  in  the  expulsion  of  the 
English,  in  these  terms.  «  Lastly,  and  in  the  life- 
time of  our  late  most  dear  lord  and  cousin  King 
.Charles  VII.  (whom  God  absolve,)  several  princes 
of  the  said  kingdom  of  Scotland,  with  a  great  num- 
ber of  people  of  the  said  nation,  came  over  to  help 
to  cast  and  expel  forth  of  this  kingdom,  the  English, 
who  held  and  occupied  most  part  of  the  realm,  and 

•Al.  chart,  hist  of  Charles  VII.  p.  85.  Da^dCham.p.l77. 
— t  Da.  Cham,  p^  1 78.<— :|:  See  these  letters  in  the  sequeL 


SO  valorously  exposed  their  persons  against  the  said 
English,  that  these  were  driven  out,  and  the  said 
realm  restored  to  his  obedience,  _&c.^  And,  after 
the  reduction  of  France  to  the  obedience  of  its  law- 
ful sovereign,  the  Scots  continued  to  send  succours 
into  France,  and  to  attack  England,  in  order  to 
make  a  diversion,  as  often  as  the  kings  of  France 
should  require  it;  besides  that^  there  ^re  some  of 
the  best  families  of  Scotland  destined  solely  to  the 
service  of  France.  Thus  we  see  the  lords  of  Au- 
bigny,  ^ewart,  John,  Robert,  Bernard,  (called 
also  Berald,)  and  others  of  that  family,  in  the  sexw 
▼ice  of  France,  under  Charles  VIII.  Lewis  XII. 
and  in  the  following  reigns ;  especially  in  th^e  wars 
of  Italy,  where  they  distinguished  themselves  at 
the  battle  of  Fornova,  and  in  the  kingdom  of 

In  1507,  by  the  relation  of  Claud  Seysil,  Arch- 
bishop .of  Turin,  a  contemporary  author.  King 
James  IV.  pn  occasion  of  the  wars  of  King  Lewis 
XIL  in  Italy,  sent  to  him,  and  offered  to  come  in 
person  to  serve  him  with  teti  or  twenty  thousand 
fighting  men.  *  And  the  sameEang  James,in  ,1513, 
having  learned  that  France  was  attacked  by  the 
Emperor  and  the  King  of -England  conjunctly,  in 
order  to  make  a  diversion,  (as  the  same  King  Lewis 
XII.  observes,  f )  attacked  on  his  side  England 
vith  all  his  force,  though  King  Henry  VIII.  was 
his  brother-in-law,  and  obliged  him  to  send  back 
part  of  his  troops  into  England ;  whereupon  fol- 

•  Seysil  hist  of  Lewis  XII.  p.  142— f  In  ^^  ^^  P**'  •» 


lowed  the  fatal  battle  of  Fkmden  between  the 
English  and  Scots^  in  which  Kii^  James  lost  bb 
Kfe,  with  the  flower  of  the  Soots,  solely  in  the  quar- 
rel of  France. 

.  Lastly,  in  1548,  the  preference  which  the  Soots 
made  of  the  alliance  of  France  to  that  of  England, 
for  the  marriage  of  the  young  Queen  Mary,  heiress 
of  Scotland,  involved  that  kingdom  in  a  war  of 
about  twenty  years  with  England,  which  was  fol^ 
lowed  by  an  infinity  of  mischiefs,  and  ended  at  last 
in  the  ruin  of  the  Boman  catholic  religion  in  Scot* 



IT  was  by  reason  of  the  ancient  allianees  be- 
tween the  two  kingdoms,  and  as  it  were  in  compen* 
sation  of  the  services  done  to  France,  and  of  the 
losses  in  consequence  sustained  by  the  Seots,  that 
the  kings  of  France  behaved  to  the  Scots  as  if  they 
had  been  their  own  native  subjects.  1.  To  par^ 
ticular  persons,  by  {»omoting  or  admitting  them 
to  all  manner  of  dignities,  honours,  and  offices, 
military,  civil,  and  ecclesiastical  2.  By  commit- 
ing  to  the  Scots  the  guard  of  their  own  royal  per* 
sons  with  singular  prerogatives.  3.  By  granting 
to  all  Scots,  in  general,  letters  of  naturalization, 
ai|4  regarding  them  as  real  denizens  of  their  king- 
dom. 4.  By  granting  particular  exemptions  of 
duties  to  all  the  Scottish  merchants  in  France. 



In  1422,  John  Stewart,  Earl  of  Buchan,  was 
made  Condtable  of  France,  after  the  battle  of 
Beauge,  by  King  Charles  VII.  and  lost  hi&  life  in 
his  service  at  the  battle  of  Verneuil.  * 

In  1423,  Archibald  Earl  of  Douglas  was  crea- 
ted Duke  of  Tourain  by  the  same  king,  and  sacri- 
ficed his  life  in  the  same  battle,  f 

In  1424,  the  same  king  grati6ed  John  Stewart 
of  Damly,  Constable  of  the  Scots  in  France,  with 
the  lordship  of  Aubigny,  j:  which  continued  down 
to  our  days,  in  his  descendants  dukes  of  Lennox, 
until  the  very  extinction  of  the  family.  Charles 
VII.  gave  him  also  the  county  of  Dreux,  and  made 
him  a  Marshal  of  France.  §  His  descendants  lords 
of  Aubignyj  John  and  Bernard,  (known  by  the 
name  of  Berald,)  merited  like  honours  by  their 
services,  and  the  lords  of  that  family  were  in  a 
manner  hereditary  captains  of  the  Scots  guards.  || 

In  1428,  Charles  VII.  gave  to  James  I.  King 
of  Scotland,  the  county  of  Xaintonge  and  Boch- 
fort  in  peerage.  ^ 

About  the  same  time  the  same  king  made  the 
Laird  of  Monypenny  his  chamberlain,  and  gave 
him  the  lordship  of  Concressant. 

•ALChart.histofCharle8Vn.p.5S.— tp.5ft,  DuTUL 
ooE  p.  135 — t  Ibid.^  p.  137.— |i  Hist,  of  Charles  VIII.  edit. 
Godfrey,  p.  384,  385.— f  D"  Till  coll.  p.  137. 

18  icxHoims  or  TBX  AXxiAvem 

In  1495,  the  Lord  ofAuhigoy  was  made  Gover- 
*  nor  of  Calabria  by  King  Charles  VIII.  ♦ 

In  1524,  John  Stewart  Duke  of  Albany,  had  a 
seat  in  the  parliament  of  P«ris,  by  command  of 
Francis  I.  before  the  dukes  and  peers.  *f-  He  was 
appointed  Viceroy  of  Naples,  General  of  the  gal- 
leys of  France,  and  Governor  of  die  Bourbonese, 
of  Auvergne,  and  of  other  provinoes.  J 

About  the  same  time,  Robert  Stewart  of  Au- 
bigny,  was  made  a  Marshal  of  France. 

In  1548,  King  Henry  I.  gave  the  duchy  of 
Chatelherault  to  James  Hamilton  ]Sarl  of  Arran, 
Regent  of  Scotland,  and  prelsented  him  with  the 
collar  t)f  his  order,  which  that  kin^  sent  also  to  the 
Earis  of  Huntly,  Argyll,  and  Angus.  §  ' 

With  regard  to  offices,  the  Scots  have  exercised 
some  of  the  most  considerable  in  France.  }|  Mr. 
Servien,  a  famous  advocate  under  Henry  III.  in 
his  pleading  before  the  parliament  of  Paris,  relates 
that  Mr.  TumbuU,  a  Scotsman,  was  a  judge  in 
the  same  parliament,  and  afterwards  first  president 
of  the  parliament  of  Rouen :  Adam  Blackwood 
was  a  Judge  on  the  bench  of  Poitiers,  and  others 
in  courts  of  justice. 

The  Scots  have  also  possessed  in  France  some 
of  the  first  dignities  of  the  church.  Andrew  Fore- 
man was  Archbishop  of  Bourges,  David  Bethune, 
Bishop  of  Mirepoix,  David  Panter,  (or  perhaps 
Panton,)  and  after  him  James  Bethune  Bishop  of 

*  DameFs  hist  of  France,  Lond.  edit  2d.  p.  134U-.t  Ba- 
Ixuse  hist  de  la  tour  d'  Auvergne,  vol.  ii  p.  68$^!^  Same  hist 
vol  i.  p.  353,  354,  &c — 8  Tit  du  duch^  de  Cljat  p.  1, 3.  td. 
edit  p  10^1  Serv.  plead,  printed  in  1586,  p.  th 

Glaagoiri  w«re  sucoranvely  Abbots  of  L' Abue»  bed- 
sides a  great  number  of  prion,  eaoona*  eurateii. 
mtd  •other  b^efioed  {icrsoiiftifi  France.  And  it  is 
remarkably,  tbat,  in  the  year  1566,  die  cute  of  St 
Cdme  at  Pad%  'Confer r«l  by  the  isniversity  upoa 
Jdhn  HamiltoB,  having  been  disputed  him  by  a 
French  eecMastic,  wfaopralesled  against  Ha^l- 
t<m  as  bciiig  a  Sootsman*  HamilUNi^s^iise  was 
pleaded, intiie  parliament  of  Paris,  by  Mr*  Seiw 
Tien  advocate  in  parliameiit,  who  proved  tbttt  the 
Soots  eagoyed  the  right  of  denizens,  and  in  conse* 
quence,  by  decree  of  the  court,  the  provittoaal 
possession  of  the  cure  was  ad^iic^ed  to  Hamilton.  * 
And,  in  the  university  of  Paris,  the  Scots  snade 
formerly  so  eonnderaUe  a  figure,  tbat  otie  of  che 
four  nalions,  of  whom  the  feouky  of  arts  is  compo* 
sed,  which  is  now  called  the  Gorman  nation,  was 
formeriy  styled  ^<  natio  Germaoorum  et  Scotonun  ;^ 
and  be^es  a  great  number  of  doctors  and  profiss* 
son  inidl  the  fiiculties,  we  find  still,  upon  the  re- 
cords of  the  university,  that  there  have  been  thirty 
rectors  of  the  univeruty  all  Scotsmen,  in  times 
when  the  office  of  rector  was  much  more  considera- 
ble, both  in  church  and  ^te, than itis  at  present. 


Nothing  shows  better  the  consideration  which 
the  kings  of  France  bad  for  the  Scots,  and  the  en- 
tire confidence  they  placed  in  their  fidelity,'than 



t]|e  chcnce  fbey  mode  of  them  for  the  guard  of 
their  sacred  persons. 

With  regard  to  the  estabUshment  of  the  Scots 
guards,  Scottish  writers  refer  ita  beginning  to  the 
reign  of  St.  Lewis«  others  to  King  Charles  V.     But 
it  is  allowed  that  it  was  King  Charles  YII.  who 
gave  them  the  form  in  irfiich  they  have  since  pre- 
served themselves.   King  Lewis  XII.  in  his  letters- 
patents  *  (tf  naturalisation  to  the  Scots,  speaks  of 
this  establishment  in  the  following  manner:  after 
having  set  forth,  in  terms  the  most  honourable  to 
the  nation,  the  service  which  the  Soots  did  to  King 
Charles  VII.  in  theexipulsion  of  the  English  out  of 
France,  and  in  the  reduction  of  Uie. kingdom  to  his 
obedience,  he  adds,  ^<  Since  which  reduction,  and 
for  the  service  the  Scots  rendered  to  Charles  VII* 
upon  that  occasion,  for  the  great  loyalty  and  vir- 
tue which  he  found  in  them,  he  selected  two  hun- 
dred of  them  for  the  guard  of  his  person,  of  whom 
he  made  an  hundred  men  at  arms,  and  an  hundred 
lifeguards.    And  the  said  huuidred  men  at  arms 
are  the  hundred  lances  of  our  ancient  ordinanees; 
and  the  lifeguard-men  are  those  of  our  guard,  who 
still  are  near  and  about  our  person.'^ 

With  respect  to  the  fidelity  of  the  Scots  in  that 
honourable  post,  take  here  the  testimony  bore  them 
by  Claud  Seysil,  Master  of  Requests  to  the  same 
Lewis  XII.  and  afterwards  Archbishop  of  Turin, 
in  his  history  of  that  prince  where  speaking  of 
Scotland,  he  says,  <<  The  Frendi  have  so  ancient  a 
friendship  and  alliance  with  the  Scots,  that,  of  four 

*  Which  see  after. 


hundfed  men  appropriated  fbr  the  kingf s  liAguaid^ 
there  are  an  hundred  of  the  aatd  nation  who  are 
the  nearest  to  hi»  person,  and  in  the  lught  keep 
the  keys  of  the  apartment  where  be  deepB.  There 
are,  moreover,  an  hundred  eoniplete  hmces^  and 
two  famidred  yeomen  of  tKe  said  nation,  beside 
sereral  that  are  dispersed  throogh  tbe  oompames: 
andforsolongattmeastbeyhaveservedin  France^ 
never  hath  tbete  been  one  of  them  found  that  hi^h 
committed  or  done  any  fanlt  against  Uie  ki^gs  or 
their  state ;  and  they  can  make  nse  of  them  m  cf 
their  own  subjects.^ 

The  ancient  r^hts  atid  prerogatiiresof  the  8oot« 
tiA  lif(^guards  were  Tory  hononrftble.  Here  fol* 
lows  the  description  whidi  those  same  Soots  gnards 
give  of  the  fianctions  and  prerogatives  rf  thrir  com^ 
pany^  and  espedaUy  of  the  84  first  guards;  to 
whom  the  first  Gendarme  of  France  .b«ng  added» 
they  make  up  the  number  of '85,  commonly  caUed 
^<  Gardes  de  Mandie,^  sleeve-guards,  wbo  were  all 
Scots  by  nation. 

Two  of  them  asttsting  at  mass»  sermon,  vespess^ 
and  ordinary  meals ;  on  high  holidays  at  the  eete^ 
mony  of  the  royal  toudi,  and  the  erectian  of 
knights  of  the  king''s  order,  at  the  reoeptioa  of  esp 
traOTdinary  ambassadors,  and  public  entries  of 
cities,  there  most  be  six  of  their  number  next  to 
the  king^s  person,  three  on  each  side  of  his  mi^ty ; 
and  die  body  of  tbe  king  must  be  carried  by  these 
only,  wheresoever  ceremony  requires,  and  his  eflSgy 
must  be  attended  by  diem.  They  have  the  keep- 
ing of  tbe  keys  of  die  king''s  loc^ng  at  night*  the 
keeping  of  the  choir  of  the  churdiy  the  keejping  of 


the  boats  whea  the  king  passes  the  rivers,  the  ho**, 
nour  of  bearing  the  white  silk  fringe  in  their  anus, . 
which  is  the  coronal  colour  in  France ;  the  keys  of 
all  the  cities  where  the  king  makes  his  entry  given 
to  their  captdn  in  waiting  or  out  of  waiting.  He 
has  the  privilege  in  waiting,  or  out  of  waiting,  at 
ceremonies,  such  as  coronations,  marriages,  funerals 
of  die  kings,  baptisms  and  marriages  of  their  cbil* 
dren,  to  take  duly  upon  him ;  the  coronation-robe 
bdongs  to  him ;  and  this  company  by  the  deajli  or 
change  of  a  captmn,  never  changes  its  rank,  as  do 
the  three  others. 

This  company  was  heretofore  wholly  composed 
of  Scotsmen.  But  as,  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II. 
several  French,  or  others  than  Scots,  had  been  ad- 
mitted there,  as  well  as  among  the  Scots  Grendarmes, 
that  prince,  at  the  soKcitatiod  of  the  deputies  of 
the  states  of  SoStland,  gave  a  breviate,  oS  which  the 
original  is  extant,  signed  by  the  king^s  own  hand, 
bearing  date  June  28,  1558,  whereby  his  majesty 
promises  that  he  shall  not  allow  any  person  to  en- 
ter there,  who  is  not  a  gentleman  of  the  said  nation 
•f  Scotland,  tmd  sprung  from  a  good  family,  &a  * 

This  regulation  did  not  hinder  afterwards  others 
than  Scots  from  being  sometimes  admitted,  as  ap- 
pears by  the  remonstrances  made  upon  that  sub- 
ject, 4rom  time  to  time,  by  the  queen-mother,  and 
her  son  James  VI.  and  by  the  privy  counal  of 
Scotland,  in  the  roll  of  the  year  1599,  given  in  by 
the  captain  of  the  Scots  guards  to  the  chamber  of 
accounts.  Three  fourths  of  the  yeomen,  as  well  of 
the  body  as  of  the  sleeve,  were  still,  however,  Scots. 

*  Mem.  Scot  torn.  1,  p.  VS. 


It  was  but  afterwards,  and  by  degrees,  that  this 
company  became  filled  with  French^  to  the  exelu«- 
sion  of  Scotsmen :  so  that  at  last  there  remained  no 
more  than  the  name,  and  the  answer,  when  called, 
I  am  HERE* 


The  first  letters  known  of  naturalization  to  the 
Scots,  were  granted  by  King  Lewis  XII.  at  the 
instance  of  Andrew  Foreman,  Bishop  of  Moray  in 
Scotland,  and  Archbishop  of  Bourges.  They  were 
given  at  Amiens  in  the  month  of  September,  1513* 
A  copy  will  be  found  in  the  sequeL 

In  1547,  Henry  II.  granted  letters  of  naturaliza* 
tion  to  the  ^  Scots  guards  in  particular,  given  at 
Fontainebleaujn  the  month  of  November,  ld46>at 
the  exchequerwchamber,  on  the  12th  of  February. 

The  same  King  Henry  II.  granted  new  letters* 
patents  of  naturalization  for  all  Scotsmen,  at  the 
instance  of  James  Bethune,  Archbishop  of  Glas- 
gow, and  other  deputies  of  the  states  df  Scotland, 
for  the  marriage  di  Queen  Mary  and  the  Dauphin. 
The  letters  are  given  at  Villiers-couterets,  in  June, 
15589  registered,  with  some  modifications)  in^lia  .^ 
parliament  of  Paris  July  the  1 1th,  at  the  exchequex^ 
chamber  the  13th  of  July,  and  in  the  grand  council 
the  19th  of  the  said  month  of  July.  The  copy 
here  afterwards  inserted,  was  made  from  an  authen- 
tic duplicate  signed  by  the  hand  of  Mr  Du  Tillet, 


84  XXX0U8  Of  THS  AlUAIfOS 

derk  of  puduinBent.    The  charter  is  also  printed  in 
the  Scots  aetB  of  porfiameiit. 
'  King  Henry  IV.  confirmed,  at  the  iaatanoe  of 
the  same  James  Bethune»  ArdiUshcqp  of  Glasgow, 
ambassador  from  Scotlimd,  the  right  of  naturaliza- 
tion to  all  Scots,  by  his  letters-patents,  given  at 
Fontainebleau  in  the  month  of  March,  1599,  regis- 
tered in  the  parliament  of  Paris,  with  some  modi- 
fications, the  31st  of  July,  in  the  said  year*     The 
<^opy,  to  be  found  in  the  sequel,  is  done  from  a 
copy  collated  before  notaries. 

In  1612«  the  same  privileges  were  confirmed  to 
the  Scots  by  King  Lewis  XIII.  in  his  lettenhpa* 
tents,  given  at  Paris  'm  the  month  of  October,  1612, 
registered  in  parliament,  with  some  modificaticms, 
December  15th,  axid  in  the  treasury-books  the  SOdi 
of  the  said  month. 

The  copy  we  shall  afterwards  give  is  taken  from 
a  copy  collated  before  notaries. 

It  appears  also  by  an  ad  of  Lewis  XIV.^s  coun- 
cil of  state,  that  his  majesty  had  confirmed  the  an- 
ient jNrivilqnes  of  the  Scots  since  his  accession  to 
the  crown,  and,  in  consequence,  he  i^scharged 
them  of  the  taxes  imposed  upon  foreigners. 

This  act  was  issued,  at  Fcmtainebleau,  the  19th 
of  September,  164f6.     A  cc^y  of  it  will  be  found 

♦» W*«  *^"^'' 




1.  Letters-patents  of  King  Francis  I.  contain- 
ing the  privileges  of  the.  Scottish  merchants^  given 
at  Amboise  in  the  month  of  May,  1518. 

2. .  Lettersrpatents  of  King  Henry  II.  to  con^ 
firm  the.  same  privileges^  given  at  Paris  the  3d  of 
February,  1664. 

Confirmation  of  the  privileges  -by  King  Henry 
IV.  in  his  letters-patents  given  at  Fontainebleau 
in  the  month  of  March,  1699.  This  copy  is  done 
from  j9l  copy  collated  with  the  original  in  parch- 

Letters  of  general  naturalization  for  the  whole 
Scottish  nation  in  France,  by  King  Lewis  XII.  in 

L^vis,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  France, 
Be  it  known  to  all  present  and  tx)  come,  that  aSf 
in  all  time,  and  antiquity,  between  the  kings  of 
Fiance  and  Scotland,  and  the  princes  and  subjects 
of  the  two  kii^oms,  a  most  strict  friendship,  con- 
federacy, and  perpetual  alliance,  have  subsist€||} 
and  by  these  are  both  the  kings  bound  to  succoqr 
each  other,. towards  and  against  all,  and  so  against 
their  ancient  enemies  the  English,  wh^ch  they  have 
done  several  times ;  and,  latterly,  during  the  life 
our  late  most  dear  lord  and  cousin  King  Charles 
VII.  (whom  God  absolve,)  several  princes  of  the 

26  MEIIOIBS  0^  tdfe  ALLIAKCS 

said  kingdom  of  Scotland,  with  a  great  number  of 
the  8ud  nation,  came  crver  to  h^p  to  cast  and  ex- 
pel forth  of  the  kingdom  the  English,  who  held 
and  occupied  great  part  thereof;  which  friends  ex- 
posed their  persons  so  valourously  against  the 
English,  that  they  were  driven  out,  and  the  said 
kii^om  reduced  unto  his  obedience ;  since  which 
reduction,  and  for  the  service  they  did  him  upon 
that  occasion,  thi  great  loydty  and  tirtue  he  found 
in  them,  he  select^  two  hundred  of  them  for  the 
giiard  of  his  person,  of  whom  he  mad(B  aH  hundred 
men  at  arms,  and  an  hundred  lifeguard*men ;  and 
the  sud  hundred  men  at  arms  are  the  hundred 
lances  ofour  ancient  ordinances ;  and  the  lifeguard- 
men  are  those  of  our  guard,  who  still  are  neitr  and 
about  our  person.  And  forasmuch  as  our  beloved 
and  trusty  counsellor  the  Archbishop  of  Bourges, 
Bishop  of  Moray,  now  ambassador  with  us,  from 
our  most  deiir  and  moi^  beloved  brother,  connn, 
and  ally,  the  King  of  Scotland  still  reigning,  and 
our  beloved  and  trusty  counsellor  and  chamber** 
lain.  Sir  Robert  Stewart  Lord  of  Aub%ny,  Cap- 
tain of  our  Scottish  guard,  and  of  the  hundred 
l&nces  of  our  said  ancient  ordinances  of  the  said 
nation,  have  remonstrated  to  us  how  much  it  hath 
been  always  desired,  that  the  Scots,  when  called  to 
our  said  kingdom  of  France,  and  our  suljeets  who 
might  go  to  live  in  that  of  Scotland,  or  might  de- 
cease  there,  on  the  account  of  trade  or  otherwise, 
should  be  enabled  to  testate  and  dispose  of  their 
effects  to  their  respective  heirs,  and  s6  indeed  hath 
this  been  hitherto  observed  in  the  said  kingdom  of 
ScotUnd:  lur  to  our  subjects,  however,  those  of 

the  md  OAtiqii  of  Scc^land  are  obliged»  9»  well 
4uch  119  are  in  our  seprice  of  our  said  guards  as 
men  at  anoa*  and  others  whatsoever  of  that  nation 
who  axe  on  this  ade^  to  take  out  particukr  letters 
of  naturalization^  and  leave  to  testate  and  dispose 
of  their  effects,  which  they  must  have  verified  in 
our  exchequer-chamber  at  Pam^  by  our  commis- 
sioners of  the  treasury  of  France,  and  other  our 
ofl^cerp,  with  givat  pain  and  labours  otherwise  their 
wive%  children,  or  heirs,  would  be  fruatrat^  of 
their  effects^  and  we  make  gifts  of  them  as  of  foreign 
prpperty,  to  their  great  grievance^  prejudice,  and 
•damage:  requiring  us,  by  the  said  ambassadors 
and  the  Sieur  d^Aubigny,  that  having  thi$  in  re- 
.gardj  as  well  as  the  perpetual  fellowship,  cop-* 
(^erafjs  apd  alliance^  between  us  and  the  said 
king  of  Scotland^  qui;  kingdoms  and  subjects, 
ariucu  M&tb  b^n  htfUy  cppSrm^d  and  sworn,  ogr 
pleasiir^  may  be  to  grant  general  letters  to  all  those 
of  the  said  natipn,  and  thereby  to  declare,  that  ife 
holdf  deem»  and  nepute  (hem  in  all  things  as  true 
and  original  natiyes  of  our  said  kingdom,  and  fully 
imppwered  tp  testate  and  dispose  of  their  e£Pects ; 
as  also  that)  in  <M9  of  their  dying  intestate,  their 
duldren  and  other  hmrs  may  su^eed  them,  and  be 
enabled  tp  hoU  all  estate  offices,  benefices,  as  any 
crth^s  in  ovr  siud  kingdom,  and  hereupon  to  im- 
part unto  them  our  grace. 

Whereby  we,  the  abovesaid  things  considered, 
and  the  good  and  indissoluble  fellowship^  confiedera- 
ay  and  perpetual  alliance  which  hath  always  sub- 
aisled,  and  doth  still  subsist  between  us  and  the 
said  kings  of  Sffltkindg  our  respective  kingdoms 

/  ' 


and  subjects,  inviolably  to  be  kept  and  observed^ 
baring  regard  to  the  signal  services  which  the  said 
kings  of  Scotland  have  heretofore  done  to  our  said 
predecessors,  in  the  expuldon  of  our  said  enemies, 
to  the  great  lojalty  and  fidelity  which  hath  been 
always  and  invariably  found  in  them,  and  those  of 
their  said  nation,  towards  us,  and  particularly  to 
the  most  signal,  laudable  and  commendable  service 
which  our  said  good  brother,  counn  and  ally,  tfae 
present  king  of  Scotland,  is  actually  doing  us,  as  it 
is  notorious,  that,  in  pursuance  of  Our  said  friend- 
ship, fellowship,  confederacy  and  alliance,  he  hath 
voluntarily  declared  for  us  agunst  the  king  of 
England  his  brother-in-law,  who  is  at  present  in 
our  said  kingdom ;  and,  moreover,  hath  .sent  us 
succours  and  arms  by  sea,  of  great  numbers  of 
ships  and  men  of  war,  which  is  so  timely  a  tervice, 
as  well  requires  that  his  subjects  be  for  ever  re- 
commended and  favoured  in  our  said  kingdom. 
For  these,  and  other  just  and  reasonable  causes 
thereunto  us  moving,  we  have  resolved  to  declare 
and  ordain,  and  j  by  the  tenor  of  these  presents,  do 
will,  declare,  ordain,  and  please,  from  our  own 
knowledge,  proper  motion,  special  grace,  full  power 
and  royal  authority,  that  henceforth,  perpetually, 
and  for  ever,  all  those  of  the  sud  kingdom  of  Scot- 
land, who  shall  reside,  or  come  to  reside,  and  shall 
hereafter  decease  in  our  said  kingdoms,  countries 
and  seignories,  of  what  station  soever  they  be, 
or  supposing  they  should  be  neither  residents  nor 
inhabitants  in  our  sidd  kingdom,  countries  and 
seignories,  they  shall  be  capable  of  acquiring  there^ 
in  all  estates,  seignories  andpossesmns  which  they 

Utey  lairfufiy  acqmre ;  and  ^thett,  together  wkh 
lAc»8e  wliieh  they  may  have  already  aoqciired^  to 
testate  and  diflpose,  by  testamettt  and  order  of  latter<i> 
inU)  living  donation)  or  otherwise,  at  their  will  and 
pleaaure ;  tfnd  that  their  wives  and  children^  if 
tfaeyhav^  any,  or  other  their  heirs,  in  what  place 
soever  they  be  residing,  whether  in  our  kingdom, 
nrelsewheie,  may,  by  testament  or  otherwise^  take 
and  inherit  their  estates  and  sueeessions,  as  if  they 
weiDe  na^ves  of  our  said  kingdom :  and  to  those  of 
the  said  natkm^  disposed  to  the  church,* shall  be 
apen  all  benefioss  and  dignities  seeuhnr  or  regular^ 
with  whieh  they  may  be  justly  and  canonically 
invested,  by  titles,  collations^  or  {Hrovirions^  (not 
diepcgating  from  the  holy  decrees  of  Basle,  the 
pragmatic  sanction,  and  the  privileges  of  the  Gralli- 
ttan  church,)  and  they  shall,  in  like  manner*  be 
aUe  to  dispose  of  their  said  property,  as  said  is ; 
and  that  in  all  things  those  of  the  said  nation  be 
treated,  favoured,  held,  deemed,  and  reputed,  for , 
ever,  as  true  originals  of  our  siud  kingdom  :  and 
to  this  end  we  have  enabled,  and  do  enable  them, 
we  have  dispensed,  and  do  dispense  our  grace,  by 
these  said  presents,  and  that  without  their  being 
obliged,  fof  the  abovesaid  things,  either  now  or 
liereafter.  Intake  out  particular  letters  ofnatu* 
laiiaation,  and  leave  to  testate,  other  than  these 
presents,  nor  therefore  to  pay  us  any  finances, 
which  finances  we  have  given  and  discharged,  and 
do  give  and  discharge  them  afowt  said  grace,  by 
these  said  presents  signed  under  our  hand,  to  what* 
ever  value  they  do  or  may  amount :  prorided  aU 
ways  that  the  said  king  of  Scotland,  and  his  sue- 

90  MXK<«B8   OF  THS  AUIAM€*E 

CQSsors^  shall  grant  and  allow  audi  and^like  prifi- 
leges  to  our  subjects  in  their  said  kingdoms  And 
that  this  they  may  enjoy  in  foim  and  manner  as 
above,  we  do  therefore  give  command,  by  these 
same  presents,  to  our  beloved  and  trusty  the  mem<- 
bers  of  our  courts  of  parliament  at  Parb,  bailiffs^ 
seneschals,  and  provosts  of  our  kii^om,  and  to 
all  our  other  justiciaries  and  officers,  and  to  their 
substitutes,  present  and  to  come,  to  each  and  every 
one  of  them,  that  our  present  graces,  privileges^ 
ordinances,  edicts,  declarations  and  vouchsafeaaenty 
they  cause,  suffer,  and  allow,  those  of  the  said  na- 
tion of  Scotland,  plenarily  and  peaceably,  as  afore- 
said, to  enjoy  and  use ;  ceasing,  or  causing  to  cease 
all  lets  and  binderances  that  may  be  made,  given  or 
offered  to  the  oontrasy  whatsoever.  For  such  ia 
our  pleasure.  Notwithstanding  that  the  said  finan- 
ces of  the  said  letters  (^naturalization  are  notheve 
declared*  let  no  dischai^  be  levied  by  the  cashier 
of  our  treasgry^  any  (Hrdtnanoes, .  restrictions,  com* 
ma^ds  or  prohibitions  whatsoever  to. the  contrary 
notwithstanding.  And  whereas  there  may  be  oc- 
casion for  these  presents  in  •  divers  and  several 
places,  it  is  our  will,  that,  upon  sight  thereof,  un- 
der the  seal  royal,  credit  be  ^ven  as  to  this  present 
original;  wh^reuntOy  that  it  may  be  a  deed  sure' 
and  stable,  for  ever,  we  have  caused  our  seal  to  be 
affixed,  saving  in  all-  else  our  right,  and  that  of 
others  in  dl.  Given  at  Amiens,  in  the  month  Sep* 
tembfr,  of  the  year  one  thousand  five  hundred  and 
thirteen,  and  of  our  reign  the  thirteenth.  Signed. 
Lswis*  And  upon  the  fold,  .by  the  king,  the  Caiw 
dinal  de  Frie*  the  Bishop  of  Paris,  Mr.-  Pierre  d^ 


la  V^riMide  master  of  the  ordKaary  requests  *  of 
the  household,  ttod  by  others  present.  Signed 
Gedoyn,  and*  sealed  with  a  great  seal  of  green 
wax,  pendant  to  a  string  of  red  and  green  silk* 

LeUen^paienia  ofKvi^  Henry  II.  amiaimiig  thepri" 
vileges  t^the  ScaU  in  France^  in  the  year  1658. 

HsMar,  by  the  grace  of  Gk>d,  King  of  France, 
imto  all  present  and  to  come,  greeting. 

Whereas,  nnce  the*  marriage  heretofore  pro- 
posed between  our  most  dear  and  most  belored 
son  Ae  Kii^  Dauphin,  and  bur  most  dear  and  most 
beloved  daughter  the  Queen  of  Scotland  Dauphi* 
ness,  his  consort,  contracted,  concluded,  and  con* 
firmed,  the  deputies  of  the  states  of  the  said  king« 
dom  have,  for  and  in  the  name  of  the  said  states, 
taken  to  our  said  son  the:oalh  of  fiddity,  as  to  their 
true  and  natural  lord,  which  he  is;  in  virtue 
whareof,  being  subjects  of  both  kingdoms,  (which 
have  hitherto,  and  of  a  long  time,  cultivated  a 
social  oommunicataon,  lived  in  mutual  ftiendship 
and  inteU^noe^  favoured  and  assisted  each  other) 
by  the  .union  of  the  houses  of  France  and  Scotland, 
so  dosely  connected  that  we  esteem  them  as  one 
and  the  same^and  desire,  for  this  cause,  the  better 
to  establish,  entertain,  and  invigorate  this  friends 
ship  between  our  said  subjects,  and  those  of  the 
Sttd  kingdom  of  Scotknd,  and  to  give  the  said 
inhabitants  of  the  ktter  kingdom  the  more  oppoc^ 
tuaity  of  visiting  their  king  and  queen,  when  they. 

«  *  Atasbeiiiigneiiiy  totheEoglidioouitofOreeiick)^     ' 


shall  be  on  this  side,  of  residing  near  then,  attend- 
ing and  serving  them,  as  to  gocMl  and  fiuthful  sub- 
jcets  bdoings,  to  indulge  and  favour  them  inth  die 
graces  and  privileges  whieh  our  own  proper  anb- 
jects  enjoy :  be  it  known  that  we,  these  things  con- 
sidered, and  tar  several  other  great  and  reasondble 
causes  thereunto  us  moving,  have  to  all  the  inha- 
bitants of  the  sidd  kingdom  of  Scotland,  subjects 
of  our  said  son  the  King  Danpbin,  and  of  our  said 
daughter  his  consort,    permitted,   grafted,  and 
vouchsafed,  and  do,  by  these  presents,  permit, 
grant,  and  vouchsafe,  that  they  may  at  their  ease^ 
as  oft  ai  to  them  shall  seem  good^  come,  inhabit^ 
and  abide  in  thb  our  kingdom,  and  tiiermn  accept^ 
hold,  and  possess  all  and  every  the  benefices,  d^ 
nitifis,  and  offices  ecclesiastical,  with  which  they 
be  justly  and  eanonically  invested  by  due 
title,  not  delegating  ftom  the  holy  decrees,  ocm- 
oordates,  privileges,  franchises,  and  liberties  of  the 
Galilean  diurch,  and  thereof  to  take  and  seiae 
possesnon  and  enjoyment,  and  to  map  and  receive 
die  finuts,  profits,  and  revenues,  unto  what  sum 
soever  they  do  or  may  amount :  and,  moreover^  to 
acquire  in  this  kingdom,  country,  lands,  and  seig* 
nories  in  our  allegiance,  all  imd  every  of  the  estates, 
moveable  and  immoveable,  which  they  shall  see 
meet,  to  have  and  to  hold  them,  together  with 
such  as  may  devolve,  redound,  and  belong  to  them, 
whether  by  succession*  donation,  or  otherwise,  and 
to  order  and  dispose  of  them  by  testament,  settle- 
ment  of  latter  will,  living  donation,  or  in  what 
other  manner  soever.     And  that  their  heirs,  or 
others  to  whom  they  shall  have  disposed  of  them, 


may  be  able  to  succeed  to  them,  to  take  and  seise 
possesion  and  enjoyment  of  their  said  estates,  just 
as  they  would  and  might  do  if  they  were  originally 
natives  of  our  said  kingdom  and  country,  without 
our  soHdtor-general,  or  other  our  oflScers  having 
power  henceforth  to  claim  the  estates  as  acquired 
to  us  by  right  of  escheat,  or  the  subjects  of  the 
said  kingdom  of  Scotland,  being  in  the  enjoyment 
of  those  estates,  brought  to  any  molestati<m  or 
trouble.  And  to  all,  as  above,  we  have  capaci- 
tated and  dispensed,  and  do,  by  these  presents, 
capacitate  and  dispense  them,  whether  they  have 
babituated  in  our  said  kingdom,^  country,  lands, 
and  seignories  of  our  obedience,  or  in  the  said 
kingdom  of  Scotland,  without  their  being  bound 
on  account  thereof  to  pay  unto  us,  or  our  succes- 
sors,  any  finance  or  indemnity  whatever ;  where- 
from,  unto  what  sum,  vatue,  and  estimation  soever 
it  doth  or  may  amount,  we  have,  in  connderation 
of  the  above*  acquitted  and  discharged,  and  do 
hereby  acquit  and  discharge  them,  and  thereof^  in 
fkVour  of  our  said  daughter,  have  made,  and  do 
make  a  pfft,  by  these  presents  under  our  hand ; 
upon  condition,  that  if,  by  reason  of  the  said  bene- 
fices; any  law-suit  should  be  raised,  they  shall 
cause  none  of  our  subjects  to  be  brought  or  con- 
vened, except  bef<nre  such  of  our  judges  unto 
whom  the  cognisance  shall  belong.  We  do  there- 
fore give  in  command,  by  these  same  presents, 
unto  our  bebved  and  trusty  the  persons  holding 
our  courts  of  parliament,  great  council  and  ex- 
cbe^er  at  PariSf  and  to  all  those  our  bailif&y 
•enefchals,  provosts,  and  other  our  justiciaries,  or 

Stf  '  MSHOIRS  OF  THE  ALttA)¥C£     .  I 

their  di^uties,  present  and  to  CQinp,  and  to  ever^  j 
one  whom  it  may  conoeniy  that  our  present  grace» ! 
Ijeave,  UceDce>  and  permission^  and  aU  contained  in  ' 
these  said  presents^  they  make>  suffer,  and  allow 
the  said  subjects  and  inhabitants  of  the  said  king-  , 
dom  of  Scotland,  plenarily  and  peaceably  to  enjoy 
and  use ;  ceasing  and  causing  to  cease  all  lets  and 
hindrances  to  the  contrary  whatsoever.  Fw  such 
is  <mr  pleasure.  Notwithstanding  that  the  yalue 
of  the  said  finance  is  here  neither  spedfied  nor  de- 
dared,  that  such  ^fts  we  have  been  wont  to  make 
only  for  the  half  or  third  of  the  regulations  by  us 
or  our  predecessors  made  in  the  order  and  distvi- 
bulion  of  our  financesy  and  even  that  of  the  month 
of  December  last,  wherein  it  is  saidf  diat  all  gifU, 
benefits,  and  rewiurds  shall  be  paid  by  the  treasurer 
of  our  exchequer }  from  vhl9l)  if^  ^ve|  by  our 
full  power  and  royal  authority,  derogated,  and  do 
derogate,  and  in  the  derogatopies,  by  these  pre- 
sents, do  abide,  what  other  ordinances,  restrictions, 
commands,  and  prohibitions  soever  to  Uie  contrary 
notwithstanding.  And,  forasmuch  as  there  m^j 
be  occasion  for  these  presents  in  divers  and  several 
places,  we  will,  that,  upon  sight  thereof  made 
under  the  seal  royal,  or  duly  collated  by  one  of 
our  beloved  and  trusty  notaries  and  secretaries, 
credit  be  given  as  the  present  original;  where- 
UDto,  that  it  may  be  a  deed  firm  and  stable  for 
ever,  we  have  caused  our  seal  to  be  put  and  an- 
nexed ;  saving  in  all  else  our  right,  and  that  of 
others  in  all.  Given  at  Villiers-court^ets  in  the 
month  of  June  of  the  year  of  grace  que  thousand 

BCT#£!fci^  f  ItADdS  AKD  MOT&AKD.  36 

flfve  kiitid^  fiftjr*«igbt»  and.  of  bur  reign  the 

£idm^  of  tht  ngUters  of  the  parliamenJt  of  Paris* 

The    court  having   seen    the   king's   letters- 
patents,  in  form  of  charter,  given  at  VillterSiiOOil*- 
terets  in  the  month  of  June  last  past,  subscrihed 
by  the  hand  of  the  mA  lord,  and  on  the  fold  by 
the  king  de  TAubespine ;  fbr  the  whieb,  and  the 
clauses  therein  contained,  the  said  lord  vouchsafes, 
permits,  and  grants  unto  all  the  inhabitants  of  the 
sdid  'kingdom  of  Scotland,  subjects  of  the  King, 
Dauphin  of  France,  son  to  the  said  lord  the  king, 
lind  of  the  Queen  of  Scotland,  Dauphiness  his 
consort,  that  they  may  with  full  liberty  inhabity 
<!ome,  reside,  and  remain  in  this  Jcingdom,  and 
therein  hold  and   possess   benefices  and  offices 
ecclesiastical,  and  there  acquire  whatever  estate^ 
moveable  and  immoveable,  they  shall  see  meet,  as 
if  they  were  originally  natives  of  this  kingdom,  as 
ifi  more  fully  set  forth,  in  the  said  letters  of  the 
decree  of  the  said  court,  communicated  to  tba 
king's  solicitor-general ;  his  conclusions  thereupon, 
and  every  thing  considered,  the  said  court  hath 
ordained,  and  doth  ordain,  that  the  said  letters* 
patents  shall  be  read,  published,  recorded  in  the 
re^sters  of  this  court,  in  order  for  the  patentees  to 
enjoy  the  effect  hereof,  so  long  as  the  kingdom 
shall  be  in  the  obedience,  confederacy,  and  friend- 
ship of  the  king ;  provided  always  that  the  sub- 
jects of  this  kingdom  shall  be  capable,  as  such,  of 
enjojring  like  rights,  privileges,  goods,  lands,  and- 
possessions,  atid  of  holding  benefices  and  dignities 

S6.  MSMOims  C9  THK  MstlMXCm 

in  the  kingdoiD  of.  SootJand*  Dene  in  ptriifliiieDt 
the  eleventh  day  ol  July,  in  the  year  one  thovunod 
five  hundred  and  fifty-eight.  <<  Lecta,  similiter 
puUicata  et  registrata  in  camera  compulomm  do- 
mini  nostri  regis,  andito  procuratore  generali  prout 
in.registro,  IStii  Julii  anno  suprascripto.^  Signed, 
lie  Maitre. 

Bead,  pul^Ushed,  and  recorded  in  the  register 
of  the  king^s  great  council,  the  8olicitor<^eneral  of 
the  said  lord,  requiring  it  under  the  modifications 
contained  in  the  re^ster,  and  with  the .  proviso, 
.  that  the  draught  be  renewed  by  those  who  shall 
be  willing  to  avail  themselves  of  the  grant  oon« 
tinned  in  these  •  presents.  Done  at  Paris,  in  council, 
the' nineteenth  of  July,  one  thousand  five  hundred 
and  fifty-eight    Signed  Faure. 

In  consequence  of  these  lettws-patents,  and  this 
act  of  registration,  the  three  estates  of  Scotland  in 
parliament,  assembled,  in  the  month  of  November 
1558,  passed  an  act  for  naturalizing  and  granting 
the  same  privileges  to  all  the  French  in  Scotland ; 
and  a  copy  of  those  letters-patents  was  registered 
in  the  acts  of  the  parliament  of  Scotland. 

Lettera-pataUs  of  King  Henry  IV.  hearing  canfir" 
motion  of  the  priv^egea  of, the  Scots  in  France, 
in  the  year  IS99. 

Henat,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  France 
and  Navarre,  unto  all  present  and  to  come,  greets 

Whereas,  since  it  hath  pleased  Ood  to  call  us 
unto  the  sucession  of  this  crown,  we  have  had 

mme  «lt  bedrt  diM  to  maintain  the  alU* 
iaad  eorrespondcticeft  whidbi  we  found  thai 
tli6  Ungt  our  predeoesscNra  had  made  with  the 
priBOfs  and  potentate  of  Chriaiendom  for  the  pub- 
lie  wtel  of  o«r  IdngdoBi :  we  have  taken  espeoial 
care  of  the  ancient  eonfedetfaey  and  alliance  long 
ftnoe  omtXBCted  and  reU^ously  observed  between 
ottT  jMrcdecoMor  SiingSy  aod  the  Sji^  of  Seotlandf 
bt^mtsAiJui  aid  and  assjatance  wbieh  they  have 
(pilt^fiBtaMmsfa  other  upon  oecaaionB  that  have  offered 
for  the  good  of  (heir  respective  atate%  people  ttd 
aufc^eets ;  and  b^ng  that  we  have,  nuMreover)  a  par<» 
tioiilar  indination  to  love  our  moat  dear  and  most 
beloved  good  btocher  and  eousin  James  the  V  I.  of 
the  name  seiginng  over  the  said  eountry  of  Soot* 
landf  in  consideration  whereof,  desiring,  after  the 
jeauanple  of  our  other  kings  our  predecessors,  to 
jiMike  a|ypear  to  our  said  good  brother  and  cousin 
^e  said  Bang  of  Scotland,  that  the  ccmtinuanee  of 
Ilia  friendaliip  is  unto  us  dear  and  desiraUe,  and  to 
jndttlge  those  of  the  said  nation  with  every  instance 
frf*  good-will,  by  imparting  to  them  the  graces  and 
privileges  whereof  they  have  rendered  themselves 
worthy,  through  the  affection  and  fidelity  which 
they  have  borne  this  crown :  be  it  known,  thai;, 
for  Uie  considerations  abovesud,  and  of  our  special 
grace,  full  power  and  royal  authority,  we  have 
smd,  declared,  and  commanded,  and  do,  by  these 
presents,  say,  declare,  and  command^  it  is  our  will 
and  pleasure,  that  the  subjects  of  our  said  good 
brother  and  cousin  the  King  of  Scotland»  who  do 
uibabit,  or  shall  hereafter  reside  in  this  our  king- 
dom, be  capai»tated  to  accept,  hold,  and  possess 

39  MBM0IB8  09  THE  AlLlAIfCV 

all  and  every  the  benefices,  dignities,  and  eoelm- 
astical  offices  with  which  they  may  be  justly  and 
canonically  invested  by  suificient  title,  notbtag  de-* 
rogating  from  the  decrees  and  eonoOrdates,  privi- 
leges, franchises,  and  liberties  of  the  Ghdlican 
church,  thereof  to  take  and  seise  tbe  possesion 
and  enjoyment,  and  to  reap  and  reodtve  the  said 
fruits  and  revenues,  to  what  sums  soever  tbey  do 
or -may  amount.  And,  moreover,  to  acquire >  for 
the  future,  in  our  said  kingdom,  countries,  lands, 
and  seignories  of  our  siud  obedience,  all  and  every 
the  estates,  moveable  and  immoveable,  that  they 
shall  see  meet,  to  hold  and  possess  them,  together 
with  those  that  may  fall,  redound,  or  belong  to 
them,  whether  by  succession,  donation,  or  others* 
wise,  and  to  order  and  dispose  of  them  by  testa- 
ment, destination,  latter-will,  living  conveyance, 
or  in  what  manner  soever  i  and  that  their  heirs, 
or  others,  to  whom  they  shall  fall  ah  inteHutt  ot 
otherwise,  whether  they  be  residing  in  our  said 
kingdom,  or  whether  they  be  in  the  said  kingdom 
of  Scotland,  when  the  said  succession  or  donation 
shall  fall,  may  succeed  to  them,  take  and  seize 
possession  and  enjojrment  of  their  said  estates,  just 
as  they  would  or  might  do,  were  tbey  original  na- 
tives of  our  said  kingdom  and  country  ;  provided 
always,  that  they  who  shall  testate,  or  decease  in- 
testate, be  denizons ;  without  our  solicitor-general, 
'Or  other  our  officers,  having  any  power  to  claim 
their  said  estates  as  our  acquest  by  right  of  escheat, 
or  the  said  subjects  of  the  said  kingdom  of  Scot- 
land, meeting  in  the  enjoyment  of  such  estates 
with  any  sort  of  molestation ;  without  also  the  acts 


and  judgments  h«reU>fixre  passed  contrary  tb  the 
tenor  of  the  said^  preseats,  bang  able  for  the  future 
to  hinder  the  effect  hereof,  or  there  being  any  oc- 
casion for  the  subjects  of  the  country  of  Scotland 
to  obtain  any  other  dispensation. or  declaration 
than  these  presents ;   and,  as  above,   we  have 
endbkd  and  dispensed,  and  do,  by  these  presents, 
enable  and  dispense  them,  without  their  being 
oUiged,  oa  account  thereof,  to  pay  us,  or  our  suc-^ 
oessors,  any  finances  or  indemnity,  from  which, 
qnto  what  sum,  value,  or  estimation  soever  it  doth 
or may  amount,  we  have,  in  consideration  of  the 
above^  acquitted .  and  discharged,  and  do  acquit 
and  discharge  them,  by  these  presents,  signed  with 
our  own  hand ;  upon  cmidition,  that  if,  by  reason 
of  the  said  benefices  with  which  the  said  Scots 
may  be  provided,  there  arise  any  suit  or  conten- 
tlpn,  they  shall  not  cause  any  of  our  subjects  to  be 
btought  or  convened,  but  before  such  of  our  judges 
unto  w;hom  the  cognizance  shall  belong.    We  do 
therefore  g^ve  in  command,  to  our  beloved  and 
fiuthfulthe  persons  holding  our  court  of  parliament, 
great  council,  and  chamber  of  aocompts  at  Paris, 
tveasurers  geaend  of  France,  and  all  our  bailiffs, 
seneschals,  provosts,  and  other  our  justiciaries  and 
officers,  or  their  deputies,  present  and  to  come,  and 
unto  .every  one  of  them  as  it  shall  respectively 
oonoem  him,  that  our  present  grace,  leave,  licence, 
and  permission,  and  all  in  these  said  presents  con^ 
tained,  they  cause,  suffer,  and  allow  the  said  sub- 
jects and  inhabitants  of  the  said  kingdom  of  Scot* 
land  to:  enjoy  and  use,  plenarily  and  peaceably, 
eeasing  and  causing  to  cease  all  hinderances  and 

moleststioDt  to  the  eootnry  wfaaHotvw*  For  lif€lk 
t»  Mir  pkamre*  jtfotwithfltandiiig  AM  tbe  vahit 
t3t  the  wd  finance  is  net  there  sfpedfled  $kA  de» 
olered,  that  vudb  gifts  have  been  wont  tQ  be  made 
only  for  the  half»  or  the  third  ef  the  cordinanees  bj 
us,  or  «mr  pffedeoeasors^  issued  upon  the  ovder  ami 
distribution  of  oor  finanocs  ;  fveniplach  weiun^  of 
our  ftill  power  and  royal  authority ,  derogated^  md 
do  derogate,  and  fvom  the  dcfogateries  tberrin  <mh 
tained,  and  the  ordinaiwes^restriotiaiis^oonuanmdat 
saiklpiK>hil»tionstothecontraffy  whatsoemw*  Audi 
Ibrasmuoh  a»  these  presents  may  be  wanted  iadifero 
and  asveral  places^  it  is  onr  wiB,  tbsikf  vpon  sighl 
hereof  under  our  seal  royal,  or  duly  coUaitddy  credil 
be  giren  ae  to  the  pvssent  oripnal ;  uato  whicb^ 
that  it  nay  be  a  deed  firm  and  stable  for  evOTf 
wt^bave  eaosed  our  seal  to  be  affixed :  ssringin 
all  rise  our  f%ht^  and  diat  of  others  in  all.  Given 
at  Pomtainebleau  m  the  month  of  Maroh^  and  yeat 
of  grace  one  thousand  five  hundred  and  nineiy-nine^ 
Sittd  df  onr  reign  the  tenth.  Sgned  HmrBir*  And 
upon  the  fidd.  By  the  king  from  NeufVille^  dn  one 
ride  maOf  and  sealed  in  a  laoeof  red  and  green  silk, 
irith  the  great  seal  in  green  wax^  regiaftersd  in 
presence  of  the  king^s  8ol]citor«genenl ;  pMmded 
always  that  the  Soots,  wlio  are  not  deniaons,  shall 
have  no  power  to  succeed  those  who  shall  reside 
in  this  kingdom ;  and  the  said  Soots^  reridiag'  in 
this  kingdom,  shall  not  be  deprived  of  the  sasd 
letters  upon  quitting  the  said  residence.  At  Parian 
in  parfiament,  the  last  day  of  July,  one  thousand 
five  hundred  and  ninety-nine*  Signed  Du  TlUet* 
A  collated  extract  from  the  registers  asid  royal 


oidiiwiioesv^pitcred  in  parliament.  Signed  VoiBin^ 
with  a  paraph. 

Extract. of  the  records  of  parliament. 

/  Thi»  day  the  court  having  seen  the  letters  given 
at  JPontaineMeau  in  the  month  of  March  last,  signed 
HxNBT,  and  upon. the  foid^  from  Neufville,  and 
sealed  with  the  great  seal  in  green  waXf  in  a  lace 
of  red  and  green  silk,  whereby,  for  the  causes  there 
OBQtained,  the  said  lord /wills,  that  the  subjects  of 
the  King  of  Scotland,  who  inhabit-and  rende,  or 
sbaU  hereafter  inhabit  and  reside  in  this  kingdom, 
have  power  to. accept,  hold,  and  possess  all  and 
every  the  benefices,  dignities,  and  offices  ecclesias* 
tical  with  which  they  may  be  lawfully  invested, 
not  derogating  from  the  holy  decrees,  privileges, 
and  liberties  of  the  Gallican  church  ;  and,  more- 
over, in  this  said  kingdom,  to  acquire  all  and  every 
the  estates,  moveable  and  immoveable,  to  hold  and 
possess  them,  together  with  those  that  may  fall  and 
pertwn  to  them  whether  by  succesnon,  donation, 
or  otherwise ;  and  to  order  and  dispose  of  them  by 
testament,  settlement,  and  latter-will,  and  other- 
wise, in  what  manner  soever ;  and  that  their  rela- 
tions, and  others  to  whom  they  shall  have  disposed 
of  them,  and  to  whom  they  shall  fall  ab  inteatat^  or 
otherwise,  whether  they  be  resident  in  this  king-  - 
dcnn,  or  in  the  said  country  of  Scotland,  when  the 
said  donation  or  succession  shall  fall,  may  be  able 
to  succeed  to  them,  take  and  seize  the  enjoyment 
of  their  said  estates,  just  as  though  they  were  ori- 
^nally  natives  of  the  said  kingdom ;  provided  that 


the  tefUtov%  or  thoie  who  shall  ( 
be  denizons,  as  is  more  at  large  oontauied  ia  tfa« 
said  letters  and  condunons  of  the  king^s  soU^Unr- 
general.  The  matter  benig  taken  into  deliberation, 
the  said  court  hath  decreed  and  ordained»  Uuyt  the 
said  letters  shaU  be  here  v^pstered  in  pieseno^  of 
the  king's  soUcitxnr-geaenl^  without  the  Soota  who 
are  not  deniaona  haTiog  any  poNPer  to  snorted  to 
those  who  diaU  reside  in  this  kkigdom.  And  Am 
said  Scots  rending  kt  dns  kingdom  shall  not  be 
depriised  of  the  benefit  of  the  said  letters 

qmtting  the  said  rettdence.    IXme  in  pariuimeiit 

the  hat  day  of  July,  in  the  year  one  thousand  &▼• 
hundred  and  ninety-nine.  Signed  Voittn,  witb  tk 

iMen-paieaia  of  Lewia  JCIILto  emjfirm  the  prmri* 
kges  of  the  SeaU  in  Frtmee,  t«  theyear  1612. 

Lbwis,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  France 
and  Navnrre,  unto  all  present  and  to  come,  gvee^ 
ing*  Our  predecessor  kings,  even  the  late  King 
Henry  the  Great,  our  most  honoured  lord  and 
father,  (wjbom  Grod  absolve)  by  his  letters^fatents 
of  the  year  one  tbousaAd  five  hundred  and  ninety** 
nine,  verified  in  our  court  of  parliament  at  Paris, 
willed  and  commended,  for  several  we^;hty  con^* 
»deration6  therein  contained,  that  tbo^e  of  the 
Scotish  nation,  who  should  inhabit  and  reside  beve* 
after  in  this  our  kixigdom»  should  have  power  to 
accept,  bold,  and  possess  all  i^nd  every  die  bene* 
fices,  dignities,  and  offices  ecclesiastica],  with  which 
they  might  be  justly  invested,  to  take  the  posseis^ 


flioiiyftiiite  and  fcvemiaittf  ffaem,  to  aoqinre  in  the 
aaid  kiDgfkm*  oomtfjr,  and  Inaida,  and  ae%nories 
of  0im  ohfdiisiioe^  aU  eilates^  nioveable  andi  m* 
movttable^  to  havd  and  to  bold  dteni^  togetfaer  vMx 
tkoee  tbat  laigbt  faU  to  dian  fajr  testament^  deni* 
tioii,  or  otherwite,  just  aa  they  miglit  do^  wevedirjr 
diigiaal  natit^ea  of  oar  said  kingdom,  uprai  siidi 
€anditiaii%  and  an  suds  sort  as  is  more  at  length 
flat  lortband  specified lijr  the  said  kttdm  and  veii* 
fiGalieft  thereof.    Is  oafiBeqtieace whereof,  our  moat 
dear  a^d  wril  bekvrad  Wttliam  Morison^  a  Soot»- 
man,  SOB  to  Jofai  Moriaon  and  Eluiabeth  Gmjr, 
ako  SootSy.  his  &thar  and  mdthac,  resnieail,  during 
their  fife,  m  the  city  of  Grlasgoa^,  haring  iafterwarda. 
rat»Eed  feom  the  said  eoafflftrj,  and  dwek  tlfirty 
yeaca  in  our  allies  of  noueu  and  Dieppe,  hath 
caused  vaaal,  hmnbie  petition  and  request  to  ht 
made  iMtfo  ut,  t^  he  may  he  anabted  to  enjoy  the 
tenor  of  the  siud  kttets,  under  the  bmefit  and 
grace  of  vhiefa  be  hath  quitted  the  sud  oountry^ 
laa  ordet  to  live  and  die  in  thia  our  kii^;dom :  BE 
IT  KNOWN,  that,  willing  to  presenioe  and  auun* 
tain  the  sdbjecta  of  the  kingdom  of  Scotlaady  in 
the  fira»ehifiea,.pciTiiege8,  and  rtfaeriieaio>them'eon«- 
oaded  by  our  said  predeceesMMrs,  and,  after  thdr 
eaanqplle,  farourably  to  treat  them,  unto  this  same 
WiHiam-  Morisoo,  tot  these  and  other  causes  tbece^ 
unto  us  moving,  in  censetfuence  of  the  said  first 
letters,  the  oopy  whereof^  extracted  by  Ae  recorder 
of  our  said  court  of  parliaasenn  at  Pans^is  berean* 
nesad  under  the  great  aeal  ef  our  ohaaeery,  w^ 
ba^e  pcamitited  and  granted,  of  our  special  graces 
iiiU  pownr  and  Btt^al  a;|ithoiily,  we.  da  permit  and 


grant,  it  is  our  will  and  pteasure,  that,  oonfoiniably 
to  the  said  letters  and  Terifioatbns  thereof,  he  may 
resort  and  rende  in  this  our  kingdom,  country, 
lands,  and  seigiiories  of  our  obedience^  there  to 
acquire  all  and  every  such  estates,  moveable  and 
immoveable,  as  he  shall  see  meet,  to  hold- and  poa- 
ses8them,togetherwith  those  that  may  fallfredound, 
and  pertain  to  him,  whether  by  sucoessioD,  domi» 
tion,  or  otherwise;  and  to  order  and  dispose  of 
them  by  testament  and  destination  of  latter-irill, 
living  donation,  or  in  what  manner  soever:  and 
that  his  heirs,  or  others  to  whom  they  shall  iUl 
ab  tHUataif  or  otherwise,  whether  they  be  rendent 
'  in  our  said  kingdom,  or  whether  they  be  in  the 
said  country  of  Scotland,  when  the  said  eucoessioii 
or  donation  shall  fall,  may  be  able  to  succeed  to 
him,  to  take  and  seize  possession  and  enjoyment  of 
the  said  estates,  just  so  as  they  would  or  could  do, 
if  they  were  original  natives  of  our  said  kingdom 
and  country,  provided  they  shall  be  denizens ;  and 
that  without  our  solicitor-general,  or  other  our 
officers,  having  power  henceforth  to  claim  their 
said  estates  to  us  acquired  by  right  of  escheat ;  nor 
likewise  shall  any  thing,  done  to  the  contrary  of  the 
tenor  of  these  presents,  have  power  for  the  future 
to  hinder  the  effect  hereof,  or  shaU  there  be  any 
need  for  him  to  obtain  any  dispensation  or  declara- 
tion, other  than  these  presents ;  and  to  all,  as  above, 
we  have  enabled  and  dispensed,  and  do^  by  these 
said  presents,  enable  and  dispense  him,  without 
his  being  obliged,  on  account  thereof,  to  pay  unto 
us,  or  our  successors,  any  finance  or  indemnity; 
from  which,  unto  whatever  value  or  estimation  it 

dddk  or  may  amount^  we  have,  in  consideration 
theveof,  «8  abov%  aof^iaed  apfi  4i»^ai;g«d»  ao^ 
do,  by  these  presents,  acquit  and  discharge  him : 
iM  do  thei^fore  giv^  in  Qomxmn4»  to  om  belo^ved 
and  tvusty  eouociUavs  tb^  persouft  hgUUng  oui; 
ooiirts  ^  pwliaDieiMf  t09iii«ii8WQQep  ^f  our  ai^^ 
at  Pai^  wd  Rou^  tseaauirfars  geoeipl  of  Jranoej 
ml^tm'^ofd  Souwi  <)r  .4wi^.d9puti^  pr  tx^  eadi 
<^tbeii^i|]^tbekirigl»4 :4>€^melvie9'fi^  t^retpis^^ 
qw^y  and  to  ^U  Qtber  omi;  haiU0|i,  fPnescM^ 
iNRoyonUb  wd  <>t|ier  our  jtHstiiOiaidm  ap4  offica»,.oR 
tbeir  d^Mti^s^  prfD^iit.a^d  tQ  caM».a^d  to^cb 
of  tiHW  whoDft  H  sbaU  m^ap^velji  jiQiiq^]:^,  tocw^o 
thtio  pwaQUta  to.  be  ^^t^Mt  md  %k^  <tenoc 
tbeiooC  to  be  eijip^ed.  and)  ii$ed  pl^oimly  .md 
FotmaWy  bjFiib^  anid  WMUnn  ^^^U^n.  and  hiA 
iUMMDiai  eeamg  and  eanse  to  oeaqei  ril  mole^n 
talioii  and  hiqdemn$)es  to  the  contrary  whatsoever* 
For  fiici  tr  m$t  j^emurt.  ,  And  to  the  end  tiiat  it 
inoy  be  a  tbivg  firm  and  stable  for  ey^r,  we  haiE0 
eaiised  our  seal  to  be  put  to  these  said  pre^eptsi 
flttfing  in  all  olse  our  right,  apd  ]thal  of  others 
Giyen  at  Paris»  in  th^  s^ontb  of  October,  the  year 
of  grace  one  thousand  sisi  hundred  and  twelve,  and 
of  our  ra|^  the  tlpaid.  Signed  L^wis.  And 
eounterHUgoed  by  the  Cogy  the  Quec^i-regail  Ym 
molbfr  pveseat :  and  this  oar  copy,  sigoed  Po|i^ 
bs  parqib ;  on.  tlm.  side^  conlenta  signed  Poulsepin, 
in  paraphi  and  below  wa*  and  sealed  witb  tbf 
great  s«d  of  gsteii  wA  in  fiUet  <tf  red  and  grc^c^ 

40  3AXM0IE8  09  THX  ALtlAKCS 

Extract  of  the  regi$ters  of  the  pafUcamiaU  of  Paris. 

Registered  in  presence  of  the  king^s   soliin* 
tor-^general,  towards  the  patentee's  enjoying  the 
effect  and  tenor  hereof,  with  proviso  that  the  said 
patentee  shall  be  bound  to  obtain  and  pracnre,  fcnr 
the  siud  lord  paramount,  a  brief  from  our  holy 
father  the  Pope,  within  six  months  next  comings 
whereby  his  holiness  shall  grant,  that,  upon  the 
falling  of  any  vacancy  by  death,  rengnation^  or 
otherwise,  of  the  ben^ces  willi  which  he  may  be 
invested  in  this  kingdom  and  country,  being  in  the 
nomination  and  presentation  of  the  said  lord  paroi- 
mount,  there  shall  be  no  inyesthure  thereunto  by 
his  said  holiness,  without  the  nomination,  request 
or  conaent  of  the  said  lord  the  king ;  «ad,  tfiat  oti 
account  of  the  said  ben^ces,  he  shall  not  cause  ai^ 
of  the  king's  subjects  to  be  brought  or  coiivekied 
before  the  court  of  Bome»  so  if,  by  reason  llieredf, 
any  law-suit  commence,  he  shall  prosecute  them  in 
this  said  kingdom,  before  the  judges  to  whom  the 
pogniaance  shall  belong :  and,  mcMreover,  with  pro- 
viso that  the  patentee  shall  not  be  capable  of  being 
invested  with  any  bishopric,  arehUshopric,  or  abbey 
of  chief  order,  nor  other  vicarages,  in  form  of  tlMB 
said  benefices  with  which  he  may  be  invested  in 
this  kingdom  as  a  natural  subject  of  France/  At 
Paris,  in  parliament,  the  fifteenth  day  of  Deoendier, 
one  thousand  six  hundred  and  twelve.     Signed 
Dxk  Tillet ;  a  seal  and  paraph.     And,  upon-the 
siud  fold  is  also  wrote,  recorded  in  the  register  of 
the  treasury,  the  king's  solicitor-general  thereunto 


oansenting,  in  0rd«r  for  die  patentee  to  enjoy  the 
effect  and  tetior<  beraef^  upon  the  terms,  and  condi«> 
tions  set  forth  by  the  act  of  court.  Done  at  Paris, 
the  twentieth  of  December,  one  thousand^six  hun* 
dred  and  twelve.    Signed  L- Annier  m  panq^. 

Ad ^ King  Lewis  XIV! s amncUtfstate^  mfaoaur 
of  the  Seots  m  France. 

'  Whereas  it  hath  been  represented  to  the  King 
in  his  oounml,  the  Queen^regent  his  mother  pre* 
sent,  that,  in  the  year  seren  hundred  fourscore 
and  nine,  Charlemagne  rmgning  in  France,  and 
Achaitts  in  Scotland,  the  alliance  and  confederacy 
having  been  made  between  the  two  kingdoms, 
offensive  and  defensive,  of  crown  and  crown,  king 
and  king,  people  and  people,  as  is  set  forth  by  the 
charter  called  the  Golden  Bull,  it  should  have, 
until  this  present,  continued  widiout  any  inters 
ruption,  and  been  ratified  by  all  the  Kings  succes- 
sors of  the  said  Charlemagne,  with  advantages  and 
prerogatives  so  peculiar,  that  not  only  are  the  Scots 
in  capacity  of  acquiring  and  possessing  estates, 
moveable  and  irarooveaUe,  and  benefices  in  France, 
and  the  French  in  Scotland,  without  taking  out  any 
letters  of  naturalization ;  but  also  it  should  have 
been  granted  to  the  said  Scots,  to  pay  only  the 
fourth  part  of  the  duties  upon  all  goods  which 
they  transport  to  tiie  said  country  of  Scotland ;  a 
privilege  which  they  have  ever  enjoyed,  and  do 
enjoy  at  this  day :   that  even  whatever  rupture 
there  may  have  been  between  the  crowns  of  France 
and  England,  since  the  union  of  the  kingdom  of 


EhghBd  ^h  tluit  of  Soocknd,  the  Fraiidi  httre 
been  nevcrdwIeBs  still  treftled  by  the  Soote  as 
fiieods  and  confedenteB,  and  particnlarly  in  the 
y^BT  one  tboasand  six  hnndved  twentg^mx,  whM 
the .  Franch  in  Seothmd,  and  the  Seots  in  Franoei 
had  a  reciprocal  replevy  of  their  merchandiseSf 
wfafle  tboae  of  the  French  in  Enghmd^aid  thoie 
of  the  English  in  France  were  confiscated ;  and 
that  there  never  hath  been  made  any  difference  or 
disttndaon  in  tins  kingdoat,  betwieen  his  Mi^etty^s 
natural  snfajeets  and  thesuid  Soots :  wherafooe  the 
kte  King  of  happy  nemory^bavag^  by  his  dedar^- 
taon  in  the  month  of  Jnnaryy  one  thousand  six 
hundred  tbifty««nne,  commanded  that  taxes  shouU 
be  lind  upon  all  foreigners  of  his  said  kiis^om. 
Ins  Majesty  dmuU  bove^  by  an  act  of  bis  conoeil 
of  the  eleventh  of  May  in  the  said  yeai^  exempted 
and  discharged  $11  Scots  residing  therein^,  tiJieir 
children,  descendants^  and  heirsy  from  all  taxes 
kid^  or  to  be  Imd  upon  the  said  jbraguers.     In 
consequence  of  the  said  declacalion^  acts  and  rdk 
of  taxes  expeded  thereupon»  willing  tbat»  if  any 
Scot  bad  been  tb^re  oomptehended,  whether  in  the 
city  of  F»is,  or  in  others  of  this  kingdom,  they 
should  be  freed  without  difficulty  in  virtue  of  the 
sedd  acts;  the  said  letters  of  dedaration,  actsy  or 
ought  else,  to  the  contrary  notwithstanding.    In 
prejudice  whereof,  those  w^bo  have  raised  the  taxes 
ordained  to  be  laid  upon  all  foreigners  residing  in 
this  said  kingdom,  in  virtue  of  the  letters  of  de- 
daration  of  the  month  of  January  last,  bad  not 
forborn  to  comprdiend,  in  the  rolls  whiph  they 
caused  to  be  expeded  in  execution  thereof,  some 


iadmdttttls  of  theSeotttah  naAoa  amongst  otber 
famgsiter^  witktot  exptMsing  their  oountry  and 
qniiityi'Wliidb  being  alMdilteljr  contrary  to  the 
ioteDlion  of  his  Majesty,  who  wUls  and  means  to 
enteHain  iDviolabiy  the  said' confederacy  and  alli- 
mce  with  the  said  Soots,  and  to  umtntain  themin 
ail  tbevi^bts,  privikges^  and  prerogatives,  unto 
them  gfaated  by  l^e  kings  his  predecessors,  and 
which  be  hath  mtified  since  his  accession  to  the 
cmwn':  the  king  being  in  council,  die  queen-re- 
gent his  mother  present,  hath  discharged^  and  doth 
discharge,  aU  the  Scottish  gentlemen  residing  in  his 
said  kingdom,  from  the  tax  hiid  upon  them  in  qua- 
lity of  foreigners :  their  majesties  give  prohibition 
to  all  baihflb  and  sergeants  4o  constrain  them  on  ac- 
count thereof,  on  pmn  of  a  thousand  livres  of  fine, 
and  of'  all  costs,  damages,  and  interests.  And  for 
the  other  Scots,  bis  majesty  hath  superseded  pay- 
ment of  the  said  taxes  for  three  months,  during 
which  tiaie  bis  noajesty  prohibits  their  being  con- 
strained, if  th^re  -  is  not  some  private  stipulation 
made  by  them  to  the  contrary.  Done  in  the  king's 
council  of  state,  his  majesty  being  there,  and  the 
queen-regent  his  mother  present,  held  at  Fontaine- 
bleau,  the  nineteenth  of  September,  one  thousand 
six  hundred  and  forty-six«     Signed  Le  Tellier. 

Privileg€9  of  the  ScMish  merchants  trading  in  France^ 
granted  by  King  Francis  /•  in  1518. 

Fkamcis,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  France. 
Be  it  known  to  all  present  and  to  come,  that  we 
mean  to  treat  favourably  the  subjects  of  our  most 


dear  and  most  beloved  brcilbervPWsm^imd  ally, 
the  kiogroC  gootlandy  in  favour  ^  the  gce«t  and 
ancient  alUanoe  mhmting  between  w  aDd  bun*  and 
of  tbe  great  andxionimendable  fiemcea  i^hicb  diose 
of  tbe  Soottieh .  nation  bave  done  to  the.  cKown.of 
France:  for  tbese  causes,  and  in  order  jto give 
tbemgreater  oecasimi  to  persevere  tbereiif».and,fo(r 
otber  considerations  thereunto  m  moving,  in  totott 
also  of  our  inclination  to  the  Jteqiiiest  of  our  Huwrt 
dear  and  most  beloved  cousin  the  duke  of  Albany^ 
regent  and^  governor  of  Scotland,  we  have  all  imd 
every  the  Scottish  mer<^]aDt8,  who  are  and  shall  be 
hereafter  trading,  frequenting  and  conversing  ia 
this  odr  kingdom»  freed,  acquitted*  exiBitipted,  and 
do,  of  our  special  grace,  full  power  and  rojal  au- 
thority, free,  acquit,  and  exempt,  by  these  presents, 
signed  with  our  hand,  in  perpetuity  and  for  ever, 
from  the  new  impost  of  twelve  French  deniers  per 
livre,  raised  in  the  city  of  Dieppe  upon  foreign 
merchandise,  beride  the  sum  of  four  French  denieca 
per  livre,  which  hath  been  anciently  coll^t^  and 
raised  upon  the  said  foreign  merchandise.  We 
do  ther^ore  give  in  command,  by  these  same  pre- 
sents, to  our  beloved  and  trusty  the  commia^onera 
of  our  exchequers  and  treasurers  of  France,  and 
to  all  our  other  justiciaries  and  officers,  ior  to  their 
deputies  present  and  to  come,  and  to  every  one  of 
them,  so  as  it  shall  concern  him,  that  our  present 
grace,  immunity,  discharge,  and  exemption,  they 
cause,  suffer,  and  allow,  the  said  Scottish  mer- 
chants, and  their  successors,  whp  are  and  shaU  foe 
trading  ^  and  frequenting  in  our  said  kingdiom,  to 
enjoy  ^n4  iji^^.pleqarily  and  peaceably*  perpetu- 


aOy  aU  ibr  ever,  without  giving,  or  BoSknAg 
to  be  py^n  them,  any  manner  of  disturbance  or 
impediment ;  for  such  is  our  pleasure ;  whatsoever 
enactions,  restrictionsf  commands,  or  prohibitions 
t9  the  contrary  notwithstanding.  And  to  the  end 
Aat  this  be  a  deed  firm  and  stable  for  ^ver,  we 
have  caused  olir  seal  to  be  put  to  these  sdd  pre- 
soits,  saving  in  all  else  our  right,  and  that  of  others 
in  all.  Given  at  Amboise  in  the  month  of  May, 
and  year  of  grace,  one  thousand  five  hundred 
and  righteen,  and  of  our  reign  the  fourth. 

Privileges  of  the  Scottish  merehatUs  tnading  in  Frcaiee^ 
granted  fty  King  Henry  IL  in  1554. 

'  HsKair,  by  the  grabe  6f  God,  King  of  France, 
to  our  beloved  and  trusty  counsellors  the  persons 
holding  otirt  court  of  parliament  at  Rouen;-  the 
<Mnmissioiiers  of  dur  exchequer  at  Paris,  the  in* 
specters  general  of  our  finances  and  supplies,  port- 
masters  at  the  said  Rouen,  and  to  all  pur  other 
justiciaries  and  oiBcerSi  or  their  deputies,  whom  it 
shall  concern  greeting.  We  liberally  inclining  to 
the  request  which  hath  been  made  us  by  our  dearest 
and  most  beloved  daughter  the  queen  of  Scotland, 
for  her  subjects  in  the  said  country,  and  several 
other  considerations  thereunto  us  moving,  in  order 
to- remove  alt  the  difficulties  which  you  and  every 
one  of  you  might  make,  of  causing  the  subjects  of 
our  said  daughter  in  the  said  country  of  Scotland, 
to  enjoy  our  letters  of  exemption  and  ampliation 
here  annexed  under  our  counter-seal,  and  to  put  a 
final  end  thereunto,  we  have,  by  amplifying  and 


interpreting  the  same,  said,  declared  and  ordaine^^ 
and  do,  of  our  own  accord*  certain  knowledge^ 
qpecial  grace^  full  power,  and  royal  authority,  say^ 
declare  and  ordain,  that,  by  our  sidd  letters  here* 
unto  anne^ed^  as  said  is,  we  have  intended,^  and  do 
intend^  that  the  subjects  .  of  the.  said  country  of 
Scotland  shall  not  be  bound  to  pay  for  the  commo* 
dities.  which  they  shall  take  and  carry  out  of  our 
country  and  duchy  of  Normandy,  the  cities,  towns, 
and  havens  thereof,  whatsoever  they  bei  if  designed 
for  the  said  ooimtry  of  Scotland,  other  or  greater 
subsidies  and  duties  than  they  have  heretofore 
been  wont  to.  pay,  and  did. pay  in  our  city  of 
Dieppe,  at  the. time  of  the  edicts  by  us  issued  con- 
cerning the  collection  of  our  foreign  duties ;  and* 
so  long^as  trade  is,  or  shall  be,  we  have  exemj^^d* 
acquitted,  and  fireed  them»  and  do^  of  our  grace 
and  authority,  as  above,  exempt,  acquit,  and  free 
them  from  the  surplusage  of  the  said  duties,  imd 
uQto  what  sum  soever  they  may  amount,  over  and 
above  what  they  have  anciently  been  .wont  to  pay 
our. city  of  Dieppe,  although  they  be  not  above 
specified  by  these  said  presents ;  whereby  we  com- 
mand you,  and  every  one  of  you  ]'e8|)ectively,  aa 
it  shall  concern  him,  we  give  commission  and  ex- 
press injunction  to  cause  these  our  said  letters  and 
presents  to  be  read,  published  and  registered,  and 
the  contents  thereof,  our  said^ daughter's  subjects, 
plenarily  and  peaceably  to  enjoy,  without,  on  occa- 
sion of  our  said  edicts,  causing,  or  suffering  to  be 
caused,  made,  or  given  them  any  molestation,  dis- 
turbance, or  impediment,  to  the  contrary  whatso- 
ever ;  according  to  what,  by  our  said  letters  here 


annexed)  as  said  is,  you  are  commaDded  to  ol> 
serve;  for  such  is  ovir  pleasure ;  notwubstanding 
the  said  edi<:ls,  by  us  and  our  predecessors  made 
about  the  receipt  of  the  said  duties,  from  which, 
this  purpose^  and  without  prejudidng  them  in  other 
respects,  we  have  derogated,  and  do  derogate,  and 
from  thence  exempted,  and  do  exempt  the  said 
subjects  of  Scotland,  by  these  said  presents,  which 
to  this  end  we  have  signed  with  our  hand.  Given 
Ht  Paris,  the  tMrd  day  of  February ^  in  the  year  of 
grace  one  thousand  five  hundred  and  fifty-two,  and 
of  our  reign  the  eighth. 

Ratified  and  approved  wherever  it  hath  been 

jConfirmatian  ^ftke  privileges  of  the  Scottish  merchants 
trading  in  France,  granted  by  King  Henry  IV. 

Hevby,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  France 
and  Navarre,  unto  all  present  and  to  come,  greet* 
ii^.  Whereas  the  late  King  Frauds  I.  our  most 
honoured  we  and  grandfather,  by  his  letters-pa- 
tents, in  charter-form,  of  the  month  of  May  one 
thousand  fiv6  hundred  and  eighteeUj  desiring,  for 
several  good  considerations,  well  and  favourably  to 
treat  the  subjects  of  the  kingdom  of  Scotland,  in 
favour  of  the  great  and  ancient  friendship  and  al« 
liimce  which  subsii^ed  between  the  two  kingdoms, 
and  of  the  great  and  commendable  services  which 
those  of  the  Scottish  nation  bad  done  to  the  crown 
of  France,  should  have  freed,  quitted  and  exemp*- 
tcd  all  the  Scottish  merchants,  trading,  frequent- 
•       3. 


ing  and  dealing  in  this  kingdom,  from  the  foreiga 
impost  of  twelve  French  deniers  for  each  livre»  then 
raised  in  our  city  of  Dieppe  uf&a  merchandiaey 
besides  four  French  deniers  for  each  pound  of  an* 
cient  foreign  demesne  :  and  since,  upon  the  oom* 
plaint  that  the  said  Scottish  merchants  biul  made 
to  the  late  King  Henry  II.  our  most  honoured 
sire  and  father,  (whom  Grod  absolve,)  that,  under 
pretext  of  a  new  edict  upon  foreign  duties^  U^ 
officers  thereof  in  our  city  of  Rouen  had'oon- 
strfuned  them  to  pay  twenty  deniers  a  livre  for  the 
new  foreign  impost,  he  should  have,  by  other  let- 
ters-patents in  charter-fonn,  of  the  month  of  Oc- 
tober, in  the  year  one  thousand  five  hundred 
fifty-four,  by  amplifying  the  said  first  exemption, 
ordained  that  the  said  Scottish  merchants  should 
not  be  obliged  to  pay,  on  account  of  the  commodi- 
ties which  they  should  bring  and  carry  out  of  our 
said  country  of  Normandy,  or  any  towns  whatso- 
ever thereof,  designed  for  the  said  country  of  Soot- 
land,  any  other  duties  and  subsidies  than  they  had 
been  of  old  wont  to  do,  and  did  at  the  time  of  issu- 
ing the  said  new  edicts  made  concerning  the  re- 
ceipt of  fordgn  duties  and  demesnes ;  as  is  con- 
tained more  at  large  in  the  said  letters  verified 
where  need  hath  been  :  and  also,  by  oiher  letters- 
patents,  he  should  have  declared  to  have  meant, 
that  the  subjects  of  the  said  country  of  Scotland 
should  not  be  bound  to  pay  for  the  goods  they 
should  bring  and  carry  out  of  our  said  country  of 
Normandy,  cities,  towns,  and  harbours  thereof,  de- 
signed fi^r  the  said  country  of  Scotland,  other  or 
crater  subsidies  and  duties  than  they  had  befoie 

been  wont  tofwy,  and  did  pay  in  our  city  of  Dieppe, 

at  the  time  of  the  edicts  by  us  made  relating  to 

the  receipt  of  our  duties  of  fordgn  impost    But 

i»liereas»  iOn  oooa^on  of  the.  troubles  which  have 

prevailed  in  diis  kingdom,  especially  within  these 

ten  or  twelve  years  past,  things  haire  been  so  alter* 

ed,  and  the  priyyeges  of  the  Soottidi  merchants 

so  enervated,  that,  if  we  weve  not  pleased  to  con«» 

tiflLiie  andi  cQaSrm.tiie  same  to  them,  .they  feared 

therein.  t6  find  obstacles  and  difficulties  which 

might  d^orive  them  of  the  bene&:  of  the  grace  that 

hath  been  unto  them  granted  tad  continued  by  the 

sidd  lungs  our  pcedecessors :  be  it  known,  that  we 

desire  no  less  favourably  to  treat  the  said  Scottish 

merchants,  than  the  said  kings  our  predecessors 

have  done,  as  well  in  consequence  of  the  ancient 

alliance  and  confederacy  which  subsists  between 

this  kingdom  and  that  of  Scodand,  as  for  the 

friendship  and  good  correspondence  which  sub* 

sifiteth  betw'een  us  £ind  the  king  c^  Scotland,  James 

VI.  of  tbe  nan^e,  ow  mo^t  dear  and  most:  beloved 

good  brother  and  cpusin^  now  reigning  in  the  said 

country ;  we  have,  of  our  special  grace,  fuU.  power 

and  royal  autboiity,  said,  declared,  and  ordained, 

do,  l^  these  presents,  say,  declare,  and  ordain,  it 

is  our  wjill  and  pleasure,  that  the, said.  Scottish 

merchants,  trading,  frequenting,  and  Gonvenung» 

in  this  our  sdid  kingdom,  enjoy  for  the  future,»in 

our  whole  said  country  and  duchy  of  Normandy, 

the  same  franchises,  juivileges, .  and  immunities, 

from  foreign  customs  and  imposts,  and  after  the 

jsame  sprt  and  manner  that  they  enjoyed  them  in 

tbe  ^ays  of  tb^  Kings  Francis  and  Henry,  our 


most  honoured  graQd&ther  'and.  bi0iher4ii4cMRr, 
until  the  renewal  of  the  said  last  troublny  tthat^  liy 
the  injury  of:  the  times,  tfat^v  enjoyment  of  them- 
hath  been  impeded  :  tbm  which  franchisef,:  peaiv^i- 
leges  and  immuoittes,  for  the  con8ideratioo»ab097e«* 
said)  and  of  our  grace,  power,  and  authority,  as 
above,  we  have  confirmed,  and  do  confirm  to  thenri^ 
by  these  said  presents,  therefore  signed  by  our 
hand,  for  the  commodities  which  th^  shall  bringr 
and  carry  out  of  JOiir  sdd  country  and  duchy  of 
Nafmattdy,  dities,  towns,  and   harbours  thereof 
whatsoever,  designed  fmr  the  said  country  of  Soot* 
land.     We  do  therefore  give  in  command,  to  ottr 
beloved  and  trusty  %he  persons  holding  our  court 
of  parliament  at  Bouen,  commissioners  of  our  ac* 
compts  and  supfrfy  in  the  said  conatry,  treasurers 
general  of  France  in  the  said  Rouen,  port-mi^ters 
in  the  said  place,  or  thw  deputies,  and  to  all 
other  our  justidaries  and  offiom,  or  their  subsd- 
tutes,  whom  it  shall  concern,  that  the  tenor  of 
these  presents  they  cause,  suffer,  and  allow,  the 
said  subjects,  Scottish  merchants,  to  enjoy  and  use, 
plenarily  and  peaceably;  ceasing,  and  caumng to 
cease,  all  molestations  and  impediments  to  the  con- 
trary whatsoever;  and  to  cause  this  to  be  suffered, 
and  to  return  and  restore  to  them  hereafter  their 
effects  and  commodities,  if  any  on  account  thereof 
should  be  taken  or  arredted^  that  they  constrain, 
and  cause  to  be  constrained,  our  ofiicers  of  foreign 
trade,  by  all  due  and  lawful  methods,  any  opposi* 
tions  or  appeals  whatsoever  notwithstanding ;  and 
producing  these  presents,  or  a  vidimus  thereof, 
made,  under  the  tefil  royal  for  once  only,  we  will> 


fthat  our  receivers  of  the  said  forrign  duties  be 
held  acquitted  and  discharged  thereof  by  the  com^ 
missioners  of  our  said  acoompts  in  Normandy^ 
whom  we  warrant  so  to  do,  without  difficulty  or 
hesitation.  And  whereas  there  may  beoccasicm 
for  these  presents  in  several  different  placest  it  is 
our  will,  that  to  the  copy  thereof,  duly  collated^ 
credit  be  given  as  to  the  present  original,  where* 
unto,  in  witness  hereof,  and  to  the  ead  that  it  be 
a  deed  firm  and  stable  for  ever,  we  have  caused 
our  seal  to  be  put  and  affixed,  saving  in  all  else 
our  right,  and  that  of  others  in  alL  For  such  is 
our  pleasure.  Given  at  FontaineUeau  in  the 
month  of  March,  of  the  year  of  grace  one  thousand 
five  hundred  and  ninety*nine,  and  of  our  reign  the 
tenth.  Signed  Henbt;  oounterdgned,  by  the 
king  at  Neufville,  and  sealed  in  a  silk  string  with 
the  great  seal  of  green  wax. 

From  a  copy  collated  with  the  original  on  parch* 
ment,  by  a  clerk  of  the  court  of  parliament  of 
Rouen,  the  87th  of  April,  1599. 






William  ffie  Ninth  Earl  of  Olenoaim^ 


nr  TBS 

%y^xCt%  of  ^totJatOi^ 

IN  THE  TXAB8  1653  AlTD  1654. 


Wh9  wot  Eye  and  Ear-wUnesilo  att  thai  pasted  from  firet  io  kut. 





ACCOUNT,  &c. 

THE  earl  of  Glencairn  went  frpm  bis  own 
house  of  Finle$ton  in  the  beginning  of  the  month 
of  August,  1653,  to  Lochearn,  where  several  of  . 
the  clans  did  meet  him,  viz.  the  earl  of  Athol,  Mac- 
Donald  of  Glengarie,  Cameron  of  Locbyell,  ordi 
narily  called  MacEIdney,  John  Graham  of  Deucb* 
rie,  Donald  MacGregour,  tutor  of  MacGregour 
Farquharson  of  Inverey,  Robertson  of  Strowan, 
MacNachtane  ef  MacNachtane,  Archibald  lord 
Lorn,  afterwards  earl  of  Argyle,  colonel  Blackader 
of  Tullyattan. 

These  gentlemen,  after  some  few  days  consulta- 
tion with  his  lordship,  did  promise  to  bring  out 
what  forces  they  could  with  all  expedition. 

My  lord,  notwithstanding,  did  lie  to  and  from 
the  hills,  not  having  any  with  him  but  the  writer 
of  this,  and  three  servants,  for  the  space^  of  six 

The  first  forces  that  came  to  him  here,  were 
brought  by  John  Graham  of  Deuchrie :  they  were 
forty  footmen.  Within  two  cr  three  days  after 
came  Donald  MacGregour  the  tutor,  with  eighty 



My  lord  general  with  this  force  came  to 
Graham  of  Deuchrie^s  house,  where,  within 
few  dkys,  ny  lord  Kenmure  came  with  forty  h 
men  from  the  west :  colonel  Blackader  also  c 
with  thirty  horsemen,  which  he  had  gatherer 
gether  in  Fifeshire.  The  Wrd  of  MacNach 
came  with  twelve  horsemen :  there  was  het 
sisLty  and  eighty  of  the  Lowlandmen  that  were 
mounted  on  horses,  but  were  very  well  prov 
in  their  arms :  they  were  commanded  by  ca| 
James  Hamilton,  brdtber  of  the^urd  of  Milnt^ 
and  were  called  to  a  nickname  Gravat^* 

Colonel  Kidd,  gorernor  of  Stiflmg,  %eing 
fimned  that  the  king^i  forces  were  come  so 
him,  did  march  with  the  most  part  of  his  regit 
of  foot,  and  troop  of  horse,  to  a  place  called  A 
foyle,  within  three  m3es  of  the  place  when 
lord  general  did  fie,  who  having  tntelltgence  tl 
of,  did  march  with  the  small  force  be  had,  tc 
pass  of  Aberfoyle ;  and  drawing  up  his  fii 
within  the  pass,  did  distribute  his' footmen  on  I 
sides  thereof,  very  advantageoitsly ;  and  the  h 
which  were  commanded  by  lord  Kenmure,  ^ 
drawn  up  on  the  wings  of  the  foot.  He  gav< 
ders  that  eaptain  Hamikm,  who  comnandeci 
Lowlandmen,  oaiiedGravatSj  with  Beuehrie's  t 
diould  receive  the  first  charge,  which  they  did  * 
gallantly;  and  at  the  very  first  encounter, 
enemy  began  to  re^e  back.  ITie  gener^ 
cerving  the  same,  did  command  the  High' 
forces  to  puraue,  as  ako  lord  Kennmre  with 
horse  he  IwuL  Theenemy  began,  lipon  this,  d< 
right  to  run  ;  they  were  pursued  very  hard  5 

IN  «BK  mtmuLAXOiB  xm  soonuA^D.         68 

hmt  oa  the  spot  about  m%tjp  and  about  dghty 
i^fte  UUed  in  the  pnr«Dk :  no  prwoerB  were  ta» 

Mj  hwd  genend  bsviiig  euooeeded  so  well,  from 
all  p|ac8i  nen  did  daiijocmiem  to  hioi.  We  then 
marohad  to  Loefaeam,  and  fi!om  that  to  Laoh« 
Baanocby  where,  at  the  hall  in  the  isle  of  Loch- 
Rannodi,  the  dbas  met  him*  In  the  aaeaa  whik^ 
ba  wsaa  teiy  bu^  in  dispatohing  men  lo  the  Low^ 
huMla,  givitkg  them  commiasaon  far  taking  horses^ 
fixnimg  men,  and  iot  carrying  off  aU  die  arma 
they  could  find. 

The  dana  who  met  him  at  Liftch«»Bannooh 
braaght  their  forces  with  them :  the  laird  of  Gkfto 
garie  lifou^ght  thi^ee  hundred  very  pretty  men: 
the  laird  of  Lodiydl  brought  four  hundred  Locha^ 
ber*men  :  the  tutor  of  MacOregour  had  then 
about  two  hundred  men  with  him. 

fiir  Arthur  Forbes»  and  Geiard  Irvine  hb  lieu* 
tedaatHtakmel,  with  several  other  oflieera,  came 
with  «bput'^gbty  meor  oo  horaeback.  The  eaii 
of  Athd  came  with  a  hundred  burse,  and  with  a 
reipmcnt  of  brave  foot,  ooomsting  of  near  one 
thousand  two  hundred  men,  commanded  by  An^ 
drew  Drummond,  brother  german  of  Sir  James 
Drummond  of  Machany.  He  was  the  earl  of 
AthoFs  lieutenanticolonel. 

These  noble  persons  wwe  ordered  to  give  com- 
winmk  to  captains,  and  other  inferior  officers,  to  go 
to  the  Lowlsnds,  for  levying  what  men  they  oouUL 
We  then  inarched  down  to  the  akirts  of  the  Low- 
lamls,  wear  Uie  Marquis  of  Huntly'a  boundsi  where 
sewral  gentlemen  joined  us. 


The  l^rd  of  Inveiey  rendesvoused  in  Ci^ 
for  the  raising  of  a  regunent.  Generalni 
Morgan,  who  was  lying  at  Aberdeen,  beid 
formed  of  the  day  of  rendezrouB  in  Cromar( 
draw  out  of  several  garrisons  two  thousand  i 
and  one  thousand  horse  and  dragoons,  with  « 
he  marched  day  and  night  .before  the  day  of 
dezvous ;  and  we  not  baring  intelligence  oi 
march,  he  fell  upon  our  outer  guards,  and  tb 
hotly,  that  our  forces  had  much  ado  to  get  di 
up;  and  if  it  hud  not  been  for  John  Grahai 
Deuchrie,  with  about  forty  men  who  fired  % 
the  enemy,  some  of  our  own  men  being  amo 
them,  and  having  killed  the  officer  who  commas 
the  party  of  the  enemy  who  had  enteved  the  | 
before  us,  this  put  them  into  some  oonfusioii, 
made  them  stand  a  little. 

In  the  mean  time  lord  Kenmure»  who  oomm< 
ed  the  van,  mardied  at  a  great  rate.  Our 
took  the  glen  on  both  sides*  This  ^n  lead 
the  laird  of  Grant^s  ground  of  Abernetby  w 
Morgan  now  having  got  up  his  foot^  ordered  tl 
to  march  on  both  sides  of  the  glen  after  our  i 
he  himself  charging  at  the  mouth  of  the  glen, 
lord  general,  who  was  in  the  rear,  was  desire 
change  his  horse,  but  he  would  not,  though 
nag  he  rode  on  was  not  worth  £100  Soots.  . ' 
gentlemen  who  attended  on  my  lord  general,  v 
the  laird  of  MacNachtane,  Sir  Muo^  Mur 
who  killed  one  of  the  enemy^s  officers  as  they 
tered  the  pass,  Nathaniel  Gordon,  a  Inttve  gen 
man,  major  Ogilvie,  captain  Ochtrie  Gampl 
captain  John  Rutherford,  who  wants  the  1^  e 

Bri  BWklidar,  die  laM  orOkii^ne«  with  teveid 
odmr  gemlHiien  of  reputie^  wfacM  namts  I  otnnot 
BOW  fmmabtet^  Thm  glen  wat  too  stioit  <br  the 
iMWaei,  thst  dfily  two  oould,  morth  o^brtotl,  tod 
sdmetiiooe  only  oniti  The  enemy  pursued  so  hoi^ 
\y^  that  they  fe«ght  on  foot  as  often  as  oa  hone* 
back.  We  had  eight  miles  to  tfovel  through  the 
gkn,  before  we  coidd  reach  the  hurd  of  Oraot^s 
groood,  aod  the  enetay  did  not  give  overlhefighit 
tiH  n^t  parted  us. 

Moigao  lay  in  the  glen  all  that  night;  and  the 
mtxt  morning  he  marched  down  through  the  Cr»* 
■ar,  and  from  thence  to  Aberdeen* 

After  thiB  we  lay  in  that  country  and  in  Baden-^ 
odi»  for  near  fiye  weeks.  Lord  Kenmure  was  sent 
with  a  hundred  horse  to  the  shire  of  Argyle^  to 
bring  up  what  farces  lord  liom  had  gathered.  He 
had  mustered  one  thousand  foot,  and  about  fifty 
hantf  who  mardied  and  joined  us  in  Badenoch» 
where  he  remained  with  us  about  a  fortnight;  but 
being  some  how  discontented,  be  marched  home 
with  his  men  on  the  Ist  day  of  January,  1654. 

My  lord  general  having  intelligence  of  his  deeerw 
tioB,  ordered  the  iaird  of  Olengarie,  with  Locbyell, 
and  so  many  horse  as  could  be  conveniently  spared, 
to  pursue  him,  and  bring  him  back  with  his  men^ 
or  otherwise  to  fight  him.  Lorn  marched  straight- 
way  for  the  castle  of  Ruthven  in  fiadenocb,  a 
boose  beiongii^  to  the  marquis  of  Huntly,  wherein 
there  was  a  garrison  of  Enghsh  so.  diers ;  but  Oien^ 
garie  being  very  eager  in  the  pursuit,  overtook 
Urn  befese  be  got  within  half  a  mile  of  the  castle* 
Loid  Lom  seeiog  this,  slipped  off  with  what  horse 


he  bad)  leaving  his  toot  to  the  mercy  of  Glei 
and  his  men.  He  presently  commanded  a 
of  horse  to  follow  Lorn,  who  could  not  ovc 
him ;  but  they  brought  back  about  twenty  c 
horsemen.  His  footmen  were  drawn  up  on  i 
where  they  beat  a  parley,  and  engaged  to 
the  general  for  behalf  of  his  majesty* 

Glengarie  was  not  quite  satisfied  with  thei 
swer,  but  was  inclined  to  fall  upon  them,  f! 
had  still  a  grudge  against  them,  since  the  w£ 
the  great  Montrose.  My  lord  general  by 
time  coming  up,  and  hearing  of  the  ofier  thej^ 
made,  ordered  one  to  go  to  them,  and  in 
them,  that  he  would  accept  of  no  offer  firom  tl 
till  they  lay  down  all  their  arms ;  upon  which 
immediately  gave  them  up. 

The  general  then  went  up  to  them,  with  sei 
of  his  cheers,  and  they  all  declaring  they  were 
ling  to  engage  in  his  majesty^s  service,  undei 
lordship,  he  caused  both  officers  and  soldi 
each  of  them,  to  take  an  oath  to  be  filithful  tc 
majesty ;  which  they  very  readily  did,  aad  t 
their  arms  were  restored  to  them:  but  with 
fortnight  thereafter,  neither  officers  nor  sold 
of  them  were  to  be  seen  widi  us :  and  we  he 
no  more  of  lord  Lorn,  nor  any  of  his  men  si 
that  time. 

There  was  one  ccdonel  Vaughan,  or  Wa| 
who  came  from  England  by  Carlisle,  and  joii 
us  with  near  a  hundred  gentlemen  on  horsete 
well  mounted  and  armed.  The  colonel. him 
was  unfortunately  killed  in  a  rencount^hei 
with  the  brazen-wall  regiment  of  horse ;  but  i 

IN  THB  mGSX;AKBS  OP  sootlakd.  67 

witbstawfing  of  the  deadly  wounds  be  bad  re- 
ceived, he  rooled  die  troop,  and  killed  the 'oom- 
mander  thereof,  though  it  was  said^  that  in  all  the 
dvil  waraf  they  never  bad  been  beat*  This^  brave 
geattemanbad'hk  wonnds  healed  over:  butfitym 
what  cause  I  know  not,  they  brake  out  again,  and 
occasioned  his  death,  to  the  great  regret  df  all 
who  knew  him* 

We  being  now  a  considerable  body,  both  of 
hone  and  foot,'  by  reason  of  the  great  nuihbers  of 
new  levied  men  that  came  in  daily  to  us^  the  gene- 
ral, with  advice  of  the  officers,  *  thought  it  fit  to 
march  <lo wn  to  the  Lowlands,  in  the  shire  fot  Abeiv 
been :  so  we  went  by  Balvenie,  and  from  thence  to 
a  place  ealled  Whitelhms,  near  to  whieb  was  a 
gsrrisoii  of  the  enemy  iii  tbe  castle  of  Kildf  tnnmie,* 
a  house  belonging  to  tbe  Earl  o£  Mar.*  Morg«i 
not  daring  to  come  out  to  us,  knowing  our  army 
was  f»Il  as  good  as  his  own ;  after  that  we  had 
beeuF  in  this  country  a  fortnight,  we  marched  for 
the  dbire  of  Murray,  where  we  remained  n^r  a 
moDtfa.  Omr.  head  quarters  was  at  Elgin. 
'  The  Bnghrii  had  two  garrisons  in  Murrayshire, 
one  in  Burgle  castte,  andthe  other  in  Calder ;  bat 
notwithstlinding  of  both,  we  got  no  hurt  from  them^ 
but  kid  very  good  quarters,  and  made  ourselves 
m^rry  all  the  time  we  were  there.  We  had  wasted 
the  H^lands  by  reason  of  our  long  tarrying  there* 
The  marqais  of  Montrose,  son  of  the  great  Mon* 
trose,  joined  the  general  at  Elgin j  with  near  thirty 
gentlemen ;  also  the  lord  Forrester,  with  a  few  men; 
and  one  tkik  major  Sttachan. 
The  general  having  received  letters  from  my 


lord  Al^ldletoiit  adtiMlg  bin  of  his  teriml  in 
Sutherlmid,  wkk  several  other  ofioen  sent  by  hie 
iDSjeBty»  via.  M^or-General  M^bro^  to  tpwritoaad 
as  lieuienatit-geiieral  of  horle  and  foot,  Didiiel,  to 
eommand  as  major-geoeftil  of  horse  and  foot,  and 
Dmmmondt  as  imgot-geileral  of  foot :  loid  Napier 
was  to  have  a  rq^iment*  There  were  several  oth«r 
gentlemen  who  came  over  as  officers  iu  the  same 

The  lord  general  immediately  ordered  the  army 
to  maitsh  to  Siith«rland.  Morgan  having  intell^ 
gence,  mtfebed  upon  cmr  rear,  and  as  we  mmrcbed 
we  had  many  hot  skirmishes  with  bin*  Our  ge» 
neial  was  always  present  and  in  action ;  and  always, 
when  necessary,  ordered  fresh  parties  to  idieve 
those  that  stood  in  need  of  asMStanoe.  This  sliir* 
milling  lasted  for  the  space  of  two  days  and  two 

We  sat  down  before  the  house  of  the  laird  at 
Lethen,  whose  name  was  Brodie,  who  held  it  out 
for  the  English*  Our  general  sent  and  ordered 
him  to  ddiver  up  the  house  for  the  kkig's  servioei 
whioh  he  refused ;  and  on  the  approaeh  of  our 
men,  he  fired  out  on  them,  and  killed  foiur  or  five 
of  them.  The  general  beii^  incensed  at  this,  or* 
dered  the  soldiers  to  pull  down  several  Aacks  of 
corn,  widi  which  he  filled  the  court  and  gates  of 
the  house,  which  beii^  set  on  fire,  he  jtidged  the 
smoke  would  stifle  them,  the  wind  blowing  it  into 
the  house :  but  it  took  not  the  eflect  he  expected ; 
for  they  styi  held  out'  the  house,  and  we  lost 
other  three  or  four  mam  BKxe  ere  we  marched  the 
next  mornmg* 

IN  WB  BmmhAHm  OF  gCOT&AHD.  9S 

The  general  (»dcred  all  Lelhen^s  land  aad  stacb- 
yards  to  be  burnt,  which  was  aooordingly  done ; 
and  these  were  the  ooly  orders  he  gave  for  bunfr- 
iog  during  idl  his  oommand. 

We  Ihen  marched  straightway  for  a  )>a8s  that 
lay  eight  miles  above  Inverness ;  and  having  got  to 
that  pass,  our  army  crossed  the  wat^  of  Inverness : 
the  whole  horses  were  made  to- swim,  and  the  men 
passed  in  boats.  Here  we  kept  a  strong  guard, 
and  our  army  lay  for  the  space  of  six  weeks  quite 
safe  up  and  down  the  country  of  Sutherland,  the 
English  having  no  gfurrison  in  that  country. 

The  Icnrd  general  immediately  set  out  for  Bor^ 
nocfa,  to  receive  lord'  Middleton's  commands,  who 
was  to  be  general  in  chief;  and,  after  five  or  six 
days  rest,  lord  Middletmi  ordained  that  there  a  general  rendezvous  of  the  whole  army, 
that  so  he  might  see  what  the  men  were,  both  as 
to  &eir  arms,  mounting'and  numbers.  . 
'  The  avmy .  was  accordingly  mustered  upon  a 
Saturday  in  the  middle  of  March ;  their  number 
amount^  to  S5G0  footnien,  and  1500  horsemen. 
Of  the  horsemen  there  would  have  been  about 
SOO  that  were  not  well  horsed  nor  well  armed. 

There  was  an:  En^sh  pink  cast  in  by  stress  of 
weaAer^  cm  the  coast  of  Sutherland ;  she  was 
loadfld'.with  near  fiE«ty  tons  of  French  wine.  Ger 
nend  Middleton  (fistributed  this  among  the  officers 
irf^the  anny  i  and  he  gave  to  the  earl  of  Glencairn 
one  Uh^  theteof . 

The. army  being  drawn. up  again,  according  to 
the  former  c»der^  the.  earl  of.. Glencairn  passed 
along  the  froiit  <tf  aU  the  regiments  of  horse  and 

70  auxlCAx&N^l  buvarhw    .. 


JToot,  and  infiirBwd  «U  the  oflhtra  and  mm  m  he 
-w^ot  along,  that  he  had  nd  fvirther  oonnnatid  now 
bat  as  a  priTate  oobnel,  awi  that  be  hoped  Amy 
should  be  very  happy  in  inrrii^  ao  noble  a  easo* 
aiander  as  the  present  general^  and  the  offleera 
ondarhiai;  and  so  he  wished  theoi  all  wdl«  Thoae 
who  saw  ibis  could  easily  pevoe»ve  beiw  vefy  lan* 
satisfied  the  soldiers  wevey  by  their  looks  and  oonn* 
teaanoe;  for  several,  both  officers  and  soUierst 
riled  tears,  and  vowed  that  they  wwuU  serve  widi 
their  cdd  general  in  any  corner  ci  the  woild» 

When  tliia  ceMotony  wan  over,  the  earl  of  Glen* 
eaorn  invited  the  general  with  all  the  general  offi- 
cers and  coknels,  to  dine  with  him.  His  ^arlera 
were  at  the  laird  of  Kettles  house,  four  mileeaoath 
Crom  Domoehy  the  head  quarters.  They  were  aa 
well  entertained  by  his  lordship  aait  was  possible- in 
that  country.  The  grace  said,  and  the  doth  widi* 
drawn,  bis  lordship  called  for  a  glass  of  wine,  and 
Aen  addressed  the  general  in  these  woedav:  ^  My 
lord  general,  you  see  what  a  gallant  army  these 
worthy  gentlemen  here  present  and  I  have  gathered 
together,  at  a  time  when  it  could  hardly  be  expected 
that  any  aimiber  durst  meet  togeth^;  these  men 
have  come  out  to  serve  his  majesty,  at  theJiasBard 
of  their  lives,  and  of  all  that  is  dear  to  them :  I 
hope  therefore  you  will  give  them  aU  the  eaoein^ 
agement  to  do  their  duty  that  lies  in  your  power.^ 
On  this,  up  started  Sir  George  Mam«  ftom  his 
seat,  and  said  to  lord  Glencaim,  <*  By  G^-^  Wf 
lord,  the  men  you  i^ieak'of  are  nothing  but  a  num^ 
ber  of  thieves  and  roblMrs ;  and  ere  long  I  will 
bring  another  sortof  men  to  the  fleld.''    On  which 

eUmigirie  tiRrtediip,^bbdcu«  immtU  tamt  cm. 
eemed;  bat  loid^^filawaiiit  dMiad  hka  to  fiaw 
hmtj  8iufiBg,  «f  Oki^fBm,  I  wmt  mow  coBcariidl 
m  thb  affiKNit  tbair  -  yon  an ;"  dun  addcBBsing 
Imsdf  to  Uofaf0,  said,  f<  You,  Sir,  ofe  a  kne 
Mat ;  fmsiheykm  BeitbM  Onaraa  nor  robbtns,  hot 
gaMantgrnABinoii,  and  piod  •ddiers.^' 

Gewsnd  llidtHrton  oemuMNidai  them  bathitif 
ketpudM  kiD|^«  peaoe,  sayngi  <<  M j  lanl,  and  jau. 
Siy  Gkmi^  tliia  is  moUiiht^wmf  to  d4»  tba  kiog  imth 
vice;  yoti  mast  not  fidi  oat  among  jouswdvoB;; 
therefore  I  will  hme  yon  both  tobe  friends^'*  and 
iimnediately  eaUiog  for  n  gfaK»  of  wiae»  nid^  <^  Mgr 
lord  Gloneiiim,  I  tiiink  you  did  ihe  greatest  vrong 
in  gimig  Sir  OacHrge  Ae  Se^  you  aball  drink  to 
bim,  and  be  sball  pledge  yon*^  The  noble  and 
good  lord  GloBomni  aeoordingly  took  bn  glass,  as 
ordered  by  the  gra^vl^  and  drank  to  Sir  fiecNrgr.; 
who,  in  hts  old  snrly  humour^  muttemd  sonw  words, 
wbidi  were  not  beard,  bnt  did  not  piodge  hie  lord^ 

The  general  gave  orders  to sooodi  to  horse;  and 
lord  61encaini  went  out  in  order  to  aocompany 
him  to  the  boad^naatars.;  bat  the  general  would 
net  allow  him  to  go  aborea  nulaof^a  way»  His 
lordship  then  returned  back,  having  none  in  bis 
eompany  butiColoBel  Bladcader  and  John  <3rrahaitt 
of  Denekrie.  When  amved,  he  bacaase  eoioeed^ 
ii^  merry,  emising  tiie  lamfo  daagihl^  pl^y  ^^ 
the  virginals,  and  all  the  servants  about  tbe  bouse 
todance.  Sapper  being  now  ready  and  on  the 
taUe,  as  my  lord  was  going  to  set  down,  one  of 
cbe  servants  UM  him,  that  Akxaadar  Munro^  Sir 

72  .       GLSIieAXftll'i  XXVBSZTIOV 

Gan^s  bsothcr,  was  at  the  gate.    My  lord  im- 
mediately  cominaadiBd  to  let  hiln.  iii»  and  met  him 
at  the  haU-door,  wlwre  he  saluted  him>  aild  made 
him  very  weloone,  sayings  ^<  You :  see.  Sir*  the 
meat  is  on  the.  table»  and  wiU  qpoil  if  we  ttt  not 
down  to  if    He  placed  Monro  at  the  bead  of  the 
table,  next  the  laird^s  daughter.    AU  present  were 
Tery  merry*     My  lord  told  Munro,  he  would  give 
him  a  spring  if  he  would  dance;  which  accord- 
ingly  he  did  with  the  rest,  the  latrd^s  daughter 
playing.    While  the  rest  were  merry,  his  lordship 
and  Monro  stqiped  aside :  they  did  not  speak  a 
dozen  of  words  together,  as  all  thought ;  and  after 
drinking  a  little  longer,  Munro  departed.      My 
lord ;  then  called  for  candles,  and  went  to  bed. 
There  were  two  beds  in  his  room,  in  cme.of  which 
he  lay,  and  in  the  other  lay  Blaekader  and  Deu^ 
chrie.     The  whole  family  in  a  little  went  to  bed. 
None  knew  any  thing  of  his  lordahip^s  design  but 
one  John  White,  who  was  his  trumpeter  and  valet 
de  chambre.    The  night  being  very  short,  and  my 
lord  being  to  meet  Munro  half  way  between  his 
quarters  and  Dornoch,  their  meeting  was  to  be  as 
soon  as  they  could  percave  daylight ;  so  that  his 
lordship  got  not  two  hours  rest  before  he  rose,  and, 
notwithstanding  the  two  aforesaid  gentlemen  lay 
in  the  room  with  him,  be  went  out  and  returned 
from  the  eaeounter  .without  Uie  knowledge  of  any 
one  iti  the  house,  exc^t  John  White  his  servant, 
who  aocotnpanied  him.    Munro  came  accompanied 
with  his  brother.     They  were  both  well  mounted ; 
each  of  the  parties  were  to  use  one  {Hstol,  after  dis- 
charging of  which  they  were  to  decide  the  quarrel 


with  biKJBd  swords.     Their  pistols  were  fired  with- 
ottt  doing  any  execution,  and  they  made  up  to 
each  other  with  their  broad  swords  drawn.     After 
a  few  passes  his  lordship  had  the  good  fortune  to 
give  Sir  George  a  sore  stroke  on  ibe  bridle-hand  ; 
whereupm  Sir  George  cried  out  to  his  lordship  that 
he  was  not  able  to  command  his  borse^  and  he,  hoped 
he  would  allow  him  to  figbton  foot     My  lord  re- 
plied,* *^  You  base  carle  I  I  will  show  you  that  I 
will  match  you  either  on  foot  or  horseback.^    Then 
they  both  quitted  their  horses,  and  furiously  at* 
tacked  each  other  on  foot     At  the  very  first  bout 
the  nobl^  earl  gave  him  so  sore  a  stroke  on  the 
brow,  about  an  inch  above  his  eyes,  that  he  could 
not  see  for  the  blood  that  issued  from  the  wound. 
His  lordship  was  then  just  going  to  thrust  him 
through  the  body ;  but  his  man  John  White,  forced 
up  his  sword,  saying,  *<  You  have  enough  of  him» 
my  lord,  yon  have  got  the  better  of  him.^     His 
lordship  was  very  angry  with  John,  and  in  a  great 
passion  gave  him  a  blow  over  the  shoulder.    He 
then  took  horse  and  came  back  to  bis  quarters. 
Munro  came  straightaway  to  the  head-quarters, 
and  his  brother  had  much  ado  to  get  him  conveyed 
there,  by  reason  of  the  blooding  both  of  his  hi^hd 
and  head.* 

The  general  being  acquainted  of  this  meeting, 
immediately  sent  captain  Ochtrie  Campbell  with  a 
guard,  to  secure  the  earl  of  Glencaim  in  his  quar- 
ters; which  accordingly  was  done  before  six  in 
the  rooming.  The  general  had  ordered  captain 
Campbell  to  take  his  lordship^s  swcN'd  from  him,  and 


to  eominit  hfan  to  arrest  in  bis  ehambert  taking  his 
parole.   This  affiiir  happened  on  Siindaj  mormag. 
In  the  week  ensuii^,  there  fell  out  an  aocident 
which  miide  the  breach  still  wider  betwixt  bis  lord- 
ship and  Munro.     One  captain  Liiringstoo»  who 
came  over  with  Monro,  and  a  gentleman  called 
James  Lindsay,  who  came  over  with  lord  Napier, 
had  iK>me  hot  wovds  together*     Livingston  al- 
-  ledged  Munro  was  in  the  right,  and  Lindsay  in- 
«i«ted  in  the  ocmtrary.      They  challenged  each 
other,  and  went  out  early  in  the  morning  to  the 
links  of  Domooh,  wbere^at  the  very  .first  bout, 
Lindsay  thrust  his  svoird   through  LiTiagstoa's 
heart,  so  that  in  a  short,  time  he  expined*  .  Lind- 
say was  immediately  after  unfortunately  taken; 
^which  when  lord  Glencaim  heard,  be  dealt  very 
earnestly  with  the  general,  and  caused  other  offiemrs 
to  do  the  same  for  Lindsay's  release ;  but  not&ing 
eould  prevail  with  htm:   he  immediately  .called 
a  council  of  war^  who  gavesentenee  that  landaay 
should  be  ahot  to  death  at  the  cross  of  >  Dornoch, 
before  four  that  afternoon,  which  was  accordingly 
done.     Lord  Gki^cairn  was  exceedingly  troubled 
at  this  gentleman's  death:  but  all.  this  must  be 
done,  forsooth)   to  please  Sir   Gecnrge,       Lord 
Glencaim  toqk  care  that  nothing  should  be  want- 
ing for  burying  this  unfortunate  gentknmn  with 
decency  :   and  as  there  was  no  prospect  of  making 
up  the  breach  which  gave  oocasbn  to  this  mischief, 
his  lordship,    on   that  day  fortnight   after     his 
encounter  with   Munro,  marched   a\\ay  for   the 
south  country.     He  was  accompanied  with  none 
other  «ave  his  own  troop,  and  some  gentlemen 

IN  TUBr  »I0HZiAN]ia  OF  8COTLAKD*  7$ 

y€in%Mer^  ih0t  were  waiting  for  command.  They 
were  Hot  in  all  a  bundred  horse.  We  marehed 
rtraigb^  Am*  the  liord  €i  Assint'e  bounds.  When 
the  geneial  had  notice  of  our  departure)  he  eent 
a  fltvolig  party  to  bring  us  baek,  or  otherwise  to 
fight  us.  Wb^  hi6  lordsluphad  got  safely  to  As* 
mti  die  laitd  therec^  Ottne  to  bim^  and^  offered 
to  serve  bitn^  promiang  to  secure  the  passes  so 
that  the  whole  army  shbuld  not  be  able  to^reaeb 
biln  Ibitf  JBdght,  though,  they  w«re  to  come  in  pmr^ 
anit  of  hfa«>-  His  lordehip  was  under  the  peoesv 
mtf  of  aoesplifig  this  ofi!ar»  though  it  was  said  tba$ 
th&»  iFety  gdnclemap  had  b^rayed  nad  ddiveised 
np  the  great  JMtontaose;  yeib  most  part  beUfved 
timi.  it  wasr  hk  fctbegJn-law  who  betiayed  that 
grea*  noblnniii^  audi  not  himfielf^  who  wise  yoM^g 
aft  tiMit  time. 

The  neit  day  hie  iocdihip  maiyhed  to  KintsiJ^ 
whans  he  liras  veiy  gowtaslly  i»Qeiv;ed  by  the  gsar 
tkiMft  who  wawMBded  Ifanre  foe  brd  Ssafiirtbi 
towhositheboua^belmgadi  Hese  fas.  stayed  sam^ 
di^  to  fefffssh  both  mm^.  and  horses ;  fmm  that 
he  maichid  Id  Locbhmoemy  from  ii^cbbreom  t<| 
Iiodhaberi  from  tbeoiDe  to'  LqchfBBmidbt;  thence 
to  the  head  ^  Inoeb  T^s  to  a  ohurch  town  called 
XHlkin.  He  rested  here  for  the  space  of  ten  days^ 
tiU  Sir  iSeei^e  Mimwell  eameand  joiaad  him  with 
near  an  hundred  horsemen^ 

Earl  WilUsBiiif  Selkiric  also  joined  him  with 
sixty  horsemen ;  and  lord'  FoKresl^t  inth  liitk 
major  Steachfintaad  one  who- went  under  the  imme 
efeaptaioCpbrdoil;  they  bsougM  with  them  afajoM^ 
eighty  Wnwmiaiv    Thi»  Goadon  ^m  m  j&B^bsbr 



man — his  real  name  was  Portugus— he  was  hanged 
at  the  cross  of  Edinburgh  after  our  capituIatioii» 
for  running  away  from  them  with  several  troopers 
that  he  had  persuaded  to  follow  him.  There 
joined  us  several  more  of  our  captains,  and  some 
of  their  men  also.  His  lordship  findings  that  by 
the  addition  of  these  noblemen  and  gentlemen, 
with  their  troopers,  his  numbers  were  increased  to 
near  400  horsemen,  he  thought  it  proper  to  send 
them  to  general  Middleton,  that  so  they  might 
not  be  wanting  in  their  duty  to  the  king^s  service 
where  occasion  might  offer.  Accordingly  they- 
went  and  joined  the  general.  Lord  Glenduro 
contracted  a  violent  flux,  by  which  he  was  in  great 
danger,  so  that  we  all  thought  he  would  have 
died.  This  obliged  us  to  make  but  eliort  joumejrs* 
There  were  none  with  him  but  a  few  gentlemen 
and  his  own  servants.  We  came  at  last  to  Leven, 
and  stttd  at  the  castle  of  Bosedoe,  bdonging  to 
the  laird  of  Luss.  His  lordship  was  slill  earefiil 
in  sen^ng  officers  to  different  places,  to  levy  men 
out  of  the  Lowlands;  and,  within  a  month's  timoy 
he  had  got  together  about  two  hundred  horse. 

We  had  left  Middleton,  the  general,  in  Suther- 
land, in  the  month  of  April,  toward  the  latter  end 
thereof;  he  immediately  after  marched  to  Caith- 
ness, where  he  expected  more  forces  tb  join  him, 
both  from  lord  Seaforth  and  lord  Reay,  as  also 
others,  which  Munro  assured  him  of;  but  he  was 
disappointed  of  them  all. 

He  then  marched  towards  the  south  country  to 
avoid  general  Monk,  who  now  had  the  command 
in  Sootland>  and  had  ordered  Morgan  to  march 


trith  what  forces  could  be  spared  out  of  the  garri- 
sons. Monk  marched  his  army  north,  and  joined 
M<N*gan  in  the  shire  of  Aberdeen.  They  then 
inarched  to  the  Highlands,  but  in  difierent  bodies^ 
yet  so  as  they  shduld  always '  be  within  a  day^s 
march  of  each  other. 

Middleton,  with  the  king^s  army,  came  to  the 
nde  of  Lochgarie,  where,  at  a  small  village,  he 
was  resolved  to  eneamp  all  night ;  but  Morgan^ 
*by  his  good  fortune,  reached  the  same  place  be- 
fore the  king^s  army,  who  had  no  intelligence 
where  their  eil^mies  were,  till  the  van*guard  waa 
fired  upon  by  Morgan^s  outer  guard.  The  Eng^ 
liah  troop  were  the  van  of  the  king^s  army :  thare 
was  no  ground  there  on  which  they  could  draw  up ; 
for  on  the  one  hand  was  the  loch,  and  on  the 
other  it  was  so  marshy,  that  no  horse  was  able  to 
ride  it;  and  on  the  way  by  the  loch,  two  or  three 
at  most  were  all  that  could  ride  a-breast  The 
gmeral  Middleton  finding  this,  ordered  the  army 
to  faof  about ;  so  that  the  vai^  who  were  the  Eng- 
lish gentlemen,  became  the  rear.  They  behaved 
themselves  very  gallantly^  but  were  very  hard 
pressed  by  Morgan^  who  tsSl  upon  the  general's 
baggage,  where  was  his  commission  and  all  his 

Morgan  pursued  so  hotly,  that  at  last  he  obliged 
Middleton's  army  to  run  as  fast  as  they  could. 
There  was  no  great  slaughter ;  for,  before  they 
had  passed  the  loch,  night  came  on.  Every  man. 
then  diifted  for  himself,  and  went,  whwe  he  best 
liked.  The  general  vent  ofi^  with  a  few ;  where 
he  went  to  I  can  give  no  account ;  only  he  no  more 



tdok  the  fields  but  ahortlj  #^iit  over  to  his  ftiaj^sty 
ikk  Flanders. 

Many  of  the  earl  of  Gleneaim's  men  who  had 
beoi  at  Lochgariey  came  and  t^flRsbed  their  senrieea 
tb  faim  at  Bloeedde :  but  he  and  to  them«.  <^  Gren^ 
tiemen,  I  see  the  king^s  interest  in  So<>tIadd  is  noir 
bfbken^  the  kiog^s  army  beiiig  Bo  shamefully*  lost 
as  it  hath  been :  and  as  I/am  now  in  a  Very  bul 
state  of  health,  I  am  resolved  to  capUillate  with 
die  enemy,  ibr  myself  and  those  that  dve  with  tee  i 
mtdf  if  you  plesae^  yen  shall  be  included  in  the 
capitulation.  Consider  of  this,  geatlevsto^  aflid 
give  me  your  answer  toHOiMow,  that  I  imgr  kaom 
finr  how  many  I  am  to  capitukte ;  inlbemcnit 
tinie  you  may  go  to  the  quarters  I  have  appeintsd 
fi»r  you." 

Hie  ofllcers  the  next  day  iMuled  en  bis  loiNlsbip, 
nd  told  him,  that  al  they  Imd  at  fimt  joined  him 
to  serve  die  king^  and  as  they  understood  from 
him»  that  they  could  not  at  pcemnt  d6  Vk  isajestj 
any  service,  they  were  aU  willing  to  aecepC  of 
wWever  teems  hia  lordship  tduHtld  malce  for  thdtai* 

His  kMdship  immediaKely  sent  eemonssMMsei^ 
k>  capitulate  with  Monk,  who  at  that  time  teuded 
at  D&lkeith;  mod  it  was  a  foil  moadi  befiE»e  the 
business  was  closed.  The  treaty  was  once  eatirely 
broken  off;  on  which  his  lordships  who  was 
informed  that  a  party  of  horse  and  drains 
were  qilaitered  in  Dunbarton,  resolved  to  beat 
up  their  quarters.  We  had  an  outer  guaid  ^  4 
fcnrd  witUn  four  miles  of  Duabartouy  wh&ch  we 
kept  in  possession  during  the  month  that  w^  lay 
m  those  ports*    My  losd  ovdered  two  himdsed^ 

hi«  best  ^prse^  under  Uie  coipnoapid  of  Sir  6e<^ge 
Maxwell  of  N^warkt  hh  Iieuteii«iit->Colonel,  to  ciP83 
the  river  where  the  said  out^  guard  was»  aodt  Us 
soon  a$  be  should  CTos8,^to  i:ide  on  At  a  gallop  to 
the  town.  This  was  to  be  done  about  one  in  the 
afterno9Q»  when  the  enemy  were  judged  to  be  ai 
dinner.  This  was  fuscordingly  done  to  good  pur- 
pose :  those  of  U)e  enemy  that  could^  fled  to  the 
castle;  between  thirty  and  forty  of  them  were 
killedj  and  above  twenty  were  made  prisoners. 

All  the  horses  belonging  to  both  horsemen  and 
dragoons  were  taken :  we  likewise  brought  away 
with  us  two  hundred  loads  of  corn  out  of  the 

As  soon  as  tlie  news  of  this  defeat  came  to  gene* 
ral  Monk^s  knowledge,  he  immediately  brought  on 
the  capitulation  again ;  which  was  soon  happily 
concluded  on,  and  he  agreed  to  much  more  fa- 
vourable terms  than  before  this  he  would  conde- 
scend to  grant. 

The  conditions  were,  that  all  the  officers  and 
soldiers  should  be  indemnified  as  to  their  lives  and 
fortunes,  and  that  they  should  have  passes  deliver-? 
ed  to  each  to  secure  their  safety  in  travelling 
through  the  country  to  th«r  own  respective  homes, 
they  doing  nothing  prejudicial  to  the  present  go- 
vernment. The  officers  were  to  be  allowed  all  their 
horses  and  arms,  to  be  disposed  of  as  they  pleased ; 
they  were  also  to  have  the  liberty  of  wearing  their 
swords  when  they  travelled  through  the  country. 
The  common  soldiers  were  allowed  to  sell  their 
horses ;  they  were  obliged  to  deliver  up  their  arms, 
but  it  was  ordained  that  they  were  to  receive  the 


full  value  for/  themf  as  it  should  be  fixed  by  two 
officers  of  lord  Grencum^s,  and  two  of  general 
MonkV  All  which  particulars  were  punctually 
*perforined^  by  the  general.  Two  long  tables  were 
placed  upon  the  green  below  the  castle,  at  which 
all  the  men  received  their  passes,  and  the  common 
soldiers  the  money  for  their  arms. 

This  happened  upon  the  4th  day  of  September, 
1654.  The  earl  of  Glencairn  that  same  night 
crossed  the  water,  and  came  to  his  own  house  of 












Renovmed  Lady  Jean  Douglas, 


Printed  by  R.  Chapman, 




THE  reader  will  not  be  surprised  if  he  find  a 
variety  of  matters  touched  in  this  general  Preface 
or  introduction  to  the  following  tracts ;  this  could 
not  be  well  avoided  in  an  account  of  Miscellaneous 

*The  author  of  the  fife  and  death  of  king  James> 
¥•  was  a  French  gentleman,  and  no  wonder  that 
he  gives  a  more  full  account  of  several  matters 
than  other  historians ;  because  that  king  had  iwo 
queens  from  Prance,  and  many  of  th&r  conn* 
trymen  had  conndo^ble  posts  in  the  government 
of  Scotland.  Oiir  author  ^ves  no  account  of  af» 
fairs  during  the  minority  of  that  prince^  which  is 
generally  the  weakest  part  of  a  reign,  and  affords 
only  the  history  of  the  intrigues  and  practices  of 
ambitious  politicians,  who  involve  their  country  in 
Uood  and  confusion,  for  the  sake  of  ingrosong  the 
whole  power,  or  a  connderable  share  thereof.  The 
state  of  affairs  in  Scotland  during  this  king^s  mi- 
nority was  this;  first,  queen  Margaret  had  the 
keeping  of  the  young  prince  her  son,  and  the  go- 
vernment of  the  kingdom  committed  to  her  du^ 
ring  her  widowhood :  her  bcother  Henry  VIII.  of 


of  England  had  gained  her  to  endeavour  what  she 
could  to  lessen  the  inclination  of  the  leading  men 
of  Scotland  to  the  French  their  old  confederates ; 
but  she  by  her  marriage  with  Archibald  DouglaSi 
earl  of  Angus,  lost  the  administration.  To  bal- 
ance the  English  pbrty  ini^SoalilMd,  the  French 
king,  upon  the  denre  of  the  estates  of  the  kingdom, 
sent  over  John  duke  of  Albany,  earl  of  Marche^ 
Mar,  and  Garioch,  lord  of  Annandale  and  the  Isle 
of  Man,  count  of  Boulogne  and  Auvergne,  by  his 
mmw^  m^  ibBiimfw^  Aom  d«  La  Tow  nd 
Aixf^rm^  The  Prwdi  li^i^  did  not  Pp^nly  dis^* 
oov«ff  what  shai^  he  bad  in  thai  affiiNr»  beca^se 
iimk  be  vat  fofwng  a  leagp?  mth  ]&i|^ai|d;  and 
notwithstanding  all  the  endeavours  of  Henry  YIII. 
lo  biodor  the  duke  U^  oome  to  Scotland,  he 
kwded  m  that  kwgdoWf  Maxch  ^7th,  IplS,  h^ 
giMtxaisfiartune  washja  igoomnce^of  th^  langPiagP) 
and  6O0tons,  and  parties  tber^;  tbia  made  luni 
idgr  too  ntucb  on  tbeadirice  of .  Jbha  HepbMiai, 
prior  of  St.  AndaewSf  who  m  aU  tbecwnsek  he 
gave  bim,  had  move  in  his  viaw  to  be  jrevewg^  ^ 
his  own  eoeHiies  than  the  poUie  good.  The  king 
of  England  used  all  motbod^  to  laake  the  dlike^  of 
Albany  ttotaay,  aad  to  possess  tbose  <^  «09l  .power 
ih  Scotkod  wilb  jeakHwies  of  Uas,  aa  beti^tbil  am 
of  a  traitor,  who  was  outhiwed  &r.  levying  war 
against  hb  soyyenrign,  and  designing  lodiapossess 
him  of  the  cmwn:  that  the  duko  was  enlarely  in 
the  interests  at  Ike  Fxendi  kuig^  and  had  a  greater 
regard  to  the  aervioe  of  that  awmai«h  than  to  tha 
advantage  and  prosperily  of  Scotland.  Queeo 
Margaret,  on  the  other  hand,  when  tbtre  yrm  yrm^ 


betwixt  England  and  Scothnd,  dwoovered  all  the 
duke^s  designs  that  she  could  oome  to  the  know« 
ledge  of.  This  queen,  upcm  some  misunderstand- 
ing betwixt  her  and  her  husband^  became  at  last 
weary  of  hhn,  and  sued  for  a  diTorce,  because,  as. 
she  said,  he  kept  a  mistress  when  she  was  in  Eng- 
land :  this  made  her  live  in  better  friendship  with 
the  duke  than  formerly.  Whilst  the  duke  was  in 
France,  which  was  from  Jiine,  1517,  to  Septembei*, 
1S8S,  the  earl  c^  A.ngus  did  what  he  could  to 
strengthen  his  own  party,  and  exclude  the  Gro- 
▼ernor  from  the  administration,  upon  wbos^  return 
the  earl  fled  to  England,  where  be  was  kindly  re- 
ceived by  Henry  VIII.  and  was  entirely  gained 
to  that  king^s  interest.  Henry  used  all  means  pos-  ^ 
sible  to  ^get  the  earl  restored  to  his  possessions  in 
Scotland,  but  in  vain ;  and  both  by  letters  from 
himself,  and  finom  some  eminent  divines  in  Eng- 
land, persuaded  his  sister  to  be  reconciled  to  her 
busbuid,  and  amongst  other  things  reproached  htr 
with  too  great  familiarity  with  the  duke  of  Albany : 
though  he  could  not  get  die  peace  made  upbetwitt 
her  husband  and  her,  yet  she  was  gained  to  follow 
her  old  practice,  of  being  a  spy  upon  the  duke,* 
discovering  his  designs  to  her  brother,  or  to  his 
ministers,  which  in  a  great  measure  defeated  all 
his  purposes  to  invade  England.  At  that  time  a 
ftetion  began,  which  at  last  obliged  the  duke  to 
leave  Scotland,  to  whidr  be  never  after  returned, 
though  he  k^  all  his  titles  there :  he  died  in  his 
castle  of  Mirefleur,  15S6,  and  was  a  prince  of  great 
courage ;  he  had  the  command  of  considerable 
forces  botb  by  se#  and  land,  under  Francis  I.  of' 

86  TXB  l»MFACS 

Prance,  in  wbieb  post3  be^wnyt  beb»f edbiDwelf 
hoBOUxably ;  he  govemed  SoqiIaimI  wttb  gtwt 
equity*  When  the  news  of  hi»  departure  came  to 
Etif^aiKl,  king  Henry  acquainted  the  earl  of  Angw 
with  it,  and  dewed  him  to  go  to  Scotland,  ibr  then 
he  was  in  France,  where  be  had  been  tbr^  years. 
In  the  next  parliament,  the  attlbority  <^  the, go- 
vernor was  abrogated;  the  keeping  of  the.  young 
king  was  intrustad  to  four  bishops,  and  four  ndi)le- 
men ;  who  were  the  archbishops  of.  St  Andrews 
and^  Glasgow,  of  Aberdeen  and  Dudkeld,  fhe^ark 
of  Anran»  Angus,  Leonex,  and  AfgyU9  who  were 
to  be  the  kingls  tutovs  by  turns;  but  Angus  at 
last  got  the  young  king,  into  his  own  keqpii^,  and 
excluded  the  rest*  Buchanan  tells  us,  that  the 
earl  of  Angus  enooiuraged  die  king  too  mueb  in 
his  youthftil  pleasures^  either  to  make  him  easy 
under  his  present  restraint,,  or  to  engage  him  so 
deep  in  pleasures  that  he  .cajrdess  of  the 
government,  whieh  be  tbonght  would  turn  to  Us 
own  advantage :  at  kst  the.ldng  get  f«ee  fifom  the 
earl  and  his  party,  and  banished  them ;  the  earl 
retired  to  England,  and  did  not  return  till  after 
the  king's  death. 

In  the  minority  of  this  king,  Henry  VIII»  by 
bis  ambassadors  in  Scotland,*  uled  all  meaM  to 
dispose  him  to  prefer  an  alliance  with  England 
before  one  with  France ;  and  for  that  end  he  sent 
him  presents  of  fine  horses  and  arms,  which  he  know 
would  most  refidily  t^e  with  the  martial  genius  of 
this  young  prince ;  but  several  noblemen*  and  the 
popish  clergy,  many  of  whom  had  benefices  in 
France,  persuaded  him  to  thfi^  contrary:   those 

who  weve  fi»r  tke^amioQt  letgiie  with  Pi!Mee»  iit- 
ways  reiaiacUd  hiip  of  the  plmt:  ftUwnce  of  hi$  a^ 
cestors  wid)  tbfit  Mtion.    Baoause  there  i$  men- 
tiiDii  of  the  la^e  ia  the  folbwu^  history,  I  ehidl' 
ffve  here  a  ibort  aceount  of  it : 

All  the:Scotch  hiatoriaoa  agnoe,  that  it  hegw  i« 
the  time  of  Ch.arlen9i^giie»QoleB»pQrar)r  with  Aehu** 
va  kipg  of  SootUod ;  it  is  eertaia  that  this  leafpit 
is  very  ancient,  Car  la  the  *  coatraot  of  aaarriage 
betwixt  Fraoeis,  daupUn  of  France,  and  Mary, 
quew^jf  Seots,  Aprtt  the  19(h^  1566,  it  is  said  to 
he  of  ei|^t  hundred  ycara^  slandiaig.  The  h^ 
aourable  Sir  James  Balrynple,  in  his  learned  hi»» 
lofioal  oaUeotiona  thinks  this  a  good  argument  of 
la  antiquity,  f  Hlhuioude  Coate,  in  hia  Elqges 
ei  les  vies  de$  liaines  lUnslresi  torn.  2,  in  thecbarw 
acter  of  Magdi^  de  Franee^  king  James  VJb  first 
queen,  sayti  the  sane. .  In  the  original  instruetions 
given  Noveniber  ldtb»  1670,  by  tibeduk^of  Chat»- 
tfiUieraiiltt  the  earls. of  Huatly  and  Argyll,  Mary 
queen^xxf  Seots^  lieotenants,  to  lh<!  iHahops  of  Boss 
and  Cralioiray,  and  the  lard. Ltvingston,  to  treat 
vith  quean£iianbetb,  for  queen  Mary^a  restoration, 
in  the  third  afti^le  it^  is  said,  <*  that  tho  old  league 
has  been  inviolably  kept  betvioU  France  and  Seotr 
Jand  for  eight  hundred  years  «nd  mom.^  Egii^ 
hardtt%  seeretary  to  Charlemagnei  gives  ns  an  ao^ 
count  of  the  assistance  the  Soots  gave  to  Charles 
in  his  wars.  Faulus  ^aulkis,  in  his  second  book 
de  Eebus  Oestis  Franonrum,  says,  ^Honoees, 
Magistratusq ;  Saxoniat,  G^entibus  alienigenisi  et 

III   I    1 1  III  I   > ■      » II    ■  ■  II 

*  Tndte  de  pftix.— t  Caligula,  c  S,  p.  296. 

88  THS   IPftXFACS. 

imprimis  Sootis  raandfibat  Cardufi,  qudrum  «gre- 
gia  fide  virtuteq  ;  utebatur."  BellefoFestus^  in.lib. 
1)  Hist.  Carol.  Mag.  confirms  this;  and  adds, 
*^  Scotorum  fideli  opera  non  parum  adjutus  in  tkMo 
Hispanico  fuerat.'^  The  occasion  of  the  league, 
was  according  to  Buchanan,  Lesley,  <*  Cobaeus  de 
duplici  statu  Reli^otfis  apud  Sootus,^  David  Cham- 
bers, and  others,  that  the  English  Saxons  had  in- 
vaded France  and  plundered  the  seacoast ;  whilst 
Charles  was  'absent  in  his  wars  against  the  Sara- 
cens, he  thought  it  adviseable  to  enter  Into  a  per- 
petual alliatice  with  the  Scots,  who  by  their  near- 
ness to  England,  were  most  capable  to  ^re  a  di- 
vernon  to  his  enemies.  Achaius,  who  knew  that 
quarrels  with  neighbouring  princes  were  unavoida- 
ble, was  glad  of  the  assistance  of  the  French*  The 
articles  of  this  league  were  the  same  with  those  of 
other  alliances,  viz.  <^  That  the  French  and 
Scotch  were  to  have  common  friends  and  enemies, 
that  they  were  to  assist  eadi  other  in  tlmr  wbts^ 
and  that  none  of  the  kings  of  the  two  nations  w«re 
to  make  a  separate  peace  with  Eogland/'  And  it 
may  be  said,  that  never  a  treaty  was  more  inviola- 
bly kept  than  this.  cLesly  tells  us^  Achaius  sent 
his  brother  William  to  France  with  four  thousand 
men  to  assist  Charles  in  his  wars  in  Italy,  and  in 
his  absence  William  commanded  the  army.  Co- 
nvus,  who  lived  long  in  Italy,  informs  us,  that 
many  of  WilUam's  soldiers  settled  ther«,  and  were 
founders  of  several  families,  as  of  the  Barones,  of 
the  Mariscotti  in  Bononia  and  Siena,  the  Sooti  in 
Flacentia  and  Mantua.      Sansovino  and   other 

geomi/offft»  sAjp  thai  those  familba  b^gaa  k  tlm 
xtign  of  CJbarieis^e* 

.  We  do  not  bfsHeve  vb»t  soiM  bistojnans  affirm^ 
tbut  aa.  a  ncworiAl  of  this  league  the  cn>wn  of 
£kaptliiiid»  which  W43  hefone  mly.  a  plaia  drdle  of 
g^ldy  hadm/Q^Uier  of  flower  de  lis  ciused  about  it ; 
forlb^  le^rn^  PiftabillQaf  whose  testioaooy  in  this 
matter  is  much  to  be  depended  upon^  tells  us^  * 
that  the  first  French  kings  who  had  the  flower  de 
lis  on  their  crowns,  wene  Philip  I.  and  bis  father. 
Some  also  say,  that  upon  this  league,  the  arms  of 
Scotland  we<e  inclosed  in  a  dottMeU»MMiggy  flowered 
and  oounter-floWered  with  flowers  de  lis,  which  is 
not  probable^  jseeing  Mabillon  assures  us,  who  is 
best  acquiunted  of  any  with  the  seals  of  the  French 
kmgSy  that  f  Philip  the  August*  who  died  about 
188%  waa  tlie  first  who  had  one  flower  de  Us  in 
hia  oountaip-seal ;  Lewis  VIIL  and  IX#  had  somo- 
timas  one,  Mmi  sometimas  laany,  which  was  ob* 
senrad  bj  the  feUowiag  luyogs,  till  the  reign  of 
Cbajrlaf^Vp  whair^uc^  the  flowers  ^e  thr^: 
xiaitl|er;till  a  l9i^  time  after  Um^  did  the  kii^  of 
Scotland  use  ibek  aiws  on  tWk  seals»  as  we  are 
infimned  by  that  learnad  and  Judicious  antiqua^ 
Mr.  Andcr^oB^  I  who  iaa  grcat  jwidge  «f  tb«  aiv* 
tiqoities  of  Scotland,  and  has  had  better  ooea^ions 
tlian  any  to  know  what  belongs  to  the  seals,  chai>- 
tCBS,  aiid  coina  of  hia  country* 

At  this  tiana^  as  Bucbaaan  says*  barbarity  and 
ignoranaa  bad  not  avarafN*ead.  ScoAland  somufh 

♦  De  rt  diplotnatica,  p.  «*.— f  P«ge  139^t  IftdelJfetiaen- 
0/ of  fioatlBnai  pi  SS* 


as  Other  countries ;  for  there  were  still  in  thst  na- 
tion some  monks  remarkable  for  the  andent  piety 
and  learning.  Charles  was  a  prince  who  favoured 
and  encouraged  men  of  letters,  therefore  be  in* 
vited  some  of  them  to  France.  Bucbanan  ex- 
presses that  well  in  his  admirable  poem  upon  the 
marriage  of  Mary  Queen  of  Scots  with  the  dau- 
phin of  France. 

*•  Haec  quoque  cum  Latium  quaterei  Mm  barbsrus  Ofbea\» 
Sola  prope  exji^ulsis  fuit  Hospita  terra  Camaenisy  &c." 

When  barbaious  foes  the  Eoman  boundi  o*enptcaidU 

Thither  the  muses  for  protection  fled: 
Hence  Greek  and  Roman  learning  in  full  store, 
.    By  Charlemagne  to  France  was  wafted  6*eir. 

Bede»  lib.  3,  Hist  chap.  27,  tells  usythat  many 
of  the  noUemen'*s  sons  of  England,  were  sent  te 
Scotland  to  be  educated,  whete  they  were  enter- 
tained kindly,  and  had  maintainanee  and  learning 
given  them  gratis ;  for  at  that  time  the  monasteries 
were  schools  of  learmng,  and  not  as  afterwards, 
privileged  places  for  impurity,  laziness,  and  igno- 
rance. Before  this  time  flourished  Bonifacius  a 
Scotchman,  according  to  Marianus  Scotus,  lib.  8, 
ad  annum,  741,  and  Trithemius,  lib.  8,  cap.  S4 
Dempster,  in  a  dissertation  concerning  the  coun- 
try of  this  Bonifacius,  has  nine  arguments  to 
prove  him  a  Scotchman ;  he  was  called  the  apostle 
of  Germany,  preached  the  gospel  in  many'  places 
of  that  country^  and  was  the  first  archbishop  of 
Mentz.  Those  who  came  to  France  upon  Charles^ 
desire,  were  Joannes,  AJbinus,  or  Alcuinus,  Charle- 
magne^s  preceptor,  he  founded  the  university  of 

Tms.  In  his  26tb^  epistle,  he  calk  himself  Yer^ 
naculum  Soot^rtmis  i*  e.  a  native  of  Sootland. 
Soaiuiy  torn.  89  lib.  2»  cap.  9,  is  of  the  same 
q[»iuon;  as  also  Bostetus,  &e.  Biidnman  says, 
be.  sam  a  book  of  rhetoric  of  whieh  he  was  the 
author.  At  tbis  time  oim^  also  Clemeiis  Sodtu^ 
vho  founded  the  university  of  Padua. 

The  Scotch  guards  in  France  beganlupon  this 
occasion,  when  Alexander   III.  beard  that   St. 
Lewis  deugned  an  expedition  to  the  holy  land,  he 
sent  to  his  asnstance  seven  thousand  soldiers^ 
Lewis  ^chose  twenty-^four  out  of  that  number,  who 
were  to  have  the  constant  keeping  of  his  person  ; 
his  example  was  followed  by  his  successors ;  Charles 
V.   added  seventy-six  to  the  former  number ; 
Charles  VIL  bendes  the  hundred  foot-guards, 
added  a  troop  of  ciurasnc&v  of  that  nation,  who 
were  to  take  place  of  all  the  horse  of  his  army. 
An  *  ori^nal  paper,  containing  instructions  frcnn 
queen  Mary  of  Scotland,  to  her  ambassador  the 
Uriiop  of  Ross,  &c.  at  a  treaty  with  queen  Eliza- 
betb,  informs  us  of  the  state  of  those  guards  in 
1570.    They  then  oonnsted  of  a  hundred  men  of 
arms,  a  hundred  archers  of  the  guards,  and  twenty-^ 
four  aicbers  of  the  corps,  keepers  of  the  king^s 
body :  after  the  reformation  the  privileges  of  those 
guards  were  greatly  lessened.    This  is  remarkable, 
that  never  any  of  those  gentlemen  was  found  guilty 
of  treason,  or  carelessness  in  the  defence  of  the 
French  kings.     Philip  de  Comines,  lib.  11,  cap. 
12,  of  tbe  Kfe  of  Lewis  XI.  tells  us,  that  tfie  dti* 

•  GdfcUm  labnuy.  Cttlig.  o  2t  CdL  8S& 

9S  tsM  mmjMi^ 

nmi  of  Liege  btA%  in  tiptm  the  Ifld^b^  oTHiBt 
Idngi  and  'bad  Mtfuoly  kitledf  hitt,  had  it  hot 
beqn  fbr  the  vahMir  of  his  Sootcli  gfftttrds,  who 
atood  aAmit  Uta  Kke  a  wall>  and  wiih  theilr  atvows 
dmw  tben  and  the  Butgimdiaiis  away*  At  the 
battle  of  Fafia,  ¥nmdk  I.  uras  not  taketi  till  thefe 
^ere  only  four'  a}tve  of  his  one  huikhhed  Scoteh 
guards*  It  would  he  too  tedious  to  give  a  long 
account  of  the  priviteges  the  Scotch  nation  had  in 
France  by  that  league,  especiidly  the  nerchattts 
and  stndeats. 

Sevcml  tilings  contrifbated  to  tfte  wtAetitkg  of 
the  idlianoe  widi  FlMce;  AM,  Hemy  VII  I.  by 
means  of  bis  sorter,  queen  MiM^garsi,  stifled  tip  a 
party  in  Scodand  agiuMt  those  who  wete'^  the 
oU  kagM.  Horbert,  in  the  life  of 'that  kmg^ 
tdh  us,  Uiat  he  loved  intermws  benatcse  he  mM  a 
handsome  prinee,  and  made  a  gf^M  app^^antnos  at 
jottsts  and  to»nanieiics$  yet  the  gteat  reason  di 
his  desire  to  meet  with  king  James^  wVS  to  alienate 
him  fVoes  the  IHendsbip  wkh  Fmhee,  and  to  per* 
suade  him  to  mat^  a  breach  "with  Borne,  as  the 
ttiost  Kkcly  way  to  attain  that  end!  but  king 
James  rejected  die  olRers  of  his  uncle,  who  per- 
suaded him  to  a  match  with  his  daughtk'  Maary, 
and  afterward«^  married  w^h  $*mnce.  Francis  h 
who  had  beard  of  the  danger  &(  losing  the  fitend* 
ship  of  SooClaod  by  the  soMtationsrof  Henry  ¥IiI« 
and  that  king  James  was  eotne  to  France  to  oeurt 
1^  dattgfater  Magdalen,  be  received  hink  with  all 
possible  solemnity.  Sing  James  entered  l^ans, 
December  3,  1636.  Hilaricm  de  Coste  tells  us, 
from  the  records  oftbe  parliament  of*  Paris,  that 


Attncia  commimded  the  parliament  to  do  Jtoies 
the  same  honours  they  did  himself.  The  senators 
objected,  <<  that  it  was  never  th^  custom  to  at- 
tend foreign  princes  in  their  red  robes.*^  The 
French  king  answered,  <<  that  he  could  grant  king 
James  no  less,  seeing. he  was  his  oldvally,  and  was 
^come  in  person  to  marry  his  daughter.^  The 
marriage  was  solemnized  the  next  day.  *  When 
Henry  heard  of  it,  he  wrote  to  Francis,  then  at 
peace  with  him,  and  told  him,  <<  that  his  alliance 
with  the  Scotch  king,  vexed  him  no  less  than  it 
would  do  a  violent  lover  to  see  his  mistress  em- 
brace his  mortal  enemy.^'  After  the  death  of  king 
JameSf  Henry  proposed  to  the  estates  of  Scotland, 
a  match  betwixt  his  son  Edward  and  the  young 
queen  Maiy;  one  of  the  conditions  of  it  was, 
<^  that  they  should  renounce  their  league  with 
France,  and  that  the  young  queen  should  be  car- 
ried into  England.^  They  could  not  be  brought 
to  that,  because  Mary  of  Lorrain,  the  queen  dowa- 
ger, many*  of  the  nobility,  and  the  whole  clergy^ 
were  against  it.  Upon  this,  Henry  made  war 
with  Scotland,  in  1543,  but  missed  of  his  design, 
which  was  to  oblige  the  Scotch  nobility  to  consent 
to  the  match,  as  the  only  way  to  unite  the  two 
nations.  After  his  death,  the  duke  of  Somerset, 
the  protector,  continued  the  war  to  the  fourth 
year  of  Edward  VI.  f  That  war  cost  England 
one  million,  four  hundred  and  thirty-two  thousand, 
nine  hundred  and  ninety-seven  pounds,  eleven  shil- 
lings and  tenpence :  a  great  sum  in  those  days. 

*  Heitot,  444— .f  Otho.  E.  11. 


After  queen  Morj  was  carried  into  France,  t&e 
protector  made  peace  with  SooUand  in  l&SO. 

The  second  thing  ivWch  made  many  in  Scotland 
averse  to  the  friendship  of  the  French,  was  the 
change  of  religion  in  that  kingdom  in  the  minority 
of  queen  Mary,  upon  this  they  became  jealous  of 
France,  and  thought  an  alUanee  with  them  would 
be  dangerous  to  their  religion;  they  were  afraid 
of  the  power  of  the  house  of  Gnise,  for  the  queen 
dowager  had  then  mx  brethren,  vis.  the  duke  of 
Guise,  the  cardinal  of  Lorrain,  the  duke  d'*Aumale, 
grand  captuny  the  cardinal  of  Guise,  the  marqins 
d^Elbeuf,  and  the  grand  prior,  four  of  them  were 
remarkable  for  their  military  bravery,  and  had 
gained  the  reputation  of  excellent  soldiers,  all  over 
Europe,  besides  that  family  managed  the  whole 
affairs  of  France.  The  protestant  lords  of  Soot- 
land  thought  it  their  interest  to  seek  tlie  assistance 
of  queen  Elizabeth ;  Lethington  and  Robert  Mel- 
vill  were  sent  to  the  court  of  England  in  1559. 

Xethington,  when  he  was  admitted  to  his  audience, 
in  an  eloquent  *  oration;*  complained,  **  that  nnoe 
quefn  Mary  was  married  to  the  dauphin  of  France, 
the  government  of  the  kingdom  was  changed ; 
Freticbmen  had  engrossed  all  posts  of  trust  and 

>  profit,  had  got  the  strong  holds  of  the  kingdom 
into  their  hands,  and  although  Scotchmen  bad 
titular  offices,  yet  the  French  had  the  power: 
upon  those  and  many  other  accounts,  they  had 
reason  to  believe  they  designed  a  conquest  of  Scot-- 
land.*^    Queen  Elizabeth,  who  saw  it  was  not  for 

•  CsmlML  Hist  Q.  £liz;page  35; 


h^  intenefit  tfaat  the  Freoch  cihauld  settle  so  near 
hetf  and  besides,  longing  to  be  revenged  upon 
Francis  II.  and  queen  Mary,  for  tb^ir  taking  the 
atyle  and  arms  of  the  kingdom  of  Englandf  at 
length  resolved  to  send  forces  to  assist  the  lords  of 
tbe  coqgregatiom  to  drive  tbe*French  out  of  Leith» 
The  relief  which  was  iie^t  them  from  France  in 
tbe  fleet  conummded  by  the  grand  prior,  was  sbip« 
wrecked,  which  obli^jed  the  French  to  cc^tulate* 
UpoB  the  news  of  this,  tbe  queen  dowf^r,  an  ex* 
Gellent  imd  i^rudent  prin^ss^  died  with  grief*  So 
tbe  French  were  <^ged  to  leave  Scotland,  by 
wiuch  queen  Elizabeth  established  a  party  ther^ 
which  iwas  ever  afterwards  willing  to  be  directed 
by  her.  When  queen  Mary  returned  to  Scotland 
aftw  her  husbond^s  death>  queen  EUsabeth  alwaye 
maintmned  that  party  to  embroil  all  her  affairs. 
Queen  Mury  at  last  was  obUged  to  flee  from  Scot* 
land,  and  came  to  England,  being  invited  by 
queoi  Eliaabeth,  vrho  promised  always  to  do  what 
die  could  towards  her  restoration,  provided  die 
did  not  seek  aid  from  France,  which  queen  Mary 
observed,  till  she  saw  It  was  in  vain  to  expect  help 
from  her  c^purin*  during  her  imprisonment  in  all 
the  unsuccessful  treaties  for  ber  liberty.  Queea 
Elisabeth  always  made  that  an  article,  ^<  that  the 
les^e  with  France  should  be  dissolved.^  Queen 
Mary  and  the  lords  of  her  party  declared,  <<  that 
se^g  the  Scotch  nation  bad  so  great  benefit  by  it, 
they  coul4  not.  well  conseot  to  renounce  it,  unless 
some  equivalent  advantage  were  {proposed  by  queen 
Elizabeth;  and  the  most  they  could  do  in  that 

96    *  THE  PBCVACS. 

case,  was  to  suspend  that  league  during  the  lives 
of  the  two  queens.^ 

3.  But  what  above  all  ruined  the  French  in- 
terest in  Scotland,  was  the  massacre  of  Paris  in 
1573,  which  will  be  an  everlasting  reproach  to 
that  nation:  at  that  time  queen  Mary's  party  was 
very  strong.  Upon  the  news  of  this,  queen  Eliza- 
beth, who  knew  well  how  to  improve  every  thidg 
to  her  own  advantage,  sent  an  ambassador  to  Scot* 
land,  who  told  the  protestant  lords,  and  considera- 
ble gentlemen  of  queen ^Mary^s  party,  "that  by 
that  bloody  cruelty,  they  might  understand  the 
gauus  of  popery.^  So  by  degrees  they  made 
their  peace  with  the  regent ;  Grange  would  not 
acknowledge  the  regents  authority,  but  held  out 
the  castle  against  him:  but  queen  Elizabeth  sent 
artillery  and  forces,  which  obliged  Grange  to 
surrender.  Lethington  died  the  same  year.  This 
was  the  end  of  a  long  civil  war.  Cambden  tells 
lis,  that  upon  this  several  officers  and 'Soldiers  of 
both  parties  went  over  to  Sweden,  France,  and 
the  Netherlands,  where  they  gained  a  great  repu- 
tation for  their  military  bravery.  / 

In  this  king^s  reign  the  protestdnt  religion  be- 
gan to  be  professed  in  Scotland,  which  alarmed  the 
popish  clergy,  who  by  it  foresaw  tbie  ruin  of  their 
absolute  power  over  the  consciences  of  the  peopte, 
and  that  they  were  now  in  danger  to  lose  those 
blessed  times,  when  they  could  persuade  kings  and 
other  rich  persons,  that  what  lands  were  made  over 
to  religious  houses,  as  they  called  them,  would 
certainly  purchase  salvation  to  the  donor,  and  to 
his  predecessors  and  successors.     Scotland  had  one 

Imgf  yit*  kittg  D«vid  L  who  fbuMcd  fourteen 
mcnuBtmei,  and  erected  four  HAopncB  $  the 
priests  in  gnitkude  got  him  flakrtcd,  which  sigm* 
fied  no  mete»  bnt  an  easy  bigotted  prince.  ESng 
JaflMB  L  of  Soothnd,  called  him  «<  a  sad  saint  td 
the  crown."  If  we  oonnder  the  extent  of  Scotia 
land^  no  Inngdom  had  more  relipous  places  than 
ity  and  some  of  them  of  mogniiioeDt  architecture* 
At  kngth  the  government  began  to  be  sensible 
that  the  priests,  seeing  they  had  a  foreign  de- 
pendanoe  on  Bome»  were  bad  subjects ;  to  prevent 
the  consequences  of  which^  we  find  several  acts  of 
parliament  forfaidding  them  to  go  to  Rome  without 
license  from  the  king,  or  the  chancellor  of  the 
kingdom ;  nrither  were  they  to  go  thither  to  ob» 
tain  the  collation  of  benefices  in  Scotland,  as  is 
erident  from  James  I.  pari.  7,  act  106 ;  James  III. 
pari.  6,  aet  40;  James  III.  pari.  11,  act  84; 
king  James  IV.  pari.  4,  act  38 ;  king  James  IV. 
pari.  5,  a^  59.  The  popish  authors,  as  Lesly, 
Cameraritts,  Conssus  and  others,  own,  that  when 
the  diange  of  reBgion  began,  many  things  contri- 
buted to  the  contempt  of  their  clergy,  of  which 
these  were  most  reraarkat>le,  viz.  that  by  the  am« 
bition  of  the  nobihty,  chiUren  were  made  bishops 
and  abbots ;  that  if  any  of  their  sons,  by  reason 
of  imperfections  either  of  body  or  mind,  were  in* 
capable  of  civil  business,  they  were  made  priests  ; 
that  many  of  the  rich  at>bots  neglected  their 
ehai^,  and  committed  the  management  of  their 
offices  to  t>thers,  whilst  they  in  the  meantime  aban* 
doned  themselves  to  luxury  and  idleness ;  that  the 
clergy  at  that  time  were  deeply  engaged  in  whore» 

98  THE  PftSTACS. 

dom,  for  common  harlots  were  frequently  their 
.domestics ;  and  those  who  had  solemnly  devoted 
themselves  to  religion,  spent  most  of  their  time 
both  night  and  day  in  taverns,  fire :  and  even  the 
nuns,  those  christian  vestals,  were  often  debauched 
by  their  priests.  These  things  lessened  the  re- 
gard formerly  paid  to  their  order,  bred  discon- 
tents amongst  the  people,  which  prepared  them  to 
shake  off  their  yoke.  No  doubt  but  in  this  change, 
as  well  as  in  other  revolutions,  interest  ^and  other 
passions  had  their  share.  To  prevent  that  storm 
which  threatened  them,  the  popish  clergy  per- 
suaded king  James  to  persecute  the  protestants, 
as  the  way  to  atone  for  all  bis  sins,  and  to  secure 
the  peace  oF  his  kingdom ;  they  had  but  too  much 
power  over  this  prince,  for  when  his  uncle  invited 
him  to  an  interview,  they  represented  how  wicked 
a  thing  it  was  to  have  any  conference  with  an  ex- 
communicated person,  which  in  great  measure 
hindered  it.  *  The  pope,  to  secure  the  obedieace 
of  this  king,  who  was  still  a  dutiful  son  of  the 
church,  sent  over  his  legate  Antonio  Campeggio 
in  1535,  who,  with  many  ceremonies  and  apostoli- 
cal benedictions,  delivered  him  a  cap,  and  a  sword, 
consecrated  the  night  of  the  nativity  of  our  Saviour, 
that  it  might  breed  a  terror  in  the  heart  of  a 
wicked  neighbouring  prince,  against  whom  the 
sword  was  sharpened.  The  pope  in  his  letter  to 
him  complained  oFthe  affronts  that  Henry  of  Eng- 
land had  done  to  the  church  of  Rome  by  bb  di- 
vorce, the  executing  of  cardinal  Fisher,  ifae  bishop      | 

*  Bruinmond's  histoiy  of  this  king.  - 


of  Rocbfstl^t  &ID.  aodthitbypatieneeslie  recdv* 
ed  more  wrongs,  miid  th8t;novr  8be. was, obliged  to 
use  a  seHrtng  fren,  for  theapplication  of  .which,  die 
had  reeouhie  to.  his  iiiajesl5^,  whose  aid  she  im^ 
l^redy  seeing  Henry  deserved: to  be  dethroned; 
therefore  .the  pdpiei  d^redthe  king  of  Scotland  to  ^ 
uaderlake:  something  fi>r  the  dc&uce.of  tbeohui^h,^ 
worthy  of -a  cfaortstian  king^  and^hiaiself.     Kingr 
Jantes  dissuaded,  v  the  pope  .to  excpmmunicate.bia' 
uiicle»  and  promised  to^ndeavour  what*ibe  could. 
by '  letters  or* .  olessag^s  •  to  reclaim  him.     *  King 
James  at  that  time  took  the  title  of  "  Defender,  of  . 
the  Christian  Eaitfa,^^  which  offended  his  uncle. 
Henry,  because  it  was  hb  title.-    The  proteistant 
religion  made  no  great  progress  in  this  king^s  reign ; 
but,  in  the  minority  of  queen  Mary,  the  protectants 
became  a  considerable  body,  and  what  above  all 
things  made  the  .popish  religion  odious  in  Scotland, 
was  the  cruelty  of  the  clergy :  the  cardinal  of  Lor* 
rain  and  the  duke  pf  Guise  were  for  violent  perse* 
cuting  methods,.  D^Oysel  was  recalled  because  h^, 
was  suspect^  of  Calvinism,  and  was  succeeded  by 
the  bishop  of  Amiens,  <  the  pope^s  nuncio,  after- 
wards a  cardinal,  and  la  Brosse,  the  ambassador, 
who  complained. to  the  queen  r^ent  that  she  used 
too  much  moderation  to  the  heretics,  who  deserved; 
to  be  pumsfaed  with  death  and  loss  of  their  pos^*. 
sessions.     Mary  of  Lorrain^  who  knew  the  un- 
daunted and  fierde  temper  of  the  .Scots,  saw  the 
danger  of  such  proceedings,  but  she  was  guned 
ever  at  last  to  ^ose  severe  methods;  and  when- 

•  Herbert,  AtO. 

ever  die  b^m  to  penecote^  Hbe  lotds  of  the  c»ik* 
gregatUm  dkowiied  her  autboiity^i 

In  tJm  klng^B  veign  *  gold  iniDeft  vere  fiwnd  in 
Crmwfurd  moor  1^  the  GcrmanS)  which  affbrckd 
bim  great  sums ;  thejwoold  sot  teSfim  it  in  Scot- 
land, but  after  they  faad'bai^ned  widi  the  kin^^ 
they  carried  over  the  ora  with  them  to  Geraaaoiy. 
/B^MJfes  those  ibineB  in  Cnuvftirdlmoor,  we  htkve 
amaecount  of  odiers  iio|  fiiur  ^fromit.    -f*  livlemg 
Jaittea  iV«V  reign,  the  Soots  did.  sepamte.gcdd 
ftom  Band  by  washiog*     In  iciiig  James  V.^s  time, 
three  hundred  were  employed  for  several  summers 
IB  washing  of  gold,  of  which  they  got  above  a 
hundred  thousand  fxiunds  of  English  money ;  by 
the  same  way  the  laird  of  Marcbeatone  got  gold 
in  Pentland-hills ;  great  fdenty  has  beea  got  in 
Langbam   water,  fourteen  miles  from  Leadhilt- 
house,  in  Crawfurd  moor»  and  in  Me^^t  water, 
twelve  miles,  and  over  {^inland,  sixteen  miles  from 
that  house;  and  in  many  otherplaees,  where  pieces 
erf  gold  of  thirty  ounces  weight  have  been  found, 
which  were  flat  mixed  with  tiie  spar,  some  with 
keel,  and  some  with  brtmstooe* 

In  this  king^s  reign  the  order  of  the  dbistle  was 
in  great  splendour ;  for  he  being  honoured  with 
the  order  of  the  garter  from  England,  ibat  of  St. 
Michael  from  France,  and  the  goMeo- fleece  from 
the  emperor,  he  sent  also  his  own  ocder  to  those 
princes ;  he  celebrated  the  festivals  of  them  all^ 
and  set  the  arras  of  c^h  prince,  with  their  ordars 
about  them,  over  the  gate  of  his  palace  of  Lithgow^ 

*  LesLji  Dnunto/ond.^  Otho,  £•  10. 

and  ereeted  bb  own  in  tbe  midst,  ^th  tbe  order 
of  St.  Andrew.     May  29,  1687,  at  Windsor,  king 
James  VII.  of  Sobtland  renewed  it :  in  the  act  for 
tbe  reviving  it,  we  have  the  aoeonnt  of  its  original ; 
(but  when,  the  statutes  of  that  order  were  first 
made,  and  the'cogoi^ances  of  the  knights  appoint- 
edf  is  not  BO'OHittsimi)^  ^^  The  records  give  this  fur- 
ther  aeoouDt'of  ihat  «der,  <<that  it  oonsuted  of 
twelve  knights  bretbren,  and  a  sovereign,  in  imi« 
tatioB  of  our  Saviour  and  the  twelve  apostles,  un- 
der die  protection  of  St.  Andrew  and  tbe  holy 
yirgbi,  for  tbe<  de£»iee  of  the- christian  religion; 
that-it  was  evident  from  aneient  histories,  authen- 
tic proofii,  reet>rd8,andd0cumeBtisofduitkiBgdom9 
tbat  it' continued  in  splendour  for  many  hundred 
years,  was  worn  by  several  foreign  princes  and 
kiogs,  and  honoured  in  all  places  of  Christianity 
till  the  reign  of  Mary  queen  of  Scotland,  when 
the  splendour  both  of  the  church  and  monarchy 
fell  into -coatei^pt^   then  the  order  with  its»cerer 
monies  was  extinguished ;  some  of  the  knighls,  in 
rebellious  contempt  €£  queen  Mary,  laid  tbe  en- 
rigns  of  that  order  aride,  others  of  them.Aed  tQ 
foreign  countries.^     But  in  her  majesty^s  patent 
for  the  reviving  of  it,  December  31,  1703^  the  ac- 
count of  the  disuee  of  it  is  not  so  reflecting  upon 
the  reformers ;  -  die  word^  of  the  records  are  aa 
foHewB :   <'  the  order  of  the  thistle  was  very  hon- 
ourable all  over  Europe-,  but  by  the  continued 
wars,  and  intestine  trouble^  after  king  James  V^^s 
death,  and  two  long^  -successive  minorities,,  the 
splendour  of  theerowh'was  iiimal>y  things^  ftnd 

lot  TffS  PBUFACK. 

by  many  way8>  cloudedt  add  iwoi^t  g^i^&Pih  tl»e 
regard  to  this  order  lessened/' 

The  oath  of  this  o^er,  in  king  JameB  VII,»**j» 
time,  was^  <(  Z  shall  fortify  and  defend  th?  tni^ 
christian  religion  U>  the  utmost  of  my  pawer;  I 
shall  be  lojal  and  true  to  my  sover^gn  the  Idx^gm 
aorereign  df  tbia  jnoaft  and^iMt,  Mid  m0#(  »c^le 
order  of  the  tfai^e,  and  the  bretbrm  of  the  ordinr. 
I  shaH  maintatn  the  statuliee*  priyilege8>  and  boa*^ 
oum,  of  the  said  ordec    I  thaU  neirer  bear  treaeoa 
about  in  my  heart  against  our  sov^^gn  the  luoi^ 
but  I  shall  discover  the  same  lo  him;  so  he^  me 
God  and  the  holy  church**^     This  oath  waa  a 
little  refbomed  by  ber  m4gleaty»  fipr  inste/id  of  the 
true  christian  religion,  it  is  now  the  true  {Nrot^stant 
religion  ;  aifd  the  holy  ehuich,  at  the  emip  was  left 

'  In  king  James  V.^8  life,  our  author  has  pven  a 
lavgeaiecount  of  the  sufferings,  bravery,  and  chas- 
tity, of  the  famous  lady  Jean  Bouglas,  sister  of 
d\e  earl  of  Angus ;  we  have  in  the  Scotch  hiatoiy 
another  instance  of  the  courags  and  Ipyalty  of  a 
lady  of  the  same  family.  In  ti^  reign  of  king 
James  I.  some  wicked  objects  had  conspired 
against  the  lifis  of  the  Idng,  who  was  one  of  the 
best  of  princes :  this  lady,  .than  one  of  the^  maids 
of  honour,  when  she  saw  these  murdermk  comuag 
to  assassinate  the  king,  did  run  to  the  king^s  dMan- 
ber  door  to  shut  it;^  but  fin(£ng  the  bar  taken 
away,  thrust  ber  arm  in  the  place  of  tt^  and  k0pt 
the  door  shut  till  the  conspirators  broke  her  arm 
in  pieces,  and  entered,  the  chamber,  where  thpy 
killed  the  king:  so  that  family,  which  has  had  so 


Boaojr  men  ^remarkable  -  for  bravery  >  has  ako  had 
womeDy  who,  in  sgke  of  their  %eXf  have  been  re^ 
mai:kabk  for  their  courage* 

The  second  treatise  leunongst  those  miscellanies^ 
is  the  navigation,  of  king  James  V.round  Scotland;  * 
the  author  of  it  was  Nicholas  d^Arfeville,  chief 
coraaographer  of  the  Frendi  king.     In  1546i  the 
IcK'd  Dudly,  the  Boglish  admiral,  invited  him  to 
England)  Mr.  John  Ferrier,  who  continued  Hector 
Boethius?  history,,  assisted  him  to  translate  it  intp 
Frenchi  after  which  he  presented  it  to  Henry  II. 
of  France ;    the  author,  by  the  command  of  t^he 
French  king,,  aftei^vards,  in  1547,  went  with  six- 
teen galleys  commanded  by  the  Sieur  Leon  Stroza, 
prior  of  Capua>  and  admiral  of  all  the  galleys  of 
France,  to  besiege  the  castle  of  St.  Andrews,  which 
then  held  out,  being  garrisoned  by  those  who  had 
hilled  cardinal  Beatoun.    -fr  Drummond  gives  this* 
account  of  that  voyage,  *^  that  king  James  sailed 
with  five  well-manned  ships,  and  gave  out  that  he 
designed  to  steer  his  course  to  France ;  but  it  is 
more  likely  he  designed  to  try  the  behaviour  of  the 
great  men  of  the  kingdom  in  bis  absence ;  he  ar« 
rived  at  Orkney,  placed  garrisons  in  some  forts, 
and  sailed  about  the  islands  of  Sky  and  the  Lewis  ; 
he  surprised  the  chief  of  the  clans  of  those  high- 
land islanders,  whom  he  sent  as  hostages  to  the 
castles  of  Dunbar  ton  and  Edinburgh  :  and  when, 
by  the  skill  of  one  Alexander  Lindsay  Ins  pilot,  he 
had  sounded  the  remotest  rocks  of  his  kingdom^  he 
was  driven  by  storms  to  land  at  St,  Ninians,  near 

*  SeeTicd.  iti.  oftiusGdlefctian.*^  S^minmondi  page  309. 

104  Tflk   P&EFACE. 

Whitehorn  in  Galloway.**  This  voyage  did  so 
terrify  those  islanders,  that  it  brought  long  peace 
and  quietness  to  those  places  afterwards.  This  ac- 
tive and  brave  princes  not  only  ventured  his  life  in 
pursuing  and  apprehending  robbers  and  highway- 
men, which  had  been  neglected  in  his  minority, 
but  his  care  extended  to  the  most  remote  islands 
and  rocks  of  his  kingdom  ;  by  this  voyage  he  hum- 
bled those  leaders  who  thought  they  might  set  up 
for  themselves^  and  exercise  tyranny  over  their 
vassals  and  tenants.  No  doubt  he  had  the  advan- 
tage of  the  fishing  of  herrings  and  other  fish  in  his 
view>  which  was  made  more  easy,  when  the  safest 
harbours  amongst  those  dangerous  rocks  were  dis- 
covered, the  dangers  and  the  way  to  avmd  them 
shown,  and  a  full  account  given  of  the  distances 
and  courses,  and  the  points  to  which  the  tides 
flowed,  and  the  times  of  full  sea.  This  may  be  of 
considerable  use  to  those  who  sail  about  those  islands 
for  fishing  or  otherways :  it  cannot  fail  to  please 
the  curious,  being  the  navigation  of  a  king,  and 
never  before  published  in  the  English  tongue. 

The  third  treatise  in  these  miscellanies  is  the 
Chamseleon)  *  written  by  the  famous  Mr.  George 
Buchanan  against  Lethington,  and  never  before 
published  :  that  he  is  the  author  of  it,  is  evident 
from  the  testimony  of  Cambden  his  cotemporary, 
who  "f-  gives  us  this  account  of  the  matter,  •*  that 
in  1573,  Lethington  was  sent  to  Leith)  where  he 
died  of  sickness,  yet  not  without  suspidon  of  poi- 
son :   a  man  amongst  the  Scots  of  greatest  expe- 

*  See  vol.  ii.  of  thUCo]lebtioik«.t  Huft. 

19X  FBSVACS*  106 

fi0ac»9,  and  a(  an  exeellebt  wit,  had  it  been  lesfr 
wavering.^  Upon  wliieii  aeoount  George  Bttchanim 
Im  emulator,  in  a  paper  of  bis  wbieh  he  intituled 
the'  ChaBMdeon,  sets  him  forth  in  bis  lifefame  as 
one  more  notable  than  the  Chamssleon,  and  sharp* 
If  taxetfa  bkn  as  «  6ckle  odour  changing  enemy 
to  the  kingV  grandmother,  his  mother,  Murray, 
the  king  himself  and  to  his  country*  The  learned 
Sir  Bobert  SibbaM,  in  bis  commentary  on  the 
life  of  Buchanan,  says,  Buchanan  is  the  author  of 
ChamseleoB,  but  had  not  seen  that  paper.  Thdr 
is  a  passage  in  it  which  determines  this  matter ; 
for  the  author  speaks  of  his  being  at  the  conference 
at  Yask  and  Hamptonoourt ;  now  it  is  certain  that 
Buchanan  was  there,  where  Murray  and  his  party 
bad  need  of  his.  eloquence  and  wit  to  accuse  queen 
Mary.  The  lives  and  characters  of  great  men  are 
always  instructing,  when  written  by  th€Mie  who 
were  capable  of  such  a  work :  none  donbtof  Bach* 
aoan*s  abiKty,  if  we  were  equally  certain  of  his 
impartiality ;  but  to  do  him  justice,  he  is  not  sin* 
gular  in  giving  that  diaracter  of  inconstancy  and 
shifting  parties  to  Lethington,  for  *  Spotswood 
gives  the  same  aeoount  of  him  :  **  Lethington,^ 
says  he,  <<  was  displeased  with  the  advancement  of 
David  Bizio  to  be  secretary  to  queen  Mary,  be^ 
caose  his  credit  was  thereby  impaired ;  yet  being 
one  that  could  put  on  any  disguise  on  his  nature^ 
of  dl  others  he  most  fawned  on  this  Italian.^'  Page 
196,  he  says,  '<  that  Lethington  had  a  great  hand 
in  the  discords  betwixt  queen  Mary  and  her  bus- 

•  Page  1S9. 


band,  and  persuaded  her  to  a  divorce ;"  for  Bays 
Spotswood  <<  by  bis  subtle  flatteries  he  had  got 
again  into  favour  with  the  queen.^  ^  In  another 
place,  he  says,  <*  that  Lethington  had  often  ehanged 
his  party.^  When  he  gives  an  account  of  his 
death  in  157S,  he  says,  f  « that  he  was  k  man  of 
a  deep  wit,  great  experience,  and  one  whose  coun^ 
sels  was  held  in  that  time  for  oracles ;  hilt  varilible 
and  unconstant,  turning  and  changing  from  one 
faction  to  another,  as  he  thought  it  to  be  ihost  for 
his  Interest :  this  greatly  lessened  his  reputation, 
and  failed  him  at  the  kst.*^  The  author  of  the 
memoirs  of  the  affairs  of  Scotland,  published  by 
Mr.  Crawfurd,  says,  j:  <Hhat  Morton  was  i  no 
stranger  to  Lethington^s  shifting  temper,  who  was 
out  of  his  element,  but  when  his  hand  was  in  a 
plot.^  Though  Buchanan  makes  Lethington  a  bad 
man,  yet  by  the  account  he  gives  of  him,  we  may 
easily  see  he  has  been  a  very  great  man;  and  ,in 
the  nxteenth  book  of  his  history  he  owns,  <^  that 
Lethington  was  a  youth  of  a  vast  genius,  and  great 
learning.'^  Queen  Elizabeth,  in  an  originid  letter  || 
to  the  eaH  of  Sussex,  August*  13,  1570,  gives  a 
very  great  character  of  Lethington  ;  she  is  admira- 
bly well  pleased  with  a  letter  that  Sussex  had 
written  to  him,  and  that  in  the  affairs  he  had  to 
negotiate  with  Lethington  he  had  escaped  his  cun- 
ning, who  says  she,  <*  is  accounted  the  flower  of 
the  wits  of  Scotland.'"  Randolph  and  others,  who 
at  that  time  wrote  to  Sussex,  warned  him  to  be 
cautious  in  his  transactions  with  Lethington  :  and 

•  Page  244M-t  Page  272.— J  Page  273^1]  Cal.  c  2,  foL  225, 

THS  >M¥ACX.  ^       107 

queen  Elicabetb^  by  her  ambassador  in  Scotland, 
used  all  possible  means  to  bring  him  off  from  queen 
Mary's  party  which  he  managed;  because  she 
knew  that  his  wit  was  still  a  source  of  new  contri- 
vances to  make  her  uneasy.  Buchanan  in  thir 
paper  tell  us,  ^  that  it  was  Lethington  who  dis*: 
covered  all  Murray's  and  his  party's  secrets  to  the 
bishop  df  Boss,  qaeen  Mary's  ambassador,  at  the 
conference  at  York,  for  Murray  durst  not  leave 
him  bdiind  him ;"  which  is  probaUe  enough,  see- 
ing he  went  there  agmnst  bis  will.  The.  duke  of 
Norfolk  was  blamed  for  this,  the  suspicion  of  which 
was  the  first  reason  why  qiieen  Ehzabeth  hated 
him,  and  it  was  one  of  the  articles  of  his  hospeacb* 

Buchanan  was  the  first  who  reduced  resistance 
of  kings  and  queens  to  a  system;  his  book,  de- 
Jure  Regni  apnd  Scotos,  was  written  about  the 
yen*  1567^  which  is  dear  both  from  the  prdace  of 
it,'  as  also  by  the  dialogue  itsdf»  wfaeie  it  appdara 
that  then  queen  Mary  waa  pritoner  in  Lochleven 
castle ;  for  after  he  had  spoken  of  Darnley's  death, 
he  says  '<  si  Beginam  in  Ordinem  Bedigi  mdeste 
ferunt,  be."  Bladcwood,  who  was  his  contempo^ 
rary,  in  his  Apologia  pro  Regibus,  which  he  wrote 
to  ooitfute  the  dialogue  de  Jure  Begni,  &c  assures 
us,  that  it  was  in  manuscript  long  before  it  was 
published.  .  After  this  time  many  books  were 
printed,  upon  the  same  subject,  as  Stqphani.  Junii 
Bruti  yindicias  contra  Tyrannos,  which  was  neV^r 
publisl|ed  till  the  year  1561,  though  to  conceal  the 
author,  in  jthe  title  page  it  is  siud  to  be  printed  at 
Edinbinr^,  in  1679,  but  the  true  author  was  Hu« 

btFt  Luignet^  A  Fnftieb  pp^Mtantt  m  w«  are  iii* 
fonaed  hy  Joannea  Pelrot  Luckmoos*  who  wtot^ 
hU  life,  prialed  in  ITOO^  Bayle  ia  bk  di^^ioaary 
UoftiieaanieopioiQii.  Hottomaoiii  Fraacp  GaUub 
waa  also  pcinted  in  l&^U  and  Miriaaa^s  bool^t  de 
Regis  at  BqpMtt  Instittttione,  was  not  ^ublisbed 
till  long  after. 

Buehaua'a  pen  hatf  pvoeured  bim  a  freat  many 
enemiei :  no  Wonder  that  all  the  popish  authors 
hitte  hiin^  beisause  both  in  his  history  and  hill  poems 
he  has  expoaed  that  party.  Camerarius  is  his  most 
bitter  eoemy,  he  alvays  oslls  him  a  '^prcrfuie  per- 
sdn;''  and  in  page  269  of  his  book  de  Fortitudiae 
Scotoram;  &c.  says^  <«  that  be  fled  from  Sootland 
because  he  was  accused  of  Judaism,  and  had  eaten 
the  paschal  lambb"^  Spomlanus  has  the  same  stovy, 
cd  annum  1539^  aqd  quotes  Camerarius  for  it»  who 
has  given  no  Toudiers  to  induce  tisto  believe  him* 
Lesly  who  haid  better  opportunities  to  be  acquain- 
ted with  this,  trils  ns  nothing  of  it  Blackwood 
tdls  us»  <<  that  he  ied  finm  Scotland,  because  he 
was  suspected  to  be  guilty  of  treason,*  but  not 
one  wood  of  his' Judaism ;  for  at  that  time  he  had 
disobliged  the  Frandscans  by  a  poem  of  his,  and 
they  stirred  up  a  great  many  enennesagauisthim : 
if  that  story  had  been  true,  he  had  not  been  suffered 
to  have  lived  three  yean  at  Bonrdeaox ;  nor  had 
got  out  of  the  prisons  of  the  inquiotion  at  Porter 
gal :  the  gmund  of  that  scandal  has  been  no  other 
than  this,  he  and  some  of  his  friends  had  been  eat* 
iag  lamb  before  Easter,  the  malice  of  the  priests 
could  easify  turn  it  into  a  paschal  lamb,  and  make 
Judaism  out  of  it.    Garassey  Doctrine  Cuvieose, 

THE   PBEFACB.  109 

page  50,*  makes  an  atheist  of  him,  and  that  a  little 
before  his  death  he  refused  to  pray  to  God,  and 
said,  <<  he  knew  no  other  prayer  but  a  profane  ode 
of  Propertius%  which  he  repeated,  and  so  died.*^ 
We  have  more  reason  to  believe  Sir  James  Melvill^ 
who  frequently  conversed  with  Buchanan,  and  was 
no  great  friend  of  his,  who  in  his  Memoirs,  page 
125,  gives  Buchanan  the  character  of  being  a  re^ 
ligious^man.  His  dialogue,  deJureRegni,  has 
made  all  that  are  for  pasdve  obedience  and  non-re- 
sistance his  enemies ;  because  there  he  treats  sove- 
reign princes  with  very  little  ceremony ;  and  his 
Detectio  Marise  has  displeased  those  who  have  any 
regard  for  the  memory  of  Mary  queen  of  Scots : 
his  best  friends  have  wished  that  he  had  written 
with  more  temper,  and  had  given  vouchers  for 
what  he  asserts  in  his  history.  The  Chamseleon 
was  written  originally  in  Enghsh,  we  have  changed 





The  Life  end  Deafk 







WHEN  king  James  V.  was  twenty-fbur  jean* 
old,  his  subjects  addressed  him,  that  now  it  was 
necsessary  for  him  jto  marry,  because  nothing  would 
more  effectually  contribute  to  the  safety  of  his 
person,  the  breaking  the  tocee  of  the  present  ftu> 
tions,  and  the  settling  the  public  peace,  than  chit 
dren.  Upon  the  report  of  this,  four  of  the  greatest 
princes  of  Europe  most  earnestly  desired  his  alii* 
ance.  Heiiry  VIII.  king  of  England,  who  had 
the  same  inclinations  with  -  his  predecessors  to  an- 
neX'Seotland  to  England,  offered  him  the  princess 


Mary,  his  duughter  by  queen  Catherine ;  and  for 
that  end  he  sent  William  Howard,  brother  to  the 
duke  of  Norfolk,  to  the  court  of  Scotland,  to  nego- 
tiate  an  interview  betwixt  the  two  kings,  that  they 
might  confer  together  about  affurs  that  concerned 
their  own  peace,  and  that  of  their  subjects;  he  as- 
sured the  king,  that  upon  the  consummating  of 
that  marriage,  his  master  would  declare  him  his 
successor  to  the  crown  of  England ;  and  as  a  tes- 
timony of  the  sincerity  of  his  intention,  king  James 
should  immediately  be  created  duke  of  York,  and 
lieutenant-general  of  England.  Nothing  could  be 
more  desirable  than  this,  which  certainly  would 
have  put  an  end  to  the  inveterate  hatred  betwixt 
the  two  kingdoms,  which  had  occasioned  so  great 
expense  of  blood  and  treasure,  in  room  of  which  a 
sincere  amity  would  have  followed.  But  unluckily 
at  that  time  two  kinds  of  persons  had  an  ascendant 
over  the  spirit  of  that  prince,  who  dissuaded  him 
both  from  the  match,  and  the  interview.  In  the 
first  place,  the  churchmen  were  afraid  if  that  mar- 
riage had  been  concluded,  the  king  would  easily 
be  persuaded  to  a  change  of  religion,  seeing  al- 
ready he  was  sufficiently  displeased  with  the  ava- 
rice of  several  of  the  pope's  legates  in  Scotland, 
and  according  to  the  example  of  his  uncle  Henry 
VIII.  he  might  be  brought  to  establish  the  pio- 
testant  religion,  and  abolish  popery ;  so  to  pre- 
vent those  consequences,  they  represented  to  the 
king,  ^<  that  his  mortal  enemy,  Henry  VIII.  bad 
no  other  view,  in  desiring  so  earnestly  that  con- 
ference, but  to  ensnare  him,  and  had  a  design 
upon  his  liberty ;  dutt  it  would  be  an  instance  of 

OF  XIKG  JAM£S  ▼•  113, 

extoeme  eanness  and  rashness,  to  endanger  bb  . 
crown,  life,  and  liberty,  for  the  sake  of  those  amu- 
sing promises.  They  reminded  him  how  barbar- 
ously his  predeoessor  king  James  I.  bad  been 
treated  by  Henry  II.  who,  though  he  landed  in 
England-  even  in  the  time  of  a  truce,  was  there  de« 
tained  jlrisoper  e^hteen  years,  and  at  last  his 
subjects  were  fiyroed  to  pay  eighteen  thousand 
crowns  for  his  ransom ;  and  seeing  we  are  to  mea* 
sure  mankind  more  by  what  has  been,  than  what 
ought  to  be,  it  was  needful  to  remember  that  king's 
never  fail  to  improve  all  <^pportonities  against  their 
eaeones ;  and  that  they  have  always  a  greater  re* 
gard  to  satisfy  their  ambition,  than  to  avoid  the 
repioaches  due  to  infamous  and  ui^ust  actions. 

^  And  from  the  time  he  fell  into  his  uncle*s  power, 
he  may  &Lpect  to  be  entirely  determined  by  his 
pleasure  and  humours.  Further,  that  Henry  not 
only  intended  to  seiee  his  person,  and  invade  his 
kingdom;  but  above  all,  he  designed  to  ruin  his 
soul,  and  poison  it  with  his  own  heresy,  to  which 
he  was  proselyted  by  the  sinful  liberty  it  allowed 
him  to  live  according  to  his  lusts ;  so  it  is  no  ^uk^c— 
der  that  sensual  princes  are  easily  perverted  to 
that  error :  and  in  fine,  seeing  his  person,  oon- 
sdence,  and  kingdom,  would  be  in  viable  dangerv  ' 
it  was  no  ways  safe  for  him  to  enter  into  any  con"* 
ferenoe  inth  such  a  politic  and  designing  prince^ 
who  would  use  all  posnble  means  to  seduce 
him  from  that  taithf  which  was  professed  and 
teught  in  ScotUnd  earlier  than  in  any  other  king* 
dom  in  Christendom.^  On  the  other  band,  James 
Hanullon,  earl  of  AmuH  next  heir  to4he  crown. 

114  THE  LIFE  AND  DEATH   . 

ufled  all  his  interest  and  endeavours  to  disappcwt 
that  interview,  and  defeat  the  deagned  alliance  ; 
so  to  disguise  his  true  motive,  he  insinuated,  ^  that 
the  match  with  the  princess  Mary  would  not  an- 
swer the  end  of  it,  which  was,  to  have  an  heir  to 
the  crown  as  soon  as  possible ;  for  rbecause  <^  her 
childhood  she  would  not  be  marriageable  for  a 
long  time,  and  that  the  marriage  of  an  infant  was 
not  at  all  adviseable,  in  the  case  of  a  prince,  who 
was  already  weary  of  a  single  life.  It  would  be 
seen  that  his  uncle^s  promises  and  performances 
were  as  contrary  as  falsehood  and  truth;  in  a 
word,  that  it  was  evident  to  all  thinking  people, 
that  the  king  of  England  ^ was  chiefly  moved  to 
that .  match,  that  by  it  he  mi^t  at  any  time  more 
easily  enter  Scotland^  to  embrcnl  the  kingdom,  and 
to  contrive  his  pernidous  designs.^  Kuig  James 
was  so  sensibly  moved  by  those  reasons,  that  he 
was  over*persuaded  to  dismiss  the  English  amba^ 
sadors,  with  acknowledgments  of  the  great  thanks 
he  owed  to  his  uncle  Henry  VIII.  though  in  the 
mean  time  he  did.  not  give  a  positive  refusal. 

Amediately  after,  the  emperor  Charles  V.  dis- 
patched his  ambassador,  Henry  Godscallo,  secretly 
from  Tdedo,  to  Edinburgh;  the  emperor,  had 
.nothing  more  at  heart  at  that  time  than  to  weaken 
France,  which  was  the  greatest  obstacle  to  the 
progress  of  his  victories,  towards  the  compassii^ 
of  which,  it  was  most  adviseable  to  endeavour  to 
break  the  old  alliance  betwixt  France  and  Scot- 
land.   -  . 

When  Godscallo  was  admitted  to  the  king^s 
pn^sence,  he  b^an  hia  harangue  thus :  .<<  Ttus  is- 

OF  KIH6  JAMES  V.  115 

the  peculiar  advantage  of  illustrious  virtue,  that  it 
engages  even  those  who  have  not  the  happiness  to 
be  witnesses  of  it,  to  admire  and  love  it ;  the  re- 
putation of  your  abilities  has  reached  the  ears  of 
my  master  the  emperor,  though  unacquainted  with 
your  person,  which  has  induced  him  to  send  me  to 
you,  as  a  proof  of  the  great  esteem  he  has  of  your 
merit ;  upon  that  consideration  he  designs  to  ho- 
nour you  with  his  alliance,  which  he  refused  to 
other  kings  not  inferior  to  you  in  power  and  va- 
lour, and  for  you  he  has  reserved  that  favour.     He 
offers  you  the  choice  of  two  persons,  very  dear  to 
him,  viz.  madam  Mary  of  Austria,  his  sister,  wi- 
dow of  Lewis  king  of  Hungary,  or  of  madam 
Mary  of  Portugal,  his  niece,  the  daughter  of  his 
own  sister,  the  lady  Eleanor  of  Austria,  both  de- 
scended from  the  imperial  eacle,  who  disdained 
alliance  with  any  but  with  invincible  hearts,  such 
as  yours  is.     Consider,  Sir,  that  none  of  your  pre- 
decessors had  ever  such  an  honour  done  them, 
that  a  triumphant  emperor,  who  by  his  numerous 
and  victorious  armies,  is  a  match  for  all  the  po- 
tentates of  the  earth,  should  court  your  alliance ; 
not  that  he  expects  any  aid  from  you  by  this  mar- 
riage, but  his  only  inducement  is^  to  satisfy  the 
great  incfination  he  has  to  love  and  oblige  you.^ 

This  haughty  and  insolent  speech  had  cer- 
tainly provoked  the  king  to  answer  him  in  his 
own  way,  if  reasons  of  state  and  prudence  had  not 
hindered  him ;  so  he  practised  that  modesty,  which 
a  great  prince  ought  to  observe  in  all  his  actions, 
and  excused  Godscallo^s  behaviour,  and  imputed 



i^  either  to  the  genius  of  the  nation,  or  to  hit  edu- 

.The  king  answered  him  very  courteously,  and 
to^  him,  <*  that  his  interest  and  that  of  his  people 
wei^e  inseparably  united,  so  that  it  was  no  wonder 
if  he  could  deteriiiine  nothing  in  a  matter,  on  which 
the  happiness  or  misery  of  his  subjects  very  mudi 
depended,  without  the  advice  of  his  nobility  and 
chief  ministers  of  state ;  but  wpiild  so  soon  as  pos- 
nble  convene  them,  to  know  their  minds  in  that 

After  thii^  the  king  set  out  for  Stirling,  where 
he  summoned  the  estates  o£  parliament  to  meet 
him ;  when  they  were  assembled,  be  communica- 
ted to  them  the  emperor^s  proposals,  which  were 
debated  publicly  in  parliament*  The  king  dien 
observed  many,  but  chiefly  the  churchmen,  to  be 
very  inclinable  to  that  match,  as  the  best  expe- 
dient to  preserve  the  peace  of  the  kingdom. 
Amongst  whom  the  archbishop  of  Glasgow,  a  man 
of  experience  and  piety,  being  wiurmed  with  seal 
for  the  public  good,  made  the  following  speech : 
*<  Sir,  it  is  criminal  for  us,  next  to  the  wqrsfaip  of 
God,  to  account  any  thing  dearer  than  the  person 
of  our  king,  and  the  good  of  our  country  ;  upon 
which  two,  turns  the  small  happiness  this  mortal 
life  of  ours  is  capable  of;  the  relation  betwixt 
which  is  such,  that  we  cannot  watch  for  the  safety 
of  the  one,  unless  we  provide  for  the  preservation 
of  the  other,  whence  it  comes  that  we  are  sharers 
in  the  good  or  eyil  that  befals  our  kings ;  and  on 
the  other  hand,  our  calamities  impairs  the  strength 
of  our  sovereigns,  and  disarms  their  courage*  Upon 

OV  tIKa  JAMKS  T.  117 

%hk  oonoderation,  when  in  the  time  of  your  minori- 
^79  we  your  sulgects  felt  so  sensibly  the  wrath  of 
iMttveliy  and  aa£Pered  both  by  foreign  and  domestic 
wara,  which  so  (^spirited  us,  that  we  were  upon 
the  point  of  leaving  our  native  country,  tad  the 
sepukbres  of  our  forefathers,  and  to  travelto  other 
nations,  wh^re  we  m^ht  die  in  peace,  if  we  bad 
not  been  restrained  by  the  hopes  we  conceived, 
that  your  being  of  age,  would  put  an  end  to  our 
troubles,  and  that  then  you  would  strengthen  your 
self  with  some  honourable  alliance,  whereby  we 
might  be  rescued  from  ruin.  Noi^  when  we  are 
possessed  of  that  blessing  which  we  so  long  wished 
for,  and  when  such  a  victinious  and  powerful 
prince  as  the  emperor  Charles  V.  is  desirous  of 
your  friendship,  and  offers  you  the  choice  of  two 
fair  and  virtuous  princesses  of  his  family ;  what 
can  now  hinder  that  happiness,  on  which  depends 
your  glory,  and  our  safety  ?  Your  neighbour, 
Henry  VIII,  is  the  declared  eneipy  of  your  king- 
dom, and  your  consciences,  and  waits  for  an  occa« 
moa  to  embroil  the  affairs  of  Scotland ;  and  seeing 
he  has  miscarried  in  his  designs  to  subdue  our 
country :  the  prospect  he  has  to  sow  his  heresy 
amongst  us,  is  some  comfort  to  his  malicious  spirit. 
But  so  soon  as  he  shall  see  you  allied  with  the 
house  of  Austria,  he  will  abandon  all  his  enters 
psifles  against  you,  and  turn  his  designs  another 
way.  .  We  observe  many  families  in  this  nation 
already  infected  with  this  heresy,  who  upon  this 
marriage  will  think  of  returning  to  the  church, 
or  of  retiring  to  England.  In  a  word,  seeing  this 
match  is  so  vi^bly  necessary  for  the  support  of 

116  THS  UrB  IkHD  HfeATM 

your  kingdom,  and  the  cause  of  rdigioib  dierefiire 
why  should  the  discourses  of  thcfse  piwml  upon 
you,  who  dissuade  you  from  that  Mmme,  eifjaor 
out  of  hatred  to  the  Austrian  family^  or  to  proiaote 
their  particuhir  interests  ?  Hiow  ^aia  is  it  to  be 
jaalotts,  that  the  enrperor  derigus  t»  invade  Scot* 
land,  and  thinli»  hf  that  matdh  tie  shall  haire  n 
preteiice  for  sudi  a  design,  ^seevag  he  has  work 
enough  nearer  liome  for  his  vietonaus  araisf  If 
you  delay  the  the  embracing  of  those  oiFerB,  Henry 
VIII.  widts  for  an  occasion  to  defeat  that  treaty^ 
being  enraged  that  you  refused  to  marry  his  daugh- 
ter ;  whose  resentment  may  be  dangerous  at'tUs 
time,  when  the  kingdom  is  much  weakened  by  a 
long  minority,  and  former  wars,  and  by  the  present 
parties  and  factions :  do  not  therefore,  Sir,  delay 
that  work,  which  is  so  much  for  the  ^ory  of  God, 
the  advancement  of  religion,  the  surpport  of  your 
crown,  and'the  peace  of  your  Bubjeots.'" 

This  discourse  made  some  impression  upon  the 
king ;  the  rest  of  the  counsellora  obsevviDg  the 
king^s  inclination,  were  upon  the  reserve^  and  de* 
dined  giving  th^r  ojnnion,  either  because  they 
would  not  discover  that  their  sentiments  differed 
,  frdm  his,  or  that  it  is  dangerous  to  |^ve  advice  to 
young  kings  in  the  affairs  of  their  marriage ;  for 
if  every  thing  do  not  answer  their  expectation, 
those  who  recommended  that  match  are  sure  to 
l^ear  the  blame ;  though  frequently  their  pretended 
disappointment  is  rather  to  be  attribnted  to  thdr 
own  inconstancy  and  fickle  humour,  than  the  un- 
ittthfiilness  of  their  ministers.  This  reservednesa 
displeased  the  king^  who  expected  that  didr  seal 

Qrxiir&  JAKBs  V.  119 

ihr  llie  gaoi  df  tbeir  coutUarj,  wouM  have  mode 
diem  apeak  theit'WiiBdi  froely  ;-  and  having  diown 
Ilia  dispieasine  at  their' camdnct)  he  peremptorxly 
GOBranMided  Mr.  Thomas  Enddne,  die  master  of 
requests^  a  person  of  great  exporience^  asad  can* 
dour,  todeelare  his  ofmiion  aboat  the  matches  pro- 
posed 1^  tiMr  empesor.  in  obedience  to  the  king^s 
eomenaod,  Mr.  Enkine  made  the  fcdbmng  speech. 
<^  If  the  regard  due  ta  yoar  mqesty  had  not 
inndered  mci  to  speak  upon  thisaffidr  without  your 
express  eovMDands,  you  ahould  have  known  my 
aenfimentsbislbiie  tiiis  time.  The  proposed  alliance 
-with,  the  emperor  is  extremely  dsngenms,  and 
liHit  the  vaifaieT^  beemise  the  bod  consequences  p( 
it  are  not  foreseen.  None  can  deny  that  those 
odfers  by  so  great  aprinee  are  very  nrach  for  your 
hononr,  notwithstanding  whicfa^  you  ou^  to  co». 
Hder  the  issue ;  for  frequently  pernicious  desi^is 
he  bid  under  the  colour  of  marrisgck  It  is  a  long 
timet  Sktf  since  amhkion  has  banbhed  true  love 
and  sincerity  ftom  the  marriages  of  Ungs  i^  for  we 
see  dmly,  that  most  princes  have  chiefly  in  their 
view,  by  such  treaties,  ekh^  thek  own  interest,  or 
the  ruin  oi  their  new.  allies.  Yon  may  be  assured 
the  emperor  b  not  so  disinteffested  in  this  matter 
as  he  pretends^  His  design  is  to  draw  you  off 
fmn  the  French,  your  oki  allies^  that  he  may  the 
mere  easify  attack  you,  when  you  are  ei^ged  by 
articles  to  give  them  no  assistance.  It  is  visible  to 
every  body,  that  these  many  years  he  has  hsd  no- 
thing more  at  heart  than  the  destructbn  of  FraiM^, 
the  greatest  hiBdenuice  of  tho  universal  monarchy 
he  has  progrected :  his  exorbitant  ambitkm  has  no 


bounds ;  for  the  end  of  one  conquest  is  but  a 
plaunble  pretext  to  begin  another.  And  ifdesart 
and  barren  places,  and  the  very  distant  rocks  of  the 
sea  are  not  safe  from  bis  arms,  you  have  no  reason 
to  think,  but  that  he  will  also  pretend  some  quarrel^ 
•that  he  may- begin  a  war  with  you:  for  ambition 
is  a  savage  bea^  which  spares  none ;  and  frequent* 
ly  the  nearest  relations  are  most  exposed  to  its 
fiiry.  This  obliges  the  &ther  to  have  a  watchful 
eye  over  the  son,  and  frequently  the  tie  of  natare 
is  not  strong  «M>ugh  to  restrain  the  son  from  rob* 
l»ng  his  father  of  his  crown ; .  and  what  may  then 
be  expected  in  the  case  of  a  more  remote  relation  ? 
Therefore  you  have  no  reason  to  trust,  in  that  «!• 
liance  with  the  emperor ;  for  reasons  of  state,  and 
his  own  convenience,  will  certainly  det^mine  him 
more  than  alliances,  or  any  other  considerations 
His  pretended  love  to  you  is  not  so  much  the 
reason  of  that  proposal  (which  he  would  be  glad 
to  have  you  believe)  as  his  design  to  make  a  party 
in  your  kingdom,  to  entice  your  officers  to  desert 
your  service,  to  disunite  you  from  your  andent 
fnendsi  and  to  sow  the  seeds  of  faction  and  divi* 
sion  amongst  your  subjects,  that  when  a  fit  oppor- 
tunity  shall  offer^  he  may  wrest  .the  sceptre  out  of 
your  hands;  which  he  would. never  have  attemp- 
ted, if  you  had  not  entered  into  treaties  and  alli- 
ances with- him.  And  suppose  his  designs  are  not 
so  bad,  his  conduct  in  this  matter  shows,  that  he 
is  afraid  least  you  should  reject  his  alliance,  sering 
he  ^ves  you  the  choice  of  two  princesses,  both  of 
his  blood,  that  you  may  be  the  less  excusable  if 
vou  refuse  his  oSevs*    What  treatment  may  you 

^  tma  SAUM  ▼.  121 

csipeet  from  him  After  the  m«ro«ge»  wlien  akeadyt 
tboiigb  tbeiir  is  no  tie  or  treaty  betwixt  you,  bis 
ambfissadinv  propose  that  affair  witb  sudi  haugbty 
insdeooe^asiftEat  you  alone,  and  not  tbe  emperor, 
were  to  bave  honoiw  by  that  dttaace  ?  we  all  know 
tbat  KAGW  which  Godasallo  boasts  ctf  is  tbe  arms 
of  the  eQipirc^  whicb}  beidg  elective,  if  merit  and 
vaknr  gave  as  gpod  a  title  to  it  as  intrigue^  scii-. 
cUatim,  and  cabals,  you  might  bid  as  fur  for  it 
as  hifnself.    It  is  suflieiwtly  apparent,  tbAtmar^- 
riage,  instead  of  being  advMitageoua  to  you,  will 
nsake  all  your  nagbbours  jealous  of  yoo^  and  your 
allies  sttspiebus,  without  any  real  aasoxance  of  as^ 
aiatance  from  him  in  your  greatest  neeessi^ ;  and 
wb«  you  are  attacked  by  your  enemies,  any  aid 
you  can  e:qiect  froni  him  will  always  come  too 
late,  whatever  timely  notice  you  give ;  bis  troops 
would  no  sooner  land  in  your  kingdom,  but  you 
must  expect  the  same  fdunderings  and  ravages 
from  them  as  from  an  enemy's.    And  how  ridicu- 
lous is  it  to  fiittcy,  that  the  catholic  fbith  professed 
in  Scodand  shfdl  receive  any  support  from  that 
alliance?  as  if  th^  Scots  wanted  to  learn  religion 
from  tbem,  who  received  the  christiaii  religion 
long  before  the  Spaniards.    Their  lives  are  neither 
ao  ^Mnplary,  nor  their  dkoquence  so  persuading^ 
that  we  are  in  any  want  of  their  instructions: 
there  arelmany  princes  in  Europe  whose  alliance 
is  more  for  your  interest,  for  which,  I  hope.  Sir, 
you  wiU  reserve  yourself;  the  empeior^s  proposals 
flowing  from  such  a  selfish  princi]^,can  never  ad«* 
vance  the  honour  of  Grod ;  and  how  can  you  ex- 
pect aay  advantage  by  it»  sedng  it  will  infidhUy 


engage  your  person  in  constant  dangers  ?  and  little 
satisfaction  can  your  subjects  reap  firom  it;  because 
your  marriage  will  be  so  far  from  putting  an  end 
to  their  miseries,  as  they  hoped  it  would^  that  it 
will  only  serve  to  increase  them.^ 

This  discourse  pleased  the  king  so  well  that  he 
was  resolvedimmediately  to  give  an  andienceof  leave 
to  the  imperial  ambassador,  wherein  he  told  him  in  a 
few  words,  You  may  acquaint  your  master  the  em* 
perdr,  that  I  am  very  sensible  of  his  affection  by  the 
offers  he  has  made  me ;  and  that  he  conquers  as 
much  by  his  civilities  as  by  his  arms :  the  kind  o& 
fers  of  bis  alliance  has  so  gained  upon  me,  ibat  none 
of  the  princes  of  his  own  house  can  be  more 
ready  to  please  hkm  than  I  am ;  but  I  hope  be 
win  excuse  me,  if  I  do  not  presently  embrace 
these  obliging  offers ;  because  I  ;im  not  yet  dis^i^- 
gaged  from  the  match  proposed  by  the  king  of 
England  before  your  coming  to  this  country.  I 
desire  you  to  assure  die  emperor,  that  upon  aU 
occasions  I  shall  testify  the  sense  I  have  of  this 
great  favour.  . .  • 

Scarcely  ha^*  GrodscaUo  left  the  kingdom,  whmi 
Christiern  II.  king  of  Denmark^  sent  to  him,  to 
know'  if  he  were  cotitent  to  marry  either  the  lady 
Dorothy  his  eldest  daughter,  or  tbe  lady  Elisabeth 
of  Austria,  the  emperor  Charles  V/s  sister ;  not- 
withstanding  she  had  been  pre-contracted  to  Fred- 
eric, elector  palatine  of  the  Rhine;  for  this  Idag 
had  more  regard  to  his  interest  than  to  his  promise* 
The  beauty,  and  other  accomplishments  of  this 
lady  were  such,  that  king  James  had  certainly 
consented  to  marry  ber^  if  he  had  not  been  unwiK 

•F  Tl'M  iAMEB  V.  12S 

ling  to  displease  the  emperor  vho  was  guarrantee 
of  the  treaty  <rf  marriage  betwixt  her  and  the  elec- 

Whilst  those  designs,  which  heaven  Masted, 
were  contriving  against  France,  Francis  I.*  on  hia 
part  n^lected  nothing  that  was  necessary  to  pre- 
serve the  ancient  alliance  with  Scotland ;  and  king 
James  on  his  part,  to  riiow  the  affection  he  had  to 
France,  resolved  at  last  to  match  with  some  of  the 
royal  &mily  of  that  kingdom,  from  whence  he 
could  expect  the  surest  asmstance  when  his  affairs 
wanted  it.  For  this  end  he  sent  bis  ambassadors 
to  France,  viz.  James  earl  of  Murray,  bis  bastard 
brother,  William  Stuart,  bishop  of  Aberdeen, 
John  Erskine,  and  Robert  Reists,  to  negotiate  a 
marriage  betwixt  him  and  the  lady  Magdalen  of 
France ;  the  French  king  received  them  courteous- 
ly, but  was  greatly  at  a  loss  what  to  do  in.  that 
matter,  se^g  the  design  of  the  marriage  was  to 
tie  the  two  kingdoms  together  by  a  more  close  al- 
liance: he  was  afrud  that  both  their  enemies 
would  make  use  of  that  match  as  a  handle  to  disu- 
nite them,  because  king  James  could  not  promise 
himself  any  children  by  bis  daughter,  who  was  a 
fflokly  lady,  so  in  the  end  would  rather  prove  the 
occasion  of  indifference  betwixt  them :  Francis 
therefore  proposed  to  the  ambassadors  a  match  be- 
twixt their  master  and  the  lady  Mary  of  Bourbon, 
the  daughter  of  Charles  duke  of  Vendosme ;  the 
ambassadors  refused  to  tueat  about  it  without  in* 
structions  from  king  James,  so  derired  time  to  ac- 
quaint him  with  the  proposal,  and  to  know  his 

Now  whilst  king  James  waited  fo  news  firom 
bis  anfaasaadors,  his  kingdom  being  then  in  per- 
fect peaioe,  this  active  prince  not  loving  to  stay 
long  in-  one  place,  rea^lv^  under  colour  of  visit- 
ing his  ports  and  havens,  to  siul  round  his  king- 
don,  even  to  the  Western  Isles,  that  be  might  ooa* 
strain  some  geotlemen  thare  to  be  better  subjects, 
who  Uvifl^  at  a  great  distance  fixnii  the  court,  and 
that  in  pbees  naturally  fortified  and  stroqg,  thought 
they  might  be  dispensed  with  aa  to  any  obedience 
to  thdr  soveragn.    Upon  his  arrival  he  ordered 
the  building  of  two  forts,  the  one  upon  his  own 
charge,  the  other  at  the  expense  of  the  Insfafip  of 
the  isles,  to  curb  the  violent  and  ungovernable 
temper  of  the^  inhaUtants ;  after  that  he  dbl^;ed 
the  prindpal  men  of  those  isles  to  coiine  and  swear 
all^iance  to  bun;   those  who  had  continued  in 
thdr  duty  had  liberty  to  return  home,  only  they 
were  to  pay  yearly  some  small  taxes  to  the  king; 
those  who  liad  been  rebels,  were  either  fiHt^ed  to 
g^  hostages  for  their  good  behaviour  for  the  fa* 
ture,  or  to  follow  his  majesty,  who  sent  some  of 
than  to  the  castle  of  Edinbur  j^  and  the  rest  to 
Dunbarton,  whidi  John  Stuart,  lord  d'Aubigny, 
had  delivered  to  him  a  little  time  before  by  order 
of  the  king  of  France ;  for  till  then  it  was  garri- 
soned by  Frenchmen. 

This  voyage  being  happily  ooadudedy  when 
the  king  was  come  to  Edinbuigh,  he  rec^ved 
letters  irom  his  aa^bassadors,  in  which  they  ac- 
quaint him  with  the  kind  reception  they  had  re* 
cdved  at  the  court  of  France;  for  the  French 
king  told  them^  that  he  should  be  glad  of  the  bo- 



Bour  of  that 'alliance,  but  only  was  sorry  that  his 
eldest  daughter  was  dckly,  his  other  daughters 
were  too  young,  and  at  present  there  were  none 
of  his  relations  that  were  worthy  of  that  honour, 
except  the  lady  Mary  of  Vendosme,  an  admira- 
ble and  chamding'  princess  of  the  blood  royal. 
They  said,  they  could  not  give  any  answer  to 
that  proposal,  because  they  were  limited  by  th^ 
instructions.  This  account  of  affairs  made  the 
Jcing  very  melancholy ;  sometimes  he  doubted  lest 
some  selfish  views  in  the  earl  of  Murray,  and  the 
bishop  of  Aberdeen,  might  inchne  them  to  em- 
barrass that  match ;  at  another  time,  the  cofifi* 
denoe  he  had  in  John  Erskine,  and  Robert  Beists, 
made  him  easy ;  because  he  was  sure  th^  would 
not  betray  the  trust  reposed  in  them,  but  would 
use  all  possible  application  towards  the  acooni- 
plishing  the  desired  match:  notwithstanding*  to 
prevent  delays,  and  oonadering  that  the  great 
reason  why  the  matches  of  most  princes  are  so  un- 
happy, is,  because  they  never  see  their  queens  be- 
fore marriage,  he  determined  to  g6  over  to  France, 
and  to  court  in  person:  but  the  great  heats  at 
that  time  obliged  him  to  defer  his  voyage  till  they 
were  a  little  abated. 

In  the  mean  time,  he  observed  that  the  opiraon 
of  Luther  increased  extremely  in  Scotland,  and 
believed  it  was  his  duty  utterly  to  extirpate  the 
ptotestant  religion,  lest  if  he  delayed  that  necessa- 
ry workr  as  he  supposed,  it  nright  in  the  end  sup- 
phmt  and  banish  popery,  which  he  accounted  the 
foundation  of  his  authority ;  some  took  the  firee- 
dom  to  tell  him,  «*  that  heresy  was  a  scourge  sent 

193  THE  LUS  AK0  DEATH 

from  faearvea  upon  tbe  souls  of  men  for  the  puniah- 
ment  of  their  sins,  and  that  all  persecution  was  in 
vain,  seeing  the  distemper  was  within  the  soul, 
whieb'conld  not  be  reaehed  by  anj  hmmaii  memns ; 
fer  it  belonged  only  to  Grod  to  more  and  ooBvert 
the  mind :  so  that  methoda  of  aiguments,  and 
gentleness,  were  more  likely  to  gain  upon  the 
spirits  of  men,  than  those  of  persecution,  rags  and 
fbry,  seeing  error  was  the  effect  of  hunuut  fraiky ; 
that  after  he  had  used  rational  means  of  covmcdon, 
he  ought  to  wait  for  the  blessing  of  Giod  upon 
such  laudable  endeavours:  so  that  the  least  he 
could  do  in  that  case  was  to  grant  a  toleration  to 
the  protestants.^  Others  on  the  contrary  spake 
tbns  to'  the  king :  <<  that  it  was  impious  to  waSBt 
a  plurality  of  religions,  which  was  contrary  to  the 
linity  of  the  dndne  nature;  that  Crod  would  be 
worshipped  with  one  heart,  and  after  the  same  uuh 
fttfra  manner ;  the  tnmquillity  and  peace  of  king^ 
doms  could  not  be  firmly  established,  where  the 
trne  way  of  worshipping  God  was  not  fixed  and 
determined,  widionit  any  toleration  granted  to 
heretics ;  otherwise  the  persons  of  kings  would  be 
in  perpetual  danger :  for  whetf  the  quarrel  of  re- 
li^on  has  divided  your  subjects  into  fieictions^  and 
enraged  them  against  each  other,  bigotry  shall  so 
fnrevail  upon  them,  that  they  shall  be  regardless 
even  of  death  itself,  every  day  your  sacred  person 
shall  be  in  danger  from'  some  desperate  devotee, 
who  shall  think  it  his  duty  to  be  your  sworn  ene- 
my, because  you  are  not  of  his  beHef.  What  is 
more  frequent  than  murder  and  aBsasmnarioas 
where  di#erent  sects  prevail  f    For  eadi-  is  per- 

9W  KINO  JAM8S   V*  187 

suaded, that  the  truth  is  only  to  be  found  with 
their  party,  they  think  that  the  cause  of  reUgioa 
will  bear  them  out,  in  killing  those  whom- they  ac- 
oount  blasphemers  of  Grod :  but  on  the  cooutrary, 
where  the  same  religbn  is  unanimously  professed, 
the  suhjeets  a^e  more  governable  and  peaceri>le^ 
and  taone  observing  and  obedient  to  die  laws  of 
tbdfl*  sovereigns.    Nothing  can  so  effiectually  mute 
the.  affections  of  your  subjects,  or  so  forcibly  dis* 
pose  them  to  a  continuanoe  in  their  duty  to  your 
majesty,  and  prevent  rebellion,  than  an  uniformity 
in  worship  and  doctrine ;  this  should  oblige  you 
to  defend  the  catholic  religion,  seeing  the  crown 
and  it  have  inseparably  been  conveyed  to  you  from 
your  ancestors :   and  if  kings  will  not  allow  that 
any  should  share  in  their  dignities  but  themselves, 
neither  is  it  tolerable  that  l^e  service  and  worship 
of  God  should  be  prophaned  and  deserted.     In 
fine,  though  it  is  reasonable  to  make  serious  ad* 
dresses  to  heaven,  that  God  may.  be  plolseii  to 
root  out  heresy  out  of  the  hearts  of  men ;   yet 
whilst  we  wait  for  that  blessing  horn  above,  it  is 
necessaiy,  in  the  mean  time,  to  make  use  of  the 
secular  arm  to  chastise  the  ringleaders  of  heresy* 
that  the  fear  of  punishment  may  preserve  the 
minds  of  your  people  from  the  infection  of  error**^ 
Those  reasons  prevailed  upon  the  king.  Upon 
which   be   published   severe   and   rigorous  laws 
against-  all  protestants  within  his  dominions,  and 
established  a  court  of  inquisition,  the  judges  where«> 
of  were  to  make  strict  search  for  all  thoee  that 
professed  the  new  religion ;  many  were  discovered^ 
who  were  cruelly  put  to  death,  the  king  hoping 


that  those  severe  measures  would  ocrtainlj  extir- 
pate the  protestaat  religion. 

During  those  cruelties,  Henry  VIII.  who  had 
renounced  all  obedience  to  the  popcf  and  had  em- 
.  braced  the  doctrines  of  Luther,  sent  the  bishop 
of  St.  Davids  to  hb  nephew  king  James,  with 
books  printed  in  England,  which  contained  an 
account  of  the  prindples  of  the  religion  then  esta- 
blished there.  He  helped  that  by  the  reading  of 
them  king  James  would  be  persuaded  to  disown 
the  pope's  authority.  In  his  letters  he  earnestly 
intreated  his  nephew  to  read  those  books  carefully 
?dthout  prejudice,  which  he  refused  to  do,  till  he 
had  first  got  them  to  be  examined  by  learned  and 
religious  men,  who  upon  perusing  them,  reported 
that  they  contidned  nothing  but  lies  and  impos- 
tures, and  heartily  thanked  God  that  his  majesty 
had  escaped  that  snare  which  his  uncle  had  laid 
for  him,  and  that  he  would  not  pollute  his  eyes 
with  the  reading  such  dangerous  books. 

At  this  time  robberies  were  so  frequent  upon 
the  highways,  that  all  business  and  trade  was  at  a 
stan^ ;  this  was  owing  to  the  negUgence  of  the 
sberifPs,  who  suffered  robbers  and  thieves  to  es- 
cape unpunished.  To  put  an  end  to  those  disor- 
ders, the  king  established  a  justidary  court  at 

«  The  king  now  being  uneasy  with  impatience, 
because  his  ambassadors  were  npt  like  to  conclude 
the  marriage  with  that  despatch  he  wished  for, 
notwithstanding  the  inoonvenienoies  of  the  season, 
resolved  to  sail  for  France,  and  having  given  or- 
ders that  a  fleet  should  be  ready,  he  went  a-board 


At  Leith,  together  with  the  great  ministers  of  his 
cx>urt,  without  owning  whither  he ^ was  bound; 
many  thought  he  designed  to  go  into  England  to 
visit  his  uncle,  and  now  repented,  that  the  former 
year  he  refused  an  interview  with  that  king; 
they  were  scarcely  got  out  of  the  haven,  when  a 
storm  began  to  rise,  and  the  wind  turned  contra- 
ry :.  upon  this  the  pilot  asked  the  king  which  way 
they  should  steer  their  course  ?  he  answered, 
**  whither  you  please  except  to  England/V  This 
convinced  them  all  that  the  king  designed  for 
France,  which  was  impracticable  at  that  time,  be- 
cause of  the  contrary  winds;  which,  when  the  king 
understood,  he  chose  rather  to  sail  round  the  coasts 
of  his  kingdom,  and  try  if  they  could  have  better 
passage  by  St.  George^s  channel,  than  to  put  in 
agun  at  Leith ;  neither  did  that  succeed,  for  still 
the  storm  increased,  which  made  those  who  at- 
tended him  bethink  that  it  was  safest  to  return 
home,  and  not  expose  their  king^s  and  their  own 
life  to  viable  danger ;  and  that  it  was  fool-hardiness 
to  struggle  with  the  unrelenting  winds  and  waves ; 
that  there  was  no  need  for  sueb  haste,  and  that 
they  might  lie  in  some  harbour  till  the  storm  was 
over,  without  any  prejudice  to  the  king^s  affairs : 
so  whilst  the  king  was  asleep  they  tacked  about, 
and  sailed  for  the  coasts  of  Scotland :  -  when  the 
king  awakened  he  was  in  a  great  rage,  and  never 
pardoned  those  who  advised  the  sailing  back  tp 
Scotland  ;  be  blamed  Sir  James  Hamilton  chiefly 
for  this,  whom  he  hated  before,  because  he  killed 
the.  earl  of  Lennox.  Sir  James^  enemies,  to  in- 
flame the  king  the  more  against  him,  suggested, 
-  M 

190  TPIS  Um  AKP  9X4kTH 

that  be  wasi  yt^xy  ftr  from  beiog  a  4atiful  9«1gect.; 
that  all  hU  pwtence9  of  loyi^ty  wwci  ottly  hypo- 
(srity ;  £Mf*  hk  oidy  dq9ig^  io^  aocoiiypmyiQ^  iw 
migeety  was  lo  def(^at  %1^  de$»ign  of  itb^  vpyi^< 

When  the  baid  w«ath9f  ^^m  cuFer,  the  oobUi^ 
wlio  wei:e^  vilb  tbe  kingi  is  coieplaisaiw^  to  liJA 
laajesiy,  donred  bim  lo  think  ^f  wbii|g  with  tb^ 
finsl  fair  wiiid»  which  he  did,  «9d  netting  8<^ll  f(P«i 
Seotknd  ou  th^  firal  day  of  Septe^ihert  "\'    9  he 
knded  at  Edeppe  tea  da»y9  after,  and  w^t  \»f^Q^ 
nif»  to  Vefidosme,  to  see  tbe  lady  Mary  of  Veo- 
dosme,  wherje  he  was  satisfied  that  she.  was  an  ex-f 
eellent  and  well  acoompliahed  prioceisQ,  apd  that 
fome  bad  not  heea  too^&vourabieto  her ;  but  seer 
ing  he  had  had  the  choice  of  thcee  princes$e£i,  al 
daughters  of  kio^s,  he  thought  he  could  not  i^ 
JioDour  marry  one  of  a  lower  degree ;  so  be  left 
Vendosme,  and  had  still  tbe  disposing  of  hilt  ow^Q 
heart,  notYtthfitaadlng  tbe  charms^crf*  that  Ihirbd;* 
and  went  straight  for  Ftaris  to  sifeet  with  thte  Fres^b^ 
Uog,  whoee  comiog  wa&  a  surpriaal  to  thecourC. 
'  The  king,  who  knew  nothing  oi  it  till  abeu^  twQ 
hours  befQve  he  saw  him^  inamediately  wi^nt^  to 
meet  him  and  wdbime  hiaa  to  Pariis,  being  apco9»r 
paoied  with  all  the  nobility  then  ajt  oourt,  and  X!^ 
ceived  lum  with  all  that  grandeur  and  honour  tha^ 
king  James  could  de»ire»    He  had  not  been  long 
at  Paris  before  tbe  lady  Magdalen  owned  that  sbe 
loved  him:  he  desired  the  king  her  {either  to  agree 
tp  the  match,  and  said,  he  hoped  that  the  change 
of  air,  and  more  years,  would  confirm  her  in  per- 
fect health,  and  douhted  not  but  ha  should  have 
ebildteii  by  her.     The  Fisench  king  consented  to 

dy  fitHo  jTAttXb  ▼.  131 

tbe  ihAlcb>  And  told  him,  th«r6  Wfts  nothing  that 
be  could  detty  th&  king  of  Sodtknd :  w  the  mar- 
riage  was  solemnized  with  all  the  pomp  and  oelreM 
motty  itnagiisable. 

Some  days  after^  the  pre^^nt  posture  of  aAiirs 
obliged  the  ttro  kittgs  to  take  leave  ofeaeh  other  ^ 
at  parting  they  gave  all  possible  assurances  of  mu^ 
tutd  attd  perpetual  irfligction  and  fHendship,  for  at 
thttt  thftie  the  Iifl()eriaIiBt6  ravaged  Piedmont  and 
Picardy,  and  king  Jatnes  was  afraid  \est  Benry 
VIII.  ttiight  embroil  his  affairs  in  hit  abstoee : 
so  king  James  and  hi«i  queen  det  out  fhr  8ootIand» 
having  with  them  a  greirt  uuniber  of  French  Bhips* 
When  th^y  amved  in  Scotland,  they  were  received 
with  the  universal  joy  of  their  subjects,  but  as  in 
hUlliiyfi  life  our  gladnesi»  is  still  ^iayed^withioi^ 
rbw,  so  this  joy  was  fthon  lived,  aad  was  ihteru. 
rupted  by  the  great  grief  occasiotied  by  the  death 
df  the  young  queen,  who  lived  only  six  mouflis 
after  her  landing  in  Scotland ;  ibr  the  iea  aur,  and 
the  fatigue  of  the  voyage,  hadoobndoned  her  rick>« 
ne$^  There  was  such  an  oniversal  and  real  grief 
over  all  the  kingdom,  upon  the  news  of  hei<  death, 
that  to  testify  die  sense  the  court,  and  other  per^^ 
sons  of  note,  had  of  the  great  loils,  they  went  into 
mourning,  which  was  the  first  time  that  ever  that 
custom  was  used  in  Scotland# 

After  the  funeral  ceremonies  were  over,  king 
James  was  more  deeircus  than  ever  of  cbildreni, 
and  was  unwUIing  to  live  any  time  a  indower  ^  h^ 
cast  bis  eyeft  upon  the  lady  Mary  of  Lorndof 
sister  to  Fmucii^  duke  of  Guise,  a  famed  general^ 
and  the  widow  of  tb^duki^^  Longneviile)  fiir 

132  THK  L1?B  AKD  1>SATH 

the  charming  virtues  of  that  lady  bad  made  a 
mighty  impression  apon  his  heart  during  his  stay 
in  Fcanee* 

Whilst  the  ambassadors  were  a^gping  to  France 
to  desire  the  lady  Mary  of  Lorriuu  in  marriage 
for  the  kii^»  he  was  alarmed  with  vnany  false  ac- 
cusations of  innocent  persons^  as  if  guilty  tjf  plots 
against  his  life ;  the  first  remarkable  person  who 
su£Fered  by  the  villany  of  those  informers  was  one 
John  Forbes,  a  young  gentleman  of  great  eourage, 
and  of  a  good  ^family,  but  had  always  lived  a  vi« 
cious  and  scandalous  life^  which  made  people  be- 
lieve the  more  eanly«  that  one  of  his  character 
would  stick  at  no  crime :  he  had  been  managed 
-  of  a  long  time  by  one  Strachan,  ,a  wicked  fellow 
of  a  mean  birth,  who  was  a  sharer  in  all  his  de- 
baucheries. Forbes  found  by  experience,  how  dan* 
gerous"  the  society  of  villains  is.  This  Stracfaam, 
1>erides  his  other  vices,  was  a  covetous  wretch,  he 
demanded  from  Mr.  Forbes  some  *  gift  which  he 
could  not  conveniently  grant ;  upon  which  rrfusal, 
Strachan  was  so  displeased  that  he  meditated  re- 
venge, became  his  enemy,  and  to  compass  his  ma<- 
Iknous  designs  more  effectually,  he  went  to  the 
earl  of  Huntly,  Mr.  Forbes*  mortal  enemy,  where 
they  jointly  contrived  his  ruin.  They  accused  Mr. 
Forbes  that  of  a  long  time  he  had  a  design  to 
murder  the  king ;  they  hired  knights  of  the  post, 
who  were  evidences  against  him,  who  swore,  that 
then  he  waited  only  for  a  fit  opportunity  to  assas- 
sinate his  majesty.  Though  those  witnesses  were 
men  of  bad  characters,  and  their  evidence  did  not 
prove  the  impieadiment,  nevertheless  he  was.  found 

psSkfj  Md  oMd«lilti«d  td  d«attl ;  Ibf  thl^  jud^ 
thought  tbait  th«  t^y  ittteiatioti  tb  kill  the  king 
deterv6d  it.  But  God  ^rittitled  hiih  fd  t6tn€  t6 
tbM  untimdjf  end^  a»  tt  {)Uilisbiiieiit  foi^  hid  fdrnttl^ 
MS ;  ««for  though  iniqmties  utie  liot  iittibifduifely 
chMfdsed/  yet  nt  length  nieti's  sms  find  Mem  out,, 
lind  when  they  ate  ttost  ^eeure,  anid  leftst  expeet 
the  wroth  of  hcAYM^  they  fidl  iuto  ansatts  irhUih 
eoiBplete  theif  rtimJ* 

The  jttdgen  fouud  Stradinu  guilty  dfrni^pAAon 
dftreaBoii,  beeftuse  he  had  io  Img  concealed  s(Ueh 
a  bomd  crime,  wbieh  tfi^  thought  he  would  uol 
have  doue  if  he  had  not  been  equally  guilty  in  thef 
plot;  but  Aough  he  desfenred  de&th  more  thMf 
Mr.  FcMfie^  yet  M  his  puuifdhuient  waa  oUly  baU^ 
ishment:  he  retired  to  Paris,  where  he  foilbwed 
8tin  the  ttMie  dkediute  debauched  way  of  lining. 
Kiug  James,  for  reasMnd  best  known  to  himself, 
was  sor^  for  Mr.  Forbes*  death  when  it  was  too 
late,  because  be  thought  he  might  be  useful  m 
some  secret  terviees ;  for  bad  men  are  as  necefi»ary  ^ 
in  the  body^polifie,  as  bad  humour:^  are  in  the 
body*natut«ii:  to  testiff  his  concern^  he  made  his 
deeond  broker  a  gentleman  of  his  bedchamber, 
and' married  the  third  to  a  great  fortune,  and  gave 
him  back  bis  brothei^s  estate  which,  was  forfeited. 

This  punishmeift  was  immediately  followed  by 
another  vei^  lamentable  one,  if  we  either  consider 
the  quafity  of  the  persons  accused,  or  the  nature 
of  theifr  pretended  crimes  i  but  most  of  all  depbrah 
ble  for  the  too  great  severity  of  the  punishment. 

Jean  Douglas,  the  sister  of  Archibald  ear)  of 
Angufr^  who*  then  lived  an  exile  iu  England,  was 


the  nimt  reiiawned\beauty^.BriCun,at  that  time ; 
she  was  of  an  ordinary  stature,  not  toofat^  her  mien 
was  majestic,  her  eyes  full^  her  face  was  oval,  and 
her  complexion  was  delicate  and  extremely  fiur. 
Besides  all  these  perfections,'  she  was  a  lady  of  a 
angular  chastity ;  as  her  body  was  a  finished  piece, 
>  without  the-Ieast  blemish,  so  heaven  designed  diat 
her  mind  should  want  none  of  those  perfeclions  a 
mortal  creature  can  be  capable  of ;  her  modesty 
was  admirable,  her  courage  was  above  what  oould 
be  expected  from  her  sexj  her  judgment  solid,  her 
carriage  was  gaining  and  a&ble  to  her  inferiors, 
as  she  knew  well  hqw  to  behave  herself  to  her 
equals :  she  was  descended  from  one  of  the  most 
honourable  and  wealthiest  families  of  Scotland, 
and  of  great  interest^  in  the  kingdom,  but  at  that 
time  eclisped  ;  she  was  married  to  John  Lion,  lord 
Glammes,  a  discreet  and  valiant  nobleman,  who 
died  in  the  bloom  of  his  youth,  and  left  a  son.  be- 
hind him  by  their  marriage :  she  continued  a  widow 
spme  ye^rs  after.  During  which  time,  several  of 
the  best  families  of  the  kingdom  courted  her ;  but 
a  gentleman  named  Archibald  Campbell,  had  the 
honour  and  happiness  to  gain  her  love,  he  had  a 
good  estate,  and  was  of  a  good  family ,^  and  com- 
manded  the  third  squadron  of  king  James^  army. 
Now  this  gentleman,  who  equally  admired  her 
beauty  and  virtue,  made  his  addresses  to  her  with 
all  possible  respect,  at  leiigth  she  ovvned  she  loved 
him,  so  they  were  married  to  both  their  satisfac- 

^-    William  Lion,  a  near  relation  of  her  first  hus- 
band, and  pne  of  her  former  siiitors,  not  being 

'  OF  KlUa  JAMM  V.  ISS 

able  to  stifle  his  fom^er  flame,  nor  dissemble  his 
rage  and  discontent  for  the  loss  of  her,  became  al« 
most  frantic  upon  thiscUsappointment ;  and  though 
he  was  so  unhappy:  as  to  lofliie  her,  yet  he  did  not 
forbear  his  addresses,  hoping. still,  that  in  reoom- 
pense  of  his  punful  attendance,,  she  would  grant 
him  some  fiayours* 

Thb  beautiful  lady  repulsed  him  wifb  disdain, 
and  told  him,  that  the  reason  why  she  fcwmerly 
treated  him  with,  civility,  was.  more  owing  to  his 
relation  to  her  last  husband,  and  to  her  .son,  than 
to  any  regard  to  himself;  but  now,  seeing  he  had 
deMgns  upon  her  honour,  she  hated  the  aght  of 
him;  for  he  nught  be  assured  that  she  would 
never  comply  with  hi»  criminal  and  brutal  desires. 

This  resolute  and  virtuous  refusal  distracted 
him,  and  not  knowing  what  to  answer,  sometimes 
he  complained  of  her  severe  virtue;.  atMiotfaer 
Ume  he  told  her,  the  great  love  he  had  for  her 
was  Ae  occasion  of  his  addresses :  he  blamed  her 
also  for  her  ingratitude,  as  .if,  in  complaisance  to 
him,  she  ought  to  throw  away,  all  regards  to  ohaa* 
tity ;  in  fine,  he  told  he  had  lost  all  his  time  and 
endeavours.  This  interview  was  spent  in  com* 
plaints,  intreaties,  reproaches,  and  threateningg ; 
after  which  he  departed  and  never  visited  her  more* 
From  that  time  bis  love,  or  rather  lust,:  was 
changed  into  rage  and  revenge ;  his  thoughts  were 
divided,  whither  be  should  ^ill  her  himself, .or 
contrive  some  plot  against  her  life ;  the  fir^t 
seemed  unworthy  of  his  courage,  wbereajs  the  lat* 
ter  required  very  nice  conduct,  and  too  long  a  de« 
lay^  seeing  he  was  eori^ged  to  th^t  deffee^  that  he 

136  THS  L1V1&  AMI^  MATH 

lliirsted  fbr  pr^sait  rt^6ng« ;  but  att  la«C  iht  latter 

Sb  the  jmmtoQ  of  lovci  being  sneeeeded  by  that 
of  vengeance,  be  was  broodiiq;  ov^rUsfcfMntment 
for  tome  aaonthsy  at  last  be  lights  upon  one  of 
die  Uaiekeat  eontriranees  that  heU  ooold  Mi^eet* 
TiK.  he  accused  this  lady,  her  son^  her  bnabaiid, 
and  one  John  Lion,  an  ag«d  priest,  and  hk  own 
near  relation,  as  gvilly  of  a  de^n  to  potdon  the 
king.  Thia  waa  the  most  unlikely  thing  in  the 
world,  if  we  eonsifdct  the  charact^s  and  oonveMi^ 
tion  of  the  pemons  accused^  who  lived  for  the 
'  mott  pact  in  the  country  at  a  gyeart;  distance  firem 
courts  and  seldom  bad  an  oooarion  erf"  seeing  the 
king;  however,  upon  this,  those  ilinocevt  pelBona 
were  apprehended  and  imprisoned  in  the  castle  of 
Ed^nbargh,  and  their  goods  were  seised,  with  a 
strict  diatge  to  the  judges  ^  the  justieecourt  to 
pmceed  to  their  trials^ 

WilKam  Lion,  the  accuser^  who  had  the  ear  of 
the  jeidooa  king,  used  all  lus  rhetoric  to  aggravate 
tibe  natter,  and-  that  he  might  dispose  the  king  to 
fieat  tbem  with  all  posnble  emeky,  he  represented, 
<«  that  the  family  of  Douglas  had  always  been  dan- 
gerous' and  troublesome  to  his  predecessors,  and 
even  to  himself  and  his  kingdom  ;  and  reminded 
bim  of  the  insolent  bdiaviour  of  Archibald  Dou«* 
glasb  c^l  of  Angus,  the  brother  of  the  prisoner, 
isk  the  time  of  his  majesiy^s  minority,  whose  prac- 
^»B  were  so  pernicious^  that  by  a  public  decree 
he  was  banished  the  kingdom  as  a  disturber  ci 
the  peace  of  hianalive  country  ;  that  since  that 
time  he  was  became  the  subject  ot  Henry  king  of 

or  KING  JAMC8   V.  137 

England,  his  majeftty^s  enemy,  and  was  now  tbe  in- 
cendiary betwixt  the  two  kingdoms,  and  advised  all 
the  inroads  that  were  made  from  England  upon 
Scotland ;  and  that,  seeing  he  could  not  be  restored 
to  his  honours  and  fortune^  without*great  dUJIculty, 
revenge  incited  him  to  plot  all  the  mischief  posn*. 
ble  against  the  king^s  person ;  and  who  could  he 
employ  for  compasibng  such  wicked  designs  more 
fit  than  his  own  uster,  who  was  ob%ed  to  secrecy 
by  the  ties  of  blood?  That  he  engaged  her  in 
that  cons{Mracy,  thinking  that  her  sex,  character^ 
and  birth,  would  make  her  tbe  less  suspected: 
therefore,  if  his  majesty  had  any  regard  either  to. 
his  interest  or  sitfety,  it  waa  neoessaiy.  to  exteiy 
minate  that  race  which  .produced  nolhing  but 
monsters  of  rebeUion,  and  especiatty  tbatworaan, 
whom  if  he  spared,'  he  would  put  it  in  her  power 
to  accomplish  her  wicked  defflgns.^ 

This  discourse  found  too  easy  a  belief  with  the* 
king,  tfho  was. naturally  jealous  and  sasptcious, 
and  was  wholly  ignorant  of  the  hatred  which  Wil^ 
liam  Lipn  bore,  to  that  lad/;  upon  which,  he  or- 
dered  that  they  should  be  put  upon  their  trial 
in  all  hastci  so  that  small  regard  was  had  either  to 
their  characters,  birth»  or  defences  they  made. 
Before  the  judges  gave  sentence,  this  lady  was 
brought  to  the  bar  accordingto  custom,  that  they 
might  hear  what  she  could  say  for  herseU*:  she 
knew  well  enough  that  her  misfortunes  proceeded 
fromher  near  relation  to  the  earl  of  Angus*  When 
fifae  had  answered  to  all  the  the  questions  wbicb 
the  judges  asked^  with  the  greatest  courage  and. 

138  THB  LIFS  AND  DfiATH 

bdldness  imi^iiable,  she  defivered  the  following 

<«  Those  who  bate  the  merit  of  my  brothet  are 
enraged  because  he  is  not  in  their  power,  that  he 
might  fall  a  sacrifice  to  their  malice,  and  they  notr 
dlisoharge  their  sjnte  upon  me,  because  of  my  near 
relation  to  him ;  and  to  gratify  thehr  Avenge  onth 
my  Mood,  they  aocuse  me  of  crimes  which,  if  true, 
deserve  thd  severest  death.  But  seeing  it  is  the 
only  pren^ttve  of  Ood  to  punish  men  or  women 
for  the  faults  of  othetv,  which  billongs  tx>  no  judge 
.  on  earthy  who  aire  obliged  to  punish  every  one  ao* 
cording  td  dieir  personal  crimes^  you  ought  not  to 
punish  in  me  the  actions  of  my  btother,  how  blame^ 
able  soev^p;  ihovi  all,  you  ought  to  consider  if 
those  things  I  amaoeusedof  bav^theteastappear^. 
anoe  of  truth  imaginaUe ;  for  i^t  gives  the 
greatest  evidence  either  of  the  guilt  or  innocence 
of  an  impeached  person^  is  their  former  Bfb.  What 
fiislt  cooU  airy  hitherto  lay  to  my  ebarge  P  Did 
any  ever  reproach  me  with  any  thing  that  is  ScatH 
dakms  ?  Examine,  I  intr^t  you,  my  formcar  con- 
versation, vice  hath  its  degrees  as  well  as  virtue, 
and  none  can  attain  to  a  perfection  in  dther,  ex** 
otpt  by  long  use  and  practice ;  and  if  you  can  find 
nothing  reprovable  in  my  conduct^  how^  can  ye 
befieve  that  I  «si  arrived  all  of  a  sudden  to  conlrive 
this  murder,  which  is  the  very  height  and  perfec» 
tion  of  impiety?  I  protest  I  would  not  defiberately 
injure  the  mc»t  desfncaUe  wretch  alive ;  oouM  I 
liien  make.tfae  murder  of  my  sovereign,  whom  I 
always  reverenced,  and  who  never  did  me  any 
wrongs  the  first  essay  of  my  wickedness  P    None 

^e  i09{»i^bfo  nS  «tocli  4imPiibk  and  unnatiiml  ao- 
tioBs,  fXQ^t  tva  mHa  of  peraona^  viz.  thoee  of deah 
par^te  fortuoaa  who  aire  weaty  of  their  tivefl»  or 
tboae  w)io  are  hurtied  into  tlian  hy  reranga  i  nj 
hirtHtk^  and  ^atviep  of  life,  |Mita  me  beyond  lhe»fr- 
pjipiop  of  the  fiiA  kind ;  and  for  the  lattec,  aeekig 
I  waa  «evar  injured  bj  the  king^  bofw  can  I  be 
auapaoled  lo  tJiirslk  for  any  revenge?  I  aod  here 
accoaad  (^  purposing  ta  kill  the  kii^  and  to 
mak^  my  pretradad  ov^nie  appear  more  frightful^ 
it  ia  given  out,  that  the  way  was  to  be  by  poiaon* 
With  wbaA  impudeiice  can  any  accuse  mt  of  such 
wickedness^  who  never  aaw  any  poison,  nor  knofw 
I  any  thing  about  the  preparation  of  it  ?  can  any 
say  they  ever  saw  me  have  any  of  it  ?  let  theaoL 
tell  me  where  I  bought  it;  or  who proewred it 
me.  And  thoU|^  I  had  it^  how  could  I  use  i^ 
seeing  I  never  came  near  the.  kingV  person^  his 
table  nor  paliace?  It  ia  well  known,  that^inca 
my  laat  ma^a^^  with  this  uiifortunate.geiit]emaii) 
I  have  Uv^d  in  the  country,  at  a  great  distanoe 
from  the  court ;  what  opportunity  could  I  ever 
have  then  to  poison  the  king  ?  You  may  see  by 
thoae  circimsUiieeSt  which  give  great  lightin  suob 
matjlers,  that  I  am  intireiy  innocent  of  those  orimei 
I  am  cfanii^d  with :  it  ia  the  office  of  you  judges 
to  protect  iojiiured  innocence  ;  but  if  the  malice  and 
power  of  my  enemies  be  sueh»  that  whether  inno- 
cent  or  guilty  I  must  needs  b^  eondemned,  I  shall 
die  QheecfuUy»  having  the  testtmcHiy  of  a  good  oo»* 
scienco  %,  and  assure  yourselves  that  ypu  sfaatt  e^^ 
tajAly  find  it  more  easy  to  take  away  my  life,  than 
to  blast  my  reputation^  or  to  fix  any  raid  blotupoa 

140  THB  httK  AND  DEATH 

my  memoty.  This  is  toy  last  denre  of  you,  that 
I  may  be  the  sole  ollgect  of  your  severity,  and  that 
those  other  innocent  persons  may  not  share  in  my 
misfortunes.  Seeing  my  chief  mme  is,  that  I  am 
descended  of  the  family  of  Douglas,  there  is  no 
reason  that  they  should  be  involved  in  my  ruin ; 
for  my  husband,  son,  and  couun,  are  neither  of 
that  name,  nor  family.  I  shall  end  my  life  with 
more  comfort  if  you  absolve  them,  for  the  more  of 
us  that  su£Per  by  your  unjust  sentence,  the  greater 
ivill  be  ypur  guilt,  and  the  more  terrible  your  con* 
demnation  when  you  shall  be  tried  at  the  great 
day  by  God,  who  is  the  impartial  judge  of  all  flesh, 
who  shall  then  make  you  suffer  for  those  torments 
to  which  we  are  unjustly  condemned.'' 

This  admirable  speech,  which  was  spoken  with 
such  boldness  and  manly  courage,  astonished  the 
judges  extremely,  and  when  they  had  reasoned 
upon  what  she  had  alledged  in  her  awn  defence, 
they  determined,  before  they  gave  sentence,  to 
send  two  of  their  number  to  the  king,  and  to  re- 
present to  him,  that  ^though  the  witnesses  had 
proved  the  articles  of  impeachment,  and  that,  ac- 
cording to  tlie  law  of  the  land,  upon  this  evidence 
she  deserved  death,  yet^  upon  a  serious  considera- 
tion of  the  whole  circumstances  of  the  matter,  they 
could  not  perceive  the  least  probability  of  her 
guilt :  they  were  afraid  lest  the  rigour  of  the  law 
in  this  case  should  prove  the  height  of  injustice, 
therefore  they  wished  rather  that  equity  and  mercy 
should  take  place,  it  being  more  safe  to  absolve  a 
criminal,  than  to  condemn  an  innocent  person; 
that  time  alone  could  discover  the  truth  of  the 

OW  KIK6  JAMES  Vi  141 

matter,  by  making  known  the  character  of  those 
witnesses  who  had  sworn  against  her,  whether  they 
were  men  of  honesty,  or  had  been  bribed  to  accuse 
her ;  that  nothing  was  so  adviseaUe  as  to  delay 
the  whole  affair  for  some  days,  which  could  be  no 
danger  to  the  king,  seeing  those  persons  were  not 
to  have  thdr  liberty ;  but  whenever  they  could 
perceive  any  presumptions  of  their  guilt,  they 
should  not  escape  justice :  as  for  themselves  they 
were  tied  up  to  the  formalities  and  letter  of  the 
law,  it  belonged  only  to  his  majesty  to  temper  and 
moderate' the  severity  of  it  by  his  clemency,  upon 
which  account  they  addressed  themselves  to  him, 
seeing  in  such  cases  wherein  the  life,  hpnour,  and 
estates  of  persons  of  distinction  are  concerned,  all 
possible  caution  is  necessary. 

The  king,  who  was  naturally  merciful  enough, 
had  yielded  to  this  reasonable  request,  if  Lion, 
who  had  contrived  that  hellish  plot,  and  was 
afraid,  if  they  had  escaped,  his  wickedness  would 
be  discovered,  had  not  prevailed  witlji  the  king  to 
give  this  answer  to  the  judges :  **  that  the  exercise 
of  justice  was  a  considerable  part  of  the  royal  dig- 
nity, which  he  had  entrusted  them  with  when  he 
made  them  judges ;  that  it  belonged  to  their  ofBce 
to  preserve  the  innocent,  'and  punish  the  guilty ; 
that  the  book  called  Regiam  Majestatem,  con* 
tained  all  the  forms  and  rules  which  ought  to  de- 
termine them  in  such  cases ;  wherefore  he  gave 
them  full  power  to  proceed  in  that  business  accord- 
ing to  justice,  and  the  laws  of  the  land ;  and  said, 
he  knew  of  nothing  that  could  hinder  them  from 
doing  th^r  duty  like  men  of  honour." 

14S  THE  LirS  AW>  JDEArH 

UpoD  Fc^lviogthiU;  antwroTt  those  that  vere  seat 
to  wait  ufKHi  the  king,  retitmed  to  the  exchequ^» 
where  the  court  of  justice  then  aat,  and  reported 
to  the  refit  of  the  jadges^  what  Ithe  Img  bad  given 
them  in  chai^;  upon  which  the  judges  gave  sen^ 
tenoe  agaif^st  that  lady,  wbicb-wad,  that  she  was 
to  be  led  out  to  the  plaee  of  exeeutioB}  and  there 
to  be  bijurnt  fdive  till  she  was  dead«  A  little  time 
after  the  8eQteiiee»  4ie  was  ideUvered  into  the 
hands  of  the  eseoutioner,  to  be  led  out  to  sulR^r; 
the  coostancy  and  courage  of  this  heroioe  is  al- 
most incredible,  wbitijh  astonished  all  ithe  specta- 
tors: she  heard  $he  sentence  pronounced  against 
her  witjbout  the  least  sign  of  ycoaoem,  neith^  did 
she  cry,  groan,  or  shed  a  ilear,  tbeagh  that  kind 
of  death  is  most  frightful  to  bujinaQ  nature.  When 
she  was  Inrought  out  to  suffer,  the  people  who 
looked  on  could  not  conceal  their  grief  and  com- 
passion ;  some  of  them  who  wece  aoiuainted  with 
ber,  and  knew  her  innocent,  designed  to  rescue 
her ;  bu  t  the  presence  of  the  king  and  'his  tmimaters 
restrained  them :  she  seemed  to  be  the  only  uacoo- 
cemed  pejrson  there,  and  her  beauty  and  charms 
never  appeared  with  greater  advantage  than  when 
she  was  led  to  the  flameib  and  her  soul  being  for- 
tified with  support  from  heaven,  and  the  sense  of 
her  own  innocence,  she  outbraved  death,  and  her 
courage  was  equal  in  the  fire,  to  what  it  was  be- 
fore her  judges ;  she  suffered  those  tormients  with- 
out the  least  noise,  only  she  prayed  devoutly  for 
divine  assistance  to  support  her  under  her  suffer- 
ings:   thus  died  this  fiunous  lady  with  a  courage 

OF  UN&  JAXKft  ▼•  146 

net  infefiov  td  tist  of  aft;  of  th«  heroes  df  fttit»A 

Tbe  dsy  idOowing  her  dioeomolAte  husband,  de* 
s^mng  to  make  bis  escape  firotn  the  eastlie  of  Ediii- 
biu^»  was  let  down  over  the  walk  by  a  cord, 
which  haf^BiDg  to  be  too  short,  he  fell  upon  the 
rocks,  where  he  was  dashed  to  pieeesr  The  king 
was  iKerj  sad  upon  heanng  of  that  loaientable  ao^ 
cident,  and  immediiltely  ordered  that  Lfon,  ^e 
old  priesi,  should  have  bis  liberty^  because  his 
ffKaJt  age  made  lum  incapable  of  a»y  sttoh  desigd ; 
aa  for  tbe  yousig  lord  Glamis,  though  his  child^ 
hooil  was  suffldent  proof  of  his  insoeency,  yet  he 
was  kepi  stitt  in  pridoDy  from  whence  be  wa»  not 
released  till  after  the  king's  death. 

Those  who  make  any  f  dkctione  upon  Ihe  tragic 
cal  history  of  this  dnfortunate  lady  may  observe^ 
that  gff«at  beauty  frequenttf  exposes  women  to 
danger,  and  often  proves  a  snare  and  cinrse,  ra^ 
ther  than  a  blesnng;  seeing  most  men  who^  be- 
hold them  become  passionate  admirers  of  them, 
whereas  it  is  only  in  such  virtuous  lady^s  power  to 
tuke  one  man  hqypy;  the  other  less  fortunate 
]ival%  missing  that  bliss  they  impatiently  longed 
for,  sometimes  their  disappointed  love  degenerates 
into  revenge  and  fury,  which  proves  tbe  eause  of 
great  misfortunes  to  those  beautiful  females. 

William  Lion,  after  this  Tirtuous  and  inooni- 
parable  lady  had  fisdlen  a  vktim  to  his  fury,  when- 
ever he  began  to  think  cooly  upon  tbe  wickedness 
he  had  done^  wa»  so  «Qed  with  horror,  that  he  was 
not  able  to  endure  the  lashes  of  his  awakened  Oon« 
science ;  he  lamented  when  it  was  too  late,  that 

144  THB  LI^K  AND  BfiATR 

his  loaHce  had  occasioaed  the  loss  both  of  the  lives 
and  fortunes  of  those  who  were  his  near  relations  i^ 
so  that  having  confidence  in  the  king^s  mercy,  he 
confessed  the  whole  matter  secretly  io  him.  The 
king  abhorring  such  frightful  wickedness,  banished 
him  from  the  court,  and  designed  his  punishment 
should  be  answerable  to  his  guilt ;  but  affairs  of 
greater  concern  which  happened  immediately  after, 
made  the  king  forget  that  matter. 

At  length  the  king  heard  from  his  ambassadors 
cardinal  Beaton  and  Robert  Maxwell,  then  at 
the  court  of  France,  that  his  marriage  was  conclu- 
ded, very  much  to  the  ^tisfaction  of  the  French 
king,  and  all  his  court,  and  that  they  designed  to 
set  out  in  a  little  time  from  France^  and  to  bring 
with  them  the  lady  Mary  of  Guise  i  from  that 
time  he  thought  of  nothing  but  of  his  amours,  and 
of  making  preparations  for  his  queen^s  honourable 

Monsieur  D'Annebault,  admiral  of  France^  was 
ordered  to  wait  upon  her  from  the  court  to  Dieppe, 
with  a  great  number  of  the  nobility  of  the  best 
quality  in  the  kingdom,  where  she  went  aboard 
about  the  beginning  of  June,  1538.  A  great 
number  of  French  ships  conducted  her  to  Balcomy 
in  Scotland,  where  the  earl  of  Murray  and  other 
Scotch  noblemen  were  sent  to  wait  upon  her  j  af- 
ter she  had  stayed  there  some  days,  and  had  taken 
leave  of  the  French  noblemen  who  attended  her, 
she  was  brought  to  St'  Andrews  in  great  state, 
where  the  marriage  was  s(Jemnized  with  all  possi-. 
ble  rejoicing.  ^ 

The  great  merit  of  the  new  queen  was  so  re- 

foharluibie^  that  sbe  was  ddoHred  and  k>Ved  by 
all  her  suhjeot*  ;^  bei^  |j«'ttd66c6,  and  love  ta  the 
1^^&  gained  bis  biwi  mtirely,  and  %o  complete 
his  bappisessi  she  bronght  forth  a  son  the  first 
year  of  their  marriagei  at  St  Anfdre#s ;  and  the 
next  .year  c^  bad  another  son  at  Stirling,  opbii 
whic^  the  king  admired  her  to  that  {}egree,  that  he 
advised  with  her  in  all  affairs  of  state :  she  was  a 
lady  of  great  wit,  and  was  reputed  a  princess  not 
inferior  to  any  at  that  tinie>  either  for  beauty, 
courage,  or  prudence* 

Hitherto  all  things  went  well  with  king  James, 
who  was  arrived  to  that  height  of  prosperity,  that 
he  bad  nothing  to  wish  for ;  having  children  by 
his  marriage,  was  loved  by  hissubjects^  and  feared 
by  bis  enemies :  but  frequently  adversity  is  nearer 
prosperity  than  we  expect,  thus  it  was  with  this 
king,  for  all  of  a  sudden  he  experienced  the  re- 
verse of  fate,  and  was  immediately  attacked  with 
so  many  and  various  troubles,  that  whenever  he 
thought  to  disengi^e  himself  from  any  of  them, 
be  was  overpowered  with  new  ones  wiiich  defeated 
all  his  endeavours. 

The  first  mortification  he  met^with,  proceeded 
from  his  bad  conduct,  which  lost  him  the  aiFec-  , 
tions  of  his  subjects ;  for  when  he  saw  he  had  two 
sons,  and  thiat  there  was  no  fear  he  should  want 
heirs  to  succeed  him  in  the  throne,  he  began  to  un- 
dervalue his  nobility,  and  ^  upbraided  them  witb 
want  of  couri^e,  and  that  they  had  degenerated 
from  the  valour  and  military  bravery  of  their  an* 
cestors  r  he  reminded  them  of  the  dishonourable  de* 
feat  at  Floddon,  where  they  gave  small  proof  of 


140  THS  LIF]qi  AND  DSATH 

their  regard  to  the  king  bis  father,  or  concern  for 
the,  honour  of  their  country :  he  told  them,  if  they 
were  willing,  he  had  inclination  to  revenge  his  fa- 
therms  death  upon  Henry  Vlll.and  to  retrieve  the 
ancient  reputati<»i  of  the  kingdom.  He  found  them 
not  very  forward  to  engage  in  any  such  matters ; 
for  those  reproaches  had  so  much  alienated  their  af- ' 
fections  from  him,  and,  enraged  them,  that  they  de« 
serted  his  service,  when  he  had  most  need  of  their 
help :  for  of  all  things,  what  can  more  highly  pro- 
voke haughty  spirits  than  disdun  ? 

The  kingdom  was  then  at  peace,  the  Protestants, 
who  were  at  that  time  a  very  numerous  body,  and 
increased  daily,  were  so  displeased  with  what  they 
su£Fered  upon  the  account  of  their  religion,  that 
they  had  certainly  taken  up  arms  to  get  their  griev- 
ances redressed,  if  they  had  had  any  nobleman  of 
note  to  head  them.  The  king  knew  that  well 
enough,  but  his  affairs  were  then  so  embroiled,  that 
he  was  obliged  to  dissemble  his  displeasure  at  them, 
and  waited  till  he  had  extricated  himself  from  his 
present  difficulties,  as  a  more  fit  season  to  mortify 
them ;  his  treasury  was  then  very  mueh  exhausted 
because  of  his  extraordinary  expense,  by  his  mar- 
riages, and  his  many  new  buildings,  so  *that  he 
wanted  money  extremely  ;  the  most  ready  way  was, 
either  to  lay  a  tax  upon  the  clergy,  or  upon  the  no- 
bility ;  both  of  them  desired  to  be  excused  from 
that  hardship,  and  enlarged  upon  their  own  pover- 
ty, and  the  riches  of  the  other  estate. 

Now  Henry  VIII.  who  had  not  forgotten  that 
be  had  been  affronted  by  king  James,  who  refused 
to  marry  his  daughter,  and  to  have  an  ifiterview 

with  him,  was  determined  to  trj  if  he  could  by 
subtihy  persuade  him  to  meet  bim  in  Ei^Iand, 
otherwise,  upon  refusiil,  be  should  have  a  specious 
colour  for  beginning  a  war :  he  sent  his  ambassador 
to  icing  James,  to  desire  him  to  come  to  York, 
where  he  would  meet  him,  and  that  they  might 
confer  fiiendly  together  about  affairs  that  related 
to  the  peace  of  both  their  kingdoms,  and  conclude 
a  lasting  peace;  for  what  could  be  more  for 
both  their  glory,  than  to  put  a  period  to  the 
ancient  hatred  and  animosity  betwixt  their  two 
kingdoms,  which  had  occasioned  the  fusion  of  so 
much  christian  blood  P  that  instead  of  those  na- , 
tional  and  hereditary  quarrels, .  a  firm  and  sincere 
friendship  might  be  established  betwixt  the  twb 

Many  of  the  peers  of  the  kingdom,  and  who 
had  great  interest  with  the  king,  were  protestants, 
and  used  all  possible  arguments  to  persuade  him 
to  go  and  see  his  uncle,  who,  they  assured  him, 
had  then  ^  all  the  inclination  imaginable  to  receive 
him  with  the  utmdst  demonstration  of  love  and 
friendship ;  there  was  not  the  least  cause  of  fear 
that  his  person  would  be  in  any  danger,  for  they 
had  all  the  teason  in  the  world  to  believe  that 
that  interview  would  procure  a  well-grounded 
peace  betwixt  the  two  kings  and  their  subjects. 
But  what  above  all  things  made  them  long  for 
that  meeting  was,  that  they  knew  that  Henry  VIII. 
was  a  prince  of  a  very  moving  eloquence,  so  they 
hoped  their  king  would  be  gained  upon  to  choose 
the  king  of  England  for  his  ally,  rather  than  any 
other  prince,  and  hoped  i  he  might  be  induced  I7 

148  TftB  LIFX  AND  BEATR 

Ihb  UQde  to  make  a  chtage  of  rdfi^i*  in  hk  king!*' 
domt  as  he  had  b^an  to  do  in  hki. 

But  upon  the  other  band  the  clergy  fareaeemg 

how  much  that  interview  threatened  tlw  downfUl 

of  tbeiiv  .autbority^  employed  the  utmost  of  their 

skill  ta  defeat  it;   (or  (hey  told  the  king^  they 

.  were  assured  that  a  tcderation  to  the  protestants 

would  be  the  leaist  effect  of  it*     To  dissuade  the 

king  they  used  all  the  arguments  which  they  had 

employed  upon  a  like  occasion,  <<  that  his  majesty 

was  not4o  trust  to  safeconducts,  seeing  Malcotra, 

and  William  bis  ln»ther^  -both  kings  of  Seotlandt 

by  trusting  to  such  securities,  had  lost  their  Kberty, 

and  were  made  prison^s  by  Henry  IL  of  England^ 

and  carried  to  Guyeane,  where  the  English  were 

at  war  with  France,  that  he  might  oblige  them  to 

rooounce  the  old  alliance  with  that  kingdom*     The 

misfortutiesof  his|Hredece&orking  James  I,  might 

teach'  him  caution  and  wisdom  in  sueh  affairs  ;  and 

if  his  unde  bad  broke  his  engagements  to  heaven^ 

and  was  an  apostate  from  the  truth,  what  human 

tie  could  bind  him  ?     Those  consideraticms  might 

pvevail  with  his  majesty  to  avoid  the  snares  of  his 

enemy^:   but  if  his  uncle  should  be  so  enraged 

with  this  refusal  that  it  should  be  the  oocamon  of 

a  war  with  En^buid,  they  promised  him  as  much 

money   as   should   be   necessary  to  defray  tiie 

charges  of  it ;  besides,  they  promised  to  pay  bim 

yearly  thirty  thousand  crowtis,  and  if  at  any  time 

his  affairs  required  more  money,  than  they  would 

wiUingly  contribute  as  far  as  tfaeir  revenues  would 

go  for  his  assistance :  provided  his  majesty  would 

aUow  the  laws  to  be  put  in  execution  against  those 

OF  XING  JAMES   V.  149 

who  had  scandalously  renounced  all  obedience  to 
the  Holy  See»  and  despised  its  ordinances,  and 
now  avowedly  professed  Lutheranisra :  they  de- 
sired his  majesty,  as  the  only  way  to  stop  the 
course  of  that  growing  mischief,  he  would  bMo^ 
them  to  seize  the  goods  and  estates  of  those  who 
should  fpr  the  future  be  convicted  of  that  heresy, 
which  they  thought  would  amount  to  a  yearly  rent 
of  a  hundred  thousand  crowns,  which  they  said 
might  be  annexed  to  the  king^s  revenue ;  so  they 
Jioped  his  majesty  would  appoint  such  judges  as 
were  men  of  courage  and  resolution,  and  would  go 
through*stitch  with  sudi  a  godly  work*^ 

The  king  was  so  sensibly  toudied  with  this  ad- 
dress from  the  clei^,  that  he .  laid  ande  all 
thoughts  of  an  interview  with  his  uncle  the  king 
of  England,  not  so  much  upon  the  account  of  the 
money  they  offered  him,  as  to  please  the  queen, 
who  declared,  that  she  wjeis  averse  to  that  journey, 
because  the  danger  of  it  overbalanced  any  pros* 
pect  they  could  have  of  advantage  i  she  knew  that, 
the  king  did  not  love  his  uncle,  neither  could  he 
disguise  his  aversion, ,  so  feared  that  his  open  and 
frank  temper  would  widen  the  breach  betwixt 

He  made  Sir  James  Hamilton,  bastard  brother 
of  the  earl  of  Arran,  judge  of  this  court  of  inqai- 
sition  which  was  to  be  erected.  This  choice  mighti- 
ly ]dea8ed  the  churchmen,  because  he  was  a  declar- 
ed enemy  to  the  protestants,  and  his  interests  were 
inseparably  from  those  of  the  clergy.  This  com* 
mission  proved,  his  ruin ;  for  the  protestants  per- 
ceiving how  dangerous  an  enemy  he  should  prove^ 


for  that  now  his  malice  was  armed  with  power ; 
diey  laid  a  trap  for  him  whieh  he  could  not  es- 
cape :  James  Hamilton,  brother  of  Mr.  Patrick 
Hamilton  who  suffered  for  the  proteslant  religion, 
after  he  had  been  a  long  time  sheriff  of  Litbgowi 
was  oUiged  to  flee  from  Scotland,  becaase  he  was 
of  his  brother'^s  relig^ ;  when  he  had  been  «  con- 
siderable  time  abroad,  he  got  Bbertjr  from  the 
king  t9  return  for  some  time  to  settle  his  affiiirs : 
notwithstanding  which,  he  could  not  think  he  was 
safe  whilst  Sir  James  Hamilton  was  precsdent  of 
that  new  inquisition,  who,  though  his  near  rcbtion, 
was  his  mortal  enemy,  becaase  when  be  was  sheriff, 
he  had  given  a  oonse  against  him  ;^  he  kneir  that 
SSf  Janes  never  forgave  what  he  believed  was  an 
injury,  and  would  now  colour  his  vevenge  agsuist 
bis  enemies,  by  the  aii*atoning  name  of  seal  for 
the  catholic  fiudi.  And  now,  seeing  an  aftefgame 
was  dangerous,  this  gentleman  designed  to  be  be- 
forehand with  him,  upon  this  he  sent  his  son  to 
the  king,  who  was  then  in  Fifeshire,  to  warn  ban, 
that  now  there  was  great  necessity  for  lus  majesty 
to  take  care  of  his  person,  for  Sir  James  Hamilton 
corresponded  secretly  with  the  earl  of  A^gus,  and 
that  he  only  wailed  for  a  convenient  time  to  put 
his  wicked  designs  in  execution  ;  for  whenever  he 
could  nick  the  time  when  bis  majesty  was  alone, 
or  had  few  attendants,  then  be  would  enter  his 
chamber  and  assasnnate  him.  The  king,  who 
never  was  regardless  of  any  thing  that  was  propo- 
sed for  the  safety  of  his  life,  dispatched  that  young 
gentleman  to  Edinburgh,  and  gave  him  his  riiig; 
which  was  well  known  to  his  ministers  as  a  token 

W  XEKG  JAXfiB  W.  151 

of  ihe  tradi  of  the  laeaaiiige;  he  toU  tbem  the 
kwg  orderi^  Jam^  LermoDtt  his  maater  of  the 
household,  James  Kirkcaldy,  the  treatorer,  and 
Thomas  Erskine^  master  o{  requests,  to  meet  iu 
jthe  exchequer;  that  the  yousg  g^itkman,  the 
bearer,  would  acquaint  them  with  the  treasonable 
designs  of  Sir  James  Hamilton,  which  they  were 
speedily  to  prevent* 

Those  judges,  who  couM  not  dispence  with 
theur  obedience  to.  the  kii|g^s  positive  commandsi 
went  immediately  to  Sir  James^  house,  where  they 
arrested  him,  and  committed  bin;  to  prison  in  the 
castle  of  Edinburgh,  and  in  the  mean  time  drew 
up  the  articles  of  impeachment  against  him.  Hie 
churclmien  were  persuaded  that  this  aocusaUon 
was  a  contrivance  of  the  protestants,  to  ruin  the 
inquisition,  which  began  then  to  be  hard  upon 
them ;  upoti  which  accouiiit  they  undertook  the 
defence  of  the  prisoner,  went  to  the  king,  and 
most  earnestly  desired  him  to  give  no  credit  to 
those  calumnies  Sir  James  was  diarged  with,  who 
had  always  been  a  very  faithful  and  obedient  sub- 
ject to  his  majesty.  They  moat  humjbly  begged 
that  he  might  be  enlarged,  and  sent  back  to  the  * 
exercise  of  his  office.  Lermont  and  Kirkcaldy, 
being  apprised  how  eagerly  the  clergy  defended 
the  prisoner's  cause,  were  mightily  troubled ;  on 
the  one  hand  they  knew  that  the  king  was  na- 
turally in'^lined  to  mercy,  and  was  too  much  di- 
rected by  the  counsels  of  churchmen;  on  the 
other  hand,  they  knew  if  Sir  James  regained  his 
liberty,  he  would  never  forgive  the  affront  thqr 
had  done  him ;  for  he  was  a  man  of  great  interest, 


factious,  and  reyengeful,  and  tbeir  known  loye  to 
the  protestant  religion,  would  give  him  the  best 
handle  imaginable  to  work  their  ruin. 

To  provide  for  their  safety,  they  went  to  the 
king,  and  enlarged  not  so  much  upon  the  prisoner's 
guilt,  or  the  circumstances  of  it,  as  upon  his  dan- 
gerous and  wicked  temper,  that  he  was  bold,  out- 
rageous, and  powerful,  and  would  never  forget 
the  scandal  of  his  imprisonment,  but  would  think 
of  nothing  but  revenge,  if  he  were  freed  from 
prison  before  he  was  tried  :  those  hints  determined 
the  king  to  lay  aside  his  journey  to  Seatoun,  and 
to  go  to  Edinburgh,    On  the  day  appointed  for 
the  trial,  the  king  came  to  the  court  of  justice 
and  sat  there  in  person  ;  the  prisoner  was  brought 
to  the  bar,  and  had  liberty  to  make  his.  defence  in 
the  most  full  manner  he  could ;  after  this  the  king 
went  out  of  the  court,  probably  to  shun  any  pe- 
titions that  might  be  made  for  his  life,  or  lest  his 
presence  might  hinder  the  judges  from  speaking 
their  minds  freely,  seeing  it  was  a  matter  that 
concerned  the  safety  of  his  own  person :    he  or- 
dered the  judges  to  continue  the  trial  till  it  was 
ended,  and  told  them  he  gave  them  all  power  to 
do  justice  according  to  their  consciences,  and  to 
the  laws  of  the  kingdom :    so  upon  the  proof  of 
the  articles  of  impeachment  Sir  James  was  found 
guilty,  and  was   condemned  to   be  hanged   and 
quartered,  and  his  quarters  to  be  fixed  upon  the 
gates  of  the  city.     Few  lamented  his  death  ex- 
cept his  relations ;    for  his  actions  had  procured 
very  many  enemies,  because  he  stuck  at  nothing 
to  advance  his  own  interest. 

OF  KiKa  JAMES   V.  153 

From  that  time  there  was  an  intire  change  in 
the  temper  and  nature  of  the  king,  so  that  all  at 
once  he  became  morose  and  chagrin  to  that  de« 
gree,  that  be  was  uneasy  both  to  himself  and 
others ;  he  was  displeased  with  every  thing,  and 
abandoned  himself  so  much  to  melancholy,  that 
he  avoided  all  recreations:  but  any  scandalous 
discourse  that  concerned  the  nobility,  was  the  only 
conversation  that  pleased  him. 

The  cause  which  was  assigned  for  this  melan- 
choly of  his,  was  *  his  superstitious  observance  of 
dreams,  which  he  always  explained  to  be  the  pre- 
sages of  some  future  dismal  event.  <<  It  is  one  of 
the  most  remarkable  misfortunes*  of  mankind,  who, 
for  unaccountable  apprehensions,  torment  them- 
selves with  what  is  past,  are  perplexed  for  what  is 
to  come,  and  not  satisfied  with  their  present 
troubles,  make  use  of  the  night,  which  was  de- 
signed for  their  rest,  to  increase  their  misery,  and 
to  afford  them  new  materials  of  affliction/' 

Amongst  all  his  dreams,  none  tormented  him 
more  than  this;  be  dreamed,  the  night  after  the 
execution  of  Sir  James  Hamilton,  that  he  entered 
•  bis  chamber,  and  with  a  sword  cut  off  his  two 
arms,  and  threatened  he  would  return  and  take 
away  the  remains  of  his  life ;  upon  which  he  dis- 
appeared. The  king  awakened  in  a  great  sur- 
prise, continued  thoughtful,  and  was  persuaded 
that  that  dream  which  he  could  not  get  out  of  his 
head,  was  an  omen  of  something  very  afflicting, 
which  was  very  near  at  hand  ;  this  he  found  too 
true,  for  not  long  after,  he  had  the  sad  news  that 



both  his  sons  died  the  sane  day,  add  the  same 
hour,  the  eldest  at  St.  Andrews,  and  the  other  at 
Stirling.  This  was  a  verjr  great  loss,  btit  he  bore 
it  patiently,  because  the  queen  was  theh  with 
child,  who  dissembled  the  sense  «fbe  bad  df  that 
affliction,  and  endeavoured  by  all  means  to  comfort 
the  king,  whom  she  endeavoured  to  dissuade  from 
having  such  a  regard  to  dreams,  which  above  all 
things  impaired  his  health ;  for  that  end  she  em- 
ployed the  assistance  of  two  learned  divines  and 
philosophers  who  were  then  at  court,  if  possibly 
by  argument  they  could  cure  the  wounded  iraa^ 
gination  of  the  king,  and  persuade  him  that 
dreams  are  nothing  but  delu^ons.  When  the 
question  was  stated,  whether  we  ought  to  give 
any  faith  to  dreams  or  not,  they  were  not  both  of 
the  same  opinion : 

One  of  them  said,  <<  that  Ood  by  dreams  used 
to  give  men  notices  of  what  was  to  come,  and 
though  sometimes  they  appear  very  obscute  and 
unintelligible,  yet  the  event,  which  is  the  best 
commentary  upon  them,  discovers  their  tmth ; 
dreams  are  generally  big  with  mysteries,  the  un- 
folding of  which  belongs  only  to  those,  to  whom 
heaven  has  imparted  that  gift;  and  if  any  ol>- 
ject  that  they  are  frequently  false,  that  mis- 
take proceeds  from  our  ignorance  of  them,  and 
frequently  because  persons  who  are  unacquaint- 
ed with  such  high  secrets,  undertake  to  ex- 
plain them  :  beskles,  that  God  for  vary  wise  rea- 
sons reveals  himdelf  to  mankind  during  their  sleep, 
because  then  the  soul  is  most  free  from  the  noise, 
hiirry,  and  confusion  of  the  senses  $  and  as  that 

OF  XIKa  JAM98  V*  16^ 

tifloe  is  most  su^oeptible  of  his  holy  iii£^iratioii99 
OS  the  acripturefi!  informs  iis  in  the  CAse  of  Abime^ 
lech,  I^aban,  Judas  Mi^ihabeus,  Nebuchadoezarf 
St.  John,  the  three  Wis^  MeD»  and  others  who 
were  all  instruct^  from  above  in  dreams :  Hke* 
wise  those  surprising  arts  which  Bea^aleel  and  Aho- 
liah  exc€fUed  in,  were  more  frequently  infused 
into  tbem  wh^i  asleep,  than  when  they  were 

The  other  learned  man  on  the  contrary  m«in- 
tiuned,  ^  that  it  waa  only  an  error  of  an  old  date 
that  had  seduced  several  great  men,  to  believe 
thai  dreams  contained  any  heavenly  mystery^  see»- 
log  they  were  to  b^  accounted  for  in  a  natuzal 
way ;  for  they  had  their  rise  partly  from  the  con«> 
stitutipn  of  m^,  and  partly  ftom  the  a<;tive  nature 
^  men^s  s{Hrits>  ^ven  in  the  time  of  rest,  when 
they  cannot  use  th<s  senses  and  organ^  of  the  body, 
which  are  then  fast  bound  up  by  sleep :  the  mind 
is  obliged  to  sport  itself  in  the  imagjioation,  where 
there  is  a  medley  of  ideas  relating  to  different  ob*> 
jeets,  by  the  blending  of  which  together,  it  creates 
diimeras  that  never  did  exist,  and  are  impossible 
ever  to  be ;  and  sometimes  the  soul  diverts  itself 
in  the  memory,  where  are  imprinted  the  ideas  of 
things  that  have  struck  our  senses,  or  the  traces  of 
things  which  we  have  done,  or  design  to  do ;  if 
the  mind  happen  then  to  be  in  any  violent  passion, 
the  ideas*  of  the  imagination  are  jumbled  with 
those  of  the  memory ;  the  dreams  which  proceed 
from  such  a  confusion  are  incapable  of  any  mean- 
ing; so  it  is  profane  to  attribute  them  to  the  holy 
qnrit.  How  foolish  is  it  to  imagine  that  our 


dreams  are  more  capable  of  infallibility  and  inter- 
course with  heaven,  than  our  thoughts  when  we 
are  awake,  which  -are  frequently  then  engaged  in 
deep  and  rational  meditations  ?  How  unworthy 
of  God  is  it  to  fancy  he  is  the  author  of  dreamB, 
and  that  by  them  he  warns  us  of  things  that  are 
to  come,  when  of  a  hundred  thousand  of  them  we 
shall  scarcely  find  one  that  can  have  any  meaning 
at  all ;  the  rest  are  only  chimeras  which  have  no 
signification  :  this  would  prove  quite  otherwise,  if 
they  were  from  God,  who  never  does  any  thing 
in  vain ;  for  all  his  gifts  answer  the  ends  they 
were  designed  for ;  so  those  inspirations  which 
proceed  from  the  omniscience  of  Grod,  must  of 
necessity  be  intelligible:  for  Grod,  who  is  infallible, 
never  produces  effects  contrary  to  his  own  perfec- 
tions. How  ridiculous  is  it  to  imagine,  that  Grod, 
who  is  light,  truth,  and  order,  is  the  author  of 
dreams  which  are  full  of  obscurity,  lies,  and  confu- 
sion P  In  vain  it  is  to  support  that  opinion  from 
the  authority  of  the  holy  scriptures,  seeing  it  is 
expressly  forbidden  in  Leviticus  to  observe  dreams ; 
further,  a  regard  to  dreams  and  vain  delusions 
has  been  the  occasion  of  the  miscarriage  of  many 
actions.  He  owned  that  great  secrets  had  been 
discovered  in  the  night  by  revelation,  which  is  the 
peculiar  favour  of  God,  but  not  at  all  by  dreams, 
which  have  nothing  to  do  with  inspiration ;  that 
it  was  an  improper  way  of  speaking  to  call  those 
vinons  in  the  night  which  appeared  to  Abimelech, 
Solomon,  and  other  holy  persons,  by  the  name  of 
dreams,  seeing  the  former  are  prophecies  full  of 
high  and  holy  mysteries:    in  fine,  it  was  great 

«r  KIHa  JAMB8  T.  ] J^7 

iveakness  to  be  moved  by  dreams,  or  to  give  any 
evedit  to  them/' 

The  king  listened  to  this  disoouree  with  great  ^ 
attention  i  but  when  he  compared  his  dream  with 
the  loss  of  two  sons  whidi  followed  upon  it,  and 
whom  he  thought  were  represented  by  his  two 
aims,  nothing  eould  hinder  him  from  believing 
^em.  * 

At  this  time  there  was  neither  certain  peace,  nor 
open  war,  betwixt  England  and  Scotland;  for 
Henry  VIII.  was  enrag^  to  see  that  his  nephew 
alighted  him,  this  made  him  g^ve  secret  orders  to 
his  garrisons  on  the  frontiers  to  make  inroads 
upon  Scotland ;  when  king  James  saw  that  such 
grievances  and  injuries  were  not  at  all  redressed, 
be  began  to  review  his  troops,  because  he  was  as- 
sured that  in  a  little  time  a  war  would  begin  be- 
twixt the  two  kingdoms :  upon  which  he  made  the 
earl  of  Murray,  his  bastard  brother,  lieutenant- 
general  of  his  army,  and  gave  all  the  necessary 
orders  for  putting  a  stop  to  the  incursions  of  the 
enemy.  In  the  mean  time,  whilst  both  kings 
were  making  preparations  for  war,  king  James 
desired  by  fair  means  to  compose  the  differences 
between  his  uncle  and  himself:  for  that  end  he 
sent  James  Lermont  to  wait  upon  king  Henry 
at  Newcastle,  to  excuse  his  not  comipg  to  York, 
according  to  his  uncle's  desire,  because  then  the 
dircumstances  of  his  affairs  were  such,  that  it  was 
not  safe  for  him  to  leave  his  kingdom ;  that  there 
was  no  reason  why  the  king  of  England  should 
be  angry  with  him  upon  that  account;  that  it 
was  unjust  for  him  to  suffer  his  army,  even  in  the 


time  of  peace,  to  invade  his  kiogdonii  and  lay  bis 
subjects  under  contribution,  and  besides  to  treat 
them  with  all  possible  cruelty.  Mr.  Lermont  was 
to  ask  reparation  for  those  wrongs. 

During  Mr.  Lermont's  absence,  the  king  or- 
dered George  Gordon,  earl  of  Huntly,  to  the 
frontiers  with  a  squadron  of  light  horse,  to  op- 
pose the  English  army  if  they  entered  Scotland  ; 
but  he  did  nothing  that  was  considerable,  because 
he  was  very  far  inferior  to  the  enemy  in  number, 
whose  forces  increased  daily.  The  English,  in 
the  view  of  Huntly,  marched  towards  Jedburgh 
to  take  it  by  assault,  where  they  expected  good 
plunder ;  but  the  earl  of  Hume,  who  had  raised 
four  hundred  horse  in  great  haste,  opposed  their 
march,  and  disputed  every  foot  of  ground  with 
them ;  and  after  a  bloody  fight  of  three  hours^ 
Hume's  party  perceiving  Huntly^s  troops  riding 
up  to  them,  thought  they  were  coming  to  reinforce 
the  English  army,  upon  which  they  retired  in 
good  order,  with  the  loss  of  few  of  their  men,  but 
several  were  taken.  All  this  time  Henry  VIII. 
amused  Lermont  with  promises  that  he  would 
give  full  contentment  to  his  nephew  till  his  army 
was  ready  to  march,  which  he  ordered  Lermont 
to  accptppany  to  Scotland,  lest  otherwise  he  might 
give  warning  to  his  master,  whom  he  designed  to 
surprise  before  he  was  prepared  to  encounter  him. 

When  the  king  was  informed  of  the  march  of 
his  enemies,  not  being  then  ready  to  take  the  field, 
to  gain  time,  he  sent  John  Areskine  to  York,  to 
the  duke  of  Norfolk,  who  was  lieutenant-general 
of  king  Henry's  army,  to  demand  the  reasons  of 

OF  KING  JAM£a   T.  159 

that  invanon ;  that  if  he  had  done  any  injustice 
to  the  king  of  En^and  he  was  willing  to  make  re- 
paration, seeing  war  would  be  to  both  their  losses. 
The  duke  detained  Areskine  till  his  army  came  to 
Berwick,  and  would  not  suffer  him  to  go  to  Scot- 
land, though  Areskine  saw  there  was  no  hopes  of 
peace,  he  got  no  positive  answer  from  the  duke  : 
the  design  of  this  was,  that  king  James,  expecting 
peace,  might  not  be  in  readiness  to  resist  him 
when  he  entered  Scotland.  The  king  being  in- 
formed by  his  scouts*  that  the  English  army  was 
within  fifteen  miles  of  the  borders,  he  encamped 
the  body  of  his  army  near  Falla-church,  and  or- 
dered the  earl  of  Huntly  to  march  before  with 
a  thousand  men  to  meet  them ;  but  he  did  nothing 
that  was  remarkable. 

Though  the  Scotch  army  was  outnumbered  by 
the  English,  yet  the  king  sought  all  occasions  to 
bring  it  to  a  battle ;  but  could  not  persuade  his 
DobiUty  to  be  willing,  which  highly  enraged  him, 
and  to  gain,  if  possible,  upon  them,  he  made  the 
following  speech : 

«« Shall  it  ever  be  said  that  the  nobility  of  Scot- 
land have  abandoned  the  service  of  their  king  in 
the  aght  of  the  enemy,  and  when  the  two  armies 
were  ready  to  engage?  Is  it  possible  that  you 
who  have  courted  opportunities  to  show  your  bra- 
very, that  you  now  shall  lose  this  occasion  which 
offers,  where  you  may  purchase  new  laurels  ?  How 
unlike  are  you  to,  those  brave  warriors  your  pre- 
decessors, whose  arms  and  names  you  bear,  who 
were  regardless  of  their  lives  when  honour  and 
the  defence  of  their  country  invited  them  to  war  f 


If  the  danger  of  your  king  19  not  firgume&t  enoij^h 
to  persuade  you,  let  the  safety  of  ypur  native  coun- 
try move  you^  which  is  in  danger  of  su&ring  all 
the  inconveniencies  of  being  made  the  seat  of  the 
war,  seeing  your  birth,  your  wives,  and  children, 
oblige  you  to  spend  your  blood  in  their  defence : 
what  have  you  to  fear  from  the  English  army 
which  is  marching  against  you,  seeing  they  are 
only  new  levied  men,  and  undisciplined,  whidi  I 
could  undertake  to  disperse  with  those  of  my 
household  ?  but  I  am  more  afraid  of  those  amongst 
you,  who  are  not  determined,  as  yet,  if  they  shall 
as^st  me  in  the  time  of  the  engagement;  you 
ought  to  remember  it  was  always  a  fixed  principle 
with  your  worthy  ancestors.  That  life  is  a  punish- 
ment  to  those 'who  have  lost  their  honour.  Bouse 
then  your  courage,  and  suffer  not  victory  to  es- 
cape us,  which  shall  certainly  be  ours,  if  you  dis- 
oover  any  bravery  at  all  upon  this  occasion ;  other- 
wise I  shall  publish  your  ingratitude,  and  leave  it 
to  posterity  to  judge,  whither  cowardice  or  treascm 
has  the  greatest  share  in  your  thus  deserting  the 
service  of  your  king.'' 

The  king  could  not  moderate  his  wrath,  though 
many  of  the  nobility  represented,  <<  that  they  had 
acquired  reputation  enough,  in  that  with  so  small 
a  force,  and  levied  in  such  haste,  they  bad  stc^t 
the  progress  of  their  enemies  powerful  and  nu- 
merous army,  which  had  been  so  long  a  preparing, 
and  which  designed  no  less  than  to  overrun  the 
whole  country,  which  though  it  had  been  eight 
days  on  the  frontiers,  yet  never  durst  advance  one 
vuile  withip  it ;    they  were  pot  sensible  that  they 

OF  KI196  JAMES   ¥•  161 

had  degenerated  from  the  valour  and  merit  of 
their  forefathers,  and  should  never  give  occasion 
to  the  king  either  to  doubt  of  their  courage  or  fi- 
delity. But  they  desired  his  majesty  to  consider 
how  dangerous  it  would  be,  both  for  his  person, 
and  kingdom,  to  hazard  a  battle  at  such  an  unfit 
Ume  ;  he ,  ought  to  remember  Flodden  Field, 
where  rashness  contributed  more  than  any  thing 
to  the  defeat,  and  lost  the  life  of  his  father,  and 
exposed  their  country  to  the  mercy  of  his  enemy : 
if  he  would  be  graciously  pleased  to  listen  to  the 
advice  of  his  faithful  servants,  and  would  suffer 
his  affairs  to  be  managed  with  patience,  they  could 
promise  him  a  sure  victory.^ 

It  soon  appeared,  that  the  advice  of  the  nobility 
was  very  fit  at  diat  time ;  for  the  duke  of  Nor- 
folk leaving  Berwick,  had  entered  Scotland,  and 
crossed  the  river  Tweed  at  Kelso,  and  did  not 
think  there  was  any  Scotch  army  to  oppose  his 
march ;  but  when  news  came  to  his  camp,  that 
king  James  was  not  six  miles  distant  from  him, 
with  a  conttderable  army,  and  designed  to  give 
him  battle,  this  unexpected  account  of  matters  so 
terrified  his  soldiers,  a  great  part  of  which  followed 
more  upon  the  account  of  plunder  than  for  fight- 
ing, that  they  repassed  the  river  in  great  disorder, 
leaving  behind  Uiem  their  arms  and  baggage,  and 
returned  to  their  houses.  Huntly,  who  knew  of 
this,  made  no  advantage  of  that  disorder,  and  did 
not  pursue  them ;  so  from  that  time  the  king  hated 
him.  The  lord  Maxwell,  who  earnestly  desired 
to  recover  in  the  king^s  mind  a  good  opinion  of  his 
nobility,  came  and  proposed  to  his  majesty.  That 


if  he  would  give  him  the  oommBiid  of  tea  thou- 
sand men,  he  would  enter  England  by  the  way  of 
Sol  way,  whieh  diversion  would  divide  their  enemy^s 
force^  and  doubted  not  but  he  should  do  some 
action  that  should  please  his  majesty.  This  de* 
sign  was  very  like  to  turn  to  a  good  account,  if  it 
had  not  been  ruined  by  the  king^s  implacable  aver* 
sion  to  the  nobility :  for  the  king,  after  he  gave 
the  command  to  Maxwell,  a  wise  and  experienced 
general,  who  detached  a  body  of  ten  thousand 
men  ftom  the  army,  he  th^i  gave  also  a  secret 
commission  in  writing  to  a  young  gentleman, 
called  Oliver  &U  Clare,  of  no  great  family,  and 
above  all,  who  had  no  expertence  in  any  such 
mattersi  which  strictly  commanded  all  the  army 
to  acknowledge  him  for  the  kiag^a  lieutenanti* 
general,  which  oommissbn  Oliver  was  not  to  open 
till  the  two  armies  was  about  to  engage  (  his  de* 
ngn  in  this  was.  That  if  that  army  routed  the 
English^  the  nobility  might  pretend  no  diare  in 
the  victory,  whose  pride  above  all  things  he  de^ 
dred«  to  mortify.  Maxwell  passed  the  Solway, 
and  was  about  to  enter  England,  when  there  ap- 
peared on  the  top  of  a  hill  about  one  thousand 
five  hundred  of  the  enemy^s  horse,  about  two  miles 
from  his  army,  and  was  then  about  to  pursue 
them,  when  St*  Clare,  according  to  the  king^s  or^ 
ders,  is  presently  mounted  on  crossed  pikes,  that 
he  might  be  seen  by  the  army,  and  has  his  com* 
mission  read  with  a  loud  voice :  this  unexpected 
turn  of  affairs,  provoked  all  the  soldiers  so  much, 
and  especially  Maxwell,  that  immediately  they 
broke  thdir  ranks,  and  refused  to  obey  the  new 

OF  KIHG  JAMBS  V.  163 

general;  M  ootirosion  now  prevailed  instesaid  of 
their  former  good  order.  The  enemy  perceiving 
tbie,  improved  it  to  their  own  advantage,  and 
were  resolved  to  attack  them  immediately  whilst 
in  disorder,  before  they  were  determined  either  to 
fight  o^  retire;  they  eharged  them  with  great 
fury  and  a  load  ery,  whilst  their  snttl^s,  baggage, 
and  servants,  horse  and  foot  were  all  mixed  to- 
gether :  few  soldiers  were  killed  in  this  encounter, 
but  many  were  made  prisoners.  The  news  of  this 
scandalous  defeat  when  brought  to  the  king,  who 
wis  neat  iit  hand,  almost  distracted  him ;  some- 
tiroes  his  thoughts  was  fiill  of  nothing  but  fevenge 
against  thdse  who  would  not  acknowledge  St. 
Clare  their  general ;  at  another  time  he  was  racked 
with,  indigtiatibn  and  shame  for  that  scandalous 
misfortiine,  and  resolved  to  levy  a  new  army,  and 
either  to  rout  his  enemies,  or  to  lose  his  life. 

But  the  prudent  queen,  who  perceived  that  the 
king  was  distempered  with  melancholy  and  chagrin, 
and  that  the  present  bad  posture  of  affairs  required 
a  peace,  she  procured  a  truce  by  the  mediation  of 
the  earl  of  Angus,  who  for  that  good  service  had 
liberty  granted  him  to  return  into  Scotland. 

Upon  the  disbanding  of  the  army  the  king 
came  to  Stirling,  whither  the  queen  came  also, 
and  was  brought  to  bed  of  a  daughter  called  Mary, 
who  was  queen  of  Scotland  after  her  father^s 
death ;  this  was  a  considerable  comfort  to  them 
in  their  late  troubles :  but  the  long  watchings,  the 
constant  perturbation  of  mind,  and  grief  which  he 
had  suffered  for  about  four  months,  Kad  so  weak- 
ened the  king»  that  at  length  he  was  taken  with  a 

164         THE  LIFE  AKD  DEATH  OF  KING  JAMES  V. 

loss  of  appetite,  which  hindered  from  taking  any 
nourishment,  and  that  occasioned  his  death. 

He  was  a  comely  prince,  of  an  ordinary  stature, 
but  strong  to  a  wonder ;  he  was  naturally  a  man 
of  great  abilities,  of  a  penetrating  judgement,  and 
had  made  a  greater  figure  in  the  world,  if  those 
gifts  of  nature  had  been  cultivated  by  a  good  edu- 
cation; but  it  was  the  unhappiness  of  that  time,  that 
learning  was  thought  unbecoming  a  great  man : 
he  was  gracious,  a  lover  of  justice,  and  punished 
thieves  severely;  he  could  endure  much  fatigue,and 
suffer  trouble  with  a  great  evenness  of  temper ; 
the  poor  had  as  easy  access  to  him  as  the  great ;  but 
withal  he  was  very  much  ^ven  to  his  pleasures. 

Thus  died  king  James,  the  fifth  of  that  name, 
December  30th,  1541,  more  by  grief  than  ^ckness, 
being  in  the  flower  of  his  youth,  about  thirty  years 
of  age,  after  he  bad  reigned  twenty-eight  years. 


Glasgow:  Piinted  by  R.  Chapman.  1819. 













By  WILLIAM  BUCHANAN  or  Auchkae. 


By  jRobert  Chapman. 



AN  Inquiry  into  thb  Genealogy  and  Present 
State  or  Ancient  Scottish  Surnames^ 


of  the  Family 
Qf  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Family 
of  the  Fimiily 
of  the  Family 

of  Murray^ 
of  Stewart,  - 
of  Douglas, 
of  Wymess,  - 
of  Campbell, 
ofOgilvie,  - 
of  Kennedy, 
of  Graham,  - 
of  Seaton, 
of  Levingston, 
of  Hamilton, 
of  Hepburn, 
of  Gray,  - 
of  Fraser,     - 
of  Sinclair, 
of  Ramsay,  » 
of  Carnegie, 
of  Munroe,  - 
of  Grant,  - 
of  Menzies,  • 




~    An  Account  of  the  MacDonalds^        -        -        45 
An  Account  of  the  Surname  of  MacDougal^  parw 

ticuUrly  of  Lom^  -  -  -  -  •  58 
An  Account  of  the  Surname  of  MacNeil,  •  6S 
An  Account  of  the  Surname  of  MacLean^  or 

MacGillean, 66 

An  Account  of  the  Surname  o£  MacLeod,   -        73 
An  Account  of  the  Macintoshes  and  MacPher- 

sons,   -        -        -      ^--        -        -76 

An  Account  of  the  Eoberttfons,  or  Clan  Don- 
nochie,     -        -        -        -        -        -81 

An  Account  of  the  Surname  of  MacFarlane,  •  S$ 
An  Aoooont  4rfthe  Surname  of  Cameron,  *  'Qi 
An  Aooouat  of  the  Surname  of  MacLaiidilan,  98 
An  Account  of  the  Surname  of  MacNauchtan,  101 
An  Account  of  the  Surname  of  MacGregor,  -  104 
An  Account  ofthe  Surname  of  Colquhoun:  and 
the  Ancient  Lairds  of  Luss,  before  the  As- 
sumption of  that  Surname,  -  -  108 
An  Account  of  the  Surname  of  Lamond,  ->  1 1 5 
An  Account  ofthe  Surname  of  MacAulay,  -      119 

Heir  foUowis  the  Geneologies  ofthe  Chieff  Clans 
of  the  lies  :  collected  bj  me  Sir  Donald 
Monro,  Heigh  Dean  ofthe  Hes,         -        -  121  , 

A  Briefe  Chronicle  ofthe  Earles  of  Ros,  and  Ab« 

bots  of  Feme,       .        .        -        -        -       125 
Ofthe  Clan-Ounn,  Clan-Leod,  and  Clan^Leandris,  1 33 

A  Historical  and  Genealogical  Essay  upon 

THE  Family  and  Surname  of  Buchanan,  135 

An  Account  of  the  Family  of  Auchmar,         -  184 
An.  Account  of  the  Family  of  Spittel,  «        -      193 



An  Account  of  the  Old  Family  of  Arnpryor^  -  200 
An  AccounJ;  of  the  Family  of  Drumikill^  -  209 
An  Account  of  Mr.  George  Buchanan^  -  -  226 
An  Account  of  the  Family  of  Carbeth^  -  232 
An  Account  of  the  Family  of  Lenny,  •  -  243 
An  Account  of  the  Family  of  Auchneiven,  «  259 
A  Brief  Account  of  Buchanan  of  Miltoun ;  also 
of  Buchanan  of  Cashill,  Arduill  and  Sal- 
lochie,  -         -         ....         -265 

An  Account  of  the  MacAuselans,  -  -  272 
An  Account  of  the  MacMillana,  •  *  .  .  277 
An  Account  of  the  MacColmans,  -  -  284 
An  Account  of  the  Origin  of  the  Spittels,  •  288 
An  Account  of  the  Origin  of  the  MacMau- 
rices,  MacAndeoirs,  MacChruiters,  and 
MacGreusichs,  .....  292 
A  Brief  Account  of  the  Martial  Achievements 

of  the  Family  of  Buchanan,    -         -         -297 
A  Brief  Account  of  some  Learned  Mon  of  the 

Name  of  Buchanan,  -        -        -        -      S09 



THE  suliject  of  the  fWlowmg  book  may  p6dgii^ 
bly  appear  a  little-  too  confined  Ixy  the  most  pai^ 
of  readers,  m  regard  tlie  affairs  of  private  famHied^ 
can  be  of  so  very  little  concern  to  thc^  public ;  atid* 
basidea,  genealogies  themselveik  are  commonly  reck- 
oned so  dry  and  tasteless  a  thing,  that  very  tew 
peepie  thmk  it  worth  while  to  be  at  mfCich  paiMi 
about  them.  It  i«  not  my  design  to  answer  idl 
the  arguments  may  be  urg^d  on  this  head.  I  per- 
suade myself^  iH^  man  thinks  it  tost  krbodr  to  in- 
quire  into  the  descent  of  princes,  and  other  emiir- 
ent  personages ;  and  why  should  it  be  looked'  OH 
afl!  altiogetfeep  unnecessary  to  know  that  af  priv^stb 
famiKeS)  especially  when  they  have  produced  per- 
seftfi^  of^xtraerdinary  characters  and  rtputatiotf  in 
the  world  ?  The  public  historians  cannot  be  sap^ 
posed  to  know  any  thing  of  suxrh  mitiotie  passagei^ 
witbout  the  help  of  such  private  ihemoriais  ;*  and^ 
tWdbrei^  lis^  necessary!  that  some  orotfaer  shoofd 


take  upon  them  that  lower  employment,  of  gather- 
ing together  the  materials,  that  may  be  serviceable 
to  the  higher  order  of  writers..  Instead,  therefore, 
of  incurring  censure  for  the  choice  of  my  subject, 
I  ought  rather  to  have  the  thanks  of  my  readers, 
for  not  going  out  of  my  depth,  by  undertaking 
what  I  had  not  sufficient  abilities  for. 

None  of  my  reader^  need  be.  afraid  of  b^g  im- 
posed upon  in  my  management  of  this  work.  For 
though,  indeed,  in  some  cases,  where  authentic 
records  could  not  be  had,  I  have  been  obliged  to 
take  up  with  the  best  attested,  and  most  generally 
received,*  traditional  accounts;  yet  for  the  most 
part  I  am  supported  in  what  I  say,  by  ancient 
charters  of  uncontested  authority.  And  beude^ 
whenever  I  am  obliged  to  make  use  of  tradition, 
I  always  advertise  my  reader «of  it;  and  giting  . 
him  the  most  probable  account  to  confirm  my  own 
opinion,  leave  him  to  make  what  judgment  he 
pleaseth  himself  upon  the  mattea:. 

In  the  Account  of  the  Highland  Ci^aks,  the 
curious  will  find  something  that  has  ndt  yet'  been 
touched  upon  by  any  of  our  writers,  and  which 
may  be  agreeaUe  to  such  as  are  fond,  of  our  Scot- 
tish antiquities ;  there  being  not  only  an  ^bstafaet 
of  all  that  our  historians  have  delivered  unto  us 
on  that  subject,  but  also  all  the  old  uncpntKovert* 
ed  traditions  we  have  among  us  relating  thei^eto, 
which,  though  they  cannot  be  Touched  by  writt^ 
authorities^  yet  it  would  be  overgreat;  u\a;^du)ity^ 


to  jmj  <io  iiMu»er  oC  v^^ 4to  tham;  e^pedidif 
sMioe  iFe  have  lor  the  mofttpflrtnolaei^ter'dodii* 
meats  Sot  the  origin  of  niosi  nataoiis  in  EtiMpe. 

The  Family  of  Bitchahak  has  had  the  honour 

to  prodiice  a  |^eat  many  persons^  that  make  a  tcY j 

coosidinrable^igiire  in  our  history;  andaS  it  it  na^ 

tural  for  us  to  be  curious  labout  the  smaller  ciN 

oumstances  i^lating  to  great  meo«  those  of  that 

'  temper  will  here  find  what  in  a  great  meactore  me^ 

serve  to  gratify  such  Iheir  curiosity.    Beades^this 

family  is  now  grown  so  v^  numerous^  di«^  it 

cannot  but  be  of  very  great  use  to  those  of  the 

name^  or  that  are  any  way  allied  to  it»  to  have  a 

full  and  distinct  account  of  its  affairs*     So  that 

though  perhaps  this  treatise  may  not  be  of  such 

gtoeral  use,  yet  it  will  at  least  serve  them  for  whom 

I  principally  intended  it^  to  wit,  those  of  the  namfii 

and  family  of  Buchanan. 

In  ^ving  an  account  of  the  fiimily  of  Buchanan^ 
I  have  been  very  exact  in  looking  over  the  writings 
belonging  to  it,  nowsin  the  hands  of  his  grace  the  , 
duke  of  Montrose,  which  the  laird  of  Gorthy  tiras 
pleased  to  supply  me  with.  This  account,  though 
a  great  many  documents  are  lost;,  has  bean  of  Mn« 
dderable  use  to  me :  as  has  also  th^  tree  of  the 
family  of  Buchanan  in  Lenny^s  hands»  which  though 
a  great  part  of  it  is  cut  off,  and  some  of  it  ocmtrar* 
dictory  to  more  certain  evidents,  yet  is  in  the  main 
a  very  valuable  piece  of  antiquity^  I  have  had 
also  the  perusal  of  all  the  writings  la  the  hands  of 

theBocfaanaiifl  of  DtotmkiUy  Lennj,  Cartieth,  Spit- 
tel^  Auchnmen  and  Gartinstatry,  which  though 
Yeiy  distinct  yet  woaldnot  have  been  full  enough, 
had  I  not  obtained  an  ancient  chartulary  among 
the  records  of  Dunbattonshire,  containing  the 
whole  progress  of  the  earls  c^  Lennox  and  their 
vassals,  from  the  beginning  of  the  reign  of  king 
Alexander  the  second,  anno  1814,  till  the  latter 
end  of  king  Robert  the  third's  reign,  which  has 
been  of  singular  service  to  me.  The  chartularj , 
of  Paisley  has  also  furnished  me  with  several 
things  very  useful  for  fny  purpose. 

Some  people,  indeed,  of  the  name  of  Buchanan, 
from  what  inducement  I  will  not  pretend  to  de- 
termine, have  been  pleased  to  refuse  me  the  neces- 
sary helps  for  giving  an  account  of  their  families : 
if  I  have  therefore  been  any  ways  defecdve  in  what 
relates  to' them,  they  have  none  but  themselves  to 
blame  for  it,  who  have  deprived  me  of  the  means 
whereby  I  can  do  them  justice,  which  was  my  sole 
intention  in  undertaking  this  work, 

I  do  not  think  myself  obliged  to  make  any 
apology  for  the  style  of  the  ensuing  sheets.  The 
subject  of  them  exclude  every  thing  of  labour  and 
elegance.  All  that  can  be  looked  for  in  them  is 
plainness  and  perspicuity,  both  which  it  has  been 
my  greatest  pains  to  endeavour  after.  If  I  have 
succeeded,  so  as  to  satisfy  those  for  whom  I  chiefly 
intended  these  sheets,  I  am  content,  and  shall  de- 
ore  no  other  reward  for  my  labours,  than  that 



they  will  charitably  excuse  whatever  errors  I  may 
have  fidlen  into,  on  account  of  the  sincerity  and 
honesty  of  my  intentions.  I  submit  the  whole  to 
the  candid  reader,  and  shall  no  longer  detain  him 
from  the  perusal  of  the  work* 






INTENDING,  to  give  an  account  of  the  origin 
of  some  of  the  most  considerable  clans  in  Scotland, 
I  think  it  necessary  to  advertise  the  readers  in  the 
entry,  that  they  are  not  to  expect  such  distinct  and 
well  vouched  relations  of  things  transacted  at  so 
great  a  distance  of  time,  as  in  matters  of  more  re- 
cent  memory.  The  history  of  all  nations  and  peo- 
ple in  their  origin  depends  upon  the  authority  of 
immemorial  tradition,  which  if  it  be  not  a  good 
one,  is  at  least  the  only  one  can  be  obtained  in  all 
such  cases.  I  have  therefore  made  use  of  it  in  the 
ensuing  treatise,  wherever  more  authentic  docu* 
ments  were  wanting,  and  when  other  circumstances 
give  the  strength  of  probability  to  the  traditional 

The  existence  of  any  surnames  as  now  used  be- 


fore  the  reign  of  king  Malcolm  Canmore^  which 
commenced  in  the  year  1057,  is  vigorously  con- 
troverted by  a  great  many  of  this  age ;  and  that 
the  first  surnames  which  commenced  in,  or  shortly 
after  that  reign,  were  local  surnames,  or  these  de- 
nominated from  the  lands  first  acquired  by  the  as- 
sumers  of  these  surnames.     This  supposition,  upon 
due  examioatioDj^  will  be  Ibmd  of  na  gcpi9t  waght, 
if  the  least  regard  be  had  to  our  public  histaiies, 
and  some  other  records ;  there  being  no  designation 
more  frequently  mentioned  in  our  histories  than 
that  of  Phylarchs,  or  chieftains  of  tribes,  which  in 
all  rational  probability  <yi&  ^ftauit  of  9^  ^ther  con- 
struction than  chiefs  of  surnames  or  clans,  agreeap 
ble  to  those  of  that  station  in  these  modem  ages. 
It  is  very  absurd  to  assert,  that  there  were  chief- 
tuns  of  tribes  in  these  times,  and  yet  allow  them 
no  tribes  to  be  chieftains  of;  which  is  the  same 
thing  in  effect  as  to  call  one  by  the  name  of  a  king, 
and  yet  allow  him  to  have  no  kingdom ;    or  to 
speak  of  a  general,  and  at  the  same  time  deny 
him  any  soldiers.   Though  it  may  be  urged  against 
this  assertion,  that  these   Phylarchs,   were   the 
king^s  governors  of  provinces,  inhabited  by  tribes 
of  ditiSM^ent  denominations ;   yet  this  is  no  way 
probable,  it  being  evident  from  our  history,  that 
in  the  reign  of  king  Eugenius  YIII.  about  the 
year  740,  Murdoc  was  governor  of  the  province  of 
Galloway,  and  in  the  reign  of  king  Solvatheus, 
anno  770,  Cullan  governor  of  ArgyU,  and  Duchal 
governor  of  Athole.     All  these  being  designed  by 
the  particular  provinces  governed  by  them,   and 
existkig  in  the  same  ages,  that  the  Phylarch®  were 

GP  ^vcaem  tm^nm  Muts^AAik^.         S 

not  mly  laditifi^  tiut  in  Aek  full  ipkMAoiA*,  IM 
tiiey  ooiittAU^  for  tnMiy  Ageii  th«teafti»,  and  df  m 
fuite  diAreitt  office  and  ^^^gtifttion^  WEfikn^Dtly 
demMittfates  tile  Phylit^hfib  to  hwt  htm  difl^rent 
fitnn  tbe  fbv^mMi  of  pHmnee^.  Not  Muld  these 
hav«  b^sn  foventK^rs  ^&t  ea^m  ctthe  twd  or  thttt 
tribes  of  tiipe  Bfigaoteft  and  Silares>  td  which  by 
Some  (be  leeni  Si!e  lulded^  feto  whkli  the  Scottish 
people  w«lre  ift  anctekii  tiflAeS  divided,  i&  i^gatd  the 
Pfaylarafas^  are  stud  %b  be  veiry  xi^Hnevoas^^  ^^ 
cbuwUIofi  in  id^i},  and  tibptaiiiB  m  fiiartial  affidvs 
ladcr  mir  ScdMish  laai^  Whenaas,  tf  there  bad 
Miy  been  eii|pt«do8  of  theae  tribeai  their  iiumb^ 
had  been  no  mate  than  Hii^  nidth  Is  highly  im^^ 
fg^bMs^  and  the  moft  ec^  in  regard  ^tily  the  first 
of  theee  idiree  tribes  is  metitioned,  <ir  apf^ied  or« 
di&arily  to  tbe  Scots,  by  any  uneitce>ptfonaMe  au<- 
tbers.  Much  lettt  are  we  to  rely  tm.  these  iieWly 
invented  fictitious  names  of  Oadeni,  Kovantee, 
Ladeai,  and  sudi  like  names  of  ixflbes  assigned  to 
die  ancient  inhttbitants  o(  each  province^  or  ishite 
m  tbia  kingdom,  to  be  met  with  in  divers,  espe* 
cnUy  nf  our  modem  writetis,  none  tf  which  bath 
the  least  significatioA  in,  or  affinity  with,  the  un- 
deniable natSre  knguage  used  by  those  u>  whom 
these  terms  a»e  ^ven ;  whereas  the  term  of  Ga^ 
tfasfians,  denotii^  thdr  origin,  and  Albinidi,  im* 
poiting  their  country,  though  ftr  more  ancient 
teraiB  than  any  of  the  other,  ar^  as  yet  in  the  na^ 
tivt  language  r^ained  by  the  pt^eny  of  the  an- 
cient Scots.  So  that  it  may  be  presumed  the  above 
names  of  the  severid  tribes  had  not  been  so  wholly 
dttsused,  had  the  tame  erer  been  really  in  use,  or 


of  any  import  in  their  language ;  these  terms  seem- 
ing,  to  have  been  invented  by  such  as  had  little 
knowledge  of  the  language,  and  other  circumstan- 
ces of  those  to  whom  they  assigned  them,  and  there- 
fore no  great  reason  to  assign  the  Phylarchsewho 
had  a  real  existence  to*  these  tribes,  which  in  all 
appearance  had  no  other  than  a  fictitious  one. 

Nor  be  well  imagined  with  what  show  of 
reason  it  can  be  denied,  that  the  ancient  Scots  were 
composed  of  divers  surnames  in  Iximmon  with 
other  nations,  such  as  the  Grecians,  who,  though 
called  by  the  general  denomination  of  Gredans, 
and  more  particularly  by  their  several  provinces,  as 
Beotians,  Spartans,  &c.  yet  at  the  same  time  sur- 
names were  in  use  among  them ;  as  the  Heraclidset 
from  their  progenitor  Hercules ;  Felopidas  from 
Felops;  Mirmidons,  so  denominated  from  their 
frugality  or  laboriousness.  Also  among  the  Bo- 
mans  distinct  surnames  were  no  less  frequent  than 
among  the  former;  as  the  Fabii  from  their' ances- 
tor Fabius;  the  Manlii  Torquati  denominated 
from  their  ancestor  Manlius  Torquatus.  Among 
the  English  the  ancestor  of  the  surname  of  Fiercy, 
ancient  earls  of  Northumberland,  obtained  that 
surname  upon  account  of  their  ancestor's  pierdng 
king  Malcolm  III.'s  eye  with  a  spear  at  Alnwick. 
Also  the  Tumbulls  in  Scotland  are  said  tp  have 
first  got  that  surname  from  one  of  their  ancestors 
turning  of  a  mad  bull,  which  made  an  attempt 
upon  king  Robert  I.  Nor  were  surnames  in  these 
more  ancient  times  only  used  among  the  more 
polite  nations,  but  also  among  the  more  bar- 
barous; .  as  the  Acmenidss  among  the  Fendans; 


ArsacidK  among  the  Parthiiaiiy  tmd  so  in  gene^l 
amcmg  most  of  the  known  world*  And  it  is  very 
miiarkable»  that  ootwithstanding  of  the  various 
revolutions,  aod  grand  mutalionb  which  have  fallen 
upon  the  country  and  people  c^  Italy^  since  the 
decliimtiony  at  least  extinction  of  the  Roman  em>» 
pirO)  yet  some  remiunder  of  the  MMsient  surnames 
with  Uttle  variaticm  oontinue  at  yet  in  that  country  \ 
as  some  of  the  Vitellii,  of  which  family  was  Aulas 
Vitellius,  a  Roman  emperor.  And  we  find  Chia- 
(ttaius  VitelliuS)  a  principal  officer  under  the  prince 
of  Panna  in  Uie  wars  of  Flanders^  not  much  above 
an  age  ago^  being  of  that  ancient  surname.  The 
Irish  also  contend  in  their  histories,  that  they  can 
carry  down  the  deso^sit  of  the  O'NeiUsi  O'DonnellS) 
O^Lauchlins,  O^Brians,  MaoRories,  and  others^ 
telrmed  by  them  the  Mileoan  progeny,  from  certain 
sons  of  Milesius  king  of  Spain,  being,captain  of  the 
first  coltmel  of  Gathdians,  or  Soots,  which  from 
Spain  first  arrived,  and  settled  in  Ireland. 

The  Welch,  and  some  English  writers  assert, 
that  the  ancestor  of  the  sarname  of  Tudbr,  of 
which  was  king  Henry  VII.  was  ori^nally  de^ 
scended  from  Cadwallader^  last  king  olTthe  Britons, 
who  flourished  about  the  668  of  the  christian  epo- 
cha*  To  instance  the  fisndness  of  peopIe^s  having 
the  origin  of  tbrir  most  famous  men  screwed  up 
to  as  great  a  pitch  of  antiquity  as  possible,  yea, 
sometimes  above  measure,  I  observed  in  Harrison, 
an  English  writer,  the  genealogy  of  Hen^st  first 
king  of  Kent,  and  planter  of  the  Saxons  in  Britain, 
carried  up  to  Noah,  and  names  assigned  to  each 
of  hb  pn^nitors  through  all  that  long  pedigrees 


Though,  indeed,  I  in  no  manner  approve  of  such 
vain-glory ;  I  as  little  do  so  of  the  opinionative- 
«ne8s  of  some  of  our  writersi  who  endeavour  all  they 
can  to  deprive  their  country  of  that  which  other 
nations  esteem  their  honour,  and  which  a  great 
many  upon  much  worse  grounds,  and  much  less 
satisfying  authorities,  use  their  utmost  efforts  in 
asserting,  by  extolling  the  antiquity  of  their  na^ 
tion,  and  surnames. 

The  principal  reason  of  some  people^s  decrying 
the  antiquity  of  the  last  is,  that  those  writers  will 
not  allow  private  evidences,  judged  by  them  the 
only  infallible  records,'  to  have  had  any  existence 
before  the  reign  of  king  David  I.  and  therefore 
what  is  recorded  of  any  surnames  is  not  to  be  re^ 
lied  on  before  that  time.  But  as  the  first  part  of 
that  supposition  is  not  so  infallible  as  these  would 
make  private  evidents,  so  no  more  is  the  last  part 
of  it,  it  being  well  known,  that  there  is  lately  found 
among  our  public  records  a  charter  by  king  Dun*- 
can  I.  grandfather  to  king  David,  as  also  a  charter 
by  Ethelred,  one  of  king  Malcolm  III.'s  sons,  of 
lands  called  Admor,  to  the  Culdees  of  St.  Andrews, 
granted  in  his  father's  time,  and  to  which  he  is 
witness.  And  as  these,  so  divers  others  of  equal, 
if  not  greater  antiquity,  might  be  found,  upon  due 
inquisition,  in  our  public  records,  and  some  pri- 
vate bands.  Yea,  Speed,  and  other  English  his- 
torians, mention  that  there  is  a  charter  in  the  pub- 
lic records  of  that  nation,  granted  by  king  Athel- 
9tan,  to  one  Paulan  a  Saxon  gentleman,  of  the 
lands  of  Rodham  in  Yorkshire,  with  divers  others 
^y  king  Edgar,  Ethelred,  and  other  Saxon  kings. 


long  before  the  reign  of  king  David.  So  that  if 
these  Saxon  kings  be  allowed  to  have  granted  char« 
ters  in  those  more  ancient  times,  who  received 
both  their  religion  and  letters  from  the  Scots,  I 
see  no  reason  of  denying  those  of  this  kingdom  the 
same  matter;  though  probably  a  great  many  of 
the  most  andent  have  been  cancelled,  and  others 
carried  into  foreign  parts  in  the  time  of  the  wars 
after  the  deAth  of  king  Alexander,  and  at  the  Re- 

And  though  there  were  no  other  record  than 
our  public  histories  concerning  divers  of  our  sur« 
names,  and  other  affairs,  if  no  credit  must  be  al- 
lowed to  any  thing  recorded  therein  before  the 
reigns  of  king  Malcolm  IIL  and  king  David  I. 
the  loss  would  be  found  much  greater  than  could 
readily  be  compensated  by  any  supposition  newly 
advanced,  however  spedous,  tending  to  the  sub- 
version of  a  history,  as  well  founded  in  all  circum- 
stances as  is  requisite  for  any  of  that  kind. 

To  this,  therefore,  I  shall  appeal  in  relation  to 
what  I  am  to  offer  in  further  prosecution  of  the 
above-mentioned  subject,  and  by  the  same  will  en- 
deavour to  illustrate  a  good  many  of  our  most  con- 
siderable surnames,  whose  progeny  ^of  the  same 
denomination  is  found  in  this  age  to  have  existed 
in  several  junctures,  and  different  reigns,  divers 
ages  before  the  time  prefixed  by  those  modern 

My  first  instance  is  of  the  surname  of  Mureat* 
Our  historians  relate  a  people  of  that  denomina- 
tion to  have  arrived  in  this  kingdom  in  the  reign 
of  king  Corbred  I.  and  for  possessions  to  have  got 


MuRiay  land,  retainii^  that  name  yet$  of  whidb 
tribe,  in  regard  of  their  armorial  bearing,  bdng 
MoUetSy  accounted  by  heralds  the  most  aacient, 
and  that  the  ancient  and  once  numerous  surname 
of  Sutherland  is  reputed  a  brandi  of  the  same^  the 
present  surname  of  Murray  may  without  the  least 
inoonsistracy  be  not  only  presumed,  but  even  ad^ 
mitted  to  be  originally  descended;  especially  see* 
ing,  in  the  reign  of  king  Donald  V*  anno  900, 
there  is  mention  of  a  controversy,  maintained  with 
much  slaughter,  betwixt  the  Murrays  and  Rosses, 
both  being  considerable  surnames  at  that  time, 
which  is  mcnre  than  two  centuries  before  the  time 
asagned  for  the  commencement  of  surnames.   And 
that  which  in  a  great  measure  confirms  my  allega* 
tion  in  relation  to  the  Murrays,  is,  that  among  the 
first  of  our  surnames  that  of  Murray  is  found  up- 
on record  by  private  evideuts,  and  is  thereby 
known  to  have  been  a  potent  and  numerous  name. 
For  further  instances  we  have  the  Grahams  in 
king  Fergus  II.'s  time,  anno  404.     Of  which,  with 
the  Dunbars,  there  is  again  mention  made  in  the 
reign  of  king  Indulfus.     Now,  as  was  before  ob- 
served of  the  surname  of  Murray,  the  surname  of 
Graham  within  so  small  a  tract  of  time  after  thia 
reign  being  found  upon  record  by  private  evidents, 
leaves  no  room  to  doubt  of  its  being  the  genuine 
offspring  of  those  already  mentioned.      In   the 
same  manner  also  the  Dunbars,  of  which  the  po- 
tent  name  of  Hume  is  a  branch,  may  be  asserted 
to  be  the  progeny  of  that  considerable  person  of 
that  name  mentioned  in  the  foresaid  reign,  not- 
withstanding of  some  late  writers  asserting  <me 


Gospatrick,  a  Saxon^  who  left  Northumberland, 
and  settled  in  the  Mers  about  the  reiga  of  king 
Malcolm  IV.  to  be  ancestor  of  the  Dunbars.  But 
the  contrary  plainly  appears  by  the  concurrent  tes* 
timony  of  divers  of  our  historians,  who  maintain 
that,  suiiiame^s  descent  from  one  properly  called 
Barr,  one  of  king  Kennedy  the  Greats  captains, 
who  in  the  wars  agiunst  the  Picts,  and  upon  the 
subversion  of  that  people,  obtained  an  estate  in 
the  Mers,  h&ng  a  part  of  the  Picts^  dominion,  and 
upon  the  acquisition  of  those  lands  named  the 
same  Dunbar,  which  in  the  ancient  language  im- 
ports the  fort  or  habitation  of  Ban*,  whence  his 
progeny  assumed  the  surname  of  Dunbar.  Nor 
does  it  infer  any  inconsistency,  that  the  principal 
person  of  that  name  had  besides  his  estate  in  the 
Mers,  the  estate  of  Bengelly  in  Northumberland, 
of  which  he  retained  possession  till  the  Scots  were 
dispossessed  of  that  whole  province,  by  the  unjust 
avarice  of  king  iienry  II.  of  England. 

The  third  and  most  clearly  documented  instance 
of  any  hitherto  advanced,  is  that  of  the  illustrious 
surname  of  Douglas,  in  king  Solvathius^  time,  in 
the  year  770.  Of  which  surname.  Sir  William 
Douglas  went  lieutenant  to  prince  William,  king 
Achaius'  brother,  in  the  army  sent  by  that  king 
to  the  service  of  Charles  the  Great,  first  emperor 
of  the  west,  and  king  of  France,  upon  the  conclu- 
don  of  the  league  betwixt  France  and  Scotland ; 
after  which,  the  said  Sir  William,  having  settled 
in  Tuscany,  was  ancestor  of  the  family  of  the 
Douglasni  there,  and  in  the  low  countries,  who 
have  always  retained  the  ancient  surname  and 


beniiii^oftfae  family  of  Douglas  hi  Scodaiid,  and 
also  a  close  corresrpondenoe  tdberewitli^  as  may  be 
aeai  by  the  exqutmte  hutory  of  tbat  Buraame  here, 
fB  also  l^  the  history  written  by  ITmbeito  de  Lo^- 
fato  c^  tho6e  odiers  abroad,  whiefa  could  not  htctt 
hetn  very  procticabiie  to  be  so  exactly  done^had 
aot  die  samame  of  Douglag  been  iso  deamninalftd 
in  the  re%n  in  irfiieh  that  tea^e  gentlettian)  a 
branch  tho'eof^  Icfft  this  kingdom*  The  piogem- 
ter  of  the  vumanM  of  Do«^ia  is  repotted  by  some 
aHfiquarieB  to  have  been  a  son  of  MaeDvff,  thane 
of  Fife,  who,  upon  his  so  mwch  signaUcing  bin*- 
self  in  the  battle  against  Donald  Bain,  obtained 
his  sunittaie,  not  from  hisblajek^gtwy  annouralonc^ 
as  is  oommonly  lasserted,  but  from  his  samame  of 
MacDufi;  or  thxf,  tei^ned  hi  Irish  Du,  or  Day» 
&om  irbeBce)  and  his  gray  anHoar^  he  iras  «p6b 
that  occasion  turned  Maeduiglas,  and  tbereafts: 
more  briefly  and  properly  Douglas. 

However  this  be,  there  am  not  other  instanosfi 
wanting  to  oonfim  what  has  been  advanced  on  the 
present  eubject ;  such  as  the  ancestor  of  the  sui^ 
iMune  of  Hay,  who  with  his  two  sons  by  their  va* 
lour  gttned  that  i^;nal  ^tmry  for  the  Scots  against 
the  Danes  at  the  battle  of  Luncarty,  in  die  reign 
of  king  Kenneth  III.  He  by  our  h»toriam  is  ex- 
pressly asserted  to  be  sunuuncd  Hay  at  that  oeoa- 

The  anoeatar  of  the  surname  of  Keith  is  also 
memoraMe  in  our  history  for  killmg  of  Camus  the 
Danidi  general  in  the  rcogn  of  king  Malcolm  II. 
We  have  also  an  account  of  Dunean  MaeDuff, 
who  was  thane  <tf  Fife,  in  the  rnga  of  MacBeadi, 


and  k  recorded  to  haoKe  l^eem-  a  penscHR.  of  greal 
power  and  authority,  and  chief  of  a  nttmerQUS  and 
potent  sumttsie,  ae  the  many  connderdllle  branches 
descended  of  that  fitmily  near  those  tasaies  clearly 
evince,  sueh  as  the  Weymesses,.  Macintoshes,  and 
Sbaws,  with  £vers  others.  The  first  oi  these  do- 
rive  tlieir  sumane  from  caves,  with  which  the  sea^ 
coasts  of  those  lands  first  accjuired  by  the  progeni- 
tor of  that  name  abounds ;  cares  being  termed  in 
Irish,  Uaimb,  whidi  can  be  no  other  way  rendered 
in  Engli^  than  Weymess.  The  surname  of  Hiune 
has  also  the  same  etymcdogy,  all  the  diflbrence  be-* 
ing  thi^  the  JET,  or  note  of  aquration,  is  more  plain-f 
ly  pronounced  in  the  last  of  these  surnames. 

These  above  adduced  being  not  only  of  a  date 
much  more  anoioAt  than  the  period  by  some  wri^ 
ters  assigned  fiw  the  commenoement  of  surnames 
iu  gen«^,  but  also  in  these  times  in  which  the 
said  are  found  upon  record  both  potent  and  qu-> 
merouB,  which  cannot  be  in  reason  thought  to  have 
been  ctfccled  in  an  instant,  or  even  a  small  traisl 
of  time ;  it  seems  theiefore  much  more  reasonable 
to  presume,  that  they^  with  some  others  long  ago 
extinct,  or  not  expressly  reccnrded^  and  others  here- 
after to  be  mentioned,  w^^e  the  genuine  progeny 
of  the  Phylarchss,  and  othera  anciently  planted  $(X 
aevoral  junctures  in  this  kingdom,  than  to  conclude 
them  and  all  our  other  surnames  in  a  manner  up* 
starts,  in  regard  each  of  them  cannot  (as  I  suppoae 
few  others  can)  produce  such  distinct  evidentscon? 
ceming  their  several  origins,  as  may  satisfy,  such 
as  reject  all  that  suits  not  their  particular  humours, 
however  incoqsistent  with  reason,  or  the  nature  of 


the  matter  canvassed,  the  same  may  sometimes 
fall  out  to  be. 

Next  falls  to  be  considered  that  assertion  of  lo- 
cal surnames  derived  from  the  lands  of  the  as- 
sumersy  to  have  commenced  in  the  reign  of  king 
Malcolm  III.  and  to  be  the  most  ancient  surnames, 
and  that  there  was  no  other  surname,  or  method 
of  distinguishing  persons,  in  use  before  that  time, 
but  what  was  assumed  either  from  bodily  proper- 
ties, applicable  to  particular  persons,  as  Roy,  or 
Baan,  from  the  red  or  flaxen  colour  of  a  person^s 
hair;  Balloch>  from  spots  on  the  face;  Bacab, 
from  a  halt  in  one^s  leg :  or  from  some  quality  of 
mind,  as  Coich,  mad  or  passionate,  and  such  like. 
It  id  also  asserted,  that  these  names  then  used  were 
sometimes  derived  from  a  petson^s  father^s  chris- 
tian name,  as  James  son  of  John,  with  others  of 
that  kind,  none  of  which  were  of  longer  duration 
than  the  person^s  own  time  so  denominated.  And 
so  there  was  room  left  for  new  surnames  each 
generation.  All  which,  if  true,  would  argue  us 
to  have  been  a  more  confused  and  rude  set  of  peo- 
ple, than  our  very  enemies  could  have  wished,  or 
ever  gave  us  out  to  be. 

As  to  local  surnames,  it  is  to  be  observed,  that 
the  greater  part  of  them  are  derived  from  proper 
significant  terms  in  the  English  language,  termin- 
ating mostly  in  toum^  or  some  other  term  in  that 
language ;  which  language  cannot  be  documented 
to  have  commenced  in  the  reign  of  king  Malcolm 
III.  even  in  England,  much  less  to  have  been 
either  spoken,  or  understood  in  Scotland,  over  all 
jehich  Irish  was  the  native  language  used  by  the 


infaabitants  then,  and  for  some  ages  thereafter,  it 
being  severely  enacted,  that  none  should  either 
use  or  learn  the  Saxon,  or  Teutonic,  which  was 
that  used  in  England,  lest  by  that  means  there 
should  be  any  correspondence  with  the  Saxons 
when  enemies.  Yea,  so  far  was  the  mixture  of 
Teutonic,  and  old  Cimbric,  or  Danish,  from  being 
either  perfect  or  pleasant,  that  William,  the  Nor- 
man Conqueror,  upon  his  conquest  of  England, 
endeavoured  all  he  could,  as  did  also  some  of  his 
successors,  to  suppress  or  abolish  that  language 
entirely,  and  bring  the  French  in  place  thereof, 
which  in  a  great  measure  was  effected.  So  that 
it  was  at  a  long  distance  after  his  time  ere  that 
compound  of  the  Bsid  three  languages,  and  the 
Latin,  termed  now  English,  \>as  introduced,  and 
longer  time  ere  the  same  was  brought  to  any  mea- 
sure of  perfection ;  so  that  it  is  somewhat  ridicu- 
lous to  assert,  that  surnames,  which  in  the  least 
can  lay  any  just  clmm  to  antiquity,  could  be  de- 
rived from  any  significant  terms  in  a  language 
scarcely  known,  and  far  less  used  in  this  kingdom 
before  the  reigns  of  king  Alexander  II.  and  III., 
who,  by  their  successive  marriages  with  the  daugh- 
ters of  the  kings  of  England,  their  frequent  com- 
merce and  correspondence  with  that  kingdom,  and 
the  resort  of  divers  English  to,  and  settlement  in 
this,  made  that  language,  though  even  in  those 
times  very  unpolite,  to  be  in  some  measure  used 

Nor  will  it  be  found  upon  record,  that  these  lo- 
cal  surnames  are   generally   of  a   more  ancient 
standing  than  the  reign  of  the  first  of  these  two 


kings ;  and  even  then  the  assumers  of  these  local 
surnames  had  other  surnames,  not  only  at  the 
time,  but  also  a  good  many  for  divers  ages  before 
the  assumption  of  the  local  ones ;  as  Houston^s 
ancestor  had  that  of  Padvinan  before  that  of  Hous- 
ton ;  Buchanan  that  of  MacAuselan  before  that 
of  Buchanan  ;  and  so  a  great  many  others.  How- 
ever, in  the  reigns  of  king  Alexander  III»  and 
king  Robert  I.  the  English  language  having  b^ 
come  pretty  much  in  use,  it  is  probable  those  Idngs^ 
as  did  some  of  their  successors,  encouraged  the 
assumers  of  new  surnames  from. their  Ii^ds,  in 
order  to  carry  off  some  dependants  and  cadeta 
f^m  the  too  numerous  and  potent  clans,  by  that 
means  diminishing  their  numbers,  and  weakening 
their  union,  so  formidable  often  to  the  kings  them* 
selves,  who  rationally  concluded,  that  few  were  so 
free  of  ambition,  and  careless  of  their  Qwn  interest, 
as  not  to  chuse  to  be  a  kind  of  chief  of  his  sept,  or 
at  least  expected  some  one  of  his  progeny  in  a 
little  time  would  be  so,  and  to  be  in  the  king^a 
favour  and  protection,  rather  than  be  subject  to 
the  imperious  commands  of  their  chieftains,  which 
often  tended  to  the  ruin  of  themselves  and  their 
dependants.  Moreover,  many  of  English  extract, 
who  upon  divers  accounts  settled  in  this  kingdom^ 
in  the  time  of  the  wars  betwixt  the  death  of  king 
Alexander  III.  and  the  be^ning  of  the  reign  of 
king  David  II.  judged  it  their  interest  to  change 
their  former,  and  asS^ume  new  surnames  from  their 
lands,  or  some  other  occasion ;  by  that  means,  in 
some ,  small  process  of  time,  to  bring  in  oblivion 
^heir  extract  and  nation,  both  so  justly  odious  at 

OV  AKtimrr  SOOTttSR  smiKAMKS*  15 

that  time  to  the  people  they  resided  among.  So 
that  as  the  most  probable  time  of  the  commence^ 
m^t  of  these  surnames  is  hereby  pointed  out,  so 
also  the  extract  of  them,  upon  a  due  disquisition^ 
will  be  found  to  be  English. 

For  further  iUustration  of  this  suligect,  it  is  un* 
animously  agreed  to  by  our  historians,  that  upon  the 
subversion  of  the  Picts,  being  more  than  two  hun<« 
dred  years  before  the  reign  of  king  Malcolm  III. 
a  great  part  of  the  land  possessed  by  the  said  peo- 
|de,  obtained  new  denominations,  from  the  proper 
names  of  those  brave  captains  to  whom  king  Ken- 
neth assigned  the  lands  in  recomp€»pce  of  thdr  ser*- 
vice  in  conquering  the  ancient  possessors  thereof; 
as,  for  instance,  that  peninsula  formerly  called  Ross, 
was  then  called  Fife,  from  the  proper  name  of  a 
nobleman  called  Fife,  whose  surname  was  Macduff, 
and  whose  progeny  continued  thanes  of  that  coun* 
try  for  divers  ages  thereafter*  As  was  at  the 
same  time  the  country  called  anciently  Horestia, 
termed  afterwards  Mems  and  Angus,  from  the 
proper  names  of  two  brethren  betwixt  whom  that 
country  was  divided. 

Nor  seems  the  other  supposition  concerning 
epithetical  surnames  to  be  much  better  founded, 
as  derived  from  some  properties  of  person^s  bodies, 
or  qualities  of  their  mind.  These  epithetical  de-* 
signations  must  be  owned  to  have  been  in  use  in 
some  preceding  ages,  and  even  in  the  present,  in 
all  places  where  the  Irish  language  is  used,  or  pre- 
vails; though  at  the  same  time  there  is  not  the 
least  reason  of  allowing  these  epithets  to  have  been 
ever  used  in  place  of  surnames,  or  that  persons  so 


designed  had  no  other  surnames  save  them}  which 
indeed  are  mostly  to  be  met  with  in  private  evi- 
dents,  the  clerks  of  which  being  mostly  churchmjen» 
were  so  stupid,  and  supinely,  n^ligent,  and  so 
very  careless  of  the  instruction  or  advantage  of  fu- 
ture ages,  as  for  the  most  part  to  neglect  aU  other 
des^ations  of  persons,  except  those  epithetical 
ones  so  much  used  then,  and  by  which  persons 
were  well  enough  known,  though  of  no  longer  du- 
ration than  their  own  time ;  which  seems  neither 
to  have  been  regarded  nor  considered  by  those  un- 
thinking derks,  more  than  their  frequent  omission 
of  inserting  dates  in  charters^  and  other  evid^nts 
written  by  them.  So  that  if  it  be  argued,  that 
surnames  did  not  commence,  or  tliat  persons  had 
none,  because  not  designed  by  them  in  most  of 
those  reputed  unerring  private  evidents,  it  may  as 
well  be  argued,  from  the  omission  of  inserting, 
dates  in  those  evidents,  that  no  certain  orstated 
epocha  of  time  commenced,  or  was  known,  at  the. 
time  of  writing  those  evidents  in  which  the  same 
is  omitted.  As  these  private  records,  or  evidents^ 
so  much  at  present  reUed  on,  are  most  frequently 
defective  in  respect  of  the  particulars  above-men- 
tioned, and  some  others,  so  neither  are  our  pub- 
lic histories  wholly  free  of  such  imperfections  in. 
relation  to  full  designations  of  persons;  as,  for  in- 
stance, that  Donald  Baan,  in  king  Solvathius". 
time,  by  most  of  our  historians  is  no  otherwise  de- 
signed, and  therefore  by  our  modern  writers  judged 
to  have  had  no  other  surname  than  the  epithet  of 
Baan  assigned,  upon  account  of  his  flaxen  hair  ; 
yet  archdean  Ballenden,  translator  of  Boetius^ 

OF  jLKcnBirr  Scottish  sitbhawks*  17 

history,  fully  and  tirnly  dengns  faitn  Donald  Baasi 
MacDonald,  governor  of  Jura*  He  seems  to  hate 
been  tutor  to  the  great  MacDonald,  while  minor, 
or  his  deputy  in  some  parts  of  his  vast  territories. 
Also  another  Donald  is  no  other  way  designed 
by  our  historians,  than  Donald  Ballodi,  or  spotted 
Doaald,  who  lived  in  the  reign  of  king  James  I* 
and  was  brother  to  Alexander,  lord  of  the  Isles, 
who,  with  his  clan,  are  very  well  known  to  be 
MacDonalds  for  a  great  many  ages  before  that 
time.  Malcolm  Beg,  who  succeeded  to  Gilbert, 
laird  of  Buchanan,  in  the  ofBce  of  senescall  or 
chamberlain  to  the  earl  of  licnnox,  in  the  latter 
part  of  the  reign  of  king  Alexander  III.  and  be- 
ginning of  king  Bdbert  I.  is  always  designed,  in 
all  charters  in  which  he  is  inserted,  granted  by 
that  earl,  Malcolm  Beg,  or  little ;  yet  he  is  found, 
by  very  authentic  documents  in  the  hands  of  the 
earl  of  Perth,  and  m  the  public  records,  to  have 
been  mmamed  Drummond,  and  one  of  the  eari^s 
ancestors.  The  same  Malcolm^s  father,  in  a  char^ 
ler  by  the  earl  of  Lennox,  in  the  reign  of  king 
Alexander  II.  is  designed  Gilchrist  Drummond. 

I  have  observed  charters  of  no  earlier  dates 
than  the  reigns  of  king  James  V.  and  queen  Mary, 
with  others  in  the  two  preceeding  reigns,  to  be 
the  most  carelessly  and  rudely  written,  most  con- 
fused and  unexact  in  designations  of  persons  in<* 
serted  therein,  and  in  divers  other  circumstances, 
of  any  of  the  kind  to  be  met  with  in  any  preceding 
age;  some  being  therein  designed  from  epithets 
applicable  to  their  fathers^  as  John  son  of  black 
William,  Thomas  son  of  long  or  tall  Donald,  and 


such  like.  Yea,  in  this  present  age  there  are  two 
gentlemen  of  Sir  Donald  MacDonald^s  fisunily, 
and  Eepach'sy  termed  Donald  Gorm,  or  blue 
Donald,  whose  progeny,  if  existing  an  age  or  two 
after  this  present,  would,  with  a  deal  of  reason^ 
judge  it  most  ridiculous  in  any  to  assert,  that  their 
ancestors  were  not  of  the  surname  of  MacDonald^ 
because  more  frequently  demgned,  at  least  termed^ 
by  the  qpithet  Grorm.  So  that  it  seems  consistent 
with  reason,  that  the  asserters  of  epithets  in  place 
of  surnames  refuse  the  exbtence  of  any  other  sur- 
names in  these  three  last  ages,  in  which  those  epi- 
thets are  most  frequent  in  evidents,  or  otherways 
allow  persons  to  have  had  other  surnames  together 
with  them  in  more  ancient  times. 

THAT  people  known  by  the  denomination  of 
Soots,  of  which  our  Scottish  nation  is  at  present 
composed,  may,  in  respect  of  the  ori^n  of  the  same, 
be  divided  into  four  di£ferent  distinct  classes,  or 
divisions.  The  first  of  these  classes  consbts  of 
these  surnames  whose  origin  is  purely  Scottish, 
being  the  genuine  progeny  of  the  ancient  .Scots, 
which  from  Ireland,  at  different  junctures  and  oo« 
casions,  arrived  and  settled  in  Scotland.  The  se- 
cond cl^ss  is  composed  of  such  as  came  from  south 
Britain,  or  England,  at  the  time  of  the  four  grand 
conquests  of  that  kingdom,  and  upon  some  other 
accounts,  and  settled  here.  The  third  class,  or 
division,  consists  of  such  French,  as  upon  ac- 
count of  the  mutual  amity  and  correspondenGe 


oommenced  by  the  league  betwixt  Scotland  and 
France,  in  Charles  tbe  Great  and  king  Achaius^ 
reigns,  and  continued  for  a  great  many  ages  there* 
after,  upon  which,  and  divers  other  accounts,  a 
great  number  of  French  settled  in  this  nation,  of 
whom  are  descended  a  great  number  of  very  con- 
aderable  families.      The  fourth  and  last  divirion, 
bdtng  the  least  of  the  four,  consists  mostly  of  such 
[Danes  and  Norvegians  as  were  naturalized  by  our 
Scottish  kings,  and  obtained  possessions  in  this 
kingdom  upon  divers  occasions,  being  upon  the 
accounts  permitted  to  continue  in  this  kingdom, 
after  their  countrymen  were  obliged  by  king  Alex* 
ander  III.  to  yield  or  quit  their  possession  of  the 
northern  isles  of  Scotland,  of  which  they  had  got 
a  grant  from  Donald  Baan  the  usurper,  for  their 
assistance  in  supporting  him  in  his  usurpation,  and 
by  virtue  of  that  grant,  retiuned  possession  for  two 
hundred  years,  till  obliged  to  abandon  those  isles 
by  king  Alexander,  about  the  year  1880.    How* 
ever,  divers  of  Danish  extract,  having,  by  alliance, 
and  other  means,  before  the  said  time,  obtained 
considerable  estates,  were  alfewed  to  continue  by 
the  benevolence  of  king  Alexander,  and  the  suc^ 
cessive  kings  of  Scotland.      So  that  these,  with 
some  few  others  in  ccmjunction  with  them,  of  dif- 
ferent extracts  from  the  three  classes  above-men-^ 
tioned,  make  up  the  fourth  class,  or  division,  of 
Scottish  surnames. 

The  first  example  by  which  I  shall  illustrate 
the  class  first  mentioned,  shall  be  the  surname  of 
Stxwabt,  bdng  not  only  of  an  extract  or  descent 
purely  Scottish,  but  also  the  only  Scottish  sur- 


name  whose  ancestor  was  an  immediate  nm,  or 
lineal  descendant,  of  the  race  of  our  ancient  Sooi» 
tish  kings*  The  time  and  maimer  of  whose  de« 
scent,  though  treated  of  by  divers  of  mudi  greater 
abilities  than  I  can  pretend  to,  nevertheless  agpreea-» 
ble  to  the  account  given  by  our  Seneriooea,  or 
Shanadiies,  but  espedally  according  to  that  deliver'* 
'  ed  by  a  certain  genealogical  account  of  that  illafr- 
trious  family,  composed  in  the  rieign  and  dedicated 
to  king  Charles  II.  by  an  unknown  author,  (which 
little  pamphlet  is  as  well  vouched,  if  not  better, 
than  any  thing  ever  I  could  discover  upon  that 
subject,)  I  shall  deliver  the  origin  of  that  family 
in  the  manner  following. 

Kenneth  the  Great,  king  of  tive  Scots,  subverter 
of  the  Picts,  had  three  sons,  Constantine  his  suc^ 
cessor,  Ethus,  and  Gareth.  This  lasTt  had  one  son, 
Dorus,  whom  Mr.  Aberctomby  makes  son  to 
Ethus  the  swift^  being  by  that  account  grandGhihl 
to  king  Kenneth,  as  well  as  by  the  other,  the  dif- 
ference bdng  concerning  hb  father.  Gareth,  fa* 
ther  to  Dorus,  was  first  thane  of  Lochaber.  Doire 
or  Dorus  had  two  sons ;  Kenneth,  by  some  errone- 
ously termed  Murdac,  and  Ferqubard,  father  to 
Donald,  who  murdered  king  Duff,  fer  which  he 
and  his  progeny  were  exterminated.  Kenneth 
had  two  sons ;  Murdac  his  successor,  and  Gareth 
thane  of  Athol.  Murdac  was  married  to  Dundi- 
na,  daughter  to  king  Kenneth  III.  by  wbom  be 
had  two  soas ;  Bancho  his  successor,  and  Alexan- 
der :  also  four  daughters ;  the  first  married  to  one 
of  the  ancestors  of  the  Douglas',  another  to  Donald, 
thane  of  Suthedand,  the  third  to  Angus,  ancestcw 


of  die  CameroDs,  and  the  fourth  to  Malcolm  Mac« 
Bory,  lord  of  Bute. 

Bancho,  with  three  of  his  sons^  and  his  brother- 
in-law,  Hugh  Douglas,  was  murdered  by  order  of 
the  tyrant  MacBeath,  his  fourth  son,  Fleance, 
having  escaped,  and  fled  to  Wales.  Bancho's  two 
daughters  were  married  to  MacDuff,  thane  of  Fife, 
and  Frederick,  ancestor  of  the  Urquharts.  Fleance, 
by  Maria  Mnesta,  daughter  to  Griffith  ap  Lewellin, 
prince  of  Wales,  had  Walter,  first  of  the  surname 
of  Stewart,  being  married  to  Christian^  daughter  to 
Allan,  lord  of  Bretaign,  in  France,  by  whom  he 
had  Allan  his  successor,  who  Imd  two  sons ;  Wal- 
ter his  successor,  foundc^r  of  the  abbey  of  Paisley, 
tmno  1160,  and  Simon,  ancestor  of  the  Boydst 
Walter^s  successor  was  Allan  the  second,  whose 
successor  was  Walter  the  third,  high  justiciary  of 
Scotland.  He  had  two  sons ;  Alexander  his  suc- 
cessor^  and  Robert,  lord  Torbolton^  who,  by  m^- 
riage  of  the  heiress  of  Sir  Robert  Croc,  obtained 
with  her  the  estates  of  Croukstoun  and  Darnly,  and 
was  ancestor  of  the  family  of  Darnly,  afterward  of 
Lennox ;  notwithstanding  that,  Mr.  Abercromby 
makes.  Allan,  son  of  John,  commonly  termed  of 
Bute,  ancestor  of  that  family.  Alexander  had  two 
sons ;  James  his  successor,  and  Walter,  who,  by 
marriage  of  the  heiress  of  Cummine,  earl  of  Mon- 
teith,  got  that  earldom,  and  thereupon  changed 
his  surname  to  Monteith.  He  had  two  sons ;  Mur- 
do  his  successor,  and  Sir  John  Monteith  of  Husky, 
ancestor  of  the  surname  of  Monteith,  and  who  be- 
trayed Sir  William  Wallace.  Murdo,  earl  of 
Monteith,  had  one  son,  Allan,  who,  by  marriage 


of  the  heiress  of  MacDuff>  edri  of  Fife^  obtained 
that  earldom,  who,  having  one  daughter^  conveyed 
those  estates,  hy  marriage^  to  Boblfrt  Stewart, 
second' son  to  king  Robert  II*  and  first  of  the  Stew** 
art&  xBoth  estates,  through  forfaulter  of  duke  Mur- 
do,  his  son,  fell  to  the  crown.  Alexander'^s  third 
son,  by  Jean  MacRory,  heiress  of  Bute,  was  John, 
killed  at  the  battle  of  Falkirk,  anno  1898. 

James,  High  Stewart,  had  one  son;  Walter, 
married  to  Marjory  Bruce,  daughter  to  king  Ro^ 
bert  I.  by  whom  he  had  one  son,  Robertj  named 
Bleareye :  his  mother,  when  big  with  child  of  bim* 
being  killed,  by  a  fall  from  her  horse,  at  that  place 
of  Renfi-ew-moor  called  Queen  Bleareye's  Cross, 
the  child,  by  a  doctor  there  present,  wad  cut  out 
of  her  belly,  and  ^e  instrument  with  which  the 
operation  was  performed  having  touched  his  eye^ 
the  same  continued  to  be  always  tender  thereafter, 
which  gave  him  the  epithet  of  Bleareye^  Upon 
the  death  of  his  uncle,  king  David  II.  without 
male  issue,  he  obtained  the  crown  of  Scotland,  by 
designation  of  king  Robert  II.  of  whose  successors 
I  refer  to  our  public  histories. 

The  second  principal  branch  of  that  great  familyi 
was  the  family  of  Lennox,  lineally  descended  from 
Robert,  lord  Torboltcm,  already  mentioned,  his 
son,  being  Allan,  first  lord  Darnly,  who  had  ti»o 
sons ;  John  his  successor,  and  Allan,  who  acquired 
the  lands  of  Faslane,  and  others,  in  the  Lennox. 
Allan,  of  Faslane^s  son  Walter,  by  marrii^of 
Marg^t,  heiress  of  Donald  Lennox,  earl  of  Len* 
nox,  obtained  that  earldom ;  whose  son,  Duncan^ 
earl  of  Lennox,  had  only  two  daughters ;  Isabel, 


the  eldest,  married  to  Murdo,  duke  of  Albany^ 
who,  with  his  father-in-law,  the  earl  of  Lennox* 
and  his  own  two  sons,  Walter,  and  Alexander, 
w€w,  by  order  of  king  James  I.  executed,  anno 
1424,  and  their  estates  forfaulted. 

John,  second  lord  Damly,  had  two-  sons ;  Allan 
his  successor,  and  Robert,  first  lord  of  Aubigny, 
in  France.  Allan,  lord  Darnly,  married  LiUas, 
second  daughter  to  the  last  mentioned  Duncan, 
earl  of  Lennox,  and,  by  her,  by  gift  of  her  father's 
forfaulter,  got  the  earldom  of  Lennox,  whose  issue 
enjoyed  the  same  till  the  reign  of  king  James  VL 
that  the  earldom  was  conferred  upon  Esme,  lord 
Aubigny,  whose  grandchild  died  without  issue,  in 
the  reign  of  king  Charles  IL  The  earldom  hav- 
ing devolved  upon  an  illegitimate  son  of  that  king, 
he  sold  the  same  lately,  reserving  only  the  title. 
Of  this  family  are  descended  the  earls  of  Traquair, 
and  Galloway,  with  a  great  many  others ;  the  earl 
of  Moray  being  descended  of  a  son  of  Murdo, 
duke  of  Albany,  and  the  earl  of  Bute  of  a  son  of 
king  Robert  III* 

Of  all  other  ancient  surnames  of  Scottish  de- 
scent, or  origin,  the  heroic  surname  of  Douglas 
justly  merits  to  be  mentioned  next  to  that  of  Stew- 
art ;  but  having  briefly  touched  that  surname  al- 
ready, and  there  being  a  particular  history  of  the 
same,  I  shall  insist  no  further  thereon,  than  to  de- 
clare, that  I  agree  with  the  sentiments  of  those  an- 
tiquaries who  assert  the  progenitor  of,  and  who 
first  assumed  the  surname  of  Douglas,  to  have 
been  a  son  of  MacDuff,  thane  of  Fife ;  for  which 


there  are  divers  arguments  used,  not  necessary  to 
be  in  this  place  enumerated. 

From  the  same  ancient  surname  of  MacDuff, 
as  already  hinted,  is  descended  the  surname  of 
Wymess,  the  ancestor  thereof  being  Eugenius, 
son  to  Constantine,  third  earl  of  Fife,  in  the  reign 
of  king  Alexander  I.  It  is  asserted,  the  Lesleys 
and  Abernethies  are  of  the  same  stem  with  Wymess; 
but  I  could  not  obtain  any  exact  account  of  the 
time  and  manner  of  the  descent  of  cither  of  these 
two  last  off  that  of  MacDuff. 

The  next  instance  is  of  the  surname  of  Camp- 
sell,  which  is  of  an  ancient  Scottish  origin,  how- 
ever otherwise  asserted  by  some  of  our  historians. 
I  shall  briefly  glance  at  the  genealogy,  and  some 
other  matters,  relating  to  this  surname,  conform 
to  two  accounts  of  the  same,  in  manuscript ;  the 
one  of  these,  composed  by  Mr.  Alexander  Colvil, 
from  evidents,  and  other  records,  of  the  family  of 
Argyll;    the  other  account,  by  Neil  MacEwen, 
who,  and  his  ancestors,  for  divers  ages,  have  been 
seheciones,   or  genealogists,  of  the  said  family. 
This  last  derives  the  ancient  surname  of  Oduibhne, 
now  Campbell,  from  Mervie  Moir,  or  Mervin  the 
Great,  son  to  the  famous  Arthur,  king  of  the  Bri- 
tons, and  of  Elizabeth,  daughter  to  the  king  of 
France,  which  behoved  to  have  been  Childebert, 
the  fifth  in  descent  from  Pharamond,  who  was  con- 
temporary with  king  Arthur. 

Mervin  is  reported  to  have  been  a  wild  untracta- 
^e  man,  and  upon  that  account  rejected  by  the 


Biittons,  though  neither  this  nor.  any  other  cir- 
cumstance relating  even  to  the  existence  of  such  a 
person  is  any  way  consistent  with  probability ;  for 
though  there  be  no  great  reason  of  so  doing,  yet 
there  are  a  great  many  who  doubt  of  the  existence 
of  king  Arthur  himself,  in  regard  some  of  his 
countrymen,   in  their    writings,    have   so  much 
blended  the  account  of  his  life  and  actions  with  so 
many  ridiculous  and  monstrous  fables,   as  have 
very  much  prejudged  the  credit  due  to  his  exis- 
tence and  heroic  atchievements.     This  brave  king 
is  recorded  to  have  begun  his  reign  in  the  year 
518,  and  in  a  reign  of  twenty-four  years  to  have 
guned   twelve   victories,   with   the  assistance  of 
Goranus,  king  of  the  Scots,  and  Lothus,  king  of 
the  Ficts,  over  the  Saxons,  till  in  the  end  he  ex- 
pelled most   part  of  them,  and  obliged  such  as 
stayed  in  his  kingdom  to  be  in  subjection  to  him. 
But  much  prosperity  having  rendered  him  and 
'  his  subjects  too  insolent^  they  endeavoured  to  de- 
fraud Mordred,  king  of  the  Picts,  of  the  British 
crown,  which,  through  defect  of  Arthur's  issue, 
justly  belonged  to  him,  which  was  the  occasion  of 
a  bloody  battle  betwixt  them,  in  which  both  these 
kings  lost  their  lives,  and  so  shattered  the  state  of 
the  Brittons,  that  it  could  never  be  retrieved  there* 
after,  till  in  the  end  ruined  by  the  Saxons.     King 
Arthur  -was  not  only  very  much  esteemed  by  the 
Brittons,  but  also  by  most  others,  being  accounted 
one  of  the  world's  nine  worthies,  of  which  three  were 
Jews,  Joshua,  David,  and  Judas  Macabeus ;  three 
Christians,  Arthur  of  the  Brittons,  Cbarlemaign 
of  France,  and  Godfrey  of  BuUoign ;  three  Pa- 


t  ♦ 

g;ns,  Alexander  the  Great,  Julius  Cassar,  and 
ector  of  Troy.  But  as  for  Mervin,  this  pre- 
tended son  of  king  Arthur,  there  is  ho  probable 
ground  for  the  existence  of  any  such  person,  it  be- 
ing plainly  recorded,  by  all  such  histories  as  make 
mention  of  this  king,  that  he  never  had  any  issue, 
nor  was  ever  married  to  any  but  his  queen  Gwyva- 
xior,  who  survived  bimself :  nor  would  the  British 
and  French  histories  have  wholly  omitted  a  matter 
of  that  importance,  were  there  the  least  ground 
for  the  same ;  neither  would  the  Brittons,  however 
wild  or  foolish  he  might  be,  have  past  by  that 
king's  son,  whom  they  so  much  valued,  and  confer 
their  crown  upon  one  Constantine,  a  nobleman, 
who  had  ho  manner  of  pretence  thereto ;  much  less 
would  Modred,  the  Pictish  king,  being  only  king 
Arthur''s  cousin-german,  contend  for  a  crown, 
which,  by  so  plain  a  right,  pertafueS  to  another. 
So  that,  although  by  this  account  the  surname  of 
Oduibbne  is  said  to  have  got  that  denomination 
from  the  marriage  of  Ferithar  Olla,  the  fourth  in 
descent  from  Mervin,  with  ^a  daughter  of  Diar- 
muid  Oduibbne,  a  principal  nobleman  of  Ireland, 
and  to  have  not  only  obtained  from  this  Diarmuid 
the  denomination  of  Oduibbne,  but  also  that  of 
Siol  Diarmuid,  by  which  that  surname  is  in  Irish 
frequently  designed  j  yet  this  supposition  is  wholly 
groundless,  there  being  no  instance  of  any  ancient 
Scottish  or  Irish  surnames  obtaining  their  ancient 
or  principal  denomination  by  any  such  means. 
Some  of  the  progenitors  of  this  surname  are  by 
the  said  account  reported  to  have  been  married  to 
grandchildren  of  Con  Centimachus,  and  Neil  the 


Great,  two  of  the  most  famous  kings  that  ever 
reigned  in  Ireland ;  so  that^  if  they  were  used 
to  take  denominations  from  such  families  as  they 
married  into,  the  same  would  much  rather  be  as- 
sumed from  names  of  one  of  those  kings,  than  from 
that  of  any  nobleman  their  sul^ect 

But  pasdng  this  topic,  I  come  to  the  account 
most  consistent  with  probability,  in  relation  to  the 
orij^n  of  that  surname.  The  ancestor  of  the 
same  was  Diarmuid  Oduibhne,  who,  as  one  of  the 
prindpal  Phylarch»,  or  captiuns,  came  from  Ire- 
land with  9pme^  of  the  ^cots,  who  either  in  king 
Fergus^  time,  or  in  that  of  one  of  the  two  colonies, 
whidi  at  different  junctures  came  from  that  king- 
dom, and  settled  in  Argyll  and  the  isles  adjiMsent. 
For  though  the  generality  of  our  historians,  more 
especially  genealogists,  rather  to  please  the  taste 
of  those  of  the  modem  times,  than  in  any  great 
measure  to  promote  the  truth,  or  at  least  proba^ 
bility,  use  their  utmost  efforts  to  assign  some  plau- 
sible manner,  and  stated  pieriod,  concerning  the 
ori^n  of  ancient  surnames ;  yet  all  amounts  to 
no  more  than  probable  conjecture,  supported  only 
by  probable  and  solid  tradition,  of  which  that 
most  insistent  with  sound  reason,  and  probability, 
ought  most  to  obtain :  so  that,  in  the  accounts  of 
the  ori^n  of  this,  or  any  other  of  our  ancient 
Scottish  surnames,  there  is  as  little  absurdity  In 
presuming  the  same  to  be  the  offspring  of  those 
who  first  settled  here^  as,  by  a  specious  kind  of 
story  to  assert  them,  descended  at  such  a  time» 
and  JTrooi  such  a  person,  some  eight  or  nine  huii- 
dred,  or  a  thousand  years  ago,  there  being  as  fei^ 


iprritten  documents  to  confirm  the  last,  as  the  first 
of  these  accounts..  Nor  is  it  in  reason  to  be  suppo- 
sed, as  I  have  hinted  already,  that  the  whole  pro- 
geny  of  those  Scots,  who  are  recorded  to  have  set- 
tled before^  at,  and  in  some  process  of  time  after  the 
coming  of  King  Fergus  I.  here,  to  be  so  totally 
mouldered  away,  and  extinct,  as  that  few  or  none 
of  these  surnames  now  in  being,  and  of  an  ancient 
Scottish  extract,  can  be  pretended  to  be  their  genu- 
ine .  progeny,  but  that  each  surname  must  be  put 
to  the  shift  of  framing  a  later  origin  for  themselves^ 
which,  when  affected,  is  not  a  whit  better  founded9 
nor  more  satisfactory  to  people  of  understanding, 
than  the  former  method ;  to  which,  lest  I  appear 
too  closely  to  adhere,  I  shall  relate  the  account 
most  agreed  to,  conform  to  the  more  modem  me-> 
thod  of  genealogizing,  in  relation  to  the  origin  of 
the  above-mentioned  surname. 

Thus,  in  place  of  Mervie,  or,  as  others  call  him» 
Smervie  Moir,  supposed  son ,  of  king  Arthur, 
these  other  genealogists,  with  a  greater  show  of  pro- 
bability,  mention  Diarmuid  Oduibh  ne,  a  very  famous 
Irish  nobleman,  and  much  celebrated  for  valour  and 
other  heroic  atchievements  by  the  Irish  historians, 
who,  having  come  to  Scotland  in  the  beginning  of 
the  reign  of  king  Goranus,  or  Coranus,  about  the 
year  512,  married  a  daughter  of  the  said  king, 
of  whom  he  begot  Ferithar  Uor,  or  Ferithar  the 
dun.  From  this  Diarmuid,  according  to  the 
above  antiquaries,  the  surname  obtained  the  two 
designations  of  Oduibhne,  and  Siol  Diarmuid, 
who  flourished  in,  or  some  little  time  after  that  of 
king  Arthur,  which  gave  rise  to  the  story  of  hia 

OJt  AllClMKt  ftCOTttSH  81TEKAM98.  8j^ 

beiag  son  to  that  king,  as  also  of  divers  of  bis 
posterity  being  called  Arthurs,  whence  no  infer- 
ence can  be  deduced  of  their  descent  from  king 
Arthur,  that  christian  name  being  used  among 
the  Irish  long  before  king  Arthur^s  time :  as,  for 
instance,  Cormac  MacArtur,  son  of  Arthur,  to- 
named  Ulfada,  or  long  beard,  king  of  Ireland,  a 
great  many  years  before  the  time  of  Arthur,  king 
of  the  3ritton8 :  as  also  a  great  many  others,  of 
account,  in  Ireland,  in  very  ancient  times.  This 
Diarmuid  seems  either  to  have  been  of  the  same 
origin  with  the  sept  of  Scottish  Oduibhnes,  and 
therefore  to  have  been  by  them,  at  the  juncture*  • 
assumed  for  Phylarcha,  or  chieftain ;  or,  which  is 
more  probable,  to  be  lineally  descended  from  the 
first  Diarmuid,  and  upon  account  of  the  grandeur 
by  marriage, of  the  Scottish  king^s  daughter,  and 
other  achievements,  to  have  been  acicounted  the 
progenitor  of  that  surname,  and  from  whom  the 
same  was  first  so  denominated. 

Ferithar  Uor  was  married  to  a  great  grand* 
child  of  Neill  the  Great,  to^named  Naoighealla,  or 
nine  hostages,  whom  he  is  recorded  to  have  had  in 
his  custody,  at  one  time,  from  several  Spanish  and 
!Qritish  princes,  with  whom  he  had  been  at  vari- 
ance, being  thence  termed  keeper  of  nine  hostages^ 
and  one  of  the  most  famous  of  the  Irish  kings* 
Ferithar  Uor''s  successor  was  Duibhne,  or  Duina^ 
an  ordinary  christian  name  in  those  times.  Duina^s 
successor  was  called  Arthur,  whose  mother  was 
Murdac,  thane  of  Murray^s  daughter.  There  is 
Qd  account  of  the  family  this  Arthur  married  into: 
however*  his  successor,  called  Ferithar  011a*  or 


the  physician,  is  reported  to  have  been  married  to 
one  Diarmuid  Oduibhne^s  daughter,  which  is  a 
grand  mistake,  as  already'  observed.  Ferithar 
01Ia'*s  successor  was  Duibhne  Faltdearge,  or  Duina 
red  hair ;  he  is  said  to  have  been  married  to  a 
grandchild  of  Neil  the  Great,  which  is  no  less  an 
error  than  that  above-mentioned>  as  appears  from 
the  vast  distance  of  time  betwixt  these  two.  His 
successor  was  Ferithar  Fionruadh,  or  whitish-red. 
His  successor  was  Duina  Dearg,  or  red,  his  son 
being  Duibhne  Doun,  or  Duina  the  brown,  from 
the  colour  of  his  hair.  His  successor  was  Diar- 
muid MacDuine,  or  son  of  Duina. 

This  Diarmuid  MacDuina  had  two  sons ;  Ar- 
thur with  the  red  armour,  either  from  artificial 
colour,  or  frequent  colouring  thereof  with  blood. 
The  second  son  was  Duina  white  tooth.  The 
eldest  of  these,  called  Art  Armdheafg,  or  Arthur 
red  armour,  had  three  sons ;  Sir  Paul  Oduine,  or 
MacDuine,  knight  of  Lochow,  of  which  estate  all 
his  progenitors  already  mentioned  were  proprietors. 
This  Sir  Paul  was  termed  Paul  Ansporrain,  or 
Paul  with  the  purse,  being  treasurer  to  king  Mal- 
colm III.  as  is  commonly  alledged.  His  two 
brethren  were  Arthur  Dreinuch,  of  whom  de- 
scended Macarture,  of  Inchdreiny,  and  others  of 
that  name,  upon  Lochow  side.  The  other  brother 
was  called  also  Arthur,  of  whom  descended  the  fa- 
mily of  Darnly,  in  Lennox,  lately  extinct.  Of 
the  first  of  these  two  Arthurs  descended  also  the 
family  of  Strachur,  which,  though  recorded  to  be 
descended  gf  one  of  the  knights  of  Lochow,  some 
generations  after  the  assumption  of  the  surname 


of  Campbell^  yet  it  is  not  so  probable  as  the  above 
descent^  in  regard  of  the  lojig  continued  preten- 
sion of  the  family  of  Strachur  to  more  antiquity 
than  that  of  Argyll,  which  could  be  founded 
upon  no  other  ground  than  that  above  related. 

Diarmuid  MacDuibhne^s  second  son,  Duina 
white  tooth,  had  one  son,  called  Gillecollum,  or 
Malcolm  Oduibhne,  who  first  married  the  lord 
of  Carrick's  daughter,  by  whom  he  had  three  sons. 
The  eldest  of  these,  Gilmorrie,  was  ancestor  of 
the  MacNeachts  of  Lochaber^  and  other  parts  of 
Argyllshire.  The  second  son  was  Corcarua^  an- 
cestor of  the  MacUilins,  or  rather  MacAilins,  in 
Ireland.  The  third  son,  Duncan  Drumanach,  in 
regard  he  resided  beyond  Drumalbin,  was  con- 
form to  this  genealogy,  ancestor  of  the  Drum- 
monds.  But  that  surname  refuse  this,  and  as- 
sert  their  ancestor  to  have  come  to  Scotland  with 
queen  Margaret,  queen  to  king  Malcolm  III.  and 
while  the  ship,  in  which  the  queen  was,  happened 
to  be  in  very  much  danger  by  a  storm,  that  thiB 
dexterity  of  that  gentleman,  in  piloting  the  same^ 
was  a  great  means  of  the  preservation  of  the  ship 
and  passengers,  whence  he  obtaided  the  surname 
of  Drummond,  importing  the  top  of  the  waves, 
as  is  very  much  illustrated  by  the  armorial  bearing 
of  that  surname,  being  three  barrs  waved,  or 

Malcolm  Oduin,  after  his  first  lady's  death, 
went  to  France,  atid  married  the  heiress  of  the 
Beauchamps,  or,  as  in  Latin,  Campus  Bellusy  being 
niece  to  the  duke  of  Normandy.  By  her  he  had 
two  sons,  Dionysias  and  Archibald,  who,  from  the 

9f  OMJmAUmr  4K|»  TBSKK^r  PTAty 

inheritance  got  with  their  mother^  chapged  their 
surname  from  Oduin  to  Campbell.  Dionysius, 
the  eldest,  continued  in  France,  and  was  ancestor 
of  a  family,  designed  Campbell,  in  that  kingdom^ 
of  which  family  was  count  Tallard,  a  Mareschal 
of  France,  carried  prisoner  to  England  in  the 
reign  of  queen  Anne,  and  divers  others  of  quality* 
The  second  brother  came  to  Scotland,  as  some  say, 
an  officer  in  William  duke  of  Normandy^s  army, 
at  his  conquest  of  England,  anno  1066.  And 
laming  to  Argyllshire,  married  his  cousin  Eva 
Qduin,  only  daugKter  to  Sir  Paul  Oduibhne,  or 
Paul  Ansporrain.  She  being  heiress  of  Lochow, 
and  he  having  retained  this  surname  of  Campbelli 
as  did  his  successors,  the  whole  clan  of  Oduibhne, 
in  a  small  tract  of  time,  in  compliance  with  their 
chief,  assumed  thiit  surname,  as  did  many  others 
in  Uiis  king4om  upon  the  like  occasion* 

This  Archibald^  who  first  assumed  the  surname 
.  of  Campbell,  his  successor  was  called  Duncan, 
who,  by  marriage  of  one  called  Dorothy  MacFia* 
cbir,  heiress  of  the  upper  part  of  the  barony  q£ 
Loi^hQWy  united  these  two  estates*  He  was  sue* 
ceeded  by  Colin  the  Bald,  who  married  a  niece  of 
king  Alexander  I. :  or,  as  others,  with  no  less 
prob^ility,  assert,  of  king  Alexander  II.  This 
Colin  was  instituted  master  of  the  househqld  to 
the  king,  and  the  king^s  lieutenant  in  the  shire  of 
Argyll,  and  west  isles*  Colin's  eldest  son  was 
Archibald.  He  had  a  second  son,  Hugh,  ance&- 
tpr  pf  the  old  house  of  Loudon,  in  the  shire  of 
ivjr,  they  having  got  that  estate  by  Crawford, 
h^ess  the^reof,  as  did  ^her  ancestor  acquire  the 


same  by  marriage  of  the  only  daughter  of  Sir 
James  Loudon,  heiress  of  that  estate.  The  race 
of  the  old  Campbells  of  Loudon  terminating  also 
in  an  heiress,  in  the  reign  of  king  Charles  I. 
Campbell  of  Lawers,  descended  of  a  son  of  Glenor- 
chy,  by  marriage  of  the  said  heiress,  obtained  that 
estate,  being  afterwards  chancellor  of  Scotland, 
and  grandfather  to  Hugh,  the  present  earl.  Colin 
the  Bald  had  also  two  illegitimate  sons;  the 
eldest,  Taus  Corr,  or  Thomas  the  singular,  he 
was  ancestor  of  the  MacTauses,  or  Thomsons,  of 
Argyllshire,  and  some  other  parts.  The  name  of 
the  other  illegitimate  son  was  Iver,  of  whom  the 
Maclvers  of  Glasrie,  and  other  parts. 

Colin  the  Bald  was  succeeded  by  his  son  Archi- 
bald, who  had  two  sons ;  Duncan  his  successor, 
and  Dugald,  ancestor  of  the  old  family  of  Cnug« 
iiish*  Archibald  was  succeeded  by  his  son  Dun- 
can, whose  successor  was  Dugal.  His  successor 
was  Archibald,  who  married  the  lord  of  Carrick's 
daughter,  by  whom  he  had  Colin  Moir,  or  the^ 
great,  being  so  both  in  body  and  spirit  He 
married  a  daughter  of  one  Sir  John  Sinclair,  by 
whom  he  had  his  successor  Sir  Neil.  This  Colia 
Moir  was  killed  by  his  neighbour,  John  MacDou- 
gal,  lord  of  Lorn,  at  a  place  called  the  Strein, 
being  a  ridge  of  mountains  betwixt  Lorn  and 
Lochow.  It  is  thought  the  family  of  Argyll  de- 
rived the  designation  of  MacCuillain  Moir  from 
this  Colin ;  but  I  am  more  apt  to  believe  that  de- 
signation was  derived  from  Colin,  first  earl  of  Ar- 
gyll, and  chancellor  of  Scotland  in  the  reign  of 
king  James  II.     Sir  Neill  was  married  to  lady 


Marjory  Bruce,  sister  to  king  Robert,  which  was 
the  occasion  of  the  close  adherence  of  Sir  Neill, 
and  his  son,  Sir  Colin,  to  the  interest  of  that 
prince,  and  performing  many  signal  services  to 
him  and  king  David  II.  his  son.  Sir  Neill  had  i| 
flpn,  called  Dugald,  or  rather  Duncan,  ancestor 
of  MacDonachj,  now  Campbell,  of  Inverraw,  and 
Other  gentlemen  of  that  name,  the  said  Diincan^s 
mother  being  a  daughter  of  Sir  John  Caoieron, 
]40cbiel's  ancestor,  mid  second  lady  to  Sir  N[eil, 
He  had  another  son ;  Sir  John  of  Moulin,  after- 
ward earl  of  Atbole.  The  further  account  of  this 
«umame  is  set  forth  at  large  in  Mr.  Crawford^^ 
Peerage,  to  which  I  refer  the  reader. 

There  is  also,  of  ancient  Scottish  descent,  the 
mimame  of  Ooilvie,  descended  of  Bredus,  a  bro- 
ther, or  rather  son,  to  the  famous  Gilchrist,  earl 
of  Angus,  who  flourished  in  the  reign  of  king; 
William,  of  Scotland,  and  was  married  tp  tha)i 
tfing^s  sister. 

The  surname  of  Ksnnedt  is  in  like  maQu^r  of 
peat  antiquity  in  this  kingdom,  beii^  originally 
descended  of  that  once  potent  surname  of  the  Majc^ 
Kennedys  of  Ireland,  of  which  aumame  was  th^^t 
brave  king,  Brian  Kennedy,  to^^named  Boraimh, 
QX  Taxer,  being  contemporary  with  our  king  Mal- 
colm II. 

Thus  having  adduced  a  suffident  number  of 
instances  for  the  illustr^on  of  surnames  of  an  an- 
wn%  Scottish  descent,  being  the  first  class  of  Scot- 


tish  surnames,  I  shall  next  proceed  to  give  instan- 
ces of  these  whose  descent  is  from  England,  being 
tbe  second  class  of  those  surnames,  now  reputed 
Scottish  ones. 

The  £rst  instance  I  shall  adduce  of  the  same,  is 
the   surname  of  Gbaham,   which,  according  to 
Buchanan,  and  some  others  of  our  historians  and 
antiquaries,  is  descended  from  one  Fulgentius,  a 
nobleman,   lineally   descended  from  the  ancient 
kings  of  the  Brittons,  who,  in  the  beginning  of  the 
third  century  of  the  christian  epocha,  with  an  army 
of  his  countrymen,  attempting  to  free  themselves 
and  country  from  the  Roman  servitude,  their  just 
endeavours  were  nevertheless  frustrated  by  the  su- 
perior power  of  their  adversaries,  in  which  exigen- 
cy Fulgentius,  and  divers  of  his  associates,  were 
obliged  to  flee  for  refuge  to  Donald,  first  of  that 
name,  king  of  the  Scots,  then  at  war  with  the  Ro- 
mans, who  not  only  gave  a  very  kind  reception  to 
these  strangers,  but  bestowed  estates  upon  Ful- 
gentius, and  some  other  principal  men  of  them» 
whose  posterity  remained  always  thereafter  i^  Scot- 
land.     The  principal  person  of  Fulgentius'  pro- 
geny, having,  afler  the  fatal  battle  of  Dun,  in 
which  Eugenius,  king  of  the  Scots,  with  the  greatest 
part  of  his  nobility,  and  others  of  any  account 
of  the  Scottish  nation,  were  killed  by  Maximus 
the  Jloman  legate,  in  conjunction  with  the  perfi- 
dious Picts,  gone  with  divers  other  Scots  into  Den- 
mark, he  continued  there  till  the  restoration  of 
king  Fergus  II.  anno  404,  or,  as  Boece,  433. 

That  person  of  Fulgentius^  race  who  went  to 


Denmark,  whose  proper  name  was  Graeme,  mar- 
ried in  Denmark,  and  his  daughter  was  married  to 
king  Fergus  II.  though  others  relate  that  Grseme^s 
daughter  was  mother  to  king  Fergus,  being  mar- 
ried to  Erthus  his  father,  which  carries  little  pro- 
bability, in  regard  Graeme  was  not  only  a  princi- 
pal assistant  to  king  Fergus  in  his  own  lifetime, 
but  was  after  his  death  elected  governor,  or  regent 
of  the  kingdom,  during  the  minority  of  his  son 
Eugenius,  and  having  in  that  time  broke  over  the 
wall  of  Abercorn,  greatly  harrassed  the  dominions 
of  the  Brittons;    so  that,  from  that  adventure, 
that  wall  is  said  to  have  obtained  the  denomina- 
tion, retained  as  yet,  of  Graham's  dyke,  which  de- 
nomination others  assert  to  be  taken  from  the  em- 
peror Severus,  who  repaired  that  wall,  which  was 
first  begun  by  Julius  Agricola  in  the  reign  of  the 
emperor  Domitian.     The  reason  given  for  the  last, 
is,  that  Severus  being  born  in  Africa,  was  of  a  very 
black  and  swarthy  complexion,  and  that  thence 
the  dyke  was  termed  Grim's  dyke;  grim,  in  Irish, 
signifying  black,  or  swarthy,  whence  the  Scottish 
word  grim  is  derived.     However  this  be,  the  first 
seems  the  most  probable ;    nor  can  these  great  at- 
chievements,  in  Eugenius'  minority,  be  imputed 
to  Graeme,  by  reason  of  his  too  great  age,  whereas, 
the  translator  of  Boetius  calls   Fergus'  mother 
Rocha,  daughter  to  a  nobleman  of  Denmark,  called 
Roricius,  or  rather  Rodericus.     And  that  which 
very  much  evinces  Graeme's  origin,  as  above  as- 
serted, is,  that  his  grandchild  Eugenius,  upon  as- 
sumption of  the  government,  (as  our  historians 


relate})  gave,  for  pretence  of  the  war  commenced 
by  him  against  the  Brittons,  the  restitution  of  his 
grandfather  Graham's  lands. 

Our  history  gives  no  account  of  the  posterity 
of  this  Graeme  for  some  ages.  The  first  to  be 
met  with  of  them  is  that  Graham  who,  with  Dun- 
bar and  the  forces  of  Lothian,  appeared  in  the 
rear  of  the  Danes,  when  in  battle  with  king  In-, 
dulph  and  his  army,  which  was  the  occasion  of 
the  defeat  of  the  first.  The  next  was  Constantine, 
married  to  Avila,  daughter  to  Kenneth,  one  of 
the  ancestors  of  the  Stewarts,  in  the  year  1030. 
And  in  the  year  1125,  William  de  Graham  is 
witness  to  the  foundation  charter  of  Holyroodhouse, 
in  the  reign  of  king  David  I.  The  said  William^s 
son,  Sir  David,  got  charters  of  Charletoun,  and 
other  lands  in  Forfarshire,  in  the  reign  of  king 
William  of  Scotland  ;  as  did  his  son,  another  Sir 
David,  from  Malduin,  earl  of  Lennox,  of  the  lands 
of  Strablane,  and  from  Patrick  Dunbar,  earl  of 
Dunbar,  or  March,  of  the  lands  of  Dundafi^  and 
Strathcarron»  in  the  reign  of  king  Alexander  II. ; 
as  did  his  successor,  also  David,  the  lands  of  Kin- 
cardine, from  Malise  Foreteth,  earl  of  Strathem, 
in  the  reign  of  king  Alexander  III.  Before  all 
which  lands,  mentioned  in  the  above  charters, 
that  surname  seems  to  have  been  in  possession  of 
Abercorn,  Eliestoun,  and  other  lands  in  Lothian. 
And  though  one  Muir  is  reported  to  have  had 
Abercorn  in  the  reign  of  king  Alexander  III.  yet 
in  all  probability  he  has  had  but  some  part  thereof, 
acquired  frimi  the  Grahams,  which;  after  having 


continued  some  little  time  with  Muir,  returned  ta 
the  Grahams  again,  and  went  from  them  with 
Margaret,  heiress  thereof,  to  James,  brother  to 
the  earl  of  Douglas,  in  the  reign  of  icing  James  I. 

There  were  two  principal  families  of  this  name 
in  the  reign  of  king  Alexander  III.  the  one  being 
of  Abercom.  Both  these  are  mentioned  among 
the  Magnates  Scotm^  in  cognition  of  the  debate 
betwixt  Bruce,  and  Baliol  anent  the  Scottbh  king^ 
dom,  as  also  inserted  in  that  famous  letter,  written 
by  king  Robert  I.  to  the  pope,  in  the  year  1320. 
These  two  thereafter  were  united,  when  Patrick 
Graham,  of  Eliestoun  and  Kilbride,  second  son  to 
Sir  Patrick  Graham,  of  Kincardine,  in  the  reign 
of  king  Robert  III.  married  the  only  daughter 
and  heiress  of  David,  earl  of  Strathern,  and  by 
her  obtained  that  earldom,  whose  son  Malise  was 
deprived  of  the  same,  by  king  James  I*  in  regard 
that  estate  was  entailed  to  heirs  male ;  but  he  gave 
Malise,  in  lieu  of  Strathern,  the  earldom  of  Mon- 
teith,  anno  1428,  whose  posterity  continued  for 
nine  generations  earls  thereof.  William,  the  ninth 
earl,  having  no  issue,  disponed  his  estate  to  the 
marquis  of  Montrose,  and  died,  anno  1694. 

The  firdt  cadet  of  this  family  was  Sir  John 
Graham,  of  Kilbride,  Gartmore^s  ancestor.  And 
the  last  cadet,  of  any  repute,  was  Walter,  ancestor 
to  Graham  of  Gartur. 

The  next  in  antiquity,  of  surnames  thus  de- 
scended, and  who  were  obliged  to  leave  their  na- 
tive country  by  the  Romans,  are  by  some  antiqua- 


lies  raported  to  be  the  Ssatovs,  though  there  be 
little  to  be  found  in  any  of  our  private  records 
oonoeming  that  surname  till  the  reign  of  king 
David  I.  when  Alexander  de  Seaton  is  mentioned, 
as  also  his  son  Philip,  in  a  charter  of  those  lands, 
which  for  the  -uiost  part  that  family  enjoyed,  till 
of  late,  in  the  reign  of  king  William.  The  famous 
and'  loyal  Sir  Christopher  Seaton,  who  was  mar- 
ried to  Christian  Bruce,  sister  to  king  Robert  I. 
is  very  much  celebrated  in  the  account  of  the  wars 
managed  after  the  death  of  king  Alexander  IIL 
and  no  less  so  is  that  heroic  action  of  his  son.  Sir 
Alexander,  in  keeping  of  the  town  of  Berwick, 
though  at  the  expence  of  the  lives  of  his  two  sons, 
both  executed  by  the  orders  of  that  rigorous  prince, 
king  Edward  III. 

Those  surnames  which  were  obliged  to  aban- 
don England,  through  the  tyranny  and  oppression 
of  the  Normans,  upon  the  conquest  of  England, 
are  so  very  numerous,  that  I  can  only  mention 
some  few  instances  of  the  same. 

As  first,  the  Lxvingstoks,  derived  from  Le^ 
vingus,  a  proper  name  frequent  among  the  Saxons: 
as  was  also  Alphingus,  or,  as  it  is  ordinarily  ex- 
pressed, Elphingus,  ancestor  of  the  Elphinstons. 
These,  with  a  great  many  others,  ancestors  of 
divers  of  our  prindpal  surnames,  came  to  Scot- 
land with  Edgar  Atheling,  and  his  sister  Margaret, 
queen  to  our  king  Malcolm  III.  some  little  time 
after  the  Norman  Conquest,  and  were  all  courteous- 
ly received,  and  many  of  them  endowed  with 


estates^  by  that  magnificent  prince.  The  aaoestor 
of  the  Levingstons  having  settled  in  West  Lothian, 
denominated  these  lands,  first  acquired  by  him, 
Levingston,  from  his  own  proper  name,  which 
continued  to  be  so  for  some  descents.  The  first 
of  that  surname,  found  mentioned  in  any  private 
record,  is  called  Levingus,  in  the  reign  of  king 
David  I.  This  name  was  agrandized  by  two 
several  means ;  firsts  by  Sir  William  Levingston^s 
marriage  with  the  heiress  of  Callander,  and  with 
her  obtained  that  estate,  in  the  reign  of  king  Dar 
vid  II.:  secondly,  by  Sir  Alexainder^  this  Sir 
WilKam^s  grandchild,  being  governor  of  Scotland^ 
in  the  minority  of  king  James  II. 

As  the  Levingstons  gave  denomination  to  their 
lands  in  West  Lothian,  so  the  ancestor  of  Elphing- 
stons,  after  the  same  manner,  denominated  the 
lands  first  acquired  by  him  in  Mid  Lothian,  which, 
by  an  heiress,  in  the  reign  of  king  James  I.  came 
to  the  Johnstouns,  that  part  of  the  estate  in  Stir- 
lingshire, called  formerly  Airthbeg,  (as  Mr.  Craw- 
ford asserts,)  being  retained  by  the  heir  male,  and 
changed  into  that  of  Elphingston. 

The  Hamiltons,  Hepbuens,  Geats,  and  a 
great  many  others,  are  of  a  more  late  descent 
from  England  than  these  already  mentioned.  All 
I  shall  observe,  concerning  them,  is  only  in  rela- 
tion to  that  of  Hamilton,  the  descent  of  which, 
from  England,  seems  to  be  of  greater  antiquity, 
by  far,  than  what  is  generally  asserted  by  oar 
historians ;  and  I  am  more  apt  to  join  sentiments 


with  the  author  of  the  English  Peerage,  who 
affirms  the  ancestor  of  the  Hamiltons  to  have  come 
to  this  kingdom  in  the  reign  of  king  WilKam. 
And  that  which  in  a  great  measure  confirms  me 
in  this  opinion,  is  a  charter,  in  the  register  of  Dun* 
barton,  pertaining  to  Hamilton  of  Bardowie,  grant- 
ed by  Duncan,  earl  of  Lennox,  to  John  Hamilton 
of  Bathemock,  now  Bardowie,  upon  resignation  of 
John  Hamilton,  his  father,  of  those  lands,  in  the 
year  1394,  and  the  reign  of  king  Robert  III.  So 
that  the  lord  Hamilton's  son,  who  married  Gal* 
braith,  heiress  of  Bathemock,  being  named,  by  all 
who  write  of  that  surname,  David,  and  owned  to 
be  a  later  cadet  than  the  ancestors  of  the  Hamil- 
tons of  Preston,  Innerwick,  Bathgate,  and  a  great 
many  others,  evinces  these  writers  either  to  be  in 
an  error  in  relation  to  the  descent  or  those  of 
Bardowie,  or,  which  is  more  probable,  in  that  of 
the  surname  in  general,  as  to  their  ancestor'^s  com- 
ing to  Scotland  in  the  reign  of  king  Robert  I. 
For '  though  it  be  evident,  that,  by  some  several 
descents,  Bardowie's  ancestor  is  later  than  divers 
cadets  of  that  family,  yet,  by  the  above  charter, 
in  1394,  being  only  eighty-eight  years  posterior 
to  the  coronation  of  king  Robert  I.  the  grandfa- 
ther of  that  John,  in  whose  favour  that  charter 
was  granted,  must  be  allowed  to  have  existed  at, 
if  not  before,  the  coronation  of  the  said  king,  and 
consequently  before  the  time  allotted  for  the  first 
coming  of  the  ancestor  of  the  surname  of  Hamiltoi^ 
to  this*  kingdom. 

The  next  class  of  Scottish  surnames  is  those 


whose  descent  is  from  the  French,  beingalfioa 
very  considerable  part  of  our  Scottish  surnames* 
The  first  instance  of  these  is  the  surname  of 
Fbaseb,  so  denominated  from  the  three  strawberry 
leaves,  termed  in  French  frazts^  which  that  sur- 
name use  for  armorial  bemring.  Some  other  sur- 
names, of  a  French  extract,  have  also  obtained 
denominations  from  the  same  cause,  as  the  Sharps^ 
Purvesses,  and  others.  The  Frasers  are  said  to 
be  descended  of  Peter,  count  of  Troile,  who  came 
to  Scotland  some  little  time  after  the  league  be- 
twixt Scotland  and  Franee.  That  surname  is  not 
only  found  upon  record,  but  to  I^ave  been  divided 
in  divers  great  branches,  or  families,  in  the  rdgns 
of  king  Malcolm  IV.  and  king  William ;  one  of 
which,  in  the  r^gn  of  the  latter,  was  chancellor  of 
Scotland.  That  great  man,  and  loyal  patriot^ 
Sir  Simon,  so  famous  in  the  reign  of  king  Robert 
I.  was  lord  of  Tweedale,  and  resided  in  Oliver 
castle,  in  that  country. 

The  Tweedies,  now  possessors  of  that  castle^ 
and  adjacent  estate,  are  supposed  to  be  descended 
of  the  ancient  Frasers.  Lovaf  s  ancestor  was  also 
called  Simon,  his  mother  being  a  sister  of  kipg 
Robert  I.  From  this  last  Simon  the  Lords  Lovat 
are  always  termed  MacShimes,  or,  oontractedly, 
Maclmmey,  the  same  with  Simpson,  whose  family 
is  by  far  the  most  numerous  of  any  odier  of  that 

The  SiNCLAiBs  are  also  of  a  French  descent, 
being  earls  of  Orkney,  afterwards  of  Caithness; 
William,  or .  rather  Henry,  earl  of  Orkney  and 


Caithness,  being  chancellor  in  the  reign  of  kiqg 
James  IL  and  of  the  .greatest  grandeur  of  any  no- 
bleman of  his  age.  Also  the  Montgomeries,  as 
their  arms  and  motto  evince,  are  of  a  French,  or^ 
as  others  assert,  of  a  Norman  origin ;  as  are  also 
the  Bruces,  and  the  Bailliesj  thought  to  be  de- 
scended of  the  ancient  Balliols,  and  the  Browns^ 
with  a  great  many  others,  too  numerous  to  be 
here  mentioned. 

The  fourth  and  last,  and  indeed  the  least,  class 
of  Scottish  Surnames,  is  those  whose  descent  is 
from  Denmark,  and  some  other  northern  regions. 
Some  antiquaries,  more  especially  our  heralds, 
presume  the  Bam8£ts,Cabn£gies,  and  Muneoes, 
to  have  come  originally  from  Germany,  by  reason 
of  their  armorial  bearings.  The  Geants  assert 
themselves  to  be  of  a  Danish  descent,  from  Aquin 
de  Grand,  or  Grant.  Sir  John  de  Grant  is  one 
of  these  mentioned  in  the  debates  which  fell  out 
after  the  death  of  king  Alexander  III.  The 
Menzies^s  also  contend  to  be  of  a  Danish  extract ; 
as  also  some  others,  more  especially  of  the  dansy 
as  shall  be  hereafter  specified. 

Having  thus  briefly  illustrated,  by  instances, 
the  several  classes  of  Scottish  surnames,  I  shall 
proceed  next  to  an  account  of  the  clans,  or  those 
whose  surnames  commence  with  jtfoc,  of  which 
such  as  are  nobilitated,  being  so  fully  treated  of 
in  the  Scottish  Peerage,  shall  not  therefore  be 
touched  in  this  place;  nor  the  MacDowals  of 
Galloway,  Macllvains,  MacGuffogs,  MaeCuUos, 
and  some  others,  who,  though  of  an  ancient  Scottish 


extract,  yet  having  no  manner  of  correspondence 
or  agreement  in  language,  habit,  or  any  other  cir- 
cumstances with  those  most  properly  termed  clans, 
shall  not  here  be  in»sted  upon.  I  shall  therefore 
confine  myself  wholly  to  the  Highland  clans,  which 
are  ordinarily  conjoined  in  our  old  records  and 
acts  of  parliament. 





HAVING  already  offered  some  few  argumentt 
for  eviDGiBg  of  dome  of  the  daiusy  «id  other  sur- 
nam^  of  a  Scottish  extract,  to  be  the  genuine 
prc^eny  of  the  ancient  Scots,  who  at  different 
junctures  jdanted  the  western  parts  of  Scotland^ 
I  shaH  not,  in  this  place,  farther  insist  upon  that 
sulgect,  but  proceed  to  an  account  of  the  Mac- 
Donalds,  who,  for  many  ages,  were  of  the  greatest 
esteem,  and  deservedly  had  the  precedency  of 
other  clans.  For  had  not  their  fate  been  to  be 
planted  in  the  most  remote  corners  of  this  king- 
dom, and  by  that  means  no  object  or  occasion 
offered  of  exerting  that  valour  and  vigour  so  very 
natural  to  them,  their  actions  had  been  recorded 
in  as  bright  characters  as  those  of  the  Douglasses, 
or  any  others  of  our  hercnc  surnames. 

The  chieftain»  or  Phylarcha,  of  this  tribe,  or 
dan,  and  from  whom  the  principal  men  thereof  are 
descended,  according  to  Mn  Welsh,  and  some 


Other  Irish,  also  some  of  our  Scottish  senecionesv 
or  genealogists,  about  a  century  before  our  Sa- 
viour^s  nativity,  was  Coll,  to-named  Vuais,  who 
had  two  cousin-germans  of  the  same  name,  they 
being,  by  three  several  sons,  grandchildren  to  Con 
Cenchathach,  or  Constantine  Centimachus,  king 
of  Ireland,  so  named  from  his  fighting  a  hundred 
conflicts,  in  his  time,  against  foreign  invaders  of 
his  kingdom,  and  homebred  rebels,  as  the  Irish 
History  asserts.  From  these  three  Colls  some  of 
the  most  ancient  of  the  dans  deduce  their  descent ; 
and  as  these  are  termed  descendants  of  the  Milesian 
fitem,  so  they  are  also  designed  Sliodbd  nan  CoI» 
luibh,  or  the  posterity  of  the  Colls ;  in  the  like 
manner,  as  the  Campbells  are  designed  both 
Clanoduibhne  and  Siol  Diarmuid,  the  children  of 
I>uina,.and-pregeBy  oi  Dermid,  two  of  the  most 
famed  of  their  ancestors. 

Coll  Vuais^s  son  was  called  Gillebreid^  or,  as 
our  histories  name  him,  Bredius.  This  Bredius, 
in  the  reign  of  king  Ederus,  about  fifty-four  years 
before  our  Saviour^s  nativity,  with  an  army  of  bis 
islanders,  entered  Morvem,  and  the  other  western 
continent,  which  having  with  great  barbarity  de- 
populated, he  was  in  his  return  met  by  king  Ede- 
rus, with  an  army,  and  entirely  defeated.  Bredius 
hardly  escaping,  by  absconding  himself  in  a  cave, 
was  thence  termed  Bredius,  or  Gillebreid  of  the 
cave«  However,  after  the  kings  departure  he  ob- 
tained new  forces,  by  which  he  obliged  the  inhabi- 
tants  of  these  parts  to  become  his  tributaries,  in 
which  he  was  not  disturbed  by  king  Ederus,  th^ 
under  some  aj^rehensions  of  an  invasion  by  Julius 

HA0DPNAI.D8.  47 

CsesaTj  who  at  that  juncture  had  invaded  the 
south  parts  of  Britain. 

Bredius's  son  was  called  Sumerledus,  from 
whom  the  chieftains  of  that  clan  were»  for  some 
ages,  designed  MacSoirles,  or  Sumerledsons ;  as 
Richard  Southwell,  an  English  writer,  in  his  ac- 
count of  the  petty  kings,  or  Beguli,  of  some  of 
the  British  isles,  while  under  the  dominion  of  the 
Norvepan  kings,  asserts,  who  says,  that  those 
Reguli  possessed  all  the  isles  round  Britain,  at 
least  Scotland,  except  those  possessed  by  the 
son  of  Sumerledus,  being  most  of  our  Ebudse,  or 
Western  Isles,  then  possessed  by  the  MacDonalds. 

Sumerledus  son  was  called  Rannald ;  Rannald's 
son  was  called  Donald;  which  name  continued  for 
several  successive  gen^ations,  and  from  which 
that  clan  obtained  their  denomination.  The  first 
of  these  Donalds  of  the  isles,  found  upon  record, 
was  that  Donald,  who,  about  the  year  248  of  the 
christian  epocha,  in  the  reign  of  king  Findoch, 
made  a  descent  upon  the  continent  of  Argyll,  but 
being  defeated  by  the  king,  was  killed  with  a  great 
many  more  of  his  men :  for  revenge  of  whose 
death,  his  son,  of  the  same  name^  in  the  year  269, 
and  first  year  of  the  reign  of  king  Donald  II.  with 
an  army,  entered  the  continent,  and  being  en* 
countered  with  an  army  hastily  levied  by  the  king, 
that  prince  was  defeated  by  the  islanders.  The 
king  dying  of  his  wounds  in  a  few  days,  Donakl 
of  the  isles  usurped  the  government,  and  retained 
the  same  for  twelve  years,  at  the  end  of  which  he 
was  killed  by  Cratlinth,  king  Findoch's  son,  who 
kq>t  down  lus  successors,  as  did  some  of  the  sue- 


oeeding  kings.  They  made  no  great  disturbance 
for  a  considerable  time,  till,  the  year  763,  one  of 
these  chiefs  of  the  isles,  called  Donald,  made  an 
insurriection,  but  was  defeated  by  king  Eugenius. 
That  insurrection,  made  by  Donald  Baan,  is  else- 
where mentioned. 

The  chiefs,  or  principal  persons  of  this  surname, 
as  the  title  of  thane  came  to  be  used,  were, 
among  the  first  of  our  nobility,  dignified  therewith, 
by  the  title,  first  of  thanes  of  the  isles,  and  after- 
wards thanes  of  Argyll,  upon  account  of  that  large 
tract  of  land,  possessed  by  the  chiefs  of  that  sur- 
name, besides  Kintyre  and  Enapdale,  all  along  the 
western  sea^coasts  of  Argyllshire.  Of  these  were 
the  two  successive  Sumerleds,  mentioned  in  the 
reigns  of  king  Malcolm  IV.  and  king  Alexander  I. 
of  Scotland.  The  last  of  these  two  Sumerleds' 
sucSoessor  was  Reginald,  or  Rannald,  mentioned 
in  the  records  of  the  abbey  of  Paisley,  being 
founder  of  the  abbey  of  Sanda ;  Rannald's  son  was 
Donald,  mentioned  also  in  a  mortification  made  by 
him  to  the  abbey  of  Paisley. 

Donald  had  two  sons,  Angus,  or  MneaSf  his 
successor,  and  Alexander,  progenitor  of  the  Mao- 
Alasters  in  Argyllshire.  This  Angus,  upon  ac- 
count of  a  mortification  made  by  him,  is  men- 
tioned in  the  records  of  the  abbey  of  Paisley.  An- 
gus had  also  two  sons,  Alexander,  his  successor, 
and  John,  ancestor  of  the  MacEans  of  Ardnar 
murchan,  now  almost  extinct.  To  Alexander, 
mentioned  in  some  old  records  of  Argyll,  succeeded 
Angus  Moir,  or  the  Great,  who,  with  two  thou- 
sand men,  was  with  king  Robert  Bruce  at  the 

MArpOlTALDg.  49 

battle  of  Bannockburn.      Angus^  successor  was 
also  called  Angus,  being  married  to  a  daughter  of 
Okejan,  lord  Dunseverin  in  Ireland.     His  suc- 
cessor was  John,  who  very  much  aggrandized  his 
family  by  marrying  of  lady  Margaret  Stewart, 
daughter  to  king  Robert  II.  as  is  evident  by  two 
charters,  by  that  king,  in  his  favour,  by  designa- 
tion of  his  beloved  son-in-law,  of  the  lands  of  Moy- 
dert  and  Croydert.      This  John  had  four  sons, 
Donald  his  successor,  John  of  Glins,  ancestor  to 
the  earl  of  Antrim,   in   Ireland,   Alexander,   by 
some  said  to  be  ancestor  of  the  MacDonalds  of 
Eeppoch,  but  both,  by  what  I  can  find,  are  errors ; 
and  Allan,  who  was  ancestor  of  the  captain  of 
Clanronald ;    whereas,  Keppoch's  ancestor  is  re- 
ported to  have  been  Rannald,  son  to  Alexander 
of  Argyll,  and  the  Isles,  id  the  reign  of  king  Alex- 
ander III. 

Donald,  lord  of  the  Isles,  married  a  daughter 
of  Walter  Lesley,  who,  in  right  of  his  wife,  daugh- 
ter of  William,  last  earl  of  Ross,  was  earl  of  that 
eHate.  He  had  one  son,  who  left  only  one  daugh- 
ter, heiress  to  that  earldom ;  which  daughter  hav- 
ing become  a  nun,  disponed  her  estate  to  John 
Stewart,  earl  of  Buchan,  second  son  to  Robert, 
earl  of  Fife  and  Montieth,  then  Governor  of  Scot- 
land. The  lord  of  the  Isles,  jud^ng  himself  pre- 
judged by  the  said  right,  applied  to  the  governor 
for  redress,  but  to  no  purpose ;  whereupon,  resolv- 
ing to  assert  his  right  by  arms,  he,  for  that  effect, 
levied  ten,  or,  as  most  assert,  twelve  thousand 
men,  and  marching  through  Murray,  was  encoun- 
tered, with  an  army  of  equal  number,  by  Alexan- 


der  Stewart,  earl  of  Marr^  the  bravest  general  of 
his  age,  at  a  village  called  Harlaw»  in  the  year 
1411 ;  betwixt  whom  was  fought  the  most  bloody 
conflict  that  for  many  ages  had  been  observed  to 
have  been  fought  betwixt  native  Scottish  men,  till 
night  parted  them.      Next  morning,  observing 
their  mutual  loss,   they    marched  off  with   the 
small  remains  of  their  several  armies.     However, 
the  lord  of  the  Isles,  in  a  little  time  thereafter, 
took  possession  of  the  earldom  of  Ross,  and  left 
the  same  to  his  successor,  Alexander,  designed 
earl  of  Ross,  Kintyre,  and  Inohegal,  or  west  Isles. 
He  had  also  another  son,  Donald  Balloch,  or  spot>- 
ted  Donald,  who,  upon  the  accession  of  king  James 
I*  to  the  throne,  and  bis  depriving  his  brother, 
Alexander,  ^^f]{d  of  ^he  Isles,  of  the  earldom  of 
Ross,  and  imprisoning  him,  levied  an  army  of  ten 
thousand  men,  and  being  engaged  at  Ennerlochy, 
by  the  Stewarts,  earls  of  Marr  and  Caithness,  their 
army  was  defeated  by  that  of  Balloch,  with  the 
death  of  the  earl  of  Caithness,  one  of  the  generals : 
but  upon  the  king^s  approach  with  another  army, 
Donald  Balloch  was  deserted  by  a  great  many  of 
his  forces,  and  was  obliged  to  flee  to  Ireland^ 
where,  at  king  Jameses  desire,  he  was  executed. 

Alexander,  earl  of  Ross  and  the  Isles,  was  mar- 
ried to  the  earl  of  Huntley's  daughter,  of  which 
marriage  he  had  three  sons,  John,  his  successor, 
Hugh,  first  of  Slate,  ancestor  of  Sir  Donald  Mac- 
Donald,  and,  as  most  assert,  Alexander,  ancestor 
of  Glengary.  John,  earl  of  Ross,  married  a 
daughter  of  James,  lord  Levingston,  by  whom  he 
had  issue,  and  being  deprived,  by  forfaulture,  of 


tbe  earldom  of  Roos^  for  some  disloyal  practices, 
in  the  minority  of  king  James  III.  his  other  es» 
tate  was  conveyed,  in  favour  of  Donald^  grandson 
to  this  John,  by  Angus,  his  natural  son.  This 
Donald  also  dying  widiout  issue,  king  James  V. 
took  the  estate  into  his  own  hand ;  but  this  does 
not  hold  with  the  assertionof  mostof  the  seneciones^ 
who  record  the  affairs  of  this  surname.  They  con^ 
trovert  the  above  account,  by  asserting  that  this 
Donald  j  last  lord  of  the  Isles,  died  in  the  reign  of 
king  Jimies  VI.  and  leaving  no  issue,  the  king  took 
tbe  estate  into  his  own  hands^  and  afterwards  dis^* 
poned  it  to  a  brother  of  die  earl  of  Argyll,  who  dye- 
ing without  issue,  all  those  lands  fell  into  the  fiunily 
of  Argyll,  as  they  yet  continue.  That  which  con- 
firms ikis  ofixkioii  is,  that  the  lord  of  the  Isles  is 
mentioned  in  Knox^s  History,  to  have  received 
pay  ftom  Henry  VIII.  king  of  England,  in  the 
time  of  the  earl  of  Arran's  re^sncy,  which  was 
after  the  death  of  king  Jwat&s  V.  It  is  also 
asserted^  that  the  ancestor  of  MacDonald  of  Slat^ 
was  son  .to  Angus,  lord  of  the  Isles,  and  hm^ 
ther  to  that  John  who'  was  married  to  a  daugh* 
ter  of  king  Robert  IL  and  that  the  ancestor 
of  MacDonald  of  Lergie  came  off  the  family  of 
MacDonald  much  about  the  same  time.  But, 
seeing  there  are  more  who  adhere  to  the  first  than 
the  hist  account,  I  shall  leave  the  smne  to  be  de- 
termined by  those  better  seen  in  the  concerns  of 
that  name;  observing,  pnly,  that  MacDonald  of 
Slate  hath  always  been  reputed  the  chief  family  of 
that  surname,  since  the  extinction  of  the  lords  of 
the  Islesy  and^  as  such,  is  always  designed,  by  way 


eminencj,  Macokel,  or  MacDokald,  without 
any  further  distinction. 

This  surname  was  formerly,  and  at  present, 
divided  into  six  different  families,  which  retain 
the  surname  of  MacDonald ;  and  other  six  families* 
which  pass  under  other  other  denominations,  yet 
own  their  descent  to  be  off  the  family  of  Mai> 

The  first  of  those  families  who  retain  the  sur- 
name of  MacDonald,  is  that  of  Slate,  being  not 
only  the  latest  descended,  but  also  possessed  of 
the  most  plentiful  estate,  of  any  other  of  that  sur- 
name,  both  in  the  isle  of  Sky  and  the  western  con- 
tinent of  Morvean  and  Croydert.  The  present 
MacDonald  of  Slate  is  a  boy,  being  son  to  James 
MacDonald  of  Orinsay,  second  brother  to  the  late 
Sir  Donald.  The  next  principal  man  of  that  fa- 
mily is  William  MacDonald,  present  tutor  of 
SlatC)  and  youngest  brother  to  the  said  Sir  Donald. 
The  principal  residence  of  that  family  is  the  castle 
of  Duntuilm,  situated  in  the  north  part  of  the  isle 
of  Sky.  They  have  also  another  place  of  residence, 
adorned  with  stately  edifices,  pleasant  gardens, 
and  other  regular  polices,  called  Armbdel,  upon 
the  south  coast  of  the  same  isle. 

The  second  family  of  that  surname,  of  most  re- 
pute, next  to  that  of  Slate,  in  respect  of  estate,  and 
all  other  circumstances,  is  that  of  Clanronald ;  the 
principal  man  of  which  is  designed  captain  of  Clan- 
ronald, and  in  the  Irishjianguage  Macmhicaillain, 
or  the  son  of  Allanson  ;  it  seeming  that  his  proper 
name,  who  was  progenitor  of  this  sept,  and  came 
first  off  the  family  of  MacDonald^  was  Allan.    The 

MACt>01VA£B9.  58 

wfade  tfnBe  is  ttso  fanned  Siolaii^m,  or  tbe  prd- 
geikj  of  Allan;  The  person  of  best  repute  of  this  fa^ 
mily»  next  to  tbe  captain,  is  MacRonald  of  Beneula. 
This  family,  having  an  old  quarrel  with  the  surname 
of  Fraser,  determined  the  same  by  a  formal  conflict, 
in  the  time  of  the  regency  of  queen  Mary  of  Guises 
mother  to  queen  Mary  of  Scotland,^t  the  village  of 
Harlaw,  famous  for  the  battle,  fought  formerly 
thereat,  by  Stewart,  earl  of  Mar,  and  Mac  Donald, 
earl  of  Boss.  There  were  ssud  to  be  upwards  of  two 
thousand  men  on  both  sides,  of  which  scarce  a 
hundred  are  said  to  have  survived  that  fatal  con- 
flict. The-  northern  branch  of  the  name  of  Fraser 
was  in  a  manner  cut  ofl^;  but  Providence  favoured 
them  so  far,  that  eighty  of  their  principal  men 
left  thehr  wives  with  child,  all  of  whom  were  de- 
livered of  sons,  who  all  came  to  age.  The  prin- 
cipal residence  of  the  captain  of  Clanrouald  is 
Castletirim,.in  the  western  continent  of  Moydert, 
where  a  good  part  of  this  gentleman's  estate  lies, 
the  other  part  lying  in  North  and  South  Uists, 
in  the  first  of  which  isles  the  captain  ordinarily 

The  third  family,  of  best  repute,  of  that  sur- 
name, is  MacDonald  of  Glengary.  The  next 
principal  man  of  this  family,  to  Glengary,  is  Angus 
MacDonald,  brother  to  the  late  Glengary,  a  gen- 
tleman of  good  account  and  circumstances.  Glen- 
gary's  interest  lies  mostly  in  that  part  of  Lochaber, 
within  the  shire  of  Inverness.  Glengary,  in  their 
native  language,  is  designed  MacMhicallester,  or 
the  son  of  Alexander.  This  gentleman's  residence 
is  the  castle  of  Innergray,  in  Lochaber ;  but  that 


castle  not  being  now  in  repair,  he  resides  in  an 
island,  in  a  loch,  called  Locheawicb,  in  the  said 

The  fourth  principal  family  of  this  surname 
is  that  of  Kepoch,  ordinarily  designed  MacHi- 
craneill,  or  the  son  of  Ronaldson.  His  resi- 
dence is  in  Eepoch,  in  the  lower  part  of  Lochaber, 
which,  together  with  Glenroy,  the  property  where- 
of belongs  to  the  laird  of  Macintosh,  being  a 
large  tract  of  land,  is  possessed  by  the  present 
Kepoch,  and  hath  been  so  for  divers  ages  by  his 
ancestors,  without  any  other  acknowledgment  to 
Macintosh,  than  such  a  gratuity  as  they  thought 
fit  to  give.  The  late  laird  of  Macintosh,  in  the 
year  1687,  endeavouring  to  dispossess  Kepoch  of 
these  lands  by  force,  raised  twelve  hundred  of  his 
own  men,  and  obtuned  from  the  government  the 
concurrence  of  a  company  of  the  regular  forces, 
under  command  of  captain  MacEenzie  of  Suddey. 
Kepoch,  with  a  few  more  than  the  half  of  that 
number,  encountered  with  Macintosh  and  his 
party,  and  entirely  defeated  the  same,  with  the 
death  of  captain  MacKenzie,  and  a  great  many 
others,  having  taken  Macintosh  prisoner,  and 
obliged  him  to  renounce  his  pretensions  to  those 
lands,  for  which  Kepoch  was  denounced  rebel ; 
but  the  revolution  coming  on  the  subsequent  year, 
he  was  not  further  prosecuted  for  that  affair,  and 
the  present  laird  of  Macintosh  having  given  him 
a  new  grant  of  these  lands,  he  continues  in  posses- 
sion of  the  same.  Next  to  this  family  are  Ronald, 
Alexander,  and  Angus,  brethren  to  the  present 
Coll  MacDonald  of  Kepoch. 


The  fifth  principal  family  of  this  surname  is 
that  of  Largy.  This  gentleman's  residence  is  in 
the  south  part  of  the  peninsula  of  Eintyre^  ivithin 
four  miles  of  the  Mule,  or  cape  of  Kintyre.  The 
next  man  of  account,  to  this  family,  is  MacDon- 
ald  of  Sanda,  residing  in  the  said  country. 

The  sixth  principal  family  of  this  name,  is  Mac- 
Donald  of  Glencoe,  his  residence  being  in  Polli- 
wig,  in  Glencoe.  The  next  principal  man,  of 
this  family,  is  MacDonald  of  Attriatain,  in  the 
same  country. 

The  first  of  those  families,  of  another  denomina- 
tion, which  derive  their  origin  from  that  of  Mac- 
Donald,  is  that  of  MacCallaster,  the  principal  man 
of  which  is  MacCallaster  of  Loup,  whose  principal 
residence  is  in  Airdpatrick,  upon  the  south  side 
of  the  west  Loch-Tarbit,  in  Enapdale,  in  the 
shire  of  Argyll.  The  next  principal  man,  of  this 
family,  is  MacCallaster  of  Tarbit,  in  the  same 

The  second  principal  family,  of  those  of  another 
denomination,  is  that  of  MacNab,  his  principal 
residence  being  at  Einally,  in  Braidalbin,  in  the 
shire  of  Perth.  This  gentleman  is  recorded  to  be 
descended  of  a  son  of  the  first  abbot  of  Inchchaf- 
fery,  whose  surname  was  MacDonald,  in  the  be- 
ginning of  the  reign  of  king  Alexander  II.  The 
lairds  of  MacNab  had  of  old  a  very  good  interest 
in  those  parts,  but  lost  the  greatest  part  thereof 
upon  account  of  their  assisting  of  MacDougal, 
lord  of  Lorn,  against  king  Robert  Bruce,  at^he 
conflict  of  Dalree.  There  are  MacNabs  of  Incheun, 
and  Acharn,  with  several  other  landed  gentlemen^ 

56  Aceomrp  09  the 

besides  the  principal  family  in  those  p^rts.  There 
is  also  a  pretty  numerous  sept  of  the  MacNabs, 
in  the  county  of  Dunegale,  in  Ireland,  who  term 
themselves  MacNabanies,  but  own  their  dlescent 
from  the  Scottish  MacNabsj  or  Abbotsons. 

The .  third  family,  of  this  kind,  is  that  of  the 
Maclntyres,  the  principal  person  of  these  being 
Maclntyre  of  Glennoe,  in  Glenorchy,  in  the  shire 
of  Perth.  'The  other  heritors,  of  that  name,  are 
the  Maclntyres  of  Corries,  and  Cruachan. 

The  fourth  family,  of  this  kind,  is  that  of  Mac^ 
Aphie,  whose  ancestors,  for  many  ages,  were  lairds 
of  the  isle  of  CoUinsay,  which  was  violently  wrested 
from  that  family,  in  the  beginning  of  the  reign  of 
king  Charies  I.  by  Coll  Eeitaeh  MacDonald,  who 
lost  his  life,  and  unjust  purchase,  in  the  time  of 
the  civil  wars:  but  the  interest  was  never  restored 
to  MacAphie.  The  greatest  part  of  that  name  re- 
side in  Lochaber,  and  Upper  Lorn, 

The  fifth  of  these  families  is  that  of  MacEecfaoim, 
whose  principal  residence  is  at  Killellan,  within 
two  miles  of  the  cape  of  Kintyre.  The  sixth,  and 
last,  is  that  of  the  MacEechnies.  The  interest  of 
the  prindpal  person  of  these  was  at  Tangay,  in 
the  south  part  of  Kintyre. 

Besides  these  mentioned,  there  are  divers  other 
small  clans,  who,  though  not  descended  from,  yet 
of  a  long  time  have  been  dependants  upon  the 
MacDonalds ;  as  the  MacKinnings  of  the  isle  of 
Sky,  whose  chief  is  the  laird  of  MacEinney,  a 
gentleman  of  a  good  estate  in  that  isle,  and  m 
Mull,  and  depending  on  the  family  of  Slate.  The 
MacWalricks,  also,  who  derive  their  origin  from 


one  Ulrick  Kennedy^  a  son  of  the  family  of  DunureSi 
who,  for  slaughter,  fled,  divers  ages  ago,  to  Locha* 
ber  ;  his  progeny,  from  the  proper  name  of  their 
ancestor,  deriving  their  surname  of  MacWahricks ; 
the  principal  person  of  whom  is  MacWalrick  of 
Liinachan,  in  Lochaber,  who,  with  his  sept,  are  de- 
pendants of  the  fiamily  of  Kepoch;  as  are  the 
MacKenricks,  being  originally  MacNauchtans,  de- 
pendants on  the  family  of  Glencoe.  The  Mao- 
Gillmories,  and  others,  are  dependants  on  the  fap 
mily  of  Glengary ;  as  are  the  MacUrevies  on  the 
family  of  Clanronald,  with  divers  others,  too  nu- 
merous here  to  be  mentioned. 

The  MacDonalds,  in  their  atchievementSy  or 
armorial  bearings,  have  four  several  kinds  of  bear- 
ings ;  as  first,  Or,  a  lion,  rampant,  azure,  armed, 
and  langued  gules.  Second,  a  dexter  hand  cou- 
pee>  holding  a  cross  crosslet,  fitcfaie  sable.  Third> 
Or,  a  ship,  with  her  suls  furled  salterwise,  sable. 
Fourth,  a  salmon  naiant,  proper,  with  a  chief  waved, 




THE  simiame  of  MacDouoal*  though  now 
somewhals  low,  yet,  in  respect  of  th^andcat  power, 
gFimdeur,  and  antiquity  thereof,  deserves  in  jus- 
tice to  be  motioned  next  to  that  of  MacDonaU ; 
the  chiefs,  or  principal  men  of  that  surname,  being, 
for  some  considerable  time,  dignified  with  the  title 
of  lords  of  Lorn,  a  country  of  a  very  large  extent, 
and  of  old  valued  a  seven  hundred  merk  land. 
These  lords  of  Lorn,  from  the  beginning  of  the 
reign  of  William  the  Lyon,  till  the  reign  of  king 
Bobert  I.  were  of  the  greatest  power  of  any  other 
of  the  Highland  clans ;  the  family  of  MacDonald 
being  very  much  depressed,  in  those  times,  by 
reason  of  the  insurrections  made  against  the  go- 
vernment by  the  two  successive  Sumerleds,  chiefs 
of  that  surname.  It  might  be  rationally  presumed, 
that  the  MacDougals  of  Lorn  are  originally  de- 
scended of  the  family  of  MacDougal  of  Galloway, 

ACCOUNT  ar  the  macdougals.  69 

if  not  absolutely,  at  least  among  the  most  ancient 
families  of  Scodand;  the  armorial  bearing  of  both 
these  familiesi  which  is  the  most  authentic  docu- 
ment can  be  adduced  in  this  case,  differing  very 
little  in  any  material  circumstance.  Nevertheless, 
the  MacDougals  of  Lorn,  for  any  thing  I  can  iSnd, 
refuse  their  descent  to  be  from  those  of  Galloway, 
making  it  from  one  of  these  Colls  already  men- 
tioned in  the  genealogy  of  the  MacDonalds,  at 
least  from  the  Milesian  mce  of  the  ancient  kings 
of  Ireland,  in  common  with  some  others  of  the 
most  ancient  Hi^land  clans. 

The  first  to  be  met  with,  on  record,  of  these 
lords  of  Lorn,  is  Duncan,  who,  in  the  latter  part 
of  the  reign  of  king  William,  founded  the  priory 
of  Ardchattan  in  Lorn,  who  had  two  sons,  Alexan- 
der his  successor,  and  Duncan.  Alexander  mar- 
ried a  daughter  of  John  Cummine,  lord  of  Ba» 
dencx)h,  chief  of  that  potent  and  numerous  sur- 
name. Of  this  marriage  he  had  John  Bacah,  or 
halting,  bis  successor.  This  John,  lord  of  Lorn, 
upon  king  Robert  I.'s  killing  John  Cummine, 
lord  of  Badenoch,  Lom^s  cousin,  at  Dumfries^  be- 
came, upon  that  account,  an  inveterate  enemy  to 
that  king  and  his  interest,  and,  as  such,  used  his 
utmost  efforts  in  molesting  Sir  Neil  Campbell  of 
Locbow,  the  king'^s  brother-in-law,  and  other 
loyalists  in  those  parts.  For  relief  of  whom  the 
king,  with  a  party  of  his  friends,  marched  for  Ar- 
gyllshire; but  before  he  could  join  his  friends 
there,  the  lord  of  Lorn,  with  an  array  vastly  supe- 
rior to  his,  encountered  him,  and  his  small  party, 
at  Strathfillan,  upon  a  plain,  called  as  yet,  from 


that  event,  Dalree,  or  king^s  plain,  and  did  so  far 
overpower  the  king^s  forces,  that,  after  a  sharp 
conflict,  he  entirely  defeated  the  same.  The  king 
himself  narrowly  escaped  being  either  killed  or 
taken,  one  of  Lorn*s  soldiers  having  taken  hold 
of  his  scarf,  worn  bend-ways  over  his  shoulder, 
and  though  the  king  knocked  the  soldier  dead 
with  a  steel  mace,  yet  he  did  not  let  go  his  hold 
till  the  king  was  obliged  to  loose  the  buckle  which 
fastened  the  scarf,  and  to  leave  the  same  in  the 
soldier^s  hands  |  which  large  silver  buckle  was  of 
late  extant  in  the  hands  of  the  laird  of  MacDougal, 
if  not  as  yet,  as  a  memorial  or  trophy  of  that  vic- 
tory. The  king  was  again  assaulted  by  three 
robust  fellows  of  Lorn^s  men,  called  MacAnorsoirs, 
who  encountering  him  in  a  strait  pass,  one  of 
them  seized  his  bridle,  and  another  his  leg,  and 
and  the  third  jumped  on  behind  him  ;  nevertheless; 
such  was  the  unparalleled  valour  and  presence  of 
mind  of  that  heroic  prince,  that  in  the  end  he  des- 
patched those  three  ruffians,  and  escaped,  but  was 
necessitated  to  quit  his  horse,  coming  on  foot  for 
two  miles  of  very  bad  way,  to  the  upper  end  of 
Lochlomond,  and  for  twelve  miles  more  through 
woods  and  precipices  all  along  the  north  side  of 
that  loch,  having  lodged,  the  night  the  battle  was 
fought,  in  a  cave  in  Craigrostane,  in  the  parish  of 
Buchanan,  called  as  yet  the  king'^s  cave,  and,  as  is 
reported  by  tradition,  having  come  next  day  to 
Maurice,  laird  of  Buchanan,  he  conducted  him  to 
Malcolm,  earl  of  Lennox,  by  whom  he  was  pre- 
served for  some  time,  till  he  got  to  a  place  of 


This  John,  lord  of  Lorn,  as  soon  as  king  Ro- 
bert had  obtained  possession  of  his  kingdom,  bad 
his  estate  forfaulted,  and  given  to  Stewart  of  In* 
nermeth  and  Dining,  a  descendant  of  the  family 
of  Damly,  who  (as  many  of  our  historians  say,) 
fiiarried  a  daughter  of  the  k>rd  of  Lorn ;  which  if  he 
did,  it  was  upon  the  same  account  that  Leving- 
ston,  of  that  ilk,  married  a  daughter  of  Patrick, 
lord  of  Callandar,  forfaulted  at  the  same  time, 
both  being  done  for  the  better  securing  of  their 
rights  to  those  estates,  agsunst  the  pretensions  of 
the  nearest  of  both  those  surnames  to  the  same. 
This  lordship  continued  with  the  Stewarts  for 
four  descents,  till  in  the  reign  of  king  James  III. 
the  same  was  conveyed,  by  marriage  of  the  three 
coheiresses  of  John,  last  lord  Lorn,  to  the  earl 
of  Argyll,  and  the  Campbells  of  Glenorchy  and 

There  are  none  now  remaining  of  the  male  issue 
of  Stewart,  lord  I^orn,  at  least  in  those  parts,  ex- 
cept Stewart  of  Appin,  whose  ancestor  was  Dou- 
gal,  son  to  Stewart,  second  lord  Lorn,  of  which 
estate  he  got  that  of  Appin,  retained  as  yet  by  his 
representative,  who,  with  those  of  his  family,  al- 
ways associates  with  the  other  clans.  Next  to  Ap- 
pin is  Stewart  of  Ardsbeal,  who,  with  a  good  num- 
ber of  gentlemen,  and  others  of  that  family,  reside 
in  those  parts. 

The  dependants  on  the  surname  of  MacDougal, 
are  the  MacOleas,  M acAbeirs,  and  others.  The 
principal  residence  of  John,  present  laird  of  Mac- 
Dougal, is  the  castle  of  Dunolicb,  in  Mid  Lorn, 
being  one  of  the  ancient  mansions  of  that  family. 


Tb^  person  of  best  aocountf  next  to  llie  laird  of 
MacDougal,  isMacDougalof  Gallanacb,  there  be- 
ing divers  otber  gentlemen  of  that  name  residing 
in  those  parts. 

The  armorial  bearing  of  MacDougal  of  Lorn  is,      I 
quarterly^  first  and  fourth,  in  a  field  azure,  a  lion 
campant,  argent,  for  MacDougai.      Second  and      I 
third,  Or,  a  lymphad  sable,  with  flame  of  fire  issu-      | 
ing  out  of  the.  topmast,  pit^r,  for  Lorn.  | 





ISIS  saraame  of  MacNeil  teingene  of  the 
most  andent  of  ear  Sdbttish  clans^  is  originally 
desoeaded  &om  that  once  potent  knd  flourishing . 
surname  of  the  Q^Neii^  of  Icdmid.  These  O'Neils 
wete  divided  tnto  two  gitetltribes^.the  one  termed 
tbeBontem,  aad  th^  othef  the  fidUthem  O'Nieilft 
Tii6  first  of  tbese^  for  a  gv^t  ioaaity  af^^  until. 
tfae.Btigiish  conquest^  v^&ee  ^vitaQiid  kings  of 
North  Ulster.  Aftfer  the  English  ootaqUest,  the 
tide  of  ki^g  being  abrogated  throughout  that 
kiagdoift,  the  suooeasors  of  the  kings  of  Ukteif 
were  designed  earls  of  Tyrbney  till,  in  the  reigii 
of  iq[H^ea  Elizabeth,  Shtea  O'Neily  eari  Of  Tyrone^ 
with  others  of  his  countljmen,  made  an  insurreo^. 
tion  ligwinst  thAt  quteti*  But  her  better  fortune 
prevailing,  this  family^  in  a  dtort  time  thereafter^ 
became  extinct^  the  lineal  Representative  of  it  be^- 
iog  now  John  O^Neil,  EsqUire^  of  SbaaH  castle,  in 
the  county  of  Antrim,  a  gentleman  of  the  Pi^tesi* 
tttit  religkm,  and  of  one  of  the  most  considerable 


fortunes  in  that  kingdom.  He  is  manager  to  the 
earl  of  Antrim^s  affairs,  the  earl  himself  being 
minor,  who  is  a  nobleman  of  the  greatest  estate 
of  any  of  Scottish  descent,  in  that  kingdom,  whose 
ancestor  was  John,  second  son  to  John,  lord  of 
the  Isles,  by  the  lady  Margaret  Stewart,  daughter 
to  king  Robert;  the  second  of  that  name,  and  first 
of  the  Steiivarts.  This  John^s  lineal  successor  was 
Sorely  Buey,  or  fair  Sumerled  MacDohald  of 
Glins,  who  went  to  Ireland,  as  some  say,  in  the 
reign  of  king  Henry  VII.  of  England,  or,  as  others^ 
more  probably,  in  the  reign  of  queen  Elizabeth^ 
where  he  so  far  idgnalized  himself  in  the  queen'^s 
service  against  Tyrone,  and  others  in  arms  against , 
her,  that,  at  the  end  of  those  wars,  the  queen,  in 
recompense  of  his  services,  gave  him  that  estate 
of  which  his  representative  is  yet  in  possesion. 

Ketine,  and  other  Irish  historians,  derive  the 
ori^n  of  the  O^Neils  from  Neil,  son  to  Milesius, 
king  of  Gallicia,  in  Spain,  who,  with  Hiber,  Eri- 
mon»  and  Ir,  his  three  brethren,  came  with  the 
first  Gathelians,  or  Scots,  who,  by  conquest  of 
Ecta,  Eetur,  and  Tectius,  kings  of  the  Dedannins, 
the  ancient  inhabitants  of  that  kingdom,  obtained 
the  sovereign  possession  of  the  same.  The  Mac- 
Neils  of  Scotland,  a  branch  of  those  of  Ireland, 
are  reported  to  have  come  here  with  the  first  Scots, 
who,  from  Ireland,  planted  Argyllshire,  and  the 
Western  Isles,  being,  for  some  ages  bypast,  di-' 
vided  into  two  considerable  families,  these  of  Barra, 
and  Taynish,  who,  of  a  long  time,  have  contended 
for  chiefship,  or  precedency;  but  the  matter  is 
generally  determined  in  favour  of  MacNeil  of 


BanrSf  wbo,  of  all  other  Highland  chiefs  of  clansy 
retains  most  of  the  magnificence  and  customs  of 
the  andent  Fhylarchse.  He  is  in  possession  of  the 
isle  of  Barra,  which  is  of  a  pretty  large  extent^ 
also  of  some  small  isles  round  it.  Mr.  Martin, 
composer  of  the  Western  Isles^  asserts,  that  Mac- 
Nril  of  Barra  can  produce  evidents,  for  thirty-nx 
descents,  of  his  family^s  pbs^ssion  of  that  isle,  be* 
sides  a  great  many  old  charters,  most  of  which  are 
not  legible.  However  this  be,  he  is  accounted 
one  of  the  most  andent  chieftains  of  the  Highland 
clans.  His  principal  residence  is  the  castle  of 
Keismul,  situated  in  a  small  island  of  the  same 
name,  divided  by  a  small  canal  from  Barra,  and 
of  no  more  extent  than  what  the  castle,  and  a 
large  quadrangular  area,  or  doss,  round  it,  occu« 
pieth.  MacNeil  of  Taynish,  the  next  prindpal 
person  of  this  surname,  resides  in  Knapdale,  in 
Argyllshire,  in  which  are  also  MacNeil  of  Galia^ 
chiol  and  Tarbart.  There  is  also  another  gentl&> 
man  of  that  name,  Iiurd  of  the  isle  of  CoUinsay, 
once  the  property  of  the  MacAphies.  There  are  a 
good  many  more  gentlemen,  of  the  surname,  in 
the  Western  Isles,  and  the  continents  of  Kintyre 
and  Knapdale. 

The  armorial  .bearing  of  Barra  is,  quarterly, 
first,  azure,  or,  as  others,  gules,  a  lion  rampant, 
argent.  Second,  Or,  a  hand  coupee,  fess-ways,' 
gules,  holding  a  cross  croslet,  fi tehee,  in  pale,' 
azure.  Third,  Or,  a  lymphad  sable.  Fourth, 
parted  per  foss,  argent,  and  vert,  to  represent  the 
sea,  oat  of  which  issucth  a  rock,  gules.  Supporters, 
two  large  fishes* 






THIS  brave  and  heroic  surname  is  originally 
descended  from  that  of  Fitzgirald,  in  Ireland,  be^ 
ing  once  the  most  potent  surname  of  any  other9 
of  English  extract,  in  that  kingdom.  Speed,  and 
other  English  historians,  derive  the  genealogy  of 
the  Fitzgiralds  from  Seignior  Giraldo,  a  principal 
officer  under  William  the  Conqueror,  at  his  con- 
quest of  England,  anno  1066.  This  Giraldo  got 
from  the  conqueror  the  lordship  of  Windsor,  from 
which  he  was  afterwards 'designed  of  Windsor, 
as  were  his  posterity,  from  his  proper  name  Fitz- 
giralds, or  Giraldsons.  Maurice  Fitzgirald,  grand- 
child to  this  first  Girald,  by  orders  of  Strongbow, 
earl  of  Pembroke,  with  four  hundred  and  ninety 
men,  in  the  year  1169,  went,  in  aid  of  Dermud 
MacMurcho,  provincial  king  of  Leinster,  to  Ire- 
land, being  the  first  Englishman,  who,  in  a  hostile 
manner,  invaded  that  kingdom,  whatever  Atwooc], 


and  other  obscure  Eoglisb  writers,  assert  to  the 
contrary :  the  ground  of  Fitzg^rald'^s  invasion  be- 
ing briefly  as  follows : 

In  the  reign  of  Roderick  Oooner,  last  principal 
king  of  Ireland,  the  said  Dermud  took  away,  by 
force,  Orork,  provindal  king  of  Meath^s  lady,  or 
queen,  which  injury  while  Orork  endeavoured  to 
resent,  he  and  his  party  were  defeated  by  the 
Leinstrians ;    in  which  exigence  having  recourse 
to  the  principal  king,  he  was  so  effectually  assisted 
by  hitn,  as  obliged  MacMurcho,  after  some  defeats,' 
to  abandon  Ireland,  and  betake  himself  to  the 
court  of  king  Henry  II.  of  England,  to  whom,  re- 
lating his  misfortune,  he  implored  his  aid  for  re- 
covering his  principality,  which,  upon  being  done, 
he  offered  to  resign  in  his  favour.     King  Henry 
being  a  prince  who  measured  the  justice  of  most 
causes,  if  in  any  way  beneficial  to  him,  by  the 
length  of  his  sword,  would  willingly  have  complied 
with  MacMurcho'^s  request,  had  he  not  been  en- 
gaged in  a  war  with  France.    However,  he  issued 
out  proclamations  authorizing  any  of  his  subjects, 
that  pleased  to  adventure  in  behalf  of  that  justly 
distressed  prince,  promising  to  maintain  them  in 
possession  of  what  they  could  acquire  in  that  king- 
dom;   upon  which  Richard   Strongbow,   earl   of 
Pembroke,  a  nobleman,  no  less  powerful  than  po- 
pular, in  Wales,  condescended  to  go  to  Ireland, 
with  Dermud,  upon  condition  that,  upon  recovery 
of  Leinster,  he  should  give  him  the  same,  and  his 
only  daughter  in  marriage,  which  being  readily 
agreed  to,  Pembroke  sent  first  over  Maurice  Fitz- 
^ald,  as  already  mentioned,  and  went  afterwards 

68  ACCOUNT  07  THX 

himself,  with  greater  forces;  and^having  defeated 
die  Irish  ia  a  conflict,  recovered  Leinster,  and 
married  MacMurcho's  daughter.  King  Henry 
hearing  of  bis  subjects'*  success,  patched  up  a 
peace  with  France,  and,  in  the  year  1170,  or,  as 
others,  1171,  went  over  into  that  kingdom,  with 
an  army  of  twenty  thousand  men,  and,  by  the  as* 
dstance  of  the  treacherous  Leinstrians,  obtained  a 
victory  over  Oconor,  the  principal  king,  who  in  a 
short  time  thereafter  died*  After  his  death  the 
king  of  England  settled  his  conquest  of  that  king- 
dom, as  the  same  has  continued  ever  since,  not« 
withstanding  of  the  many  efforts,  at  divers  junc-^ 
tures,  used  by  the  native  Irish  ior  shaking  off 
that  yoke. 

The  family  of  Strongbow,  in  a  little  time,  be- 
came extinct,  to  which,  in  grandeur,  succeeded 
that  of  Fitzgirald,  being  divided  into  two  power- 
ful  Ifamilies,  the  earls*  of  Desmond  and  Kildare, 
concerning  each  of  which  two  I  shall  relate  a  cer- 
tain remarkable  passage,  ere  I  proceed  to  my  de» 
signed  subject.  The  first  is  in  relation  to  that  of 
Desmond,  of  which  family  were  seven  brethren,  in 
the  beginning  of  the  reign  of  queen  Elizabeth,  or 
rather  queen  Mary,  of  England,  who,  being  ac« 
cased  of  some  practices  against  the  government, 
were,  by  the  queen's  orders,  carried  into  England, 
and  relying  either  on  their  innocence,  or  the  inter* 
position  of  powerful  friends,  appeared  very  cheer- 
ful for  some  hours  after  they  went  on  board,  till 
at  length  enquiring  at  the  captain  the  name  of  the 
ship,  they  were  told  it  was  named  the  Cow ;  upoa 
hearing  of  which  they  all  fell  apweeping ;  the  rea- 


son  of  i^hich  sudden  change  being  demanded  by 
the  captain,  he  was  told  there  was  an  old  prophecy 
among  the  Irish,  that  seven  brethren,  the  most 
noble  of  the  kingdom,  should  be  at  once  carried  to 
England,  in  the  belly  of  a  cow,  none  of  which 
should  ever  return,  and  now,  though  the  thing  ap- 
peared to  be  very  ridiculous,  they  were  afraid  that' 
it  would  be  accomplished ;  as  accordingly  it  was, 
none  of  them  having  ever  returned,  some  of  them 
Imnished,  others  executed,  and  their  estate  fore- 
faulted>  so  that,  in  a  short  time,  that  flourishing 
family  was  ruined.  The  other,  relating  to  EiU 
dare,  is,  that  in  the  reign  of  king  Henry  VII.  of 
England,  that  earl  was  very  ungovernable,  against 
whom  frequent  complaints  were  made  to  the  king» 
concluding  with  this,  that  all  Ireland  could  not 
govern  the  earl  of  Eildare.  Then,  said  the  king, 
shall  that  earl  govern  all  Ireland.  Upon  which 
he  sent  him  a  commission  for  being  lieutenant  of 
that  kingdom,  which  unexpected  favour  had  such 
effect  upon  him,  that  he  continued  afterwards  a 
very  dutiful  and  loyal  subject  to  that  king. 

There  are  divers  other  good  families  of  this 
kingdom  descended  of  those  two  honourable  fami* 
lies,  as  the  MacEenzies,  of  Colin  Fitz^rald,  son 
to  the  second  earl  of  Desmond,  who,  for  his  ser- 
vice at  the  battle  of  Largs,  against  the  Danes, 
anno  1264,  obtained  from  king  Alexander  III. 
the  lands  of  Kintail,  from  whose  son,  Kenneth^ 
the  MacEenzies  are  denominated,  by  contraction 
instead  of  Eennethsons.  The  Adairs,  and  divers 
others,  are  also  descended  of  the  Fitzgiralds ;  as 
are  the  MacLbans,  so  termed  contractiedly,  but 


mere  properly  MacGillealns,  Fitzgirald,  brolheri 
as  some  say,  to  Colin,  ancestor  of  the  MacKenziea» 
But  others,  with  more  probability,  assert  this  Gil- 
lean  to  have  been  a  son  of  theeari  of  Kildare,  airid, 
either  aft,  or  in  a  little  tine  after  bis  cousiti^s  <^m« 
ing,  to  have  come  to  Scotland,  wbere^  felling 
into  great  favour  with  MacDonald^  lotd  of.  the 
Isles,  he  obtiuned  from  biia  the  lands .  of  Ai:^^ 
afterwards,  in  a  small  time,  Ae  whole  isles  of 
Mult,  Tyree,  Cdl,  aiid  others,  being  a  vei'y  large 
estate.  While  the  family  <t  MacDonald  continued 
in  grandeur,  MacLean  was  always  his  lieutenant 
in  martial  expeditions,  as  in  the  battle  of  Harbw, 
in  which  MacLean,  and  Irwin  of  Df  unl>  Upon 
aocouTit  of  some  ancient  quarrel  betwixt  tbrir  &• 
milies,  and  having  no  knowledge  of  one  anolher 
till  they  bad  got  it  from  thdr  ahntirial  bearings, 
or  coats  of  arms,  painted,  as  was  usual  iii  those 
times,  upon  their  shields^  engaged  hand  to  hand, 
and  died  both  upon  the  spot. 

MacLean,  with  bis  naiiie  and  dependants,  wi» 
at  the  battles  of  Flowdon  and  Pinky;  as  was 
Hector  Maclean,  and  his  re^ment,  consisting  of 
MX  hundred  men,  at  the  conflict  of  Innerkeithing^ 
m  the  reign  of  king  Charles  II.  in  which  he,  and 
his  regiment,  after  a  valiant  resistance,  were  killed 
by  the  English,  few  or  none  escaping.  This  sur* 
name  has  been  known>  for  some  ages  bygone,  in 
bravery  and  loyalty,  to  b^  inferior  to  no  otherof 
diis  kingdom.  The  laird  of  MaeLean^s  estate 
was  evicted  for  debt,  by  the  present  duk«  of  Ar» 
gylPs  grandfather,  and  is  now  in  the  duke's  hands. 
Hector,  the  present  laird,  is  abroad.    The  princi* 


pal  residence  of  the  Maclean  is  the  strong 
.  castle  of  Dowfirti)  situated  upon  the  north  shore  of 
the  Isle  of  Mull.  There  was  another  impregnable 
fort  belonging  to  this  femilyt  at  a  little  distance 
from  MoU^  called  Kerniburg. 

Tbe  next  to  the  laird  of  MacLean,  is  MaoLean 
of  Brolois.  The  person  of  best  estate  now,  of 
that  name,  is  MacLean  of  Lochboy,  who  hath  a 
good  castle  and  estate  in  Mull.  There  is  MacLean 
of  Goll»  being  a  considerable  island  at  some  leagues 
distant  from  Moil.  There  is  also,  upon  the  oppo- 
site continent  to  MuU^  a  gentleman  of  good  ao> 
count)  designed  MacLean  of  Ardgower.  He  is 
designed  ordinarily  MacMhicewin,  or  the  son  of 
Hugbson,  his  ancestor,  a  soA  of  the  laird  of  Ma<y 
luean,  being  properly  named  Hugh.  There  «re 
also  a  great  number  of  other  gentlemen  of  that 
name  in  those  parts.  There  is  a  gentleman^ 
termed  MacGuire,  of  Uluva,  being  a  pretty  large 
isle  to  the  south-west  of  Mull,  of  which  this  gen* 
tleman  is  proprietor,  and  was  a  dependant  upon  the 
family  of  MacLean  while  in  a  flourishing  condi« 
lion,  but  since  the  decline  of  that  family,  continues 
peaceable  in  his  own  island,  not  much  concerned 
with  any  affairs  that  occur  in  any  other  part  of 
this  kingdom.  There  is  in  Athole,  and  other  nor- 
thern places,  a  sept  termed  the  MacOlays,  som6 
of  which  are  in  Stirlingshire,  termed  MacLay^ 
descended  also  of  the  family  of  MacLean. 

Divided  by  a  small  arm  of  the  sea  from  the  west 
point  of  Mull,  is  the  isle  Jona,  or  I-colm-kill,  fa- 
mous for  tbe  ancient  monastery  and  church  situa- 
ted therein^  and  no  less  so  upon  account  of  tbe 


burial-place  of  forty-eight  of  our  Scottish  kings, 
i^ith  divers  of  the  kings  of  Ireland  and  Ncnrway, 
as  also  of  most  of  the  piincipal  families  of  our 
Highland  clans.  The  ruins  of  these  once  stately 
edifices  and  monuments  evince  their  beauty  when 
in  repair.  There  are  two  singular  kinds  of  stones 
to  be  found  there,  of  which  are  a  great  many 
tombs  and  crosses,  and  which  composes  the  very 
mould  round  that  church,  and  of  which  consists  a 
great  deal  of  the  more  ornamental  parts  of  all  these 
structures ;  the  one  of  them  being  of  a  crimson- 
red  colour,  the  other  white,  the  nature  of  which 
dannot  be  easily  discovered.  These  stones,  in  out- 
ward  appearance^  resemble  marble,  but  are  much 
harder,  and  not  so  brittley  and  are  somewhat  po- 
rous, and  fully  as  light  as  any  ivory  or  ebony. 
There  is  none  of  that  kind  of  stone  to  be  found  in 
any  other  part  of  Britfdn  or  Ireland,  but  only  in 
that  island,  and  in  another  little  ruinous  churchy 
dedicated  to  St  Colm,  close  by  the  Mule  of  Slin- 
tyre,  called  KilchoUumkill. 

The  laird  of  MacLean,  for  armorial  bearing,  hath 
four  coats,  quarterly.  First,  argent  a  rock  gules. 
Second,  argent  a  dexter  hand  fess-ways,  couped 
gules,  holding  a  cross  crosslet  fitchee,  in  pale  azure. 
Third,  Or,  a  lymphad,  sable.  Fourth,  argent^  a 
salmon  naiant  proper,  in  chief,  t\\  o  eagles  heads 
erased  a  fronte,  gules.  Crest,  a  tower  embattled, 
argent.  Motto,  Virtue  mine  Htmour.  Supporters 
on  a  compartment.     Vert,  two  selchs  proper. 





THE  origin  of  the  surname  of  MacLeod^ 
is  evidently  found,  and  by  that  name  always  ac- 
knowledged, to  be  Danish,  one  of  the  ancestors 
of  the  same  in  king  William'^s  reign,  being  the 
king  of  Denmark  or  Norway'^s  vicegerent  over 
the  isles,  belonging  to  that  king,  along  the  coasts 
of  Scotland,  from  whose  proper  name  of  Leodius, 
that  surname  derived  the  denomination  of  Mac- 
Xicods.  From  two  sons  of  Leodius,  called  Toiv 
quil,  and  Norman,  that  surname  was  divided  for  a 
considerable  time  into  two  principle  families  of 
Siol  Torquil,  and  Siol  Tormaild,  or  the  progeny 
of  Torquil,  and  Norman.  The  first  of  these  was 
proprietor  of  Lewis,  and  the  second  of  Harrise, 
from  which  two  estates  these  families  were  designed. 
Which  families,  at  the  expulsion  of  the  rest  of  their 
countrymen  by  king  Alexander  III.  were  in  such 
favour  with  the  king,  and  some  of  his  principal 
nobility,  that  they  were  allowed  to  continue  in  pos- 


session  of  their  large  estates,  and  also  obtained  the 
benefit  of  being  naturalized.  After  which  they  con- 
tinued for  divers  ages  in  a  flourishing  condition,  till 
in  the  reign  of  king  James  VI.  that  MacLeod  of 
Lewis  had  the  misfortune  of  falling  into  some  dis- 
loyal practices,  for  which  he  was  forfeited.  King 
James  having  a  design  of  civiliaing  and  improving 
that  large  and  fertile  island,  thought  that  a  fit  op- 
portunity of  falling  on  that  project,  and  in  order 
thereto,  gave  a  grant  of  the  Lewis  to  certain  gen- 
tlemen of  the  shire  of  Fife,  for  payment  of  a  small 
sum  of  feu-duty,  and  some  other  casualties.  Mac- 
Leod of  Lewis  dying,  these  gentlemen  thought  to 
get  their  design  with  all  facility  accomplished,  but 
were  very  far  disappointed ;  for  notwithstaoding 
that  they  built  pretty  good  houses  near  one  ano- 
ther, in  the  form  of  a  village,  for  their  mutual 
defence,  yet  Murdo  MacLeod,  bastard  son  to 
MacLeod  of  Lewis,  with  some  of  his  father^s  ten- 
ants and  dependants,  assaulted  the  Fife  lairds,  io 
their  village,  and  having  fired  their  houses,  obliged 
them  all  to  become  his  prisoners,  and  for  preser- 
vation of  their  lives,  to  swear,  that  with  the  utmost 
diligence  they  would  abandon  the  island,  and 
never  return,  which  was  punctually  performed* 
The  king  finding  this  method  would  not  do,  gave 
in  a  short  time  thereafter  a  grant  of  the  liewis  to 
the  earl  of  Seaforth,  who,  with  his  dan,  reskUag 
upon  the  opposite  continent,  obtained  possession 
thereof,  and  the  more  easily,  in  regard  the  aaid 
Murdo  MacLeod  died  about  that  time ;  after  which, 
for  security  of  his  possession,  Seaforth,  or,  as  odiers 
say,  one  of  his  sons,  married  a  daughter  of  the  last 


MacLeod  of  Lewis,  and  retained  possession  of  that 
estate  in  all  time  thereafter  without  disturbance. 
Since  the  extinction  of  the  family  of  Lewis»  the 
principal  person,  and  chief  of  that  surname,  is 
MacLeod  of  Harrise,  being  a  gentleman  of  the 
greatest  estate  of  any  of  our  Highland  clans ;  his 
principal  residence  is  the  strong  castle  of  Dunve- 
gan  in  Sky,  in  which  isle  the  most  part  of  his  nu- 
merous clan  reside,  of  whom  are  a  great  number 
of  gentlemen  of  good  account. 

The  person  of  that  name  (for  any  thing  I  can 
find)  next  to  MacLeod^s  family,  is  MacLeod  of 
Tallisker.  Those  of  other  denominations,  descend- 
ed of  that  surname,  are  the  MacGillechollums,  the 
chief  of  which  is  MacGillechoUum  of  Raarsa,  a 
considerable  island  near  Sky.  He  hath  a  pretty 
numerous  clan,  not  only  in!  those  parts,  but  also 
in  the  shires  of  Perth,  and  Argyll,  though  some 
in  the  last  of  these  shires  term  themselves  Mac« 
Callums,  pretending  to  be  Campbells ;  but  it  is 
generally  thought  these  are  led  so  to  do,  more  by 
interest  than  by  justice,  there  being  no  satisfying 
reason  given  by  tbem  of  their  being  a  diflferent 
stem  from  those  others  of  that  name,  who  own 
themselves  to  be  MacLeods.  The  second  sept  de- 
scended of  the  MacLeods,  is  the  MacCriomans^ 
wl^reof  there  are  divers  in  the  above-mentioned 
twa  shires.  The  third  sept  is  that  of  the  Mao» 
Lewis,  some  of  which  are  in  the  shire  of  Stirling. 

MacLeod  carries  for  arms,  azure,  a  castle  triple 
towered,  and  embattled,  argent,  masoned  saUe»^ 
and  iUuminated  galoa^ 




or  THE 

Macintoshes  and  MacPhersans. 

THE  surname  of  MacIktosh,  as  a  genealogical 
account  thereof  in  my  hands,  and  all  other  accounts 
of  the  same,  assert,  is  descended  of  that  ancient 
and  heroic  family  of  MacDuff,  thane  and  after* 
wards  earl  of  Fife.  The  ancestor  of  that  name, 
according  to  the  above  account,  was  Sheagh,  or 
Shaw  MacDuff,  second  son  to  Constantine,  third 
earl  of  Fife,  and  great-grandchild  to  Duncan  Mao* 
Duff,  last  thane,  and  first  earl  of  Fife  of  that  name. 
This  Shaw  MacDuff  went  with  king  Malcolm  IV. 
as  one  of  his  captains  in  that  expedition  he  made 
against  the  rebellious  Murrays,  and  other  inhabi- 
tants of  Murray  land,  in  the  year  1 163.  After 
the  suppression  of  that  rebellion,  Shaw  MacDuff, 
in  reward  of  bis  eminent  service  upon  that  occasion, 
obtained  from  the  king  the  constableship  or  go- 
vernment of  the  castle  of  Inverness,  with  ccMisidera- 
ble  interest  in  land  in  Peaty,  Breachly,  and  other  ad- 

ACCOimT  OV  tHfi  MACINTOSHES,  &C.  77 

jaoent  places  to  that  castle,  with  the  forestry  of  the 
forest  of  Straithherin,  all  which  family  belonged  to 
some  of  the  rebels.  The  country  people  of  those 
partSy  upon  notice  of  Shawns  descent,  gave  him  the 
name  of  Maclntoshich,  or  thane's  son,  the  old  title 
of  thane,  by  which  his  ancestors  were  so  long  de« 
signed,  obUuning  more  among  the  vulgar  than  the 
new  one  of  earl  so  lately  brought  into  use.  So  that 
he  continued  not  only  himself  to  be  so  denominated 
always  thereafter,  but  transmitted  the  same  as  a  sur* 
name  to  his  posterity,  which  is  yet  retained;  though, 
as  it  would  seem,  there  was  one  of  his  sons,  who, 
instead  of  Macintosh,  cboosed  rather  to  derive  his 
surname  from  this  Shawns  proper  name,  being  an- 
eestor  of  the  ShawsofRothemurchasin  Badenoch, 
one  of  whose  sons,  called  Ferquhard  Shaw,  having 
settled  in  Mar,  was  ancestor  of  the  Ferquhardsons 
there,  the  principal  person  of  which  is  Ferquhard- 
son  of  Innercauld,  a  gentleman  of  a  good  estate. 
There  are  also  Ferquhardsons  of  Inverray,  and  a 
good  many  more  gentlemen  of  that  surname  in 
those  parts.  These  are  termed  in  Irish,  MacEin- 
lays,  from  Finlay  Moir,  one  of  their  ancestors,  who 
bore  the  royal  standard  at  the  battle  of  Flowdon, 
or  Pinky,  in  which  he  was  killed.  There  are 
divers  gentlemen,  and  others  of  the  vulgar  sort, 
in  the  northern  parts,  who  retain  the  surname  of 
Shaw  ;  so  that  it  is  pretty  clear  our  southern  Shaws, 
of  which  Shaw  of  Greenock  is  chief,  are  of  the- 
same  stem. 

Angus,  the '  fifth  in  descent  from  Shaw  Mac- 
Duff,  married  the  only  daughter  and  heiress  of 
Gilpatriek,  son  of  Dougal  Dall,  or  Dougal  the 


blind,  son  of  Gilcattan,  in  the  year  1291.  This 
Gilpatrick  was  chief  of  the  tribe  of  clan  Chattan, 
whose  estate  and  chiefship  by  this  marriage  was 
conveyed  to  the  family  of  Macintosh,  whence  he 
was  for  a  long  time  designed  captmn  of  clan  Chat« 
tan.  The  principal  person  of  that  name,  next  to 
the  laird  of  Macintosh,  is  brigadier  Macintosh  of 
Borlum.  There  are  also  Macintoshes  of  Aberardor, 
Stron,  Connidge,  and  a  great  many  others  of  good 
account  of  that  numerous  surname.  Macintosh  of 
Monny  waird,  by  this  account,  is  reckoned  the  first 
cadet  of  the  family  of  Macintosh,  descended  of 
Edward,  son  to  the  second  laird  of  Macintosh^ 
about  the  year '1200;  but  Monny  waird  refuses 
this,  and  differs,  both  in  his  surname,  and  armorial . 
bearing,  from  the  other  Macintoshes,  always  de- 
signing himself  Toshach,  and  asserting  that  his 
ancestor  was  a  son  of  the  earl  of  Fife. 

The  clan  Chattan  derive  their  origin  from  the 
Chatti,  a  German  tribe,  which  is  said  to  come 
here  long  before  the  expulsion  of  the  Picts,  there 
being  no  other  ground  for  this  allegation,  than  the 
aiBnity  of  the  denomination  of  this  surname  to 
that  tribe.  But  the  account  of  the  family  of  Mac- 
intosh, with  more  probability,  derives  the  origin  of 
that  name,  MacCattan,  or  GilChattan,  from  Ire- 
land, and  so  to  be  accounted  an  ancient  Scottish 
name,  that  of  Cathan  being  an  ancient  Scottish 
proper  name  ;  as,  for  instance,  St.  Cathan,  one  of 
our  primitive  Scottish  christians,  or  siunts,  to 
whom  was  dedicated  the  priory  of  Ardchattan  in 
Lorn,  and  some  others  in  this  kingdom,  and  from 
the  proper  name  of  this  saint  was  named  Gillecat* 


tan,  as  Gillecollum  and  Gillepadrick  were  from 
the  proper  names  of  St.  Colm,  and  St.  Patrick, 
with  a  great  many  more  of  that  kind. 

The  prindipal  person,  or  chief,  of  the  clan  Chat- 
tan,  in  the  reign  of  king  David  I.  dying  without 
male  issue,  his  brother  Murdo,  in  Irish  termed 
Muriach,  parson  of  the  church  of  Kingusie  in  Ba- 
denoch,  was  assumed  by  the  clan  for  captain,  or 
chief,  who  had  two  sons ;  Gillecattan  his  successor, 
and  Ewan  Baan,  or  Hugh  the  fair,  his  second  son, 
who  had  three  sons;  Kenneth,  ancestor  of  the 
MacPbersons  of  Cluny,  John,  ancestor  of  Pit- 
mean,  and  Gilchrist,  ancestor  of  Inveressy.  Some 
of  this  Ewan  Baan^s  posterity  assumed  the  sur- 
name of  MacMurrich's,  or  Murdbsons,  from  their 
ancestor's  proper  name ;  others  of  them  MacPher- 
sons,  from  his  function ;  but  both  acknowledge 
one  chief,  being  MacPherson  of  Cluny,  whose  es- 
tate and  residence,  as  also  that  of  his  clan,  is  in 
Badenoch.  The  principal  person  of  that  clan, 
next  to  Cluny,  is  MacPherson  of  Nuid.  There 
are  also  MacPhersons  of  Inveressy,  Pitmean,  with 
a  good  many  other  gentlemen  of  both  the  above- 
mentioned  septs  in  Badenoch,  and  the  adjacent 
places,  being  accounted  so  many  of  the  best  men 
of  the  clans.  The  principal  residence  of  the  laird 
of  Macintosh  is  in  an  isle  of  a  loch  upon  the  bor- 
der of  Lochaber,  called  Lochmoy,  and  thence  the 
isle  of  Moy.  He  hath  another  castle  called  Del- 
ganross,  upon  the  north  side  of  the  river  of  Spey, 
in  the  head  of  Murray,  or  shire  of  Inverness. 


The  lurd  of  Macintosh  carries  quarterlj,  Or^ 
a  lion  rampant,  gules,  as  cadet  of  MacDuff. 
Second,  argent,  a  dexter  hand  couped  {es^wayg^ 
grasping  a  man's  heart,  pale-ways,  gules.  Third, 
azure,  a  beards  head,  couped.  Or.  Fourth,  Or,  a 
lymphad,  her  oars  ^^cted  in  saltyre,  sable,  upon 
account  of  the  marriage  with  the  heiress  of  clan 
Cbattan.  Crest,  a  cat  saliant  proper.  Supporters, 
two  cats,  as  the  former.  Motto,  Touch  not  the 
Cat  but  a  Glove. 

MacPherscm  of  Cluny  carries  parted  per  fess, 
Or,  and  azure,  a  lymjjiad,  or  g^dley,  her  sails 
furled,  her  oars  in  action  of  the  first :  in  the  dex* 
ter  chief  point  a  hand  coupee,  grasping  a  dagger 
pointing  upward,  gules,  for  killing  Cummine  lord 
Badenoeh :  in  the  sinister  point,  a  cross  orosslet, 
fitchee,  gules.  Motto  and  crest,  the  same  with 
those  of  Maelntosh. 





THE  surname  of  Robertson  is  descended  of 
one  Duncan  Crosda,  or  crossgrained,  a  son  of 
MacDonaldy  lord  of  the  isies,  about  the  reign  of 
king  William  the  Lyon ;  but  I  did  not  enumerate 
this  surname  among  the  descendants  of  other  de* 
nominations  of  that  family^  in  regard  that  of  Ro 
bertson  hath  for  divers  ages  been  reputed  a  dis- 
tinct surname,  and  had  no  dependance  upon  that 
of  MacDonald.  So  that  although  this  above  ac- 
count be  the  most  generally  received  in  relation  to 
the  descent  of  that  surname,  I  am  not  positive 
how  far  it  is  acquiesced  in  by  those  of  the  same* 
However,  this  surname  of  Robertson  ^hath  been  of 
good  repute  for  some  ages  bygone ;  those  of  that 
surname  are  in  Irish  termed  Clan  Donnochie,  or 
Duncansons,  so  denominated  from  the  proper  name 
of  their  ancestor ;  but  in  English  termed  Robert- 


SODS,  from  one  Robert,  chief  of  that  name,  who 
signalized  himself  very  much  in  the  reign  of  king 
James  I.  and  apprehended  Robert  Graham,  one 
of  that  king^s  murderers. 

The  surname  Skene  are  said  to  be  descended  of 
the  family  of  Strowan,  and  obtained  the  name  of 
Skene  for  killing  a  very  big  and  fierce  wolf,  at  a 
bunting,  in  company  with  the  king,  in  Stocket 
forest  in  Athole ;  having  killed  the  wolf  with  a 
dagger,  or  skene,  as  the  arms  and  .motto  of  that 
surname  clearly  evince.  Also  the*CoUiers  ai^e  of 
this  surname,  one  of  the  same  being  closely  pur- 
sued for  slaughter,  did  hide  himself  in  a  coal-pit, 
and  so  escaped.  Of  thi$  are  Collier,  earl  of  Port- 
more,  and  divers  others  of  good  account  in  Hol- 
land. Robertson  of  Strowan  is  chief  of  that  name. 
His  residence  is  with  most  of  his  dan  in  Athole, 
at  Strq Wan  castle* 

His  arms  are,  thr^e  wolf  heads  erased,  gules^ 
with  a  monstrous  man  in  chains,  for  compartment 
upon  account  of  one  of  his  ancestors  seiaing  tike 
above-mentioned  Robert  Graham. 





THE  laird  of  Macfablane  (whose  ftDcestOTy 
Gikfaristy  son  to  Aluin,  and  brother  to  Malduin, 
both  earls  of  Lennox,  obtained  the  lands  of  Arro- 
char  about  the  year  1200,  in  the  reign  of  king 
William,}  being  now  reputed  heir-male  of  that 
great  and  ancient  family,  it  will  not  be  amiss,  be* 
fore  I  proceed  to  give  an  account  of  bis  family,  to 
premise  something  concerning  the  antiquity  and 
origin  of  the  old  earls  of  Lennox,  from  whom  he 
baa  the  honour  to  be  descended. 

Peter  Wal^,  in  his  Animadversions  on  the  His- 
tory of  Ireland,  derives  their  descent  from  Mainus, 
son  of  Corus,  provincial  king  of  Leinster,  who  is 
said  to  have  come  to  Scotland,  in  the  reign  of  king 
Fincormachus,  and  to  h^ve  married  Mungenia, 
that  king^s  daughter.  This  Main  us  being  sur- 
named  Lemna,  the  estate  he  obtained  from  the 
said  king  was  called  Lemnich,.or  Lennox,  which 
in  after  ages  became  a  surname  to  his  posterity : 


but  this  account  seems  too  fabulous  to  deserve  any 

Our  own  antiquaries,  with  far  greater  probabi- 
lity, which  is  also  confirmed  by  a  constant  and  in- 
violable tradition,  derive  the  origin  of  this  ancient 
family  from  Aluin,  or  Alcuin,  a  younger  son  of 
Kenneth  III.  king  of  Scotland,  who  died  in  the 
year  994.  From  this  Aluin  descended,  in.  a  direct 
male  line,  Arkil,  who  was  contemporary  with  king 
Edgar,  and  king  Alexander  I.  and  seems  to  have 
been  a  person  of  considerable  note  in  both  these 

His  son,  Aluin  MacArkill,  i^^e.  the  son  of  Arkill, 
ad  he  is  designed  in  old  charters,  was  a  great  fa^ 
vourite  at  court,  in  the  reigns  of  king  David,  and 
Malcolm  IV.  as  is  evident  from  his  being  so  fre^ 
quently  witness  to  the  grants  and  donations  of 
both  these  princes  to  churches  and  abbacies,  par- 
ticularly to  the  church  of  Glasgow,  *  and  the  ab- 
bacy of  Dunfermline,  f 

His  son  and  successor,  called  also  Aluin,  next 
earl  of  Lennox,  was,  according  to  the  devotion  of 
those  times,  a  liberal  benefactor  to  the  church,  for 
he  mortified  the  lands  of  Cochnach,  Edinbamet, 
Dalmenach,  with  a  great  deal  of  other  lands,  to 
the  old  church  of  Kilpatrick,  in  honour  of  St.  Pa- 
trick. }  Which  mortification  is  on  very  good 
grounds  supposed  to  have  been  made  before  the 
foundation  of  the  abbey  of  Paisley,  anno  1160. 

*  Extract  of  the  Register  of  Glasgow.— -f  Chartulaiy  of 
Dunfermline.  See  also  Sir  James  Dahymple's  Historical  Col- 
lections.—j:  B^isier  of  Dunbarton^ 


This  carl  Aluin  left  issue,  (besides  others  whose 
posterity  is  long  since  extinct,)  two  sons ;  Mal- 
duin  his  successor  in  the  earldom,  and  Gilchrist, 
ancestor  to  the  laird  of  MacFarlane.  Maldiiin 
was  succeeded  by  his  son  Malcolm,  and  he  again 
by  his  son  of  the  same  name,  who  was  father  to 
Donald,  the  last  earl  of  Lennox  of  that  family, 
whose  only  daughter,  Margaret,  was  married  to 
Walter  Stewart  of  Faslane,  son  to  Allan  of  Fas- 
lane,  second ,  son  to  Stewart,  lord  Dartily.  The 
old  family  of  Lennox  being  thus  extinct  for  want 
of  male  issue,  and  having  produced  no  cadets  since 
Gilchrist  came  off  the  same,  it  is  pretty  eriderit 
that  the  laird  of  MacFarlane  is  latest  cadet,  and 
consequently  heir-male  of  that  ancient  family. 
Having  thus  cleared  my  way,  I  proceed  to  the  ac« 
count  of  the  surname  of  MacFarlane* 

Gilchrist,  ancestor  to  the  laird  of  MacFarlane, 
obtained,  by  the  grant  of  his  brother  Malduin, 
earl  of  Lennox,  terras  de  superiort  Arrochar  de 
Luss,  very  particularly  bounded  in  the  original 
charter,  which  is  afterwards  confirmed  in  the  re- 
cords of  the  privy  seal.  *  Which  lands  of  Arro- 
char, so  bounded,  have  continued  ever  since  with 
his  posterity,  in  a  direct  male  line,  to  this  day. 
This  Gilchrist  is  witness  in  a  great  many  charters, 
granted  by  his  brother  Malduin,  the  earl  of  Len- 
nox, to  his  vassals,  particularly  to  one  granted,  hj 
the  sjud  earl  of  Lennox,  to  Anselan,  laird  of  Buch- 
anan,  of  the  isle  of  Clareinch  in  Lochlomond,  dated 
in  the  year  1226.     As  also  to  another,  granted,  by 

*  Cliarta  in  Rotulis  Privati  Sigilli. 


the  said  earl  of  Lennox,  to  William,  son  of  Arthur 
Galbreath,  of  the  two  Carrucates  of  Badernock* 
dated  at  Fintry,  anno  1238.  In  both  which  char- 
ters he  is  designed  *'  Gilchrist  Frater  Comitis.^ 

He  left  issue,  a  son,  Duncan,  designed  in  old 
charters  ^<  Duncan  Filius  Gilchrist,  or  MacGil- 
christ,'*  who  had  a  charter  from  Malcolm,  earl  of 
liCnnox,  whereby  the  said  earl  ratifies  and  con- 
firms DofiafiVmem  tiOam  qiiam  Malduinus,  Avus  mens 
Comes  de  hennoxy  fecit  Gilchrist  Fratri  suoj  de  terris 
de  guperiori  Arrochar  de  Luss.  This  Duncan  is 
intness  in  a  charter,  by  Malcolm,  earl  of  Lennox, 
to  Michael  MacEessan,  of  the  lands  of  Garchel 
and  Ballet.  He  married  his  own  cousin,  Matilda, 
daughter  to  the  earl  of  Lennox,  by  whom  he  had 
Maldonich,  or  Malduin,  his  successor,  concerning 
whom  there  is  little  upon  record, 

Malduin^s  sou  and  successor  was  Partholan,  or 
Parian,  from  whose  proper  name  the  family  ob- 
tiuned  the  patronimical  surname  of  MacPbarlane, 
or  Parlansons,  being,  as  is  asserted,  for  three  de- 
scents before  the  assumption  of  this,  surnamed 
MacGilchrists,  from  Gilchrist  already  mentioned. 
Some  of  these  last  have  retained  that  surname  as 
yet,  who  nevertheless  own  themselves  to  be  cadets 
pf  the  family  of  MacFarlane. 

Parian  was  succeeded  by  his  son  Malcolm  Mac- 
Pbarlane, who  got  a  charter  from  Donald,  earl  of 
Lennox,  upon  the  resignatipn  of  his  father  Parian, 
aon  to  Malduin,  ^  wherein  he  is  confirmed,  by  the 
said  earl,  in  the  lands  of  Arrochar,  formerly  called 

*  Register  of  Dunbartouu, 


the  Carrucate  of  MacGilchrist,  together  with  four 
isles  in  Lochlomond,  called  Island-vow,  Island* 
vanowy  IsIand-row-glasS}  and  Clang,  for  four  merks 
of  feu-duty,  and  service  to  the  king's  host.  Al- 
though this  charted,  as  many  other  ancient  ones, 
wants  a  date,  yet  it  is  clearly  evident,  that  it  was 
prior  to  another,  granted  by  the  same  earl,  to  the 
said  Malcolm,  laird  of  MacFarlane,  whereby  the 
earl  discharges  him  and  his  heirs  of  the  four  merks 
of  feu-duty,  payable  by  the  former  charter,  both 
for  by-gones,  and  for  the  time  to  come.  This  is 
dated  at  Bellach,  May  4th,  1354.  * 

To  Malcolm  succeeded  his  son  Duncan,  sisith 
laird  of  MacFarlane,  who  obtiuned  from  DuncaU 
earl  of  Lennox,  a  charter  of  the  said  lands  of  Ar« 
rochar,  in  as  ample  manner  as  his  predecessors 
held  the  same,  which  is  dated  at  Inchmirin,  in  the 
year  1395.  -f-  This  Duncan,  laird  of  MacFarlane, 
was  married  to  Christian  Campbell,  daughter  to 
Sir  Colin  Campbell  of  Lochow,  sister  to  Duncan, 
first  lord  Campbell,  ancestor  to  the  present  duke 
of  Argyll.  For  clearing  of  this,  there  is  still  ex- 
tant, in  the  Register  of  Dunbartoun,  a  charter,  by 
Duncan,  earl  of  Lennox,  confirming  a  life-rent 
charter,  granted,  by  Duncan,  laird  of  MacFarlane, 
in  favour  of  Christian  Campbell,  daughter  to  Sir 
Colin  Campbell  of  Lochow,  his  wife,  of  the  lands  of 
Clanlochlong,  Inveriuchi  Glenluin,  Port-cable,  &c. 
This  charter  is  dated  also  in  the  year  1395. 

For  brevity^s  sake  I  omit  giving  an  account  of 
this  -Duncan^s  successors  for  several  descents,  it 

*  Register  of  Duubartouu.— f  Ibid. 


being  sufficient  for  my  present  purpose  to  take 
notice  that,  in  the  reign  of  king  James  IV.  Sir 
John  MacFarlane  of  that  ilk,  married  a  daughter 
of  the  lord  Hamilton^  by  whom  he  had  two  sons  ; 
Andrew  his  successor,  and  Robert  MacFarlane* 
first  of  the  branch  of  Inversnait  He  married, 
secondly,  a  daughter  of  the  lord  Herries,  by  whom 
he  had  Walter  MacFarlane  of  Ardliesh,  ancestor 
to  the  family  of  Gartartan.  To  Sir  John  Mac- 
Farlane  of  that  ilk,  succeeded  Andrew  his  son, 
who  married  lady  Margaret  Cunnipghame,  daugh- 
ter to  Williams  earl  of  Glencairn,  who  was  lord 
high  treasurer  in  the  reign  of  king  James  V.  By 
ber  he  had  issue,  Duncan  his  successor. 

This  Duncan,  Iiurd  of  MacFarlane,  was  one  of 
the  first,  of  any  account,  who  made  open  profes- 
sion  of  the  Christian  religion  in  this  kingdom.  He 
joined  the  earls  of  Lennox  and  Glencairn  at  the 
fight,  in  Glasgow-moor,  anno  1544?^  against  th^ 
earl  of  Arran,  who  was  governor  in  the  minority 
of  queen  Mary.  He  was  afterwards,  together^ 
with  severals  of  his  name  and  followers,  slain  va^ 
liantly  fighting  for  his  country  at  the  battle  of 
Pinky,  September  10th,  lUil^  leaving,  by  Anne 
his  wife,  daughter  to  Sir  John  Colquhoun  of  Lus8» 
only  one  son,  Andrew. 

This  Andrew,  laird  of  MacFarlane,  inherited 
not  only  his  father^s  estate,  but  also  his  jseal  for 
the  Protestant  religion,  which  he  evidently  showed 
on  several  occasions;  particularly  when  queen 
Mary,  after  her  escape  out  of  the  castle  of  Loch* 
leven,  endeavoured  to  re-establish  Popery,  and 
for  that  end  had  got  together  a  great  deal  of  forces : 

MAC7ilBLAirZf«  89 

he,  hearing  thereoT,  immedialelj  raised  no  lest 
than  five  hundred  of  bis  own  name  and  dependants, 
with  whom,  joining  the  earl  of  Marraj,  who  was 
then  regent,  they  encountered  queen  Mary^s  forces 
at  the  Tillage  of  Langside,  May  10th,  1568,  where 
the  laird  of  MacFarlane  and  his  name  behaved  so 
raliantly,  first  galling  and  then  putting  to  flight 
queen  Mary^s  archers,  that  they  were  acknowledged 
by  all  to  be  the  chief  occasion  of  obtaining  that 
glorious  victory.  *  In  conrideration  of  whidi  sig- 
nal piece  of  service,  in  defending  the  crown,  he  got, 
among  other  rewards,  that  honourable  crest  and 
motto,  which  is  still  enjoyed  by  his  posterity!  ▼iz. : 
a  demi'Savage  proper,  holding  in  his  dexter  hand 
a  sheaf  of  arrows,  and  pointing  with  his  sinister  to 
an  imperial  crown.  On  Motto,  TTn$  Pll  DeferuL 
He  married  Agnes  Maxwell  daughter  to  Sir  Patrick 
Maxwell  of  Newark,  by  whom  he  had  three  sons ; 
John  his  successor,  George  MacFarlane  of  Mains, 
who  got  a  disposition  from  his  father  to  the  Mains 
of  Kilmaromxrk,  but  died  without  issue,  and  Hum- 
phrey MacFarlane  of  Bracheum. 

John,  next  laird  of  MacFarlane,  married,  first, 
Susanna  Buchanan,  daughter  to  Sir  George  Buch- 
anan of  that  ilk,  her  mother  being  Mary  Graham, 
daughter  to  the  earl  of  Monteith,  by  whom  he  had 
no  issue.  He  married,  secondly,  Helen^  daughter 
to  Frauds  Steuart,  earl  of  Botbwell,  by  Margaret 
Douglas  his  wife,  daughter  to  the  earl  of  Angus, 
by  whom  he  had  Walter  bis  successor.    Thirdly, 

•  Petrie'5  Church  History.    Godscroft'i  UuUny  of  tlic 



be  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  to  the  earl  of  Ar« 
gyll,  by  whom  he  had  Andrew  MacFarlane  of 
Drumfady  John,  predecessor  to  George  MacFar« 
lane  of  Glenralach,  and  George,  ancestor  to  Mac- 
farlane  of  Clachan.  Fourthly,  he  married  Mar- 
garet, daughter  to  James  Murray  of  Strowan. 

His  son  and  successor  Walter  married  Margaret, 
daughter  to  Sir  James  Semple  of  Beltrees,  by 
whom  he  had  two  sons ;  John  his  successor,  and 
Andrew  MacFarlane  of  Ardess.  Which  John 
married  Grizel,  daughter  to  Sir  Coll  Lamond  of 
that  ilk,  by  Barbara  his  wife,  daughter  to  Robert, 
lord  Semple.  But  having  no  male  issue,  he  was 
succeeded  by  his  brother  Andrew,  next  laird  of 
MacFarlane,  who  marrying  Flizabeth,  daughter 
to  John  Buchanan  of  Ross,  had  by  her  two  sons ; 
John  his  successor,  and  Walter,  a  youth  of  great 
hopes,  who  died  unmarried.  John,  late  laird  of 
MacFarlane,  married,  first,  Agnes,  daughter  to 
Sir  Hugh  Wallace  of  Wolmet,  by  whom  he  had 
no  surviving  issue:  he  married,  secondly,  lady 
Helen  Arbuthnot,  daughter  to  Robert,  lord  vis- 
count of  Arbuthnot,  by  whom  he  had  three  sons ; 
the  present  laird  of  MacFarlane,  William,  and 

The  other  families  of  this  surname  are,  first, 
the  family  of  Clachbuy,  severals  of  which  are  dis- 
persed through  the  Western  Islands:  their  an- 
cestor was  Thomas,  son  to  Duncan,  laird  of  Mao* 
Farlane,  in  the  reign  of  king  Robert,  I II.  from 
whose  proper  name  they  are  frequently  called 
MacCauses,  or  Thomas-sons.  Secondly,  the  &- 
mily  of  Kenmore,  who  lire  pretty  numerous;  their 


ancestor  was  John,  a  younger  son  of  Duncan 
MacFarlane  of  that  ilk,  in  the  reign  of  king  James* 
I.  Of  this  family  is  Robert  MacFarlane  of  Achin- 
venalmore  in  Glenfroon,  James  MacFarlane  of 
Muckroy,  and  Walter  MacFarlane  of  Dunnama- 
nich  in  the  north  of  Ireland.  Thirdly,  MacFar- 
lane of  TuUichintaull,  whose  predecessor  was  Du* 
gal^  a  younger  son  of  Walter  MacFarlane  of  that 
ilk,  in  the  reign  of  king  James  III.  Of  this  fa- 
mily are  descended  John  MacFarlane  of  Finnart, 
Malcolm  MacFarlane  of  Gortan,  and  Mr.  Robert 
MacFarlane,  minister  of  the  gospel  at  Buchanan* 
Fourthly,  MacFarlane  of  Garlartan,  whose  family 
is  pretty  numerous  in  the  shire  of  Perth.  His  an- 
cestor was  Walter  MacFarlane,  eldest  son,  of  a 
second  marriage,  to  Sir  John  MacFarlane  of  that 
ilk,  by  bis  wife,  a  daughter  of  the  lord  Herries,  in 
the  reign  of  king  James  IV.  Of  this  family  is 
John  MacFarlane  of  Ballagan.  Fifthly,  MacFar- 
lane of  Kirktoun,  in  the  parish  of  Campsy,  and 
shire  of  Stirling,  whose  ancestor  was  George  Mac- 
Farlane of  Merkinch,  younger  son  to  Andrew, 
laird  of  MacFarlane,  in  the  reign  of  king  James 
V.  Which  George  went  afterwards  and  settled 
in  the  north,  where  his  posterity  continued  till 
they  bought  the  lands  of  Kirktoun.  Sixthly, 
there  is  also  one  Farlane  MacFarlane,  or  Mac- 
Walter,  of  little  Auchinvenal,  who  pretends  that 
hrs  ancestor  Walter,  was  a  natural  son  of  one  of 
the  earls  of  Lennox,  a  long  time  after  MacFar- 
lane came  off  that  family.  But  this  account  is 
controverted  by  the  laird  of  MacFarlane,  who  as- 
serts his  predecessor  to  bare  been  a  cadet  of  bis  fa- 


mily,  wliich  is  also  owned  by  all  the  surname  of 
MacWalter,  Aucbinvenal  himself  only  excepted, 
who  also  never  denied  it  till  of  late. 

The  surname  of  MacFarlane  is  very  numerous 
both  in  the  west  and  north  Highlands,  particularly 
in  the  shires  of  Dunbartoun,  Perth,  Stirling,  and 
Argyll ;  as  also  in  the  shires  of  Inverness^  and 
Murray,  and  the  Western  Isles ;  besides  there  is 
a  great  many  of  them  in  the  north  of  Ireland. 
There  is  also  a  vast  number  of  descendants  from, 
and  dependants  on,  this  surname  and  family,  of 
other  denominations,  of  which  those  of  most  ac- 
count are  a  sept  termed  Allans,  or  MacAUans,  who 
are  so  called  from  Allan  MacFarlane  their  prede- 
cessor, a  younger  son  of  one  of  the  lairds  of  Mac- 
Farlane, who  went  to  the  north,  and  settled  there 
several  centuries  ago.  This  sept  is  not  only  very 
numerous,  but  also  divers  of  them  of  very  good 
account,  such  as  the  families  of  Auchorrachan, 
Balnengown,  Drumminn,  &c  They  reside  mostly 
in  Mar,  Strathdon,  and  other  northern  countries. 
There  are  also  the  MacNairs,  MacEoins,  Mac- 
Errachers,  MacWilliams,  Mac  Aindras,  MacNiters, 
Maclnstalkers,  Maclocks,  Parians,  Farlans,  Grua- 
macbs,  Kinniesons,  &c.  All  which  septs  own 
themselves  to  be  MacFarlanes^  together  with  cer- 
tain particular  septs  of  MacNuyers,  MacKinlays, 
MacRobbs,  MacGreusichs^  Smiths,  Millers^  Mon- 
achs,  &c. 

The  Iwrd  of  MacFarlane  had  a  very  good  old 
castle  in  an  island  of  Lochlomond,  called  Island- 
row-glas,  which  was  burnt  by  the  English  during 
Cromweirs  usurpation,  and  never  since  repuredi 


He  has  also  another  pretty  good  house  and  gar- 
dens in  an  island  of  the  same  loch,  called  Island- 
vow.  But  his  principal  residence  is  at  Inverioch, 
or  New  Tarbet,  which  is  a  handsome  house,  beau- 
tified with  pleasant  gardens,  situated  in  the  parish 
of  Arrochar,  and  shire  of  Dunbartoun»  near  the 
head  of  that  large  loch^  or  arm  of  the  sea,  called 
I,Ax:h-long,  where  there  is  excellent  fishing  for 
herring,  and  all  other  sorts  of  sea-fish. 

The  laird  of  MacFarlane's  armorial  bearings  is 
Argent,  a  saltier  engrailed^  cantoned  with. four 
roses  gules,  which  is  the  arms  of  the  old  family  of 
Lennox.  Supporters,  two  Highlandmen  in  their 
native  garbs,  armed  with  broad  swords  and  bows 
proper.  Crest,  a  demi-savage,  holding  a  sheaf  of 
arrows  in  his  dexter  hand^  and  pointing  with  his 
^nister  to  an  imperial  crown,  Or.  Motto,  This  FU 
DtfmL  And  on  a  compartment,  the  word  Loch^ 
slfiy^  which  is  the  MacFarlane^s  slughorn,  or  Cm 
dc  Gticrrc* 



or  THE 


THE  most  ordinary  account  delivered  of  the 
origin  of  the  surname  of  Cameron  is,  that  in  the 
latter  part  of  the  reign  of  king  William,  or  the 
beginning  of  the  reign  of  king  Alexander  IL  a 
principal  person  of  those  Danes,  or  Norvegians, 
then  in  possession  of  most  of  our  northern  Scottish 
islesj  named  Cambro,  did  marry  the  daughter  and 
heiress  of  MacMartin,  proprietor  of  that  part  of 
Lochaber  now  possessed  by  Locheal,  chief  of  that 
surname  of  Cameron.  And  as  Macintosh  did  not 
change  his  surname  upon  his  marrying  the  heiress 
of  the  principal  person,  or  chief,  of  the  MacCat- 
tans,  but  instead  thereof  many  of  that  surname 
iveut  into  that  of  Macintosh  ;  so  also  in  this  case 
the  above-mentioned  Cambro  not  only  retained  his 
own  name,  upon  his  marriage  of  the  heiress  of  the 
principal  person,  or  chief,  of  the  MacMartins, 
a  very  old  clan  in  that  country,  but  also  (rom  his 


own  proper  name  transmitted  the  surname  of 
Cameron  to  his  posterity,  which,  in  a  tract  of  time, 
becoming  the  more  powerful,  the  whole  remains  of 
the  MacMartins  went  into  that  surname. 

I  find  it  asserted  in  the  genealogical  account  of 
the  surname  of  Campbell,  that  Sir  Neil  Campbell, 
who  flourished  in  a  part  of  the  reigns  of  king  Alex- 
ander III.  and  king  Robert  I.  for  his  second  lady, 
married  a  daughter  of  Sir  John  Cameron,  Locheal's 
ancestor.  But  that  account  cannot  hold,  in  re* 
gard  Sir  Neil  was  only  married  to  Mary  Bruce, 
sister  to  king  Robert,  who  survived  him,  and  was 
after  his  death  married  to  Fraser,  lord  Lovat  But 
others,  with  more  probability,  assert  that  Sir  John 
Cameron^s  daughter  was  second  lady  to  Sir  Colin, 
successor  to  Sir  Neil.  This  Sir  John  Cameron, 
upon  very  good,  grounds,  may  be  presumed  to 
have  been  one  and  the  same  with  him  designed 
John  de  Cambron,  or  of  Cameron,  who  was  one 
of  the  subscribers  of  that  letter,  sent  by  king  Ro- 
bert I.  and  his  nobles,  to  the  pope,  anno  1320. 

The  Camerons,  or  clan  Chameron,  seem  to  have 
been  a  name  of  considerable  antiquity  before  the 
reign  of  king  James  I.  in  regard  of  the  figure 
that  clan  made  in  that  king's  reign  ;  for,  being  in 
conjunction  with  Donald  Balloch,  brother  to  the 
lord  of  the  isles,  they,  with  very  considerable  loss, 
defeated  an  army  sent  against  them  by  the  king ; 
butf  in  A  short  time  thereafter,  the  desertion  of 
that  clan.  With  the  clan  Cbattan,  so  broke  Bal- 
locVs  mea3ures,  that  he  was  obliged  to  disband  his 
army,  and  flee  to  Ireland. 

The  C^jtmerons,  as  most  other  neighbouring 


clans,  while  the  family  of  MacDon^M  continued 
in  a  flourishing  condition,  were  dependants  on  the 
same :  but  after  the  extinction  of  that  great  family, 
each  of  these  clans  came  into  an  independent  state, 
setting  up  upon  all  occasions  for  themselves,  as  at 
this  pre^nt  time.  The  laird  of  Locheal,  in  the  latter 
part  of  the  reign  of  king  James  VI.  married  Camp- 
bell of  Glenorchy's  daughter,  aunt  to  the  late  earl 
of  Braidalbin.     Of  this  marriage  he  had  Sir  Ewan 
his  successor,  a  very  well  accomplished  gentleman, 
who  performed  a  great  many  signal  services  against 
the  English,  in  the  reigns  of  king  Charles  I.  and 
II.  having  defeated,  at  one  conflict,  with   very 
much  loss  to  the  enemy,  a  party  of  two  hundred 
English,  and  at  another  wholly  in  a  manner  cut 
ofi^  a  party  of  eighty,  there  escaping  only  two 
centinels.      In  one  of  these  adventures,  a  robust 
fellow  of  the  enemy  grappled  with  Sir  Ewan,  and 
tripped  up  bis  heels,  and  while  the  Englishman 
was  searching  for  his  dagger  to  stab  him,  Sir  Ewan 
got  hold  with  his  teeth  of  the  Englishman's  throat, 
and  in  a  few  minutes  deprived  him  of  his  life. 
Upon  the  Restoration  of  king  Charles  II.  he  be- 
stowed the  honour  of  knighthood  upon  that  gen- 
tleman, who  always  continued  faithful  to  his  in- 
terest.    This  Sir  Ewan  married  the  laird  of  Mac- 
L^n's  daughter,  by  whom  he  had  John  his  suc- 
cessor.    Secondly,  he  married  Barclay  of  Urie*s 
daughter,  by  whom  he  had  also  issue.      John, 
present  laird,  is  abroad ;  he  married  Campbell  of 
LochnelPs  daughter,  by  whom  he  had  Donald  his 
son,  and  several  other  children.     The  nearest  to 
that  family  is.  captain  Allan  Cameron,  brother  to 


Locheal,  who  is  also  abroad*  LocheaPs  principal 
residence  is  in  Auchincarry  in  Lochaber,  where 
he  hath  a  large  housey  all  built  of  fir  planks,  the 
handsomest  of  that  kind  in  Britain.  There  are 
also,  the  Camerons  of  Glendeshery,  Einlochlyonj 
and  a  good  many  more  gentlemen  of  considerable 
estates^  and  a  great  many  of  the  vulgar  sort  of 
this  surname  in  Morvern  and  Lochaber. 

The  dependants  on  this  surname  are  a  sept  of 
the  MacLauchlans,  the  MacGilveils,  MacLonveis, 
MacPhails,  and  MacChlerichs,  or  Clerks,  who, 
with  the  MacPhails,  or  Pauls,  are  originally  Came- 
rons, with  some  others.  There  is  also  MacMar- 
tin  of  Letterfinlay,  in  Lochaber,  being  the  princi- 
pal person  of  the  old  sept  of  the  MacMartins,  who, 
with  that  whole  sept,  own  themselves  now  to  be 
Camerons.  The  Camerons  also  contend  that  the 
surname  of  Chalmers  is  descended  of  a  cadet  of 
their  surname,  who,  having  gone  some  years  ago 
into  the  French  service,  assumed  the  name  of  Came- 
rarius,  or  Chalmers,  for  that  of  Cameron,  as  more 
agreeable  to  the  language  of  that  country.  One 
of  this  Chalmers's  progeny  having  continued  in 
France,  was  ancestor  to  the  lord  of  Tartas,  and 
others  of  that  name  in  that  kingdom :  another  of 
that  name  having  returned  to  Scotland,  was  an- 
cestor to  the  Chalmerses  of  the  shire  of  Aberdeen, 
and  other  parts  of  this  kingdom. 

The  Camerons  of  old,  as  some  heralds  record, 
carried  for  arms,  Or,  two  bars  gules.  But  now, 
argehtf  three  pallets  gules.  Or  as  some,  argent, 
pally  barry  gules ;  asIhaveseenasealofLocheal's 


,   AN 



THE  surname  of  MacLauchlan  hath  been  of 
a  long  time  reputed  one  of  our  ancient  clans,  be- 
ing originally  descended  of  the  surname  of  the 
OXauchlans  of  Ireland,  the  principal  person  of 
whom,  according  to  Mr.  Walsh,  and  other  Irish 
historians,  was,  in  the  second  century  of  the  chris- 
tian epocha,  provincial  king  of  the  province  of 
Meath)  which  dignity  his  successors  enjoyed  for 
many  descents,  till  some  little  time,  before  the  En-< 
glish  Conquest,  the  family  of  Orork,  obtained  that 
principality.  This  surname  is  asserted  to  be  of 
the  Milesian  stem,  or  that  of  the  ancient  kings  of 
Ireland,  and  the  progenitor  thereof  to  have  come 
to  Scotland  with  the  first  who  from  Ireland  plant- 
ed Argyllshire.  I  have  heard  some  of  this  name 
affirm,  that  the  laird  of  MacLauchlan  had  a  char- 
ter of  his  estate  from  king  Congallus  II.  but  can-* 
not  assent  too  far  to  any  such  assertion,  there  be- 

AtCOVIfT  OF  TH£  UAtLACGULATifS.-         99 

ing  no  evidences  of  that  antiquity  as  yet  found 
out,  at  leadt  any  mention  made  of  such,  in  any 
place  or  record  in  thislcingdom,  though  there  may 
be  a  traditional  account,  that  the  above  surname 
was  in  possession  of  their  estate  in  that  reign,  or 
before  the  same,  which  is  no  way  inconsistent  with 

The  laird  of  MacLauchlan,  chief  of  that  sui^- 
name's  estate  of  Strathlauchlan,  and  principal 
residence,  being  the  large  and  ancient  castle  of 
Castlelauchlan,  are  in  the  lower  part  of  Upper 
Cowal,  near  the  north  side  of  Lochfyne,  in  the 
shire  of  Argyll,  in  which  ihost  of  his  clan  re- 
side. The  next  to  that  family  is  Colin 'Mac- 
Lauchlan, the  present  laird  of  MacLauchlan's 
uncle.  There  are  also  the  MacLauchlans  of  Craig- 
intairrow,  Inchchonell,  and  divers  other  heritors  of 
that  surname  in  the  said. shire ;  as  also  MacLauch- 
lan of  Auchintroig,  in  the,  shire  of  Stirling,  in  fa- 
vour of  Celestin  Maclauchlan,  one  of  whose  ances- 
tors, Duncan,  earl  of  Lennox,  confirms  a  charter, 
granted  by  Eugen  MacEessan  of  Garchels,  to  one 
of  the  said  Celestin's  ancestors,  which  confirma- 
tion is  dated  in  the  year  1394,  and  eighth  year  of 
the  reign  of  king  Robert  III.  There  is  another 
numerous  sept  of  the  MacLauchlans  residing  in 
Morvern  and  Lochaber,  the  principal  person  of 
these  being  MacLauchlan  of  Corryuanan  in  Locha- 
ber. Of  this  family  is  MacLauchlan  of  Drum- 
lane  in  Monteith,  with  others  of  that  surname 
there.  Those  of  this  sept  residing  in  Lochaber, 
depend  upon  the  laird  of  Locheal,  as  already  men- 



MacLauchlan  for  Arms  hath  four  coats  quar- 
terly. First,  Or,  or  as  some,  argent,  a  lion  rana- 
pant  gules.  Second,  argent,  a  hand  coupee  fess- 
ways,  holding  a  cross  crosslet  fitchee,  gules.  ThircJ, 
Or,  a  galley,  her  oars  in  saltyre,  sable,  placed  in  a 
sea,  proper.  Fourth,  argent,  in  a  base  undee, 
vert,  a  salmon  naiant,  proper.  Supporters,  two 
roe-bucks  proper.     Motto,  Fortes  et  Fidus. 



or  TBB 


THE  surname  of  MacNauchtak,  though  now 
low,  hath  been  a  surname  of  very  great  antiquity, 
and  for  a  long  tract  of  time  of  much  esteemi  and 
possessed  of  a  very  considerable  estate  in  Argyll- 
shire. This  surname  was  so  denominated  from 
the  proper  name  of  Nauchtan,  being  that  of  one 
of  the  progenitors  of  the  same,  and  an  ancient 
Scottish  proper  name.  The  ancestors  or  chiefs  of 
this  surname  are  reported  to  be  for  some  ages  de» 
signed  thanes  of  Lochtay,  and  also  to  be  possessed 
of  a  great  estate  betwixt  the  south  side  of  Loch- 
fyne  and  Lochow,  parts  of  which  are  Glenera^ 
Grlenshira,  Glenfine,  and  others. 

The  first  of  this  name,  mentioned  in  our  pub- 
lic histories,  was  Duncan,  laird  of  MacNauchtan, 
an  assistant  of  MacDugal,  lord  of  Lorn,  against 
king  Robert  Bruce,  at  the  battle  of  Dalree,  for 
which  he  lost  a  part  of  his  estate  \  but  afterwards 


he,  or  gather  his  son,  was  a  loyal  subject  to  that 
king,  and  to  king  David  II.  his^  successor.  The 
present  laird  of  MacNauchtan^s  father,  Sir  Alexan- 
der MacNauchtan,  was  one  of  the  bravest  and  best 
accomplished  gentlemen  of  his  age,  and  a. very 
close  adherent  to  the  interest  of  king  Charles  L 
and  II.  in  all  their  difficulties ;  so  that,  in  recom- 
pence  of  that  gentleman^s  loyalty  and  signal  ser- 
vice, king  Charles  II,  at  his  restoration,  not  only 
bestowed  the  honour  of  knighthood  upon  him,  but 
also  a  liberal  pension  during  life,  the  latter  part 
of  whi^h  having  spent  at  court,  he  died  at  London. 

There  is  a  very  considerable  gentleman  of  this 
name  in  the  county  of  Antrim  in  Ireland,  whose 
ancestor  was  a  son  of  the  family  of  MacNauchtan. 
He  hath  a  good  estate  called  Benbardin,  and  a 
pretty  castle  in  which  he  resides,  there  being  also 
divers  of  his  name  residing  in  his  estate,  and  other 
parts  of  that  country.  Those  of  other  denomina- 
tions descended  of  this  surname,  are  the  MacEen- 
ricks,  descended  of  one  Henry  MacNauchtan ;  a 
sept  of  the  MacNuyers,  especially  those  of  Glen- 
fine  ;  the  MacNeits,  MacEols,  and  others.  It  is  a 
clear  demonstration  of  the  antiquity  of  a  surname, 
that  many  branches,  especially  of  other  denomina- 
tions, are  descended  off  the  same  ;  it  being  evident, 
that  in  order  of  nature  such  things  are  not  suddenly 
brought  to  any  bearing,  but  gradually,  aiid  in  a 
considerable  progress  of  time. 

Thepresent  laird  of  MacNauchtan  is  in  posses- 
sion of  no  part  of  his  estate,  the  same  being  evicted 
some  years  ago  by  creditors,  for  sums   no  way 

livalent  to  the  value  thereof,  and  there  being 


no  diligence  used  for  relief  thereof,  it  went  out  of 
the  hands  of  the  family,  MacNauchtan's  eldest 
son,  being  a  very  fine  gentleman,  was  a  captain  in 
the  Scottish  foot-guards,  and  was  sometime  ago 
killed  in  Spain;  his  only  surviving  son,  John, 
being  a  customhouse  officer  upon  the  eastern  coast. 
MacNauchtan^s  estate,  called  MacNauchtan's-Let- 
ter,  being  a  pretty  good  estate,  lyes  upon  the  west 
side  of  Lochfyne,  within  a  little  way  of  that  loch, 
in  the  shire,  of  Argyll.  His  principal  residence 
is  the  castle  of  Dundaraw,  situated  upon  a  little 
rocky  point,  upon  the  west  shore  oiF  Lochfynci 
contiguous  to  his  own  estate. 

The  armorial  bearing  of  the  laird  of  MacNauch- 
tan  is,  quarterly.  First  and  fourth  argent,  a  hand 
fess-ways  coupee,  proper,  holding  a  cross  crosslet 
fitchee,  azure,  Second  and  third  argent,  a  tower 
embattled,  gules,  and  a  demy  tower  for  crest 
Motto,  /  hope  in  God. 



or  THd 


THE  surname  of  MAcGaEeoRi  once  a  numerous 
name^  and  in  possession  of  divers  considerable  ea* 
tates^hatfa  of  a  long  tract  of  time  been  accounted  one 
of  the  ancient  Scottish  surnames,  or  clans,  being  de- 
nominated from  the  proper  nameof  Gregor,  ances- 
tor of  that  surname,  being  a  known  ancient  proper 
Scottish  name.  Those  of  this  surname  assert  their 
progenitor  to  have  been  a  son  of  one  of  jthe  Scottish 
kings  of  the  Alpinian  race,  more  especially  of  king 
Gregory ;  but  our  historians  are  generally  agreed 
that  king  Gregory  never  married,  and  was  not 
known  to  have  any  issue,  either  legitimate  or  ille- 
gitimate. However  that  be,  that  this  surname  is 
descended  from  one  properly  so  called,  a  son,  or 
some  other  descendant  of  another  of  the  kings  of 
Alpinian  race,  is  no  way  inconsistent  with  proba- 
bility. But  that  surname  having  lost  their  estates 
at  different  junctures,  and  by  various  contingences, 


is  a  mean  of  the  loss  also  of  any  evidents  relating 
to  the  manner  and  time  of  acquiring  those  estates, 
and  that  were  any  way  conducive  for  evincing  the 
descent  of  the  family:  the  best  document  now  ex- 
tant, in  their  custody,  being  their  armorial  bearing, 
which  insinuates  pretty  clearly,  that  the  said  name 
was  either  descended  of  some  of  the  stem  of  the 
Scottish  kings,  or  that  they  had  done  some  piece 
of  signal  service  for  some  one  of  the  kings,  and 
kingdom,  though  the  circumstances  of  either  of 
these  cannot  at  this  distance  be  fully  cleared.  I 
find,  in  the  genealogical  account  of  the  surname  of 
Campbell,  that  Sir  Colin  Campbell  of  Lochow, 
who  had  divers  great  offices  from  king  Malcolm  II. 
had  a  daughter  married  to  MacGregor,  laird  of 
Glenurchy,  and  that  of  this  marriage  was  Sir  John 
MacGregor  .^f  Glenurchy,  a  person  of  very  good 
account  in  the  reign  of  king  Malcolm  III.  The 
chief  of  that  name  is  very  well  known  tohave  been 
for  manr  generations  lairds  of  Glenurchy,  and  to 
have  built  the  castle  of  Balloch,  or  Tay mouth,  at 
least  to  have  had  their  residence  therjB,  and  also  to 
have  built  castle  Caolcbuirn,  in  the  west  part  of 
that  country.  How  this  estate  was  lost  is  not  very 
evident ;  but  it  is  probable,  that  the  name  of  Mac- 
Gregor, being  so  near  neighbours,  might  be  indu* 
ced  or  obliged  to  join  MacDugal,  lord  of  Lorn, 
against  king  Robert  I.. and  upon  that  account  lost 
a  good  part  of  their  estate  ;  as  the  MacNauchtans 
and  MacNabs  lost  a  part  of  theirs  for  the  same 
cause.  However,  the  first  of  the  name  of  Camp^ 
bell  who  got  that  estate  of  Glenurchy,  was  black 
Sir  Colin  Campbell,  second  son  to  Sir  Colin  Camp-. 

106  ACCOUKT  OF  Tun 

bell  of  Lochow,  in  the  latter  part  of  the  reign  of 
king  James  II.  or  in  the  beginning  of  the  reign  of 
king  James  III.  being  ancestor  of  the  present  earl 
of  Braidalbin.  Besides  the  chief  family  of  Glenur- 
chy,  there,  was  also  MacGregor  of  Glenlyon,  who, 
having  no  issue,  nor  near  relation,  disponed  his 
estate  to  a  second  son  of  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  of 
Glenurchy»  being  ancestor  of  Campbell  of  Glenur- 
chy»  in  the  beginning  of  the  reign  of  king  James 
VI.  There  was  also  MacGregor  of  Glensre^ 
who  was  forfated  in  the  same  reign,  the  laird 
of  MacGregor  having  also  near  the  same  time 
sold  the  last  lands  that  family  had  in  those  portSy 
called  Stronmiolchon ;  so  that  since  that  time,  viz. 
the  latter  part  of  the  reign  of  king  James  VI.  the 
liurds  of  MacGregor  estate,  till  the  prind* 
pal  branch  of  that  family  became  extinct  in  the 
reign  of  king  Charles  11.  the  chiefship  devolving 
upon  Malcolm  MacGregor,  descended  of  a  coUar 
teral  branch  of  the  chief  family,  whose  son,  Gregor 
,  MacGregor,  in  the  reign  of  king  WiUiam,  djring 
without  issue,  was  succeeded  by  Archibald  Mac- 
Gregor of  Eilmanan,  whose  male  issue  being  all 
dead}  and  those  few  who  pretend  nearest  relation 
to  him  being  of  mean  repute  and  circumstances, 
made  (as  is  reported)  a  formal  renoundation  of  the 
chiefship  in  favour  of  Gregor  MacGregor  of  Glen- 
gyle,  who  is  lineally  descended  from  a  son  of  the 
laird  of  MacGregor. 

This  surname  is  now  divided  into  four  priiica- 
pal  families.  The  first  is  that  of  the  laird  of  Mac- 
Gregor, being  in  a  manner  extinct,  there  being 
few  or  none  of  any  account  of  the  same.     The 

HACGBE60BS.  107 

next  family  to  diat  of  Macgregor  is  Dugal  Eeir^s 
family,  so  named  from  their  ancestor  Dugal  Eeir, 
a  son  of  the  laird  of  MacGregor ;  the  principal 
person  of  that  family  is  MacGregor  of  Glengyle, 
whose  residence  and  interest  is  at  the  headof  Loch- 
cattern,  in  the  parish  of  Callander,  in  the  shire  of 
P^h.  The  third  family  is  that  of  Ilora,  the 
principal  person  of  which  is  MacGregor  of  Rora 
in  R^tnnochi  in  the  shire  of  Perth.  "  The  fourth 
family  is  that  of  Brackley,  so  denominated  from 
Brackley,  of  which  the  principal  person  of  that  fa« 
mily  was  not  long  ago  proprietor. 

Those  of  other  denominations  descended  of  this\ 
surname,  are  the  MacKinnins,  being  a  pretty  nu- 
merous clan  in  the  isle  of  Sky ;  the  principal  per- 
son of  that  dan  hath  a  pretty  good  estate  in  the 
isles  of  Sky  and  Mull.  How  far  this  pretension 
is  acquiesced  in,  I  cannot  determine ;  but  am  con- 
^dent,  that  gentleman^s  armorial  bearing  differs 
very  much  from  that  of  the  surname  of  MacGre- 
gor. Another  branch  of  another  denomination  is 
that  of  MacCarras,  a  pretty  numerous  sept  in  the 
north  parts  of  Perthshire.  There  are  also  the 
MacLeisters,  MacGhoiters,  and  divers  others,  de-  , 
scended  of  that  surname ;  of  which  the  armorial 
bearing  is, 

Argent,  a  fir  tree,  growing  out  of  a  mount  in 
base  vert,  surmounted  of  a  sword  bend- ways,  sup- 
porting on  its  point  an^  imperial  crown,  in  dexter 
chief  canton  proper,  importing  the  descent  of  that 
surname  from  one  of  our  kings,  or  the  same  having 
done  some  signal  service  to  the  crown.  Motto, 
Undae  and  spare  not. 



•  OP  THE 




Before  the  Assumption  of  that  Surname, 

THE  ancestor  of  the  surname  of  Colquhoitn 
was  Humphrey  Kilpatrick,  in  whose  favour  Mai- 
duin,  earl  of  Lennox,  grants  charter  of  the  lands 
of  Colquhoun,  in  the  reign  of  king  Alexander  II. 
That  of  Kirkpatrick,  or  Kilpatrick,  always  reputed 
'the  place  in  which  St.  Patrick  the  apostle  of  Ire- 
land was  born,  is  presumed  to  have  obtained  that 
denomination  in  very  ancient  times ;  as  is  evident 
by  a  charter,  by  Aluin,  earl  of  Lennox,  mortifying 
some  lands  to  the  old  church  of  Kilpatrick,  before 
the  foundation  of  the  abbey  of  Paisley,  anno  1160, 
that  being  then,  and  as  it  would  seem  for  a  long 
time  before,  so  designed:  from  which,  and  the 
adjoining  village  of  the  same  denomination,  was 


an  aaadeat  surname  in  dmse  parte  dencKDinatedf 
4)f  wfaSefa  was  duut  Huinpkrey,  who  first  acquired 
the  lMids<<yf  Cdquhmiin,  'winckhod^  w«reso  namod 
*beCM'e  he  aequiared  the  aasae ;  the  ii»{iori  of  which 
deooBiiaatidiiheiiiga  aoa^oas&ag  <iorner^  or  pointy 
to  vMoh  the  fiormer  sLtualioB  of  those  land^  ^per 
«Mly  ta€  that  now  termed  Dunglase,  the  ancient 
fioansioii-boiMe  tbereof,  very  well  agrees;  rather 
€han  to  that  from  Counaucht  io  Ireland^  or  any 
oilier  to  fbeA  purpose  pretended  tor  the  denomina- 
lioB  of  that  surname.  The  first  who  assumed 
the  «miame<if  Colquhomif  w\as  Ingrajoij  the  abov^ 
Hampbrey's  snoceasor,  being  so  des^ned  in  the 
charter  of  Luss,  by  Maloolmy  earl  of  Lennox^  to 
M^colm,  laird  of  Luss^  confirming  John,  laird  of 
liHSS;  his  diarter  to  his  son  of  those  lands,  in  the 
beginning  of  the  reign  of  king  Robert  I.  This 
Ingram's  successor  was  Robert  of  Coiquhouiiy 
who  u  meaftiooed,  as  abo  his  successor  of  the  same 
name,  in  divers  charters  by  Malcolm  the  second^ 
and  Donald^  earls  of  Loanox. 

To  Robert,  the  second  of  thai  name,  of  Col- 
quhoun,  succeeded  Humphrey  of  Colquhouu,  who, 
in  the  year  1394,  and  fourth  year  of  the  reign  of 
king  Siobert  III.  married  the  daughter  and  heiress 
cf  Godfrey,  ifaacd  of  JLuss;  however  otherwise  as- 
serted, that  at  that  time  the  laird  of  Luss  jnarried 
the  heiress  of  Colquho^Q,  it  being  evident  that 
the  family  of  Luss  of  that  ilk,  or,  as  others,  Len-« 
BOX  ^  Luss,  was  the  greater  family^  both  in  re- 
spect of  ostiquity  and  estate,  than  that  of  Col- 
qii^un ;  so  that  being  the  ^eater,  it  cannot  be 
presumed  be  would  have  qukted  his  sunuaoe^  and 


assumed  that  of  the  lesser  upon  his  marriage  mth 
the  heiress  thereof:    as,  for  instance,  Macintosh, 
Locheall,  and  Shaw  of  Greenock,  with  many  others, 
whose  ancestors,  though  married  to  heiresses  equal 
to  themselves,  retained  their  surnames :  and  so  it 
may  be  thought  would  Luss  upon  marrying  the 
heiress  of  Colquhpun.      For  further  illustration 
of  this  matter,  Grodfrey,  laird  of  Luss,  is  witness 
to  a  charter  granted  by  Duncan,  earl  of  Lenoox, 
in  the  year  1349;    as  also  Humphrey  of  CoU 
quhoun  is  witness  in  another  charter,*of  the  same 
date,  by  the  same  earl;    and  in  the  charter  of 
Camstroddan,  confirmed  by  the  same  earl,  in  the 
year  1395,  being  the  very  next  year,  the  same 
Humphrey  Colquhoun  is  designed  **  of  Luss,^*  and 
Robert,  Camstroddan^s  ancestor,  is  designed  <<  Ro- 
bert Colquhoun,  his  brother:"   so  that,  by  the 
above  charters,  the  time  and  manner  of  the  mar- 
riage of  the  laird  of  Colquhoun  with  the  heiress  of 
Luss  is  fully  illustrated. 

The  most  ancient  charter  now  extant  of  the 
lands  of  Luss,  is  a  charter  by  Malduin,  earl  of  Len- 
nox, to  Gilmore,  son  of  Muldonich,  of  the  lands  of 
Luss.  This  Muldonich,  or  another  of  6ilmore*s 
ancestors,  is  upon  very  good  grounds  asserted  to 
be  a  son  of  the  earl  of  Lennox,  and  to  have  re- 
tained the  surname  of  Lennox,  or,  as  others,  as* 
sumed  that  of  Luss,  and  retained  the  same  till  the 
marriage  of  the  heiress  with  Colquhoun.  The 
above  charter  was  in  the  reign  of  king  Alexander 
11.  but  it  is  thought  the  estate  was  given  off  to 
one  of  the  ancestors  of  that  family  before  that  char- 
ter, though  the  same  be  the  oldest  now  extant  in 


their  hands.  To  Gilmore  succeeded  Maurice, 
being  only  mentioned  witness,  by  designation  of 
Luss,  in  a  charter  by  the  earl,  to  Maurice  Gal* 
braith,  of  the  lands  of  Auchindoich.  Maurice^s 
successor  was  Sir  John  of  Luss,  in  whose  favour 
Malcolm,  earl  of  Lennox,  grants  charter  of  the 
lands  of  Luss,  and  superiority  of  Banra,  and  the 
adjacent  isles  belonging  in  property  to  Gilmichal, 
Gilmartin,  and  Gillecondad,  surnamed  Galbraiths^ 
To  Sir  John  succeeded  Malcolm,  in  whose  favour 
Malcolm,  second  son  of  that  name  eari  of  Lennox, 
grants  charter  of  confirmation  of  Luss,  with  the 
property  of  Easter  Glinn,  in  the  reign  of  king 
Robert  I.  Malcolm^s  successor  was  Duncan,  in 
whose  favour  Donald,  earl  of  Lennox,  grants  char> 
ter,  and  he  is  a  frequent  witness  in  others  of  that 
earl's  charters.  The  last  laird  of  Luss  was  God** 
frey  already  mentioned. 

Humphrey  Colquhoun,  first  of  that  name,  laird 
of  Luss,  granted  charter  of  the  lands  of  Camstrod* 
dan  and  AuchigiAvin,  to  Robert  Colquhoun,  his 
brother,  and  his  heirs  male,  which  failing  to  ano- 
ther Robert,  and  Patrick,  his  other  brethren;  which 
charter  was  written  at  Luss,  and  subscribed  by 
the  laird,  and  confirmed  by  Duncan,  earl  of  Len-^ 
nox,  at  Inchmirrin,  his  man^on-house,  upon  the 
4th  day  of  July,  1395,  bdng  the  fifth  of  the  reign 
ofking  Robert  in. 

To  Humphrey  succeeded  Sir  John,  who  was 
married  to  the  lord  Erskine^s  daughter.  He  was  . 
first  governor  of  Dunbartoi^  castle,  afterwards  of 
the  castle  of  Inchmirrin,  and  being  enticed,  under 
a  show  vt  friendly  conference,  or  parley,  to  come 



oat  of  bis  gsrmon^  by  meiDS  of  Lauchkn  Mao 
Leaoi^  and  Murdo  Gibaony  comimaiideffs  of  an  army 
(tf  isfesmeD^  who  harraased  Lannos  in  the  minority 
of  king  James  II«,  waa^  by  an  ambush  planted  for 
that  purpose,  trcaeherously  sbiin,  with  one  huo- 
dred  and  twenty  of  his  men.  I  have  seen  this  ^ 
John  dasignedy  in  an  old  Scottish  chfonicle  in 
manuscript)  *<  Sir  John  Colquhclan  of  Luss  and 
Sauchy,*  the  holds  of  Saucby  and  61yn  being  re* 
ported  to  be  given  to  Malcolm,  laird  oi  Luss^  by 
king  Bobert  I»  for  hia  serviee  at  the  battle  cS 

Sir  John^s  sncoesaor  was  called  Ski  John^  who 
was  married  to  the  lord  Bcyyd^s  daughter.    He 
was  for  some  time  treasurer  to  lung  JaoMs  III* 
His  successor  was  Sir  Humphrey^  marri^  to  the 
hard  of  Houston's  daughter.    His  second  son  waa 
Patrick  of  Glyn,  who  had  a  daughter  manried  to 
Murray  of  Tullibaim,  who  had  to  him  seventeen 
sons*     To  Humphrey  succeeded  John,  who  maiv 
ried  the  earl  of  Lennoxes  daughter,  by  whom  be 
had  John  his  soocesscv,  and  James,  ancestor  of 
Colquhoun  of  Kilmardinny,  of  which  fiunily  is 
Colquhoun  of  Craigtoun ;  and  two  daughters  mar- 
ried to  the  laiirds  of  Houston  and  Kilbimy  *    Jcrfin, 
fourth  of  that  name  laird  of  Luss,  was  married  to 
the  earl  of  Monteath's  daughter,  by  whom  he  had 
Sir  Humphrey  bis  successor,  Alexander,  afterwards 
laird  of  Luss,  and  John*      Sir  Humphrey  was 
married  to  the  knrd  Hamilton's  daughter,  by  whom 
he  had  one  daughter,  married  to  Campbell  of  Cmt^ 
rick*    This  Sir  Humphrey  fought  the  conflict  of 
Glenfroon,  against  the  MacGregors,  and  was  a£* 

COlQtTHOITiys.  lis 

terwaids  kiUed  in  Beaachra  castle  by  the  Mao 
Farianes,  through  influence  of  a  certiun  nobleman 
whom  Luss  had  disobliged.  He  was  succeeded 
by  Alexander  his  brdther,  who  married  Helen* 
daughter  to  the  laird  of  Buchanan,  by  whom  he 
had  five  sons ;  Sir  James  his  successor,  Sir  Hum- 
phrey of  Balvey,  Alexander  of  Glins,  Walter,  and 
George.  Sir  Humphreys  Walter,  and  GeorgCy 
died  without  issue. 

Sir  James  of  Luss  married  the  earl  of  Mon^ 
trose^s  daughter,  and  had  by  her  Sir  John  his  suc- 
cessor. Sir  James  of  Corky,  and  Alexander  of 
Tullichewn.  Sir  John  married  Baillie,  heiress  of 
Lochend,  by  whom  he  had  three  sons,  who  died 
all  unmarried,  and  eight  daughters,  three  of  which 
only  had  issue,  being  Lilias,  the  eldest,  married 
to  Stirling  of  Keir,  Christian  to  Cunningham  of 
Craigends,  and  Helen  to  Dickson  of  Inveresk. 

To  Sir  James  succeeded  his  brother.  Sir  James 
of  Corky,  who  was  married  to  Cunningham  of 
Bellyechan^s  daughter,  by  whom  he  had  Sir  Hum* 
phrey  his  successor,  and  James.  Sir  Humphrey 
was  married  to  the  laird  of  Houston^s  daughter, 
by  whom  he  had  no  children  that  came  to  age^ 
but  one  daughter,  Annei  who  being  heiress  of  that 
estate,  was  married  to  James  Grant  of  Pluscarden, 
second  son  to  Grant  of  that  ilk,  who,  upon  the 
death  of  Sir  Humphrey,  succeeded  to  the  estate  of 
Luss,  and  in  a  little  time  thereafter,  through  de* 
cease  of  brigadier  Alexander  Grant,  his  elder  bro* 
ther,  without  issue,  succeeded  also  to  the  estate  of 
Grant,  being  now  in  possesrion  of  both  those  great 
and  ancient  estates,  designing  his  eldest  son  for 


Iford  of  Grant,  and  his  second  son  fcv  hitd  of  Ltiai^ 
The  principal  residence  of  the  iairds  of  X»tt8e  k 
Bosdoej  jJeasaodj  situated  in  a  little  peninsula^ 
upon  the  south  shore  of  Lochlomotid»  in  the  parish 
of  Lussy  and  shire  of  Duabatton* 

The  next  to  the  family  of  Luss,  of  that  name, 
in  this  kingdom,  is  Colquhoun.  of  Tullidiewn. 
There  is  also  in  the  parish  of  Lijias  Colquhoun  of 
Camstroddan,  descended  of  a  soii  of  the  said  family 
in  the  the  reign  of  king  James  V.  There  is  Col- 
quhoun of  Oarsoaddan,  in  the  parish  of  Eilpatrick, 
descended  from  the  fcunily  of  Camstroddan,  in  the 
minority  of  queen  Mary.  There  is  also  Colquhoun 
of  Craigtouttj  a  cadet  of  die  family  of  Eilmardinnyj 
as  already  menti^Hiecl.  Those  of  other  demnmna- 
tidns  descended  of  thift  surname  are  the  Cowimsi 
pretty  numerous  in  th^  shire  of  Fife,  and  in  the 
east  parts  of  the  shirfe  of  Stirling.  The  diief  per^ 
son  of  that  name  is  Cowan  of  CorBtoa%  in  Fife. 
Also  the  >MacMainesies,  who  are  not  very  numcar* 
OU&  There  is  also  a  sept  of  thia  sumaaie  very 
numerous  in  Appin,  and  other  fdaoesof  Upper 
Ix>m,  called  MacAchounicbs. 

The  armorial  bearing  of  Colquhoun  of  lAiss  is, 
argent,  «.  saltyre  engnuled,  sables  Supportnrs, 
two  hounds  sable,  collared  argent.  Crest,  a  hart^s 
head  coupee,  gules.    Motto,  Si  Je  J^u* 





THE  surname  of  Lamond  did  not  upon  most 
occasions  associate  with  most  others  of  the  mofst 
remote  clans:  Neveretheless,  upon  very  solid 
grounds,  it  hatfi  been  always  accounted  a  sunuune 
ctf  great  antiquity  and  esteem ;  the  same  for  dirers 
ages  being  in  possession^  woA  the  chiefs  thereof 
lairds,  or  rather  lords,  of  all  Lower  Cowal,  a  very 
fatile  country,  and  of  a  large  extent,  though  most 
part  thereof,  at  several  junctures  and  occamons,  (of 
which  the  circttmstaaces  cannot  in  this  age  be  cb» 
covered,)  was  wrested  out  of  their  hands.  The 
aiuae  itsdf  did  alio  sustain  very  great  loss,  or  di- 
minution, in  the  time  of  the  civil  wars,  in  the  reign 
of  king  Charles  I.,  having  joined  with  the  manjuis 
of  Montrose^s  party,  who  stood  for  the  king^s  in- 
terest. Upon  the  defeat  of  the  Marquis  at  PMlip- 
hau^,  and  suppression  of  that  party,  the  LanKwds 
for  0ome  time  defended  themselves  in  their  cln^s 
eaatleof  Towart;   but  being  besic^d  by  a  party 


of  the  Parliaments  forces,  were  obliged  to  yield 
themselves  prisoners  of  war,  and  as  soon  as  they 
came  into  the  enemy^s  hands  were  all  put  to  the 
sword;  as  were  also  near  the  same  time. a  great 
number  of  the  MacDougals  and  MacNeils,  who 
defended  themselves  for  some  time,  in  the  fort  of 
Dunabarty  in  Kintyre,  against  lieutenant-general 
Lesley,  after  the  defeat  of  Alexander  MacDonald^s 
army  at  Largy :  Lesley  having  given  quarters  to 
a  party  of  Irish,  who,  with  the  above  clans,  de- 
fended that  fort,  did  put  all  the  Scots,  without  dis- 
tinction, to  the  sword,  of  which  the  most  part 
were  of  those  mentioned,  with  some  MacDon^ds, 
after  they  had  surrendered  at  discretion  ;  so  that 
none  of  these  surnames  are  any  thing  so  numerous 
ever  since  as  formerly. 

The  surname  of  Lamond  is  asserted  to  be  de- 
scended of  Lamond  O^Neil,  a  son  of  the  great 
O'Neil,  provincial  king  of  North  Ulster.  The 
chiefs  of  this  surname  were  allied  with  very  hon- 
ourable families  both  in  Scotland  and  Ireland; 
as  with  the  families  of  Argyll,  MacDonald,  Luss, 
Buchanan,  Okyan,  lord  Dunseveiin,  and  other 
families  in  Ireland.  I  find  Duncan  MacLamond, 
who  seems  to  have  been  laird  of  Lamond,  men- 
tioned witness  in  a  charter,  granted,  by  Duncan, 
earl  of  Lennox,  in  the  reign  of  king  Robert  III. 
This  surname  is  always  in  Irish  termed  MacLa- 
monds,  or  clan  Lamond. 

Archibald,  late  laird  of  Lamond,  married  Mar- 
garet, daughter  to  colonel  Hurry,  by  whom  he 
had  no  issue ;  so  that  the  estate  went  to  Dugal 
Lamond  of  Stiohdg,  as  being  nearest  hdur  male. 

LAMONBB.  117 

He  married  Margiuret,  mter  to  James,  earl  of 
Rute»  bj  whom  be  had  five  daughters!,  the  eldest 
whereof,  Mar^ret,  is  married  to  Sotm  Lamood  pf 
Kilfinaa,  whose  eldest  soa  is  to  succeed  to  the  es- 
tate of  Lainond.  There  are  of  other  denomiuao 
turns  descended  of  this  surname,  tbe  MacLucases^ 
or  Lukes,  Maclntumers,  or  Turners,  MacAlduies, 
or  Blacks,  Macllwboms,  and  Towarts.  The  laird 
of  Lamond,  since  the  demolition  of  his  castle,  of 
Towart,  by  the  above-mentioned  siege,  re^es  in 
Ardlamondyin  Upper  CowaL  The  prindpal  gen- 
tlemen of  that  name  are  the  Lamonds  of  Silvep* 
craig,  Lamond  of  Willowfietd,  who,*  with  some 
other  gentlemen^  and  most  others  of  that  surname, 
reside  in  Lower  CowaL  There  is  also  descended 
of  a  son  of  the  Imrd  of , Lamond,  Burdon  of  Fedale, 
in  StraltbMab  with  others  of  that  nanediere,  hav- 
ing got  ihut  estate  l^  marriage  of  tbe  h wess  there^^ 
(tf  some  ages  ago» 

These  is  also  in  Argyllehire  a  gentleman  of  a 
small  estate,  designed  MaoOrquodale  of  Faint* 
islands*  His  interest  lyes  upon  the  south  side  of 
Lochow,  and  he  is  accounted  one  of  the  most 
ancient  gentlemen,  of  his  own  station,  in  that  shire, 
or  probably  of  any  other  in  this  kingdom,  it  being 
with  assurance  asserted,  that  the  cause  of  his  an« 
cestor^s  getting  that  estate'  was  for  taking  down  the 
head  of  Alpin,  king  of  the  Scots,  by  night,  off  the 
walls  of  the  capital  city  of  the  Picts,  where  these 
had  affixed  it,  and  upon  bringing  the  same  to  king 
Kenneth  the  Great,  he  was  for  that  service  recom- 
penced  with  that  estate,  possessed  by  his  successor 
as  yet ;  and  that  there  was  a  charter  granted  of 

118  ACCOUNT  07  THS  LAHOKD8. 

the  said  estate  by  king  Kenneth,  which  is  reported 
to  have  been  sent,  npon  his  earnest  request,  to  Sir 
George  MacEenzie,  to  be  perused  by  him,  some 
little  time  before  the  JLevolution,  and  that  the  same 
was  not  got  back.  However  this  be,  that  gentle- 
man is  reputed  to  be  of  very  great  antiquity  by 
all  in  these  parts;  but  I  could  not  obtain  any  dis- 
tinct account  of  the  same,  or  of  his  armorial  bear- 

There  was  also  a  gentleman  of  a  good  estate 
in  Kintyre,  designed  MacKay  of  Ogendale,  which 
family  continued  in  a  very  good  repute  for  a  good 
many  ages.  The  principal  family  is  lately  extinct. 
There  continues  a  considerable  number  of  that 
surname  as  yet  in  Kintyre,  and  the  north  of  Ire- 
land ;  so  that  I  am  very  apt  to  think  that  the  an- 
cestor of  the  northern  MacKays,  of  which  the  lord 
Rae  is  chief,  was  descended  off  this  ancient  family 
of  that  name  in  Kintyre,  rather  than  from  one 
Forbes,  a  son  of  Forbes  of  Ochanochar,  as  is  as- 
serted by  some  modem  writers. 

Lamond  for  armorial  bearing  carried  sometimes 
azure,  a  mond,  or  globe  argent ;  but  the  most  an- 
cient and  more  ordinary  bearing  of  that  family  is 
azure,  a  lion  rampant,  argent.  Crest,  a  hand  cou- 
pee  proper.     Motto,  Ne  pereas  nee  spemas. 





AS  divers  of  the  most  ancient  surnames  in  the 
western  parts  of  the  Lennox  derive  their  ori^n 
from  the  family  of  Lennox ;  so  also  the  surname 
of  MacAulay  may,  upon  good  grounds,  be  pre- 
sumed to  be  descended  off  that  ancient  family. 
For  confirmation  of  this  alle^tion,  in  a  charter,  by 
Malduin,  earl  of  Lennox,  to  Sir  Patrick  Graham, 
of  the  carrucate  of  Muckraw,  one  of  the  witnesses 
is  Aulay,  the  earPs  brother :  as  also  in  another 
charter,  by  the  same  earl,  to  William,  son  of  Ar- 
thur Galbreath,  of  the  two  carrucates  of  Sather- 
nock,  and  carrucate  of  Kincruich,  now  Culcruich, 
the  witnesses  are,  Duncan  and  Aulay,  the  earPs 
brethren.  This  Aulay  is  mentioned  in  divers 
other  charters  of  the  said  earl;  as  also  the  siud 
Aulay^s  son,  and  successor,  designed  Duncan,  son 
of  Aulay  or  MacAulay,  knight,  is  inserted  in  a 
charter,  by  the  said  earl,  to  Walter  Spreul,  of  the 
lands  of  Dalquhern,  and  in  a  great  many  others. ' 
I  find  no  mention  of  this  Duncan^s  successor. 
The  next  to  be  met  with,  and  to  be  presumed  of 
that  family,  is  Arthur,  designed  of  Arncaple,  being 


witness  in  a  charter,  by  Duncan,  earl  of  LennoXi 
to  Murdac,  son  of  Arthur  Dinin,  of  the  lands  of 
Drumfad  and  Eirkmichal ;  so  that  this  Arthur 
might  be  grandchild  to  Sir  Duncan  last  mentioned. 
There  is  a  current  tradition,  that  this  family,  or 
surname,  was  designed  <<  Arncaples  of  that  ilk,^ 
for  some  time,  until,  from  one  of  the  chiefs  of  that 
family,  properly  called  Aulayy  the  whole  surname 
was  so  denominated.  But  there  is  much  more 
ground  for  the  first  than  the  last  of  these  supposi- 
tions, in  regard  of  the  small  interval  betwixt  the 
time  of  the  above  Sir  Duncan  MacAulay^  and 
that  surname's  being  found  upon  record  to  be 
so  denominated  as  it  continues  to  this  present  time. 

The  next  of  that  name  to  the  family  of  Arnca- 
ple,  is  the  representative  of  major  Robert  MacAu- 
lay,  a  gentleman  of  a  good  estate  in  Olenerm,  in 
the  county  of  Antrim  m  Ireland,  in  which  county  a 
great  many  of  that  surname  reside.  There  is  also 
a  numerous  sept  of  that  surname  in  Caithness  and 
Sutherland,  who  own  their  descent  off  the  fismiily 
of  Arncaple,  and  that  gentleman  to  be  their  chief. 
The  MacPheidirans  of  Argyllshire  own  themselves 
to  be  originally  of  this  surname.  The  prindpal 
residence  of  the  laird  of  Arncaple  is  the  castle  of 
Ardincaple,  in  the  shire  cf  Dunbarton,  situated 
upon  the  north  side  of  the  Frith  of  Clyde,  opposite 
to  the  town  of  Greenock. 

The  armorial  bearing  of  MacAulay  of  Arnca- 
ple is,  gules,  two  darts  their  points  conjoined  in 
base,  in  form  of  a  cheveron  reversed  argent,  sur- 
mounted of  a  fess  cheeky  of  the  second  and  first 
Crest,  a  boot  coupee  at  the  ancle,  with  a  spur 
thereon  proper.    Motto,  Dulce  Pmculvm, 








Imprimis,  CUai'Donaldy  and  of  them  five  branches  in 
the  lies  by  branches  smaller* 

FIRST}  Donald  Gormesone  his  kin  are  called  of 
surname  Hutscheon,  that  is  to  say,  the  succession 
of  Hutseheon  McDonald,  quhom  of  they  descendit 
and  sprange.  Therefore  this  man  is  called  Donald 
McDonald  Gorme,  Vic  Donald  Gurmacke}  Vic 
Donald  Gorvucke,  Vic  Hutscheon,  quo  was  sone 
to  Alexander  of  Ila,  earl  of  Roase,  and  lord  of  the 
lies,  or,  as  the  Heighlandmen  calls  him«  king  of' 
the  lies. 

And  this  Alexander  was  sone  to  Donald  earle  of 
Rosse,  by  the  marriage  of  Yalter  Lesley  earle  of 
Rosse,  daughter  and  heir ;  and  this  earle  Donald 
wes  the  first  earle  of  memory  that  of  the  Clan-' 
ronald  justly  bruikit  Rosse. 

123  6EKE0L06IES  OF  THE 

And  this  Donald  wes  the  stocke,  quherfra  Clan- 
ronald  were  named  last  in  ther  names,  quha  wes 
sone  to  Jhone  oF  Ila,  and  of  the  best  that  came  of 
that  sorte}  quho  had  the  Stewarte  to  hjs  wyfie, 
mother  to  this  Donald  forsaid. 

This  Jbone  of  Ila  wes  sone  to  Angus  M^Angus, 
Vic  Donald,  fra  quhome  they  were  called  first,  and 
of  the  auld  clan  Donald. 

This  Donald  wes  the  sone  of  Raynald  M^Somerle 
or  Somerledi,  frae  quhome  they  were  for  a  quhile 
named  and  called  clan  Somerle. 

This  Somerle  wes  the  sone  of  Gillebryde  M*Gil-  Vic  Sell^,yic  Mearshaighe,  Vic  Swyf. 
fine,  Vic  Malhheussa,  Vic  Eacime,  Vic  Gothefred, 
fra  quhome  they  were  called  at  that  time  clan  Go* 
thofred,  that  is,  clan  Gotheray  in  Hybers  Leid, 
and  they  were  verey  grate  men  in  tbat  tymes  of 
zeire,  and  ay  on;  called  clan  Gotherey,  quhill  Don- 
aid  Gorme,  quhome  I  last  made  mentione. 

This  Gotheray  wes  the  sone  of  Fergus  M^Eriche, 
Vic  Cartayne,  Vic  Ethay,  Vic  Thola  Crcdsme,  Vio 
Ethay  de  wiff  Leist*  Ethodius  Vic  Frathrequerwy 
fratherus,  Vic  Clarpre  Lisse  Chuyr,  Corbr^us, 
Vic  Chrorinweet  Alada,  Cormacus  Vic  Airt,  Ler* 
xneche  king  of  Irland,  mist  royall  in  all  his  actioiis, 
Vic  Chuyin  Chidekakey,  Condus  lenti  beltus  king 
of  Irland)  a  royal  prince,  and  lyon  like  in  all  his 
actions  of  warre,  of  quhome  I  make  thir  the  stoke 
in  Irland,  for  that  he  is  lineally  degcendit  of  Gathc* 
I  us  seed. 

Clan  Eanmore^  the  second  house  ofthfi  ClanDonaldU 
Sir  James  Macconeill  of  Kyntyre  is  the  second 

OAXSFF  CLAKS  OF  THE  ILfid.  i23 

house  of  the  lies,  quho  is  the  sone  of  Alexandet 
M*Jhone,  Vic  Anald  Agnaldi,  Vic  Ean  Johannis^ 
Vic  Donald  Ballay,  Vic  Ean,  of  quhom  they  are 
called  to  surname  Sleight  Ean  Moire  successio 
Johannis  Magni,  quho  wes  sone  to  Jhone  the  best 
lord  of  the  lies,  as  I  have  said  off  befor,  quho  had 
the  Stewarte^sdauchtertohis  ladey..  Heir  I  impe 
tbis  branche  to  the  tree  justly  as  is  afforsaid. 

Ckm  Baynaldj  the  third  lumse  of  the  ClanDonatd. 

Jhone  Moydeor  Tyeiche  is  the  sone  of  Alexan- 
der' Macallan,  filius  Alani,  Vic  Rorey  Roderici, 
Vic  Ean  Johanis,  Vic  Raynald  Reginaldi,  quhorae 
I  impe  to  this  good  Jhone  of  Ila,  his  father  forsaid. 
Heir  sprouted  twa  branches  out  of  the  free  at  ance, 
that  is,  the  clan  Ean-moire  and  the  clan  Raynald. 

Clan  Ean  of  Ardnamorachin^  the  fourtt  houH  of  the 

Alexander  McDonald  Donaldi  M^Ean  Johannis 
M'Aloir  Alexandri  M'Angus  M'Ean  Achechter- 
wache  M< Angus  Moire,  who  wes  the  lord  of  the 
lies,  and  him  I  impe  to  the  tree. 

jUexander  Carrathy  thcfyfle  house  of  ClanDonali,  . 

Neirest  this  descendit  frae  the  house  of  Clan- 
Donald  is  Alexander  Carrath,  that  is,  Shawit 
Alexander  sua  that  be  the  countrie's  custome,  be- 
cause Highlandmen  callit  the  fairest  hared  man 
Chewit  man,  and  the  Chewit  the  hared,  and  sua 
furthe,  for  this  Alexander  was  the  furest  hared 
man  as  they  say  of  aney  that  ever  was ;  and  this 
^aid  Alexander  was  brother  to  this  Donald  of  the 

124     6EKEOLOGIE8  OF  THS  CHIEFF  CZ1AN8,  &C« 

lies  forsaid,  and  to  John:  Moir^  ira  quhome  James 
Kyiityre  descendit,  and  brother  of  the  father  syde 
to  Raynalds  of  quhome  came  the  ClanRanidd.    • 

And  this  Carrath  hea  maney  oome  of  himy  and 
good  succession  in  Lochaber  called  ClanRanald^ 
McDonald  Glasset  Vic,  Alexander,  quhilk  bruy^es 
a  pairt  of  Lochaber  sinsyne. 

Ther  wes,  by  thir  I  have  wretten  ofFe,  Jhone 
Gothofiredy  and  Angus,  the  quhilke  had  nae  suo- 




THER  wer  fyve  earles  of  Roa  successively  and 
immediately  before  Walter  Lesly  that  marryed 
the  heretrix  of  Ros,  quherof  the  first  was  called 
Ferquhardi  the  second  William,  the  third  William, 
the  fourth  Hew,  and  the  fifth  William,  who  was 
father  to  Eufiam  the  heretrix,  spous  to  the  forsaid 
Walter  Lesly. 

Walter  Lesly  begot  on  Eufiam  ane  sone  called 
Alexander,  (who  was  marryed  on  a  doughter  of 
duk  Robert  Stewart,  (governor  of  Scotland,)  by 
whom  he  hud  only  a  doughter  called  Mary,  who 
dyed  a  virgin,)  and  ane  doughter  called  Eufiam, 
who  was  marryed  on  Donald,  lord  of  the  Yles, 
(who  fought  the  battle  of  Harlaw).  This  Donald 
begot  on  Eufiam  Lesly,'  Alexander,  earle  of  Ros, 
and  Alexander  begot  Jon  of  Ila,  earle  of  Ros,  who 
rengned  his  right  to  the  earldom  of  Ros,  in  king 
James  the  third,  bis  favors,  in  the  year  1476. 


quherby  tbe  said  earldom  beoom  to  be  anneited  to 
the  cEowne. 

1.  Ferquhard,  the  first  earle  of  Ros,  (upon  a 
certan  occasion,)  maid  a  vowe  that  he  should  found 
ane  abbey  of  the  first  reli^ous  men  Jie  should  meit, 
and  meiting  with  two  why t  channons  in  Galloway, 
(having  oertan  of  sanct  NinianV  relicts^)  he  brought 
them  to  Ros,  and  founded  an  abbay  of  that  or- 
der at  Feme,  beside  Kintarue  in  Strathcharron, 
(quherof  eqm  pairt  remaynes  as  yet  to  be  seen,) 
and  maid  ane  of  the  said  channons  (called  Mai* 
colme,)  abbot  thereof,  who,  being  abbot  fifteen 
yeirs,  deceist,  and  was  burryed  in  the  sam  place, 
and  after  his  death  was  boldin  be  his  people  as  a 
sanct.— 'Tberafter  the  said  earle,  with  consent  of 
the  abbot  [and]  brethren  of  the  said. place,  for  the 
more  tranquillitie,  peace  and  qiiietnes  tfaerof,  tran-^ 
slated  the  said  monastrie  quhemow  presently  it 
stands,  the  twenly^seventb  yeir  of  the  said  F«-- 
quhard's  earldom,  and  yeir  of  God  ....  .—At 
this  tym  was  the  second  abbot  called  Malcdme  of 

Ferquhard,  earle  of  Ros,  dyed  in  Tayne,  upon 
the  first  day  of  Februarie,  1 25.1 .    . 

2.  Unto  Ferquhard  succeeded  William  his  son^ 
who  maryed  anlB  doughter  of  Johii  Gumming^ 
earle  of  Buchan ;  he  lived  .twenty-four  yeirs  earle^ 
and  dyed  at  Earles-AUane,  the  17th  of  Decemb^, 

In  his  tym  was  the  thhrd  abbot  called  Maccabeusf 

Mackhorsin.  .  .     .  -     ^   c-  . 

.  3«   Unto,  this  William  succeeded  bis  sone  WiU 

liam,  the  third  earle,  who  was  mad  earle  at  Whit- 


iimdajr  the  Baid  ye$r;— •be  lived -forty-nine  yeiri 
earle,  and  was  niarryed  on  Mauld,  sbter  to  the 

.  la  his  ijm  Robert,  ea?le  of  Caitiek,  mad  insur* 
rection«  pretending  to  the  crowne  of  Scotland^ 
qnherupon  the  king  entered  in  eonfederacte  with 
bioif  and  gave  him  his  nster  to  wyff,  as  said  is, 
who  bore  to  him  a  son  called  Hew. 

*'T%ts  William  was  a  long  tym  imprisoned  in 
England  for  his  fidelity  to  the  ctowne  of  Scotland, 
and  depurted  in  Delny  in  Ros,  the  S8th  of  January, 

Dn^tym  of  this  earle  William  wer  divers  abbots 
ot  Feme ;  thefirst  was  called  Martin,  ane  channon 
of  Why  thorne,  (not  choysen,  but  presented  be  the 
pryor  «of  Whythome),  Nixt,  ther  was  ane  other 
brother  of  the  said  house  of  Whythorne,  called 
John,  (who  was  invested,  not  choysen).  The  third 
was  called  Mark  Ros,  son  to  Sir  Mark  Ros,  (not 
choysen  be  the  convent  of  Feme,  but  presented  be 
the  pryor  of  Whythora).  This  Mark,  abbbt,  en* 
tered  in  the  said  monastrie  two  years  befor  the  de* 
cease  of  the  sakl  earle  William,,  and  found  the  said 
place  destitute  of  idoneous  persones,  ornaments, 
bi^ngs,  and  other  guids.  He  governed  that 
place  weell  in  bis  tym,  and,  according  to  the  order> 
instructed  them  dilligently. 

4.  In' tym  of  this  Mark,  abbot.  Hew,  sone  fo 
prementionat  William,  was  maid  earle  upon  St; 
Pfttrick^s  day,  the  17th  day  of  March,  after  the 
deeease  of  his  father,  viz.  1983,  and  lived  earle  ten 
years,  and,.in  the  defence  of  the  realme,  departed 

128      ,  CHROKICLB  OF  TAB 

in  the  oonffiet  of  Halydouoe-^bill,  besyd  Berwick^ 
the  18th  of.  the  caletids  of  August,  1333. 

He  maryed  the  lord  Graham^s  doughter,  who 
bore  to  him  William^  fifth  earle  of  Ros,  and  Hew» 
who  was  first  laird  of  Belnagowne. 

5.  Unto  Hew  succeedit  bis  sone  William,  (the 
third  of  that  Bam,  and  fifth  earle  of  Ros,)  who, 
after  three  years^  banisbDient  in  Norway,  com 
home,  and,  having  gathered  a  grieat  annie,  invaded 
the  towne  of  Pearth,  then  garrisond  be  the  EpgUsh^ 
and,  having  drawn  the  water  frcnn  them,  oon- 
strayned  them  to  depairt  out  of  the  towne. 

He  was  most  friendly  to  all  reli^ous  persones, 
and  repaired  and  re-ec|ifyed  all  the  biggings  and 
manor-places  of  his  predecessors  in  sindrie  pairts 
of  Ros ;  he  was  maid  earle  after  his  retume  from 
exylei  on  Fryday  before  Whitsunday,  in  the  year 

This  William,  be  the  advyce  and  counsell  of 
^oger,  bishope  of  Ros,  the  said  Mark,  then  abbot 
of  Feme,  and  haill  convent,  caused  re-edify  the 
abbey  kirk  of  Feme,  (being  formerly  bigged  of 
ruch  staine  and  clay,)  and  bigged  it  of  new,  with 
hewin  work,  quhilk  work  was  begune  the  second 
year  after  the  said  William  was  m^d  earle  of  Ros, 
that  is,  in  the  year  1338,  and  the  said  Mark,  abbot, 
dyed  among  his  bretherin,  after  the  beginning  of 
the  said  work,  in  the  year  1355,  and  was  honorap- 
blie  buryed  within  the  said  kirk. — Unto  this  Mark 
succeeded  Donald  Peibles.  This  earle  William 
considering  the  channons  of  Feme  haid  frie  power 
of  election  be  pope  Urban  the  fourth,  in  whose 

SABLES  or  BOS5  AKJD  ABBOTS  OF  72R1IE.     129 

tyinie  tbey  were  founded,  and  others,  frOm  the  be- 
diming of  tlie  said  order,  giving  them  special  prir 
viledges,  he,  (the  said  William,)  for  keeping  all 
ther  juries  and  rights  to  the  sliid  t'eligious  men, 
ordered  that  nether  election  nor  presentation  should, 
bn  no  wages,  be  hud  tt>  them  from  uthers,  but 
wi^in  the  said  abbacy,  according  to  the  institu- 
tione  of  Augustin,  and  that  som  worthy  persones 
be  elected  out  of  the  ix>6ome  of  the' Said  place ; 
and  for  tb^r  entres  they  elected  and  presented  the 
said  Donald  abbot,  who  refused  the  sam  for  the 
in  vie  of  presentation  which  he  haid  of  Whythome; 
yet,  shortly  therafter,  h^  was  elected  abbot  with 
consent  of  the  baiU  brethren,  and  past  (acoompa* 
nyed  with  ane  brother  called  John  Abernethie,) 
to  Whythome,  to  the  pryor  therof^  in  his  erand 
of  election,  quher,  after  many  reasonk  arid  contra** 
versies  tb<e  pryof  6f  Whythorne  and  convent  therctf 
confirmed  and  approved  the  election  of  the  said 
Donald  mad  at  Feme. 

In  the  dayes'of  this  earle  William,  and  in  abbdt 
Donald^s  tym,  the  st&ine  work  of  the  said  kirk  was 
ended ;  and  als  the  timmer  wor'k  therof,  be  the 
SUpplie  of  the  said  earle,  was  also  finished. 

This  earle  William,'biEiving  repaired  the  kirk  and 
abbay  of  !Feme,  granted  to  the  sam,  for  his  soule 
and  his  predecessors^  the  kirk  of  Tirradaile  in  Ros^ 
that  was  at  his  presentatione,  and  obtained  consent 
to  the  abbey  of  Ferne  therupon,  be  the  bisbope 
and  chapter  of  Ros,  for  whose  saule  every  chan* 
iiotve,  under  great  payne,  was  appoynted  ilk  day 
to  say  ane  mass  atthe  hich  altar. 

•This  William  lived  earle  tbirty*five  yeires,  and 


deceased  at  Delny,  ibe  9th  day  of  February,  1369 
yeirs.— [JfantiwTip*  of  Rig^  1371,  9<A  February.'] 
To  abbot  Donald  Peibles  succeeded  Donald 
Adam  Monilaw,  wbodeceiait  at  Ferne^  the  10th  of 
,September,  1407. 

6.  And  in  his  tym  was  earle  of  Ros^^  Walter 
Lesly,  who  maryed  Eufiam^  doughter  to  the  said 
earle  William,  and  depairted  at  Pearth,  the  penult 
day  of  February,  1381 . 

7.  To  him  succeed  Alexander  Lesly  his  sone, 
wbo  maryed  ane  doughter  of  duk  Robert  Stewards, 
governor  of  Scotland,  and  got  on  hir  ane  doughter 
called  Mary,  who  dyed  ane  virgin  ;  and  the  said 
Alexander  deceised  at  Dingwdil,  in  his  young  adge, 
the  8th  day  of  May,  1402. 

And  after  that,  on  Thomas  Kathimach  sent  to 
the  pryor  of  Whythome  to  be  abbot  of  F^me. 
This  Thomas  was  given  to  the  lust  of  the  flesh, 
and  it  is  uncertan  what  was  his  end. 

After  this  was  ane  abbot,  Finlay  M'Faid,  oy  of 
Sir  Ferrier,  viccar  of.Tayne,  who,  foracertan 
space,  governed  the  place  cX  Feme,  and  dyed  the 
15th  of  October,  1436. 

Therafter,  Alexander  of  Yla,  lord  of  the  Ties, 
and  son  to  Donald  of  the  Yles  who  marryed 
Eufiam  Ledy,  becam  earle  of  Ros,  and  justice  be- 
north  Forth. 

This  Alexander  dyed  at  Dingwell,  and  was  bur* 
ryed  in  the  channonrie  of  Ros,  the  8tb  of  May, 

King  James  the  first,  in  the  ydir  •  •  • . ,  caused 
behead  James  Campbell,  for  murdering  Johne  df 
af  the  Yles,  a  mm  dearly  beloved  of  bis  people. 

XARLS8  OF  SOS,  AND  ABBOTS  OF  9XBKE.      131 

&    In  the  year  14Sd,  Alexander,  lord  of  the 
Yles,  was  arrested  be  tbe  king  at  Invernes,  for  his 
mantaining  of  theeves  and  robbers,  and  brought 
prisoner  to  Edinbrugh,  and,  shortly  therafler,  for 
promising  to  reforroe  his  maners,  was  pardoned 
and  set  at  libertie,  quherof  ther  ensued  great 
trouble  imediatly  therafter,  for  he  gathered  a 
great  many  reavers  and  robbers,  and*  burnt  the 
towne  of  Invemes  and  beseedged  the  castle  therof, 
enforceing  with  all  dilligence  to,  win  the  sam,  till 
he  was  advertised  that  the  king  was  comming  with 
ane  great  powr,  quherupon  he  fled  to  the  YIes,  ' 
and  therafter,  b^ng  informed  that  many  lay  in 
wait  to  tak  him,  he  cam,  disguised  in  poor  array, 
to  Halyroodhouse,  and  ther  finding  the  king,  on 
pasch  day,  in  the  kirk  at  his  prayers,  he  fell  on 
his  knees  before  him,  and  besought  him  for  grace, 
for  his  saik  who  raise  that  day  from  death  to  lyfe, 
and  at  the  queen^s  request  the  king  pardond  his 
lyfe,  but  appoynted   William   Duglas,   earle  of 
Angus,  to  have  the  custody  of  him,  and  that  with- 
in the  castle  of  Tantallon,  that  no  trouble  should 
ryse  by  his  mean  therafler*     His  mother,  Eufiam 
Lesly,  doughter  to  Walter  Lesly,  earle  of  Ros, 
was  also  committed  to  ward  in  St  Colm^s  Insh, 
becaus  it  was  knowen  that  shee  solicited  her  son 
Alexander  to  rebellion  against  the  king,  in  maner 

Not  long  afterj  Donald  Baldach  Makdonald, 
coosen-german  to  the  earle  of  Ros^  com  with  a  great 
power  of  men  into  Lochaber,  quher  tbe  carles  of 
Mar  and  Cathnes  com,  with  such  power  of  men  as 
they  could  conveen,  to  defend  the  countrey  against 


133     CHEOKICI.X  OF  THE  XAELES  OV  EOS,  bc 

the  invasion  of  the  Hylandmetl,  and  fought  agsdnst 
the  said  Donald  at  Inverlochy,  quher  the  earle  i>f 
Cathnes  was  slayne  and  the  earle  of  Mar  discom- 

This  Donald  therafter  taking  banishment  to 
Ireland,  for  his  rebellion  was  taken  be  a  lord  of 
Yrland,  and  bis  head  iient  to  the  king  of  Soot- 

9.  In  May,  1476,  the  king  raised  a  puissant 
army  in  pursuit  of  the  lord  of  the  Ylea,  both  by 
sea  and  land.  The  earle  of  AthoU  (the  king^s 
uncle  by  his  father,)  was  mad  lieutennent-^^erall 
to  the  land-forces,  who  acted  t»o  as  the  lord  of  the 
Yles  was  forced,  in  the  beginnipg  of  July  nixt 
therafter,  to  submitt  himself  to  the  king,  quber 
ther  was  ane  agreement  mad  and  confirmed  betwixt 
them,  that  Mackdonald  should  resigne  in  the  king's 
hands  all  the  right  he  haid  to  the  earldom  of  Ros 
and  lands  of  Eintyre ;  and  at  this  tym  Ros  was  an- 
nexed to  the  crowne,  and  McDonald  continued  lord 
of  the  Yles  and  earle  of  Bos  during  his  dayes. 

The  king  gave  also  to  the  earle  of  Atboll^  for 
his  service  in  the  aforsaid  expedition,  the  lands  and 
forrest  of  Cluny. 

In  tym  of  the  aforsaid  Jon,  lord  of  the  Yks, 
was  abbot  Finlay  MakFaid^  who  did-  many  good 
works  during  his  being         ♦  •         »         ♦ 

♦  ♦  *  •  •  ♦♦  * 

\Tht  remainder y  which  ooaqned  fted  haves  of  the 
manmcripty  ia  wanting,'] 


IT  is  recorded,  that  three  brether,  called  Gain, 
Leody  and  Leandris,  com  out  of  Denmark,  to  the 
north  pairts  of  Scotland,  to  follow  ther  fortune ; 
and  that  Guin  took  possession  of  the  breas  of 
Cathnes,  quher  his  posterity  remanes  to  this  day j' 
called  the  Clan-gunn-  Leod  conquest  the  Lewes ; 
and  of  him  ar  descended  the  M'Leods  of  Lews 
and  the  rest  of  the  name  of  M'Leod ;  and  that 
Leandris  conquest  Brea-chatt,  viz.  Lairgg,  the 
parish  of  Creich,  Slischilish,  or  Ferrincoskie,  to- 
gether with  the  lands  of  Strath-charron,  Strath-^ 
hockell,  Scrivater,  and  Glenbeg.  To  this  Lean- 
dris succeeded  his  son  Tyre,  and  to  Tyre,  Paull 
M*Tyre,  whose  doughter  and  heire  (called  Kater- 
in,)  was  marryed  to  Walter,  (agnamed  Cluggmach,) 
laird  of  Belnagowne, 

Of  the  forsaid  Leandris  ar  descendit  the  haill 
Clan-leandris,  now  surnamcd  Ros:  Paull  M*Tyre, 
aforsaidj  (grandchild  to  Leandris,)  was  a  valiant 
man,  and  caused  Cathnes  pay  him  black  maill.  It 
is  reported,  that  he  got  nyn  scoir  of  cowes  yeirly, 
out  of  CathneS)  for  Mack  maill|  sb  long  as  he  was 
able  to  travcll. 


134       OP  THE  CLAK-GUNK,  CLAN-LLOD,  &C. 

This  Paull  had  a  sone  called  Murdo-reocb)  (a 
stout  and  hard'ie  captan,)  who  (quhill  he  was  tak- 
ing up  bis  custom  ky,)  was  killed  be  the  Cathnes- 
men  at  the  Spittell  hills,  and  Murdo's  bairns,  com- 
ming  out  of  Cathnes  then,  wer  drowned  at  Helms- 

Paul!  M^Tyre  built  a  house  in  Creicb,  called 
Drumscreich,  with  such  a  kynd  of  hard  mortar 
that  at  this  day  it  cannot  be  knowen  quherof  it 
was  maid  ;  and,  as  he  was  building  this  house,  he 
haid  intelligence  that  his  only  sone  was  slayne  in 
Cathnes,  which  mad  him  derist  fVom  furder  build- 
ing quhen  he  haid  almost  finished  the  sam,  and 
shortly  therafter  dyed  for  displeasyr  of  bis  lost 

The  lands  of  Creich-moir  and  Slischilish,  lyand 
on  aither  syd  of  the  water  of  Portinculter^  ar  called 
Ferrin-coscaiie,  and  did  appertain  somtyme  to  the 
Clandonald,  which  they  haid  from  the  earles  of 
Bos,  who,  possessit  the  sam,  as  appears  be  ane  in- 
infeftment,  granted  to  the  earle  of  Ros,  be  king 
Robert  Bruce,  the  sixteenth  year  of  his  raigne, 
and  yeir  of  our  Lord  1333,  of  certan  lands,  and 
especially  of  the  land^  of  Ferrin-coscarie,  or  Slis- 
ehilish,  desyned  to  ly  within  the  earldbme  of  Su- 

Thes  lands  of  Ferrin-coscarie  fell  to  the  lurds  of 
Kildone  and  Glengarrie,  by  the  marriage,  of  two 
sisters  of  the  surname  of  Clandonald,  who  wer 
heretrices  of  the  sam*  Which  lands  wer  aold  be 
Glengarrie  and  £iIdone  to  the  Btuns;  and  tbe 
Baynes  disponed  them  to  the  Monros* 







Bt  WILLIAM  BUCHANAN  or  Avcbxae. 

[First PubMedimiHe  Tear  1723.] 

Sff  Robert  Chapmmu 









I  MAY,  upon  very  solid  grounds,  presume, 
that  any  one  who  offers  to  treat  of  the  genealogy 
of  any  Scottish  surnames,  which  can  lay  any  just 
claim  to  considerable  antiquity,  especiiJly  such  as 
^re  planted  in  or  near  the  more  remote  or  High- 
land parts  of  this  kingdom,  cannot  in  reason  be 
supposed  to  have  records,  or  written  documents, 
upon  which  any  thing  that  ordinarily  is,  or  ration- 
ally may  be  advanced  upon  such  a  subject,  can  be 
founded ;  there  being  for  the  most  part  little  dili- 
gence used  by  these  surnames  or  clans  in  obtain- 
ing, and  though  obtained,*  in  preserving  any  such 
documents ;  as  is  evidently  instanced  by  the  de- 
porUhent  d(  the  nobility  and  barons  to  king  Ro^ 


bert  the  I.  upon  his  requiring  them  to  produce  their 
evidents :  there  being  also  many  contingencies, 
particularly  the  feuds  so  frequent  betwixt  families 
ef  these  clans,  carried  on  to  such  a  degree  ot  vio- 
lence and  animosity,  and  so  detrimental  to  the 
private  affairs  of  all  concerned  therein.  ''Besides, 
the  public  commotions  affecting  the  nation  in  gene- 
ral, may  in  reason  be  imagined  a  palpable  means 
of  the  loss  of  many  private  evidents  in  custody  of 
those,  subject  in  a  greater  measure  to  such  incon- 
veniences, than  were  many  other  surnames  planted 
in  the  more  inland  places.  Though,  indeed,  some 
who  treat  of  the  origin  even  of  Some  of  those  last 
mentioned,  are  obliged  to  found  their  allegations 
in  relation  to  the  origin  of  these  surnames,  of  which 
they  treat,  upon  probable  and  solid  tradition.  As 
for  instance,  that  exquisite  historian  of  the  celebra- 
ted surname  of  Douglas ;  also  the  historian  of  the 
surname  of  Lesly  ;  as  indeed,  in  general,  all  who 
treat  of  that  subject  use  the  same  method  in  rela- 
tion to  the  more  ancient  surnames.  The  reason 
being  obvious  which  obliges  them  so  to  do,  if  that 
allegation  be  as  generally  allowed,  as  the  same  is 
asserted  by  the  greatest  part  of  our  modern  writers, 
that  there  can  be  no  written  record  or  evident  evin- 
ced to  have  existed,  or  at  least  be  produced  of  a 
more  ancient  date  than  the  reign  of  king  David  the 
I.  which  compfienced  in  the  year  1124.  So  that  in 
that  case,  all  those  surnames,  whose  origin  is  assert- 
ed, to  be  more  ancient  than  ^he  commencement^  of 
that  reign,  must  of  necessity  be  founded  upon  tra- 
dition. Upon  which  account,  and  more  especially 
that  of  the  practice  of  the  above-mentioned  histo- 



mos,  I  judged  it  cannot  be  esteemed  any  dispar- 
agement to  me,  or  to  the  subject  I  resolve  to  treat 
of,  to  be  obliged  to  found  the  account  of  the  origin 
of  the  surname  of  Buchanan  in  general,  and  of 
six  of  the  first  principal  men  of  that  family  succes- 
sively in  particular,  upon  probable^  ^gd  uncontro- 
verted  tradition.     In  regard,  confor^p^  to  the  more 
modem  method  used  in  genealogiztng  that  sur- 
name, the  origin  of  the  same  is-  extended  to  a 
more  ancient  date  than  the  reign  already  men- 
tioned.    Though,  mean  while,  I  am  much  more 
inclinable   to  join   sentiments  with   those  of  the 
more  ancient  seneciones,  or  genealogists,  who,  upon 
,very  solid  grounds,  contend  the  generality  of  our 
clans,  and  more  ancient  surnames,  whose  origin  is 
truly  Scottish,  to  be  the  real  and  genuine  progeny 
of  the  Gathelian,  or  Scottish  colonies,  which  in 
the  se^'eral  junctures  before  and  afterwards,  under 
the  conduct  of  the  two  kings  Fergus  I.  and  II. 
came  from  Ireland,  and  planted  Scotland.     And 
for  confirmation  of  this  supposition,  these  demon- 
strate, that  many  of  the  most  potent  and  ancient 
surnames  in  Ireland  are  of  the  same  denomination^ 
(except  what  must  be  allowed  to  some  little  differ- 
ence of  the  dialect  and  accent  of  the  Irish  language 
used  in  both  nations,)  with  a  great  many  of  the 
most  ancient  and  modern  of  our  Highland  clans ; 
as  the  O^Donels  and  O^Neils  with  our  MacDonalds 
and  MacNeils ;  MacCustuIas,  almost  the  same  with 
MacAuslan,  the  ancient  denomination  of  the  pow 
surname  of  Buchanan,  with  divers  others*    A  good 
many  of  the  clans  do  as  yet  closely  adhere  to  this 
ancient  kind  of  genealogy.     Some  others  of  them 

14d  Accoimr  ov  the 

are  induced  to  adhere  to  a  newer  form,  composed 
b^*"  a  set  of  men  some  ages  ago,  oome  in  place  of 
the  amdent  sieneciones,  which  arrogate  to  themselves 
the  title  of  Antiquaries.    These  rejecting  the  an- 
cient method,  as  too  general,  and  inconsistent  with 
the  i!^otiond^6f  ^ese  more  modem  ages,  have  com- 
po^d  genealojgies  in  their  opinion  more  exact  and 
circumstantiate  than  the  former,  by  fixing,  upon 
certain  periods  of  time,  the  manner  and  other  cir- 
cumstitnces  relating  to  the  families  or  dans  of  whom 
they  tt^t.    But  all  their  allegations  being  founded 
upon  tradition,  and  the  matters  they  treat  of  being 
generally  of  more  ancient  date  than  the  ages  of 
these  antiquaries,  they  are  subject  to  the  same  in- 
conveniences,  and,  in  my  opinion,  can  be  allowed 
only  the  same  measure  of  historical  credit  due  to  , 
the  most  ancient  of  the  traditions  delivered  by  the 
former^  if  equally  solid  and  probable.    However, 
in  'regard  this  last  method  is  that  more  generally 
received  by,  and  most  agreeable  to,  the  taste  and 
sentiments  of  the  greater  part  of  those  of  the  pre- 
sent, and  some  bygone  ages,  I  shall  conform  my- 
self thereto  as  to  what  I  am  to  offer  in  relation  to 
the  origin,  and  other  concerns  of  the  surname  of 
Buchanan.    And  in  regard  these  latter  antiquaries 
do  derive  the  genealogy  of  some  of  our  Scottish 
elans,  upon  very  good  grounds,  from  the  Danes, 
rather  induced  thereto  by  the  fame  acquired  by  the 
Danes  by  their  martial  achievements,  for  some 
ages  in  Britain  and  Ireland,  than  upon  any  other 
solid  ground,  or  show  of  truth ;  and  more  espedal- 
ly,  seeing  the  progenitor  of  the  surname  of  Buch- 
anan (according  to  the  above  antiquaries)  was 

FAMILY  OF    B0€HANAN»  141 

obliged  to  abandon  Ireland,  through  tyranny  of 
the  same  Danes,  then  domineering  over  that  king- 
dom, J  presume  it  will  not  be  esteemed  too  incohe- 
rent with  the  ensuing  subject,  nor  unacceptable  to 
those  who  shall  have  occasion  of  perusing  the  same, 
that  I  should  briefly  glance  at  the  origin  of  that 
people,  and  some  few  of  these  surprising  achieve- 
ments managed  by  them  in  Britain  and  Ireland, 
and  some  other  parts,  as  a  native  introduction  to 
the  account  of  the  time,  manner,  and  cause  of  the 
Buchanans,  their  ancestor,  or  his  abandoning  Ire- 

The  Danes,  accordinig  to  ih&r  own  and  divers 
other  historians,  are  the  native  progeny  of  the  an- 
cient Cimbrians;  who,  as  PuffendorflF  relates,  had 
kings  for  some  ages  before  our  Savionr^s  nativity, 
having  dominion  over  Denmark,  Norway,  Sweden, 
and  some  other  northern  regions.  That  people  was 
of  such  a  gigantic  stature  and  unparalleled  fierce- 
ness, 89  gave  occasion  to  Livy,  prince  of  the  Bomnn 
historians,  to  relate  them  to  be  framed  by  nature  for 
the  terror  and  destruction  of  other  mortals.  These 
Cimbrians  in  the  third  consulship  of  the  famous 
Caius  Marius,  (then  the  glory,  though  afterwards 
the  scourge,  of  his  native  country,)  to  the  number 
of  four  hundred  thousand  fighting  men,  with  their 
wives  and  children,  went  to  invade  Italy,  which  put 
the  Romans  in  no  small  consternation,  concluding 
their  state  in  a  manner  lost ;  and  probably  it  would 
have  been  so,  had  not,  as  Livy  observes,  such  a 
brave  and  politic  captain  as  Marius  been  their  gene- 
ral at  that  juncture,  who  by  divers  stratagems  weak- 
ened the  power,  and  broke  the  fierceness  of  these 

148  Accomrr  OF  the  . 

barbarians^  and  in  cpiicIusioiSi  engaged  th^if  aiiny » 
and  entirely  defeated  tfae  same,  with  the  daughter 
of  one  hundred  and  forty  thousand  of  them.  Theif 
wives  and  children  daring  the  battle  being  placed 
in- waggons,  on  both  wings  of  their  army,  greatly 
molested  the  Romans  with  siings,' and  other  missive 
weapons ;  but  at  last  observing  the'  defeat,  they  iil 
the  first  place  killed  Iheir  children,  kad  lastly  thetn* 
selves ;  the  women  as  well  as  men  partaking  in  21 
great  measure  of  that  fierceness  natural  to  their  na- 
tion. This  fatal  defeat  struck  such  a  terror  to  the 
Cimbrians,  as  for  some  ages  thereafter  deterred 
them  from  encroaching  upon  the  Roman  territories; 
till  in  th<e  middle  of  the  fifth  century  of  the  chris- 
tian epocha,  having  some  ages  before  that,  chianged 
the  name  q£-  Cimbrians  into  that  of  Danes,  they 
made  up  a  part  of  that  formidable  army  with  which 
Jittik  the  Great,  king  of  the  Huns,  attempted  to 
subvert  the  Roman  empire  in  the  reign  of  the  em- 
peror Yalehtinian  III.  and  year  451.  And  in  re- 
gard these  were  the  two  most  formidable  anmes 
that  ever  invaded  the  Roman  state  and  empire,  and 
contributed  very  much  towards  subverting  the 
same,  I  shall  briefly  recount  the  manner  and  suc- 
cess of  this  expedition  of  Attila,  in  which  the  Danes 
werd  concerned,  and  shall  than  proceed  to  narrate 
some  of  the  most  considerable  actions  performed 
by  them  in  Britain  and  Ireland. 

Attila  was  king  of  the  Huns>  now  Hungarians, 
and  did  by  his  courage  and  conduct  bring  under 
his  subjection  most  part  ofalL these  nations  betwixt 
the  Euxine  and  Baltic  Seas,  entitling  himself  "  At- 
tila the  Great,  king  of  the  Huns>  of  the  Medes, 


Goths,  Vandals,  Gepidsand  Danes,  the  scourge  of 
God,  and  terror  of  the  world.***   This  magnaqimous 
and  ambitious  prince  resolved  to  subdue  the  Roman 
empire,  theti  in  the  decline,  and  in  order  thereto 
levied  an  army  of  five  hundred  thousand  .chosen 
men,  which,  the  quality  of  general  and  soldiers  duly 
considered,  was  not  qnly  of  power  to  subdue  the 
Roman  empire,  but  as  it  might  seem,  the  whole 
known  world.   Etius,  who  indeed  may  be  accounted 
the  last  of  the  Roman  heroes,  being  general  of. the 
Roman  array  in  Gaul,  and  being  informed  of  the 
inarch  of  this  army  towards  that  country,  not  only 
mustered  all  the  force  the  Roman  empire  could 
raise,  but  also  those  of  the  Visi-Goths,  and  Alans 
of  Spain,  Franks  and  Burgundians  of  France,  all 
at  that  time  in  confederacy  with  the  Romans;  by 
which  means  he  made  up  an  army  equal  to  that  of 
Attila,  and  engaged  in  battle  with  him  in  the  large 
plains  of  Chalons,  near  the  city  of  Lyons  in  France. 
This  battle  lasted  a  whole  day,  with  the  loss  in 
end  of  one  hundred  and  eighty  thousand  of  Attila^s 
army,  and  one  hundred  thousand  of  that  of  Etius. 
The  slaughter  was  so  prodigious,  that  the  waters 
of  a  rivulet   which   traversed   the   plains   where 
the  battle   was  fought,   were  so  increased  with 
blood,  as  carried  many  dead  bodies  divers  miles 
with  the  current  thereof.     Attila  being  in  a  manner 
defeated,  and  not  in.  condition  to  make  a  safe  re- 
treat, caused  fortify  his  camp  with  waggons  in  the 
night-time,  and  ordered  his  army  to  defend  the 
same  to  the  utmost.     Meanwhile,  having  caused  a 
lai^e  pile  of  combustible  matter  to  be  erected  in 
the  middle  of  his  camp,  be  ordered,  if  the  enemy 


should  enter  his  camp  per-force,  that  fire  should 
be  put  to  the  pile,  and  his.  body  burnt  therein,  to 
prevent  the  enemy  from  triumphing  over  the  same. 
Etius  next  morning  observing  Attila'^s  army  in  a 
posture  of  defence,  and,  considering  the  loss  his 
own  had  sustained,  thought  not  fit  to  assault  such 
a  number  of  desperate  men  ;  therefore  he  drew  off 
his  army,  and  by  that  means  gave  opportunity  to 
Attila  to  march  away  with  his. 

The  Danes,  with  their  neighbours  the  Saxons, 
for  some  considerable  time  before,  but  in  far  greater 
number  after  this  expedition  of  Attila,  having  6tted 
out  a  great  fnany  long  small  vessels,  by  them  termed 
Kiuis,  and  having  put  a  great  manj"^  of  their  people 
on  board  the  same,  grievously  infested  the  coasts 
of  Britain,  France  and  Ireland,  and  the  Nether- 
lands with  their  piracies;  but  in  a  greater  measure 
the  coasts  of  England  and  Ireland.  For  no  sooner 
had  the  Saxons  wrested  the  sovereignty  of  Eng- 
land from  the  Britons,,  than  the  Danes  began  their 
attempts  upon  the  Saxons  by  frequent  depreda- 
tions and  rapine  committed  upon  the  sea*coasts  of 
their  dominions ;  till  in  the  year  859,  and  reign  of 
Ethelred  the  I.  of  that  name,  and  LV.  monarch  of 
the  Saxons,  or  Engtishmen,  the  Danish  king,  being 
influenced  by  Biorn  a  discontented  Saxon  noble- 
man, sent  a  numerous  army  under  command  of 
Hubba  bis  son,  and  Hungar  a  Danish  nobleman, 
in  order  to  invade  England ;  who,  having  first 
landed  in  Scotland,  judging  by  the  easy  conquest 
thereof,  to  open  their  way  into  England,  were  here^ 
in  disappointed,  being  engaged  by  Constantine, 
the  Scottish  king,  o,tr  Leven-water  in  Fife,  and  the 

FAMILY  <»*  n^CMASjLV.  US 

ooe  hdf  of  their  armjr  wpunnnded  by  Hubba  de* 
Iwled ;  but  heing  relieved  by  the  otb^r  port,  the 
Saneft,  in  the  night-time,  imrehed  in  all  haste  to 
Crail,  where  their  ships  rode  at  anchor,  and  em* 
barking  their  nmy  with  all  diligence^  sailed  for 
Kaglaod,  in  which  aniving^  they  engaged  ^th  £d- 
mtnid  and  Osbnght,  tributary  kings  of  the  eaat 
Aisles  and  Noi^iimberluid,  lulled  these  two 
prinotB  in  battle,  and  possessed  most  part  gf  their 
dowunion.  And  not  only  jso,  but  in  a  short  time 
obliged  the  Saxon  kings  of  fUigland  to  pay  them  a 
vast  tribute  yearly,  which  they  augmented  at  plea- 
sure upon  every  advantage  they  obtained,  till  in  the 
esd  it  became  so  insupportable,  as  to  put  Ethelced 
the  II.  of  that  name,  kingof  Eii^laad,  upon  a  very 
tragical  method  of  redressing  the  same,  by  giving 
private  orders  to  bis  subjects  to  assassinate  all  the 
Danes  throughout  England  in  one  night ;  which 
was  punctually  performed  upon  the  eleventh  of 
November,  1013.  But  this  massacre  was  not  at- 
tended with  the  projected  success ;  for  Sueno,  king 
of  Denmark,  informed  of  his  countrymen's  fate,  arr 
rived  next/  year  with  a  potent  army  in  England, 
and  having  defeated  Ethdred  in  divers  battles,  ob- 
UgjQ^  ^^  ^  ^^  ^'^  ^  jdiattdon  his  dominions, 
and  fly  to  Normandy ;  Sueno  meantime  taking 
possession  of  the  whole  kingdom,  and  retaining 
poBsesmn  thereof  till  his  death,  as  did  Qanutus 
his  son,  Harold  md  Hardiknout  his  grandchildren, 
for  the  spate  of  twenty-suL  years,  with  greater  au- 
thority than  any  ever  did  that  kingdom.  And  if 
the.  royal  line  of  their  kings  at  that  period  of  time 
had  not  iailed,  wd  thdr  native  oountry  Denmark 


been  harrassed  with  civil  wars,  in  all  human  proba* 
bility  England  might  have  continued  for  a  mucb 
longer  time,  if  not  as  yet,  under  the  dominion  of 
the  Danes. 

.English  historians  assert  their  countrymen  to  be 
brought  to  the  utmost  degree  of  slavery,  during 
the  Danes  their  government ;  there  being  a  Dane 
quartered  in  each  Englishman's  house,  and  the 
Englishman  being  upon  all  occasions  necesatated 
to  show  a  deal  of  reverence  and  respect  towards 
his  guest,  and  to  address  him  always  by  the  title 
of  lord,  which  gave  a  rise  to  the  term  of  Lurdan, 
given  in  after  ages  to  idle  useless  fellows.  Yea, 
the  English  were  brought  to  that  pitch  of  dgec- 
tioii  and  servile  adulation,  as  to  urge  their  Danish 
king  Canutus  to  receive  divine  adoration  or  honour 
from  them.  For  which  purpose,  a*  vast  confluence 
of  his  subjects  attending  that  king  near  Southamp* 
ton,  he  ordered  his  throne  to  be  placed  within  the 
sea-mark,  and  being  set  thereon  at  the  season  the 
tide  flowed,  he  commanded  the  waters  to  keep  back 
and  not  to  approach  him ;  but  the  sea  disobeying 
his  orders,  he  was  obliged  to  retire  therefrom ;  up« 
on  which  he  caused  proclaim  aloiid,  that  none 
should  presume  to  give  divine  adoration  to  any, 
but  to  such  as  the  sea  and  all  other  created  beings 
behoved  to  obey.  These,  and  divers  such  stovies, 
English  writers  relate  concej*ning  the  servitude 
imposed  upon  tbem  by  the  Danes,  whose  avarice 
and  ambition  was  not  satiated  with  the  conquest 
of  England,  but  they  did  also  invade  France  under 
the  conduct  of  a  noble  Dane,  named  RoUo.  >  And 
though  that  nation  was  then  governed  by  Charles 


the  Bald,  a  very  martial  prince,  yet  after  a  tedious 
and  bloody  war,  he  was  obliged  to  yield  to  Rollo 
the  province  of  Neustria  to  be  possessed  by  him 
and  bis  army,  the  name  of  which,,  after  obtaining, 
he  changed  into  Normandy,  anno  866.  The  seventh 
in  descent  from  Rollo  was  duke  William  of  Nor- 
mandy, who,  in  the  year  1066,  with  a  potent  army 
invaded  England,  and  at  Hastings  engaged  in  bat- 
tle with  the  English  king,  Harold,  who,  with  fifty- 
nx  thousand  six  hundred  and  fifty-three^ of  his 
English  soldiers,  was  killed  :  and  duke  William, 
by  that  one  battle,  having  entirely  conquered  Eng- 
land, was  afterwards  termed  William  the  Con- 

'  The  Danes  being  desirous  to  try  their  fortune 
once,  more  in  Scotland,  to  retrieve  the  loss  lately 
sustained  by  them  therein,  invaded  that  kingdom 
the  second  time,  und^r  the  command  of  Hago  and 
Helricus,  in  the  reign  of  king  Indulfus ;  but  with 
no  better  success  than  at  first,  being  beat  back  into 
dieir  ships,  and  obliged  to  sail  off  for  England. 
Notwithstanding  of  these  reiterated  losses,  they 
With  a  more  numerous  army  than  in  any  former 
time,  invaded  Scotland  the  third  time,  in  the  reign  ' 
of  king  Kenneth  the  III.  and  year  988.  The  Scot- 
tish king  with  his  army  engaged  in  battle  with  the 
Danes  at  Luncarty,  within  few  miles  of  Perth,  in 
which  the  left  wing  of  the  Scottish  army  was  defeat- 
ed ;  which  one  Hay,  with  his  two  sons  observing, 
who  were  ploughing  at  the  tiifne  near  the  place  of 
battle,  pulled  the  beams  off  their  ploughs,  and  en- 
tered a  strait  pass  through  which  the  Scots  were 
flying,  and  beat  down.pronnscuously  all  who  came 


Within  tkenr  veaek.  The  Danes,  amased  HI  the 
sudden  change,  retired  to  the  bodj  of  th^  own 
army ;  as  did  the  fljing  Soot%  not  a  IiMlecnooufft* 
giedi  with  aU  speed  jmn  theirs :  and  bgr  a  mirade 
of  Divine  Provkkenee,  within  a  few  hour»^  obtaimed 
a  glorious  victory,  by  the  assistance  ei  these  tliree 
heroic  persons,  being  progenitors  of  the  noble  and 
ancient  name  of  Hat. 

The  Danes,  by  these  repeated  defeats,  being  ra* 
ther  incensed,  than  dejected,  with  a  greater  army 
and  more  resolute  than  ever,  invaded  Scotland  the 
fourth  tnne;  under .connnand  of  Oltaus  viceroy  of 
Norway,  and  Enecus  governor  of  Denmark,  in  the 
year  1010,  and  sixth  of  the  reign  of  king  Malcolm 
the  II. ;  who  with  his  army  engaged  in  battle  with 
the  Danes  at  Mortlicb,  and  after  a  bloody  and  ob* 
stinate  battle,  defeated  that  potent  army,  with  the 
death  of  one  of  their  generals,  Enecus.  Sueno 
the  Danish  king,  governing  then  in  England,  sent 
an  army,  under  command  of  Camus,  to  reinfiorce 
the  remainder  of  the  Danish  troops  in  Scotland ; 
which  being  done,  king  Malcolm  defeated  that 
army*  Also  at  Balbride  the  Danish  general  Ca- 
mus being  slain  by  a  Scottirii  gentleman  called 
Keith,  ancestor  of  that  honourable  family,  Sueno 
irritated  to  a  degree,  upon  intelligence  of  the  late 
defeat,  sent  the  most  potent  Danish  army  th«t  in 
any  age  invaded  Scotland,  \inder  command  of  his 
son  Canutus.  King  Malcolm,  notwithstaadKng  of 
the  vast  loss  he  had  sustained  in  the  two  former 
engagements,  did,  with  unparalleled  resolution  and 
bravery,  engage  in  battle  with  this  army  also,  which 
continued  till  night  separated  them*    The  Soots 


keeping  the  field,  were  reputed  victors,  and  as  such , 
were  addressed  next  day  for  peace  by  the  Danes, 
which  was  concluded  upon  very  honourable  terms 
to  the  Scots. 

'  It  is  recorded,  that  for  a  long  time  afler  the  bat* 
tie  of  LuDcarty,  all  Danes  and  Norvegians,  who  re- 
ceived the  honour  of  knighthood,  were  solemnly 
8Worn  upon  all  occasions  to  revenge  their  country- 
men^s  blood  upon  the  Scots :  but  that  after  this  last 
battle  fought  by  king  Malcolm,  there  was  a  curse 
imprecated  upon  all  such  of  those  nations  as  should 
attempt  to  invade  the  cursed  Scots ;  which  impre- 
cation, it  seems,  took  effect  in  the  Danes  their  two 
last  invasions  of  Scotland,  by  Sueno,  and  Acho, 
kings  of  Norway,  in  the  reign  of  king  Duncan  the 
I.  and  Alexander  the  II.  of  Scotland  :  the  first  of 
these  Norvegian  kings  getting  off  only  so  many  as 
manned  one  ship,  and  the  other  scarcely  what  could 
man  four,  of  their  two  numerous  armies.  So  that 
the  Danes,  who  were  a  terror  imd  scourge  to  most 
of  the  neighbouring  nations,  reaped  no  other  ad- 
vantage by  their  frequent  invasions  of  Scotland, 
than  that  the  same,  upon  very  good  grounds,  should 
be. termed  Dananxm  Tumulus^  The  grave  of  the 

The  reason  which  partly  induced  me  to  insist  at 
such  a  length  upon  the  Danes  their  wars  in  Scot- 
land, and  conquests  in  other  parts,  was,  to  illus- 
trate the  Scots  their  heroic  valour  and  bravery,  so 
conspicuously  superior  to  that  of  any  of  their  neigh- 
boiirtDg  nations  of  these  tiipes,  to  the  conviction  of 
all,  who  industriously,  if  not  maliciously,  endea* 
vour  to  derogate  in  any  degree  therefrom.  For 


though  the  reason  why  the  Soots,  after  divevs  at- 
tempts for  that  effect,  continued  uiwiOiK|aeved  l^ 
the  Romans,  be  imputed  to  the  inai3ee9sU}I«ne8a' ^ 
their  country,  by  which  means  tbey  were  defeadbd, 
rather  than  by  force  of  arms^;  yet  no  sud»  reaabn 
can  hold,  in  the  Dane»  their  freqjuent  invasiote  of 
them;  all  that  war  being  managed  in  the  open 
fields,  with  plain  force,  and  fait  {day,  as  the  pm>- 
verb  runs.  While  at  the  same  tie^,.  most  other 
nations,  with  whom  they  had  dealings,,  were  eillffiF 
obliged  to  submit  to  their  yoke,  or  allow  theoi' very 
advanti^eous  conditicms,  as  is  evident  by  wha^  is 
already  mentioned,  and  no  less  so.  by  what  follo^ra. 
In  relation  to  Ireland,  the  historians  of  that  n»* 
tion  assert  the  Danes  to  have  begun  their  descents 
and  depredations  in  the  be^nning  of  the  fourth 
century,  upon  the  seacoasts  of  that  kingdom^ ;.  wbidi 
obliged  Cormackulfada,  then  king  of  Ireiand^  to 
employ  three  thousand,,  or,  as  others  say^  mne 
thousand  of  the  choice  men  of  the  kingdom ;  whidi 
number  he  appointed  as  astafidingarmy,.  for  op- 
po^g  the  insults,  and  restraining  the  raptaea  of 
(hese  Danish  pirates*  These  forces  were  terawd 
Feans^  being  the  andeat.  Irish  ti^nn  for  giants ; 
and  their  general  was  termed  king  of  Feans,^  than 
which  the.  Irish  use  no  other  term  as  yet  in  their 
own  language  for  a  general.  About  the  middle  of 
the  fifth  century,  the  Iridi,  with  some  of  oar 
Scottish  historians,  assert  Finmacoel  to  be  general 
of  these  Irish  forces ;  whose  huge  stature  and  ac- 
titons  against  the  Danes,  and  others,  are  somewiiat 
above  measure  extoUed  in  divers  rude. rhymes,  in 
^eir  own  langu^e,  retained  as  yet  by  the  Iriab^ 

FAMI&Y  eV  fiVQRANAN.  151 

and  bjr  scNoe  of  6vkv  ScoUisk  H%hktfders«r    How^ 

evmr^  tbk  pmeralf  with  these  uadev  bis  ammaiid^ 

gafre<  so  inAiiy  cheeks  to  the  Danes^  as  obliged 

thteitt  for  some,  tkne  to  desist  from  infestiiig  his  Ba^ 

live  country.     Birt  he  W9»  badly  regarded'  for  bier 

good  senrioe  by  bis  uograteful  countrymeDy-  \pbo 

esteemed  those  forces  useless  in  time  of  peaeOf 

and  d^orous  to  be  Srec  ^sooie  little  tax.  of  clothes^ 

arms  and  provision,  ordinaiily  paid  tbem^  uponr 

their  refusing  to  disband,  by  the  permissioD,  or 

rather  contriTance  of  Corbred  the  Irish  kiag,  Fean 

with  all  his  forces  were  assassinated  iir  one  nighi. 

Which  inhuman  action  was  not  long  unpunished : 

the  Danes  within  few  years  thereafter,  halving  witb 

greater  numbers  and  violence  than  at  any  formei^ 

time,  infested  the  coasts  of  that  kingdom,   and 

finding  the  same  destitute  of  the  diseiplined  troops 

whieh  were  ia  use  to  oppose  their  insolences,  were 

thereby  encouraged  to  marcb  a  good  way  into  the 

inland  country;  which  having  done  wMv  little  or 

no  oppositions,  they  fortified  themselves  iii  a  .eon- 

venient  place^  and  sending  some  of  their  mimber 

to  Denmark  for  more  forces^  whieb  they  obtained 

in  «  short  space,  subdued  a  good  part  of  the-  king-* 

dom ;  having  fortified  and  garrisoned  a  good  many 

of  the  seapcHTt  towns  thereof^  and  also  builtthrougb- 

ont  the  kingdom,  forts  at  convenient  dialaiftees) 

termed  in  Irbh,  Baes^  or  wheels,  in  regard  their 

form  was  round  like  that  of  a  wheel.     These  foits 

were  ordinarily  biiilt  upon  emmences,  the  in«de 

thereof  raised  wi(b  stime,  and  the  outside  faeed 

w;ith  square  turf,  of  •  considerable  heagbt  and 

breadth,  thal^  four  men  migbt  walk  idireaat  round 


the  same*  The  buildings  were  joined  round  the 
inside  with  sloping  roofs.  There  were  also  two^ 
sometimes  more  ports,  or  entries,  with  stairs  moant- 
ing  to  the  battlement,  and  a  draw-well  or  spring; 
within  each.  The  garrisons  kept  in  these,  with  the 
others  in  the  fortified  towns,  so  overawed  the  Irish, 
that  they  durst  not  fall  upon  any  means,  or  so 
much  as  think  of  regaining  their  liberty ;  although 
they  had  always  elective  kings  of  their  own  natives, 
not  always  of  the  old  line  of  their  kings,  but  more 
often  of  other  stems,  the  state  of  the  country  oblige 
ing  them  to  choose  men  of  valour  and  conduct, 
without  much  regard  had  to  their  pedigree.  These 
elective  kings  were  rather  kings  in  name,  than  ef- 
fect, being  in  condition  for  a  long  time  of  doing 
no  other  service  in  behalf  of  their  country,  than  to 
keep  themselves  with  such  as  adhered  to  them  in 
woods,  mountains,  and  other  inaccessible  places, 
being  intent  upon  all  occasions  to  cut  ofip  such 
small  parties  of  the  Danes  as  they  found  l^itber 
robbing  or  purchasing  provisions  in  the  country. 

Things  continued  in  this  state  till  the  year  998, 
in  which  the  Irish  elected  a  valiant  nobleman,  and 
eminently  expert  in  martial  feats,  for  their  king, 
called  Brian  MacEennedy :  who  entering  upon  the 
government,  and  pondering  with  himself  what  in- 
superable difficulties  he  was  to  grapple  with,  in 
supporting  the  burden  of  such  a  disordered  state, 
did  fall  upon  the  most  effectual  methods  he  could 
in  prudence  imagine,  for  remedy  of  the  present  in- 
conveniences;  and  for  that  effect  having  called 
his  whole  subjects  to  a  general  rendezvous,  he  elec- 
ted out  of  them  nine  thousand  men,  which.number 


he  kept  as  a  shnding^  unny  in  p]aee  of  the  old 
Feims,  termiiig  this  neir  army  Dalgheass.-  Foe 
the  subsistence  of  these,  he  iiiipoBed  apob  that 
part  of  the  kingdom  subjeet  to  him,  a  tax  in  money, 
whieh  seennrthe  first  of  that  imture  imposed  there. 
This  king  upon  that  account  was  termed  Brian- 
boray,  or  the  taxer,  who^  with  his  select  band  of 
the  Dalgfaeass,  with  other  forces,  prosecuted  the 
war  so  successfully  against  the  Danes,  that  he  not 
only  defeated  them  in  d^ers  battles,  but  also 
obhged  them  to  abandon  their  whole  forts^  or  raes. 
throughout  the  kingdom ;  and  in  fine,  immured 
them  within  the  four  stt^oog  t^wns  of  Disblin, 
Limerick,  Cork,  and  Eiogsail,  These  being  sup« 
plied  by  the  Danish  pirates  at  sea,  king  Brian  re^ 
solved  to  deprive  them  of  that  advantage,  by  or« 
dering  a  certain  number  of*  ships  to  be  rigged  out 
for  clearing  the  coasts  of  these  Danish  pirates* 
JFor  this  purpose,  he  ordered  the  provincial  kings^ 
and  other  nobility,  to  convey  certain  quanitities  of 
timber  to  the  next  ad§acen«  seaport^  and  amongst 
others,  Mallmoro  MacMurcho,  provincid  king  of 
Leinster,  whose  sister  was  king  Brian-s  queen. 
MacMurcho  designing  to  visit  king  Brian  residing 
then  at  Tara,  went  in  company  with  his  servants, 
who  had  the  care  of  conveying  his  share  of  the 
timber,  of  which  a  large  masT,  in  carrying  through 
a  rugged  way,  stuck  betwixt  tvro  rocks,  so  as  nei- 
ther force  of  horse  nor  servants  could  disengage  . 
the  same,  till  at  length  MacMurcho  himself  was 
obliged  to  dismount,  and  assist  his  servants:  in 
whieh  business  a  silver  clasp  whieh  he  wore  in^  the 
breasi  of  his  purple  mimtle,  was  almost  torn  off; 


which  not  regarding,  he  proceeded  on  his  journejr^ 
and  arriving  at^  Tara,  after  some  conference  with 
the  king,  went  to  visit  the  queen  his  sister,  who^ 
noticing  his  mantle,  asked,  how  it  came  to  be  so  : 
be  telling  plainly  the  manner,  the  queen  desired  a 
sight  of  it,  which  so  soon  as  she  obtsdned,   she 
threw  it  into  a  fire  which  was  in  the  room ;  withal 
reproaching  her  brother,  in  most  bitter  terms,  that 
he  and  his  predecessors  being  provincial  kings,  he 
should  so  far  degenerate,  as  to  become  in  a  man- 
ner a  slave  to  her  husband,  whose  ancestors  never 
exceeded  the  character  of  noblemen.   MacMurcho^s 
choler,  as  well  as  ambition,  sufficiently  inflamed 
by  these  speeches,  and  some  others  which  past  be- 
twixt him  and  prince  Murcho  king  Brian^^  eldest 
son,  left  the  court  in  a  great  rage,  and  posted  to  the 
Danish  garrison  in  Dublin,  using  what  arguments 
he  could  with  them,  to  use  all  diligence  in  getting 
supplies  of  men  from  the  king  of  Denmark,  promis* 
ing,  upon  their  so  doing,  to  join  them  with  all  the 
forces  of  Leinster.     The  Danes  being  now  in  des- 
perate circumstances,  gladly  accepted  of  his  pro- 
posals, and  despatching  a  message  to  the  Danish 
king  importuned  him  earnestly,  that  he  should  not 
neglect  to  send  a  competent  army  to  their  assist- 
ance ;  for  that  then,  or  never,  the  affairs  of  Ireland 
were  to  be  retrieved.      The  king  of  Denmark, 
being  that  Sueno  who  afterwards  conquered  Eng- 
land, glad  of  this  opportunity,  despatched  an  army 
of  fifteen  thousand  men  for  Ireland,  under  com- 
mand of  Carolus  Knutus  his  brother,  and  Andreas 
a  Danish  nobleman,  with  all  the  Danish  pirates, 
and  others  in  garrison  in  Ireland  to  join  this  army. 


Which  being  done,  kikd  MacMurcho  joining  also 
with  his  Leinstermen,  made  up  altogether  an  atmy 
of  sixty  thousand  men.     Of  all  which  king  Brian 
getting  intelligence,  levied  an  army  of  fifty  thou- 
sand men  to  oppose  these  invaders,  whom  he  found 
encamped  in  the  plain  of  Clantarf,  within  two 
miles  of  Dublin.     These  two  grand  armies  drawing 
near  one  another,  neither  did,  nor  could  defer 
joining  battle ;  which  was  begun,  and  muntained 
with  equal  valour  and  obstinacy  for  most  part  of 
the  day,  till  towards  evening,  the  left  wiiig  of  the 
Irish  army  began  to  give  ground,  which  bnive 
prince  Murcho  observing,  (king  Brian  his  father, 
by  rea§on  of  his  great  age,  being  left  in  the  camp) 
caused  a  regiment  left  there  for  guard  of  the  old 
king  to  be  hastily  brought  out,  with  which  he  so 
vigorously  charged  the  right  wing  of  the  enemy's 
army,  commanded  by  Carolus,  as  wholly  disordered 
the  same,  and  caused  the  death  of  Carolus  their 
general;    at  whose  fall  the  Danes  were  so  dis- 
couraged, that  they  wholly  abandoned  the  field, 
flying  towards  Dublin,  the   Leinstrians  bearing 
them  company,  whose  perfidious  king  was  also 
killed,  as  the  just  reward  of  his  perfidious  rebellion. 
Prince  Murcho,  i^ith  his  own  guards,  too  resolutely 
pursuing  a  part  of  the  Danish  army  which  went 
off.  in  a  body,  was  unfortunately  killed,  being  a 
prince  of  the  greatest  expectation  of  any  ever  born 
in  that  country.     The  old  king  was  also  killed  by 
a  party  of  Danes,  which  accidentally  fled  near  by,  and  observing  the 'same  without  any 
guards,  entered  it,  as  also  the  king^s  tent,  and 
killing  all  they  found  therefn^  thereafter  escaped. 

156  AceouHT  er  ths 

There  are  reported  to  be  slaia  id  this  fatal  battle 
senrent J  thousapd  men,  with  all  the  penoBS  of  dis- 
ttaetion  on  both  sides.  The  circamstances  of  this 
raeBdorable  battle  are  not  only  related  by  the  Iiish, 
but  ako  by  Marianus  Scotus,  an  unexoeptiooaUe 
historian.  The  Irish  never  fully  retrieved  the 
loss  sustained  in  this  battle ;  but  in  the  end,  by 
the  means  of  Dermud  MaeMurcho,  lineal  successor 
of  the  former,  the  Irish  nation  was  brought  und^ 
sutgection  to  the  Boglish  in  the  year  1171  • 

After  this  £sital  disaster,  for  want  of  a  more 
sufficient,  the  Irt^  were  necessitated  to  iekct  Mad- 
seachluin  for  king,  whom  they  had  formerly  de* 
posed  upon  aecoufit  of  his  inciqpacity  to  govem» 
and  he  behoved  to  be  much  more  so  at  this  time, 
in  regard  of  bis  great  age.  This  old  king  oo«ikl 
do  little  good  for  repairing  of  the  disordered  atate 
6t  his  country,  4he  remnant  of  the  Danes  having 
secured  themselves  in  their  garrisons,  and  being 
reinforced  with  new  supplies  from  England,  over 
which  Sueno  the  Danish  king,  or  as  others 
say  Canutus  his  son,  had  then  the  sovereignty. 
So  that  by  these  joint  Danish  forces,  Ireland  was 
reduced  to  its  form^  state  of  servitude,  dll  in 
soine  ikne  an  occasion  was  presented  to  the  Irish 
king  of  doing  service  to  his  country. 

Sueno,  or  Canutus,  at  this  time  king  of  Eng- 
land, and  Denmark,  his  birth^day  approaririnf^ 
which  all  the  Danish  officers  and  soUiers  in  Ire- 
land resolved  to  sofomnia^  with  great  jollity.  Tor- 
genus,  the  Danish  general,  sent  orders  po  all  the 
Danish  officers  in  Ireland  to  repair  to  Limerick, 
being  their  principal  garrison  andbisresidanosy 

..  J 


to  assist  at  the  solemnity,  fearing  nothing  that  the 
Irish  would  or  could  do  in  such  low  circumstances. 
1%e  goieral  at  the  same  time  sent  orders  to  the 
Irish  nobility  and  gentry,  to  send  to  Limerick 
against  the  king's  birtb*day  a  thousand,  or  as  others 
eayt  two  thousand  of  the  most  beautiful  of  their 
daughters,  to  dally  with  the  Danish  officers  at  that 
festivaL    Of  this  the  Irish  king  getting  intelligence, 
resolved  to  send  the  desired  number  of  the  most 
clear  com|dexioned  youths  could  be  found,  clothed 
in  women^l  habit,  with  long  Irish  skiens,  or  dag- 
gers, below  their  clothes,  with  orders  that,  so  soon 
as  they  went  to  bed  with  their  several  paramours, 
bang  generally  drunk  on  such   occasions,  they 
should  stab  them  with  these  concealed  daggers, 
and   afterwards   seize    upon    their  guard-housej 
where,  their  arms  were  laid  by,  and  if  matters  suc« 
ceeded,  to  give  a  signal  by  kindling  a  large  fire 
upon  the  town  wall ;  the  Irish  king  with  a  small 
party  being  absconded  in  a  wood  near  by,  in  e3&^ 
pectation  of  the  event.     These  Irish  viragoes  put 
their  orders  in  execution  to  the  utmost,  and  having 
gtv^i  the  concerted  signal  to  the  king,  introduced 
him  and  his  party  to  the  town,^  who,  without  any 
mercy  or  resistance,  killed  all  the  Danes  in  the 
garrison,  being  destitute  of  sense,  officers,  and 
arms,  reserving  their  general  Turgesius  for  fur- 
ther-punishment^  which  was  inflicted  upon  him  by 
diowning,  which  then,  and  as  yet,  is  reputed  the 
most  ignominious  death .  among  the  Irish..    Mo^ 
of  aU  the  other  Danes  throughout  the  kingdom 
were  shortly  after. cut  off.     This  massacre  was  a 
kind  of  parallel  to  anodier  of  that  nature  commit- 


ted  on  the  Danes  in  England  «>me  little  time  be^ 
fore  thih  by  command  of  Ethelred,  the  En^tsli 
king.  But,  as  that»  so  also  this  fell  short  of  the 
sacoess  projected  thereby.  For  no  sooner  was  th^ 
Danish  king  of  England  informed  of  his  country 
men's  disaster,  than  he  sent  a  powerful  army  into 
Ireland,  which  with  the  utmost  rigour  did  prose- 
cute all  who  had  any  hand  in  this  late  tri^gady ; . 
So  that  most  of  them  fell  yibtiikis  to, the  n^  of 
their  inveterate  enemies,  and  those  who  did  HOI 
were  necessitated  to  abandon  their  native  country* 
Among  the  number  of  these  was 

Ansblav  Busy,  or  Faib,  Okyan,  son  to  Okyaa, 
provincial  king  of  the  south  part  of  Ulster,  being 
one  of  the  youths  concerned  in  the  above-mett^ 
tioned  massacre.  These  Okyans,  with  some  others 
of  the  nmst  andent  and  reputed  Irish  surname 
are  asaerted  to  be  of  the  Milesian  stem  or  lineage ; 
as  are  also  the  McDonalds,  and  some  others  of 
our  Scottish  dans.  These  Milesians  are  reputed 
the  progeny  of  the  sons  of  Milesius,  Gathelifflit 
king  of  GaUieia  in  Spain,  under  whose  conduct  the 
Gathelians,  or  Scots,  were  first  brought  to,  and 
planted  in  Ireland :  so  that  all  surnames  in  Ireland, 
<or  Scotland,  descended  of  these^  term  tfaemsdyies 
in  tbeir  native  language,  Clatoa  Miley,  or  die 
Milesian  progeny. 

The  time  of  this  Anselan  Okyan  hisieaving  Ir^ 
land  is  generally  computed  tx>  be  ill  the  year  1016, 
and  twelfth  year  of  king  Maleolm  II.  his  v&ga* 
He  having  landed  with  some  attendants  upon  die 
northern  coast  of  Argyllshire,  near  the  Lennox, 
was^  by  a  nobleman  who  had  a  considerable  inte- 

FAMILY  or   BUCHANAN-.  1|^9 

rest  in  those  part,8,  and  m  the  kiiig^a  fnvpur)  intro** 
du^d  to  the  kiog,  who  took  him  into  his  service 
Jlgniost  the  Danes ;  in  which  service,  upon  several 
occasions,  particularly  those  two  last  hatdes  fought 
by  that  king  against  Camus  and  Caautus,  Okyan 
so  signalized  himself,  that  he  obtained,  in  reoom* 
pence  of  his  service,  several  lands  in  the  north 
part  of  Scotland,  of  which  the  lands  of  Pitwhonidy 
and  Strathyre  may,  upon  good  grounds,  be  pre* 
samed  a  part;  which  in  due  place  shall  be  more 
particularly  observed. 

Not  only  the  Okyans  of  the  south  part,  but 
also  the  Oneils  of  the  north  part,  with  all  the  other 
provincial  kings,  who  enjoyed  that  title  in  the 
kingdom  of  Ireland,  upon  the  English  conquest  of 
tbat  kingdom,  were  not  only  obliged  to  quit  their 
title  of  kingship,  but  also  a  great  part  of  the  terri* 
tories  ei^yed  by  them  formerly,  and  to  content 
themselves  with  the  title  of  noblemen*  The  Oneils, 
formerly  kings  of  the  north  part  of  Ulster,  were 
after  that  conquest  entitled  earls  of  Tyrone;  as 
were  the  Okyans,  provincial  kings  of  the  south  part, 
entitled  lords  of  Duoseverin :  with  which  family 
the  lord  M'Donald  of  the  Isles,  the  laird  pf  I^a- 
moad,  and  other  principal  families  of  the  High-r 
land  clans,  have  been  allied.  The  circvimstances 
of  the  Okyans  in  the  kingdom  of  Ireland  are  at 
present  somewhat  low  :  however,  upon  all  occa* 
Mons  wh^ein  they  have  business  or  converse  with 
any  of  the  name  of  Buchanan  in  that  kingdom, 
they  adhere  closely  to  them  upon  account  of  the 
ancient  relationt  This  Anselan  Okyan,  and  some 
of  his  ancestors  called  by  that  name,  are  in  old 


charters  termed  Absalon ;  which  difference  is  not 
material,  in  regard  the  writers  of  these  charters 
(as  it  would  seem,)  were  not  acquainted  with  the 
orthography  of  ancient  Irish  names,  and  therefore 
expressed  those  which  were  better  known,  and 
could  best  be  rendered  in  Latin.  As  is  evident 
by  a  charter  relating  to  the  family  of  Macpharlan, 
wherein  the  progenitor  of  that  surname  is  termed 
Bertholoneus ;  whereas,  by  the  manner  that  name 
both  write,  and,  in  an  ordinary  way  of  speaking, 
express  themselves,  their  progenitor's  proper  name 
behoved  to  have  been  Partholanus,  or  Partholan, 
a  knowii  ancient  -  Irish  name :  as  is  also  that  of 
Anselan,  ancestor  of  the  M'Auslans,  now  Buchanan. 
So  that  the  manner  the  clerks  of  these  more  an- 
cient times  expressed  these  names  is  not  to  be  too 
much  criticised  nor  relied  upon. 

There  is  a  current  tradition,  or  account,  that 
this  Anselan  Okyan  married  one  Denniestoan, 
heiress  of  a  part,  if  not  the  whole,  of  the  estate  of 
Buchanan.  But  this  account  is  not  too  generally 
adhered  to,  because  that  heiress  of  the  name  of 
Denniestoun,  whom  that  Anselan  married,,  is  only 
reputed  to  have  had  some  little  part  of  the  estate 
of  Buchanan,  with  Drumquhuassib,  and  other 
lands  on  the  water  of  Ainrick ;  and  because  the 
greater  part  of  the  estate  of  Buchanan  was  given 
to  the  same  Anselan,  by  king  Malcolm,  with  other 
lands,  in  reward  of  his  service  agiunst  the  Danes. 
Though,  indeed,  the  name  of  Denniestoun  was  a 
very  ancient  and  honourable  name  in  the  LenDox» 
and  continued  to  be  so  for  divers  ages ;  Hugb» 
lord  of  Denniestoun^  being  witness  to  a  charter^ 

FAlimY  or  BUCHANAN.  161 

gmHed  bj  MnJooIoi,  the  firat  of  that  name  earl  of 
Leimox^  to  Johii»  laird  of  Lu«8,  in  the  reign  of 
kSbg  AlKtaoder  HI.  As  abo  Robert,  lord  Den* 
iuettottiit  i»  recorded  to  be  sheriff  of  Dmibartoun4 
thire  in  the  reiga  of  king  Robert  I.  The  male 
iaaae  of  tbif  family  failed  in  the  reign  of  king  Ro* 
hert  IIL  '  The  lord  Denniestoun  his  two  daugbr 
ten  beiBg  then  married,  the  eldest  to  Cunning* 
barne  of  Kilmaurs^  and  the  second  to  Maxwel  of 
Calderwood.  Deooiestoun  of  Colgrain  is  now  the 
representative  of  that  ancient  family. 

Apsdan  Okyan  not  only  was  recompeoced  for 
this  service  by  king  Malcolm  with  lands  of  coq» 
siderable  value^  but  also  with  very  splendid  arms ; 
as  the  same  king  is  recorded  to  have  done  to  the 
aneestor  of  the  Keiths,  upon  his  killing  of  Camus 
the  Daeisb  general,  and  to  others  upon  the  like 
accounts.  The  arms  assigned  by  that  king  to  this 
Anselan^  upon  account  of  his  descent,  and  more 
especially  upon  account  of  his  heroic  achieve- 
BiveptSy  are*  in  a  field  Or,  a  lion  rampant  sable, 
armed  and  langued  gules,  holding  in  his  paw  a 
salnre,  or  crooked  sword,  proper.  Which  arms 
that  surname  retained  always  without  the  least 
addition  or  variation,  until  that  addition  obtained^ 
upon  a  very  honourable  occasion,  at  the  battle  of 
OauipB)  as  in  due  place  shall  be  observed.  Not^ 
withstanding  of  the  entire  affection  of  that  family 
for  several  ages  to,  and  dependence  upon,  the  fami- 
ly of  LenQOX,yet  Uie  family  of  Buclianan  did  never, 
by  way  of  concession  or  patronage,  assume  any 
part  of  that  honourable  family  their  armorial  bear- 
ing ;  albeit  it  is  evident  that  most  other  ordinary 

162  ACCOUNT  OF  THJft 

names  of  this  kingdom,  at  some  time  or  occasion, 
assumed  some  one  part  or  other  of  their  patronor 
superior'^s  armorial  bearing  in  conjunction,  with 
their  own.  As,  for  instance,  most  samamesof 
Tiviotdale  and  Douglasdale  assume  a  part  of  the 
Douglasses  arms ;  and  those  of  Murrayland  the 
arms  of  the  Murrays.  So  that  few  of  an  equal 
character  with  that  of  Buchitnan  reserved  their 
arms  so  free  of  any  addition  or  mixture  as  that 
surname  did ;  which  is  no  small  argument,  not 
only  of  the  honour  of  the  family,  but  also  of  the 
cause  and  reason  of  the  first  granting  of  these 

'  This  Anselan  Okyan,  agreeable  to  the  most  or- 
dinary and  received  genealogy  of  that  surname^  is 
reputed  the  progenitor  of  that  surname,  and  first 
laird  of  Buchanan.  His  son  and  successor  was 

John,  in  whose  favours  (as  I  have  been  in- 
formed by  gentlemen  of  very  much  integrity,  who 
asserted,  they  had  seen  the  same  in  custody  of 
the  late  laird  of  Buchanan,)  there  _was  a  charter, 
granted  by  Alcuin,  (as  it  would  seem,)  first  earl 
of  Lennox,  in  the  reign  of  king  Malcolm  III.  of 
the  Wester  Mains  of  Buchanan.  But  the  late 
laird  of  Buchanan,  in  the  decline  of  his  age  and 
judgment,  having  conveyed  his  estate  to  strangerSf 
by  that  means  many  of  his  ancient  evidents,  as  not 
conductive  to  the  purpose  then  in  hand,  are  lol^t, 
and  probably  this  charter  among  others.  And, 
therefore,  not  having  seen  the  same,  I  cannot 
positively  determine  thereanent;  but  will-  only 
place  this  John,  agreeable  to  the  traditional  ac- 


count  delivered  of  him,  as  son  jEind  successor  to 
the  first  Anselan,  and  consequently  second  laird  of 
Buchanan.  John,  his  son  and  successor,  conform 
to  the  same  manner  of  account,  was  called  > 

Ans£Lai4,  the  second  of  that  name,  and  third 
laird  of  Buchanan  ;  whose  son  and  successor  is 
reported  to  be 

Walteb,  the  first  of  that  name,  being  fourth 
laird  of  Buchanan.  This  Walter^s  son  and  suc- 
cessor is  reported  to  be 

GiBALD,  or,  as  others  say,  and  that  with  most 
probability,  Bebnabd,  being  fifth  laird  of  Buch- 
anan. I  have  been  credibly  informed,  that  these 
three  last  mentioned  lairds  are  recorded  as  wit- 
nesses in  a  mortification,!  granted  by  Aluin,  earl 
of  Lennox,  of  the  lands  of  Cochnacb,  and  others, 
to4he  old  churdi  of  Eilpatriok,  before  the  founda- 
tion of  the  monastery  of  Fasly  ;  and  I  have  seen 
myself  a  charter,  by  which  that  church,  and  lands 
•mortified  thereto,  by  the  same  Aluin,  or  an  earl 
of  that  name  his  successor,  are  disponed  to  .that 
abbacy,  some  little  time  after  the  foundation  there- 
of. But,  not  having  seen  this  other  charter,  in 
vhich  these  three  lairds  of  Buchanan  are  inserted^ 
I  l4^ve  what  concerns  the  same  undetermined. 
Bernard,  the  last-mentioned  laird  of  Buchanan, 
his  son  and  successor  was  called 

Macbbath,  being  sixth  laird  of  Buchanan. 
And  this  proper  name  was  very  the 
Macauslans,  before  the  assumption  of  the  surnamje 
of  Buchanan,  as  also  to  that  sept  of  that  surname, 
who,  after  assumption  of  Buchanan,  have  retained 
as  yet  the  ancient  denomination ;  asy  for  instance. 


one  Macbeatb  Macauslan,  proprietor  of  that  little 
iat^reol  called  the  barony  of  Macaualan,  in  the 
Lennox,  who  lived  in  the  reign  of  king  Robert 
III.  and  of  whose  uncommon  stature  and  strength 
some  aooounts,  are  retained  to  this  yery  time. 
Mad>eath>  laird  of  Buchanan^s  age  is  evidenoedj 
by  the  record  after-specified,  in  favours  of  bis  sob 
aad  successor 

Anbelak,  the  third  o(  that  oamct  and  sevmth 
laird  of  Buchanan;  who  is  ordinarily  termed,  in 
any  record  in  which  he  is  mentioned^  **  Anselani  son 
of  Macbeatb,  and  sennescallus,  or  chamberlain,  to 
the  earl  of  Lennox,^  in  written  mortifications  in 
die  cbartulary  of  the  abbacy  of  Fasly.  This  A»^ 
selan  the  third,  with  Gilbert  and  Methlen  his  two 
sons,  are  inserted  witnesses  in  a  charter,  granted 
by  Malduin,  earl  of  Lennox,  to  Gilmore,  son  of 
Maoldonich,  of  the  lands  of  Luss,in  the  beginning 
of  the  veign  of  king  Alexander  II.  and  they  are 
designed  in  that  charter  the  earl's  clients,  or  vas- 
sals. This  Anselan  the  third,  besides  Gilbert  his 
^didest  son  and  successor,  who  first  assumed  the 
surname^ of  Buchanan,  and  Methlen  his  second 
SOD,  ancestor  of  the  McMillans,  had  a  third  sob 
catted  Colman,  ancestor  of  the  MacColmans,  as 
shall  be  elsewhere  more  fully  illustrated. 

Anselan,  third  of  that  name,  and  seventh  laird 
4;i  Budianan,  having  succeeded  bis  father  Mac- 
beatb, as  already  said,  obtiuaed  from  Malduilk, 
earl  of  Lennox,  a  charter  of  an  Island  in  Lochlo- 
mond,  called  Clareinch,  dated  in  the  year  1825, 
witnesses,  Dougal,  Gilchrist,  and  Amelyn,  the 
•A4rFs  brethren.     The  same  Anselan  is  ako  men- 


tioned  as  witness  in  a  charter,  granted  by  the  earl 
of  Lennox;  of  the  lands  of  Dalmanoch  in  mortifi- 
cation to  the  old  church  of  Kilpatrick,  by  the  de- 
signation of  Absalon  de  Buchanan ;  Absalon  being 
the  same  name  with  Anselan,  as  has  been  already 
observed.  Though  that  of  Clareinch  is  the  most 
ancient  can  be  found  in  this  age»  in  relation  to  the 
family  of  Buchanan,  nevertheless,  it  is  very  pre» 
sumeable,  there  were  other  charters  of  greater  an- 
tiquity belonging  to  that  Family,  the  first  of  them 
found  upon  record  being  of  that  repute,  and  char- 
ters having  become  customary  so  long  before  that 
time ;  as  is  partly  instanced  by  the  original  charter 
of  Luss,  which  was  of  an  anterior  date  to  this  of 
Clareinch;  yet  the  same  Anselan,  with  two  of  his 
sons,  Gilbert  and  Methlen,  are  designed  the  earPs 
clients,  or  vassals,  therein.  I  have  been  also  in<» 
formed,  by  some  of  very  good  judgment,  who 
went  thorow  the  late  Buchanan's  evidences  when 
entire,  that  they  observed  one  little  charter,  being 
the  original,  of  as  great  antiquity  as  any  other  in 
the  .kingdom,  being  reckoned  to  be  granted  in  or 
about  the  reign  of  king  David  the  I.  which,  with 
other  of  these  evidences,  having  since  gone  thorow 
so  many  hands,  mavi  upon  very  good  grounds,  be 
presumed  to  be  neglected,  or  rather  lost 

The  isle  of  Clareinch  was  the  slugorn,  or  call  of 
war,  proper  to  the  family  of  Buchanan  ;  such  like 
being  usual  in  all  other  families  in  these  times, 
and  for  some  following  ages.  So  soon  as  this  call 
was  raised  upon  any  alarm,  the  word  Clareinch 
was  sounded  aloud  from  one  to  another,  in  a  very 
little  time,  throughout  the  whole  country :  upon 

*^  A00Q9NT  OF  ia» 

hearing  of  which,  all  eflfective  men  belonging  to 
the  laird  of  Buchanan  with  the  utmost  diligence, 
repaired  well  armed  to  the  ordinary  place  of  ren- 
dezvous, which,  wfabn  the  lairds  resided  in  that 
whmd,  was  upon  aground  upon  the  shore  opposite 
thereto.  That  which  in  these  more  modem  times 
came  in  place  of  the  slugom  was  the  fire-croM, 
bemg  a  httle  stick  with  a  cross  on  one  end  of  it, 
the  extremities  of  which  were  burnt,  or  made  black 
by  fire.  This  cross,  being  once  sett  a-going,  was 
earned  through  with  such  despatch,  as  ia  a  few 
Hours  would  alarm  the  people  of  «  vast  extent  of 

GuBBBi  his  son,  being  first  of  that  name,  and 
«ght  laird,  and  who  first,  by  any  thing  can  be 
coUected,  assumed  the  surname  of  Buchanan,  was 
senescal,  or  chamberlain,  to  the  earl  of  Lennox, 
Which  office  his  father  Anselan  enjoyed  for  some 
nnw.  There  is  a  charter  of  confirmation  of  that 
«  Clarewch,  and  some  other  lands  of  Buchanan, 
granted  m  favour  of  this  Gilbert,  by  king  Alexan- 
oer  II.  in  the  seventeenth  year  of  bis  reign,  and 
f  our  Lord  1231.  •  The  same  Gilbert  is  also 
mserted  witness  in  a  charter,  granted  by  Malcolm, 
earl  of  Lennox,  discharging  the  abbot  and  monb 
ot  Pasly  of  aU  service  and  duties  prestable  by 
them  to  the  earl,  for  any  lands  mortified  by  him 
«f  his  ancestors  to  that  abbacy ;  which  chartw  u 
dated  at  Renfrew,  in  year  1274.  +  To  Gilbert 
succeeded  his  son 




Sta  Maubio&«  first  of  that  naiiie»  and  ninth 
kurd  of  Buchanan,  as  is  evident  by  a  charter  of 
confirmation,  by  Malcolin,  earl  of  Lennox,  in  fa^ 
Tours  of  Makdme  M'EdoIf»  son  to  Gilmichal 
M^Edidf  of  West  Cameron,  of  the  lands  of  Gar^ 
tachorrans,  dated  at  Bellach,  in  the  year  1274» 
Witnesses  to  the  said  charter,  Patrick  Graham» 
Maurice  of  Buchanan,  and  Duncan,  son  of  Aulay^ 
knights.  *  Sir  Maurice  had  three  sons,  Maurice 
his  successor,  Allan,  who  first  married  die  heiress 
of  Lenny,  and  John,  always  reputed  ancestor  of 
Buchanan  of  Auc^n^ven*  He  was  succeeded  by 
hia  son 

Sia  Maurice,  second  of  that  natnci  being  tenth 
laird  of  Buchanan,  as  is  clear  by  a  charter,  by 
Donald,  earl  of  Lennox,  to  Maurice  of  Buchanan^ 
SOB  and  heir  to  Sir  Maurice  of  Buchanan,  of  the 
lands  of  Sallocliy,  with  confirmation  of  the  upper 
part  of  the  carrucate  of  Buchanan,  f  This  chax^ 
ter,  as  do  many  others  granted  in  these  tioMS^ 
wants  a  date,  but,  by  the  subsequent  service,  the 
time  in  which  this  Maurice  lived  is  j^nly  BHule 
a(^)ear,  he  being  onie  of  the  members  of  an  inquest, 
by  Malcolm,  earl  of  Lennox,  for  serving  of  M»» 
thild,  Elizabeth,  and  Forveleth  Lermonths,  beirs- 
portioners  to  Thomas  Lermonth  of  Cremennan, 
thmr  father ;  the  sud  inq[ttest  being  at  the  kirk  of 
KUleam,  in  the  year  13K),  and  fourteenth  year  of 
the  reign  of  king  Robert  L  X    The  other  menibeys 

*  Chtrttdiiry  of  Dunbartonshire,  f  Charter  among  Bun- 
boiton^s  old  evidences.  $  Extract  of  the  above  aervice  from 
tha  Cfaartokty  «f  Dwibortonahire. 


Uiereof,  besides  Bachanan,  were  Duncan  M'Edolf, 
Eugen  Mackessan  of  Garchell,  Malcolm  Macmur- 
dac>  Kessan  Innes  of  Finicktenent,  Gilleqnc  Mao- 
sawel  of  Ledlewan,  John  M^Gilchrist,  Malise 
Macalbaine  of  West  Finnickf  Gilchrist  Mackessan, 
Gilbert  Macpaddo,  Gilchrist  Mac^lbert,  and  Pad- 
mund  Maceggo.  All  which  gentlemen  may,  upon 
good  grounds,  be  supposed  to  have  been  of  most 
considerable  interest  and  repute  of  any  others  in 
that  country  and  age ;  yet  in  this  there  is  not  the 
least  memory  of  any  dP  them  extant,  except  of 
Buchanan,  a  very  remarkable  instance  of  that  vast 
alteration  and  decay  surnames  and  other  affairs  fre- 
quently meet  with  in  an  ordinary  tract  of  time. 

As  his  &ther  Sir  Maurice  had,  so  did  also  this 
gentleman  adhere  to  the  cause  and  interest  of  his 
prince  and  country,  with  much  resolution,  constan*^ 
cy  and  valour,  to  the  evident  hazard  of  his  life 
and  fortune,  in  imitation  of  his  brave  patron,  that 
eminent  patriot,  Malcolm,  earl  of  Lennox :  who^ 
with  the  lairds  of  Buchanan  and  Luss,  the  first 
the  greatest  nobleman,  the  others  the  best  gentle- 
men, and  of  best  repute  and  drcumstances  of  any 
others  in  these  parts  of  this  kingdom,  could  never, 
by  any  artifice  used  by  the  kings  of  En^and, 
be  induced  to  do  any  action  prejudicial  to  their 
own  honour,  or  the  interest  of  their  native  coun- 
try ;  as  is  demonstrable  by  their  refusing  to  «gn 
the  ragman  roll,  which  few  others,  or  rather  none, 
of  any  tolerable  repute,  or  circumstances,  either 
durst  or  did  decline.  There  is  a  traditional  ac- 
count, that  kibg  Robert  Bruce,  after  his  defeat  at 
Dalree,  near  Straithfillan,  by  Macdougal,  lord  of 


Lorn,  and  his  adherents,  came  all  alone,  on  foot, 
along  the  north  side  of  Locblomond,  (being  the 
most  rugged  way  of  any  other  of  this  kingdom,) 
the  day  after  that  battle,  to  the  pastle  of  Buch- 
anan ;  where,  being  joyfully  received,  an4  for 
some  days  entertained,  he  was  secretly  conveyed,' 
by  the  earl  of  Lennox  and  Buchanan,  to  a  place 
of  safety.  This  report  is  the  more  probable,  in 
regard  there  is  a  cave  near  the  shore  of  Locblo- 
mond, in  Buchanan  parish,  termed  the  King^s 
Cave;  it  being  reported,  that  king  Robert  lay 
over  night  in  that  cave,  in  his  journey  towards 

This  Maurice  lived  to  a  considerable  age,  hav- 
ing obtained  a  charter  of  the  lands  of  Buchanan 
from  king  David  Bruce,  in  the  beginning  of  his. 
reign.  He  is  also  witness,  in  the  same  reign,  in  a 
charter,  by  Donald,  earl  of  Lennox,  to  Finlay 
Campsy,  of  a  part  of  the  lands  of  Campsy,  being 
designed  in  that  charter,  Maurice  Macausland, 
dominus,  or  laird  of  Buchanan :  whence  it  is  pretty 
pliun,'  that  though  the  surname  of  Buchanan  was 
assumed  by  Gilbert,  this  Maurice  his  grandfather, 
yet  he  and  some  of  his  successors  seem  to  have 
used  their  ancient  surname  as  their  humours  or 
inclinations  led  them^  Maurice  the  second  his 
successor  was 

SiK  Walter,  second  also  of  that  name,  and 
eleventh  laird.  He  seems  to  have  been  a  very 
active  gentleman,  and  made  a  very  bright  figure 
in  his  tim6,  having  made  a  very  considerable  addi- 
tion to  his  old  .estate  by  the  purchase  of  a  greaA 
many  other  lands.  There  is  a  charter  of  confirma- 


tion  of  some  of  his  lands  of  Buchanaiii  granted  in 
his  favours  by  king  Robert  II.  in  which  he  is  de- 
signed the  king^s  consanguineus,  or  cousin,  upon 
resignation  of  William  Boyd  of  Auchmar,  in  the 
hands  of  Walter  of  Faslane,  lord  of  Lennox,  of 
the  lands  of  Cameron,  Drumfad,  and  divers  other 
lands.  *  Sir  Walter  lived  to  a  great  age,  having 
only  one  son, 

JouN,  who  married  the  heiress  of  Lenny,  and 
died  before  his  father,  and  was  never  entered  to 
the  estate  of  Buchanan.  However,  seeing  this 
John  had  issue,  which  continued  or  carried  on  the 
line  of  the  family,  I  shall  mention  him  in  order  as 
his  father  Walter's  successor.  Tlie  clearest  do- 
cument caii  be  found  in  relation  to  him  is  a  char- 
ter, granted  by  king  Robert  III.  in  favo\irs  of 
John  Buchanan  and  Janet  Lenny  his  spouse,  in 
life-rent,  and  to  their  heirs,  in  fee,  of  the  biaronry 
of  Pitwhonydy,  in  the  year  1363.  f  Whether  the 
baronry  of  Pitwhonydy  belonged  formerly  to  the 
family  of  Lenny,  or  was  part  of  that  which  be- 
longed to  the  family  of  Buchanan,  and  was  at  this 
juncture  given  off  by  this  John  to  that  of  Lenny, 
cannot  be  clearly  determined,  this  being  the  most 
ancient  charter  relating  to  that,  or  any  other  lands 
in  hands  of  the  present  Lenny.  Nor  is  there  so 
much  as  a  tradition,  that  the  family  of  Lenny  bad 
any  lands  before  this  marriage,  except  those  pos- 
sest  by  Keir  and.  Lenny,  and,  as  is  thought,  some 
part  of  these  lands  so  designed  in  Mid-Lothian. 

*  Charter  among  Buchanan's  old  evidences. 
f  Ch.  penes  Buclianan  de  Lenny. 


This  John,  twelfth  laird  of  Buchanan,  is  the  first 
mentioned  in  the  genealogical  tree  of  Buchanan, 
there  being  a  part  of  that  tree  cut  awayi  the  actor 
as  well  as  design  of  that  action  being  unknown. 
John,  laird  of  Buchanan  and  Lenny,  had  three 
sons,  who  came  to  age ;  the  eldest,  Sir  Alexander, 
who  killed  the  duke  of  Clarence  at  the  battle  of 
Bauge,  was  also  himself  afterwards  killed  at  the  bat- 
tle of  Vernoil,  anno  1424,  being  never  married. 
The  second  was  Sir  Walter,  who  succeeded  to  the 
estate  of  Buchanan;  and  the  third,  John,  during  his 
father's  lifetime  designed  of  Ballachondachy,  and 
who  did,  after  his  father^s  death,  .succeed  to  the 
estate  of  Lenny,  as  the  tree  of  Buchanan  aQ^ 
some  other  evidents  among  Jthose  of  Buchanan, 
testify,  as  shall  be  in  due  place  observed.  I  will 
elsewhere  briefly  recount  some  of  the  heroic 
achievements  of  that  gallant  gentleman.  Sir  Alex- 
ander, eldest  son  to  John,  laird  of  Buchanan,  who 
acquired  an  addition  to  the  armorial  bearing,  and 
a  much  greater  to  the  honour  of  his  family ;  and 
will  endeavour  to  remove  some  little  mistake  our 
historians  are  in  concerning  his  surname;  and, 
meanwhile,  proceed  to  the  account  of 

Sib  Walteb,  third  of  that  name,  and  thirteenth 
laird  of  Buchanan,  who,  upon  the  death  of  Sir 
Alexander,  succeeded  to  his  father  John,  laird  of 
Buchanan  and  Lenny.  There  is  a  charter,  granted 
by  Duncan,  earl  of  Lennox,  to  Walter,  laird  of 
Buchanan,  of  the  lands  of  Ledlewan ;  and  he  is 
witness  to  a  charter,  by  the  same  earl,  to  John 
Hamilton,  son  and  heir  to  John  Hamilton  of  Bar- 
dowie,  of  the  lands  of  Bathemock;  most  of  bis 


'  evidents  in  relation  to  the  estate  of  Buchanan 
being  by  some  contingency  or  other  lost.  How- 
ever, he  is  mentioned  by  the  genealogical  tree  of 
the  family,  and  is  thereby  asserted  to  be  married 
to  Isobel  Stewart,  daughter  to  Murdoch  Stewart, 
duke  of  Albany,  and  governor  of  Scotland,  and  to 
Isobel,  heiress  of  Lennox,  his  lady.  This  mar- 
riage is  further  made  appear  by  a  charter,  in  the 
hands  of  Buchanan  of  Drumikill,  granted  by  Iso- 
bel, duchess  of  Albany  and  countess  of  Lennox,  to 
one  Donald  Patrick,  of  a  tenement  of  houses  and 
land  next  adjacent  to  the  north  side  of  the  church- 
yard of  Drymen,  dated  in  the  year  1443.  Wit- 
nesses being  Andrew  and  Murdoch^  the  duchesses 
nephews,  and  Walter,  laird  of  Buchanan,  her  son- 
in-law,  knight,  with  divers  others.  Sir  Walter 
had  three  sons,  Patrick  his  successor,  and  Maurice, 
who  was  treasurer  to  lady  Margaret,  daughter  to 
king  James  I.  and  dauphiness  of  France ;  having 
gone  to  that  kingdom  with  her,  there  is  no  further 
account  of  him.  His  third  son  was  Thomas, 
Carbeth's  ancestor.  Sir  Walter  had  a  daughter 
married  to  Gray  of  Foulis,  the  lord  Gray  his  an- 
cestor.    To  Sir  Walter  succeeded  his  son 

Patrick,  first  of  that  name,  and  fourteenth 
laird  of  Buchanan.  He  acquired  a  part  of  Strath- 
yre  from  David  Oquhuanan,  heritor  thereof,  in 
the  year  1455,  being  the  date  of  the  charter  there- 
of, confirmed  by  charter  under  the  great  seal  in 
the  year  1458,  as  is  also  a  charter  in  his  favour 
under  the  great  seal,  of  his  estate  of  Buchanan, 
dated  in  the  year  1460.  He  purchased  the  lands 
of  Easter  Ballcun ;    and,  in  the  year  1414,  re- 


signed  the  lands  of  Drumfad  and  EirkmicheaU  in 
favour  of  Walter  Buchanan  his  son  and  heir,  which 
this  Walter  sold  to  the  laird  of  Ardkindlass  in  the 
year  1513.-  Patrick,  laird  of  Buchanan,  and  An* 
drew,  laird  of  Lenny,  made,  in  the  year  1455, 
mutual  tailzies  of  their  estates  in  favour  of  one 
another,  and  the  heirs  of  their  own  bodies,  and 
past  some  of  their  brethren  of  either  side ;  by  which 
it  is  pretty  clear,  they  have  been  no  further  re- 
moved in  kindred  than  cousin-germ  ans :  so  that 
the  genealogy  of  both  families,  as  already  asserted, 
will  hold  good.  He  was  married  to  one  Galbraitb, 
heiress  of  Killearn,  Bamoir  and  Auchinreoch,  and 
had  with  her  two  sons,  Walter  his  successor,  and 
Thomas,  ancestor  of  Drumikill,  and  a  daughter^ 
Anabella,  married  to  her  cousin,  James  Stewart 
of  Baldorrans,  grandchild  to  Murdoch,  duke  of 
Albany.  He  had  also  an  illegitimate  son,  Fatri^^ 
of  whose  issue  there  is  no  account. 

The  last- mentioned  laird  of  Buchanan  being 
married  to  an  heiress  of  the  name  of  Galbraitb^ 
and  the  circumstances  of  that  name  being  now 
parallel  to  that  of  Buchanan,  mutual  sympathy,  in 
a  manner,  obliges  me  to  digress  a  little,  in  giving 
a  brief  account  of  that  name. 

The  name  of  Galbraith  is  evidently  an  an- 
cient Scottish  surname,  the  denomination  of  that 
name  importing  in  Irish^  A  brave  stranger.  The 
first  I  find  upon  record  of  this  name  was  Gillespie^ 
or  Archibald  Galbraith^  being  inserted  witness  in 
a  charter,  by  Malduin,  earl  of  Lennox,,  to  Hum- 
phrey Kirkpatrick^  of  the  lands  of  Colchoun^  in 
the  reign  of  king  Alexander  II.  This  Gillespie's 


son  was  Mauricei  as  evinces  a  charter,  in  his  fa- 
vour, of  Cartonbenach,  now  Bathemock,  by  the 
above  Malduin,  earl  of  Lennox,  in  the  forecited 
reign.  Maurice^s  son  was  Arthur,  in  whose  favour 
there  is  a  charter  of  Auchincloich  and  Bathernock, 
with  power  to  seize  and  condemn  malefactors, 
with  this  proviso,  that  those  so  condemned  be  hang- 
ed upon  the  earPs  gallows.  This  charter  is  of 
date  in  the  year  1238.  Witnesses,  David  Linde- 
say,  David  Graham,  William  Douglas  *MaIcolm, 
thane  of  Calentyr,  Maurice  Galbraith,  Auleth, 
the  earPs  brother,  and  Maurice,  parson  of  Drymen. 
Arthur's  sons  were  William,  ancestor  of  Culcruich, 
as  testifies  a  charter,  in  his  favour,  by  Malcolm, 
earl  of  Lennox,  of  these  lands,  and  the  ancestors 
of  the  Galbraiths  of  Greenock  and  Killeam  :  the 
hieiress  of  the  principal  family  of  Bathernock  hav- 
ing married  a  son  of  the  lord  Hamilton,  the  present 
Bardowie's  ancestor ;  as  did  the  heiress  of  Greenock 
a  son  of  Shaw  of  Sauchy,  Shaw  of  Greenock^s 
,  ancestor ;  and  the  heiress  of  Eiilearn  was  married 
to  the  laird  of  Buchanan.  The  only  remaining 
family  of  that  name  being  Culcruich,  Galbnuth, 
laird  thereof,  fell  into  such  bad  circumstances,  in 
king  Charles  I.  his  time,  as  obliged  him  to  pass 
his  estate  and  go  to  Ireland,  where  his  posterity 
are  in  very  good  circumstances.  Galbraith  of 
Balgair  is  now  representative,  the  family  of  BaU 
gair^s  ancestor  being  a  son  of  that  family* 

To  Patrick,  laird  of  Buchanan,  succeeded  hia 

Waltkh,  fourth  of  that  name,  and  fifteenth 
laird  g€  Buchanan,  as  is  clear  by  the  charter  of 


resignation,  in  his  favour,  by  Patrick  his  father,  in 
the  year  1474.  He  married  the  lord  Graham^s 
daughter^  whose  mother  was  the  earl  of  Ang^s^s 
daughter.  Of  this  marriage  be  bad  Patrick  bis 
successor,  who,  as  is  confidently  asserted^  was,  with 
a  great  many  of  his  name,  killed  at  the  battle  of 
Flowdon,  in  the  year  1513 ;  and  John  of  Aucb* 
mar,  afterwards  Arnpryor  and  6artartan,and  two 
daughters,  one  of  them  married  to  the  laird  of 
Lamond,  the  other  to  the  laird  of  Ardkinglass; 

Patrick,  the  second  of  that  name,  albat  his 
father  outlived  him  many  years,  yet,  as  in  the 
tree  of  the  family,  so  also  in  this  place,  he  may  be 
accounted  the  sixteenth  laird.  He  was  married  to 
the  earl  of  Argyll  his  daughter,  her  mother  being 
the  earl  of  Huntley's  daughter.  He  bad  of  this 
marriage  two  sons  and  two  daughters,  that  came 
to  age.  His  eldest  son  was  George  his  successor, 
bis  second,  Walter,  Spittle's  ancestor.  His  two 
daughters,  were  married  to  the  lairds  of  Auqbin* 
breck  and  Calder.  He  bad  also  an  illegitimate 
son  called  Robert.    Patrick^s  successor  was 

Georgb,  first  of  that  name,  and  seventeenth 
Iturd  of  Buchanan,  as  is  clear  by  charter,  under 
the  great  seal,  in  his  favour,  of  the  lands  of  Buch- 
anan, in  the  year  1530.  He  purchased  the  lands 
of  Duchray  and  others,  as  evinces  charter  thereof^ 
anno  15^.  He  was  made  sheriff-principal  of 
Dunbartonshire,  anno  1561.  He  was  first  married 
to  Margaret  Edmonstone,  daughter  to  the  laird  of 
Duntreatb,  her  mother  being  Shaw  of  Sauchy^s 
daughter.  He  bad  of  this  marriage  John  his  suo^ 
cessor.  He  married  for  his  second  lady,  Janet  Can- 


ningbame,  daughter  to  Cunninghame  of  Criugens, 
being  first  married  to  the  laird  of  Houstoun.  He 
had  with  hiB  second  lady,  William,  ancestor  of 
Buchanan  of  Auchmar,  in  whose  favour  his  father 
grants  charter  of  the  thirteen  merk  land  of  Straith- 
yre,  in  the  year  1556.  He  had  also  of  this  mar- 
riage one  daughter,  Margaret,  first  married  to  Cuiv* 
ninghame  of  Robertland,  secondly,  to  Stirling  of 
Glorat,  and,  lastly,  to  Douglas  of  Maines,  George 
was  succeeded  by 

JoHK,  second  of  that  name,  and  eighteenth 
laird  of  Buchanan.  His  father  grants  charter  in 
his  favour,  in  the  year  1552.  He  died  before  his 
father,  and  was  twice  married,  first,  to  the  lord 
Levingstone^s  daughter,  her  mother  being  daugh- 
ter to  the  earl  of  Morton,  whijch  marriage  was  con-* 
summated  by  virtue  of  a  dispensation,  in  regard 
of  propinquity  of  blood.  There  was  of  this  marr 
rii^  one  son,  George,  who  came  to  age.  He  mar- 
ried, secondly,  a  daughter  of  one  Chisholm,  bro- 
ther to  the  bishop  of  Dumblane,  and  had  with 
her  one  daughter,  married  to  Mr.  Thomas  Buch- 
anan of  Ibert,  lord  privy-seal.  To  John  succeeded 
his  son 

SiK  Geokoe,  second  of  that  name,  and  nine* 
ieenth  laird  of  Buchanan,  as  is  clear  by  charter, 
in  his  favour,  by  king  Henry  and  queen  Mary,  of 
the  lands  of  Buchanan,  iaies  of  Clareinch  and 
Kepinch,  with  bell  and  alms  of  St.  Kessog,  dated 
in  the  year  1564.  This  Sir  Geoi^  was  married 
to  Mary  Graham,  daughter  to  the  earl  of  Moo- 
teith,  her  mother  being  the  lord  Seaioun^a  daugh<p> 
ten    Of  this  marriage  he  had  one  mhi»  Sfir' John^ 


and  two  daughters,  Helen,  married  to  Alexander 
Colchoun  of  Lu8s,  and  Susanna,  first  married  to 
John  MacFarian  of  Arrochar,  secondly,  to  Camp- 
bell of  Craignish.     Sir  George's  successor  was 

SiE  John,  third  of  that  name,  and  twentieth 
laird  of  Buchanan,  as  appears  by  charter,  in  his 
favour,  by  king  James  VI.  of  the  lands  of  Buch- 
anan, in  the  year  1618.  This  Sir  John  mortified 
six  thousand  pounds  Scots  to  the  university  of 
Edinburgh,  for  maintaining  three  bursets  at  the 
study  of  theology  there ;  and  an  equal  sum  to  the 
former  to  the  university  of  St.  Andrews,  for  mwn- 
taining,  upon  the  interest  thereof,  three  bursers  at 
the  study  of  philosophy  there:  and  constituted 
the  magistrates  of  Edinburgh  managers,  or  patrons, 
of  both  mortifications,  as  the  one  double  of  the 
contract  betwixt  the  said  Sir  John  and  the  ma- 
gistrates of  Edinburgh,  in  the  hands  of  the  duke 
of  Montrose,  among  the  late  Buchanan's  evidents, 
does  testify.  Sir  John  married  Anabella  Areskin, 
daughter  to  Adam  Commendator,  or  lord  Cam^ 
btiskenneth,  being  son  to  the  master  of  Mar,  her 
mother,  Drummond  of  Carnock's  daughter.  He 
had  with  her  one  son,  George  his  successor,  and 
a  daughter,  married  to  Campbell  of  Eahdn.  Sir 
John's  successor  was 

SiE  George,  third  of  that  name,  and  one  and 
twentieth  laird  of  Buchanan.  He  married  Elizar 
beth  Preston,  daughter  to  Preston  of  CraigmiUar, 
her  mother  being  Hay  of  Pheinzie's  daughter. 
Sir  George,  being  colonel  of  Stirlingshire  regiment, 
lost  a  great  many  of  his  regiment  and  kinsmen  at 
the  fatal  conflict  of  Ennerkeithing,  in  wWcb  bong 


taken  prisoner,  he  djed  in  that  state,  in  the  latter 
part  of  the  year  1651,  having  left  one  son,  John 
his  Bucessor,  and  three  daughters,  Helen,  married 
to  Sir  John  Rollo  of  Bannoqkburn  ;  Agnes,  mar- 
ried to  Stewart  of  Rossyth ;  and  Jean  to  Lecky  of 
that  Ilk. 

John,  third  of  that  name,  the  two  and  twentieth^ 
and  last  laird  of  Buchanan,  succeeded  to  his  father 
Sir  George.  He  was  first  married  to  Mary  Areskin, 
daughter  to  Henry,  lord  Cardross,  her  mother  be- 
ing Ballanden^of  Broughton^s  daughter,  and  sis« 
ter  to  the  first  lord  Ballanden.  With  her  he  had 
one  daughter  Elizabeth,  married  to  James  Stewart 
of  Ardvorlich.  He  secondly  married  Jean  Fringle, 
daughter  to  Mr.  Andrew  Fringle  a  minister.  With 
her  he  had  one  daughter,  Janetj  married  to  Henry 
Buchanan  of  Lenny.  John,  last  laird,  died  in  De- 
cember 1682. 

Having  thus  given  agenealo^cal  account  of  the 
family  of  Buchanan,  it  may  not  be  improper  to  en- 
quire how  their  estate  came  to  be  disposed  of  upon 
the  extinction  of  the  family.  Not  to  go  any  fur- 
ther back,  it  is  fit  to  know,  that  Sir  John  Buchan- 
an, grand-father  to  the  last  laird,  by  his  frequent 
travels  into  foreign  nations  and  other  extrayagan- 
cies,  had  involved  his  estate  in  such  an  immense 
debt,  that  his  grandson  found  it  inconvenient  for 
him  to  enter  as  heir,  till  he  had  caused  David,  lord 
Cardross,  his  brother-in-law,  to  compound  with  the 
most  preferable. of  his  creditors,  and  upon  that  com- 
pontion  to  apprize  the  estate ;  upon  which  acquisi- 
tion of  Cardross,'  he  entered  upon  the  estate  as  sin- 
gular successor ;  nor  did  he  seek  for  any  new  right 


during  the  life  of  the  ladj  Mary  Areskin,  his  first 
lady,  who  at  her  death  left  only  one  daught^. 
Some  few  years  after  which,  he  entertained  some 
thoughts  of  a  second  marriage,  and  for  that  pur- 
pose addressed  himself  to  a  daughter  of  Sir  John 
Colchoun  of  Luss;  between  which  family  and 
that  of  Buchanan,  there  had  been  such  frequent 
alliances,  and  communication  of  mutual  good  offices, 
as  rendered  the  proposal  very  agreeable  to  Sir  Jobn« 
The  only  obstruction  that  o£fered,  sprung  from 
the  mutual  tailzies  betwixt  the  families  of  Buchan- 
an a|id  Auchmar,  whereby  both  interests  were  set- 
tled upon  heirs-male.    Buchanan,  in  order  to  re- 
moTe  this  difficulty,  went  to  London  and  obtained 
a  new  charter  of  his  estate,  upon  the  right  already 
mentioned,  acquired  by  him  from  the  lord  Car- 
dross  ;  and  further,  procured  an  additional  clause 
in  it,  impowering  him  to  dispone  his  estate  to  heirs 
whatsoever,  and  to  whom  he  pleased.    By  this 
means,  Buchanan  of  Auchmar,  nearest  heir-male, 
and  next  in  succession  by  the  tailzie,  was  wholly 
excluded,  and  his  pretehsions  cut  off.     Buchanan^s 
design  however,  was  wholly  defeated ;  the  young 
lady  having,  much  against  his  expectation,  married 
the  laird  of  Eeir  before  his  return.     This  disap- 
pointment.had  such  effects  upon  his  high  spirit,  as 
in  a  little  time  threw  him  in  a  palsy,  and  prejudiced 
him  in  his  judgment,  in  which  unhappy  circum- 
stance he  continued  till  his  death.     A  little  time 
before  this  misfortune  befell  him,  John  Buchanan 
of  Arnpryor,  then  a  widower,  having  come  into  Btt- 
chanan^s  family ,  gained  such  an  influence  over  him, 
as  to  be  eatrusted  with  the  whole  management  r^ 


his  affairs.  Arnpryor  was  not  wanting  to  improve 
such  an  opportunity  for  the  promoting  his  own  in- 
terest, and  found  means  to  prevail  on  the  laird  to 
agree  to  a  match  between  his  daughter  and  Am- 
pryor^s  son,  then  a  student  of  the  civil  law,  that  by 
this  means  the  estate  might  be  kept  in  the  name, 
failing  other  heirs  of  Buchanan.  The  proposal 
would  have  certainly  taken  place,  had  not  the 
young  lady  interposed,  by  refusing  her  consent ; 
upon  which)  her  father,  then  very  much  declined 
in  judgment,  conceived  so  much  displeasure  against 
her,  as  to  make  a  disposition  of  his  estate  in  favour 
of  Arnpryor,  and  in  prejudice  of  her  right  How- 
ever, keeping  this  paper  in  his  own  custody,  and 
happening  to  go  to  the  bath  for  recovery  of  his 
health)  he,  in  his  return,  fell  in  love  with  Mrs. 
Jean  Pringle,  and  married  her,  and,  upon  her  ar* 
rival  at  Buchanan,  caused  the  disposition  in  favour 
of  Arnpryor  to  be  cancelled,  which  gave  rise  to  an 
inveterate  animosity,  which  continued  ever  after, 
between  him  and  Arnpryor. 

In  a  little  time  after  this  marriage,  Buchanan, 
for  i:easons  we  cannot  account  for,  disponed  his 
estate  to  an  old  comrade  of  his,  major  Greorge 
Grant,  governor  of  Dunbarton  castle,  with  this 
provision,  that  the  major  should  marry  his  eldest 
daughter,  and  assume  the  name  and  arms  of  Buch- 
anan ;  reserving  his  own  life-rent  and  his  lady^s 
jointure,  and  settling  the  estate  so  as  to  return  to 
Buchanan's  heirs-male,  and,  failing  heirs  of  Grant^s 
own  body,  to  Buchanan^s  heirs  whatsoever.  Agree- 
able to  this  disposition.  Grant  made  his  addresses 
to  the  young  lady,  but  was  rejected  by  her  with 

the  utmost  indignaliim.  The  late  lady:  BucbaMOi, 
has  been  blained>  asfiromoting  tbiadi9p(mlionm 
fa^MHir  of  Grant;  .hut  I  have  received  spch  ijafor- 
matioDyfcom  people  well  versed  in  Buchanan^a  af- 
fairs, as:&illy  justiges  her.  Sooietioie  after  this, 
these  was  a  project  fosa^  by  Buchanan  and 
Crranty  of  seiling  so  much  of  the  Highland  lands 
of  the  estate  of  Buchanaa  as  might,  together  with 
the  price  of  some  woods  .lately  8old,.and  Buchanan^a 
Qlher^n^i^eaUes,  dear: the  whole  debts  affecting 
the  lower  barony,  or  $  remainder  of  that  estate. 
These  Highland  lands,  loecordii^y,  were  sold,  to 
thee  marquis  of  Montrose,  whp,  for.  security  of  that 
part  scdd  to  him,  got  infeftment  of  real  warrandice 
upop  the  lower  baa-ony.  This  bargain* 
pleted,  it  was  auggested  to  the  marquis,  that  he 
could  not  be  fully  secured  in  those  lands  lately 
purchased. by  him,  till  well  informed. of  the  extent 
of  Buchanan's  debts,  and  other  circumstances  of 
bis  affiurs*  For  this  purpose,  Arnpryor,  who^of 
all  others  best  knew  those  affairs,  was  prevailed 
upon  to  make  a  discovery  of  them  to  the  mar^uis^ 
havieg,  for  his  service  therein,  and  bis  assistance 
in  evicting  .the  wholeestate,  obtained  the. fourth 
part: thereof,  burdened  with  a  proportionable  part 
of  the  debts.  Hius,  there  having  been  a  debt 
due  by  Buchanan  to  Sir  James  Dick,  of  Priestfield* 
for  which  all  legal  diligence  was  used,  insomuch 
^t  the  laird»  with  DrumikiU,  and  some  otheir 
eaationerst  were  denounced,  and  continued  more 
than  a  year  unrelated  ;  and  Arnfuryor,  while 
maw^rfor  Buchanan*  baviiig  been  ordered  to 
daarahisidebl,>it  %ras:aocordiogly  pai4»  ^^  ^i^ 

18S  AtOdpUT  cat  THfi 

diarge  and  rebxation  procured  ftur  the  caution* 
ers,  but  the  principal,  unhappily,  was  left  unre- 
laxed.  This  secret  once  divulged,  there  was  a 
gift  obtuned  of  Buchanan's  life-rent  and  moyeable 
escheat ;  by  which,  his  whole  moveables  being  ex- 
hausted, there  was  room  left  for  wresting  the  estate 
,  out  of  his  hands,  by  procuring  rights  to  those  debts 
for  payment  whereof  these  moveables  were  allotted. 
This  project  was  the  effectual  mean^  of  ruining 
that  estate;  for  divers  adjudications  being  led  in 
Ampryor's  name,  then  principal  manager  for  my 
lord  marquis^  (the  marquis  himself,  as  it  seems, 
being  passive  in  it,)  Buchanan's  eldest  daughter 
,  found  herself  obliged  to  resign  her  pretensions,  for 
a  sum  of  money,  in  favour  of  his  lordship ;  .and 
major  Grant  having  aiittle  before  his  death  given 
up  all  Buchanan's  evidences,  both  the  rights  and 
the  fortune  became  to  be  entirely  transferred. 

This  estate,  as  all  others,  was  sometimes  in- 
creased, or  diminished,  as  it  fell  into  the  hands  of 
good  or  bad  managers.  The  lairds  of  Buchanan 
had,  besides  their  old  estate,  several  lands  in  the 
parishes  of  Eilleam,  Strablane,  and  others  ia  the 
Lennox.  The  most  flourishing  condition  it  has' 
been  in,  for  divers  ages,  was  upon  the  last  laird's 
accession  to  it.  For  his  old  estate,  which,  together 
with  Strathyre,  Brachern,  and  some  superiorities, 
was  worth  thirteen  thousand  merks  of  yearly  rent, 
most  of  the  same  arising  from  steelbow  horses, 
cows,  com,  red  land,  besides  casualties,  and  woods, 
computed  in  this  age  to  be  worth  two  thousand 
pounds  sterling  each  cutting.  Besides  this,  he 
liad  the  whole  estate  of  Badtndailocb,  aoaounling 


to  ax  thousand  merks  per  annum,  which  was  ac- 
quired by  Sir  John,  the  late  laird^s  grandfather, 
for  money  be  was  engaged  in  for  Cunninghame  of 
Glengamock,  proprietor  thereof;  as  also  he  had 
the  estate  of  Craigmillar  in  Mid-Lothian,  being 
ten  thousand  merks  per  annum,  acquired,  by  his 
father.  So  that  from  these  three  estates  the  fa- 
mily had  near  thirty  thousand  merks  of  yearly 
rent.  But  Buchanan  having  sold  Badindalloch 
and  Craigmillar  when  in  health,  and  that  of  Buch- 
anan going  off  in  the  manner  we  have  already 
mentioned,  after  having  continued  nx  hundred 
and  nxty-five  years  in  that  name,  and  in  an  un- 
mterrupted  succession  of  twenty-two  liurds;  by 
this  mismanagement,  and  want  of  proper  advice 
from  his  friends,  this  flourishing  fortune  has  been 
destroyed,  and  the  family  itself  extinguished. 

The  Paternal  Arms  of  the  FamSy  of  Buchanan, 

Or,  a  lion  rampant  sable,  armed  and  langued 
gules,  within  a  double  tressure,  flowered  and  coun- 
terflowered  with  flower-de-luces  of  the  second. 
Crest,  a  hand  coupee  holding  up  a  ducal  cap,  or 
duke^s  coronet,  proper,  with  two  laurel  branches 
wreathed  surrounding  the  crest,  disposed  orleways 
proper;  supported  by  two  falcons  garnished  Or. 
Ancnent  notto  above  the  crest,  Audaees  Juvo.  Mo- 
dam  motto  in  compartment,  Clarior  Hinc  Homos. 


AH  '  >    ■ 




IN  ^ving  an  exact  account  of  these  cadeti,.Tiow 
become  families,  which  cameimnitdiateljr'off'  tiial 
of  Buchanan,  and  retain  that  surname,  I  shall  be- 
gin with  that  family  last  came  off' the  principal 
one,  and  consequently  next  ta  the  samey  and  shall 
mention  each,  of  the  rest  in' order,  aocovdinig  to^th^ 
times  of  their  several  'descents  off  the  chtefefamHyk 
In  prosecution  of  this  method,  I  shall-begin  iwdi 
the  family  of  Auchmab,  which,  by  Ae  origiiial 
charter  thereof,  as  also  by  the  genealogical  aotount, 
or  tree,  of  the  family  of  Buchanan,  is  not  only 
clearly  evinced  to  be  descended  of  a  son  of*  tbe 
laird  of  Buchanan,  but  also  to  be  the  latdstricodet 
of  that  family.  Though  the  principal  family  con- 
tinued in  being  for  the  space  of  one  hundred  and 
thirty-five  years  after  this  family  came  off  tbe  same, 
nevertheless,  the  few  second  sons,  or  cadets,  which 
descended  of  Buchanan  since  that  of  Aachmar 

ACCOirKT  OF  THS  7AMII.T  OF  AUCHMAB.      185 

came  off,  left  no  male  issue ;  so  that  by  this  meains 
Auchihar  continued  to  be  the  latest  cadet  of  that 
ancient  family. 

The  interest  of  Auchmar  was  for  some  time  tani- 
ttrie,  or  appennage  lands^  being  always  given  off  to 
a  second  Son  of  the  family  of  Buchanan  for  patri* 
mony,  or  rather  aliment  during  life,  and  at  his  death 
returning  to  the  family  of  Buchanan*  These  lands 
were  in  some  time  after  disponed  irreversibly  to  the 
ancestor  of  the  present  family  of  Auchmar,  and  his 
heirs.  The  first  of  which  was  William  Bdchanak, 
first  son,  of  the  second  marriage,  to  George  Buchan- 
an of  that  ilk,  and  Janet  Cunninghame,  daughter  to 
Cunninghame  (for  any  thing  I  can  find),  first  lurd 
of  Craigens,  who  was  son  to  the  earl  of  Glencaim. 
Tliis  lady  was  first  married  to  Patrick,  laird  of 
Houston,  director  of  the  chancery  in  the  reign  of 
king  James  V.  .  Houston,  with  divers  other  good 
and  loyal  patriots,  having  joined  that  brave  noble- 
man, John,  earl  of  Lennox,  in  order  to  liberate 
tbeir  sovereign  from  the  restraint  put  upon  him 
by  the  earls  of  Arran  and  Angus,  with  their  asso- 
dates ;  and  Lennox  having  engaged  with  the  earl  of 
Arran^s  army  at  Linlithgow,  or  Evanbridge,  was 
there  slain,  together  with  Houston,  and  a  greift 
many  others  of  his  party.  Buchanan,  after  Hous- 
ton's death,  having  married  his  relict,  granted 
charter,  in  favour  of  William  Buchanan,  his  first 
son  of  this  second  marriage,  and  his  heirs,  of  the 
lands  of  Auchnutr,  dated  the  3d  of  January,  1547 
yearn.  Nor  did  Buchanan^s  indulgence  and  liber- 
ality to  this  his  son  stop  here,  but  he  did  also,  in 
the  year  1656,  grant  charter,  in  his  favour^  of  the 

1S6  JtfODim.VP  TBB  > 

tUrteen  merle  farad  of  StnUkjteimAvetlt 

dice  for  the  sa«ft  in  the  EastarliaMn'ofi  Bwlk- 

anan,  being  the  best  portion  any  sacondaa^iof 

that  hmly  had  got-  of  a  longF  timc^  aD<ralber  at 

any  time  before  thaL     After  whafe  nraoasr'this 

fainUy  lost  posaesston  of  theJands  ofi  Straafetgasa  is 

not  very  evident;  the  most  eooMUon^acoount,  fao«r* 

ever)  of  that  event  is  this,  that  in  the  time,  of:  tht 

civil  wars  in  the  reigo  of  king  Cfaarlea  I.^  pariie»> 

larly  in  the  year  IMi^  the  lands  of  :BtichaDaii>  be*- 

2Dg  at  that  time  very  sadly  barrassed>.aDd.mo86  of 

tbe  bouses  burnt»  Geoi^e  Bucbanan  of  AnobBiar 

lost  upon  that  oocasioa  thi&  ^wknlfr  of  Straitbyre^ 

and,  as  is  also  apprehended,  the. double,. lodged  in 

Aat  famifyV  hands^  of  the- mutual  taikde^bcimxt 

them  and  the  family  of  Buchananv     Afteir*  which. 

Sir  John,  laifd  of  Buchanan,  did,  in  an  unjusttaad 

oppressive  manner,   dispossess  the  saidr-GEeorgo  <^ 

-those  lands^and  wouid  lia^e^  done  the  same,  to  bim 

in  relation  iao  the-  lands  of  Auohmar  also,  had  not 

the  evidence  thereof  been  at  thatitiflabe^providan^ 

tially  in  the  laird  of  OraigenV  custody,  wbieh  was 

the. only  means  of  their  prea^vation*.    ThiSy  wiab 

some  other  hard  usage  given  by  Sir  John,  cneafeed 

such  animosity  betwixt  these  twoifamiliea  as  eoiild 

scarcely  be  fully  extinguished?:  the  said  Sir 'John 

being  acoounled  the  worst,  if  not  the  only^ 

of  all  the  lairds  oil  Buchanan,  and  tfae:gneatefltrop>' 

pressor  of  his  name  and  naghbours ;  wheneaa^  the 

other  kirds^  generally  taken^  ace  reported^tofhanne 

been  the  most  discreet ne^^bbouclygentlemcD of 

any  in  these  parts  of  this  kugdora. 

William,  the  first  of  Auchmajr,  was  asaraed 

tW'XIiiabelk  Hanvltpjiy  dMot^rt^^M^Ailg 
lodnQacbaB^xj^ '  a9iI.fiBdp.biiiii  9om0^kBimk:dp^ff»t 

cxiioct  in- lli&  reign 'o£  kmg  Gbark9iIIt.  Mjr  Jittle 
itmmm  oS  that  interest  felLintio.HmiUtw  q£  Mt/^ 
kfsnbeidy  aa  nearest  heir  tp.HaaiUtmrof:  ImehmiN 
ohavb.  0£  tbia  nturriage.  bcftwixi  4iUQbiQaf  .m4 
IndimachanVdaughter,  tbseeaonaaiKltiw/i^/dMg^^ 
teuB  came,  to  matmity.  The  eldai^  <^  the  ^oae 
«a»~  Patrick^  the  second  .George*,  and  th»  tbvd 
Mr«  WiUiaai.  Margaret  the  eldest  daughter  was 
married  to  Cunnibghanie  t>f  Bhur wboi^b ;  the  se^ 
oond  to  James  Colchoun,  mecchant  in.Gia^ow« 

Patrick  the  ddest  bod  sudceeded  to  his  father 
William,  in  the  lands  o£  Aiichmar  and  Stitaitbj|^i3e^ 
He  married  .Helen  Buchanan^  bwesa  of.  Ibent^ 
dnu^ter  to  Mx,  Thomas  Buchanan  of  Ibeist^ 
nephew  to  the  great  Mr.  Geoi^Buchanani,wbi«h 
Thcxnas  became  lord  privy  seal*  by  reaignationiof 
tkat  offioe  in  bis  favour  by  Mr.  George  .his;  lukr 
dei.  Mr.  Thomases  wife  was  -a  daiighler  of  John^ 
laird  of  Buchanan*  Patrick  above-mendonexl  died 
within  a  few  yeam  of  his  marriage,  his  children 
haiaog' not  long  survived  him.;  so  that  his  interest 
devolved'  to  George  his  second  brother^  as  is  eviv 
dent  by  precept  of  Clare  Comtat^  and:  charter 
•th^)euix>n,  in  his  favouvi  by  Jobn»  laird  .c£  Buehf. 
anaii,  of  the  lands  of  Auchmar^.  dated  in  the>year 

i  This  Gearge,  in  his;  eldest  bootiber^s,  li&time, 
married.  Janet  Stewart,  daughter  to  Andcew  Siam^ 
art,  who  had  a  beneficial  tack  (esteemed  ittitbeae 

18S  ACooiniT  or  vhx 

days  equiTatent  to  heritage,)  cS  the  lands  of  Blair^ 
garie,  and  some  other  landtf,  from  the  earl  of  Mur- 
ray, in  Straithgartney,  and  the  parish  of  Callender. 
He  was  also  the  earl's  baillie  in  those  parts.  That 
family  is  notr  represented  by  Alexander  Stewart 
of  Gartnafuaroe  in  Balquhidder  parish;  and  is, 
with  the  families  of  Ardvoriich  and  Glenbucky, 
(JFrom  w^ich  three  are  sprung  most  of  the  Stewarts 
in  the  southern  parts  of  Perthshire,)  lineally  de- 
scended of  James  Peg,  or  little  James,  son  to 
James  Stewart,  youngest  son  to  Murdoch,  duke 
of  Albany,  and  governor  of  Scotland.  James  Beg 
was  married  to  Annabella  Buchanan,  daughter  to 
Patrick,  laird  of  Buchanan,  as  testifies  a  charter, 
in  his  and  the  said  Annabella's  favour,  of  the 
lands  of  Baldorrans  in  Stirlingshire,  in  the  reign 
of  king  James  II.  I  find  also  this  James  witness 
in  a  charter,  by  Isobel,  duchess  of  Albany  and 
oountess  of  Lennox,  of  a  tenement  of  land  in  Dry- 
men,  in  the  year  1443,  being  designed  in  thAt 
charter  the  duchesses  nephew.  James's  successor 
was  Walter  Stewart  of  Baldorrans,  as  is  clear  by 
charter,  in  his  favour,  by  Janet  Oquhuanan,  of  a 
wadset-right  the  said  Janet  had  upon  a  part  of 
the  lands  of  Straithyre^  dT'date  in  the  year  1688. 
From  three  sons  of  this  Walter,  or,  according  to 
their  own  traditional  account,  from  a  son  of  Wal- 
ter, called  William,  are  descended  the  three  fami« 
lies  aboVe-mentioned. 

Georgb  JBochanan  of  Auchmar  had  seven 
sons ;  Patrick  his  successor,  >  John,  Andrew,  Mr. 
Maurice,   William,   Robert,   and   George.      He 

FA]ainr'OF)AO0BiiA&.  '  289 

hmi^aim  two  dmif^tiem  tlwr  dldBtt*:  manied  to 
CdchoHD  of  GamsUsodaii^  th»  aeoond  to  captam 

To  George  sueceedsd  his^eldefltMaPATiuts^ 
98'  18!  deav  by:  charter^  in  .biafavour^  of  the  lands 
of Audunan dsted in.lbety^ar  166&.  Hemanried 
Agae%  Buchanan^,  daugbtes  to,  WiUiain  'Bnobaoan 
of  Jiiosi.  He  bad  by  benoaeson,.  JicrfiD^  who  had 
iflBue^.  and  fiye^aughtiei^t;  Janet.  matrieditoBucb* 
man- of  Camerony.MftRjr  Ur  Tbonas  Andenon^ 
JBliaabeth:  to  Walton  M^barlan,^  Agnaa  taj(S«li. 
fanadi '  of  Armfinlaijf!}  and.  J-eanrto  Nairn)  of  fiatuv* 
ich<.  He.  bad  .ako  an.  ille^tomatoisott^. Jofan^.  wbio 
waot  to.  Ireland^ 

To  PatiidB  J&udttMO  of  Anohnaffraiicceedad 
bi&ao&JoHiu  HedOQaanediAiinacfindiamydai^bA 
tec  to  Jofani  Gfahaaa^  of  Dudirajn.:  H&had  by 
bar-  two  sons  and  fbon  daughters.  The  eldest  of 
these  daughters  was  married  to  Robert  Graham  of 
Grlmny^  The.  second  daij^tec  was  first  aiartied 
to.  George  Buebanan,  son  to'ArtbuF'J&oohanaaiof 
Audikssyy  and  a&arwards  to  Andrew  Stewart  of 
townfhead  of  Dry  men.:  Tbettlurd  iauf^er^^msB 
married  to.  Bobert  Steward  of  Ci«lIii9more.i  The 
fourth  to  iGeorge  M^Pbarlan»  mer cbant. 

Jfika  Buchanan  of  Auobnua^  wnaaoooepdad  by 
WiiJuiAic  bis  sottk  Be  married  Jean. BqtabaiiM^ 
daughter  to  John.  Bufibamui  of.  Carbetb..  Ckdin^ 
second  son  to  tbesul  Jobn»  moBried  AaeaiHaim 
UtoBf  daughter  to  Jaasee  Hamilton  of  Aitikeiihaask 

The  first  cadet  of  the  family  o£  Ajichwaaj  was 
Mr.  William  Buchanan,  third  soO)- to  li^liam^tfae 
first  of  Auekaaiw    TUsMr«  WiUkm^wMStoIre- 

190  ilCOOnVTOF.THS 

land,,  and  became  manager  or  ibctor,  for  the  estate 
of  tbe  family  of  Hamilton,  then  lords  of  Clande* 
boys,  and  afterwards  earls  of  Clanbrazil,  in  the 
county  of  Down,  which  family  is  now  extinct*  He 
married  in  that^  country,  and  had  one  son,  major 
William  Buchanan,  a  very  brave  gentleman,  who 
was  major  to  George,  laird  of  Buchanan^s  regiment, 
at  the  fatal  conflict  betwixt  the  Scots  and  English 
at  Ennerkeithing.  The  major,  upon  defeat  of  the 
Scodsh  army,  being  well  mounted,  made  his  way 
through  a  party  of  English  horsemen,  and  though 
pursued  for  some  miles,  came  off  safe,  having  killed 
diverse  of  the  pursuers.  He  went  afterwards  to 
Ireland,  and  purchased  an  estate  there,  called  Sera- 
bohill,  near  Newtoun  Clandeboys,  in  the  County 
of  Down.  He  had  two  sons,  the  eldest  continued 
in  Ireland,  and  the  younger  went  abroad.  He' 
had  also  two  daughters,  both  married  in  that 

William  of  Auchmar,  had  an  illegitimate  son, 
called  George,  whose  son  John,  had  a  wedset  upon 
the  lands  of  Blairluiek,  in  Eilmaronock  parish, 
which  having  sold,  he  went  to  Ireland,  where  di- 
verse of  his  progeny  reside  near  the  village  called 
St  Johnstoun,  in  the  county  of  Derry;  from 
whence,  one  of  them  having  come  to  the  paroch  of 
BcHioml,  had  two  sons,  Archibald  at  present  in 
Bonneil,  who  hath  three  sons,  George,  a  trader  at 
sea ;  William,  a  residenter  in  London ;  and  James, 
residing  near  Glasgow.  Another,  Archibald,  being 
also  descended  of  the  said  George,  resides  in  Iutc- 
rary,  in  Argyllshire. 

The  second  cadet  of  the  family  of  Auchmar,  was 


Mr.  Maurice  Buchanan,  fourth  son  to  George  Bu* 
chananbf  Auchmar.  He  was  a  preacher  in  theooun- 
ty  of  Tyrone,  and  had  one  son,  James,  who  had  only 
one  son,  captain  Maurice,  who  resides  near  DuUtn. 
George  of  Auchmar's  fifth  son  was  William,  who 
was  a  captain  in  the  Swedish  service  in  Germany. 
He  was,  upon  account  of  his  valour^  conduct,  and 
other  laucTable  qualities,  very  much  esteemed  • 
having  signalized  himself  upon  diverse  occasions 
particularly  in  vanquishing  an  Italian,  who  in 
most  countries  of  Europe,  had  acquired  very  much 
fame  by  his  martial  achievements,  and  dexterity 
always  in  performing  divers  feats  of  arms,  having 
carried  the  prize  in  all  places  he  went  to,  till  at 
last  he  was  overcome  by  this  captain  William,  no 
less  to  his  honour,  than  to  the  Italian's  disgrace. 
Upon  account  of  this  action,  he  obtuned  a  major\i 
commission,  but  was  within  few  days  thereafter 
Icilled  in  the  said  service.  He  was  married  to  Anna 
Pennel,  an  English  woman.  His  children  and 
their  posterity  have  continued  in  Germany. 

George  of  Auchmar's  seventh  and  youngest  son, 
George,  had  one  son,  William,  who  married  at 
London^  having  left  a  son,  James,  who  is  a  mer- 
diant  in  that  city.  John,  Andrew  and  Robert^ 
Greorge^s  other  sons,  their  issue  is  wholly  extinct. 

Patrick  Buchanan  of  Auchmar,  besides  John  his 
successor,  had  an  illegitimate  son  called  also  John, 
who  went  to  Ireland.  He  had  two  sons,  Patrick, 
who  went  to  the  West  Indies,  and  is  in  very  good 
^  circumstances  in  that  country ;  and  John,  who  re- 
sides near  Newtoun-stewart,  in  the  county  of  Ty- 
rone, and  hath  three  sons.    He^  had  also  an  illegi 

IM    ACl^UNT .  OF  dBBXi  ff iOf IimOF  AUCHMAK. 

tuante  «0il,'  f9amady  -who  imMss  m  iLaggan  of 

The  Ifttlcackt^  AudiiBar,  ia  Oofin  'Bacfaanan^ 
bsolber  to  the  {nreaoit  William  Biidia»aiix>f  Aaoh« 
mar,  who  for  armorial  Jbeariog,  carries  the  paternal 
arms  of  the  family  of  Buchanan,  as  already  blaz- 
oned, without  any  manner  of  distinction. 
.  I  am  hopeful  by  clear  and  authentic  document^^ 
to  have  demmasttated  this  £unily,  last  mentioned, 
to  be  the  latest  in  descent  from  that  of  Buchanan, 
notwithstanding' that  Mr.  Nisbet,  in  his  kte  book 
of  heraldry  and,  geneidogy,  hath  asserted  the  con- 
trary, by  giving  it  to  a^certain  gentieman,  who  is 
among^  the  remotest  of  the  cadets  of  the  family  of 
Buchanan.  I .  am?  sui^rised  he  should  have  faUen 
into,  such  a  mistake,  especially  .i^er  having  bad 
much' better  information  conveyed  to  his  hands,  by 
theauthor  of  these  papers.  But  I  am  coafident» 
his4icoount^<»f  the  matter,  will  not  make  the  least 
impressionan  anyjudicious  reader,  that  shall  wdl 
weigh  what  he^has  only  barely  assertedy  and  com- 
pare it  witbihe  autbestia  account  Lhave  givem 





THE  case  of  the  family  of  Spittsl,  seems  to  be 
much  the  same,  with  that  of  diverse  other  families 
of  that  name,  they  having  been  in  possession  of  ae» 
vera!  lands,  at  some  little  time  after  they  came  off 
the  family  of  Buchanan,  a  great  part  of  which  lands 
are  since  gone  from  it,  as  from  other  families,  by 
ways  and  means  not  easy  to  be  discovered  at  this 
distance  of  time. 

The  ancestor  of  the  present  family  of  Spittel,  and 
who  first  obtained  these  lands,  was  Walter  Bucbaa- 
an,  son  to  Patrick,  the  second  of  that  name,  laird 
of  Buchanan.  This  Walter,  and  his  successor 
Jchuj  their  charters  of  these  lands,  by  bad  keeping 
in  turbulent  times,  are  so  effaced,  and  the  writing 
thereof  so  obliterated,  as  renders  the  same  in  a  greal 
measure  illegible.  However,  it  is  very  presumeable, 
that  the  laird  of  Buchanan  gave  the  lands  of  Spit- 
tel, to  his  son,  Walter,  for  patrimony,  when  be 


came  off  the  family,  notwithstanding  of  the  above 
inconveniency,  that  the  two  first,  .or  original  char- 
ters of  that  family  labour  under.  But  for  further 
proof  of  this  family's  descent  off  Buchanan,  there 
lieing  in  divers  of  our  kings^  reigns  records  of  jus- 
ticiary, by  which  all  chiefs  of  clans,  were  obliged  for 
the  good  and  peaceable  behaviour  of  their  name,  or 
clan,  it  is  remarkable  that  in  one  of  these  records, 
in  the  latter  part  of  king  James  V.  his  reign,  Wal- 
ter Buchanan  of  Spittel,  is  designed  brotber-ger- 
man  to  George  Buchanan  of  that  ilk :  also  in  a 
seasin  by  the  same  laird  of  the  lands  of  Auchmar, 
anno  1547.  John  Buchanan,  son  and  heir  to  the 
deceased  Walter  Buchanan  of  Spittel,  the  lairdV 
brother,  is  one  of  the  witnesses.  So  that  George, 
laird  of  Buchanan,  being  well  known  to  have  been 
eldest  son,  and  successor  to  Patrick,  laird  of  Buchan- 
an; and  by  these  two  documents,  Walter  Buchan- 
an of  Spittel,  being  designed  brother  to  the  said 
George,  the  descent  of  this  family  is  cleared  beyond 
all  controversy,  however  little  their  original  writ- 
ings conduce  to  that  purpose.  Walter  Buchanan^ 
first  of  Spittel,  was  married  to  Isabel  Cuningham, 
asserted  to  have  been  daughter  to  the  earl  of  Glen- 
cairn.  There  is  a  charter  by  Andrew  Cunning- 
hame  of  Blairwhoish,  with  consent  of  Walter  Stir- 
ling of  Ballagan  his  curator,  in  favour  of  Walter 
Buchanan  of  Spittel,  and  Isabel  Cuningham  bis 
spouse,  of  the  lands  of  Blairvocky,  dated  in  the 
year  1 535.  There  is  also  another  charter  in  favour 
of  the  same  Walter,  by  Alexander,  Master  of  Glen- 
cairn,  of  the  lands  of  Arrochymore,:  dated  in  the 
year  1630.     Which  lands,  seem  to  be  given  in  por- 


tion  to  him  with  Glencairn^s  daughter.  Walter 
left  one  son,  John,  his  successor,  and  a  daughter, 
married  to  Walter  Buclianan  of  DrumikilL 

He  was  succeeded  by  his  son  John,  who  married 
Elizabeth  Cuningham,  daughter  to  Cuningham, 
laird  of  Drumquhuassle,  as  is  evident  by  an  herita- 
ble right,  by  Alexander,  earl  of  Glencairn,  to  Eliz- 
abeth Cuningham,  spouse  to  John  Buchanan  of 
Spittel,  in  liferent,  and  Edward  Buchanan  her  son, 
in  fee  of  the  lands  of  Merkinch,  dated  in  the  year 

Edward,  first  of  that  name,  succeeded  to  his  fa- 
ther John.  He  married  Christian  Galbraith, 
daughter  to  the  l^rd  of  Cuicruich,  as  testifies  a 
charter  in  his  and  his  said  spouse^s  favour,  under 
the  privy  seal,  dated  in  the  year  1555.  He  had 
two  sons,  Robert  his  successor,,  and  George. 

To  Edward  of  Spittel  succeeded  his  son  Robebt* 
He  married  Lawson  of  BoghaPs  daughter,  and  had 
by  her  two  sons,  Walter  his  successor,  and  Andrew. 
There  is  a  charter  under  the  privy  seal  in  favour 
of  this  Robert,  in  the  latter  part  of  queen  Mary^s 

To  Robert  succeeded  his  son  Walter*  He 
married  Galbraith  of  Balgair's  daughter,  and  had 
with  her  two  sons  that  came  to  maturity,  Edward 
and  Walter. 

Edward,  second  of  that  name,  succeeded,  to 
Walter  his  father.  He  was  first  married  to  Edmon- 
stoun  of  Balleun^s  daughter.  With  her  he  bad 
James,  Us.successor,  and  John,  a  captain  in  George, 
laird  of  Buchanan's  regiment,  who  was  killed  at  the 
&tal  conflict  betwixt  the  Scots  and  English  at  En- 


neridthing*  He  was  secondly  married  to  John 
Buchanan  of  Rosses  daughter,  and  had  with  her 
Robert  Buchanan,  baker  in  Glasgow,  and  Edward, 
who  was  a  man  of  great  learning,  and  died  while  at 
the  study  of  divinity  in  the  college  of  Edinburgh, 
and  one  daughter  married  to  Cuningham  of  Trin- 

Jakes  succeeded  to  his  father  Edward.  He 
married  a  daughter  of  John  Buchanan  of  Cashlie, 
and  had  with  her  five  sons,  Edward,  captain  John, 
captain  Archibald,  Andrew  and  Walter. 

To  James  succeeded  EnwAan  third  of  that  name^ 
He  married  Christian  Mitchel,  daughter  to  Mr. 
Thomas  Mitchel>  minister  of  Kilmaronock,  and^had 
with  her  two  sons,  John  and  Thomas^  and  two 

John,  eldest  son  to  Edward  Buchanan  of  Spittel, 
married  Margaret  Muirhead,  daughter  to  Muir- 
head  of  Rashiehill,  relict  of  Mr.  Robert  Buchanan 
of  Ampryor.  Thomas  his  brother,  was  married  to 
Napeir  of  Ballachairn^s  daughter. 

The  first  cadet  of  Spittel's  family,  was  Gsoege, 
second  son  to  Edward,  first  of  that  name,  and  third 
of  SpitteL  George  had  one  son,  William,  who  ob- 
tained a  beneficial  tack  of  Arrachybeg  in  Buchanan 
parish.  William  had  also  one  son,  Donald,  who 
had  four  sons,  William,  Duncan,  Robert  and  Wat 
ter.  Of  these  William  had'  one  son,  Donald,  lately 
in  Arrachybeg,  who  left  issue.  Duncan  had  <me 
son,  John,  who  has  also  one  son,  Duncan,  in  the 
foot-guards.  Robert  was  killed  in  the  year  1645, 
and  had  only  one  daughter,  married  to  James 
M^Grown  in  Catter.    Walter,  who  mostly  resided 

FAMILY  OF  8FITT£L.  197 

in  Casbill  in  Buohaimn  parish,  bad  two  sons,  John 
and  William,  both  whereof  have  male  issue.     The 
said  Donald  had  another  son,  called  Walter,  malt- 
man  in  Glasgow,  father  to  Margaret  Buchanan, 
who  married  James  Couper,  merchant  in  Port- 
Gla^ow,  whose  only  daughter,  Agnes,  is  married 
to  Andrew  Crawford,  merchant  in  Fort-Glasgow. 
The  progeny  of  the  above-mentioned  George,  are 
ordinarily  termed   Buchanans  of  Arachybeg,  or 
Donald  Maewilliam's  race. 
.  The  second  cadet  of  the  family  of  Spittel,  waff 
Akdkbw,  son  to  Robert  Buchanan  of  Spittel.  This 
Andrew  seems  to  have  been  a  man  of  education^ 
and  was  factor  to  part  of  the  earl  of  Mar^s  estate 
for  some  time.    He  bought  Blairvoclcy  from  Spit^ 
tel,  and  having  never  married,  disponed  that  inter- 
est to  Walter  Buchanan  his  nephew,  ancestor  to 
the  Buchanans  of  Blairvocky,  as  shall  be  hereafter 
observed.     Andrew  had  one  illegitimate  son,  Bo- 
b^t,  who  resided  for  the  most  part  in  Arrachymore, 
in  Buchanan  parish..    Robert  had  four  sons,  .An- 
drew,  James,  Robert  and  Alexander.     Andrew 
had  no  male  issue.    Robert  had  one  son,  who  left 
no  issue.     James  had  one  son,  Andrew,  lately  in 
Auehingyle,  in  Buchanan  Parish,  who  had  four 
sons;  two  ofthese  resided  in  Buchanan  parish,,  one 
in  the  parish  of  Luss,  and  another  in  that  of  Eil- 
maroDock.     Alexander  had  two  sonsj  John  in  the 
parish  of  Eilleam,  and  Andrew^  merchant- ^ilor 
in  Glasgow,  father  to  James  Buchanan,  merchant 
in  the  Trongate,  there* 

The  tUrd  cadet  of  the  family  of  Spittel,,  was 
Walsbk,  the  first  of  BUurvocky,  second  soa  to 

199  Accomra  oV  thx 

Walter  Buchanan  of  SpitteL    There  is  a  omtract 
of  wedset,  for  the  sum  of  one  thousand  merics 
Scots,  upon  the  lands  of  Sallochy,  by  John  Buch- 
anan of  that  ilk,  in  favour  of  this  Walter,  dated 
in  the  year  1618.    Walter  of  Blairvocky  had  one 
son,  Alexander,  who  had  four  sons,  Walter,  Alex- 
ander,  William,  and  George.    Walter^s  progeny- 
is  extinct.     Alexander  left  only  one  daughter. 
George,  the  youngest,  went  abroad.     William, 
the  third  brother,  having  obtained  the  interest  of 
Blairvocky,  sold  the  same  to  John  Buchanan, 
younger  of  SpitteL     William,  the  last  of  Blair* 
vocky,  rended  mostly  in  Ireland.    He  had  four 
sons,  Alexander,  William,  Walter,  and  Henry. 
Alexander  the  eldest  resides  in  Glendermon,  with- 
in two  miles  of  Deny,  being  in  very  good  repute 
and  circumstances.     William,  Walter  and  Henry, 
reside  near  Omagh  in  the  county  of  Tyrone,  and 
kingdom  of  Ireland. 

The  fourth  cadet  of  SpittePs  family  was  Robxkt 
BncuAKAK,  late  deacon  of  the  bakers  of  Glasgow, 
being  one  of  the  sons  of  the  second  marriage  of 
Edward  Buchanan,  second  of  that  name,  of  Spit* 
tel,  and  Buchanan  of  Rosses  daughter.  His  son 
Robert  Buchanan,  writer  in  Glasgow,  married 
Buchanan  of  Drumhead^s  daughter.  He  had  also 
two  daughters,  one  married  to  Mr.  Neil  Snodgrass, 
writer  in  Paisly,  who  left  one  son,  John  Snod- 
grass, their  former  children  being  dead ;  she  was 
afterwards  married  to  Alexander  Wallace,  writer 
in  Paisly  :  the  other  was  married  to  J^hn  Buch« 
anaii,  elder,  merchant  in  Glasgow. 

The  next  cadets  of  this  family  are  the  pre* 


sent  Edward   Buchanan   of   SpittePs  brethren. 
The  first  of  these,  captwn  John,  was  captain 
in  the  Dutch  and  English  service,  during  -  the 
whole  time  of  the  wars  betwixt  the  French,  Eng- 
lish and  Dutch,  with  their  other  confederates^ 
from  the  year  1690,  till  the  last  peace ;  and  was 
also  an  officer  in  the  service  of  the  Dutch,  and  . 
some  other  states  of  Europe,  a  good  many  years 
before  the  commencement  of  these  wars.     The 
next  brother  was  captwi  Archibald,  who  for  di- 
vers years  before  his  death  was  one  of  the  ci^ 
tains  of  the  king^s  horseguards,  being  a  gentleman 
inferior  to  none  of  his  age  and  station  in  all  valua- 
ble qualities.    Andrew  and  Walter,  the  other  two 
brethren,  died  both  unmarried. 

The  last  cadet  of  this  family  is  Thomas  Buch- 
anan, chirurgeon  in  Glasgow,  second  son  to  Ed* 
ward  Buchanan,  elder  of  SpitteL 

This  family  came  off  Buchanan  immediately 
before  that  of  Auchmar,  Walter  of  Spittel  being 
uncle  to  William  the  first  of  Auchmar. 

It  has  appeared  a  little  surprising  to  some,  that 
the  family  of  Buchanan  should  have  run  through 
twenty-two  generations  in  so  short  a  time  as  six 
hundred  and  ninety-five  years;  and  yet  here  we 
see  in  this  family  of  Spittel  no  less  than  ten  gener- 
ations in  the  space  of  about  two  hundred  and 
twenty-three  years,  which  is  a  great  deal  more  in 
proportion  than  in  the  former  case ;  and  I  doubt 
not  but  frequent  observations  of  this  nature  might 
be  made  in  many  other  families. 



07  TBK 


THIS  of  Abmpryor  having  been  for  a  consid- 
entble  track  of  time  one  of  the  most  reputed  fami* 
Jies  of  the  name  of  Buchanan/  both  upon  account 
of  the  estate  possest  by'them»  being  pretty  con- 
siderables as  also  in  regard  these  gentlemen  them- 
selves were,  for  the  most  part,  among  the  best  ac- 
complished of  that  name.  Nevertheless,  since  the 
middle  of  the  last  age,  or  some  little  time  before, 
this  iamily  is  so  much  decayed,  that  there  can  be 
very  little  sidd  concerning  the  same,  more  than  to 
give  some  account  of  what  it  hath  been,  and-  of 
some  few  cadets  now  extant  thereof,  and  who  re- 
present the  same.  The  cddest  writes  of  this  family 
being  dtber  carried  off  when  the  last  laiid  of  Arn- 
pryor  went  to  Ii'eland,  or  some  other  way  lost, 
the  manner  of  the  descent  thereof  off  the  family  of 
Buchanan  cannot  be  so  clearly  illustrated  as  other- 
wise it  might    The  most  dear  document  for  that 


purpose  is  the  genealc^cal  tree  of  the  family  of 
Buchanan,  which  positively  asserts  John  Buchan- 
an, first  pf  Ampryor,  to  have  been  second  son  to 
Walter,  fourth  of  that  name,  laird  0f  Buchanan, 
and  of  the  lord  Graham^s  daughter :  which  tree 
bdng  composed,  anno  1600,  the  composers  thereof 
might  have  lived  in  or  near  the  latter  part  of  this 
gentleman^s  lifetime,  so  that  the  account  given 
thereby  may  fully  satisfy  all  such  as  are  not  too 
much  addicted  to  criticism  or  needless  scrupulodty. 
The  portion  this  gentleman  obtained  from'  his  &- 
ther,  the  laird  of  Buchanan,  was  the  lands  of  Aucb- 
mar,  which  at  his  death  returned  to  the  &mily  of 
Buchanan,  as  the  custom  was  of  a^penage,  or 
tanistry  lands.  The  manner  of  hb  obtaining  of 
the  lands  of  Arnpryor  was  pretty  smgular,  b^ng 

In  the  reign  of  king  James  IV.,  and  for  divers 
ages  before,  the  Meinzieses  were  proprietors  of  a 
great  part  of  the  parish  of  Kippen,  and  some  of 
the  parish  of  Sallearn,  though  scarce  any  memory 
of  that  name  remains  in  either  of  those  parishes 
in  this  age.  A  gentleman  of  that  name  being 
laird  of  Ampryor,  at  the  above-mentioned  juno* 
turey  who  had  no  children  of  his  own,  nor  any  of 
his  name  in  these  parts,  that  eould  pretend  any  re- 
lation to  him,  was  for  some  time  at  variance  with 
one  Forrester  of  Garden,  a  very  toping  gentleman 
of  Ampryor^a  neighbourhood,  who,  upon  account 
of  his  neighbour  Arnpryor^s  circumstancesy  sent  a 
menacing  kind  of  .message  to  him  either  to  dispone 
his  estate  in  bis  favour  voluntarily,  otherwise  hei 
would  dispossess  him  of  it  by  txee*     Ampryor 


not  being  of  power  to  oppose  Garden,  and  being 
loath  to  give  his  estate  by  compulsion  to  his  ene- 
iny»  judged  it  the  more  proper,  as  well  as  honoura- 
ble method,  to  dispone  his  estate  to  some  other 
gentleman  who  would  counterbalance  Garden, 
and  would  maintain  the  rightful  owner  in  posses- 
sion thereof  during  his  life.  In  this  exigency  be 
had  recourse  to  the  laird  of  Buchanan,  offering  to 
dispone  his  estate  to  one  of  Buchanan^s  sons,  if  he 
would  defend  him  irom  any  violence  offered  by 
Garden*  Buchanan  readily  accepted  of  tKe  offer, 
and  so  far  undervalued  Garden,  that  he  sent  his 
second  son,  then  only  a  child,  without  any  other 
guard,  than  his  dry-nurse,  to  oversee  him,  along 
with  Ampryor,  to  be  kept  by  him  as  his  heir. 
Upon  notice  hereof.  Garden  came  to  Aropryor's 
house  with  a  resolution  to  kill  him,  or  oblige  him 
to  send  back  Buchanftn^s  son,  and  grant  his  former 
demands.  Ampryor  having  gone  out  of  the  way. 
Garden  very  imperiously  ordered  the  woman  who 
attended  fiuchanan^s  child,  to  carry  him  back 
forthwith  whence  he  came,  otherwise  he  would 
burn  Arnpryor*8  house,  and  them  together.  The 
woman  replied,  that  she  would  not  desert  the 
house  for  any  thing  he  durst  do,  telling,  him 
withal,  if  he  offered  the  least  violence,  it  would  be 
revenged  to  his  cost.  This  stout  reply  was  some- 
what damping  to  Garden,  who  at  the  same  time 
reflecting,  that  he  would  not  only  be  obnoxious  to 
the  laws  for  any  violent  measures  he  should  take, 
but  also  to  enmity  with  Buchanan,  which  he  was 
by  no  means  able  to  support,  therefore  followed 
th^  safest  course,  by  desisting  for  the  future  ^ther 


to  molest  Arnpryor^  or  frustrate  bis  destination, 
so  that  hb  adopt^  heir  enjoyed  his  estate,  without 
the  least  impediment,  after  his  death. 

This  John  Buchanan  of  Auohmar  and  Arnpry- 
or,  was  afterwards  termed  king  of  Kippen,  upon, 
the  following  account :  King  James  V.,  a  very  so- 
ciable debonair  prince,   residing  at   Stirling,  in 
Buchanan  of  Arnpryor^s  time,  carriers  were  very 
frequently  passing  along  the  common  road,  being 
near  Arnpryor's  house,  with  necessaries  for  the 
use  of  the  king^s  family,  and  he  having  some  ex 
traordinary  occasion,  ordered  one  of  these  carriers 
to  leave  his  load  at  his  house,  and  he  would  pay 
him  for  it ;  which  the  carrier  refused  to  do,  telling 
him  he  was  the  king^s  carrier,  and  his  load  for  his 
majesty^s  use,  to  which  Arnpryor  seemed  to  have 
small  regard,  compelling  the  carrier  in  the  end  to 
leave  his  load,  telling  him,  if  king  James  was 
king  of  Scotland,  he  was  king  of  Ki[^n,  so  that 
it  was  reasonable  he  should  share  with  his  neigh- 
bour king  in  some  of  these  loads,  so  frequently 
carried  that  road.     The  carrier  representing  this 
usage,  and  telling  the  story  as  Arnpryor  spoke  it, 
to  some  of  the  king^s  servants,  it  came  at  length 
to  his  majesty's  ears,  who  shortly  thereafter  with 
a  few  attendants  came  to  visit  his  neighbour  king, 
who  was  in  the  meantime  at  dinner.     King  James 
having  sent  a  servant  to  demand  access,  wa&  de« 
nied  the  same  by  a  tall  fellow,  with  a  battle-ax, 
who  stood  pdrter  at  the  gate,  telling,  there  could 
be  no  access  till  dinner  was  over.     This  answer 
not  satisfying  the  king,  he  sent  to  demand  access 
a  second  time;  upon  which  he  was  desired  by  the 


porter  to  danst,  otherwise  be  would  find,  cause  to* 
repent  his  rudeness.  His  majesty  finding  this 
method  would  not  do»  denied  the  porter  to  tell 
his  master,  that  the  Good-man  of  Ballageich  de* 
£red  to  speak  with  the  king  of  Xjppen.  The 
porter  telling  Ampryor  so  much,  he  in  all  humble 
manner  came  and  reedved  the  Ung,  and  having 
entertuned  him  with  much  sumptuousness  and 
jollity,  became  so  agreeable  to  king  James,  that 
he  allowed  him^  to  take  so  much  of  any  provi* 
Am  he  found  carrying  that  road,  as  he  had  occa- 
sion for ;  and  seeing  he  made  the  first  visit,  de* 
sired  Ampryor  in  a  few  days  to  return  him  a 
second  at  Stirling,  which  he  performed,  and  con- 
tinued in  very  much  favour  with  the  king  always 
thereafter,  being  termed  king  of  Kippen  while  he 

Ampryor  had  also  the  lands  of  Gartartan,  by 
which  he  was  somedmes  decdgned,  particularly  he 
is  so  designed  in  a  charter,  in  his  favour,  by  John, 
Commendator  of  Inehmahomo,  of  certain  lands 
called  Homhaugh.  He  obtained  charter  of  the 
lands  of  Brachern  from  John  M^Nair,  heritor 
thereof,  dated  in  the  year  1830.  There  is  a  cer- 
tain traditional  account,  that  the  lands  of  Bra- 
chern, after  Arnpryor  obtained  right  thereto,  were 
violently  possessed  by  one  M'Tormad,  captain  of 
a  company  of  outlaws,  who,  with  his  associates,  in 
number  twenty-four,  coming  to  a  tavem  in  Dry- 
men  parish,  at  a  pkce  called  Chappellmroch ; 
Ampryor  upon  notice  thereof,  came  in  the  night- 
time to  the  tavern,  accompanied  with  some  few 
horsemen,  and  finding  these  outlaws  overcome 


^th  liquor  and  deep,  made  fast  the  door  of  the 
bouse  where  they  lay,  and  then  set  fire  to  it,  all 
therein  being  either  burnt  or  killed.  He  after- 
wards gaye  the  lands  of  Brachern,  with  those  of 
Cashly,  to  one  of  his  sons.  This  brave  gentleman, 
with  diyers  others  of  his  name,  being  killed  at  the 
battle  of  Pinky,  in  queen  Mar/s  minority,  he  was 
succeeded  by 

Akdbkw  his  eldest  son,  as  is  dear  by  charter, 
in  bis  favour,  and  of  John  Buchanan  his  son  and 
^parent  heir«  of  the  lands  of  Ampryor,  dated  in 
the  year  1560.  There  is  also  a  chiurter,  by  Bar- 
tholomew Bane,  in  favour  of  the  said  Andrew,  of 
the  Milntown  of  Buchlyvie,  dated  in  the  year 
1557.  Andrew  had  two  sons,  John  hb  successor, 
and  Walter,  to  whom  his  father  disponed  the 
Milntown,  or,  as  others  write,  Hiltown  of  buch- 

There  is  little  account  to  be  had  of  John,  third 
Isurd  of  Ampryor,  or  his  successors  for  two  de- 
scents, upon  account  of  the  loss  of  the  prindpal 
writes  of  that  family.  The  last  of  these  who  was  in 
possesion  of  Ampryor,  was  John,  who  sold  those 
lands  to  Sir  John,  laird  of  Buchanan,  and  were 
by  him  disponed  to  John  Buchanan  of  Mochastel, 
of  Lenny^s  family,  and  grandfather  to  Francis 
Budianan,  now  of  AmjHrjror. 

John  Buchanan,  who  sold  Ampryor,  having 
gone  to  Ireland,  was  killed  by  the  Irish  in  the 
year  1641.  He  had  two  sons,  William  and  Da- 
vid, who  both  died  without  issue.  He  had  dso 
three  daughters  s  Dorothy,  first  married  to  Rdbert 
Budianan,  one  of  king  Charles  I.  his  butlers.  To 


him  she  had  two  daughters,  bolli  married  io  Ire- 
land. She  was  afterwards  vianried  to  colonel 
Hublethorn,  an  Englishman,  governor  of  Water- 
ford.  She  had  to  him  one  son,  captain  Huble- 
thorn,  and  some  daughters.  Ampryor's  second 
daughter  was  Alice,  married  to  Cuningham  of 
Trinbeg.  The  third,  Anna,  married  to  Cuning*- 
ham  of  Finnick. 

This  last  Arnpryor  had  two  brethren;  Mr. 
David,  a  gentleman  of  great  learning,  of  whom  I 
shall  speak  afterwards,  and  captain  WiUiam,  a 
gentleman  of  very  much  courage,  and  of  the  great- 
est art  and  dexterity  in  managing  a  sword  of  any 
of  his  time.  He  killed  an  Italian  in,  Dublin,  in 
presence  of  the  lord  lieutenant,  and  other  nobility 
of  that  kingdom ;  the  same  Italian  having  gone 
through  most  nations  in  Europe,  always  having 
had  the  victory  of  all  he  encountered  with.  Cap- 
tain William,  being  one  of  Buchanan^s  captains  at 
Ennerkeithing,  a  certain  English  officer,  when  the 
two  armies  advanced  near  to  one  another,  stept 
forth,  and  challenged  any  of  the  Scottish  army  to 
exchange  a  few  blows  with  him.  The  challenge 
was  accepted  by  captain  William,  who,  though  a 
very  little  man  of  person,  did  in  a  tri^e  kill  that 
English  champion.  This  captain  WiHiam  resided 
mostly  in  Ireland,  in  whiclji  kingdom  hi^  progeny 

The  first  cadet  of  the  &mily  of  Acnpryor  was 
Duncan,  second  son  to  John  Buchanan,  first. of 
Arnpryor,  in  whose  &vour  his  father  disponed 
the  lands  of  Brachern,  in  Buchanan  papsfa.  He 
was  succeeded  by  Duncan  his  son,  who  pmcdiased 


from  Jaioes  Drummond  of  Innerpafraj,  the  Lands 
of  Cashly  and  Gartinstarry»  as  is  clear  by  char- 
t€r  of  these  lands  in  his  favour,  dated  in  the  year 
1468.  Duncan's  daughter  and  heiress^  Margaret, 
married  her  cousin  John  Bi^hanan  of  Hiltown, 
or  Milntown  of  Buchly vie,  to  whom  she  conveyed 
all  her  father^s  interest. 

The  second  cadet  of  the  family  was  Walter, 
second  son  to  Andrew  Buchanan,  the  second  of 
Arnpryor,  to  whom  his  father  disponed  the  Miln- 
town of  Buchlyvie.  His  son  John  married  the 
heiress  of  Cashly  and  Brachern,  as  already  men- 
tioned. He  was  killed  at  the  conflict  of  Glen- 
frdon,  betwixt  Luss  and  the  M'Grigors.  He  left 
two  sons,  John  and  Andrew.  John,  the  second 
of  Buchlyvie  and  Cashly,  sold  the  lands  of  Bra- 
chern to  one  Duncan  M^Ph^lan.  This  John 
had  two  sons,  Duncan,  who  sold  the  lands  of 
Cashly,  except  Gartinstarry ;  and  Andrew,  who 
purchased  the  lands  of  Ballachneck.  Duncan 
had  swo  sons,  John,  late  Gartinstarry,  who  had 
two  sons,  James,  now  of  Gartinstarry,  representer 
of  the  family  of  Arnpryor,  and  John,  maltman 
in  Glasgow.  Andrew  of  Ballachneck  had  two 
sons,  John,  father  to  Moses  Buchanan  of  Ballach- 
neck, and  George,  at  present  in  Ballachneck.  An- 
drew, second  brother  to  John,  late  Gartinstarry, 
purchased  the  lands  of  Nenbolg  and  Provanstoun, 
being  designed  by  the  latter.  Andrew,  second 
son  to  John,  first  of  Cashly,  who  went  to  Ireland,^ 
was  ancestor  to  John,  Andrew, ,  and  William,, 
with  others  residing  near  Dunvigan  in  the  county 
of  Derry.  There  are  also  descended  of  this  £Eunif-^ 


Iji  Andrew  Buchanan,  merchant  in  Borrowstoun* 
e88y  James  Buchanan,  wright  in  Edinburgh,  and 
Jdin  Budianan,  merchant  in  England,  with  Bo- 
bert  Buchanan,  cordiner  in  Glasgow,  and  the  pro- 
geny of  Duncan  Buchanan,  Notar  in  Ammoir, 
and  others  in  Sappen  parish. 





THE  estate  bf  Deumikill,  with  a  great  many 
other  lands  in  the  east  parts  of  the  parish  of  Dry- 
men,  (as  far.  as  a  traditional  account  may  be  re-^ 
lied  on,)  did  of  old  belong  to  the  name  of  Arral, 
which  namei  in  the  minority  of  king  David  Bruce^ 
having  associated  with  the  enemies  of  their  prince 
and  country,  they,  upon  the  reduction  of  their  ad- 
herents, not  only  continued  obstinate  in  their  re<- 
bellion,  but  in  further  aggravation  of  their  guilt, 
committed  divers  other  insolencies,  which  in  the 
end  gave  just  cause  for  their  whole  lands  being 
forfeited,  and  letters  of  fire  and  sword  being  di- 
rected against  them*      The  execution  of  these 
letters  being  committed  to  the  laird  of  Buchanai^ 
he  did,  with  no  small  difficulty  and.  bloodshed, 
bring  the  surviving  remainder  of  these  Arrals  to 
justice.     Among  the  number  of  these  was  Thomas 
Arral  of  DrumikiB,  commonly  tenqed  Tarn  na 

210  ACCO0KT  OP  THS 

Ihmnaehf  or  Thomas  the  misduevoust  The  king 
is  said  to  have  offered  this  gentlemaa  a  pardon  at 
the  place  of  execution,  which  he  refusedf  disdain- 
ing to  live  after  so  many  of  his  name^  who  had 
lost  their  lives  through  his  influence,  and  in  his 
quarrel  After  the  subversion  of  these  Arrals, 
Buchanan,  in  reward  of  hb  service  against  them, 
obtained  Drumikill,  Easter  and  Wester  Ballats, 
and  some  other  parts  of  their  lands,  lying  most 
contiguous  to  his  own  estate,  which  the  lairds  of 
Buchanan  retained  in  their  own  hands,  till  the  (Hie* 
half  of  Drumikill,  with  Easter  Ballat,  was  given 
to  Carbeth^s  ancestor^  as  the  other  half,  with 
Wester  BaUat,  was  given  to  DmmikilFs,  at  the 
times  the  ancestors  of  these  two  famines  came  off 
that  of  Buchanan. 

There  is  a  current  tradition,  that  the  laird  of 
Buchanan  gave  the  half  of  the  estate  of  Drumikill, 
with  Wester  Ballat,  and  some  other  lands,  former* 
ly  belonging  to  the  Arrals,  to  one  of  his  sons 
long  before  the  ancestor  of  the  present  family  of 
Drumikill  came  off  Buchanan^s  family,  and  that 
Tliomas,  the  first  of  this  present  race,  for  his  first 
lady  married  the  heiress  of  the  principal  person 
of  the  old  family.  And  that  which  favours  some- 
what this  account  is,  that  the  ancestors  of  the 
Buchanans  of  Drumhead  and  Wester  Ballat,  though 
always  reputed  cadets  of  Drumikill,  can  produce 
some  evidents  of  their  lands  of  a  date  not  long 
posterior  to  the  most  ancient  now  in  custody  of 
Drumikill.  Put  having  found  no  document  either 
among  the  late  Buchanan's  or  DrumikilPs  eviden- 
ces that  can  in  any  measure  clear  this  allegation^ 

r AMII.T  or  DB1»f  IXILL#  2l  i 

I  tnust  leave  it  iindeteniiiiied»  though  it  be  no 
way  improbable,  if  there  had  been  any  such  evi- 
dences, the  same  might  by  some  contingency  or 
other  be  lost,  as  are  a  great  many  of  these  of  Buch- 
anan, and  the  whole  of  baron  MacAuslan's  most 
ancient  writes.     However  this  be. 

The  first  i  of  the  present  family  of  Drumikill, 
that  is  recorded  by  the  genealogical  tree  of  Buch- 
anan, and  evidences  of  Drumikill,  is  Thohas 
BucHAHAK,  son  to  Patrick,  first  of  that  name 
laird  of  Buchanan,  and  of  Galbndth,  heiress  of 
Xillearn,   Bamoir,  and    Auchinreoch,    his  lady. 
The  first  documents  relating  to  this  Thomas,  is  a 
disposition  to  him,  by  Finnoyse  MacAulay,  heiress 
of  a  little  tenement  in  Drymen,  called  Crofkewer ; 
in  which  disposition  he  is  designed,  An  honoura- 
ble person,  Thomas  Buchanan,  brother-german  to 
Walter  Buchanan  of  that  ilk ;  the  said  disposition 
being  dated  in  the  year  1482.    There  is  a  resig- 
nation by  John  Blair  of  Adamtoun,  in  the  hands 
of  William,  lord  Graham,  of  the  lands  of  Middle 
Ledlewan,  now  Moss,  for  new  infeftment  to  be 
given  of  these  lands  to  Thomas  Buchanan  of  Bal- 
leun,  brother-german  to  Walter  Buchanan  of  that 
ilk,  dated  in  the  year  1484.    Procurators  to  the 
resignation  are  Widter  Buchanan  of  that  ilk,  Pa- 
trick Colchoun  of  Glyn,  and  John  Nenboigof  that 
ilk.     There  is  a  charter  also  of  Balleun,  by  Wal- 
ter, laird  of  Buchanan,  in  favour  of  this  Thomas, 
tfome  little  time  before  this  of  Moss,  in  the  same 
year.     There  is  also  charter  by  Matthew,  earl  of 
Lennox,  in  favour  of  this  Thomas,  derigned  of 
Balleun,  of  that  part  of  the  hidf-lands  of  Drumi- 


kill  not  fonnevly  disponed,  called  Browster-croft, 
of  date  1491.     The  same  Thomas  grants  charter 
of  the  half>lands  of  Drumikill  to  Epbert  Buchanan 
his  800  in  fee,  with  reservation  of  his  own,  and 
Greils  Cuningham,  his  spouse's  life^rents,  dated 
in  the  year  1495.     This  Thomas,  upon  the  death 
of  Thomas  Buchanan  of  Carbeth,  his  uncle,  ob- 
tinned  the  lands  Gartincaber,  which  he  and  his 
flfuocessors  retained  possession  of  until   Carbeth 
sold  his  half  of  Drumikill,  to  the  proprietor  of  the 
other  half  of  that  estate,  upon  which  occasion^ 
Carbeth  re-obtsuned  the  beneficial  tack  of  Gartin* 
caber,  of  which  a  cadet  of  his  family  is  now  in 
possession.     And  this  seems  to  be  the  ground  of 
the  error  into  which  some  have  run,  concerning 
the  ancestors  of  these  two  families  being  the  same* 
in  regard  two  Thomases,  whose  age  differed  sa 
little,  were  proprietors  of  Gartincaber,  and  some- 
times designed  thereby.      Thomas  Buchanan  of 
CarbeUi^s  resignation  of  the  half-lands  of  Drumi- 
kill, in  the  hands  of  James  Halden  of  Glenegeis, 
superior  thereof,  and  Glenegeis^s  confirmation  of 
these  lands  in  favour  of  Robert  Buchanan,  are 
dated  in  the  year  1565.     Thomas  Buchanan  first 
of  Drumikill  was  married  to  Geils  Cuningham, 
daughter  to  Cuningham  of  Drumquhassil ;   and 
by  her  as  far  as  can  be  collected,  he  had  four  sons» 
that  came  to  age ;  Robert  his  successor,  Thomas^^ 
afterwards  of  Moss,  William  of  Baturrich,  now 
Drumhead^  and  John  of  Drumdash^  aft^rward^^ 
of  Camocboill  and  Wester  Ballat 

To  Thomas  first  of  Drumikill  succeeded  his 
son^  RoBEAT,  as  iis  evident  by  the  charters  in  his 


favour  of  the  lands  of  Drumikill ;  as  also  by  char- 
ter in  his  ftLYouT  of  Spittel  of  Finnick,  with  boat 
and  boatland  of  Catter,  by  Matthew,  earl  of  Len- 
nox,  dated  at  the  earFs  ancient  mannon-house  of 
Middle  Catter,  in  the  year  1505.  This  Robert 
was  married  to  Margaret  Hay,  of  what  family  not 
mentioned,  and  by  her  had  two  sons,  Thomas  his 
eldest,  who,  by  any  thing  can  be  found,  was  mar- 
ried to  Logy  of  that  ilk's  daughter.  This  Thomas 
was  not  entered  to  any  of  his  father^s  estate,  hav- 
ing died  young,  and  long  before  his  father,  he  be- 
ing only  mentioned  as  procurator  in  a  seadin  of 
Robert  his  father,  by  designation  of  Thomas  Buch- 
anan, primogenitus,  or  eldest  son  of  Robert  Buch- 
anan of  Drumikill.  Robert's  second  son  was 
John,  ancestor  of  Buchanan  in  Wester  Cameron. 
Thomas,  last-mentioned,  left  two  sons,  Robert 
and  Walter. 

Robert,  eldest  son  to  the  said  Thomas,  was 
served  heir  to  his  grandfather,  Robert  Buchanan 
of  Drumikill,  by  designation  of  his  nephew,  and 
apparent  heir,  in  the  year  1518.  He  died  unmar- 
ried, at  least  without  issue,  and  was  succeeded  by 
his  brother  Walter,  as  testifies  a  precept  of  Qare 
Constat  and  charter  thereon»  in  favour  of  him, 
and'  Janet  Buchanan  his  spouse,  in  life-rent,  and 
Thomas  Buchanan,  their  son,  in  fee  of  the  lands 
of  Drumikill,  dated  1536.  I  find  this  Walter 
mentioned  in  a  bond  of  an  hundred  merks  due  to 
John  Lennox  of  Branshogle,  by  Graham  of  Fin- 
try,  Cuningham  of  Glengamock,  and  Galbndth 
of  Balgair,  principali,  earl  of  Gkneaim,  Cua- 


i^gham  of  DruoiquhassU^  and  Walter  Buchan- 
an of  Drumikill,  cauti<Nier&j  all  ia  one  bond,  and 
subscribed  by  two  nottars,  in  regard  none  of  all 
the  principals  or  cautioners  could  write,  except 
Fintry  and  Drumikill.  This  bond  was  dated  in 
the  year  1537,  which  being  in  the  time  when  po« 
pery  prevailed  in  this  nation,  and  a  consummate 
ignorance  of  all  manner  of  learning,  it  is  not  to  be 
wondered  at,  that  so  many  laicks  should  not  be 
able  to  write,  when  I  hate  even  heard  from  a  gen- 
tleman of  y^ry  good  repute,  that  he  had  perused 
a.write  of  date  near  that  time,  in  which  two  of  the 
monks  of  Paisly  were  inserted  witnesses,  for  whom 
the  nottar  was  obliged  to  sign,  in  regard  these  two 
clergymen  were  ignorant  of  letters*  Walter  Buch- 
anan of  Drumikill  was  first  married  to  Janet  Buch- 
anan, daughter  to  Walter  Buchanan  of  Spittel, 
by  whom  he  had  Thomas  his  successor.  He  had 
for  second  lady  a  daughter  of  Kinross  of  Sip- 
penross,  and  had  by  her  William,  afterward  of 
Ross.    . 

To  Walter,  succeeded  his  son  Taomas,  as  is 
cleair,  by  the  charter  already  mentioned,  with  di- 
vers others.  He  was  first  married  to  Logan  of 
Balve/s  daughter ;  secondly,  to  Stirling  of  Glor- 
at^s  daughter.  Of  these  marriages  he  had  three  sons^ 
William,  his  successor;  Walter  of  Conochra;  and 
James  who  went  to  Ireland. 

Thomas  was  succeeded  by  his  son  WiuiaKi 
who  married  Semple  of  Fulwood^s  daughter,  by 
whom  he  had  three  sons,  Walter  his  successor; 
Thomas  and  George;  which  last  two  wetU^  to  Ire- 

FAMIZiY  09  9B17ttI»LL.  215 

landj  wbere  diyers  ol  tbaif  progeny  live  in  good 
ci]rG\Qnstapce&  H^  had  ulso  one  daughter,  mar- 
riect  to.  K^Qcaid  of  Auobinreoc^ 

Waltjbii,  siucceeded  his  father  William»  and  was 
married  to  Hamilton  of  Kinglassy^s  daughter*.  By 
her  he  bad  two  fio^^is^  William,  first  of  Cragievairn ; 
and  D^gal  of  Crartincaber. 

To  Walter,  suoceed.ed  his  son  William,  who 
was  married  to  Cuningham  of  Boquhan^s  daughter. 
He  bad  with  her  three  sons,  John,  William  and 
Walter.  The  two  last  left  no  issue.  This  William 
sold  the  estate  of  Drumikill,  to  his  cousiil.  Captain 
William  Buchanan,  second  son  to  William  Buchan- 
an, first  of  Ross,  and  afterward  purchased  from  my 
lord  Napier,  the  lands  of  Craigievairn,  by  which  he 
and  bis  successors  were  afterwards  designed. 

To  William,  first  designed  Craigievaim,  succeed- 
ed his  son  JoHK,  who  married  Cuningham  of  Trixir 
beg*s  daughter,  and  had  by  her  one  son,  William, 
his  successor ;  and  one  daughter,  married  to  lieu- 
tenant James  Hamilton,  brother  to  Hamilton  of 

William,  present  Cragievairn,  married  Hamilton 
of  Bardowie's  daughter^  and  hath  by  her  a  numer- 
ous- issue. 

The  first  cadet  of  the  family  of  Drumikill,  was 
Thomas  Bu4?hanak,  second  son  to  Thomas  Buch- 
anan,* first  of  Drumijcill,  who  obtiuned  the  lands  of 
Moss*  He  married  Agnes  Herriot,  daughter  to 
Herriot  of  Trabrowos  and  bad  by  ha:  three  sons. 
Of  tbe^e  was  Patrick,  sent  to  the  king  of  Denmark 
to  reqpire  ih$t  Hepburn,  earl  c^  Bothwel,  then 
pidsonei;  in  tbftt  kiogdam^  should  be  sent  to  Scot- 

S16  AtCOaVt  OF  90« 

land  in  order  to  be  punished  for  Damlie's  murder. 
This  Patrick  had  no  male  issue ;  so  that  the  Moss, 
by  virtue  of  some  oertiun  clause  in  his  father  Pa- 
trick's charter  of  the  same,  returned  to  the  laird  of 
Drumikilli  or  was  purchased  by  him.  Thomas  of 
Moss's  other  two  sons,  were  Alexander  Buchanan 
of  Ibert,  and  the  great  Mr.  Greorge  Buchanan. 

There  are  some  of  opinion,  that  Patrick,  Alexan- 
der, and  Mr.  George  were  sons  of  Thomas^  eldest 
son  of  Robert,  second  Drumikill.  But  this  suppo- 
sition is  clearly  overthrown  by  a  charter  among 
Drumikill's  evidences  lately  perused  by  me,  which 
had  escaped  me  upon  my  first  perusal  of  them, 
being  a  charter  of  William,  earl  of  Montrose,  to 
Thomas  Buchanan,  brother-german  to  Robert 
Buchanan  of  Drumikill,  as  nearest  heir  to  Thomas 
Buchanan,  bis  pupillus,  that  is,  as  I  take  it,  his  ne- 
phew, or  brother'*s  son,  of  the  lands  of  Moss.  So 
that  the  Moss  being  then  the  appenage,  or  second 
son's  portion  of  the  family  of  Drumikill ;  and  this 
Thomas,  being  the  only  second  son  existing  at  that 
time,  obtained  these  lands,  at  least  during  his  own 
lifetime,  as  the  custom  of  such  lands  was  then,  and 
for  a  long  time  thereafter.  For  further  illustration 
of  this  matter,  I  have  seen  in  the  hands  of  George 
Buchanan  of  Bellachruin,  lineal  successor  of  Alex- 
ander Buchanan  of  Ibert,  and  consequently  repre- 
senter  of  the  family  of  Moss,  a  discharge  by  WaU 
ter  Buchanan  of  Drumikill,  to  Alexander  Buchan- 
an of  Ibert,  his  cousin,  and  emm,  discharging  his 
intromission  for  some  years,  with  the  rents  of  apart 
of  the  esute  of  Drumikill.  Which  Walter,  by  au^ 
tbentic  documents  already  mentioned,  is  found  to 

be  SOD  io  ^Thomas,  younger  of  Dnwiikil],  ^and 
gcmKMi^d  to  Robert.  And  Aiexandw  of  Ibeit, 
by  the  €¥idence6  of  Gavtcailderland,  aud  others,  is 
known  to  be  son  to  Buchanan  of  Moss,  and  brother 
to  Mr»  George.  Whereas  if  he,  and  Mr.  Greorge 
had  been  sons  to  Thomas,  younger  of  Drciinikill, 
they  had  undoubte(tty  been  designed  brethren  to 
Walter  of  Drumikill,  grantor  of  the  said  discharge : 
and  the  term  of  oousnn  and  emm,  had  been  utterly 
unsuitable  and  nonsensical ;  the  word  emm,  impor- 
ting an  unde,  or  grandunde^s  son,  which  was  Che 
real  rdation  of  these  two  gentlemen  to  the  said 
Walter  Buchanan  of  Drumikill. 

Thomas  of  Mosses  second  eon,  was  Alexandkr 
BuGHANAH  of  Ibert,  who  had  two  sons,  the  eldest  of 
whom,  was  Mr.  Thomas  Buchanan,  as  is  clear  by 
charter  of  Ibert  in  his  favour,  by  Mr.  Thomas 
Ardiibaldy  Vicar  of  Drymen,  of  date  1567  years. 
He  became  lord  privy-seal,  upon  demission  cf  that 
ofBce  by  his  uncle,  Mr.  George.  He  married  a 
daughter  of  the  second  marriage,  of  John,  laird  of 
Buchanan ;  by  whom  he  bad  two  daughters,  the 
eldest  married  to  Patrick  Buchanan  of  Auchmar^ 
the  second  to  Captain  Henry  Cuningham.  Johuj 
second  son  to  Alexander  of  Ibert,  acquired  the 
lands  of  Ballachruin,  being  ancestor  to  George  Bu- 
chanan of  Bdladiruin,  whose  brethren  were  Moses 
Buchanan,  Merchant;  and  Arthur,  Wright  in 
Glasgow;  and  William,  who  left  one  son  George, 
who  went  abroad.  There  are  also  descended  of  this 
family,  Buchanan,  lately  of  Harperstoun ;  Buch- 
anan, portioner  of  Clober,  with  some  others. 

Thomas  of  Moss's  third  son,  was  die  sud  Mb. 

218  AccomsT  OF  ths 


CrBOBGX  BocHAHAN ;  tif  whom  being  an  honour  to 
our  name  and  nation^  I  shall  fpve  a  large  account 
after  having  finished  my  account  of  the  family  of 

The  next  cadet  of  the  family  of  Drunukill,  to 
that  of  Moss,  was  William  Buchanan  of  Baturrich, 
third  son  to  Thomas  Buchanan  of  DrumikilL  The 
first  lands  obtained,  after  he  came  ofi^  that  family, 
were  those  of  Mdikle  Baturrich  in  Sjlmaronock 
parish.  He  married  one  of  the  name  of  M'Aulay, 
Heiress  of  BUurhenachan,  now  Drumhead,  in  the 
parish  of  Cardross,  and  shire  of  Dunbarton ;  as  ap- 
pears by  charter  in  favour  of  the  said  YiTilliam  Bu« 
chanan,  dated  in  the  year  1590.  The  genealo^cal 
treeofthefamily  of  Buchanan,  asserts  this  William 
to  have  been  married  to  Amcaple^s  daughter ;  but 
it  seems  this  M^Aulay  of  Blairhenachan,  whose 
heiress  he  married,  was  a  son  of  the  family  of  Am- 
caple,  so  that  the  error  is  not  very  considerable* 
William  first  of  Blairhanachan^s  successor,  was  Ro- 
bert, who  obtained  a  charter  of  these  lands  from 
Alexander  M'AuIay  of  Amcaple,  dated  in  the  year 
1552.  This  Robert  made  an  excambion  with  Hal- 
dan  of  Glenegeis,  of  the  lands  of  Baturrich,  with 
those  of  Blairwhoish,  in  possession  of  which  Drum- 
*  head  continues.  Robert  above-mentioned,  had 
'  three  sons,  Robert,  his  successor ;  Mungo,  first  of 
Tullichewn ;  and  John,  or  as  others  say  with  no  less 
probability,  Thomas,  first  of  Drumfad. 

Robert,  second  Blairhenachan,  was  succeeded  by 
his  son  of  the  same  name,  who  had  two  sons^ 
Archibald  his  successor,  and  Robert,  who  went  to 
Irdandy  and  resided  in  Glenmaqueen  in  the  coun- 


ty  of  Deny.  He  had  two  sons,  Archibald  and 
George.  Archibald,  the  eldest  of  these  sons,  mar* 
ried  his  counn-gennan,  heiress  of  Blairhenachan, 
the  title  of  which  be  changed  into  that  of  Drum- 
head, yet.retiuned.  He  was  father  to  Archibald, 
now  of  Drumhead,  who  is  married  to  Anderson 
of  StobcroBs's  daughter,  by  whom  he  hath  three 
sons  and  two  daughters.  His  eldest  son,  Archi- 
bald Budianan,  younger  of  Drumhead,  is  tiiarried 
to  Gilbert  Buchanan  of  BankePs  daughter.  James 
and  George,  his  other  two  sons,  both  merchants  in 
Glasgow,  are  unmarried.  His  eldest  daughter  is 
married  to  Robert  Buchanan,  writer  in  Glasgow. 
His  other  daughter  is  unmarried.  Drumhead  had 
two  risters,  the  eldest  married  to  Napier  of  Balli* 
kinrainj  the  youngest  to  Buchanan  of  Balfunning. 
The  first  cadet  of  Drumhead's  family,  is  Buch- 
anan of  Tullichewn.  Mungo  Buchanan,  second 
son  to  Robert,  second  Blairhenachan,  who  pivchas- 
ed  the  Spittels  of  Creitingaws,  from  the  Dennis- 
touns,  cohdresses  of  these  Spittels ;  the  one  part 
thereof  from  the  one  of  these,  with  consent  of  Tho- 
mas Buchanan,  her  husband,  who  seems  to  be  bro- 
ther to  the  siud  Mungo,  in  the  year  1603;  the 
other  half  of  these  Spittels  from  the  other  heir- 
ess, in  the  year  1605.  In  which  year,  he  got  char- 
ter of  confirmation  of  the  Spittels,  from  James  Dea- 
niestoun  of  Colgrain,  superior  thereof.  Mungo!s 
successor  was  Robert,  who  obtained  first  a  tack,  and 
afiter  a  feu-charter,  from  Lodowick,  Duke  of  Len- 
nox, of  the  lands  of  m&kie  Tullichewn.  T*his  Ro- 
bert had  two  sons,  Robert,  his  successor ;  and  Wil- 
fianii  who  acquired  Stuckrodger.  Robert  ot  TuU 


Ikhemi  had  one  aon^  Miingot  who  had  four  sons, 
Boberty  his  suoceascMr ;  James,  who  acquired  apart 
of  little  TiiUicheWD^  and  bad  issue;  Mungp,  Writ- 
er in  Edinburgh  wbo  purchased  HiHoun  and 
Auchitttorly,  and  left  issue ;  and  William^  now  in 

Thomas,  youngest  brother  df  Mungo,  first  of 
TulUchewn,  and  third  son  to  Robert,  second  Blair- 
henachan,  acquired  a  feu,  or  wedset-right^  of  the 
lands  of  meikle  Drudifiid  in  Glenfroon.  His  son 
was  called  John^  designed  of  Drumfad;  which 
lands  this  John>  or  radber  his  son  of  the  same  name^ 
sdd,  being  ancestor  to  John  Buchanan  of  Catter'- 
Buhi  in  the  parish- of  Eilmaronocki  and  others. 

There  ate  also  di  v^s  of  the  family  of  Drumhead 
besides  these  mentioned,  who  reside  in  the  parishes 
of  Diinbarton  and  Bonndl.  William  of  Studbrod- 
ger,  above-named,  had  one  son,  William,  who 
mostly  resided  at  St  Ninians,  who  had  two  sons, 
.William,  who  left  one  son ;  and  James,  who  went 

The  next  cadet  of  DrumheadV  family,  was 
WALtSB,  ordinarily  termed  Walter  in  Dtymen^ 
because  he  resided  the  most  part  of  his  time  in  that 
village.  Having  no  manner  of  document,  to  testify 
the  time  and  manner  of  the  descent  of  this  Walter, 
off  that  of  Drumhead,  I  must  leave  the  same  unde^ 
termined,  though  he  is  always  reputed,  as  also  own- 
ed by  his  progeny  to  be  a  cadet  of  the  said  family. 
This  Walter  had  two  sons,  John  and  Walter,  both 
notars.  John  had  three  sons,  Walter  the  eldest, 
for  whom  he  purchased  the  lands  of  Moss,  being 
grahdfath^  to  the  present  Walter  Buchanan  of 

FAKILT  aF  ]>SirKXKXLX..  281 

Moss,  and  father  to  John  Buchanan  of  Caiitoun. 
Jchn^  the  notar^s  second  son  was  Jdin,  grandfather 
to  Archibald  Buchanan  of  Balfunning,  and  father 
to  John  Buchanan  of  little  Croy.  His  third  son 
was  William,  who  had  one  son,  who  never  married* 
Walter  in  Drjrmen's  second  son,  Waher,  went  to 
Argyllshire,  and  settled  in  Melfort  in  that  shire,  in 
whieh,  and  Lismore,  divers  of  his  race  continue  yet. 
Some  others  came  thence,  and  settled  in  Drymen 
parish  and  other  places. 

The  last  cadet  of  the  family  of  Drumheadj  is 
GBOEOKt  the  present  Drumhead^s  uncle.  He  re- 
aided  the  most  of  his  time  near  Bapho,  in.the 
county  of  Derry  in  Ireland.  He  purchased  a  pret* 
ty  good  interest  in  that  kingdom.  He  was  a  gen« 
deman  of  a  very  good  character,  and  very  much 
esteemed  in  that  place.  He  had  two  sons,  the 
eldest  succeeded  to  his  interest,  the  youngest  was  a 

The  third  cadet  of  the  family  of  Drumikill,  was 
John,  fourth  son  to  Thomas,  first  of  Drumikill, 
who  for  patrimony,  got  a  beneficial  tack  of  Drum- 
dash  in  Drymen  parish.  He  was  killed  by  the 
Buchanans  of  Cadiill,  and  succeeded  by  his  son 
Walter,  who  sold  Drumdash,  and  obtained  a  tack 
of  Camochoil,  and  purchased  the  Spittel  of  Wester 
Ballat^  from  the  M^Convels,  heiresses  thereof, 
about  the  year  1553.  He  also  got  a  grasoum  tack  of 
Wester  Ballat.  He  had  two  sons  John  and  Duncan, 
John,  his  eldest  son,  had  no  male  issue,  the  bene« 
ficial  tack  of  Camochoil,  by  that  means  fell  to  his 
daughters.  The  eldest  of  these  being  married  to 
one  Blair,  convieyed  with  her  the  Camochoil,  being 

8S8  Mecmn  ov  yb» 

ancestor  to  Blair  BOW  of  CttteoehoiL  Marfshro^hM 
obtained  the  heritage  of  the  SpitteU»  with  taek  dT 
Wester  Ballat.  I  find*  this  John  last  mentionedy 
inserted  witness  in  a  brieve,  directed  to  Patrick  de 
Buehanan>  sheriff  of  Stirling^  for  infeftbg  ofSoi* 
brt  eBuchanan,^  nephew  and  heir  to  Robert  Bilkch* 
anan  of  Drinnikill.  Duncan  the  smd  John's  brbth'er^ 
was  ancestor  to  Patrick  Buchanan  of  Wester  Bal-* 
lat,  who  had  three  sons,  John,  the  eldest,  who  had* 
issue ;  Mr.  Thomas,  writer  in  Edinburgh ;  and* 
Duncan,  merchant  in  London.  Ot  this  family,  is 
descended,.  John  Buchanan  in  Hiltoun  of  B«dily-» 
vie ;  Patrick  Buchanan  Mwchant  at  Kij^n  kidv 
with  some  others  in  these  parts.  There  are  also 
divers  of  this  family  in  the  counties  of  Antrim 
and  Down,  in  Ireland. 

The  fourth  cadet  ofthe  family  of  Drumikill,  was 
JoHK  of  Cameron,  second  son  to  Robert,  second  of 
Drumikill.  He  was  married  to  Denniestoun  of 
Auchindinnan'^s  daughter.  He  obtained  the  lands 
of  Wester  Caineron  in  tack  \  bis  son  having  after- 
wards purchased  the  same  in  heritage,  which  was 
sold  by  Walter,  grandfather  to  the  present  WiiUam 
in  Cameron,  to  Drumikill.  Th^e  are  few,  or  none 
of  this  family  remaining,  except  William,  now  in 
Cameron,  who  bath  three  sons,  Walter,  William 
and  John,  all  married*  William  had  a  brother 
called  George,  who  went  abroad. 

There  was  one  Angus  Buchanan  of  Finniekten* 
ent,  reputed  a  cadet  of  Drumikill,  andifso^  behov- 
ed to  be  a  third  son  of  Robert,  second  lairdr  of 
Drumikill.  The  last  of  that  family  went  to  Ireland» 
Aore  than  an  age  ago.     There  being  no  account 

FAXBEar  OF  IMEVimXLL.  888 

whether  any  of  that  iboe  be  i^emaniing  iw  thaft 
kingdom  or  not,  thierf  iff  no  greaH!  ooeaiion  to  klh 
mt  too  much'  upon  the  descent  of  the  same* 

The  fifth  cadet  of  DrunrikiU^  was  Wi&£iAnrBbw 
CHANAN  of  Boss,  seoond  son  to  Waliber,'  fourA 
laird  of  Drumikill^  his  mother  being  ICnrosff  of 
KippenrosB^s  daughter.     He  married  John  Buch- 
anan in  Grartincaber^s  daughter,  by  whom  he  had 
three  sons,  John,  his  sucoesBov ;  Captaan  Wittam 
and  George ;  also  three  deugfaterff,.  die  ebimsb  nmju 
ried'  to  Cuningham  of  Trinbeg,  the  second  tO'BuoH- 
anan  of  Auchmar,  the  third  to  Buchanan  of  €!ar- 
beth.     He  purchased  the  huids  <^  Bos8<  from' die 
earl  of  Glencaim,  and  was  succeeded  by  John  his 
son,  who  was  thrice  married,  first  to  Cunhlgfaflfn 
of  DrumqjuhassiFs  daughter,  and  had  by  her,  one 
son,  and  two  daughters.     The  eldest  of  these 
daughters  was  married  to  Andrew,  laird  of  M^Pfaa*^ 
Ian,  being  mother  to  the  late  John,  hdrd   of 
M ^Pharhin.    The  other  daughter  was  married  to 
Robert  Taylor  of  Mansfield,  and  had  issue.    John 
of  Ross  was  secondly  married  to  Crawford  o(  Kit- 
birnie^s  daughter,  relict  to  Lindsay  o£  Balquhua- 
rage.    He  bad  with  her  one  son,  William,  seoond 
lairdofDrumikill  of  that  race,  and  one  daughter 
married  to  Edward  Buchanan  of  Spittel.     He  had 
for  third  lady,  Anna  Bickettoun,  with  whom  he 
had  issue. 

Captain  William*  second  son  to  William  first 
d  Ross,  was  thrice  married,  but  had  no  issue. 
He  purchased  the  estate  of  DrumikiU  from  his 
cousin  William,  eighth  laird  thereof;  and  because 
he  had.  no  issue  of  his  own,  disponed  that  estate 


to  his  nephew  William  Budianan,  second  son  to 
John  of  RosSy  the  captain^s  eldest  brother. 

This  William  of  DrumikiU  married  a  daughter 
of  MacAulay  of  Amcaple,  and  had  by  her  three 
sons,  William,  who  died  unmarried,  Archibald, 
now  of  Drumikill,  and  George,  who  had  no  issue, 
also  one  daughter,  married  to  lieutenant  William 
Bontrin,  brother  to  the  liurd  of  Airdoch,  who  had 
issue.  Archibald,  present  Drumikillj  married  Jean 
Budbanan,  heiress  of  Ross,  daughter  of  James 
Buchanan  of  Ross  his  uncle,  and  of  Margaret 
Stirling,  daughter  to  Stirling  of  Law.  With  her 
he  had  four  sons  and  four  daughters ;  George,  third 
son  to  William  first  of  Ross,  was  killed  in  the 
year  1645,  having  no  issue. 

The  nxth  cadet  of  the  fanuly  of  DrumikiU  was 
Waltbe  of  Conachra  in  Drymen  parish,  second 
son  to  Thomas,  third  of  that  name,  and  fifth  laird 
of  DrumikilL  There  are  none  of  his  male  issue 
living  except  Thomas  Buchanan  of  Eirkhouse  of 
Strablane,  and  his  children.  The  said  Walter 
had  one  daughter,  married  to  John  Govean  in 
Drjrmen,  being  mother  to  William  Govean  of 
Drumquhassil.  The  said  Thomas  had  a  third 
SOU)  James,  who  went  to  Ireland.  ' 

'  The  seventh  cadet  of  DrumikiU  was  Thomas, 
second  son  to  William,  sixth  laird  of  DrumikiU. 
He,  with  his  brother  George,  went  to  Ireland, 
where  their  progeny  reside. 

The  last  cadet  of  that  family  was  Dugal  Buch- 
anan, second  son  to  Walter,  seventh  laird  of 
DrumikiU,  and  brother  to  WUIiam,  last  of  that 
race  of  DrumikUI,  and  first  of  Craigievaira.     This 


Dugal  acquired  Lower  Gartincaber  in  Buchanan 
parish :  he  was  twice  married,  having  of  the  first 
marriage  John  Buchanan,  writer  in  Edinburgh, 
of  the  second  marriage  Thomas  Buchanan^  perri- 
wig-maker  in  Glasgow. 

The  old  family,  of  Drumikill  of  which  William 
Buchanan,  now  of  Craigievairn,  is  representer,  by 
any  information  I  can  obtain,  for  armorial  bearing 
carries  the  bearing  of  Buchanan ;  and  for  distinc- 
tion, a  battle-ax  in  the  lion^s  dexter  paw,  pointing 
towards  th^  clnef  proper,*  uTith  hornet  in- crest, 
suiting  his  quality.  The  motto.  Prosecute  or 

The  present  Buchanan  of  Drumikill  bears  Buch- 
anan ;  and  for  distinction,  in  the  lion's  dexter  paw, 
a  mail's  heart  proper;  his  ra*^t^  a  dieicter  hand 
holding  a  sword.     Motto,  God  with  my  Hght. 

Buchanan  of  Drumhead,  a  cadet  of  the  old  fami* 
ly  of  Drumikill,  bears  Buchanan ;  for  distioetion, 
a  bent  bow  in  die  HonV  dmster  paw,.andaa  arrow 
in  his  dexter ;  for  crest,  a  sinister  hand  holding  a 
bent  bowr    His  motto,  ParJU  FortuM  Laboaru 





HAVING  finished  my  account  of  the  fanuly  of 
Drumikill,  I  return,  aooording  to  promise,  to  glre 
some  memoirs  of  the  famous  Mh.  George  Buch- 
ANAVf  who  brought  such  a  mighty  accession  of 
honour  both  to  his  name  and  country.  It  i^rees 
not  with  my  design  to  give  a  complete  history  of 
this  great  man ;  for  that  would  be  to  give  a  history 
of  Scotland  during  the  age  in  which  he  lived,  in 
the  affairs  whereof  he  bore  so  considerable  a  part. 
He  was  born,  as  he  himself  informs  us,  in  the 
year  1506.  The  death  of  his  father,  and  the 
breaking  of  his  grandfather,  brought  the  family 
under  very  great  difficulties.  His  mother  being 
left  a  widow  with  eight  children,  did  all  she  could 
for  their  education,  though  under  the  greatest  dis- 
couragements. But  it  was  George^s  peculiar  good 
fortune  to  be  taken  notice  of  by  a  brother  of  his 
mother^  who  finding  him  extremely  capable  of 

ACCOaNT  07  MB.  6BOEOX  BUCHANAK.      227 

leftntiDg,  sent  him  to  Paris ;  from  whence,  after 
about  two  years^  stay,  he  was  obliged  to  return, 
by  leason  of  his  nanow  drcumstances,  and  want 
of  health*    After  his.  recovery  he  became  a  volun^ 
tear  in  the  French  troops  then  in  Scotland,  but 
soon  falling  sick. again,  went  to  St.  Andrews,  and 
studied  logic  under  the  celebrated  John  Major. 
He  followed  him  to  France  the  same  year,  and 
after  having  stayed  at  Paris  two  years,  struggling 
\vith  his  misfortunes,  he  was  called  to  teach  gram- 
mar in  the  college  of  St.  Barbara.     This  he  did 
for  three  years.    He  was  brought  back  into  Scot- 
land by  a  young  nobleman,  the  earl  of  Cassils, 
who  had  kept  him  mth  him  five  years  in  Paris. 
He  intended  to  have  returned  again  into  France, 
but  was  prevented  by  the  king^s  appointing  him 
governor  to  his  natural  son,  the  earl  of  Murray. 
He  had  some  time  before  this  wrote  a  poem,  which 
enraged  the  whole  fraternity  of  Cordeliers  agunst 
him,  and  raised  him  many  enemies,  with  whose 
reproaches  he  was  so  touched,  that  he  began  from 
thenceforward  to  listen  more  than  ever  to  the 
teachers  of  the  Reformation.    About  this  time  the 
king  returning  from  France,  made  the  clergy  very 
uneasy,  they  being  apprehensive,  that  queen  Mag- 
dalen whom  he  brought  along  with  him,  had  im- 
bibed the  new  opinions  from  her  aunt  the  queen 
of  Navarre.    But  the  death  of  that  princess  soon 
dispelled  their  fears.      Sometime  after  a  plot  was 
discovered  against  the  king,  who  upon  this  found 
reason  'to  believe,  that  the  Cordeliers  had  not  dis- 
charged their  duty  to  him.  ^   He  therefore  com- 
manded Buchanan  to  write  some  verses.    Buchan- 

Stt  AGoomiT  or 

an  obeyed  withoQt  any  reludanoe,  bntJcept  within 
Ixmndsy  4Uid  ^nade  use  of  ambiguous  expressioDS. 
The  king  notpleasedwidi  those-verses,  commaBded 
htm  to  write  sharper,  which  was  accordingly  done 
in  the  famous  Sylva,  which  is  called  Franciscanus. 
Cardinal  iBeton  hereupon  plotted  his  ruin,  and 
6?^  proceeded  so  far  as  to  get  him  thrown  into 
prison,  from  whence  he  escaped  by  his  ingenuity, 
and  fled  into  England.    But  matters  bdng  in  such 
confutton  there,  that  one  day  the  Lutherans  were 
burnt,  and  the  next  day  the  papists,  he  thought 
fit  to  retire  again  into  France;  and  for  fear  car- 
dinal Beton,  who  was  then  ambassador  at  that 
court,  should  play  him  some  trick,  he  privately 
^•jihdrew  from  Paris,  and  went  to  Bourdeaux, 
whither  Andrew  <3oveanus,  a  learned  Portuguese, 
in.iited  him*    He  taught  three  years  there,  though 
not  without  some  dread  of  the  Cordeliers  and  car- 
dinal Beton,  which  last  had  written  to  the  arch- 
bishop of  Bourdeaux  to  secure  him  ;  but  that  pre- 
late was  .90  kind  as  to  discover  the  matter  to  some 
of  Buchanan^s  intimate  friends.    Afler  this  he  fol- 
lowed Groveanus*  into  Portugal,  who  had  orders 
fhMn*  the  king  his  master  to  bring  him  a  certain 
number  of  persons  fit  to  teach  philosophy  and 
literature  in  the  new  university  he  had  fi^unded 
at  XlSqaimbria.    All  went  well  as  long  as  Goveanus 
Eved,  but  he  dying  soon  after,  the  learned  men 
who  followed  him,  particularly  Buchanan,  were 
vexed  all  manner  of  ways.     Hiey  ript  up  his 
poem  against  the  Cordeliers,  ancf  repnudbed  him 
wilh  mating  flesh  in  Lent,  though  according  to  the 
enrtom  of  die  country.     It  was  also  pretended, 

MS.  6SOB6X  BUCHANAN.  889 

that  in  Us  dificoiirae  he  had  discovered  some  dis« 
gust  at  the  catholic  religion.  He  was  thus  plagued 
with  them  for  above  a  jear  together,  till  at  last, 
for  fear  of  discovering  that  they  had  unjustly  har- 
rassed  a  man  of  reputation,  they  confined  him  for 
some  months  to  a  monastery,  in  order  to  be  better 
instructed.  It  wasthere  he  undertook  his  admir- 
ed paraphrase  of  the  Psalms,  which  has  been  since 
prized  at  such  an  inestimable  rate  by  the  learned 
world.  Having  obtoined  his  liberty,  he  past  into 
England,  but  quickly  returned  to  France.  Some 
years  after  he  entered  into  the  service  of  mareschal 
de  Brissac,  and  was  tutor  to  his  son  Timoleon  de 
Cosse,  to  whom  he  has  inscribed  his  incomparable 
poem  De  Sphasra.  The  mareschal  then  command'^ 
ed  the  French  army  in  Piedmont  Buchanan  con«p 
tinued  five  years  in  that  employment,  sometimes 
in  Italy,  and  sometimes  in  France.  He  quitted 
it  in  1560.  Returning  into  Scotland  after  the  dis- 
turbances occasdoned  by  the  faction  of  the  Guises 
were  composed,  he  went  over  openly  to  the  com- 
munion of  the  reformed  church,  and  was. made 
preceptor  to  king  James  VI.  in  1565. 

Thus  far  have  we  an  account  of  this  great  man 
from  himself,  as  he  wrote,  and  published  it  in  his 
own  lifetime.  His  modesty  withheld  him  from 
giving  us  a  detail  of  the  great  honours  and  pros* 
perity  to  which  he  afterwards  arrived.  However, 
the  histories  of  that  age  make  it  evident,  he  was 
for  some  years  in  the  management  of  our  Scottbh 
affairs.  By  being  promoted  to  the  post  of  lord  pri- 
vy-seal, he  became  one. of  the  great  ct&eevs  of 
state.  And  his  activity  in  pushing  the  Befonr 


tion  gave  him  such  a  obaraeterwith  bur  refannersy 
that  he  was  diosen  by  them  to  preside  in  one  of 
their  general  assemblies  as  moderi^or,  mitvidi- 
standing  of  his  being  a  layman. 

Yet  these  are.  but  a  small  part  of  hb  honours, 
compared  with  that  lasting  giory  he  has  aeqmred 
by  his  admirable  writings.  His  Hi^ory.of  Soot- 
land,  both  for  disposition  and  purity  of  Isnguage» 
has  been  looked  upon,  by  all  good  judges^  to  come 
the  nearest  to  the  ancients  of  any  performance 
these  latter  ages  hsTC  produced*  I  know  indeed 
he  has  been  blamed  by  some  people  of  paxtiality ; 
but  the  imputation  has  never  yet  been  made  suffi- 
ciently out  upon  those  passages  excepted  agdinst. 
He  has  also  been  no  less  censured  for  maintainii^ 
several  principles,  apprehended  to  be  destructive 
of  government,  in  his  dialogue  DeJwre  Regniapmd 
Sc^toe,  It  is  not  my  bunness  either  to  justify  or, 
condemn  him  in  this  matter.  Yet  thus  much  may 
safely  be  said  for  him,  That  he  has  kud  down  no 
general  principles  of  government,  but  what  have 
been  maintained  by  the  greatest  legislators  and 
philosophers  of  antiquity  ^  and  that  he  has  been 
fUtowed  in  them  by  several  of  the  most  eminent 
among  the  modem  writers.  If  to  err  be  a  fault, 
it  is  always  allowed  to  be  an  extenuation  of  it^  to 
err  in  good  company.  And  this  is  all  I  sIitiH  say 
oti  the  matter. 

Buchanan's  poetical  writings  have  met  with  a 
better  fate ;  very  few  having  had  the  hardiness  to 
detract  £rora  the  worth  of  them»  and  those  few 
that  have  done  it^  having  gained  so  little  honour 
by  k.    He  has  been  admbed  over  all  Burope,  as 


the  many  editions  of  his  works  abundantly  testify, 
which»  as  they  are  in  every  body^s  hands,  it  would 
be  a  very  needless  piece  of  presumption  in  me  to 
give  any  character  of.  Nor  shall  I  trouble  either 
myself  or  the  reader  with  the  numerous  encomiums 
of  learned  men  upon  him  ;  but  conclude  with  the 
single  testimony  of  the  great  Scaliger,  whose  praise, 
considering  how  little  he  was  addicted  to  bestow 
it,  cannot  be  suspected. 

Imperii  fuerat  Komani  Scotia  limes ; 
Bomani  eloqui  Scotia  finia  erit. 

As  Scotia*8  realms  the  Roman  power  confined, 
So  here  that  rest  Bome*8  arts  and  language  find. 





'  THERE  has  been  a  long  continued  pretension 
made  by  the  lairds  of  Drumikilly  that  the  ancestor 
of  this  family  of  Carbetu  was  a  cadet  of  the  fa- 
mily of  Drum! kill.  At  what  time  this  pretennon 
was  formed,  how  long  continued,  or  how  far  ac- 
quiesced in,  in  more  ancient  times,  I  cannot  posi* 
tively  determine ;  but  am  very  confident,  the  late 
Carbeth,  a  man  pretty  well  skilled  in  the  genealo- 
gy of  his  own,  and  other  families  of  his  name,  did 
not  in  the  least  own  any  such  matter.  Though  I 
must  own  it  would  be  a  matter  of  the  utmost  dif- 
ficulty to  distinguish  these  two  families,  were  it 
not  the  two  charters,  after-mentionedi  being  the 
most  ancient  pertaining  to  this  family^  are  so  very 
dear  of  themselves ;  which,  notwithstanding,  does 
not  fully  satisfy  some  of  the  more  nice  and  critical. 
For  satisfaction  of  such,  I  shall  here  observe  some 
few  things,  besides  what  I  offered  in  the  account 

Accouirr  of  vhb  favilt  of  cabbbth.    iM8 

of  the  family  of  Dimmikill.  That  wbiefa  adiaiu 
of  the  greatest  difficulty  in  beiog  resolved,  and  is 
ssostly  objected)  is  a  service  of  William^  sixth  laird 
of  DrumikiUi  which  I  perused  among  others  of 
the  late  Buchauan^s  evidents^  by  which  the  said 
William  is  served  hdr  to  Thomas  Buchanani  of 
Gartincaber,  great  grandfather  to  the  said  WiU 
ham.  So  that  the  first  charter  of  Thomas  of  Car« 
betVs  ancestor  being  that  of  Gartincaber,  it  is  pre* 
sumed,  he  was  ancestor  of  both  the  families.  For 
resolution  of  this,  it  is  very  evident,  that  all  appen«« 
age,  or  tanistry  lands,  though  always  disponed 
by  charter  to  the  second  sons  of  families,  did  never 
descend  or  aocresce  to  their  heirs,  but  did  always, 
upon  decease  of  him  to  whom  these  were  first  dis- 
poned, return  again  to  the  principal  family,  and 
were  by  that  after  the  same  manner  reserved 
&Hr,  and  dinned  to,  the  next  second  son  of  the 
.  aame.  This  is  so  very  demonstrable,  by  so  many 
instancies,  as  to  need  no  further  confirmation.  .  So 
that  Thomas  of  Carbeth,  being  second  son  to  Sir 
Walter,  laird  of  Buchanan,  obtained  from  bis 
ddest  brother,  Patrick,  the  lands  of  Gartincaber 
during  life,  after  whose  death  Patrick  gave  these 
lands  to  another  Thomas,  his  second  son ;  or,  more 
probably,  Walter,  Patrick^s  successor,  disponed 
these  lands  to  the  same  Thomas  his  brother,  being 
ancestor  of  the  family  of  Drumikill,  as  the  tree  of 
Bwhanan  plmnly  asserts ;  and  by  this  means  the 
service  in  favour  of  William  of  Drumikill  is  very 
j^bt,  whereas  if  he  had  been  served  to  Carbeth^s 
ancestor  by  designation  of  Gartincaber,  he  would 
be  a  degree  further  removed  than  Walter  of  Drumi^ 
3  ♦ 

884  ACC0|;NT  OF  THK 

kill  his  great  grandfather.  Yea,  the  cadets  oi  the 
finnily  of  Drumikilt,  from  the  death  of  Thomas  of 
Carbeth,  possest  these  lands  of  Gartincaber  till 
the  time  of  this  service,  immediately  after  whicfay 
Carbeth  obtained  the  beneficial  tack  of  the  same, 
or  rather  before  this  time,  as  is  reported,  having 
then  obliged  Drumikill  to  serve  heir  to  his  ances^ 
tor,  in  order  to  make  his  right  thereof  to  Carbeth 
the  more  valid.  For  further  illustration  of  this 
matter,  it  is  plain,  Thomas  of  Carbeth's  ancestor 
obtwwd  the  lands  of  Carbeth  in  heritage  some 
years  before  any  charter  can  be  produced  in  favour 
of  Thomas  first  of  Drumikill.  So  that  if  these 
had  been  one  and  the  same^  it  cannot  be  in  reason 
supposed,  but  that  he  had  been  designed  by  Car- 
beth, in  some  one  or  other  of  these  evidents  of 
Drumikill  and  Moss,  in  which  he  is  always  men* 
tioned  by  other  designations.  Lastly*  in  that  re- 
ttgnation,  by  Thomas  Buchanan  of  Carbeth^  of  his 
half  of  Drumikill,  to  Robert  Buchanan,  second 
Drumikill,  anno  1505,  he  is  there  designed  by 
Carbeth,  without  the  least  intimation  of  any  re* 
lation  betwixt  him  and  the  said  Robert ;  where- 
as if  the  above-mentioned  allegation  were  true, 
this  Thomas  the  disponer  behoved  to  be  Robert's 
father,  which  could  not  miss  to  be  so  specified 
upon  this  occasion ;  whereas  Roberts  father  in 
his  disposition  to  him  of  the  other  half  of  Drumi- 
kill, in  the  year  149^5,  is  there  designed  Thomas 
Buchanan  of  Drumikill,  ten  years  before  the  date 
of  this  other  write.  So  that  it  is  very  clear^ 
Thomas  first  of  Carbeth,  and  Thomas  of  DrliBit- 
kill>  were  two  different  persons,  the  first  being 


uncle  tQ  the  latter;  and  that  Thomas^  who  dis- 
poned bis  part  to  Robert,  was  cousin-germaH  to 
the  first.  Thomas  of  DrumikilL. 

Judging  that  by  what  I  have  here  and  else- 

wh^e  advanced}  I  have  put  this  matter  in  a  clearer 

light  than  hitherto  the  same  has  been  done;  I 

shall  proceed  to  the  account  of  the  family  of  Car- 

beth.     The  first  charter  I  find  relating  to  the  same 

is,  a  charter  by  Patrick,  first  of  that  name  lurd  of 

Buchanan,  to  his  beloved  brother,  Thomas  Buch* 

AKAN,  of  the  lands  of  Gartincaber,  dated  in  the 

year   1461,  by  which  it  is  clear  that  the  said 

Thomas  was  second  or  third  son  to  Sir  Walter, 

third  of  that  name  laird  of  Buchanan,  his  mother 

being  daughter  of  Murdoc,  duke  of  Albany.     This 

Thomas  was  the  first  who  acquired  Carbeth,  as 

appears  by  a  charter  granted  by  John  Halden  of 

Glenegeis  to  an  honourable  person,  Thomas  Buch* 

anan  of  Gartincaber,  of  Meikle  Carbeth,  dated  in 

the  year  1476*    There  is  no  record  to  testify  into 

what  family  this  Thomas  married ;  but  it  is  pretty 

dear  be  had  two  sons,  Thomas  and  John,  to  whom 

he  gave  for  portion  the  beneficial  tack  of  Easter 

Ballat,  which  with  Balwill  and  Kepdourie,  (the 

two  last  being  confirmed  by  charter  of  Carbeth,) 

seem  to  have  been  a  part  of  the  Arral^s  lands, 

though  no  evidents  concerning  the  same,  if  any 

such  were,  are  now  extant. 

To  Thomas  first  of  Carbeth  succeeded  his  son 
Thomas,  who  gave  away  his  half  of  the  lands  of 
Drumikill  to  Robert  Buchanan,  laird  of  the  other 
half  thereof,  in  the  year  1505,  as  is  already  men- 
tioned.    Thomas  the  second^s  marriage  is  as  little 


kaowa  as  tha  firsts  if  he  was  mamed  at  all ;  how- 
ever»  he  aeems  to  have  lived  a  oonsideraUe  limey 
haying  outlived  his  seoond  brother  John,  aad  at 
length  having  died  without  issue. 
*  Thomas  Buchamam,  son  and  heir  to  the  de- 
ceased John  Buchanan  in  Easter  Ballat»  as  nearest 
heir  to  his  uncle  Thomas  of  Carbeth,  obtained 
charter  from  John  Halden  of  61enegeis»  in  favour 
of  himself  and  Janet  Buchanan  his  spouse  in  life- 
rent,  and  of  Thomas  Buchanan  his  waa  in  fee,  of 
the  lands  of  Carbeth,  in  the  year  i55&  This 
Thomas  the  third  of  Carbetb  is  said  to  have  been 
first  married  to  a  daughter  of  Douglas  of  Mains, 
by  whom  he  had  Thoicas  his  successor ;  and  for 
his  second  wife,  was  married  to  a  daughter  of  the 
laird  of  Buchanan.  By  her  he  had  fi^e  sons,  and 
one  daughter,  married  to  Gregor  MacGregor, 
Glengyte's  ancestor.  The  sons  were,  John,  WaW 
ter,  William,  Archibald,  and  Robert. 

Thomas  third  of  Carbeth  was  succeeded  by  bis 
SOB  of  the  same  name,  of  whose  marriage  there  is 
no  account,  nor  of  that  of  his  successor,  being  also 
Thomas,  fifth  of  that  name  of  Carbeth,  who  had 
one  daughter,  married  to  Galbraith  of  Ba^g^, 
and  was  succeeded  by  his  son 

Thomas,  sixth  of  that  name.  He  married  a 
daughter  of  Adam  Cokhoun,  merchant  in  Dun- 
barton,  said  to  be  a  son  of  Luss^s,  her  mother 
being  Lindsay  of  Bonneirs  daughter.  He  had 
by  her  two  sons,  John  his  successor,  and  Walter. 
,  JoHS,  first  of  that  name,  succeeded  his  father 
Thomas :  he  married  a  daughter  ctf  Williaun  Buch- 
anan of  Ross,  and  had  by  her  two  sons,  John  his 

FAaaLT  OF  CAKBBTH.  237 

successor,  and  Moses  of  Glyn  ;  also  two  daugUers, 
tbe  eldest  married  to  James  Forrester  of  Polder, 
the  youngest  to  John  Brice,  notar. 

John,  second  of  that  name,  succeeded  to  his  fa- 
ther. He  was  first  married  to  Cleland  of  Ward- 
bead^s  daughter,  by  whom  he  had  two  daughters. 
The  eldest  of  these  was  married  to  John  Callen- 
der  of  Westertoun,  the  other  to  Thomas  Buchanan 
of  Boquhan.  Carbeth  was  secondly  married  to 
Margaret  Steven,  heiress  of  Easter  Cattar  and 
FiDnicktenant :  by  her  he  had  two  sons,  John,  his 
successor,  and  Moses  of  Gljrns ;  also  one  daugh- 
ter, married  to  Buchanan  of  Auchmar. 

JoHK,  third  of  that  name  of  Carbeth,  succeeded 
to  his  father.  He  married  Stirling  of  Kippenda^ 
vie^s  daughter,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons,  William 
his  heir,  and  Moses,  and  one  daughter  unmarried. 
William  Buchanan^  younger  of  Carbeth,  is^  mar- 
ried to  Eincaid  of  Auchinreoch^s  daughter,  by 
whom  he  hath  issue. 

The  first  cadet  of  tlie  family  of  Carbeth  is  Buch- 
anan in  Gartfarrand  in  Dry  men  parish,  whose  an- 
cestor seems  to  have  been  son  to  Thomas  first  of 
Carbeth,  having  obtained  a  beneficial  tack  from 
the  lord  Drummond,  then  proprietor  of  Gartfar- 
rands,  in  which,  and  other  parts  of  that  country, 
divers  of  that  race  continue  as^yet. 

The  second  cadet  of  the  family  of  Carbeth  is 
Buchanan  of  Easter  Ballat,  his  ancestor  being 
John,  second  son  to  Thomas  first  of  Carbeth. 
And  although  Thomas,  eldest  son  to  this  John, 
fell  into  the  interest  of  Carbeth,  and  left  his  bro- 
ths William  in  possession  of  Ballat,  yet  it  seems 

896  ACoonvT  of  thb 

he  Hd  not  quit  the  benefit  of  the  tack  of  Ballat 
to  Us  brother,  tiU  the  aame  was  sold  off  by  llionuis, 
successor  to  the  above  Thonias,  to  Walter  Buch- 
anan, son  to  the  said  William.  I  find  this  Wil- 
liam, who  may  be  accounted  ancestor  of  the  pre- 
sent family  of  Ballat,  mentioned  in  a  discharge 
for  five  hundred  merks  Scots,  by  Semple  of  Craig- 
bat  to  Buchanan  of  Arupryor,  for  which  it  seems 
this  William  was  cautioner,  the  date  of  which  dis- 
charge was  in  the  year  1576.  That  which  clears 
the  conveyance  of  the  tack  of  Ballat  by  Carbeth, 
is  a  submission  betwixt  Thomas,  Buchanan  of 
Carbeth  and  Walter  Buchanan  in  Easter  JBallat, 
who  refm*  any  difference  betwixt  them  in  relation 
to  Ballat  to  the  determination  of  John  Buchanan 
in  Ballacondachy,  John  MacLauchlan  of  Auchin- 
tRUg,  and  Duncan  Buchanan  of  Braobem,  upon 
Carbeth's  part;  and  William  Buchanap  in  Batur- 
rich,  und  John  Buchanan,  burgess  in  Dunbarton, 
his  brother,  with  Andrew  Galbraith  in  Tomdar- 
roch,  upon  Walter  in  Ballars  part ;  with  Thomas 
Buchanan  of  Drumikill,  oversman.  These  j udges 
decerned  the  said  Walter  to  pay  four  hundred 
merks  Scots  to  Carbeth  for  his  preten»on  to  Bal- 
lat, and  decerned  Carbeth  to  maintain  Walter^s 
potsesnon  of  these  lands,  and  warrant  him  at  the 
hands  of  his  brethjren,  and  all  others.  This  sub- 
mission is  dated  in  the  year  1594,  and  decreet  was 
past  thereon  in  January,  1595,  there  being  a  great 
many  other  persons  <^  repute  present,  besides  par- 
ties, who  all  were  obliged  to  sign  by  a  notar.  For 
any  thing  I  can  find,  this  Walter  had  two  sons, 
William,  who  succeeded  in  Ballat,  and  Duncan, 


who  acquired  the  Diicbless.  William  aho  had 
two  sons,  William  his  successor,  and  John,  mer- 
chant in  Stirling;  William,  third  of  that  name  of 
Bailat,  had  three  sons,  John,  Walter,  and  Alex* 
ander.  John  of  Ballat  had  four  sons,  William  his 
successor,  Walter,  now  in  Ballat,  John  and  Pa- 
trick,  merchants  in  Glasgow.  William  late  of 
Ballaf  s  successor  is  John,  present  Ballat. 

Of  Duncan,  the  first  cadet  of  Ballat,  is  deseend* 
ed  Buchanan  of  DucKless,  Buchanan,  laldy  of 
Mid-Cashlie,  Buchanan  in  Little  Eep,  with  difnefB 
others.  John  Buchanan,  merchant  in  Stirling^ 
was  father  to  Mr.  John  Buchanan,  present  mniift* 
ter  of  the  gospel  in  Covintoun  in  the  shire  of 
Lanerk,  who  hath  two  sons,  Mr.  John»  a  proba*> 
tioner,  and  Mr.  George,  student  of  theology  ia 
Glasgow.  Alexander  and  Walter,  sons  to  Wil* 
Ham  Buchanan  in  Ballat,  had  male  issue ;  as  hath 
also  Patrick  Buchanan,  merchant  in  Glasgow,  be* 
ing  uncle  to  the  present  Ballat ;  John  hia  uncle 
hath  no  issue,  nor  Walter  his  other  uncle  any  Bude 

The  third  cadet  of  the  family  of  Carbeth  was 
John,  first  son  of  the  second  marriage  to  Thomas^ 
third  of  that  name,  of  Carbeth..  This  John  ob» 
tained  the  tack  of  Gartincaber.  He  had  two  sons, 
George  and  Walter,  and  two  daughters,  the  eldcat 
married  to  William  Buchanan,  first  of  Boss,  the 
other  to  one  MacAuslan.  George  had  four  sons^ 
the  eldest  John,  for  whom  his  father  acquired  the 
lands  of  Blairluisk.  John  had  two  sons»  Georgev 
who  went  to  Ireland »  and  William.  €reorge  sold 
Blairluisk  to  bis  brother  Williami  now  of  Blairliuisky 

240  ACCOUNT  or  thk 

who  bath  two  sons,  George,  younger  of  Blairluisk, 
and  John,  merchant  in  England.  George,  who 
sold  Bliurluisk,  hath  four  sons,  John  and  Williamj 
who  reside  in  the  county  of  Tyrone,  George,  who 
resides  in  Munster,  and  Thomas,  in  the  county  of 
Don^all.  John  first  of  Gartincaber^s  second  son 
was  Walter,  who  had  no  male  issue.  John  had 
an  illegitimate  son,  Thomas,  who  went  tbireland, 
and  had  one  son,  John,  whose  only  son,  George, 
in  Glenmaqueen,  had  four  sons,  John,  William, 
Matthew,  and  George,  whet  reside  mostly  in  the 
counties  of  Derry  and  Donegal!.  George  of 
Gartincaber'^s  second  son,  George,  was  father  to 
Thomas  Buchanan  in  Creitchael,  in  Buchanan  pa- 
rish. He  had  another  son,  Andrew,  father  to 
George  and  Patrick  Buchanan  in  Ledrtsh,  in  Buch- 
anan parish.  George^s  third  son  was  Thomas, 
who  purchased  in  heritage  a  part  of  Grartincaber. 
He  had  two  sons,  William,  who  acquired  Ardoch 
in  Salmaronock  parish,  and  George,  late  of  Gar* 
tincaber,  who  left  four  sons,  John,  now  of  Gar- 
tincaber,  Thomas,  merchant  in  England,  Dugal 
and  Robert.  George^s  fourth  son  was  Andrew, 
who  had  three  sons,  two  of  these  having  gone 
to  Ireland,  and  one  residing  in  Drymen  parish. 
George  had  also  a  daughter  married  to  Andrew 
Buchanan  of  Gartachaim. 

Thomas  of  Carbeth's  second  son  of  the  second 
marriage  was  Walter,  who  obtained  a  tack  of  Bal- 
lendeom  in  Buchanan  parish.  He  had  one  son, 
John,  whoj  from  his  low  stature,  was  termed  John 
Beg,  or  little  John.  His  posterity  reside  in  the 
parishes  of  Batfron  and  Drymen.     The  third  son 


of  that  iB»rriage  was  William,  who  obtained  a 
tack  of  Blairnabord  in  the  parish  of  Drymen ;  bis 
progeny  reside  mostly  in  Blairnabord  as  yet,  as 
also  in  other  parts  of  the  parishes  of  Drymen  and 
Buchanan.  There  is  also  one  Archibald,  a  great 
grandchild  of  the  said  William,  residing  in  good 
circumstances  in  Virginia ;  and  there  is  a  brother 
of  his  in  the  Dutch  service.  The  fourth  of  these 
sons  was  Archibald,  who.  had  one  son,  Johi;i,  a 
writer  in  Edinburgh,  whose  posterity,  for  any 
thing  I  can  discover,  reside  in  Mid-Calder.  The 
fifth  son  was  Bobert,  who  had  only  one  illegiti- 
mate son,  ancestor  to  some  Buchanans  for  some . 
time  in  Sallochy,  now  in  other  parts  of  Buchanan 

The  next  cadet  to  these  mentioned  of  the  fami- 
ly of  Carbeth,  is  Walter  Buchanan,  first  of  Bo- 
quhan,  of  the  time  and  manner  of  whose  descent 
off  that  of  Carbeth  I  am  not  well  assured.  I  find 
him  obtain  a  charter  from  Sir  John  Buchanan  of 
that  ilk,  of  the  lands  of  Meikle  Boquhan,  being 
designed  Walter  Buchanan  in  Drumquhassil.  The 
said  charter  is  dated  in  the  year  16S{3.  He  had  two 
sons,  Thomas  of  Boquhan,  and  John,  who  purchas- 
ed Sheneglish  in  Kilmaronock  paroch.  Thomas 
of  Boquhan  had  one  son  who  left  issue,  being 
Walter,  who  married  Lennox  of  Branshogle's 
daughter,  by  whom  he  had  one  son,  Thomas,  who 
hath  three  sons,  Walter,  John,  and  George.  James 
and  William  Lennox  dying  without  issue,  the  in- 
terest of  Branshogle  fell  to  Thomas  of  BoquhanV 
eldest  son,  Walter,  now  in  possession  thereof.  John 
of  Sheneglish  bad  four  sons,  Walter,  who  had  one 


80X1,  Walter,  now  of  Sheneglish,  Oeorge^  who 
purchased  Ledrishniore,  leaving  one  son,  WiUiasi, 
now  of  Ledrisbmore :  John's  third  son  was  James, 
who  acquired  Middle  Catter :  his  fourth  son  was 
Johni  in  Little  TuUicfaewn. 

The  next  cadet  of  the  said  family  is  Walter, 
second  son  to  Thomas,  sixth  or  last  of  that  name 
of  Carbeth.  He  had  one  son,  James  Buchanan, 
portioner  of  Caimock  in  Dunda£P. 

The  next  cadet  to  this  Walter  is  Moses  Buch- 
anan of  Glyns,  brother  to  the  late  John  Buchanan 
of  Carbeth.  He  left  only  one  daughter,  married 
to  Denniestoun  of  Colgrain. 

The  last  cadet  is  Moses  Buchanan  of  Glyns, 
brother  to  the  present  Buchanan  of  Carbeth,  who 
is  married  to  a  daughter  of  Mr.  Archibald  Grovean 
of  Drumquhassil,  by  whom  he  hath  issue. 

Buchanan  of  Carbeth  bears  Buchanan ;  and  for 
distinction,  a  dagger  in  the  lion^s  dexter  paw, 
pointed  upward,  or  towards  the  chief,  proper.  Fcnr 
crest,  a  helmet  suiting  his  station,  Motto,  Audada 
et  Industrta. 





THIS  family  of  Lenky  is  descended  from  the 
most  ancient  cadet  which  came  off  the  family  of 
Bactianan ;  and  although  by  that  means  the  most 
remote  from  the  principal  family,  is  nevertheless 
preferaUe  to  some  other  cadets  of  later  extract,  in 
regard  that  Lenny  descended  at  two  different 
times  of  Buchanan,  of  which  the  first  being  son  to 
Buchanan,  married  the  heiress  of  Lenny,  as  did 
the  laird  of  Buchanan  a  second  heiress ;  as  also  in 
regard  Buchanan,  now  of  Lenny,  represents  the 
old  family  of  Lenny  of  that  ilk,  which  is  reported 
to  have  been  a  family  of  good  repute,  as  far  as 
tradition  may  be  relied  on.  But  there  are  as  few 
documents  relating  to,  as  there  are  men  of,  that 
old  family  extant  in  this  age,  to  clear  this,  or  any 
other  matter  concerning  the  same.  I  have  per- 
used a  genealogical  manuscript  of  that  family  in 
the  laird  of  Lenny's  hands,  which  asserts,  that  the 


Lennys,  while  owners  of  that  esfate,  had  no  char- 
ters of  the  same,  but  a*  large  sword,  with  which^  it 
seems,  he  who  first  of  that  nam^  acquired  these 
lands  had  performed  somb  signal  achievement,  be- 
ing a  means  of  his  first  advancement.     This,  and 
a  relic,  being  one  of  St.  Fillan'^s  teeth,  were  held 
in  such  veneration,  that  whoever  had  those jtwo  in 
possession,  presumed  he  had  a  very  good  right  to 
that  estate.     A  tenure  much  like  to  that  which  is 
recorded  of  the  estate  of  Arundel  in  England,  that 
in  old  times,  whoever,  by  whatsoever  means,  ob- 
tained possession  of  Arundel  castle,  was  instantly 
acknowledged  to  have  a  sufficient  title  to  that  es- 
tate.    Nor  was  this  case  of  Lenny  any  way  singu- 
lar ;    a  great  many  others  in  these  more  ancient 
times  being  circumstantiate  after  the  same  manner, 
as  judging  it  a  derogation  to  solicit  for,  or  in  the 
least  rely  upon,  written  evidents  for  security  of  the 
possession  of  their  estates,  and  far  more  honoura- 
ble, and  suitable  to  their  inclinations,  to  maintain 
their  possession  by  their  sword,  by  whatever  means 
acquired.      As  this*  symbolical  charter  of  St.  Fil- 
lan'^s  tooth  was  a  relic  much  esteemed  by  the  an- 
,cient  lairds  of  Lenny;    so  another  relic  of  the 
same  saint,  being  one  of  his  hands  embalmed,  was^. 
no  less  valued  by  some  of  our  Scottish  kings,  in 
those  times  of  ignorance  and  superstition ;  it  beings 
recorded  of  this  last  by  some  of  our  historians, 
that  the  night  before  the  battle  of  Bannockbum, 
the  Scottish  nobles  and  principal  officers  having  a 
conference  with  king  Robert  Bruce  concerning  the 
manner  of  ordering  the  battle  next  day,  and  being 
solicitous  of  the  event,  in  regard  of  the  greatness^ 


of  the-  Boglish  army,  being  more  than  quadruple, 
the  number  of  theirs,  suddenly  a  silver  box,  which 
was  in^  a  coffer  in  the  tent,  gave  a  very  great  clink ; 
whereupon  the  king's  chaplain  ran  to  the  box,  and 
finding  St  Fillan^s  hand  therein,  being  ordinarily 
kept  in  that  box,  however,  cried  there  was  a  great 
miracle  wrought,  in  regard  he  had  left  the  hand  in 
the  king'^s  palace  in  Dunfermline,  having  taken  only 
with  him  the  iempty  box,  lest  that  precious  relic 
should  by  some  misadventure  be  lost,  and  that  at 
that  instant  the  hand  had  miraculously  of  its  own 
accord  come,  and  inclosed  itself  in  the  box,  which, 
in  his  opinion,  presaged  good  success  to  king  Ro- 
bert and  his  army  in  the  ensuing  battle.  This 
miracle,  though  invented  by  the  ready  wit  of  the 
chaplain,  being  divulged  through  the  army,  added 
no  less  courage  than  hope  to  them  of  the  prosper- 
ous evient  of  the  approaching  engagement. 

The  first  son  of  the  laird  of  Buchanan  I  find 
upon  record,  who  married  the  heiress  of  Lenny, 
was  Allan,  second  son  to  Gilbert,  laird  of  Buchan- 
an, in  the  reign  of  king  Alexander  III.  There  is 
no  charter,  or  other  document  in  Lenny^s  hands, 
that  any  manner  does  testify  this  first  marriage ; 
any  discovery  I  obtained  thereof,  being  collected 
from  an  ancient  manuscript  register  of  the  earl  of 
Lennox'^s,  and  his  vassal's  charters,  among  the  re- 
cords of  Dunbartonshire,  in  which  I  found  a  char- 
ter by  Malcolm,_earl  of  Lennox,  upon  resignation 
of  Allan  of  Lenny,  in  the  earl's  hands  of  the  lands 
of  Drumquhassil,  in  favour  of  John,  son  to  the  said 
Allfm,  for  payment  of  four  pennies  of  blench-duty 
if  demanded.  This  charter  (as  do  divers  other  old 

246  ACCouKT  OF  rws 

ones)  wants  date,  but  by  a  subsequent  charter  is^ 
found  to  be  in  the  reign  of  king  Alexander  III., 
as  appears  by  a  charter  by  Gilmichael  M*Edolf  of 
Wester  Cameron,  termed  therein  Cameron  Tim- 
pane,  to  Malcolm  M*Edolf^  his  son,  of  the  lands  of 
Garlafchorrans,  dated  in  the  year  1247,  in  which 
charter  Allan  is  one  of  the  witnesses,  by  designation 
of  Allan  Buchanan  de  Lenny.  Drumquhassil  seems 
to  have  been  the  patrimonial  estate  got  by  this  Al- 
lan, at  the  time  he  came  off  the  family  of  Buchan- 
an, or  from  his  father,  at  the  time- of  his  marriage 
with  the  heiress  of  Lenny. 

Allan's  successor,  as  is  evident  by  the  above 
charter,  was  called  John,  whose  successor  was  nam- 
ed Walter,  as  seems  to  appear  by  letters  of  i^bm- 
promise,  or  pacification  betwixt  Maurice  and  John 
Drummond,  and  Alexander  Monteath  and  others 
of  that  name,' for  the  slaughter  of  William,  John 
and  James  Monteaths,  brethren  to  the  said  Alex- 
ander by  these  Drummonds.  Among  others  whom: 
the  Monteaths  include  of  their  friends,  in  the  said 
letters,  is  mentioned  Walter  Buchanan,  their  uncle, 
who  behoved  to  be  either  laird  df  Buchanan  or 
Lenny,  in  regard  there  were  not  any  other  families 
of  note,  of  the  families  of  Buchanan  extant  in  that 
age,  except  those  of  Buchanan  and  Lenny.  But 
the  traditional  account  most  generally  asserted,,  is, 
that  the  said  John'^s  son  was  called  also  John,  who 
had  a  son,  his  successor  of  the  same  name;  which 
last  John,  having  no  male  issue,  Janet,  his  daughter 
and  heiress,  was  married  to  John,  the  second  of 
that  name,  laird  of  Buchanan,  as  testifies  a  charter 
in  the  public  archives  by  king  Robert  IIL,  in  fa- 


vour  of  John  de  Buchanan,  and  Janet  de  Lenny, 
his  spouse,  of  the  barony  of  Pitwhoiiidy,  dated  in 
the  year  1393.     These  lands  of  Pitwhonidy,  seem 
to  have  been  a  part  of  Buchanan^s  old  estate,  in  re-* 
gard  there  is  no  evident  relating  thereto,  extant 
before  this  one  granted  in  favour  of  Buchanan,  nor 
is  there  is  so  much  as  any  traditional  accoxint,  of 
any  lands  belonging  to  the  old  family  of  Lenny, 
except  those  of  that  name  in  Perthshire,  and  a  part 
of  those  so  designed  in  Mid-Lothian.     I  was  for 
some  time  surprised  at  Lenny^s  retaining  the  name 
of  Buchanan,  and  not  rather  having  assumed  the 
surname  and  arms  of  Lenny ;  but  observe  the  rea^ 
son  to  be  very  plain,  that  the  laird  of  Buchanan, 
having  married  the  second  heiress  of  Lenny,  would 
not  upon  that  account,  change  his  surname  ;  and 
John,. his  third  son,  who  succeeded  to  that  estate, 
being  always  termed  Buchanan  during  his  father's 
Itfetirae,  neglected  to  assume  that  of  Lenny,^s  did 
his  successors  in  all  time  thereafter,  partly  moved 
thereto  as  is  reported,  by  some  disobligation  put 
upon  them  by  the  survivors  of  the  name- of  Lenny. 
By  the  death  of  John,  laird  of  Buchanan^s  eldest 
son  at  the  battle  of  Vernoil,  and  in  consequence 
thereof,  by  Walter,  the  second  song's  succeeding  to 
the  estate  of  Buchanan,  the  estate  of  Lenny  was 
conveyed  in  favour  of  John,  the  third  son,  ordin- 
arily designed  John  of  Ballacondachy,  being  a 
farm  room  in  the  barony  of  Buchanan,  given  by 
his  father  to  him  for  patrimony,  before  the  estate 
of  Lenny  was  conveyed  in  his  favour.     Though 
this  John  of  Ballacondachy  continued  the  line  of 
present  lairds  and  family  of  Lenny,  and  as  such 


is  mentioned  in  the  genealogical  tree  of  the  family 
of  Buchanan,  yet  neither  by  this,  nor  any  other 
evident  in  Lenny^s  hands,  can  there  be  an  account 
obtained  of  this  John's  marriage,  nor  whether  at 
Allan  Buchanan,  his  first  son'^s  marriage  with  the 
heiress  of  Lenny,  or  at  Buchanan's  marriage  with 
,    the  second  heiress  of  the  same,  Keir  married  the 
coheiress,  and  with  her  obtained  the  half  of  the 
estate ;  that  marriage  of  Keir  by  the  traditional 
account,  and  with  much  more  probability,  seeming 
to  have  been  at  the  first  of  these  two  junctures. 
Neither  is  it  evident  by  any  document  I  could  find 
in  Lenny's  hands,  by  what  means  Keir  obtained 
the  superiority  of  Lenny'^s  half  of  that  estate,  in 
regard  of  his  being  married  (as  is  generally  report- 
ed) to  the  younger  of  the  sisters,  or  cbheiresses. 
AU  that  is  offered  for  clearing  of  this  point,  heiiig 
a  traditional  narration^  that  Walter*  laird  of  Lenny, 
in  the  beginning  of  the  reign  pf  king  James  IV., 
had  committed  some  frivolous  crime,  which  Was 
construed  in  these  times  to  be  a  kind  of  sacrilege, 
for  which  being  cited  before  the  next  ecclesiastical 
judge,  he  disobeyed  all  citations  given  upon  that 
account,  till  in  the  end,  being  excommunicated  for 
his  contumacy,  he  was  thereafter  delated  to  the  ci« 
vil  magistrate ;  but  giving  as  little  obedience  to  the 
one,  as  to  the  other,  he  was  prosecuted  with  the 
utmost  rigour,  being  not  only  denounced  rebel, but, 
as  is  reported,  also  forfeited,  the  gift  of  which,  or 
more  probably,  of  Lenny's  life-rent  escheat,  was 
purchased  by  Keir,  who  reaped  no  advantage  there- 
by, Lenny  retaining  possession  of  his  estate  by 
%rce,  till  in  the  end,  one  Shaw  of  Camsmore,  an  in- 


timate  comrade  of  Lenny^s,  was  influenced  (as  the 
story  goes)  by  Keir  either  to  apprehend,  or  kill 
Lenny.  Shaw,  judging  the  first  somewhat  impracti- 
cable, resolved  upon  the  last  method,  which  he  per« 
formed  while  at  the  hunting  with  Lenny,  by  stabbing 
him  behind  his  back  and  killing  him.  After  which 
Keir  obtained  possession  of  Lenny's  estate,  which 
he  did  not  enjoy  long.  For  Shaw,  meeting  Lenny^i^ 
lady  and  children  upon  a  time,  in  a  very  mean  con- 
dition, and  the  lady  upbraiding  him  with  her  hu»- 
band^s  murder,  he  was  possessed  with  such  horror 
of  the  fact,  and  detestation  of  Keir,  his  influencer, 
as  put  him  upon  the  resolution  of  expiating  Len- 
ny's murder  by  that  of  Keir,  which  he  accordingly 
performed  by  killing  of  Keir,  as  he  met  him  occa- 
sionally near  Stirling.  After  which  Keir's  and 
Lenny's  successors  adjusted  the  matter  so,  that 
upon  Lenny's  holding  his  estate  of  Keir,  he  should 
pass  from  any  other  demand  he  had  upon  the  sajne, 
which  being  then  agreed  to,  continues  so  to  this 

John,  first  laird  of  Lenny,  of  the  second  line,, 
and  ancestor  to  the  present  Lenny,  was  succeeded 
by  Andrew,  his  son,  as  appears  by  *  charter  by 
James  IL,  in  the  year  1458,  in  favour  of  the  said 
Andrew  Buchanan  of  Lenny,  of  the  barony  of  Pitr 
whonidy,  with  the  lands  of  Culenchard  and  Le- 
dunchard  in  life-rent,  and  to  John  Buchanan,  his 
son  in  fee,  and  to  their  heirs-male ;  which  failing,  to 
Walter  Patrick  Buchanan  of  that  ilk,  his  other  son, 
and  his  heirs-male;  which  failing,  to  Archibald, 

*  Charta  penes  Buchanan  de  Lenny. 


Walter,  George  and  Gilbert,  Lenny's  other  sond^ 
olid  their  heir&-niale;  which  failing,  to  Lenny^s 
other  heirs  whatsoever:  a  very  strange  kind  of  a 
tttlzie  $  Buchanan,  and  two  of  his  sons,  though  he 
and  Lenny  were  but  cousin-germans,  being  pre- 
ferred in  that  charter  of  tailzie  to  four  of  Lenny's 
stm^f  and  his  brother,  if  these  last  mentioned  were 
legitimate.  At  what  time  these  lands  contained  in 
the  above  charter  went  off  from  that  family,  cannot 
be  determined,  neither  is  there  any  necessity  of  in- 
serting any  more  of  the  charters  of  that  family,  some 
of  the  immediate  successors  of  Andrew  last  men- 
tioned, not  being  entered ;  so  that  any  charters 
which  are  extant  of  some  of  the  latter  lairds,  are  so 
very  late  as  there  is  not  the  least  occasion  of  men- 
tioning them.  I  shall  therefore  give  account  of 
the  laird's  marriages,  and  of  the  cadets  of  that  fa- 
mily, as  mentioned  in  a  manuscript  collected  from 
the  charters,  and  other  documents  in  the  hands  of 
Lenny,  with  a  genealogical  tree  of  his  family,  com- 
posed from  that  manuscript,  it  being  asserted  by 
both,  that  Andrew,  second  laird  of  Lenny,  was 
married  to  a  daughter  of  Lockhart  of  Barr,  by 
whom  he  had  John,  his  successor.  -He  had  also 
other  four  sons,  Archibald,  Walter,  George  and 

John,  third  laird  of  Lenny,  was  married  to 
Mushet  of  Burnbank's  daughter,  and  had  by  her 
Patrick,  his  successor;  which  Patrick,  married 
Semple  of  Fulwood's  daughter,  by  whom  he  had 
Walter,  his  successor,  who  was  killed  by  Shaw  of 
Camsmore.  He  marriefl  a  daughter  of  Haldan, 
laird  of  Glenegeis,by  whom  he  had  John,  his  sue- 

FAMILY  OF  LEK19r.  251 

cessor,  wbo  married  the  earl  of  Monteath'a  daughter. 
This  John,  in  compan j  with  Patrick,  second  of 
that  name,  laird  of  Buchanan,  with  a  good  many 
others  of  best  account  of  his  name,  was  killed  at  the 
battle  of  Flowdon,  anno  1513. 

To  John,  succeeded  Robert,  who  was  first  mar- 
ried to  Graham  of  Inchbrachie^s  daughter,  relict  of 
the  laird  of  Ardkinglass.  He  had  for  second  ladj, 
Mushet  of  Burnbank's  daughter. 

Robert,  first  of  that  name,  laird  g£  Lenny,  was 
succeeded  by  Robert,  the  second  of  that  name,  who 
was  married  to  Stirling  of  Ardoch's  daughter,  by 
whom  he  had  Robert,  his  successor,  and  John,  hk 
second  son,  grandfather  to  the  present  Lenny. 

Robert,  third  of  that  name,  laird  of  Lenny,  was 
married  to  a  daughter  of  Campbel  of  Lawers,  by 
whom  he  had  one  son,  Robert,  who  died  unmarried, 
and  one  daughter,  married  to  captain  Archibald 
Campbel,  son  to  the  laird  of  Dunstafnage,  being 
mother  to  doctor  John  Campbel  df  Torry. 

Robert,  the  second  of  that  name,  had  also  another 
daughter,  who  was  married  to  Mr.  Donald  Camp- 
bel, a  son  of  the  above-mentioned  family,  who  had 
nine  daughters,  the  eldest  of  which  was  married  to 
baron  MCorcade],  the  second  to  M'Dugal  of  Oal- 
lanaofa,  the  third  to  M'Lachlan  of  Kilchoan,  the 
fourth  to  M'Lean  of  Shouna,  the  fifth  to  Campbel 
of  Inchdrenic^,  the  sixth  to  Campbelof  Fasnadmcfa, 
the  seventh  to  Campbel  of  Fincrocan,  the  eighth 
to  Reid  of  Achaorran,  the  ninth  to  Campbel  of 

Robert,  lastof  that  name,  laird  of  Lenny,  dying 
without  issue,  he  was  succeeded  by  John  Bnchaiw 


an,  hb  courin-german,  son  to  John  Buchanan,  se- 
cond son  to  Robert,  second  of  that  name,  laird  of 
Lei^ny,  his  mother  being  Stirling  of  Ardoch'^s 
daughter.  John,  laird  of  Lenny«  last  mentioned, 
married  the  laird  of  M'Pharlan's  daughter,  by 
whom  he  had  two  sons,  John,  his  eldest  son,  mar- 
ried Lennox  of  Woodhead^s  daughter,  and  died 
without  issue*  His  second  son  was  Henry,  who 
upon  bis  broth^r^s  death  succeeded  to  the  estate  of 
Lenny.  He  was  first  married  to  a  second  daughter 
of  Buchanan  of  that  ilk.  He  married  secondly  a 
daughter  of  Campbel  of  Lawers,  having  by  both  a 
numerous  issue. 

The  first  cadet  of  the  family  of  Lenny,  according 
to  the  genealogical  manuscript  of  that  family,  was 
Walter,  third  son  to  Andrew,  laird  of  Lenny. 
This  Walter  obtained  a  beneficial  tack  of  Mochas- 
tel  in  Callander  paroch,  from  Balfour,  lord  Bur- 
leigh's ancestor,  then  proprietor  thereof.  Walter^s 
son  was  called  Andrew,  whose  son  Patrick^  had  one 
son,  Alexander. 

This  Alexander  bad  two  sons,  John  his  eldest, 
and  Walter,  who  pbtained  from  his  father  the  wad- 
set or  feu^ight  of  the  lands  of  Glenny  in  Mon- 
teath,  his  eldest  brother,  John,  having  preferred 
the  tack  of  Mochastel  to  the  heritage  of  Glenny, 
possessed  the  same,  allowing  his  brother  that  of 
Glenny.  The  last  of  that  race  who  possessed  the 
same,  was  captain  James  Buchanan,  grandchild  to 
the  above  Walter,  who  lived  a  good  part  of  his 
time,  and  died  a  captain  in  Douglasses  regiment  in 
France, .  being  never  married,  he  sold  his  interest 
of  iGlenny  to  Walter  Graham  of  Gartmor's  family.- 


Captain  James  had  an  uncle  called  Alexander,  who 
obtained  from'Cuningham  of  Drumquhassil,  a  bene- 
ficial tack  of  the  lands  of  Gartachairn  in  Drymen 

This  Alexander  had  two  sons,  Andrew,  who  feu- 
ed  Gartachairn  from  my  lord  Napier,  then  proprie- 
tor thereof,  and  George.  Andrew  of  Gartachairn 
had  two  sons,  Alexander  his^uccessor,  and  George, 
late  bailie  in  Glasgbw,  Alexander  of  Gartachairn 
had  three  sons, .  George,  now  of-  Gartachairn, 
Thomas  Buchanan,  maltman  in  Glasgow,  and 
Andrew,  tailor  in  the  said  town.  Bailie  George 
had  four  sons,  George,  his  eldest  son, -maltman, 
AndreW}  Neil,  and  Archibald,  merchants  in  Glas- 

George,  second  son  to  Alexander,  first  in  Gar- 
tachairn, had  three  sons,  John,  who  went  abroad, 
Alexander,  and  William,  residing  in  Edinburgh. 

John  in  Mochastel,  had  two  sons,  Robert,  his 
eldest,  and  Archibald,  ancestor  to  Buchanan  of 
Tony,  Robert  had  one  son,  Walter,  who  had  two 
sons,  John,  and  Arthur.  John,  the  eldest,  sold  his 
tack  of  Mochastel,  and  acquired  afterwards  the 
iands  of  Arnpryor,  Straithyre,  and  a  part  of  the 
lands  of  Buchanan.  He  had  one  son,  Mr.  Robert, 
who  had  also  one  son,  Francis  Buchanan,  present 

Walter  in  MochasteFs  second  son,  Arthur,  puip- 
chased  the  lands  of  Auehlessy.  He  had  six  sons 
that  came  to  age,  the  eldest,  John,  whp  went  abroad; 
the  second,  James,  now  of  Auehlessy ;  the  third, 
Walter,  now  Caornach ;  the  fourth,  Robert,  who 
left  one  son,  James,  maltman  in  Dumblain ;  th^ 


fifth,  George,  who  left  no  issue ;  the  sixth,  Alex- 
ander of  DuUaters  residing  at  present  in  his  ances- 
tor's old  possession,  Mochastel. 

John,  first  of  that  name,  in  Mochastel's  second 
son,  Archibald,  had  two  sons,  John  of  Torry,  and 
Robert,  who  was  killed  by  the  English,  and  left  one 
son,  Archibald.  John  of  Torry  had  two  sons, 
Archibald  of  Torry,  and  Robert.  Archibald  of 
Torry  had  three  sons,  John,  present  Torry ;  Archi- 
bald, who  left  no  issue ;  and  Andrew  who  had 
one  son,  James.  John  of  Torry^s  second  son,  Ro- 
bert, had  five  sons  that  came  to  age,  the  eldest 
whereof,  is  John  of  Greathil,  in  St.  Ninian  paroch. 
His  other  sons  were  Archibald,  Charles,  Alexan- 
der, and  Duncan.  There  are  also  of  the  family  of 
Mochastel,  some  of  the  Buchanans  residing  in 
Straithyre,  with  others  in  the  parishes  of  Calender 
and  Kilmadock. 

The  second  cadet  of  Lenny^s  family,  was  John 
Moir,  or  meikle  John,  ancestor  to  doctor  John 
Buchanan,  who  left  no  issue,  and  to  John  Buchanan 
in  Toddlebum,  with  divers  others  about  Dumblain, 
and  Straithallan. 

The  third  cadet  of  Lenny^s  family  is  Sir  John 
of  Sootscraig,  second  son  to  Robert,  first  of  that 
name,  laird  of  Lenny.  His  estate  of  Scotscraig 
went  with  a  daughter  of  his,  to  a  son  of  the  earl  oi 
Marr,  and  since  has  been  conveyed  to  divers  others. 

The  same  Robert  had  a  third  aon,  James>  mer- 
chant in  Edinburgh,  who  purchased  the  estate  ol 
Shirrahal  in  Orkney.  He  had  one  son,  Thomas, 
who  sold  Shirrahal,  and  bad  three  sons,  Arthur 
for  whom  he  purchased  the  estate  of  Sound;  John, 
V  whom  he  acquired  the  estate  of  Sandade;  and 


William,  to  whom  he  left  the  estate  of  Russland ; 
all  whose  progeny  is  extinct,  except  one  daughter, 
left  by  Thomas,  late  of  Sandside,  being  heiress  of 
that  estate. 

By  any  account  I  could  obtain  from  the  two  sons 
of  Robert,  second  of  that  name,  laird  of  Lenny,  are 
descended  the  greatest  part  of  these  Buchanans,  re- 
siding in  the  parishes  of  Campsy  and  Bathernock. 
One  of  these  two  sons,  whose  name  was  John, 
having  first  settled  in  Bancleroch,  now  Kirktoun  in 
Campsy  parish,  and  haying  gone  thence  to  Bankier, 
had  three  sons, .  whereof  the  eldest  Wjos  Gilbert, 
whose  posterity  continue  in  and  near  Bankier,  his 
second  son,  was  William,  who  came  to  Blairsketh 
in  BathernocL  This  William  had  a  son  of  the 
same  name,  father  to  William  Buchanan,  merchant 
in^lasgow,  and  Gilbert  Buchanan  of  Bankel,  pre- 
sent dean  of  guild  in  Glasgow. 

There  is  also  descended  off  this  family,  Walter 
Buchanan,  late  of  Orchard,  who  dying  without 
hrirs-male,  his  interest  devolved  upon  his  eldest 
daughter,  and  was  conveyed  by  her,  to  William 
Atkin,  merchant  in  Glasgow,  her  husband,  and  now 
proprietor  thereof.  Orchard  had  another  daughter, 
married  to  Andrew  Gray  of  Christoun,  near  Glas- 
gow '9  another  to  Robert  Alexander,  merchant,  and 
late  bailie  in* Glasgow;  and  another,  unmarried. 

There  are  cadets  of  Lenny^s  family  of  a  late  ex- 
tract, called  Alexander  Boye's  progeny,  being  only 
a  small  number  of  the  vulgar  sort,  residing  for  the 
most  part  in  Callender  parish. 

The  above-mentioned  being  all  the  cadets^  ac- 
cording to  the  manuscript  frequently  spoken  of, 


or  any  other  documents  I  could  obtain,  descended 
off  the  family  of  Lenny,  who  retain  the  surname 
of  Buchanan,  I  shall  in  the  next  place  mention 
those  of  other  denominations  descended  of  the 

The  first,  and  most  considerable  of  this  last  sort, 
are  theMacwatties.  The  ancestor  of  these  was  Wal- 
ter, son  to  John,  second  of  that  name,  laird  of 
Lenny.  This  Walter,  was  ordinarily  termed  Wat- 
tie  in  Callintuy,  being  the  name  of  the  place  of  his 
residence.  He  had  a  son  called  John,  who  came  to 
the  Lennox,  and  resided  in  the  parish  of  Luss. 
John,  according  to  the  ordinary  custom  of  those, 
and  even  of  the  present  times  among  the  High- 
landers, had  his  surname  changed  into  a  patronimi- 
cal  one,  derived  from  his  father^s  proper  name, 
being  thence  termed  John  Macwattie.  He  having 
nine  sons,  who  all  had  issue,  was  the  cause  of  that 
new  name^s  becoming  in  a  small  process  of  time 
pretty  numerous.  Some  families  of  thefse  Macwat- 
ties  after  the  conflict  of  Glenfroon,  having  left  the 
parish  of  Luss,  settled  in  the  parishes  of  Killearn 
and  Strablain  ;  these,  quitting  that  of  Macwattie, 
reassumed  their  right  surname  of  Buchanan,  and 
those  of  Lenny's  family  in  both  the  above  parishes, 
with  some  few  in  the  parish  of  Campsy  descended 
off  these'  Macwatties,  so  many  of  them  at  least,  as 
continued  in  the  parish  of  Luss,  and  other  Highland 
places,  retain  the  surname  of  Macwattie  yet,  the 
principal  person  of  these,  being  Alexander  Macwat- 
tie in  Glenmacoirn,  in  Luss  parish.  There  are 
some  bf  these  Macwatties  in  the  shire  of  Argyll^ 
-nd  in  the  county  of  Tyrone  in  Ireland. 

TAHlLt  or  LENNY.  257 

The  seoond  cadet  of  this  last  sort  descended  of 
the  ^uniljr  of  L^nny^  are  the  MacaldoDicfas>  deriving 
diat  surname  from  a  certain  person  d  Lennj^s  fas^ 
nulj  named  Muldonich»  being  an  ancient  Scottish 
christiaB,  name,  and  in  some  parts  of  the  Highlands. 
in  use  yet,  from  whose  name  his  progeny  obtained 
the  surname  of  Macmaldonichs^  or  contracted  as 
above,  and  most  ordinarily  expressed.     At  what 
time  the  ancestor  of  these  came  off  the  family  of 
Lenny,  cannot  be  well  determined ;  however,  they 
always  own  themselves  to  be  of  the  said  family,  and 
the  more  to  remove  any  scruple  thereanent,  have 
mostly  now,  as  did  some  of  their  friends  the  Mac- 
watties,  as  already  observed,  assumed  the  surname 
of  Buchanan.    So  that  the  old  surname  of  Macal* 
donich  will  in  a  short  time,  turn  into  desuetude. 

The  last  cadet  of  those  of  other  denominations^  . 
descended  off  the  family  of  Lenny,  was  the  ances-    . 
tor  of  those  termed  Macrobs,^  denominated,  from 
one  of  that  family  called  Robert,  by  contraction 
Rob,  whence  his  progeny  obtained  this  surname. 
The  number  and  character  of  these  are  very  incon-    . 
siderable,  they  residing  mostly  in  the  parishes  of 
Calender  and  Kilmadock,  as  do  the  Macaldonichs^ 
mostly  in  the  lower  parts  of  Straithem,  and  Straith- 
allap,  and  some  other  places  of  Perthshire.     And 
these  are  all  the  cadets  of  other  denominations  I 
could  discover  to  be  descended  off  the  family  of 

The  armorial  bearing  of  Buchanan  of  Lenny,  is 

Buchanan,  being  a  lion  rampant  sable,  armed,  and 

langued  gules,  urithin  a  double  tressure,  flowered 

and  counterflowered,  with  flower-de-luces  of  the 



second,  quartered  with  those  of  Lenny,  being  sable> 
a  cheveron,  betwixt  two  bear  heads  erazed  in  chief , 
and  a  boar  head  as  the  former  in  base,  argent ; 
muzzled  gules;  on  the  chief  pmnt  of  thecheveron, 
a  cinque  fcnl  of  the  first;  first  and  third,  Buchanan ; 
second  and  fourth,  Lenny.  Crest,  a  helmet  suiting 
his  quality.    Motto,  Nobilis  tat  Ira  Leanis^ 





THE  first  of  this  family  was  John^  third  son  to 
Gilbert,  laird  of  Buchanan,  who  first  assumed  the 
surname  of  Buchanan,  whose  eldest  son  was  Sir 
Maurice,  his  second  Allan,  first  of  Lenny,  and  the 
third  John,  first  of  Stainiflet,  who  is  inserted  wit- 
ness in  a  charter,  by  Malcolm,  earl  of  Lennox,  to 
Patrick  Lindsay,  of  the  lands  of  Bonneil.  He  is 
also,  with  John  Napier  of  Kilmahew,  Allan  of 
Faslane,  father  to  Walter  of  Faslane,  afterward 
lord  of  Lennox,  and  Maurice  Galbraith,  witness 
to  a  charter,  by  the  same  earl,  to  the  said  Patrick, 
of  his  being  tosheagor,  or  principal  fbrrester,  of 
Lennox.  *  And  though  these  charters  want  dates, 
yet,  by  comparing  them  with  those  having  dates, 

*  Chartulaiy  of  Duubartondiire. 


granted  to  some  of  these  witnesses  themselves,  and 
others  in  which  they  were  witnesses,  they  are  found 
to  be  in  the  latter  part  of  the  reign  of  king  Alex- 
ander III.      So  that  Gilbert,  being  the  very  first 
found  by  any  manner  of  record  to  have  assumed 
the  name  of  Buchanan,  and  he  having  flourished 
in  the  latter  part  of  the  reign  of  king  Alexander 
II.  and  a  good  part  of  the  reign  of  king  Alexan- 
der III.  in  which  last  the  above-mentioned  John 
is  inserted  witness  by  designation  of  Buchanan,  he 
cannot,  with  any  shadow  of  reason,  be  presumed 
any  other  than  son  to  the  said  Gilbert,  it  being 
clear  to  a  demonstration,  there  were  no  others  de- 
signed by  that  surname  at  that  time,  but  himself 
and  his  children ;  all  others  descended  before,  as 
the  MacAuselans,  MacMillans,  and  MacColmansy 
having  either  retained  the  ancient  surname,  or 
assumed  others,  in  use  at  this  present  time.     And 
as  it  is  fully  evident,  the  ancestor  of  this  family 
was  a  son  of  the  lurd  of  Buchanan,  by  the  con- 
tinued acquiescence  of  the  lairds  of  Buchanan^ 
although  there  were  no  other  evidence  to  that  pur- 
pose ;    so  hence  it  appears,  that  the  pretension  of 
AucHKEivsM^s  being  a  cadet  of  Lenny,  can  by  no 
means  be  admitted,  in  regard  Allan,  who  first 
married  the  heiress  of  Lenayy  and  the  above-men- 
tioned John  were  cotemporaries,  and  both  witnes- 
ses in  the  charter  mentioned,  and  some  others,  by 
designations  not  in  the  least  insinuating  any  thing 
as  the  latter^s  being  either  son  or  cadet  of  the  for- 
mer.    Auchneiven's  ancestor  seems  to  have  pos- 
sessed a  considerable  interest  in  Dunbartonshire^ 
being  not  only  proprietor  of  Stiuniflet,  Auchin- 


reoch,  and  some  other  moor  lands  near  the  town 
of  Dunbarton,  but  also  of  a  great  deal  of  ground 
next  adjacent  to  the  town  itself,  known  as  yet  by 
the  name  of  Buchanan's  Aikers ;  likewise  a  part 
of  the  ground  upon  which  many  of  the  houses  of 
that  town  are  built,  there  being  paid  ground-mail 
for  the  same  by  the  builders  and  possessors.  Those 
lands  continued  with  this  family,  till  about  the 
year  1590,  when  John  Buchanan  of  Stainiflet 
sold  them  with  all  his  other  interest  in  and  about 
Dunbarton,  being  mostly  now  in  possession  of  Sir 
James  Smdllet,  as  are  also  the  most  ancient  evi* 
dents  that  pertained  to  that  family;  all  now  in 
custody  of  the  present  Auchneiven,  being  only  the 
evidents  of  Auchneiven  and  Lecher,  of  a  more 
modem  date  than  those  of  Stainiflet. 

The  first  of  those  of  Lecher  I  find  upon  record, 
is  a  resignation,  by  Neil  Macllroy,  heritor  thereof, 
of  the  lands  of  Lecher  and  pertinents,  to  George 
Buchanan  of  Stainiflet,  dated  in  the  year  1483. 
The  said  right,  with  that  of  the  lands  of  Ibert, 
for  good  service  done,  and  to  be  done,  was  con- 
firmed to  the  said  George  by  William,  lord 
Graham,  in  the  yeair  1489. 

George's  successor  was  Patrick,  whose  successor 
was  called  Thomas,  as  appears  by  charter  of  the 
two  parts  of  Lecher,  by  William,  earl  of  Montrose, 
to  Thomas  Buchanan,  son  and  heir  to  the  deceased 
Patrick  Buchanan  of  Stainiflet,  and  Elisabeth 
Edmonstone,  daughter  to  the  laird  of  Duntreath> 
his  spouse,  in  life-rent,  and  their  heirs,  in  fee>- 
dated  in  the  year  1568. 


Thomases  successor  was  John,  who  sold  Staioi- 
flet,  as  appears  by  precept  of  Clare  Constat,  in  his 
fevour,  as  heir  to  Thomas  his  father,  by  John, 
earl  of  Montrose,  of  the  lands  of  Lechefr,  dated  in 
the  year  1681.  This  John  had  two  sons,  Walter 
his  successor,  and  Dugal,  who  went  to  Ireland, 
some  of  whose  posterity  having  returned,  reside 
at  Linlithgow  and  Queensferry;  and  others  re- 
mained in  Ireland.  Of  this  Dugal  is  descended 
William  Buchanan,  gardener  in  Glasgow. 

To  John  succeeded  Walter,  who  was  married 
to  Edmpnstone  of  Balleun's  daughter,  as  appears 
by  a  seasin  in  her  favour,  in  life-rent,  of  the  lands 
of  Lecher,  by  John  Buchanan,  father  to  this  WaU 
ter,  dated  in  the  year  1628,  by  wh6m  he  had 
John  his  successor,  as  is  dear  by  charter  in  las  fa- 
vour, by  James,  earl  of  Montrose,  afterward  mar- 
quis, of  an  annuity  of  three  chalder  of  victual, 
payable,  irredeemably,  out  of  the  lands  of  Auch- 
neiven,  dated  in  the  year  1630  ;  as  also  a  precept 
of  Clare  Constat,  by  James,  marquis  of  Montrose, 
with  seasin  thereon,  to  the  above-mentioned  John, 
of  the  lands  of  Auchneiven,  dated   anno   1668. 
Walter  of  Auchneiven's  second  son  was  Walter, 
late  deacon  of  the  bakers  in  Glasgow,  who  had 
four  sops,  John  Buchanan,  merchant  in  Glasgow, 
Walter,  maltman  there,  George,  baker  there,  and 
Thomas  Buchanan,  master  of  a  ship  belonging  to 
the  said  town.     He  had  also  two  daughters,  Ma- 
rion, married  to  Robert  Graham,  merchant  in 
Glasgow,  and  Janet,  married  to  George  Currie, 
merchant  in  that  city.    John  of  Auchneiven  was 


married  to  Elizabeth  Crawfurd,  daughter  to  John 
Crawfurd,  portioner  of  Fartiek.  He  bad  by  her 
John  his  successor,  and  Walter  Buchanan,  writer 
in  Glasgow,  who  acquired  the  limds  of  Teucfaer- 
hill  in  the  parish  of  Meikle  Grovan. 

John  of  Auchneiven  last-mentioned  was  married 
to  Graham  of  Eilleam's  daughter,  and  had  bj  her 
one  son,  John  Buchanan,  present  Auchneiven, 
who  is  married  to  Graham  of  Eillearn^s  daughter ; 
and  one  daughter  unmarried. 

The  Buchanans  of  the  third  of  Lecher  are  ca- 
dets of  Auchneiven ;  as  also  John  Buchanan,  ba- 
ker, and  late  deacon  convener  in  Glasgow,  father 
to  John  Buchanan,  late  deacon  of  the  bakers  there, 
who  had  three  daughters,  the  eldest  married  to 
William  Andersoti,  merchant  in  Glasgow,  the 
second  to  George  Danzeil,  wright  in  the  said 
town,  the  third  to  Mr.  Robert  Buchanan  of  Am- 
pryor,  whose  daughter  is  n^arried  to  the  laird  of 

Also  the  ancestor  of  those  Buchanans  lately  in 
Borland,  now  in  other  parts  of  Buchanan  paroch, 
was  a  cadet  of  this  family.  James  Buchanan,  un- 
cle to  these  last-mentioned,  went  to  Ireland  in 
the  beginning  of  the  reign  of  king  Charles  II. 
John,  eldest  son  to  the  said  James,  being  a  per- 
son of  good  parts  and  education,  became  lord 
mayor  of  Dublin,  and  upon  that  account  obtuned 
the  honour  of  Knighthood ;  he  purchased  a  good 
estate  near  that  city,  of  which  his  son  is  now  in 
possession,  who,  with  some  other  sons  of  his,  and 
a  brother,  and  others  of  this  family,  resides  in 
Leinster,  and  other  places  of  that  kingdom. 


The  latest  cadet  of  Auchneiven^s  family  is 
John»  son  to  the  deoeast  Walter  Buchanan,  writer 
in  Glasgow,  being  the  present  Auchneiven^s  cou- 
sin-german,  and  present  proprietor  of  Teucher- 




AIM  or 


•»»><»*»#»  o»iWii»»*» 

ALTHOUGH  the  descent  of  the  ancestors  of 
those  I  am  ta  treat  of  in  this  place  be  more  late 
off  the  family  of  Buchanan  than  that  of  some 
others  already  mentioned,  nevertheless,  having  ob- 
tuned  no  manner  of  written  document  tending  to 
the  illustration  of  their  descent,  but  only  a  tradi- 
tional account  of  the  same,  by  which  means  there 
cannot  be  very  much  advanced  concerning  them ; 
I  have  chosen  for  that  reason,  not  only  to  treat  of 
them  jointly,  but  also  to  placetheaccount  of  them 
after  that  of  others,  whose  descent  can  be  cleared 
by  written,  and  therefore  more  convincing,  docu* 
mentsj  or  authorities. 


266  Accauvr  of  buchakan 

As  for  the  family  of  Miltoux,  neither  I  nor 
any  other  of  the  name  of  Buchanan  I  had  ever 
occasion  of  conversing  with,  had  the  least  know- 
ledge of,  or  correspondence  with,  any  such  family ; 
all  found  upon  record  concerning  the  same,  being 
a  description  or  blazon  of  the  armorial  bearing  of 
Mr.  Patrick  Buchanan,  son  to  Buchanan  of  Mil- 
toun,  a  cadet  of  Buchanan  of  that  ilk,  mentioned 
in  Mr.  Nisbet^s  Treatise  of  Heraldry,  lately  pub- 
lished, in  which  is  given  no  manner  of  account  of 
that  family^s  genealogy,  but  only  what  relates  to 
the  above-mentioned  gentleman^s  bearing,  as  a  car 
det  thereof.  So  that  all  I  can  offer  concerning 
this  fiimily  is  founded  upon  a  traditional  account  I 
had  from  a  certmn  gentleman,  who  was  an  officer 
in  the  laird  of  Buchanan^s  re^^ent  in  the  year 
1645,  at  which  time  that  re^ment  being  in  garri- 
son in  Inverness,  one  Colin  Buchanan  of  Miltoun 
of  Peatty,  a  gentleman  of  good  repute,  and  whose 
interest  lay  within  a  few  miles  of  the  town  of 
Inverness,  kept  very  much  correspondence  with 
Buchanan  and  his  officers,  while  in  garrison  in 
that  town.  He  was  descended,  by  any  thing  can 
be  collected  from  any  account,  given  then  out,  of 
Maurice  Buchanan^s  son,  who  was  treasurer  to 
the  dauphiness  of  France,  in  the  reign  of  king 
James  I.  And  though  there  can  be  no  account 
had  of  any  of  that  family^s  having  correspondence 
with  any  other  of  their  name  in  these  more  southern 
parts,  in  which  the  same  is  most  numerous  these 
many  years  bygone,  nevertheless,  it  is  very  pre- 
sumeable  this  family  is  s^Il  in  bebg ;  at  least  it 
seems,  by  their,  arms,  to  have  been  so  not  long 

OF  MILTQUMi  CA8HnX»  ABDVXLL,  &C.       267 

ago,  it  being  evident  the  late  laird  of  Buchanan 
changed  his  motto  from  Audaeesjuvo^  into  Clarwr 
htne  Henoa^  in  the  latter  plirt  of  his  time,  to  which 
last  that  oFMr.  Buchanan,  Miltoun^s  sony  plainly  al* 
ludesy  his  bearing  being  Buchanan,  within  a  double 
border,  gules,  charged  with  eight  crescents,  argent, 
with  a  rose  in  crest,  sliped,  gules ;  motto  Ducitur 
hinc  Honoa*  The  Buchanans  of  the  isle  of  Sky 
seem  to  be  descended  of  Miltoun. 

The  ancestor  of  the  Buchanans  of  Cashi ll  was 
always  reputed  an  immediate  cadet  of  the  family 
of  Buchanan ;  the  first  of  these  having  obtained 
the  lands  of  Cashill  from  the  laird  of  Buchanan, 
by  which  that  family  was  designed,  and  retained 
possession  thereof  for  some  ages,  until  about  the 
latter  part  of  the  reign  of  queen  Mary,  Robert 
Buchanan  of  Cashill,  and  Walter  Buchanan  his 
son,  fell  at  variance  with  Thomas  Buchanan  in 
Arduill,  their  kinsman  and  neighbour,  in  which 
contest  the  said  Thomas  and  his  son  Duncan  were 
both  killed  by  those  of  Cashill,  for  which  cause 
the  laird  of  Buchanan  dispossessed  them  of  Cashill ; 
whereupon  Walter,  Bobert's  eldest  son,  went  to 
Ireland,  where  divers  of  his  posterity  remun  yet 
One  of  these  having  come  thence,  and  settled  in 
Argyllshire,  was  ancestor  to  William  Buchanan  of 
Glens,  who  hath  brethren,  and  some  other  rela- 
tions in  that  country.  William's  two  sons  are, 
John  Buchanan,  younger,  merchant  in  Glasgow, 
and  James,  merchant  in  Tarbet.  Robert  of  Cashill 
bad  another  son,  who  went  to  Braidalbin,  and  was 
oiBcer  to  one  of  the  lairds  of  Glenorchy ,  the  present 
earl  of  Btaidaibin^s  anoestort  from  which  office  his 

968  A0fi#FiiT0FWCQAauai 

posterity  wat^  tensfad  Mac Amhaoirsy  or  officer  jb 
WM9  of  which  there  iv^ese  sosi^  lately  in  BtichaBim 
porisdi,  but  BOW  extinct  There  are  oth»t»  «f  that 
name  yet  in  Bnudaibint  but  they  mcuotain  00  oop^ 
respondenoe  with  the  naine  of  fiuchanana 

The  anoestor  of  the  Buehanans  in  AvBuxifL  was 
Bobert  Coich,  or  mad  B^bert,  well  known  to  be 
eon  to  Patrick^  socondof  that  name  lair^  of  Bud^ 
anan,  in  the  reign  of  king  James  IV.9  as  by  no* 
oontny^erted  tnufition  is  jMserted.  He  was>  i:^n 
account  of  his  passionate  or  precipitant  tempert 
termed  Coioh,  at  mad,  more  especially  from  two 
mad  adventures  of  his.  The  first  of  whidh  wa% 
his  being  engaged,  under  a  great  penalty,  to  pro- 
sent  a  certain  malefactiir  to  the  laird  of  Buohanan, 
and  the  person  to  be  presented  dying  before  the 
prefixed  time  of  presentation,  mad  Robert's  surety 
was  charged  to  pay  the  penalty  >;  whereupon  he 
went  to  the  (dace  where  the  principal  was  interred, 
and  having  digged  up  his  cerps,  carried  the  same^ 
and  threw  it  upon  the  court  table  before  the  lainl 
and  company,  protesting  tbereupiHi  to  be  free  df 
the  penalty  f(Mr  non-prodiiiotion*  Theiaicd,  and 
others  pnesent,  being  somewhat  surprised  at  this 
uncommon  action,  frankly  acquitted  the  penalty, 
lest  a  greater  inconvenience  might  ensue  upon 
refusal.  The  second  joi  mad  Robot's  adventures 
was,  his  kitting  a  gentleman  who  belonged  to  the 
lord  Graham,  {or  no  ^otber  reason,  but  that  the 
said  gentleman,  by  bis  lord^s  orders,  was  goiiig  to 
vejpiHt  the  rents  of  certun  lauds  in  the  upper  pari 
of  Buchanan  parish,  tben  belonging  to  thte  lord 
Graham,  and  whicli  Robert  disdaioed  ^oiild  be 

oy  MILTOim^  CA8RXLL,  ARDUILL,  &C.       S69 

possessed  by  any  other  than  a  Buchanan,  it  being 
contiguous  to  their  estate.      . 

The  lord  GraSiam,  justly  incensed  at  this  ac- 
tion, had  recourse  to  Buchanan  for  reparation, 
which  seeing  not  very  practicable  to  be  had  of  the 
actor,  and  Buchanan  having  satisfied  my  lord  of 
bis  not  being  accessory  to  that  affair,  my  lord  was 
obliged  for  preventing  future  inconveniences,  to 
make  an  exchange  of  the  lands  in  Buchanan  parish, 
with  those  of  Bamoir,  lying  near  to  his  other  es- 
tate, and  which  then  pertained  to  Buchanan. 

Mad  Robert  had  only  one  son,  called  Patrick, 
who,  as  his  father  had  that  of  Coich,  had  the  nick- 
name of  Courrui,  or  champion ;  the  reason  of  giving 
that  epithet  to  him  being  this ;  the  families  of  Argyll 
and  Buchanan  being  at  variance  in  this  Patrick's 
time,  Argyll  and  Buchanan,  each  of  them  attended 
with  a  select  party  of  horsemen,  according  to  the 
custom  of  these  times,  met  accidentally  at  Cramond 
water,  the  one  coming  from,  the  other  going  for, 
Edinburgh  ;  these  two  parties  standing  upon  each 
bank  of  the  river,  and  neither  of  them  adventuring 
to  enter  the  same ;  at  length  Patrick  Buchanan, 
mad  Robert's  son,  couching  his  spear,  and  setting 
spurs  to  his  horse,  jumped  boldly  with  ho  little 
noise  into  the  river,  and  past  thi^ough,  Buchanan 
with  his  party  following  him.  Upon  which  Ar- 
gylPs  party  stood  a  little  aside,  and  left  the  passage 
clear.  -  Upon  Patrick's  jumping  into  the  water, 
Argyll  said  in  Irish  to  the  laird  of  Eilmartin,  who 
stood  next  him,  *<  By  St.  Martin  that  is  a  massy 
champion,*^'  in  Irish  Courrui,  whence  Patrick  was 
always  termed  afterwards  the  Courrui,  or  char- 


pkm.     He  had  fcur  sons,  FioIajF,  AkxmdeTt 
Thomai,  and  Patrick.     Of  Finl«y,  the  «lde$t  of 
tbdse,  are  descended  Alewndn*  Suchaoaii,  father 
to  James  Buchanan;  now  of  Cremanoan,  whu^  with 
his  sons,  rendes  in  Ireland .;  Mr*  James  Bucbanai^ 
who  purchased  the  lands  of  Cremawiant  and  hav- 
ing no  issue,  disponed  those  knds  to  the  present 
James  of  Cremannan  his  nephew.    The  Bucha»«r 
ans,  possessors  for  a  Jong  time  of  Bbojrour  in  Dry  * 
men  parish,  of  which  John  Bocbanan  in  Easter 
Balfunning,  Thomas  Buchanan^  sUUer  in  Edin^r 
hurgh,  x^th  some  others,  «re  afeo  descend^  off 
the  said  Finlay. 

Of  Alexander,  Patrick's  aecood  son,  ve  descends 
ed  the  Buchanans,  for  some  time  possessors^  of  Bal* 
lantoneaod  Gaidrew  of  Drunu)uhas«l. 

Of  Thomas  the  third  son,  are  descended  the 
Buchanans  in  Wester  Arduill  in  Buchanw  parish^ 
ordinarily  termed  Donald  MacTbomas,  his  race* 

Of  Patrick,  the  fourth  son  erf  Patrick  the  Cour- 
rui,  is  descended  Finlay  Buchanan,  in  LaggJin  of 
Tyrconndl  in  Ireland,  who  has  some  brethrec^ 
and  other  relations  of  that  race,  residing  ne^ 
pho  and  some  other  places  of  that  kingdom. 

The  Buchanans  in  Sali^ochy  their  progenitor, 
as  those  others  last-mentioned,  conform  to  any  tra*- 
ditional  account  can  be  obtained,  was  an  imme*> 
diate  cadet  of  the  family  of  Buchanan,  his  name 
being  Gilbert,  whence  his  ■  progeny  were  termed 
ordinarily  MacGilberts,  or  Gilbertsons.  The  first 
possession  giv^n  to  this  Gilbert  was  Sallochy  in 
Buchanan  parish,  of  which  hia  posterity  retained 
possession  for  divers  generations^     That  family  was 

OF  MILT017N,  CA8HILL,  ABBUILL,  &C.       271 

divided  into  several  branches,  one  of  these  con- 
tinuing in  the  old  possession,  till  of  late  jrears, 
John,  last  of  this  branch,  died  without  male  issue. 
Another  branch  of  this  family  went  to  Ealpar- 
trick,  and  settled  in  Forgiestoun,  whose  issue  hav- 
ing spread  through  some  other  parts  of  Eilpatrick 
and  Bathemock,  any  of  them  who  yet  exist,  pre^ 
tend  to  be  of  Lenny's  &mily,.  seeing  the  greater 
part  of  the  other  Buchanans  of  these,  and  some 
neighbouring  places  are  really  of  the  family  of 
Lenny.     Besides  those  already  mentioned,  there 
are  some  small  heritors,  with  divers  fanners,  of  the 
name  of  Buchanan,  in  Middle  and  East  Calder,  as 
also  near  Langholm  in  the  south  country,  of  whose 
descent  I  could  obtain  no  distinct  account ;  so  that 
I  must  leave  the  same  undetermined- 
Having  completed  (conform  to  what  instructions 
I  could  obtain,)  all  I  designed  to  treat  ci  in  rela- 
tion to  the  family  of  Buchanan,  and  the  cadets 
thereof,  who  retain  that  surname,  I  proceed  next 
to  the  account  of  the  cadets  of  that  family,  who 
pass  under  other  denominations,  nevertheless,  are 
known,  and  own  themselves  to  be  cadets  of  the 
family  of  Buchanan.     And  though  it  be  an  inver- 
sion of  the  method  I  have  hitherto  used,  I  shall 
begin  with  the  most  ancient  and  most  reputed  of 





IN  regard  the  M<Ausel  ans  are  the  only  sept,  or 
cadet  of  the  family  of  Buchanan,  though  of  another 
denomination,  that  have  yet  retained  the  ancient 
surname  by  which  the  family  of  Buchanan  was  de- 
nominated, I  shall  therefore  treat  of  these  in  the 
first  place,  as  being  the  eldest  cadets,  and  those  of 
that  name  in  Scotland,  and  Ireland,  complexly 
taken,  of  the  best  account  of  any  other  cadets  of 
that  family,  whence  they  derived  their  origin. 
And  though  all  the  evidents  of  any  considerable 
antiquity,  which  belonged  to  the  baron  M*Auselan» 
are  long  ago  lost,  so  that  all  that  can  be  obtained 
for  illustration  of  the  descent  of  that  family,  is  a 
traditional  account  of  the  ancestor  of  the  present  fa- 
mily of  M'Auselans,  being  a  second  son  of  one  -of 
the  Auselans,  generally  reputed  to  be  the  first  of 
the  three  so  named,  and  who  firdt  acquired  the 
i<^Qds  of  Buchanan ;  yet  this  account,  though  the 



exACt  ilme  <if  the  M^AsMelan^  dcaeeiit  fianiiot  be  jo 
exactly  knowDi  ia  fully  oonfinned  by  the  eyidenliB 
of  the  fiUExiily  of  l^oebaDan,  by  which  it  is  clear  to 
a  daBonstration,  that  their  sumnnie  for  diveni 
ages  was  M^AuselaB}  before  the  assumption  of  that 
xtf  JBucbanan,  and  that  the  laird  of  Buchanan,  aa 
also  the  barons  M^Auselan  in  all  times  thereafter^ 
owned  the  descent  of  that  sept  of  M'Ausekas,  to 
be  as  above  related.  There  was  indeed  a  ground- 
kfis  pretence  sometime  -raade  of  the.bso^n  M^Atise- 
lan's  bdug  the  elder  branch  c^  the  family,  sedi^ 
be  still  retained  the  ancient  sftrname,  being  ^of  the 
aame  import  with  the  like  pretensions  made  by  ibe 
families  of  M'Arture,  now  Campbel  of  Strachjrr, 
and  Mcpherson  of  Cluny ;  tlie  first  prrten<fingto  be 
descended  off  the  family  of  Lochow,  while  O^m, 
before  the  assumption  of  CampbeU  the  other  from 
thi^t  of  M'Cattan,  bdfore  that  family  assumed  the 
surname  of  Mcintosh,  and  so  both  itbe  more  escient 
But  as  these  long  ago  upon  just  grounds  ceded  their 
.pretensions,  so  also  have  the  M'Ausekns.  Their  '* 
estate,  by  ajay  of  their  documents  now  extant,  was 
never  known  to  amount  to  more  than  the  little  in- 
terest of  about  twenty  pounds  sterling  of  yearly 
rent,  possessed  by  the  late  baron  M^Ausekm, 
which  seems  to  have  been  the  patrimony  given  to 
the  first  of  that  family»  upon '  bos  descent  off 
*M<Ausd^n,  laird  of  Buchanan.  Nor  is  the  sup- 
posidon  less  groundless,  that  Sir  Alexander,  design- 
ed M^Auselani  a  knight  of  Lennox,  who  acquired 
the  addi^n  to  the  armorial  bearkig  of  Buchanan 
at  the  battle  of  Bauge,  might  probably  have  been 
haronM'Auselan, and  not  Buchanan;  seang  the 

274  ACCO0MT  OF  rBB 

latter  sumame  was  assumed  some  considerable  time 
before  that  achievement ;  but  this  supposition  is 
still  further  frivolous  upon  divers  accounts,  it  not 
being  probable,  that  a  person  of  so  little  interest, 
could  be  knighted  at  such  early  times,  while  a 
great  many  of  the  best  quality  with  difficulty  ob- 
tained that  honour,  and  if  any  of  that  family  had 
so  done,  it  is  improbable  they  would  have  allowed 
Buchanan  to  assume  these  arms,  without  the  least 
opposition  at  any  time  thereafter.  It  is  also  evi- 
dent that  the  lairds  of  Buchanan  used,  and  were 
designed  by  the  surname  of  M<Auselan  upon 
divers  occasions,  for  a  long  time  after  the  as* 
sumption  of  Buchanan;  as  for  instance,  in  a 
charter  by  the  earl  of  Lennox  to  Finlay  Campsy, 
of  a  part  of  the  lands  so  named,  to  which  Maurice, 
laird  of  Buchanan,  is  witness  by  designation  of 
M^Auselan,  though  grandchild  to  Gilbert,  who 
first  assumed  Buchanan.  So  that  it  is  no  matter  of 
admiration,  that  the  monks  of  Pluscarden,  whore- 
late  the  adventure  of  Sir  Alexander,  and  living  at 
such  vast  distance- from  the  place  of  his  residence, 
might  happen  to  design  him  by  his.ancient  surname, 
and  best  known  to  them,  rather  than  by  one  so . 
lately  assumed. 

The  first  of  these  M^Auselaps  I  could  find  upon 
record,  is  Malcolm  M^Auselan,  inserted  witness  in 
a  charter,  by  Malcolm,  earl  of  Lennox,  of  the  lands 
of  Luss,  in  favour  of  John,  laird  thereof,  in  the 
reign  of  king  Alexander  III.  This  Malcolm 
(though  few  or  none  in  these  old  charters  are  fully 
designed)  seems  to  have  been  baron  M<Auselan, 
the  lairds  of  Buchanan  having  generally  disused 


that  of  MfAuselaD)  before  the  date  of  this  charter. 
I  .find  no  nu>re  of  these  recorded,  but  a  traditkmal 
account  of  one  M^Beth,  baron  M< Auselan,  a  person 
of  uncommon,  stature  and  strength,  who  lived  in 
king  Robert  the  third^s  time,  and  seems  to  have 
been  contemporary  with  Sir  Alexander  M< Auselan, 
(NT  Buchanan,  which  makes  the  supposition  already 
mentioned  the. more  improbable;  Alexander,  last 
baron  M^Auselan,  having  only  one  daughter,  who 
was  married  to.  a  gentleman  of  the  name  of  Camp- 
bel,  after  whpse  death,  she :  sold  her  interest  to  Sir 
Humphrey  Colchoun  of  Luss,  her  superior.  The 
remainder  of  the  Scotch  M'Auselans,  reside  mostly 
in  Lennox.    But  the  greatest  number  and  of  best 
account  of  that  name,  reside  in  the  counties  of  Ty- 
rone, Deny,  and  Down,  in  the  north  of  Ireland. 
The  ancestors  of  the  principal  men  of  these  last, 
were  Andrew,  and  John  M^Auselans,  sons  of  the 
baron  M^Auselan,  who  went  out  of  the  paroch  of 
Luss  to  that  kingdom,  in  the  latter  part  of  the 
reign  of  king  James  VI.     This  Andrew  had  a  son 
called  Alexander,  upon  whom  he  bestowed  a  good 
education,  by  which  means,  becoming  a  prudent, 
active  gentleman,  he  obtained  a  commission  in  the 
army,  in  time  of  the  civil  wars,  in  the  reign  of  king 
Charles  I.     At  the  end  of  those  wars,  partly  by 
debenture,  partly  by  purchase,  he  acquired  the  es^ 
tates  of  Resh  and  Ardstaw  in  the  county  of  Tyrone. 
He  had  two  sons,  the  eldest  whereof,  Oliver  of  Resh, 
was  one  of  the  most  sufficient  gentlemen  in  these 
parts  of  that  kingdom.     In  the  year  1698,  he  was 
high-sheriff  of  that  county,  and  influenced  most  of 
his  own  name  throughout  the  country,  to  settle  in 


andmir histown €<tate»  which  jit  fint  soarce  •- 
laounting  lafi^e  hundred  powod  starfing^of  yeorfy 
rent,  he  ioeicMod  in  aueh  a  mamicr^  as  to  leave  to 
hid  8iiB.a  daav  estato'of  fifteen  hundred  pound  per 
ammn*.  He  mas  twice  married,  and  left  by  both  A 
nuattvous  ittuek  Hiat  suocessor  hatb  a  lodging  m 
aSttlatowa^ called  Strabane^  where  he  oisdiiMDrily 
rende^y  and  fiar  which  place  he  servei  as  n»nih«r 
of  parliaaaentt^  as  his  father  did  fbr  many  yesni^ 
Olivca^s  brother  is<eaHed  Andrew,  havhig  an^  estate 
catted  Ardocheyly  wfaa,  aad  a  great  many  others^c^ 
gGMd  circumstanoet  of  the  name  of  M^AasefaoH  ve^ 
sideviathB;eouiiliaialiaeady  mentioned. 





NEXT  in  antiquity  to  the  MacAuselans  is  the 
^fispt  of  the  MacMillans  ;  for,  as  the  MacAuse^ 
lans  are  generally  reputed  to  be  descended  of  An- 
selauy  first  of  that  name  laird  of  Buchanan,  so  the 
MacMillans^  progenitor  is  known  to  be  second  son 
to  Anselan,  the  third  of  that  name.  And  though 
the  first  be  the  more  ancient,  this  in  respect  of 
number  is  by  far  the  most  considerable  of  any 
other  cadet  of  whatever  denomination.  There  is 
no  document,  in  so  far  as  I  could  discover,  in  the 
hands  of  any  of  this  sept,  to  clear  their  descent  off 
the  family  of  Buchanan,  but  only  an  uncontro- 
verted  tradition,  which  asserts  their  ancestor  to  be 
bnother  to  the  first  who  assumed  the  surname  of 
Buchanan.  Which  is  the  more  to  be  relied  on,  in 
regard  I  find  the  same  to  agree  in  all  respects 
inth  a  written  document  lately  found,  by  which 
that  descent  is  clearly  illustrated,  by  a  charter,  by 
2  A 

278  ACCOVKT  or  the 

MalduiD,  earl  oftjennoX}  to  6iIn(iore»  sonof  Mul- 
donicb,  of  the  estate  of  Luss,  in  the  reign  of  king 
Alexander  II.  in  which,  Anselan,  laird  of  Bucl^- 
anan,  with  Gilbert,  his  eldest  son,  who  6rst  as- 
sumed the  surname  of  Buchanan,  and  Methlan, 
his  second  son,  ancestor  of  the  MacMillans,  are 
inserte4  witnesses.  So  that,  notwithstanding  a 
tnd  opinion  obtained  for  some  time,  of  their 
obtaining  that  denomination  from  their  ances- 
r^s  being  bald,  in  Irish  Maoilain,  and  thence 
MacMailans,  or  bald-man^s  sons,  yet  there  is  not 
the  least  show  of  reason  for  any  such  supposition, 
after  such  a  clear  evident  for  evincing  the  contra- 
ry, and  a  more  probable  reason  of  that  denomina- 
tion is  found  out.^  For  it  is  clear,  that  MacMeth- 
lan  can  be  no  otherwise  pronounced  in  Irish  than 
as  the  MacMillans  pronounce  their  name. 

This  Methlan  is  not  found  to  have  left  his  na- 
tive cfc«Aqtry*  but'  having  a  great  many  sons,  one 
or  two  of  t\rt<*«j5rgBt  to  Kintyre,  upon  account  of 
a  friendship  then   much  cultivated   betwixt  the 
families  of  the  great  MacDonaM^nd  Buchanan ; 
the  first  being  some  small  time  bejfoie  allied  with 
the  principal  person  of  the  O'Kyans,  of  which  fa- 
mily that  of  Buchanan  was  originally  descended. 
By  this  means  Methlan*s  sons,  being  Buchanan's 
grandchildren,  met  with  a  very  kind   recdption 
from  the  lord  MacDonald,  who,  for  his  service,^^]^ 
lowed  to  one  of  them  a  considerable  estate  in  KnaW 
dale,  in  the  south-west  part  of  Kintyre,  who  f^ 
his  heroic  achievements  was  termed  « the  greai  \ 
MacMillan  of  Knap,**  as  is  asserted  by  an  accouai  \ 
of  his  family,  conveyed  to  my  hands  by  MacMiUan 


of  Dunmore  in  Enapdale*  being  the  principal  man 
of  that  name,  or  sept.  Who  further  adds,  that  in 
all  times  bygone,  as  also  at  present,  he,  and  his 
whole  sept  did,  and  do  own  themselves  to  be  de- 
scended of  the  family  of  Buchanan ;  and  that  one 
of  his  ancestors  caused  build  a  very  pretty  chapel 
in  Kilmorie  of  Knap,  for  devotion  and  burying- 
jdace,  in  which  there  is  a  fine  cross,  with  divers 
other  figures  neatly  cut  in  stone,  and  a  great  many 
characters  engraven  thereon  scarcely  legible,  which 
intimate  the  founder ^s  name  to  have  been  iEneas 
MacMillan,  who,  or  some  of  his  ancestors,  built  a 
large  tower  in  addition  to  Castlesuin,  or  MacSuin^s 
castle,  the  other  part  of  that  castle,  according  to 
tradition,  being  built  by  the  progenitor  of  the 
Maxwells,  upon  his  first  coming  from  Ireland,  and 
settling  for  some  time  in  Knapdale,  being  descend- 
ed of  the  great  clan  MacSuin  in  Ireland,  and  then 
naming  the  castle  MacSuin^s  castle,  or  Castlesuin, 
as  now  termed.  It  seems  very  probable,  that  up- 
on MacSuin's  leaving  that  country,  and  settling 
in  the  southern  parts,  his  neighbour  MacMillan 
got  possession  of  the  castle,  aud  upon  that  occa^ 
sion  built  the  additional  tower  thereto,  which  he 
termed  «*  MacMillan^s  towei*,"  as  the  first  was  de- 
nominated from  MacSuin.  There  is  a  tradition, 
that  a  brother  of  MacMillan,  who  went  first  from 
this  cituntry  with  him  in  the  time  of  the  civil  wars 
after  the  death  of  king  Alexander  III.  went  from 
Argyllshire  to  Galloway,  and  settled  in  that  coun- 
try, being  the  progenitor  of  the  MacMillans  of 
Galloway.  The  principal  man  of  these  is  Mac- 
Millan of  Brocklocb.  There  are  also  divers  other 

278  Accouirr  or  the 

MalduiD,  earl  oFtjennox^  to  Gilmore^  sonof  Mul- 
donicb,  of  the  estate  of  Luss,  in  the  reign  of  king 
Alexander  II.  in  which,  Anselan,  laird  of  Buclv- 
anan,  with  Gilbert,  his  eldest  son,  who  Bret  as- 
sumed the  surname  of  Buchanan,  and  Methlan, 
his  second  son,  ancestor  of  the  MacMillans,  are 
inserte4  witnesses.  So  that,  notwithstanding  a 
fond  opinion  obtained  for  some  time,  of  their 
obtaining  that  denomination  from  their  ances* 
tore's  being  bald,  in  Irish  Maoilain,  and  thence 
MacMailans,  or  bald-man^s  sons,  yet  there  is  not 
the  least  show  of  reason  for  any  such  suppbsition, 
after  such  a  clear  evident  for  evincing  the  contra- 
ry, and  a  more  probable  reason  of  that  denomina- 
tion is  found  out.<  For  it  is  clear,  that  MacMeth- 
Ian  can  be  no  otherwise  pronounced  in  Irish  than 
as  the  MacMillans  pronounce  their  name. 

This  Methlan  is  not  found  to  have  left  his  na- 
tive ctoAqtry*  but'  having  a  great  many  sons,  one 
or  two  of  tb>«^j8^gDt  to  Kintyre,  upon  account  of 
a  friendship  then   much  ^hivated   betwixt  the 
families  of  the  great  MacDonaU^^nd  Buchanan  ; 
the  first  being  some  small  time  before  allied  with 
the  principal  person  of  the  O'Kyans,  of  which  fa- 
mily that  of  Buchanan  was  originally  descended. 
By  this  means  Methlan^s  sons,  being  Buchanan's 
grandchildren,  met  with  a   very  kind   reception 
from  the  lord  MacDonald,  who,  for-  his  service,\d- 
lowed  to  one  of  them  a  considerable  estate  in  KnaW 
dale,  in  the  south-west  part  of  Kintyre,  who  fob 
his  heroic  achievements  was  termed  « the  great  V 
MacMillan  of  Knap,**  as  is  asserted  by  aq  account 
of  his  family,  conveyed  to  my  hands  by  MacMiilan^ 


of  Dunmore  in  Enapdale»  being  the  principal  man 
of  that  name,  or  sept.  Who  further  adds,  that  in 
all  times  bygone,  as  also  at  present,  he,  and  his 
whole  sept  did,  and  do  own  themselves  to  be  de- 
scended of  the  family  of  Buchanan ;  and  that  one 
of  his  ancestors  caused  build  a  very  pretty  chapel 
in  Eilmorie  of  Knap,  for  devotion  and  burying- 
place,  in  which  there  is  a  fine  cross,  with  divers 
other  figures  neatly  cut  in  stone,  and  a  great  many 
characters  engraven  thereon  scarcely  legible,  which 
intimate  the  founder^s  name  to  have  been  iEneas 
MacMilian,  who,  or  some  of  his  ancestors,  built  a 
large  tower  in  addition  to  Castlesuin,  or  MacSuin^s 
castle,  the  other  part  of  that  castle,  according  to 
tradition,  being  built  by  the  progenitor  of  the 
Maxwells,  upon  his  first  coming  from  Ireland,  and 
settling  for  some  time  in  Knapdale^  being  descend- 
ed of  the  great  clan  MacSuin  in  Ireland,  and  then 
naming  the  castle  MacSuin's  castle,  or  Castlesuin, 
as  now  termed.  It  seems  very  probable,  that  up- 
on MacSuin's  leaving  that  country,  and  settling 
in  the  southern  parts,  his  neighbour  MacMilian 
got  possession  of  the  castle,  aud  upon  that  occa^ 
sion  built  the  additional  tower  thereto,  which  he 
termed  <*  MacMillan^s  towei^*'^  as  the  first  was  de- 
nominated from  MacSuin.  There  is  a  tradition, 
that  a  brother  of  MacMilian,  who  went  first  from 
this  cftuntry  with  him  iii  the  time  of  the  civil  wars 
after  the  death  of  king  Alexander  III.  went  from 
Argyllshire  to  Galloway,  and  settled  in  that  coun- 
try, being  the  progenitor  of  the  MacMillans  of 
Galloway.  The  principal  man  of  these  is  Mac- 
Milian of  Brocklocb.  There  are  also  divers  other 


heritors^  and  a  good  number  of  the  vulgar  sort  of 
the  name  in  that  country,  who  acknowledge  their 
origin  to  be  the  same  with  the  MacMiUans  of  Ar* 

The  cause  of  the  MacMiUans  losing  the  greatest 
part  of  their  estate  in  Knapdale,  is  reported  to 
have  been  their  joining  the  lord  MacDonald  th^ 
superior,  in  aiding  James,  earl  of  Douglas,  in  that 
rebellion  agwnst  king  James  II.  in  the  year  1456. 
Another  of  Methlan^s  sons,  being  brother  to  Mao* 
Millan  first  of  Knap,  went  to  Perthshire,  and 
settled  in  Lawers.  This  MacMillan  had  ten  sons, 
whom  Chalmers,  then  lurd  of  Lawers,  o£Pering  by 
force  to  dispossess  of  these  lands  possessed  by  them, 
could  not  get  Jthe  same  effectuated  till  he  obtained 
from  king  David  II.  letters  of  fire  and  sword 
against  them,  which  orders,  with  the  assbtance  c^ 
the  sheriff  of  that  shire,  he  with  the  utniost  diffi- 
culty put  in  execution,  obliging  most  of  them  to 
abandon  that  country,  and  go  to  their  friends  in 
Argyllshire ;  whence  some  of  these  retarning  in 
process  of  time,  obtained  a  part  of  their  ancient 
possessions  in  Lawers,  and  were  ancestors  to  the 
MacMiUans  (though  much  decayed)  in  Ardownaig, 
and  other  parts  of  Braidalbin.  This  account  is 
asserted  by  a  brieve  (of  which  I  had  a  transcript) 
obtained  some  years  ago  by  one  Serjeant  MacMil- 
lan, descended  from  the  MacMiUans  of  GaEoway, 
in  the  gray  dragoons,  from  one  of  the  kings  of 
arms  in  England.  By  this  brieve  it  is  further  as- 
serted, that  it  was  Metblan  himself  that  settled  in 
Lawers,  and  that  some  of  his  sons  went  first  and_ 
settled  in  ArgyUshire,  upon  the  said  letters  of  fire 


and  dword  being  put  in  execution  against 
Chalmers,  laird  of  Lawers. 
'  A  son  of  the  great  MacMillan  of  Kn 
resided  in  a  certain  place  in  Kintjre,  ca] 
cbaintnag,  having  kilted  one  Marallach 
certain  stranger,  of  great  account,  who  ha 
in  these  parts,  and  seems  to  have  bee 
oppressor  of  his  neighbours,  which  ga' 
the  contest  betwixt  him  and  his  neighb< 
Millan ;  for  this  he  was  with  six  of  hi: 
his  associates  in  that  action,  obliged  to  ti 
and  flee  to  Lochaber,  and  in  this  exige 
ing  recourse  to  the  laird  of  Locheal,  h 
cetved  into  his  protection,  and  allowed  p( 
in  his  lands.  These  changing  their  su 
little  from  MacMillan,  into  that  of  Ms 
to  this  day  retained,  some  small  time  a 
settlement  in  Lochaber,  there  came  one 
and  settled  in  a  place  called  Badokenna 
head  of  Lochfine  in  Argyllshire,  being  p: 
to  the  MacGilveils  of  Glenera  and  Glensti 
<»thers  in  those  parts. 

There  was  another  of  the  family  of  Km 
Archibald  i5aan  MacMillan,  who  having 
certain  man  of  repute,  was  so  closely  pursi 
committing  the  slaughter,  that  coming  b\ 
of  Argyll's  residence,  he  was  forced  into 
kitchen  for  refuge,  where  the  cook,  beii 
same  time  baking,  hastily  caused  MacMilli 
change  clothes  with  htm,  and  fall  to  bah 
prevented  his  being  apprehended,  or  di 
by  the  pursuers;  afler  which  this  Ma 
and  his  progeny,  assumed  the  surname 



Bhaxters,  yet  reUdned  by  them.  Those  of  this 
name  reside  mostly  in  Cowal  in  Argyllshire;  the 
principal  man  of  them  being  Nivein  MacBhaoLter 
in  Glendarowal.  They  term  themselyes  in  £i^ 
glishy  Baxtei;^.  Whether  those  of  that  name  m 
the  more  Lowland  parts  be  of  the  same  stera> 
(though  it  seems  probaUe,)  is  more  than  I  can 
positively  determine. 

The  principal  person  of  the  MacMiUana  of  Ar- 
gyllshire, is  Duncan  MacMillan  of  Dunmore; 
his  interest  and  residence  is  upon  the  south  side 
of  Lochtarbet  in  Knapdale»  in  the  shire  of  Ar- 
gyll. There  are  also  MacMillans  of  Coura,  and 
of  Clochbrecks,  with  a  very  considerable  num- 
ber of  the  vulgar  sort  dispersed  through  that 

The  MacGilveils  oi  Lochaber  are  mostly  plants 
ed  upon  both  sides  of  Locherkek  in  Lochaber* 
and  live  generally  under  and  are  close  dependants 
upon  the  laird  of  Locheal,  and  upon,  all  expedi- 
tions make  up  a  company  of  an  hundred  men, 
with  officers,  all  of  that  sept ;  not  reputed  the 
worst  of  Locheal's  regiment,  being  generally  em- 
ployed in  any  desperate  enterprise  that  occurs. 
These  bad  a  controversy  not  many  years  ago  with 
another  sept,  reckoned  the  most  desperate  in  all 
those  parts,  termed  MacLonvies,  dependants  also 
of  Locheal ;  these  last  having  murdered  one  of 
the  MacGilveils,  the  actors  being  twelve  in  num- 
ber, betook  themselves  to  the  mountains,  bdng 
outlaws  before,  upon  which  some  of  the  MacGil- 
y^ls  addrest  Locheal,  telling  him,  if  he  would 
not  allow  them  to  revenge  this  murder  upon  the 


actors,  they  would  destroy  the  whole  sept  without 
distinction.  Locheal  granted  their  request^  upon 
condition  they  yrould  only  prosecute  the  guilty, 
which  they  so  effectually  did,  that  in  a  few  days 
they  either  kiUed  or  brought  to  justice  the  whole 
number  of  them,  having  not  lost  one  man  of  their 
own  number,  though  divers  were  wounded.  The 
principal  persons  of  this  sept  are  the  MacGilveils 
of  Murlagan,  of  Caiilie,  and  Glenpean. 

There  are  a  great  number  also  of  the  Mac- 
Millans  in  the  parishes  of  Lend  and  Armuy  in 
the  county  of  Antrim,  and  other  places  of  Ire- 
land. The  persons  of  best  account  of  them  in 
that  kingdom,  is  lieutenant  John  MacMillan  of 
Killre,  in  the  county  of  Derry,  having  an  estate 
of  five  hundred  pound  sterling,  per  annum ;  also 
doctor  MacMillan  in  Lisbum,  a  person  of  good 
repute  and  circumstances ;  and  MacMillan  of 
Glensase^  and  others. 

MacMillan  of  Dunmore  carries  Buchanan,  for 
distinction,  upon  &  chief,  parted  per  barr,  gules, 
three  moUets,  argent 




THE  ancestor  of  the  MacColmans  was  Col- 
man,  third  son  to  Anselan,  third  of  that  name* 
and  seventh  laird  or  Buchanan,  being  brother  to 
Gilbert,  who  6rst  assumed  the  surname  of  Buch- 
anan, and  to  Methlan,  ancestor  of  the  MacMil- 
lans.  Colman  was  an  ordinary  Christian  name  of 
old  in  this  kingdom  ;  as,  for  instance,  Colman, 
bishop  of  Lindisfarn  in  Northumberland,  and  af- 
terwards abbot  of  Icolmkill,  in  the  reign  of  king 
Ferquhard  I.  Also  one  of  the  Scottish  nobility, 
who  made  an  oration  against  concluding  the  league 
with  France,  in  the  reign  of  king  Achaius. 

The  time  and  cause  of  this  Col  mane's  song's  going 
to  Argyllshire  is  not  very  evident,  but  it  seems 
▼ery  probable  to  be  in  the  reign  of  king  Alexan- 
der III.  within  a  short  space  of  his  cousin  Mac- 
Millan^s  going  into  that  country,  whose  good  re- 
^ption  there  might  have  been. the  principal  mo- 


tive  of  his  cousin  MacCoIman^s  following  him. 
The  only  written  document  1  find  relating  to  the 
M»;Colmans  is  a  charter,  or  life-rent-right,  grant- 
ed hj  Duncan  MacPharlane,  of  a  part  of  his  lands, 
to  Christian  Campbell,  daughter  to  Sir  Colin  Camp- 
bell of  Lochow  his  lady,  dated  in  the  year  1395, 
and  in  the  reign  of  king  Robert  III.  The  trus- 
tees employed  by  Sir  Colin  to  see  this  right  com- 
pleted, were  John  Campbell,  dean  of  Argyll,  and 
John  MacColman. 

I  had  an  account  of  the  MacColmanstransmit- 
ted  to  me  by  that  judicious  and  learned  gentleman, 
the  reverend  Mr.  Alexander  MacColman,  minister 
of  Lismore  and  Appin,  which  justly  deserves  the 
greater  regard  and  credit,  seeing  it  exactly  agrees 
with  that  sent  me  by  MacMillan  of  Dunmore, 
near  the  same  time,  in  relation  to  his  clan,  as  also 
with  a  written  document,  which  came  not  to  my 
hands  several  years  after  receipt  of  the  said  ac- 
count. That  delivered  me  by  Mr.  Alexander 
MacColman  concerning  the  origin  of  that  sept, 
asserts,  that  the  ancestors  of  the  MacMillans  and 
MacColmans  were  brethren  of  him  who  first  as- 
sumed the  surname  of  Buchanan,  though  the  same 
be  not  testified  by  any  written  document,  but  by 
a  continued  and  inviolable  tradition  handed  down 
.  from  one  generation  to  another,  with  which  they 
are  satisfied,  always  cheerfully  acknowledging  their 
original  descent  to  be  of  the  family  of  Buchanan, 
though  they  cannot  so  very  distinctly  tell  the  man- 
ner and  circumstances  of  the  same. 

There  is  also  a  very  great  evidence  of  the  Mac- 
Colmans^ blood-relation  to  the  name  of  Buchanan^ 


from  this,  that  notwithstanding  of  the  great  dis- 
tance betwixt  the  respective  residences  of  these  two 
names,  and  upon  that  account  the  seldomness  of 
their  mutual  converse,  or  correspondence  with  one 
another,  yet  they  have  the  same  inviolable  love 
and  entire  respect  for  the  name  of  Buchanan,  that 
they  have  for  one  another  of  their  nearest  rela- 
tions, although  no  preceding  acquaintance  or  good 
offices  intervene. 

Moreover,  although  the  MacCoImans  have  rcr 
sided  in  Mucarn,  and  other  adjacent  places  in  Ar- 
gyllshire, upwards  of  four  hundred  years,  yet  they 
never  gave  any  bond  of  Manrie,  or  other  acknow- 
ledgement, to,  or  had  the  least  dependance  upon, 
any  person  or  clan  in  these  parts,  though  there  is 
no  other  sept  in  the  same  circumstances  in  all  those 
countries,  but  what  are  obliged  to  give  some  such 
bond  or  acknowledgement.  The  principal  places 
in  which  these  reside  are  Mucarn,  and  Benedera 
loch  in  Upper  Lorn,  in  the  shire  of  Argyll.  The 
men  of  best  account  of  them  are  Mr.  John  Mac- 
Colman,  son  to  the  said  Mr.  Alexander,  who  hath 
a  little  interest  in  Lismore;  also  another  Mr. 
John,  brother  to  the  same  Mr.  Alexander,  who 
hath  ten  sons,  all  men  of  good  repute. 

Besides  these,  there  are  sixty  effective  men  of 
that  name  in  these  parts. 

There  is  another  sept  of  these  MacCoImans  in 
Kintail,  in  the  earl  of  Seaforth^s  land,  descended 
of  one  Mr.  Murdo,-  (or,  as  the  Irish  term  it,) 
Murcho  MacCoJman,  who  went  from  Argyllshire 
into  that  country,  near  two  hundred  years  ago. 
These  are  termed  in  Irish   MacAmhaisdirs,  or 

MACC0LMAN8.  287 

Mastersons,  but  term  themselves  in  English  Mur- 
chisons,  from  Murcho,  their  anoestor^s  andent 
name.  The  principal  man  of  these  is  Murchisoil 
of  Ouchtertyre,  in  the  parish  of  Locheilg  in  Cn- 
tail  These  term  themselves  Dowes  when  in  the 
Lowlands,  and  assert  the  Dowes  upon  Forth  and 
other  places  to  be  descend^  of  them,  which  Dowe 
of  Amhally  the  principal  person  of  that  name,  in  a 
great  measure  owned,  there  being  upon  that  ac- 
count great  intimacy  betwixt  the  late  laird  of 
Buchanan  and  him ;  but  both  their  estates  being 
gone  to  other  families,  through  want  of  male  issue, 
that  correspondence  betwixt  the  two  names  is 





THERE  is  no  written  document  to  evince  the 
.  circumstances,  of  the  descent  of  the  name  of  Spit- 
TEL  ofP  the  family  of  Buchanan ;  though  an  un- 
controverted  tradition,  and  a  continued  pretension 
by  the  family  of  Buchanan  to  the  name  of  Spittel^ 
and  the  acquiescence  of  the  generality  of  that 
name  in  the  pretensions  made  to  the  same,  in  a 
great  measure  clear  theori^n  of  the  name  of  Spit- 
tel  to  be,  as  is  generally  asserted. 

The  ancestor  of  that  name  was  son  to  Sir  Mau- 
rice Buchanan  of  that  ilk,  who  flourished  in  the 
reign  of  king  Alexander  III.  The  reason  given 
of  his  assuming  the  surname  of  Spittel  being,  that 
he  was  admitted  into  that  order  of  knighthood 
called  knight-templars,  or  cruch-backs,  which  order 
was  instituted  about  the  eleventh  century  of  the 
Christian  epocha,  for  defence  of  the  Christian  reli- 
gion,  more  especially  of  the  temple  and  cross  of 

•       ACCOmiT  OF  THE  fiPITTSLa.  289 

Jerusalem,  which,  as  the  Roman  legend  has  it, 
was  miraculously  found  by  Helena,  mother  to 
Constantine  the  first  Christian  emperor,  after  much 
search  made  by  her  orders  in  and  about  the  place 
of  our  Saviour^s  crucifixion.  For  preserving  it, 
the  empress  caused  a  stately  temple  to  be  built  at 
Jerusalem,  and  dedicated  to  the  holy  cross,  whence 
in  after  ages  a  great  many,  if  not  innumerable, 
pieces  were  sent,  by  the  popes  of  Rome,  of  that 
supposed  cross,  for  good  sums  of  money,  to  popish 
princes,  and  other  potentates,  insomuch  that  one 
of  their  own  writers  affirms,  that  if  the  thousand 
part  of  these  pieces  had  been  of  the  real  cross,  it 
would  have  soon  broken  the  back  of  Simon  of 
Cyrene  in  carrying  it.  However,  the  above  order 
of  knights  was  chiefly  instituted  for  defence  of 
that  cross,  and  having  the  portraiture  thereof  be- 
twixt their  shoulders,  upon  their  upper  garments, 
they  were  thence  termed  cross-backs,  or  cruch- 
backs,  and  from  the  temple  in  which  the  cross  was 
kept,  templars.  There  were  a  vast  deal  of  lands 
throughout  Christendom  mortified  to  this  order, 
for  keeping  up  hospitality,  in  entertaining  such 
poor  pilgrims,  as  in  those  days  of  superstition 
were  going  to  the  holy  land,  to  perform  their  de- 
votions ;  whence  their  order  obtained  the  name  of 
the  hospitallers,  and  their  lands  Spittels,  many  of 
which  yet  retain  that  name.  And  though  the 
templars  and  they  seem  to  have  been  originally  of 
one  order,  yet  they  afterwards  were  distinct,  the 
templars  being  afterwards  known  by  the  name  of 
knights  of  St.  Jobuy  afterwards  Rhodes,  and  now 
of  Malta.  However  that  be,  the  hospitallers  be- 


oame  in  process,  of  time  so  sqandidoDS  ibr^Aheit 
wicked  lives,  that  the  p6pe,  upi^n^^t^otte  theraof, 
dr%  7as  some  say,  instigated  by  I^bilip  !the(£!«ir, 
kiajg  of  France,,  who  had  formed  a  detign  <rf'>get* 
ting  his  sons  invested  in  a.great.:part  of : these 
knights^  laiids,Jn  the  year  1380,  sent  hkcpoMtive 
orders,  or  bulls,  to  exterminate  this  whole-order, 
and  .  sequestrate  their  lands.  These  orders  'weie 
fbr'most  part  observed,  most  rff  these' knights^be- 
ing,  witbont  mercy,  put  to  the  sword,  exeepti'SiiGJi 
as  were  preserved  by  some  potent  friends.  The 
pope  shortly  repenting  his  orders  in  giving  somlaDy 
lands,  devoted  once  for  sacred,  to  be  now.bestowed 
to  secular  uses,  recalled  his  promise  of  g^iing'the 
same  to  the  French  king  and  others,  :andtheveaf«* 
ier  mortified  these  lands  to  the  knights  of  St.  John 
ab6ve»«entioned.  Nevertheless,  a  great  part  of 
these  lands,  in  despite  of  all  the  pope  ooulddo, 
were  kept  by  those  laicks  who  first  seized  the  same, 
upon  the  extinetion  of  the  hospitallers. 

Aniong  others  who  kept  their  part,  was  this  son 
of  Buchanan,  who,  from  these  Spittel  lands  ^pos- 
sessed by  him,  assumed  the  surname  of  Spittel, 
(his  son*  being  Adam  Spittel  of  Ledlewans,)>be. 
sides  which,  he^had  Easter  Baleun,  Biairwhoisfa, 
and  other  lands  in  the  parishesr  bf  Strathblane  and 
KiUeam,  being  a  cobsiderabte  estate  with  the  Spt- 
tel- lands.  All  which,  having  made  a  purchase,  as 
it  would  seem,  of  some  othert  place,  the  said  Adam 
Spittel  disponed  in  favour  of  fats  cousin  Walter, 
laird  of  Buchanan,  by  charter,  dated  in  ^  jiear 
13M,  'md  fburdi  year  of  liie  rtiea  laf  ki«ff 'Bo- 
bertlir.  .  «S"  5 


This  Adam  was  ancestor  to  Spittel  of  Leuchart 
in  Fife,  which  family,  since  that  of  Buchanan  was 
extinct,  has  kept  no  manner  of  correspondence 
with  any  of  the  name,  so  that  neither  by  perusal 
of  any  of  his  evidences,  nor  by  converse  with  the 
gentleman  himself,  could  I  have  the  opportunity 
of  obtaining  a  distinct  account  of  the  time  and 
manner  of  his  acquiring  his  present  estate,  nor  the 
reason  of  his  omitting  to  marshall  any  part  of 
Bucbanan^s  armorial  bearing  with  that  he  now 
bears.  The  most  obvious  reason  to 'me  of  his  so 
doing  is,  that  his  predecessor  being,  in  orders,  and 
by  that  means  prohibited  an  armorial  bearing,  his 
successors,  if  they  acquired'  their  estate  by  mar- 
riage, assumed  those  of  the  family  they  matched 
into;  if  by  purchase,  arms  most  suitable  to  their 
own  inclination.  Spittel  of  Leuchart,  being  a 
g^tleman  of  a  good  estate. in  the  shire  of '  Fife,  is 
the  p^ncipal  person  of  that  sept ;  there  being,  be--, 
sides  chose  in  Fife,  divers  of  that  name  in  the 
Straith  of  Monteath,  and  other  places  of  this  king- 








THERE  are  two  several  septs  of  these  Mac- 
Maubices,  descended  off  the  family  of  Buchanan 
at  two  different  junctures  of  time.  The  ancestor 
of  the  first  of  these  septs,  for  any  thing  can  be 
found,  was  an  illegitimate  son  of  Maurice,  second 
of  that  name,  laird  of  Buchanan,  in  the  latter  part 
of  the  reign  of  king  Robert  I.,  and  beginning  of 
king  David  II.  The  first  of  these  I  find  upon  re- 
cord, is  Arthur  M^Maurice,  being  witness  in  a 
charter  by  Eugen  M'Kessan  of  Garchel,  in  favour 
of  Celestin  M^Lachlan,  and  Arthur  McNeil,  of  that 
part  of  the  estate  of  Garchel,  called  Aucbintroig, 
Gartclach,  &c.  in  the  reign  of  king  Robert  III. 
Those  of  this  race  reside  mostly  in  the  heads  of 
Stratthem,  and  Struthallan,  and  a  few  of  them  in 
the  parish  of  Callender.     The  other  sept  of  these 

ACCOUNT  aSr  JB»  MACMAURICBS,  ficC        803 

ll^Miitaric«9,  i84f»ceQded  of  one  stopping  Maurio^ 
illegitinilite.sQn- to  Waltert  fourth  of  that  natne^ 
I«rd  of  BucbaQaoi  in  the  reign  of  king  Jamed  IIL 
T4)is  Maurice,  is  reported  to  have  been  of  a  very 
huge  statuf'e^  but  withall  so  very  coarse  and  un- 
bandsotne^  as  gave  occasion  for  his  being  little  re* 
garded ;  so  that  in  the  time  of  king  James  IV.,  the 
laibdof  Buchanan^^  with  most  of  his  name*  having  battle  of  Flowdop,  left  Maurice,  with 
some  otiler  invalids   to  oversee  affairs  at  hoipe; 
there  being  at  that;  time,  some  feud  or  v^riai^oe  be-' 
tmikt  M^Kensie,  Uird  of  Eintail  and  Buchdnan.; 
Kintail  thought  this  a  fit  time  to  carry  on  the  sapie, 
and  sending  for  that  effect,  one  Kenneth  M.^Kenzie, 
a  brother,  or  aooie  other  near  relation  of  his  owqi 
with  eighty  men  to  harass  Buchanan^slandsj. these 
came  to  a  hill  betwixt  Drymen  and  Buchanan,  in 
sights  of  the  latter,  and  being  fatigued,  lay  down 
among  the  heather  to  take  some  little  repose.  Mean* 
while,  MauricC)  getting  some  notice  of  the  advance 
of  his  party,  went  to  get  surer  intelligence,  and  pa&« 
sing  accidentdlly  near  the  hill  in  which  the  party 
lay,  Kenneth,  the  captain,  observing  him,  went  a« 
lone  to  himi  to  get  information  of  the  state  of  the 
country*     Maurice  seeming  to  take  little  notiioe  of 
him^  went  still  on,  giving  no  satisfactory  answer  to 
any  of  his  demands ;  which  at  length  so  exasperal* 
ed  M'^Kensue,  that  he  gave  Maurice  a  stroke  with; 
hie  swOrd,  not  being  at  the  trouble  of  drawing  the 
same;  which  was  no  sooner  done,  than  Maurice 
gave  hitn.  suob^  a  stroke  with  his  battle-ax,  as  clave 
bis.  head  to  the  teeth,  whereupon  he  returned  in->. 
stantly  to  Buchanan,  and  alarmed  the  country/ 


The  party  in  a  little  time  awakening,  and  finding 
their  captain  in  that  bad  posture,  returned  with  all 
speed  back  without  doing  the  least  violence*  The 
place  where  this  action  was  done,  yet  retains  the 
name  of  Kenneth's  plain.  A  grandchild  of  this 
Maurice,  having  killed  a  servant  of  my  lord  Glen- 
cairn,  who  resided  in  Kilmafonock,  was  obliged  to 
leave  his  native  country  of  Buchanan,  and  go  to  the 
village  of  Scoon,  north  of  Tay.  His  posterity  in 
these  parts,  are  termed  Morreises,  or  Morisons. 
Some  of  these  came  thence,  and  settled  upon  Forth, 
betwixt  Stirling  and  Culross,  of  whom  are  descend- 
ed most  of  the  Morisons  in  those  parts.  There 
are  also  some  of  this  last  sept  in  the  parish  of  Buch- 
anan, who  retain  their  ancient  name  of  M*Maurice^ 
but  very  few  in  number. 

The  ancestor  of  the  sept  of  the  Mac Ami>eoirs, 
is  also  reputed  a  cadet  of  the  family,  being  report- 
ed to  be  a  man  of  prudence  and  sagacity,  who  went 
to  Argyllshire,  along  with  Walter  laird  of  Buchan- 
an^s  daughter,  married  in  the  reign  of  king  James 
III.,  to  Campbel,  laird  of  Ardkinglass;  who,  in 
regard  there  was  no  other  of  his  surname  in  that 
country,  was  thence  termed  Deoir,  or  a  sojourner, 
whence  his  posterity  were  termed  M<Ande<nrs. 
This  sept  reside  mostly  in  a  place  called  Arskeot- 
nish,  near  the  village  of  Kilmichael  in  Glasrie,  as 
also  upon  the  side  of  Lochow,  in  M<Lacblan  of 
InchchonnePs  lands.  The  principal  person  of  these, 
is  M«  Andeoir  of  Kilchoan,  near  Kilmichael  in  Glas- 
rie. These  are  dependants  of  the  laird  of  Ardkin- 
glass, seeing  their  ancestiHr  went  first  there  with  his 

MACMAUEICXS,   MACAKDXOIE8,  &C.         285 

The  MacChbvitres  were  of  along  time  reputed 
Buchanans,  having  for  divers  ages  resided  in  these 
landS}  in  the  upper  parts  of  the  parishes  of  Buchan* 
an  and  Callender,  pertaining  to  the  lairds  of  Budi- 
anaiiy  but  are  now  wholly  decayed  in  those  parts* 
The  few  of  that  name  now  extant,  reside  in  Argyll- 
shire^  but  maintain  no  correspondence  with  the 
name  of  Buchanan.  They  obtained  their  surname, 
from  some  one  of  their  ancestors  being  a  harper^  and 
were  thence  termed  MacChruiters,  or  Harpersons* 

The  MacGbsusichs  are  so  denominated,  from 
one  of  their  ancestors  being  a  cordiner,  termed  in  Ir- 
ish, Greusich,  whence  his  posterity  were  thereafter 
termed  Macgreusichs,  or  Cordiner-sons.  These'are 
of  the  same  origin  with  the  Macandeoirs;  that  Buch- 
anan, who  went  to  Argyllshire  with  the  laird  of 
Ardkinglass's  lady,  being  ancestor  to  both  septs. 
These  M'Greusichs,  reside  in  Gaunnans,  upon  the 
west  side  of  Lochlong,  and  betwixt  that  and  Loch- 
goyle  in  Ardkinglass^s  lands,  being,  as  their  friends 
the  M^Andeoirs,  dependants  on  that  gentleman. 
There  is  also  a  small  number  residing  upon  Loch- 
goyle-side,  termed  M^Nuyers  of  Evan  Glass,  or 
Gray  Hugh's  race,  of  the  same  origin  with  the 
M<Greusichs,  and  own  themselves  Buchanans. 
Those  already  mentioned,  are  all  the  cadets  of  other 
denominations,  directly  or  immediately  descended 
off  the  lamily  of  Buchanan. 

As  for  the  M'Watties,  M<Aldonichs,  and 
M^Robs,  being  all  those  of  other  denominations 
descended  off  the  family  of  Lenny,  I  made  men- 
tion of  them  in  the  account  of  that  family.  Those 
cadets  of  other  denominations,  descended  off  the 

*  896     AOODuier<  or  ths^  VACiiMrftiost^  ire. 

trntHj*  of  DnimiinU,  are  the  Biska^  so^  nmed 
final  their  moestor^s  being  born  upon  the  Bisks  Of 
Diytneii.  Thete  mostly  reside  in  the  parishes  of 
"Dtymetty  Balfroa  and  Killeani,  and  some  few  of 
theman.tbe  Straith  of  Monteath.  The  seebnd ca* 
dets  of  this  kind  are  the  M^Einlays,  so  named  fromr 
a  son  of  DramikiU^  called  Fialay;  those  lately*  in 
Bloimyle^  taoA  aboot  BeUaehj  are  of  this  tort»  as 
also  tbope  in  Benaahra^  and  about  the  Water  of 
Einny  in  Luss^  parish*  Tbe^  M^Kinlays  in  some 
olhcfr  fiarts  of  these  parishes,  ane-  M^Pbarlans. 
The  third  of  these  cadets  was  ancestor  of  the 
M^Tomases^  so  nained  from  one  Tbomlis  of  Dtumi* 
hiU's  family*  It  is  also  pretended*  thatthe  Yuilles 
aredesoended  of  a  sonof  Drumikiirs,  born  upon 
Yuilday.  This  pretension  is  adhered  to  by  some 
of;  the  name  of  Yuille,  by  others  not. 







THE  nature  of  public  history  not  permitting 
notice  to  be  taken  of  all  the  gallant  actions  of  pri- 
vate men,  many  very  singular  achievements  of  per- 
sons bearing  the  name  of  Buchapan,  have  by  that 
means  been  passed  over  in  silence,  so  as  to  be  capa- 
ble of  being  vouched  no  other  ways  than  by  private 
memoirs,  or  traditional  accoun&  However,  we 
find  from  these,  that  many  of  the  name  of  Buchanan 
have  not  been  wanting  to  signalize  themselves,  in  as 
eminent  a  manner  as  any  of  their  station.    For  not 


to  menticHi  the  vigoroas  efforts  and  constancy  of  An* 
SXLAN,  progenitor  of  that  surname,  in  the  quarrel 
and  service  of  the  Scotish  king  and  nation  against 
the  Danes,  the  inveterate  enemies  of  both,  which 
was  the  cause  of  his  obtaining  that  first  and  splen- 
did part  of  the  armorial  bearing  of  Buchanan ;  our 
historians  also  celebrate  the  signal  adherence  of 
Sib  Mauhice,  one  of  his  successors,  to  the  interest 
of  his  country,  during  a  greater  part  of  the  wars 
managed  after  thp  death  of  king  Alexander,  a  clear 
evidence  of  which,  (as  already  hinted,)  is  his  not 
having  signed  the  ragman-roll,  violently  imposed 
by  king  Edward  the  first  of  England,  upon  most 
of  any  consideralble  aocount  throughout  the  king- 
dom, though  this  gentleman  at  the  time  was 
honoured  with  knighthood,  and  upon  divers  ac- 
counts, much  preferable  to  a.  great  many,  whose- 
names  are  found  at  that  bpnd  of  allegiance  to:  the 
tyrannical  king,  who  allowed  none  to  reftneit,  but 
such  as  adventured  so  to  do  at  their  utmost  hazard. 
Nor  was  this  gentleman^s  successor  of  the  same 
name  of  less  bravery  and  attachment  to  the  welfare 
and  hmiour  of  his  native  country,  having  accompa- 
nied his  patron,  Malcolm^  earl  of  Lennox,  in.all  the 
dai^;dnnis  adventures  the  earl  was  concerned  in, 
during  the  reign  of  king  Robert  I;,  and  the  minori-* 
ty  of  his  son,  king  David  U. 

The  next,  who  ngnalized  himself  for  the  honour. 
of'hi3^  country,  was  Sib  Albxandbe,  eldest  son  t» 
Jolm,  second  of  that  name,  laird  of  Buchanan,  who* 
ptoeiured  the  addition  afteiwrnentioned;  to  the  ar* 
moriat'bearing-of  Bo^hanMi.    The  cireumstaiioea: 

oF<BRBir^minr'OF<»irieHAKAN.        ^2#9 

of'AeVfidNrenttire'Hi  wfaich-tliis  gehltetiMiti  was  oon- 
eemicdt 'and  the  «etion  by  which  he  si^alia^-^kki- 
0elf,  being brkiy  thus: 

C3Mu4es,  the  fipstof  ibat'naroe,  king  of  France^ 
becDmingfranttc^and  hta<|UeM,  with  the  bassist  anee 
ofithe  duke  of  Burgumiy,  making  up  a  party 
UgatMt' Charles  the  dauphin,  to  whom  of  right  the 
government  of  the 'kingdom  did  belongs  and  i/rtio 
ims  therefore  the  more  favoured  and  suppc^rled  by 
ht9  countrymen ;  this  created  such  jetiousyiin  the 
advise  party,  as:  put  them  upon  all  imag^rriible ,. 
melibods  of  supporting  their  o«»n  interest';  in  order . 
wfaei^to,they  had  recourse  to  Henry  the  fifth  of  En- 
gland, an  aspirii^  y*oung  king,  who  had  not  quite 
lost  thoughts  of  the  old  pretensions  of  kingEdward 
IIL,  his  great  grandfather,  to  that  kingdom.    -He 
therefore' readily  accepted  of  the  queen^s  inTitation 
not  to  invade,  but  to  accept  in  a  manner  of  the 
kingdom  of  France,  of  which  the  dauphin,  by  her  in- 
fluent, was  disinherited  by  his  father.     Upon  the 
view  of  these  advantages,  king  Henry  went  to  France 
with  a  good  army,  and  having  defeated  thedauphin^s 
army  at  Agincourt,  and  afterwards  proceeded  to 
Paris,  where  he  married  the  French  king's  daugh- 
ter,  he  was  constituted  not  only  regent  of  France, 
during  the  king's  indisposition,  but  also  his  succes- 
sor in  the  kingdcmi.     Thus  having  ordered  matters 
in^ France  to  his  satisfaction,  he  returned  in  triumph 
to  England,  leaving  his  brother,  Thomas,  dukeof 
Olflrence,'  his  viee-gerent  and  general  of  the  En- 
glish army.      The  dauphin  in  this  exigency  sent 
ambaaaadors  to  Scotlandi  in  the  year  1419,  being 


the  last  year  but  one  of  the  r^ncy  of  Bobert, 
duke  of  Albany,  imploring  aid  against  the  English. 
In  compliance  witl^  this  request,  the  regent  in  the 
beginning  of  the  year  1420,  sent  over  a  supply  of 
seven  thousand  volunteers, .  under  command  of 
John,  earl  of  Buchan,  his  own  son,  and  Archibald, 
earl  of  Wigtoun,  eldest  son  to  the  earl  of  Douglas. 
These  forces  arriving  in  France,  some  few  days  be- 
fore Easter,  (which  festival  was  then,-  and  is  yet 
very  religiously,  if ,  not  superstitiously,  observed 
among  the  Romanists,)  upon  which  account,  there 
was  a  cessation  of  arms  agreed  upon  for  some  days 
betwixt  the  Scots  and  English:  in  confidence 
whereof  the  former  remained  in  much  security :  of 
this  the  duke  of  Clarence  being  informed  by  one 
f  regosa,  an  Italian,  who  deserted  from  the  Scot- 
ish  army,  he  upon  the  intelligence,  resolved,  not- 
withstanding of  the  cessation,  to  take  his  advantage 
of  theScots,fearing  more  harm  from  the  experienced 
valour  of  that  small  number,tj)an  most  of  tbeFrencb 
forces  besides.  So  keeping  his  design  secret,  upon^ 
Easter  Sabbath  he  ordered  all  his  horsemen  to  arm, 
judging  these  suflScient  for  the  enterprize,  and  by  a 
hasty  march  arrived  in  a  few  hours  at  the  Scots  quar- 
ters, in  a  little  town  in  the  province  of  Anjou,  called 
Bauge,  near  which  was  a  river  traversed  with  a 
stone  bridge,  and  guarded  by  a  party  of  French, 
who  upon  Clarence^s  arrival,  deserted  the  post. 
Upon  this  alarm,  Hugh  Kennedy,  a  Scotish  cap- 
tain, with  thirty  archers  advanced  to  the  bridge, 
and  for  some  time  defended  the  same,^till  Clarence 
ordered  two  hundred  of  his  curassiers  todismount» 


and  with  push  of  spear,  beat  Kennedy  and  his 
small  party,  destitute  of  defensive  armour,  from 
their  post.  But  while  this  was  a-doing,  the  earl  of 
Buchan,  with  two  hundred  Scotish  horsemen,  ar- 
rived at  the  bridge,  which  Clarence  observing,  left 
the  passage  clear  to  the  Scots,  and  drew  up  his  men 
in  order  of  battle.  The  Scotish  general,  as  soon  as 
he  got  his  men  together,  advanced  toward  the 
enemy,  and  charged  them  with  very  great  bra- 
very, which  was  received  by  the  English  with  no 
less  resolution,  being  superior  both  in  number  and 
experience.  So  that  after  a  sharp  dispute,  the 
Scots  were  scarce  able  to  maintain  their  ground ; 
till  in  the  heat  of  the  action,  Sir  Alexander  I]iu6h- 
anan  meeting  the  duke  of  Clarence,  who  was  very 
conspicuous  upon  account  of  a  coronet  beset  with  a 
great  many  jewels  affixed  to  his  helmet,  with  bis 
couched  spear  with  the  utmost  vigour  made  toward 
him ;  the  duke  in  the  same  posture  met  his  anta- 
gonist,  upon  whose  bi  east-plate  the  duke^s  spear 
slanting,  Buchanan  pierced  *  at  once  through  his 
left  eye  and  brain,  whereupon  he  instantly  fell  from 
his  horse.  Buchanan  in  the  mean  time  getting 
hold  of  the  coronet,  and  putting  the  same  upon  the 
point  of  his  spear,  cried  to  his  countrymen  to  take 
courage,  for  that  there  was  a  token  he  had  killed 
the  English  general,  which  the  English  noticing, 
made  no  further  resistance,  but  committed  their 
safety  to  their  horses^  heels,  there  being  killed  of 
them,  besides  Clarence,  twenty-six  officers,  and 
other  persons  of  quality,  and  near  three  thousand 
soldiers,  besides  two  thousand  taken  prisoners,  with 
2  C 

Tery  little  Joss  to  the  Scots,  th^re  beting  po^epfuQ- 
cbunt  kiUed  upon  tbeir  -side.  . 

This  victory,  as  it  gaye  a  great  c];ieck  to  tbe  af- 
fairs of  the  English,  did  do  less  erect  the  drooping 
circun^staoces  of  tbe  French,  of  which  thedauphi^ 
waS'SO  sensible,  that  he  created  tbe  earl  ofJBMchan 
his  master  of  horse,  and  Wigtoun^  high  copstj^l^ 
of  France,  and  rewarded  all  the  other  .persons  of 
distinction  according  to  their  merits,  particularljr 
Buchadan,  whom  he  bountifully  reward^cjj  and  fpr 
preservation  of  bis  heroic  achievemept,  added  tQ 
bis  former  bearing,  a  second  tressure  round  tjbte 
field,  flowered  and  counterflowered,  with  flpwer^dcr 
luces  of  the  second,  and  in  a  crest,  a  band  coupee^ 
holding  a  duke^s  coronet,  with  two  laurel  branchens 
wreathed  round  the  same ;  which  addition  was  re- 
tained by  ^be  family  of  Budianan  ip  all  time  there- 

Mr.  George  Buchanan,  who  seems  never  to  have 
been  careful  in  advancing  the  honour  of  his  name^ 
asserts  that  the  common  report  was,  that  Clarence 
was  first  wounded  by  Sir  John  Swinton,  and  after- 
wards beat  from  bis  horse  by  the  earl  of  Buchan. 
But  tbe  assertion  of  the  book  Pluscarden,  and  the 
additional  arms,  being  so  plain  a  monument  of  that 
action,  clear  the  truth  thereof,  as  above  related,  be- 
yond all  manner  of  controversy.  Buchanan  is  report- 
ed to  have  sold  the  coronet  to  Stewart  of  Darnly» 
for  one  thousand  angels  of  gold,  and  Darnly  to  have 
pawned  the  same  to  Sir  Robert  Houston,  for  five 
thousand  angels.  This  gallant  gentleman,  with  a 
great  many  more  of  bis  countrymen^  was  kiljed  by 

OF  rtLt  FAMfALY  OF  B0Clf A'^AN.  HfS 

^a  Efls^hh,  ibtt^ugh  the  ttettcheryi  de^et'tion,  or 
Mi^afdice  of  the  Freiitih,  in  conjuneek>n  withthein 
At  the  btfttle  of  Vernoifc,  ift  the  year  1484. 

The  next  of  that  family  who  lost  his  life  in  the 
service  of  his  prince,  was  Patrick,-  second  of  that 
Atoiejaird  of  Buchanan,  who,  wit  li  mo^t  of  his  name 
#tti9  with  king  James  IV.  at  the  battle  of  Flowdon, 
in  which  Buchanan  himself,  John,  laird  of  Lenny, 
add  divers  Otliers  of  the  name,  were  killed  in  the 
year  1613.  Though  our  public  histories  give  no 
slc^ount  of  tbid  geifitleman^s  death,  at  that  occasion, 
nor  of  a  great  many  others  of  quality,  who  lost 
their  Irves  tti  thM  fatal  engagement,  nevertheless, 
there  a^e  accounts  found  of  the  same  in  most 
of  the  families,  whose  prineipal. men  were  lost  at 
that  juncture. 

Georos,  laird  of  Buchanan,  with  his  name  and 
dependants^,  wa^  at  the  biattle  of  Pinkie  in  queen 
Mary*s  minority,  in  which  Buchanan  of  Arnpryor, 
atid  divert  others  of  the  name  lost  their  lives.  The 
same  George  was  also  at  the  battle  of  Lang8ide,in 
which  he  behaved  very  honourably ;  and  no  less  so 
did  Grokge,  third  of  that  name,  laird  ofBuchan^ 
fin,  father  to  the  kte  laird,  who  b^tng  colonel  of 
Stirlingshire  regiment,  during  the  whole  of  the  ci- 
^1  warn  in  the  reign  of  king  Charles  I.,  was  with 
fais  regiment  (most  of  the  officers,  and  a  good  many 
of  the  tfdtdiers  thereof,  being  of  his  own  name,)  at 
the  battle  of  Dunbar,  as  also  at  the  fatal  conflict  of 
Ennerketthing;  at  the  last  of  which,  Buchanan, 
irtlh  Sit  John  Brown,  colonel  of  Mid- Lothian  re^- 
litem,  with  their  two  regiments,  stopped  the  pas- 


sage  of  the  Engfish  army  oyer  Forth  for  some  dajrs, ' 
and  would  have  continued  so  to  do  till  relief  had 
come  from  the  king^s  grand  army,  then  encamped 
at  Stirling,  had  not  major  general  Holborn,  com- 
mander in  chief  of  that  party  of  the  Scottish  forces, 
(biassed  as  was  thought  with  English  gold)  com- 
manded these  brave  gentlemen  to  abandon  their 
post,  and  allow  the  English  free  passage,  which 
when  effected,  the  general  drew  on  these  two  re^- 
ments  with  that  of  brave  Sir  Hector  McLean,  most- 
ly composed  of  bis  own  name,  to  an  engagement 
with  the  best  part  of  the  English  army ;  Holborn 
himelf,  with  his  regiment  of  horse,  wheeling  off 
without  finng  one  shot,  and  leaving  these  three  re- 
giments of  foot  to  the  mercy,  or  rather .  merciless, 
rage  of  the  enemy,  they  after  a  most  valiant  resis- 
tance, even  much  greater  than  could  be  expected 
from  their  number,  were  in  the  end  overpowered, 
and  mostly  cut  to  pieces.  The  laird  of  M^LeaPi 
with  most  of  any  account  of  his  name,  was  killed^ 
as  also  a  vast  number  of  the  name  of  Buchanan, 
the  laird  himself,  with  Sir  John  Brown,  and  some 
few  other  officers  being  made  prisoners,  in  which 
condition  Buchanan  continued  unreleased  till  his ' 
death,  in  the  year  1651. 

It  may  be  upon  good  grounds  presumed,  that 
divers  others  of  the  liurds  of  Buchanan  were  con- 
cerned in  a  great  many  other  battles,  and  other 
grand  transactions  managed  in  this  nation,  though 
a  particular  account  of  these  matters  cannot  be  so 
easily  t)btained.  Hoi^ever,  the  above  mentioned 
instances,  of  which  there  are  accounts,  are  sufficient 

OF  THB  VMtmY  OV  BITCHilllAN.  305 

ttstknotiies  of  these  gentlemen^s  willtngness  upon  atl 
oocasioDs,  to  evidence  their  duty  in  behalf  and  ser- 
vice <^  their  prince  and  country. 

As  the  kirds  of  Buchanan  were  ordinarily  among 
the  first  who  appeared  in  the  public  service  of  their 
country,  ao  they  were  frequently  obliged,  according 
to  the  too  general  custom  of  the  more  ancient  times, 
to  maintain  some  private  quarrels  with  some  neigh* 
bouriog  names,  and  being  for  the  most  part  unjust- 
ly provoked,  came  very  rarely  off  with  disadvan- 

The  first  of  these  private  quarrels  that  is  report- 
ed to  have  been,  was  with  the  Arrals,  then  a  nume- 
rous name  in  the  Lennox,  and  whose  perverse  and 
insolent  disposiuon  was  very  singular,  insomuch, 
that  upon  report  of  any  quarrel,  or  slaughter  in 
these  parts,  in  which  that  name  resided,  those  not 
present,  upon  hearing  thereof  ordinarily  asked, 
who,  besides  the  Arrals  ?  judging,  whoever  were 
seconds,  the  Arrals  behoved  to  be  first  in  any  such 
adventure.  Nevertheless,  in  that  contest  already 
giUmced  at  betwixt  the  Buchanans,  and  that  name, 
the  same  was  brought  so  low,  that  there  scarce  re- 
mained thereafter  the  least  memory  of  it. 

Their  next  controversy  is  reported  to  be  with 
the  Galbraiths,  in  the  reign  of  king  James  IL, 
being  the  most  numerous  and  jpotent  name  of  the 
Lennox  in  that  age.  The  reason  of  this  contest, 
is  said  to  be  the  laird  of  Buchanan^s  marrying  a 
gentlewoman  of  the  name  of  Galbraith,  heiress  of 
Killearn,  Bamoir  and  Auchinreoch.  The  Gal- 
bruths  grudging  very  much  that  so  good  an  estate 


should  be  carried  off  by  a  stranger,  and  in  regard 
they  could  not  justly  withhold  those  lands,  they  re- 
solved to  take  the  advantage  of  these  times,  which, 
being  very  turbulent,  favoured  such  projects,  to 
detain  them  from  Buchanan  by  violence.  This  be- 
gan the  quarrel,  which  continued  for  sometime 
with  mutual  slaughter,  and  did  in  the  end  termin- 
ate not  only  in  the  loss  of  what  the  Gulbraiths  so 
much  struggled  for,  but  also  of  divers  of  themselves 
in  the  action ;  the  last  of  them  being  Gralbraith  of 
Benachra  and  Benraes,  who  resided  in  a  little  cas- 
tle, situated  in^a  small  island  of  Lochlomond, 
called  yet  the  Gralbriuth^s  isle,  whence  he  commit- 
ted a  great  many  hostilities  upon  most  of  the 
neighbouring  gentlemen :  and  if  at  any  time  de- 
prived of  his  boat,  he  would  swim  with  his  clothes 
and  arms  tyed  betwixt  his  shoulders,  and  in  that 
manner  take  a  boat  from  the  next  adjacent  shore, 
and  carry  the  same  into  his  isle.  Of  this  practice 
Buchanan  being  informed,  caused  plant  an  am- 
budh  in  the  next  isle  to  Galbraith'^s,  which  inter- 
cepted him  while  in  his  swimming  posture,  and 
despatched  him,  to  the.  no  small  satisfaction  of  his 

There  were  divers  other  hostilities  carried  on 
betwixt  that  of  Buchanan  and  some  other  neigh- 
bouring families,  not  necessary  here  to  be  men- 
tioned ;  as  there  were  also  betwixt  the  family  of 
Lenny  and  two  several  neighbouring  clans,  at  two 
different  junctures ;  betwixt  the  family  of  Drumi- 
kill,  with  the  like  number  of  clans ;  and  also  betwixt 
Carbeth  and  a  certain  clan  in  their  neighbour- 


hood.      In  all  which  contests,  though  after  a  ' 
great  deal  of  bloodshed,  those  families  came  off 
with  the  same  honour  and  advantage  that  the 
principal  family  were  wont  to  have  in  their  en- 

The  name  of  Buchanan  was  so  numerous  in 
heritors,  and  the  castle  of  Buchanan  so  centrally 
placed  in  respect  of  the  interests  and  residences 
of  these  heritors,  that  the  laird  of  Buchanan 
could,  in  a  summer^s  day,  call  fifty  heritors  of  his 
own  name  to  bis  house,  upon  any  occasion,  and 
all  of  them  might  with  conveniency  return  to 
their  respective  residences  against  night,  the  fuiv 
tbest  of  them  not  being  above  ten  miles  from 

The  name  of  Buchanan,  since  the  principal  fami- 
ly became  extinct,  consists  of,  or  is  classed  into 
four  classes,  or  families ;  the  first  of  these,  being  a 
certain  number  of  heritors,  and  their  dependants, 
who  are  immediately  descended  off  the  family  of 
Buchanan,  or  the  latest  cadets  thereof,  who,  though 
they  keep  entire  friendship  with,  yet  have  no  de* 
pendance  upon,  any  other  family  of  the  nama 
The  principal  person  of  these  is  Buchanan  of 
Auchmar,  there  being  of  this  class  ten  heritors. 
Th6  next  is  the  family  of  Drumikill,  the  principal 
person  or  head  of  which  is  Buchanan  of  Craigie- 
vairn,  there  being  of  this  family  seventeen  heri- 
tors. The  third  is  Buchanan  of  Lenny,  of  which 
iamily,  himself  included,  there  are  ten  heritors. 
The  fourth  is  the  family  of  Carbeth,  of  which, 
Carbeth  himself  included,  there  are  fourteen  heri- 


tors*  The  beriton  of  the  MacAuselans,  MacAiCl* 
UxMf  MacColmanst  and  Spittels^  all  immedialdy 
descended  off  that  of  Buchanan,  being  added  to 
the  first  class,  makes  the  same  the  most  considera- 
ble of  the  four. 







THERE  have  been  several  learaed  men  of  the 
name  of  Buchanani  besides  Mr.  Georgey  of  whom 
already,  particularly 

Mb.  Thomas  Buchanan  of  Ibert,  nephew  to 
Mr.  Georgci  upon  whose  demisnon  the  said  Mr. 
Thomas  succeeded  in  the  office  of  lord  privy-seal : 
before  which  he  was  a  preacher,  and  a  learned  and 
eminent  divine :  being  a  great  promoter  of  the 
Reformation,  he  was  consulted  in  aU  points  any 
ways  difficult  that  occurred  in  those  times ;  upon 
which  account  he  is  very  often  mentioned  in  the 
Histories  of  Knox  and  Calderwood. 

There  was  another  Mb.  Thomas  Buchanan, 
son  to  Thomas,  second  of  that  name,  young  laird 
of  Drumikill.  He  was  minister  of  Syres  in  Fife, 
in  the  reign  of  king  James  VI.,  and  was  of  the 
greatest  learning^  and  esteem  of  any  ^f  his  time. 


310      ACCOUKT  or  IJOME  LftABKED  MEN,  &C. 

Mb*  Robebt  Buchanan,  provost  of  the  colle- 
giate church  of  Eirkbeugh  in  St.  Andrews,  in  the 
beginning  of  the  reign  of  king  James  VI.,  was 
T^ry  famous  for  philosophy  and  theology,  being, 
for  any  thing  I  can  find>  of  the  old  family  of  Am- 

Mb.  David  Buchanan,  second  son  of  William 
Buchanan  of  Arnpryor,  was  a  gentleman  of  great 
learning :   he  flourished  in  the  latter  part  of  the 
reign  of  king  James  VI.,  and  beginning  of  the 
reign  of  king  Charles  I.     He  wrote  a  large  Natu- 
ral History,  which  was  not  completed  at  the  au- 
thor^s  death,  and  therefore  never  pi'intedy  to  the 
great  loss  of  the  learned  and  curious.      He  wrote 
also  a  large  Etymologicon  of  all  the  Shires,  Cities, 
Rivers  and  Mountains  in  Scotland,  which   was 
printed,  though  not  in  many  hands ;  from  which 
I  find  Sir  Robert  Sibbald  quotes  some  pas^ges 
in  his  History  of  the  Shires  of  Stirling  and  Fife. 



Trlbxtadbf  K.  Cbxpman,  GUagow.  ^ 


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